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YoL. XXVII. JANUARY, 1873. No. 1. 


By the Rev. Prof. Alpheus S. Packard, D.D., of Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me. 

William Willis* was born in Ilavcrliill, Mass., Aug. 31, 1794, the 
second child of Benjamin and Mary (JMcKinstry) Willis. His paternal 
ancestors were among the early English settlers of Massachusetts ; his 
maternal were Scotch-Irish. John McKinstry (Ed. Univ. 1712), his great- 
grandfather, a clergyman, the first of the name who came to this country, 
arrived Aug. 4, 1718, and settled near Worcester, Mass. His grandfather, 
son of the preceding, became a physician in Taunton, Mass., and was 
appointed surgeon-general of hospitals in Boston by Gen. Gage. Dr. 
McKinstry died March 21, 177G, aet. 43, on board the "Button" hospital 
ship in Boston harbor, whither he had gone with his household on the 
evacuation of the town by the British. IMr. Willis's family moved to 
Portland in 1803. He was fitted for college at Phillips Exeter Academy; 
entered Harvard College a sophomore, 1810; and graduated 1813, taking a 
part in a conference with three others. After graduation lie was entered 
as student-at-law in the office of the Hon. Prentiss Mellen (H. C. 1784), in 
Portland, whose reputation, as a counsellor and advocate, and subserpiently 
as the first chief-justice of the supreme judicial court of Maine, is a familiar 
tradition. At the close of the war of 1812, the family removed to Boston, 
and he entered the office of Judge Peter Oxenbridge Thacher (II. C. 171)6).. 
In 1815 he went abroad with the prospect of a commercial life in connection, 
with U. S. Consul Jarvis ' in Lisbon, Portugal ; but relinquishing that 
project, he returned, completed his legal studies, was admitted to the Suffolk 
Bar, 1817, and 02:)ened an office in Boston. In 1818 he visited the West 
Indies, and spent a few months on the islands Martinique and Guadaloupe. 
His letters during these absences gave indications of the power of close 

^ In preparing the following notice of the late Hon. William Willis, the writer has 
used freely the "Tribute" to his memory before the Numismatic and Antiquarian 
Society of Philadelphia, March 3, 1870, by Charles Henry Hart, Esq., historiographer 
of the society ; an article prepared for the annual necrology of Han-ard College, of 
which Mr. Willis was an alumnus ; and the diary of Mr. Willis himself of the last 
twenty-six years of his life. The writer, it may be added, was associated with Mr. 
Willis for more than forty years in the Maine Historical Society, and most of that period 
m the official relations of the society. 

For a memoir and portrait of Consul Jarvis, see Keqistee, vol. xx. p. 193. [Editor.] 

Vol. XXVII. 1 

2 Tlic lion, William Willis, [January, 

observation and facility as a writer, which were to be of so much value to him 
and to the public. When Mr. Mellen was chosen to the U. S. senate from 
Massachusetts, haviui^ observed his valuable qualifications, he extended to 
young Willis the highly complimentary invitation to become a partner in 
the extensive and lucrative business of his office. In 1820, when Maine 
became a separate state and Mr. Mellen was appointed chief-justice of the 
supreme court, the connection was dissolved, and Mr. Willis continued the 
practice of his profession by himself until 1835, when he formed a 
copartnership with the late distinguished Hon. William Pitt Fessenden 
(B. C. 1823), which lasted twenty years. In 1854 his son Henry (B. C. 
1851) was associated with him in the office. After the death of this son 
in 1868, he conducted the business of the office alone. 

Mr. Willis was a well-read, able lawyer, and by sterling integrity, purity 
and elevation of character, and by his habits of exactness and accuracy as 
a counsel and a conveyancer, sustained a high reputation. His fine 
manners and gentle courtesy, combined with great sensibility and kindness 
of heart, gave grace to the profession and won the high esteem of his 
associates. Soon after his return to Portland as his residence, he became 
assistant editor of one of the newspapers of the town, a position which he 
held three or four years, and in the discharge of that office gave an earnest 
of qualities as a close observer of passing events and a felicitous and able 
writer, which distinguished him so much in subsequent years. 

Sept. 1, 1823, Mr. Willis married Julia, daughter of the late Hon. 
Ezekiel Whitman (B. U. 1705), chief-justice of the court of common 
pleas, and afterwards holding the same position in the supreme court of 
Maine. Nine children were the issue of this marriage. The pai-ents 
survived them all, the mother dying April 2, 1872. 

Notwithstanding Mr. Willis might be regarded, to nearly the last of his 
life, a busy lawyer, his genuine passion for historical and statistical research 
and for the knowledge of men, and his singular habits of observation, with 
his industrious pen, of which the ink never seemed to become dry, lured 
him into paths which the jealous genius of the law is commonly thought 
to forbid her votaries. 

His private diary, begun October, 1844, and continued with scarce an 
interruption of its daily entry to within four days of his decease, reveals in 
an interesting and agreeable way his habits in the particulars already 
referred to. It appears from this record that he was accustomed to 
keep a journal at least as early as 1815, but the four folios, embracing 
twenty-six years, are all that survive him. E\ndent]y designed for no eye 
but his own, it makes known the man, his outer, and in many points his 
inner, life ; his vigilant observation of passing events, his social habits and 
associations ; his generous sympathy for friends and acquaintances ; his 
public spirit which cherished a lively interest in whatever afi^ected tlie 
welfare of the city, or the state, or the country, or indeed tlie world. We 
gather from it tliat no movement was made in the interests of education, or 
of any public improvement, social or moral ; in the religious society with 
which he was connected, in the Portland Academy, in the Athena'um or 
public library, the society of natural liistory, or the lyceum, in which he 
was not ready to particij)ate. When the project of a railroad was set on 
foot, his diary shows that he was an active coopcrator and gave to it tlie 
service of several years. His feeble voice did not allow him to act a 
prominent part as a public speaker in large assemblies, but he was prompt 

1873.] The Hon, William Willis. 3 

and efTicient in committees, or on boards of directors, or as a trustee, and 
often as chairman or president. No event of importance happened at home 
or abroad which the record of the day fails to notice ; nor the death of a 
neighbor, nor of any one, whether of the city or elsewhere, who by age or 
position, or any circumstance, attracted his attention. Lecturers at the 
lyceum, speakers at political or religious conventions, the sermons he heard, 
even to the texts and the outlines of discourse, are recorded. Incidents of 
importance during the war of rebellion, whether of the field or the cabinet, 
and changing aspects of the political state of the country, received a brief 
and pertinent notice. The peculiarities of the seasons and the range of the 
thermometer during those twenty-six years may be ascertained with 
considerable accuracy from that diary. The fact is recorded that he was 
once summoned as a witness in court to testify to the state of the weather 
at a certain date of a year or two before from the entry in this diary. 
When the death of a public man is noted, there is often added a brief 
statement of his age, place of birth, his parentage and the leading events of 
his life. lie took frequent, sometimes distant journo3"s. The diary contains 
a brief journal of travel, with statistical, topogra{)hical and geographical 
notes of towns and cities he visited and of people whom he met. That 
daily record also shows how quick his e3'e was to catch the beauties of the 
world without. A rich landscape, the storm and the sunshine and the 
radiance of the moon on the beautiful expanse of the harbor, the bursting 
bud, the blooming flowers, the verdure of trees and fields, the promise of 
the summer, the condition of his vinery or his garden, the ripening of his 
grapes and plums and pears, and the ingathering of the harvest, are all 
recompensed for the delight they gave him by the faithful record when the 
day was done. We learn from the same source what books he read and 
the impression they made. This diary, it must be added, leads one who 
knew him well to wish he had known him more, and to regret that 
opportunities to cultivate so valuable an acquaintance had not been more 
faithfully improved. 

Such habits of observation and of recording impressions of what he saw 
and heard and read contributed essentially to prepare Mr. Willis for a work 
often consoling to friends, always valuable to the public. He was in a 
remarkable degree the historiographer of Portland and indeed of the state. 
Of later years scarcely an individual of any note, and, it may be said, of 
either sex, often, too, one little known beyond the neighborhood, has passed 
away, but an obituary notice has appeared, not unfrequently in the next 
issue of the press, singularly full and exact, of the parentage and life of the 
deceased. It was said of him by a former pastor, "that family trees stood 
in his ready memory from which to take, as opportunity oflrered, that which 
should instruct his fellow men." As illustrating his propensity to ascertain 
facts respecting those with whom he was associated, a gentleman of high 
standing, who was a member of the legislature when Mr. Willis was in the 
senate and was a fellow-boarder, told the writer that Mr. Willis used to 
inquire of him the age, place of birth and other particulars respecting 
members of the legislative bodies, and even requested him to obtain for him 
the information he sought, stating that it was his custom to ascertain such 
facts and make a record of them, and this gentleman thought that hardly 
two weeks of the session had passed before Mr. Willis had thus informed 
himself respecting every member of both, houses and of the governor's 
council. It needs not to be said of such a man, and yet it is pleasant to 
testify regarding the diary so often referred to, that it records nothing 

4 The Hon, William Willis. [January, 

betraying a suspicious or unfriendly spirit, or that can be accounted as 

Mr. "Willis was a constant contributor, to his last day, to the daily press, 
as well as to periodical journals of a historical character. Obituary noticos, 
as has already been stated, articles designed to promote projects of public 
utility, as that of a railroad, or a society for the relief of the poor, or a 
public dispensary, or on the passing season as contrasted or compared with 
seasons of past years, even of the preceding century, which he gathered 
from his own journal or those of the Rev. Thomas Smith and Dr. Deane, or 
notices of publications to which he wished to invite attention, or historical 
reminiscences of some old mansion which had been taken down to make 
way for the convenience or improvement of the growing city, were 
constantly appearing. 

Much might be learned of the topography, if it may be so called, of 
Portland in its early period, from the newspaper articles, "Journey from 
Montjoy to Bramhall." The disastrous conflagration of July 4, 1866, 
furnished a subject for several articles, one of them, entitled "A "Walk 
Among the Ruins," of peculiar interest, and highly valuable as a record of 
the devastation, and for the comparison which none but he could have 
drawn of that calamity with the historic event of 1775, when the town was 
bombarded and burnt by Mowatt and the British fleet. So also the visit of 
the English squadron, October, 1800, to the harbor of Portland to receive 
the Prince of Wales for his home voyage after his tour through Canada 
and the United States, gave him the opportunity to contrast in a very 
agreeable manner, in a newspaper article, the visits of the British fleets of 
1775 and 1860. Volumes of such contributions from his pen might be 
collected. In fact he had preserved a large portion of them, for his own 
purpose, in scrap-books bearing the inscription : " Newspaper Articles from 
1825," &c. 

So constantly was the public interested and instructed by communications 
with his well-known signature, that the readiness and cojDiousness of his 
resources became a perpetual surprise. One secret of this fertility is 
revealed by the public library of the city of Portland, to which Mr. Willis 
bequeathed a large portion of his library and his MSS. There may be 
seen in that depository of his treasures a folio volume of genealogical and 
biographical sketches and memoranda, containing the material, always at 
hand, of such notices of individuals as so often surprised by their prompt 
appearance and their fulness of detail. It is scarcely an exaggeration to 
affirm that no individual of prominence in the state, it might perhaps be 
added, of neighboring states, would have deceased within the last years, of 
whom those papers would not furnish a more full record of parentage and 
life than is usually given in the notices of the press. And so of his 
communications on historical and local topics. These bound volumes of his 
papers reveal the methods which ensured the remarkable breadth, minute 
accuracy of knowledge, and the faithful memory shown in them, being filled 
with extracts from old records pertaining to the history of Portland, and 
ancient Falmouth ; depositions relating to original settlers ; historical notes 
and abstracts ; land-titles and grants, plans and deeds ; in fine, entries 
concerning matters which he judged might come of use in historical, 
political, ecclesiastical or social discussions. 

With all his diligence, Mr. Willis could not have accomplished half his 
amount of important and valuable work, outside of a laborious and exacting 
profession, had he not, at an early period, formed habits of method and 

1873.] The Hon, WiUlam Willis. 5 

system ; and in this respect his diary and these volumes of manuscript afford 
an important lesson for younf,^ incn. Jt requires patience, resohition, and 
the constant pressure of a law of one's life, to make, for example, extracts 
from books of Eastern land claims, write notes and abstracts of matters of 
no immediate value, to explore mouldy and scarcely legible records, to 
decipher, as he did, and copy "inscriptions on grave-stones and monuments 
of the Eastern cemetery." Few have the patient industry for such 
drudgery. But with a remote, though uncertain end in view, he went 
througli all this toil, year after year, never wearied of such painstakinc;, and 
the pul)lic have reason to cherish his memory for his untiring fidelity to a 
laudable purpose. His care and system api)ear also from the fact, that his 
correspondence, which was so extensive, while, for example, his Law and 
Lawyers of Maine or his Genealogy of the McKinstry Family was in 
hand, is bound in one or more volumes. 

Of the more considerable comnuinications made by iMr. "Willis to our 
periodical historical literature, may be mentioned : A JJibliograj)hy of the 
State of Maine in Norton's Literary Letter^ No. 4, 1850 ; a similar one 
published after his death, on the writers, native and resident, of Maine, 
Historicdl Magazine., INIarch, 1870; A Summary of Voyages to the North 
Atlantic Coast of this Continent in the lOth Cvniwry , New-Knyland Historical 
and Gene(dof/ical Register, April, 18(JD, also for the same, an Essay on 
the Early Collections of Voyages to America; A Sketch of the Origin and 
Progress of the Maine Historical Society, Historical Magazine, Jan., 18G8; 
for the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register, a paper on the 
Early Settlers of New-Hampshire, and also a notice of Folsom's Catalogue 
of Original Documents in the English Archives relating to the Early History 
of jMaine ; an article on Titles Conferred on Americans, Historical 
Magazine, January, 1800; and two others, one. The Descent of Hon. Isaac 
Iloyall, the other on Long Pastorates, with the case of the first parish, 
Portland ; A Genealogy of the McKinstry Family, Historiccd and Genea- 
logical Register, 1850-00, of which a second edition, more full and complete, 
was printed in 18GG. 

For the L((iu Reporter he furnished reports of cases and decisions in the 
supreme judicial court of Maine, and in November, 1848, a paper on Judi- 
cial Chanires in Maine. 

Mr. Willis edited all the seven volumes of the 3faine Historical Collec- 
tions, and all but one have one or more valuable contributions from his 
industrious pen. Without more particular reference to these articles, many 
of them of great importance, we pass on to his more extended and fruitful 
labors which afford evidence of his extensive and critical researches into 
the early history of Maine ; his republication of the Journals of the Rev. 
Messrs. Smith and Deane wdth copious notes, biographical sketches, and 
an introduction, 1840 ; a new edition of his History of Portland, the first 
part of the first edition having formed a considerable portion of volume first, 
Maine Historical Collections, 1831. This new edition was published 1865, 
in one octavo volume, pp. 028, and is one of the best town or city histories 
published in the country. In 18G3, appeared History of the Law, the Courts 
and Lawyers of Maine, one vol. 8vo., pp. 712. His diary shows somewhat 
of the painstaking and labor bestowed upon this work, which for its great 
amount of material, its historic value, and the admirable judgment and taste 
in the execution of it, is in the highest degree honorable to the author and 
to the state. The first volume of the Maine Historiccd Society Collections 
having become exhausted, a new edition was issued 18G5, under his super- 

VoL. XXVII. 1* 

6 TJte Hon, William Willis. [January, 

vision, enlarged by more than one hundred pages of valuable material 
especially connected with the first part of his history of Portland, throwing 
light on obscure passages in the early history of the coast of Maine, and 
affording additional proof of his sagacious, patient and thorough research. 

The statements already made afford abundant evidence that Mr. AYillis 
possessed a generous and high toned public spirit. His journal records, 
as has been said, the interest he took in whatever promoted the welfare of 
his fellow men ; that he was ready to cooperate in any well considered 
scheme of good, from the " Charity Fund" of the congregation to which he 
belonged, or " the Benevolent Society of Portland," or the "Association for 
Pelief of Aged, Indigent Women," or the " "Widow's Wood Society," to the 
organizations formed to embrace in their charities the whole land. He was 
a model parishioner, in whom his pastor found a steadfast, discreet, judicious 
and generous friend. No charge or suspicion of a lack of the highest honor 
and purest integrity was ever attached to his name. As a citizen he was 
loyal to his heart's core. He was eminently a domestic man, and his love 
for home and kindred knew no bounds. He was also a social man ; his 
home, one of liberal and courteous hospitality ; and when he died the most 
cultivated circles of his city must have felt that a great vacuum had been 
made in their social life, and that they had suffered an irreparable loss. 

It is an interesting feature of his private record, which has been already 
referred to, that he seldom fails to notice in the Sabbath entry the religious 
services of the day, the sermons he had heard, the texts preached from, and 
often accompanied with outlines of discourse, occasionally a brief comment. 
So also of works which he read, touching on points of christian faith. 
He was for many years a most valuable church member, and decidedly 
reverential and conservative in his views and sympathies, always shrinking 
from whatever savored of a departure from his high standard of what the 
sermon and the preacher should be. The diary has the following entry. 
*' Attended a meeting of the Free Religionists, and free and loose enough 
it was. Many of the speakers freed themselves from all religion except the 
vagaries of their own minds, and certainly cut loose from Christianity and 
the authority of the Bible." He characterizes the discussion as "a course 
of negations of all the Christianity of the past." His reflections when he 
made note of his own birth-day, or the anniversary of his marriage, or the 
sickness and death of a child or friend, his meditations when he came of 
seventy, all show that he had an abiding sense of religion, of responsibility 
and a life to come. "With the last day," he writes, "of February, 18G5, I 
have reached the close of the third volume of my Journal which was 
commenced October, 1844. The many changes which twenty years have 
made, is startling when their aggregate force is contemplated. I have lost 
in that period my mother, my father, two brothers, a sister, and several 
children and grandchildren. At the age of seventy what can a man expect 
but to look back upon his path strewed with the wrecks of affections and 
friendships which he is too old to repair, and forward to privations, infirmities 
and earthly desolations which cannot be repaired, and only compensated by 
the hopes of a future being, where the temporal and evanescent is changed 
into the permanent, ever during and ever blessed." And again, under date 
of August 31, 18G8 : — "I enter to day upon my 75th year. I cannot realize 
that I have advanced so far on the journey of life, and am admonislied to 
use the time that remains for spiritual improvement and j^reparation for the 

Such a man would not be allowed to live without tokens of regard, 

1873.] ThcIIoiu William Willis. 7 

confidence tand respect from liis fellow men. For many years lie filled 
ollices involving responsibility and influence in his city, as bank director, 
president or chairman of dillerent associations, mayor of the city ; and in 
the state, a director in the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad and president 
of the board ; railroad commissioner, member of the state senate ; was 
urged to allow himself to be put in nomination for governor of Maine, but 
declined ; was an elector for president of the United States in 18G0, and 
president of the electoral college. 

His various and incessant historical labors attracted the notice of the 
leading historical societies of the country, and he was successively elected 
corres})()nding or honorary member of the Historical Societies of Massachu- 
setts, of Pennsylvania, and of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of 
Pliiladeli)hia, of the Historical Societies of Georgia, New-Hampshire, 
Vermont, Duflalo, AVisconsin, Florida, Long Lsland, of the American 
Anti(iuarian Society, and of the New- England Historic, Genealogical 
Society. Of the latter society, he was vice president from 1855 to 1859. 
In 18G7 he received from l>owdoin College the honorary degree of doctor 
of laws. The city of Portland, for whose welfare he ever manifested the 
liveliest interest, will have a constant reminder of his earnest zeal in her 
behalf by the " Institute and Public Library," of which he was the 
principal originator, and became its largest patron by his bequest of his 
library, manuscripts, scrap-books and autograph documents. 

Though for several years in feeble health, he did not falter in what had 
been the pastime, as well as the work, of his life. His pen did not rest 
until almost, literally, it fell from his hand. On the ^Monday, as is stated 
by one intimately conversant with him, previous to his death, he laid aside 
the historical papers which he was editing, to complete a biographical sketch 
of the youngest of a venerable family who had just died aged 9G years. 
The article ai)peared in the newspaper of the next day with tlie announce- 
ment: ''My declining health and strength admonish me that I must write 
no more." On Tuesday, however, he resumed labor upon his historical 
article ; but at 4 P.M., pen in hand, he became unconscious and lay in a 
swoon until 3 A.M. of Wednesday. A couch had been brought to his 
library ; upon it he reclined without distress until 9 A.M., Thursday, Feb. 
17, 1870, when he gently expired. 

Fitting notices of the event were taken by the city of which Mr. Willis 
was a prominent and distinguished citizen, by the Cumberland bar, and by 
other bodies of which he had been an associate. That which is entered on 
the records of the Maine Historical Society ^ is here annexed. 

"The members of the Maine Historical Society, in their deep sense of 
the loss sustained by the society in the decease of the late Hon. William 
Willis, LL.D., an active member almost from its beginning, and for several 
years its honored president, and feeling it to be due to his memory and 
just to themselves to place on record some fitting notice of this mournful 
event, therefore resolve : 

" That they cherish a grateful remembrance of his long, active and 
most valuable service in the interests of the society : by his important 
contributions to its memoirs ; his careful, discriminating, exact, and able 
superintendence of the first seven volumes of its Collections ; by his wise 
counsel and efiicient cooperation, throughout, in furtherance of its objects ; 
and by the reputation which his learned labors have given to the society; 

^ The resolutions passed on his death by the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society are printed in the Register, vol. xxiv. p. 429. [Editor.] 

8 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Portsmouth, N,H, [January, 

"That we deem it cause of grateful acknowledgment to the Author of 
all Good, that the society and the state have, through so long a series of 
years, been favored by his earnest and indefatigable spirit of inquiry into 
the sources of our history, and by proofs of liis diligence, skill, and success 
in developing and recording, greatly for the common good, the results of 
his varied studies regarding the general history and bibliography of the 
state, the lives of prominent citizens and professional men, and especially 
the history of his own town and city, so full of details of interest and 
importance : manifold labors continued almost to the day of his death ; 

" That, by such an eminent example of patient continuance in an 
important work, we are encouraged to renew our diligence in promoting, 
each in his measure, the valuable objects and pursuits to which our honored 
friend devoted, so generously, his time and labor." 


PORTSMOUTH, N. H., FROM 1706 TO 1742. 

Communicated by Col. Joshua W. Peirce, of Portsmouth. 

Concluded from vol. sxvi. page 380. 

Sam^ y® Son of Henry and Lydia Sloper was Born y* 6**" of July 1717 
and Dyed y^ 23^ of Aug* 1738. 

Israel True and Abigail Jackson both of Portsm" were marry ^ Jan^ y* 
V^ 1739-40. 

Nathaniel Lear of N-Castle and Temperance Peverly of Portsm° w'^ 

Eliz* y^ Daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah Roberts was Born y^ 22"^ of 
Nov' 1717. 

Mary y^ Daughter of Nath^ and Sarah Roberts was Born y^ 22^^ of June 

John Moses and Sarah Beck both of Portsm** were marry^ y® 8^ of feb^ 

Thomas Edmunds and Mary Foss both of Portsm^ were marry^ y* 
of Feby 1739-40. 

Charles Rundlet of Stratham and Mary Phillips born at Ipswitch w^ 
marry^ Feb^ 21^* 1739-40. 

William y^ Sou of W"^and Elizabeth Burnet was Born Dec' y" SO*'^ 1737. 

George y" Son of W" and Elizabeth Burnet was Born y*^ 2*^ of Feb^ 

Daniel McCleres Born at AfFeody in county of Derry in Ireland and Eliza- 
beth Tom son Born at Belle woolin in y^ county of Antrim in y^ same King- 
dom w' marry ^^ 8"' of Ap^ 1740. 

George Marshal of Portsm'' and Thankful Weeks of Greenland w"" marry^ 
y°17*^of Apri 1740. 

Joseph Miller and Abigail Moses both of Portsm" w' marry*^ May y'' 1^* 

Simon Leverit of y® Parish of Sautua in y° Island of Jersey Belonging 
to Great Brittain and Eliz* Hepworth of Portsm'' w' marry^ Ap^ 27^^ 1740. 

1873.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Portsmouth, N.H. 9 

Daniel Quick of Portsm" and Eliz" Sliackford formerly of Newington 
now of lV)rtsni" wore marry'^ June y'' 22*^ 1740. 

John M. Harvey of Durham and Sarah Clark of Portsm° w^ marry^ June 
y'>22'^ 17-10. 

James Ciiatbun Jun*" of Kittery and Bridget Knight of Portsm" w'" marry^ 
July y*-' C"^ 1740. 

Ezekiel Pitman Jun' and Eliz* Peverly both of Portsm*' were marry^ 
July l.'V" 1740. 

Eph'" Koe of Portsm" and Naomie Blake of Ilamp* w' marry^ Sep* y® 4*^ 
''Sam' Ounn and IMary Mors l)oth of Portsm" w'' marry*^ y*' 22*' Oct' 1740. 

Will. Edmunds and Mary Cross both of l^ortsm*^ were marry'^ Nov'" y^ 6^ 

Elizabeth y° Daughter of Tho' and Dorothy Crocket was Born y*^ 17**^ of 
Jan^ 171.>-1G. 

Mary y'^ Daughter of George and Eliz* Drake was Born May y^ 12*^^ 1736. 

Thomas Lang and Sarah Tinsayson both of Portsm" were marry^ Dec' 
y« 2P' 1710. 

Mark Cook born at York in Virginia and Sarah Maddin boru in Limerick 
in y^ king"' of Ireland w' marry'* Dec' 22** 1740. 

John Loud and Abigail Decker both of Portsm° w' marry** Dec' y* 24*** 

Nathaniel Furber and Sarah Underwood both of Portsm° w' marry ** Dec' 
y'' 25*'' 1740. 

Daniel Kelly and Joan Rijan both of Limerick in y*^ Kingdom of Ireland 
w' marry'' Jan^ l.V' 1740-1. 

Thomas y" Son of The' and Rebeckah Reed was Bom y^ 13*** of Aug* 

Samuel y'' Son of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed was Born y^ S^^ of Sep* 1715. 

Rebeckah y'' Daughter of Tho" and Rebeckah Reed was Born Jan^ y® 
17*'' 1717. 

Rachel y*" Daughter of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed was Born y*^ 22^ of 
May 1720. 

Love y^ Daughter of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed was Born y*^ 27**^ of Oct' 
1722. Deceased. 

Solomon y« Son of Tho' and Rebeckah Reed, was Born Feb^ 28*'^ 1725. 

Love y^ Daughter of Tho" and Rebeckah Reed was Born Sep* y^ first 

Mark y^ Son of Tho» and Rebeckah Reed was Born Aug* y^ 3** 1730. 

ye Rev'' M'. Sam' Parsons of Rye and M". Mary Jones of Boston joyn** in 
marriage covn* in Oct' y*^ 9*'' y° year 1739. 

Ebenez' Berry and Mary Kingman Joyn** in marriage Coven* in Nov' y® 
14*" 1727. 

Abigail y® Daughter of Eben' Berry and Kesiah his wife was Born in 
June y'' 21, 1719. 

Rachel y^ Daughter of Eben' and Kesiah Berry was born in Nov' y^ 13*^^ 

Lienor y*^ Daughter of Eben' and Kesiah Berry was Born Apr' y® 4*** 

Ruth y® Daughter of Eben' and Mary Berry was Born in June y'' 4**^ 1727. 

Susannah y® Daughter of Eben' and Mary Berry was Born in Dec' y® 
13*" 1730. 

10 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Portsmouth, N.H. [January, 

Marisfield y*^ Son of Eben^ and Mary Berry was Born in Aug* y" 15^ 

Simon y* Son of Eben'" and Mary Berry was Born in June y^ 4*'' 1735. 

Charity y'^ Daughter of Eben"" and Mary Berry was Born in Ap^ y^ 4"" 

Henry James and Mary Kingman Joyn*^ in marriage covn* in Sep* y® 18*^ 

Mary y^ Daughter of Jethro and Ester Goss was Born in Aug* y® IG'^ 

Sam» y^ Son of Jethro and Ester Goss Dec^ Aug* 22^ 1735. 

Levi y^ Son of Jethro and Ester Goss Dec^ Aug* y^ 18'^ 1735. 

y*^ Son of Jethro and Esther Goss Dec^ Aug* y* IS'*' 1735. 

Mary y^ Daughter of Jo' Brown and Eliz* his wife Dec^ Nov" 12"' 1736. 

Ebenz"" Marden and Ester Berry w"" marry*^ Jan^ 17'^ 1735. 

Abigail y^ Daughter of Eben' and Ester Mardin was Born Aug* y** 17*^ 

Olive y^ Daughter of Rich^ and Abigail Rand was Born July y^ ))^^ 1740. 

Joseph y® son of Ayill"" and Jane Palmer was Born y^ 8'*" of ]\Iay 1740. 

John Jennes and Ann Webster were marry*^ August y'' 27'^ 1733. 

William y® Son of John and Ann Jennes was Born June 1735. 

Mary y^ Daughter of John and Ann Jennes was Born in Nov' and Dec^ 
Nov' 1740. 

Sarah y^ Daughter of John and Ann Jennes was born Apr^ 23*^ 1737. 

Moses y^ Son of Will'" and Susana Pain was Born Apr* 10**^ 1736. 

Abigail y'' Daughter of Sam* and Abigail Sevey was Born Sep* 25'*^ 1723. 

Elizabeth y^ Daughter of WilP^ and Eliz'^ Lock was Born March f 3*^ 

Elizabeth y« Daughter of James and Eliz'' Philbrick was Born May y^ 
22^ 1739. 

Joannah y® Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Sevey was Born Aug* 21'* 

Thomas Rand and Hannah Pray were marry^ 14'*" of May 1722. 

Mary y^ Daughter of Tho' and Hannah Rand was Born y* IS^*" of Au< 



Hannah y® Daughter of Tho" and Hannah Rand was Born j"" 12 
May 1728. 

Eliz'' y^ Daughter of Tho' and Hannah Rand was Born y^ 22*'- of Ap 

Thomas y« Son of Tho' and Hannah Rand was born March y" 9"' 1732. 

Meribah y* Daughter of Tho' and Hannah Rand was Born y*= 26'*^ 
Apr* 1735. 

Ephraim y^ Son of Tho" and Hannah Rand was Born y*^ 23*^ of Marc- 
1727— [1737?] 

Ruben y*^ Son of Tho' and Hannah Rand was Born y' 7*'' of March 1739 

Mary y*= Daughter of Richard and Bial Rand was Born y^ 8"' of fcb-^ 172*' 

Nathaniel y^ Son of Rich^* and Bial Rand was Born y'^ 12'** of ]March 173; 

Mary y^ Daughter of Christopher and Deborah Schedel was Born y*= 1** 
May 1720. 

Sarah y*^ Daughter of Joshua and Ruth Rand was Born y* 30"' of Marcl 

Jobe Jennes and INIary Jennes were marry*^ 12*^' Sc])* 1735. 

Hannah y*^ l)au<;htcr of Job and INIary Jennes was Born y« lO*** Oct' 173^ 

Sam* y'* Son of Sam* and Abigail Sevey was Born y*' IH**' of May 171 1 

Sam* Sevey and Hannah Sevey were marry ^ y° 6"' of Nov' 1734. 

1873.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Portsmouth, N.H. 11 

Solomon y® Son of Sam^ and Hannah Sevey was Born y° 26*^ of feb^ 

Deborah y® Daughter of Sam^ and Hannah Sevey was Born y* 4*^ of 
Nov' 1737. 

Samuel y® Son of Sam^ and Hannah Sevey was Born y® 17*^ of Sep* 1739. 

Hannah y^ Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Sevey was Born y® 7*'' of 
June 1715. 

Elizabeth y® Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Fuller was Born y® 25*^ of 
Sept. 1740. 

Hannah y^ Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Marston was Born y® 28*^ 
of Sep*^ 172G. 

John Jennes and Eliz* Sevey w' marry'^ y^ 30^'' Nov'" 1732. 

Elizabeth y^ Daughter of John and Eliz* Jennes was Born y® 4*'' of Apr^ 

Sarah y^ Daughter of John and Eliz'' Jennes was Born y® 28*'' of Apr^ 1736. 

Mary y^ Daughter of John and Eliz'' Jennes was Born y^ 5^^ of Aug* 1738. 

Abraham y*^ Son of Jacob and Sarah Lebby was Born y^ 29*^ of Dec"" 1739. 

Jacob y^ Son of Christopher and Deborah Schedgle was Born y^ 25'^^ of 
Oct' 1736. 

Ozem y*' Son of Ozem and Elizabeth Dous was Born y® 3^ of March 1737. 

Abial y« Daughter of Ozem and Eliz"^ Dous was Born y^U^"" of Dec' 1739. 

John y« Son of Ozem and Eliz^ Dous was Born y^ 13'^ of Sep' 1730. 

Ehzabeth y*^ Daughter of Ozem and Eliz^ Dous Dec^ Sep* y" 6*^ 1730. 

Joseph Connor and Mary Sevey were marry"^ y^ 25*'' of Jan^ 1738. 

Samuel y'' Son of Joseph and Mary Connor was Born y^ 8*'' of Sep* 1739. 

Samuel y^ Son of Sam^ and Priscilla Wills was Born y« 2^ of Dec' 1735. 

Simon y« Son of Sam' and Priscilla Wills was Born y^ 11*" of May 1738. 

Deborah y^ Daughter of Sam' and Priscilla Wills was Born y^ 5*'^ of 
Oct' 1740. 

Phebe y^ Daughter of Daniel and Phebe Moulton was Born y^ 3"^ of Apr^ 

Nathan y« Son of Daniel and Phebe Moulton was Born y® 2^ of March 

Lydia y^ Daughter of Dan^ and Phebe Moulton was Born y^ 28*'' of Aug* 

Jonathan Lock and Sarah Hains were marry"^ March 2^ 1727. 

Sarah y^ Daughter of Jon'' and Sarah Lock was Born y^ 3^^ of Jan^ 1728. 

Patience y^ Daughter of Jon'^ and Sarah Lock was Born y^ lO*'' of Feb^ 

Jonathan y« Son of Jon^ and Sarah Lock was Born y^29"' of Jan^^ 1732. 

Mary y« Daughter of Jon'^ and Sarah Lock was Born f 20*'' of Sep* 1733. 

David y' Son of Jon^ and Sarah Lock was Born y« 29^'' of Aug* 1735. 

Abigail y^ Daughter of Jon'' and Sarah Lock was Born y^ 5*'' of Sep* 1736. 

William y^ Son of Jon'' and Sarah Lock was Born y^ 26*'' of July 1738. 

Marget y^ Daughter of Jon" and Sarah Lock was Born y^ 20*'' of July 

John Knowles and Sarah Moulton were marry*^ y® 1'* of Jan^ 1741. 

Elijah Lock and Hulda Perkins were marry'' March y^ 22"^ 1739. 

Hulda y^ Daughter of Elijah and Hulda Lock was Born Oct' y'' 2^ 1739. 

Ann Jennes Daughter of Joshua and Hannah Jennes was Born Aug* y^ 
8*" 1733. 

Hannah y^ Daughter of Joshua and Hannah Jennes was Born Jan^ 30*^ 

12 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Tortsmoiith, N.II. [January, 

Joshua y" Son of Joshua and Hannah Jenncs was Born Apr'y'' 7"^ 1739. 
Deliverance y'' Daugliter of Joshua and Hannah Jennes was Born Jan' 
14*^ 1741. 
Richard y*= Son of John and Sarah Lock was Born July y" 28^'* 1720. 
]Mary y*^ Daughter of John and Sarah Lock was Born Nov' y* 13'^ 1722, 
Jacob y*^ Son of John and Sarah Lock was Born Nov' y* 12'*^ 1727. 
John y*^ Son of John and Sarah Lock Dec'^ y^ 23'^ of June 1730. 
Tryphene y^ Daughter of John and Sarah Lock Dec"^ feb^ 13^** 173G. 
Abner y*^ Son of John and Sarah Lock Dec'^ Aug* 11'^ 1736. 
Mary y^ Daughter of John and Sarah Lock Dec'^ in July 173G. 
Jacob y*" Son of John and Sarah Lock Dec<^ Aug* 1736. 
Mary y' Daughter of y' Rev^ Sam^ and Mary Parsons was Born July y* 
15*^ 1740. 

Nathaniel Foss and Mole Tucker were marry*^ Oct' y« 16'^ 1740. 
Thomas y^ Son of Solomon and Eliz'' Dous DeC^ Aug* 27*^ 1735. 
Samuel y« Son of Solomon and Eliz"^ Dous Dec^ Aug* 19*^ 1735. 
Abial y" Daughter of Solomon and Eliz^ Dous Dec'^ Aug 24*^ 1735. 
Sarah y*' Daughter of Solomon and Eliz*^ Dous was Born Jan^ 19"* 1729 
Solomon y*^ Son of Solomon and Eliz^ Dous Dec^ Nov' 13*^ 1735. 
Elizabeth y" Daughter of Solomon and Eliz"^ Dous Dec^ Nov' 19**^ 1735 
Rachel y^ Daughter of Solomon and Eliz^ Dous was Born Aug* 1"* 1735 
Thomas y' Son of Solomon and Eliz'^ Dous was Born Aug* y* 28*^ 1724 
Samuel y^ Son of Solomon and Eliz'' Dous was Born March 26^^ 1726. 
Abial y^ Daughter of Solomon and Eliz"^ Dous was Born Sep* 24^*^ 1727 
Solomon y*^ Son of Solomon and Eliz^ Dous was Born May 23*^ 1728. 
Elizabeth y^ Daughter of Solomon and Eliza Dous was Born Jan^ 11" 

1732. ^, 

Nathaniel y*^ Son of Jon* and Hepsibah Marden was Born March y* ll*' 


Jonathan y^ Son of Jon'' and Hepsibah Marden was Born Oct* y^ 9*^ 1 / 32 
Timothy y^ Son of Jon* and Hepsibah Marden was Born Aug* 28*^ 173' 
Joseph y" Son of Jon* and Hepsibah Marden was Born March 22*^ 173; 
Nathaniel y" Son of Jon* and Hepsibah Marden Dec*^ Dec' 7*^ 1735. 
Simon y« Son of Sam^ and Rachel Dous was Born Sep* 27*^ 1730 an 

Dec^ Oct' 26*^ 1734. 

Mary y" Daughter of Sam^ and Rachel Dous was Born May y^ 8*^* 172 
Wallis Foss and Mary Dous w' marry^ Jan^ 25*'» 1739. 
Samuel y' Son of Wallis and Mary Dous was Born Oct' 25*^ 1739. 
Joseph y*^ Son of Simon and Deliverance Knowles was Born Dec' 13 


Samuel y" Son of Jethro and Ester Goss was Born Aug* 21"* 1/28. 
i Levi y^ Son of Jethro and Ester Goss was Born feb^ S'^ 1735. 

I Ester y*^ Daughter of Jethro and Ester Goss was Born feb^ 5*^ ^"^'^:. , 

Sarah y'' Daughter of Jethro and Ester Goss was Born June y*" 12*^* 17;] 

Ruth y"-* Daughter of Ebenezer Berry and Mary his wife Dec^ Sep* 10 

Ik'nj" y" son of Eben' and Kesiah Berry Dec'^ Sep* 20*'^ l<3o. 

Kcsiah y^' Daughter of Eben' and Kesiah Berry Dec'^ Sep* 13*^ 1735. 

Eben' y" Son of Eben' and Kesiah Berry Dec*^ Nov. 3^ 1735. 

Joseph Lock and Hannah Jennes w' marry^ Dec' 4*'* 1739. 

Ezekiel y'" son of John and JNIary Lane was Born July y'^ 4**^ 

IMary y"'Daug]iter of John and Sarah Pain was Born July y*' 4*^ 1736. 

Christian y*^ Daughter of John and Sarah Pain was Born May y" 3*^ 17 I 

1873.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Portsmouth, N.H, 13 

Hannah y^ Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Lock was Born Nov"" y® 8** 

Jonathan Moulton son of Rob* and Lucy Moulton of Hamt°° Dec^ May 
y^ 22 1735. 

Mary y*" Daughter of Sam^ and Abigail Sevey was Born Apr^ 25*^ 1721. 

Mehitable y^ Daughter of Sam^ and Abigail Sevey was Born Ocf 21'* 1729. 

Jonathan y'^ son of Sam^ and Abigail Sevey was Born feb^ 2^ 1732. 

Moses y^ son of Sam^ and Abigail Sevey was Born Jan^ 30"' 1735. 

Eliza y*^ Daughter of Ithamar and Mary Sevey was Born June 10*^ 1737. 

Moses y^ son of Sam^ and Abigail Sevey Dec*^ Sep* 4'^ 1730 [1739?]. 

Sarah y^ Daughter of Ozena and Eliz'' Dous was Born Sep* 23*^ 1725. 

Comfort y® Daughter of Ozem and Ehz'' Dous was Born Aug* 21'* 1731. 

Mary y° Daughter of Ozem and Eliz^ Dous was Born Ocf 20"" 1734. 

Moses Caverly, Jun"" of Portsm^ and Plannah Johnson of was 

narry^ March y^ 12*^ 1740-1. 

John Swain and Myriam Banfill both of Portsm^ were marry^ March y^ 
L7*^ 1740-1. 

John Churchill and Mary Noble both of Portsm° were marry^ Apr^ 9*'' 

David Decker and Unice Place both of Portsm^ were marry "^ Apr^ y^ 9'^ 

William Cotton and Ester Babb both of Portsm" w'^ marry^ Mav y^ 6*'' 

Tho' Sevey and Sarah Cotton both of Portsm° w'" marry^ June y^ 25'^ 

William Broton and Abigail Loud both of Portsm" were marry*^ July y^ 
19*'^ 1741. 

Peter Miller and Eliz^ Trickey both of Portsm^ w'' marry^ July y^ 28*^ 

Ab™ Chapman and Eliz*^ Ellis were marry*^ Sep* y° IG*^ 1741. 

Sam^ Cate of Greenland and Mary AYhite of Portsm° w*" marry*^ Oct^ IS*"" 

Alex"" Callwel of y° County of Antrim in y° Parish of Clough in Ireland 
md Margret Macgregore of Londonderry in N-Hamp^ w"" marry^ Nov. 4*'' 

Humphry Furnell and Dorothy Simes both of Portsm" were marry^ the 
bird of December 1741. 

Love Roberts and Mary Roberts both of Dover were marry "^ Dec"" 9*** 

Samuel Row and Susannah Benson both of Portsm*^ were marry*^ Dec' 
.0*^ 1741. 

Samuel Huntris and Mary Colman both of Newington w'" marry^ Jan^ 
4*h 1741-2. 

Jonathan Trickey of Newington and Abigail Miller of Portsm^ w*" marry '^ 
any 1741-2. 

Joseph Lebby and Margret Abbit both of Portsm'' w'" marry"^ feb^ 23** 

Isaac Miller and Mary Tomson of County of Derry In the Parish of 
)unbo in y*^ kingdom of Ireland now of Portsm" w'" marry'^ March 9"' 1741-2. 

Joshua Bickford and Mary Wiscomb both of Portsm° were marry^ March 
O*'' 1742. 

Abigail y^ Daughter of Gershom and Mary Griffith was Born March y® 
1*^ 1741-2. 

Vol. XXYII. 2 

14 Letters and Journal of Col John May. [January, 


Communicated by the Rev. Richard S. Edes, of Bolton, Mass. 

Certain curious and valuable papers, dating back to 1788 and earlier, 
very interesting in a historical point of view, have recently come into the 
possession of the writer. They present, in a striking manner, the marked 
contrasts which exist between matters and things as they were then and as 
they are now. They are the MS. journal kept by Col. John May, of 
Boston, during a journey to the "Ohio Country" (then so called), and such 
letters of his as have escaped destruction ; written, some of them, consi- 
derably earlier than the date above mentioned, when he was serving in 
Rhode Island, under the Count de Rochambeau, in one of the revolutionary 
armies, or was in business in Boston; or later, when in 1789 he made 
another visit to the " Ohio Country." 

Our limits Avill not allow us to attempt a description of that country, as 
it was then, constituting as it did a portion of " the region bounded by the 
Ohio, the Mississippi, the Great Lakes and Pennsylvania, organized as the 
Northwest Territory." Such of our readers as would inquh-e more 
curiously we must refer to Pioneer History of the First Examination of the 
Ohio Valley and Early Settlement of the N, W. Territory, to Biographical 
and Historical Memoirs of the Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, both by S. 
P. Ilildreth, and both published under the auspices of the Ohio Historical 
Society ; and to other similar works, if any such there be. The Ohio Land 
Company was organized and carried on chiefly by New-England men. 
The chief manager of the enterprise was Gen. Rufus Putnam,' to whom jj 
references are not unfrequent in the journal. 

Col. John May was a descendant of an ancestor of the same name (born 
in England 1590, died 1G70, admitted freeman in 1G41), who migrated to 
this continent about 16-40, witli wife and two sons, John and Samuel, and 
settled in Roxburv, where the fiunily subsequently became numerous, and 
owned considerable real estate. After a while, feeling too crowded possi- 
bly, some of its younger members migrated to Connecticut, and settled in 
modstock, Pomfret, and other towns. From one of these Connecticut 
immigrants, who lived in Pomfret, Col. John was descended. He did not 
long "i-emain in his native home, however, but, when quite a lad, came to 
Boston; and, f-imily tradition says, served an apprenticeship with Col. 
Ephraim May, of whom he was a relative. Moreover, leaving his country- 
home and coming to town, he could not, if family tradition is to be trusted, 
keep out of mischief, for on the night of the notable destruction of tea in 
Bos'ton liarbor the condition of liis shoes furnished pretty good evidence of 
where lie had been. Subsequently, established in business for himself, in 
177a, he married Abigail May, a descendant (but not in the same genera- 

1873.] Letters and Journal of Col. John May. 15 

;ion with aforesaid Joliii) of Ebenezek, an older brotlier of his father's ; 
and by her he had a large family, of which a word presently. His life was 
mainly passed in Boston, though he lived some years in Portland, Me., 
where two or three of his children were born. From 1785 to 18U5 he was 
one of the fire-wardens of lioston, and from 1804 to 1812, when he died, 
one of the selectmen. Oct. 11, 1778, he was commissioned as adjutant, 
with the rank of captain, in the "l>oston Reg't of iMilitia," and, afterward, 
successively, major, lieut.-colonel and colonel. The date of the last commission 
was Jan. 19, 1787, and was signed by James Bowdoin, governor, and John 
7Vvery, secretary. In a letter from Gov. Bowdoin to Gen. Washington, 
dated A{)ril 2, 1788, apparently one of introduction, the former writes of 
VaA. May: "lie distinguished himself in the service of the United States at 
IJhode Island, under the Count do Kochambeau;" and remarks further: "By 
jiis exertions the 15oston Keg't of Militia, of , which he is Colonel, is esteemed 
in regard to appearance and discipline at least equal to any regiment of 
militia on the continent." 

As mentioned above, Col. May died in 1812. In the issue of the 
Coluuihlan Centinel of Saturday, July 15, 1812, we lind the following: 
" Died on Thursday, John IMay, Esq. aged 08. By the death of Col. IMay 
this town is deprived of a judicious and faithful ollicer, and the public of an 
active, useful, and benevolent citizen. To his family the loss is irreparable. 
Ilis funeral took place yesterday, attended by the Selectmen, Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery, &c." By his marriage with Abigail (oldest daughter 
of Sanmel and Abigail (Williams), born 1754, died 1.S21), Col. John ]\Iay 
was brother-in-law to Col. Joseph jMay (born 17G(>, and died Feb. 27, 1841), 
at one time commander of the Boston Cadets, and of Samuel May, Esq. 
(born 177G, and died February, 1870). A line portrait of him (Col. John), 
clad in the military garb of the day, said to be an excellent likeness, is in 
the possession of his only surviving child Augusta (No. 1 Decatur street). 

A word or two of the family lie left. Two of his sons, the oldest and the 
youngest, Frederick (II. U. 1792), M.D., and George Washington (II. U. 
1810), M .D., settled in Washington, D. C. ; Jolm passed a })art of his 
life at Cape Town, Southern Africa ; Henry Knox, wharfinger, in Boston ; 
and William Kufus, seaman and farmer, in Pomfret. Of the daughters, 
Catharine Cravath married Henry Edes (II. U. 1799), D.D., minister of 
the First Cong. Society in Providence, from 1805 to 1832; and Sophia, the 
late Edward Tuckerman, merchant in Boston ; while the two youngest, 
Mary Dave/iport and Charlotte Augusta, ladies of much active benevolence, 
and well known for their hospitalities and charities, continued single, and 
passed the most of their lives in their native city. .The last named still 

Any one who will consult the records of the town of Boston will see 
that Col. May was much interested, and very active, in attempting to 
procure a marginal road, or street, from the north end (where for many 
years he lived) to Roxbury line : — an endeavor of which he did not live to 
witness the success ; but which, passed on to the hands of his son, the late 
II. K. May, was pushed by him, with the aid of others, until he was 
rewarded at length, not exactly in the shape he sought, but in those fine 
thoroughfares. Commercial street and Atlantic avenue, the last of which he 
lived to see hardly so much as begun. 

We turn our attention now to the extracts. The first will be from the 
letters: from one (omitting unessential parts), dated Boston, March 31, 
1779, and addressed to Mr. Lemuel Cravath, merchant, Baltimore (a 

16 Letters and Journal of Col. John May, [January, 

brother-in-law), and showing in a vivid manner the condition of things at 
the time it was written. 

"Your order given me at Worcester, the 8th of March, I cannot obey 

* * * * cannot procure a team for your purpose * * ^ * cannot find 
anybody that durst come alone. If there were two loads of goods I believe 
I might find teams to bring them, by paying 25 hun.'^. dollars to each team, 
for the journey out and in ; but I have almost despaired of getting a single 

team at any price. Your friend G is so frightened that he wont come 

at any rate. My last hopes are on trial. I have yesterday agreed with a 
young man from Sudbury to perform the journey ; but he has to make his 
father willing first, which, I fear, he wont be able to do * * "^ * So 
busy of late that I have not inquired much into the price of English goods 

* # =^ # ^^ informed by some gentlemen that deal in them that goods 
have risen, within these three weeks, 15 per cent =* =^ * =* Engaged a 
frame for you, together with mine, 44 ft. square, about 29 tons timber, 
together with about 200 ft. ranging timber, and 6000 ft. oak joist, for which 
I am to pay £600 =^ =^ =* * Am tired out, sick of every thing. Love to 
mistress Cravath. Mrs. May has gone to bed with little Jackey, who is 
quite sick. In the morning, she will write to her sister, if the little boy 
will let her." The wife writes a long P. S. the next morning, an extract 
from which we transcribe. " Heard from Worcester yesterday. All well. 
Expect them along as soon as the roads are settled." 

Our next extract will be from a letter dated " Camp Butt's Hill, Oct. 
10th, 1780," a time when he was engaged in active campaigning life, and 
was Major in " the Boston Reg't." 
"My dear. 

In yours of Oct. 1st you ask me how I do, and how I found the friends 
of my little circle? whether they were glad to see me, &c. The first 
question I answered you by Mr. More, before it was asked, in a letter dated 
Sd inst., and I now assure you that, if looks and actions don't lie, my friends 
were exceedingly glad to see me. They met me some rods off with loud 
peals and acclamations. You inform me that report says my late command 
to Boston was contrary to General Orders ; and that the ofiicer who gave 
me the command was put under arrest on account of it. That he was put 
under arrest soon after I left the island is true ; but not on account of the 
command he gave me, but on account of a letter he wrote the General, the 
next day after I left this place. =*=*=* ^ The good fortune I met with 
while I was in Boston, with respect to provisions and money, occasioned a 
general joy through the camp, amongst oflicers and men. Col. Thayer, the 
bearer of this, is honored with a like command, and I wish he may have as 
good success. If the rulers of the State of Massachusetts Bay were as 
good as their word, we should not have occasion to send to them at this 
time. We have but twenty-one days to tarry here, but fiimine seems to 
stare us in the face. I could give you particulars, but I never was fond of 
telling all. It may suffice to say, that we have one day's rations of Indian 
meal on hand — no meat, no wood, no sauce &c * * * * Before I go 
aiiy further I nuist tell you I have been, I am now, sick with a stupifying 
cold * * * '* Am exceedingly glad the little cubs are better. Hope their 
health, as well as tlie others and yours, may be continued ; and that, in due 
time, I may be returned to you all again, in health and safety. Meanwhile 
believe nie to be inialterably yours, «!i:c." 

Of the nearly eight years following the date of the letter above given 

] 873.] Letters and Journal of Col. John May. 17 

'lot a scrap of tlie correspondence, to tlie knowledge of the writer of tin's, 

;nains. The next letter which has been preserved is one dated Pittsburi;, 
7lh May, 1788, which gives his impressions of that place and the surrounding 
ivgion. We do not refer to it, however, at present more particularly, but 
turn to the journal, the first date of which is April 14, 178S. Under what 
I licumstances he made his entries in this, Col. May himself explains, when 
being some where in Pennsylvania, on his return home, he says: — 
"Whoever may chance to read this journal will certainly find many errors. 
To apologize for wliich must say, it was written at all sorts of times and 
places, and amongst all sorts of people and kinds of confusion. Where I 
am now penning the record of this day's doings, there are seven pairs of 
Dutch men and women in high glee, all talking and yelling together; and 
although when I began to write I intended to mind my own business, yet 
they made such a hellish noise and confusion that the tympanum of my ear 
is ({uite loose, I feel almost addled, and must even quit, and go to bed." 

To show in what manner he journeyed, what were the facilities and 
accommodations for travellers, and to indicate somewhat the manners and 
customs of the period, we give the first two or three entries in the journal 

"On Monday, the 14th day of April, 1788, having arranged my matters 
at home [Boston] in the best manner I was able, I left them in the 
immediate care of my brother Joseph May. At G o'clock in the morning 
I set out from home [on horseback] in company with Lieut. Mull and 
Walter Tufts, wdio is my orderly, on a tour to the Ohio Country; and about 
sunset arrived safe at Providence. Lod<red at Dafjirett's tavern. 

"Tuesday, 15th. Mounted our horses at G in the morning, and with great 
industry reached Windham at 8 o'clock in the evening. Were obliged to 
cross the Quinnebogue in a scow, the bridge having been carried away. 

"Wednesday, IGth. Left Windham ^ before G o'clock in the morning, 
and after travelling through a tremendous hilly country, viz. Lebanon 
Creek, Moulton, etc. arrived at »3 o'clock at Hartford. Found the 
Connecticut river exceedingly high, which hindered us an hour. Dined at 
Bull's, then went on and slept at Fuller's, a very good house, but the 
landlord has more tongue than brains. After I went to bed he stood over 
me with three lighted candles in his right hand, near twenty minutes, telling 
a story of no consequence. 

"Thursday, r7th. Mounted our horses at 6 o'clock. Rode 12 miles to 
breakfast through a pleasant country. After breakfast met numbers of 
i:)eople going to meeting in their old clothes, it being Fast Day. We were 
accosted by some sort of Sunday officer with ' what makes you ride Fast 
Days.?' which I returned with a look that told him it was none of his 
business, and kept my horse under way. Dined at New Haven. Stopt at 
Fairfield this afternoon. We crossed an arm of the sea on a bridge nearly 
as long as the Charlestown (old) bridge, and within two miles crossed 
another nearly the same length. We had to ride in the evening, and met 
with many difficulties by reason of cross roads and the ignorance of the 
people. We at last arrived at Penfield." 

After arriving, wdth his attendants, in New- York city, he " waited 
on Col. Richard Hatt" (or Hyatt?), treasurer of the O. C. ; he also 
visited the " Congress Chamber," and saw pictures of their Majesties the 
King and Queen of France, — with which he seems to have been much 
impressed, particularly with the fact that "the hall is not high enough to 
receive their crowns," remarking that this fact "perhaps presages their 

Vol. XXVII. 2* 

18 Letters and Journal of Col. John May, [January, 

doom," &c. &c. We find him Thursday, April 24, "lodged in Philadelphia, 
at the sign of the Connastago Wagon " [" the trade much diminished, but 
the city much enlarged by building, the people proud and extravagant, but 
grumbling about the times. Two sets of ladies in this city: — one that is 
sensible and dresses neatly, another of fools, who show it in their dress. I 
have seen a head dress at least three feet across. Their hair frizzled in^ a 
frightful manner"]; and on the 25th, "arrived at Christiana." At this 
place, putting himself in posture to salute a lady and gentleman whom he 
met, his " horse began to take the hint, and bow and stumble," until at 
length he fell, and "both came down together." On which he remarks, 
next day, " feel the effects of complimenting, shall avoid it in future." 

Crossing the Susquehannah, dining at Havre de Grace, where he is much 
astonished at the quantity of alewives taken in a seine, and after being out 
in a severe rain-storm, we find him on April 27th, " arrived at Baltimore, 
at Staruks (or Starrick's), sign of the Indian Queen." Here some business 
(the nature of which we have been unable to discover) relating to th.e lieut. 
colonel of the regiment of which he was then, or had recently tjeen, colonel, 
engages his attention. But he evidently is not a man, as he remarks of 
himself elsewhere, who " likes to tell all : " so he merely says, in a quiet 
way, "attended to some particular business which I settled to my mind," 
and dismisses the subject. 

Thursday, 29th, at llj o'clock, A.M., though "much urged to tarry till 
Thursday, to celebrate the adoption of the new federal constitution by the 
State of Maryland," he remounted his horse and " stood for the wilderness 
of the Western World." Every thing about him is unlike what he had 
seen before. He is evidently profoundly impressed and delighted with the 
magnificent mountain country through which he soon begins to pass (much 
of it doubtless the same in which our armies were euoao-ed during the 
recent w^ar). The journal abounds with passages in which, in his own terse 
and quaint phraseology, along with references to the rough and sometimes 
comical adventures of the wild region through which he is journeying, are 
mingled descriptions, showing that he looked on the scene with something 
the eye of an artist, and with feelings not unlike those of a poet. But 
where there is so much of interest it is difficult to make selections. We 
therefore leap over pages relating to "sons of Alleghana" (mountains), 
" Dutch landlords," fording rivers, " bridges not being in fashion," floods of 
water, not to be passed in any other way " but through them," experiencing 
constantly, as is plain enough to see, " much rainy weather and abominable 
roads," but encountering all these various difficulties in a spirit which is well 
enoufjh shown in the remark with w^hich he introduces the record of a 
particularly trying day, viz. : that " the reality did not seem as bad as we 
expected, having always remarked that it is best to begin a tedious job in the 
morning, when man and beast are fresh : " omitting all this and much more, 
we take him up again as we find him. May 5th, after dining at Simmerell's, 
on the Yohogany, sleeping at Clark's, on the Monongahela ; and remarking 
that, at the former place, " they used every stratagem to detain us all night, 

and perhaps as long as was Gen'l P , wdio tarried at tliis place two 

montlis. They said it was better boating from this river than from the 
Mononghaela ; but they are Irish palaverers, and the truth is not in them." 
Chirk's, it appears, was at Elizabeth's Town, 14 miles from Pittsburg by 
land, 22 by water. While waiting here for a wagon lie was expecting, he 
gets his linen and stockings washed and goes a-gunning ; kills gray and 
black scjuirrels ; finds the river abounding with tish, — cat, perch, pike. 

1873.] Litters and Journal of Col, John May. 19 

buffalo and sturgeon ; and another " terrible fish, if such he may be called, 
named an alligator, 18 inches long, with large flat head something like a 
liull-frog, four legs of the bigness of a gray squirrel's, and tail 5 inches 
Jong, of a sickly ash color, and spiteful as the devil." 

On the 7th May, Wednesday, he records, "I stopt a boat (one of the 
kind called Kentucky boats, something between a scow and a boat of the 
common construction, slightly covered at the stern end) bound for New 
Orleans, and agreed with the })rincipal to carry me, my people, and efi'ects 
to Pittsburg, for $5." The next day, somewhere near Pittsburg, he writes, 
"A very agreeable pleasant situation where I have taken quarters * * * * 
room with bed to myself, a large store for the baggage and the people to 
lodge in, together with a kitchen to cook in : all at the very moderate price 
of Is. Gc?. per day." * =^ * * "Pittsburg is in plain sight, at half a mile 
distance, an irregular i:)oorly built place * ^ * * subject to frequent 
alarms from the savages of the wilderness, situation, however, agreeable, 
and the soil good." The "gentlemen directors of the Ohio Company," 
whom he was expecting to see, being at the time away at another place, he 
was detained here for a- few days, his "i)eoi)le catching fish of large size, 
cooking and eating being the chief business." A poor fellow being 
drowned, while he was waiting here, and the body swept away in the 
current, he noticed among the " Dutch wagglopers," a strange custom, of 
which he thus speaks: "They took the shirt which the drowned man had last 
})ulled off, put in a whole loaf of good new bread, weighing 4 lbs. in it, and 
tied up at both ends." This was thrown into the water where the man fell 
in, and suffered to float off vf\i\\ a line and tackle attached to it. "This," 
they said, "would swim till it came over the body, and then sink." The 
body was found a few days after, but had " left the shirt and provisions 

While in Pittsburg and its neighborhood, the place was visited by a 
number of Indians, of whom he " cannot say he is very fond * =* * * 
frightfully ugly, and a pack of thieves and beggars ;" and, — "Genl. Putnam 
being down the river, and some think arrived safe at Muskingum," so that 
he cannot have the consultation with him for which he appears anxious, — 
he whiles away the time and amuses himself with visiting the coal mines, 
shooting wild turkeys, rambling over the adjoining country, watching the 
number of " Kentuck boats " that pass, — " twenty souls to a boat, and a 
great number of bodies without souls ; " dining at Capt O'Harray's, — 
a very elegant dinner ; tea-drinking at Col. Brittler's ; visiting the field 
where Braddock, the British general, was defeated in the French and 
Indian war of '5G, where he finds the "bones of the slain plenty on the 
ground," &c. &c. 

At last, with his " patience much worn ; " " this terrible delay in the midst 
of sowing time making him unhappy ; " after employing himself and people 
some days in making axe-helves, hoe-handles, and preparing sundry other 
tools; striving, meantime, "to act the philosopher, to keep his feelings to 
himself, and not let the people know he feels in the least uneasy ; " he finds 
a measure of relief, and embarks himself, with effects, in a boat forty-two 
ft. long, twelve wide, with cover, and drawing two and a half ft. of water. 
But, poor man, was ever one so tried ? It continues to rain twenty -four 
hours steadily ; " roads intolerably nasty, so that it is next to impossible to 
move in them ; " and the river rises just as rapidly as it had fallen before. 
In the midst of all this, " when all things seem to be against him," Gov. St. 
Clair arrives, and he must pay him a visit of ceremony. He has now been 

20 Letters and Journal of Col. John May, [January, 

forty clays from Boston, and has seen only eight days of good fair weather ; 
can sleep but little, owing to dogs, " two to a man, seventeen of these 
wide-throated sons of bitches at his quarters, every night at about 11 or 12 
beginning to yell, and other dogs in Pittsburg echoing back with great 
vehemence." " However, on Saturday, May 24:th, wrapped in his cantsloper, 
he pays his respects to Gen. St. Clair, " was received very graciously," and, 
after tarrying an hour, embarked on board the big boat, which had, mean- 
time, gone about a mile down the river. "At 12^ o'clock cast off our fasts, 
and committed ourselves to th6 current of the Oliio * =^ =^ * scene 
beautiful * =^ =>*= =^ without wind or waves, insensibly make more than 5 
miles an hour." So, in due time, we find him at Wheeling, where he 
»' purchases more cows and calves and other necessaries," was kindly 
received by Mrs. Lanes (her husband gone to convention), at whose house 
he "drank tea of an excellent quality, with fine bread and butter and 
radishes ; " and at half past eight in the evening he " again commits himself 
to the waters of the beautiful river." This time to encounter ^ terrific 
thunder storm, which he appears to have watched with intense enjoyment 
and enthusiasm. " My turn to stand at the helm during this hour ^ * * * 
The scene so grand, the sounds and echoes so various, that I could not go 
in, but kept up five hours, minding the helm, with one man to look out 
forward, and four to row. We moved on still as night. In the thick forest 
on either hand was to be heard the howling of savage beasts, the whooping 
of one kind of owl and the screaming of another, while, every now and 
then, would come a burst of thunder. The nos^elty of the situation, with 
all its peculiarities, kept my imagination awake. I must confess it was one 
of the grandest nights in all my experience." Farther on he says, "It 
would take the pen of a Harvey to describe these beauties of landscape 
rising above landscape, constantly attracting the eye ^ =^ * * passing by 
one lovely island after another — floating tranquilly at ihQ rate of 4 J miles 
the hour." 

On Monday, May 2Gth, at three o'clock, P.M., " we arrived safely on the 
banks of the delightful Muskingum [his destination]. Tuesday was spent 
in reconnoitring the spot where the city [afterwards Marietta] is to be laid 
out, which he finds " to answer the best descriptions he has heard of it." 
He is much struck with the appearance of the old ruins =^ * =* * of 
great extent -* ^ '^ * how many ages since inhabited none can tell 
:* 4^ # * ^rees growing out of them appearing as ancient as the rest of 
the wilderness * * =* * traces of art in difierent parts." 

Having now landed our hero, if we may be permitted to call him so, at 
his destination, limited space will compel us to hurry him through the 
adventures of the summer, till, as the fall advances, he sets his f^xce towards 
Boston again, and takes up the wearisome journey thitherward. 

Little is done toward the plantation, he thinks : a good deal of time and 
money misspent. The Indians thereabout appear friendly enough, but 
" they are a set of creatures not to be trusted." Gen. Putnam tells him 
" there have been several parties here since his arrival." One day he dines 
with Gen. Ilarmer, and has an elegant dinner which he quite minutely 
describes. Another day goes to see INIajor Doughty's gardens, " as well 
filled with necessaries and curiosities as most gardens in Boston." 

On Wednesday, IMay 28th, went with others " to survey the Ten Acre 
Lots ; and drew for them in the evening." " Col. Sprout drew No. i> ; 
Vernon, 10; May, 11 ; Sargent, 12; Parsons, L']; &c." They soon hear 
of Indian hostilities, though^hc Indians arc frequently there, seem to be on 

1873.] Letters and Journal of CoL John May, 21 

friendly terms, and lie lias shaken hands with some of them. Boats arrive 
with olficers and soldiers, to the number of about one hundred. A Mr. 
White, M. C. from North Carolina, appears on the scene, also Major Corlis 
and Col. Olney from Providence. The work of clearing land commences, 
and tlie soil opens delightfully. Venison is common enough. Thunder 
gusts are frequent, and come up with great rapidity ; and the river rises in 
rather an astonishing fashion. He has killed two lizards, a copper-head, 
very spiteful, and a large and long black snake ; but he has not seen a 
rattlesnake, and does not think snakes are very numerous.' Ou Sunday, 
June 8th, there being no preaching, with Generals Parsons, Putnam, 
Vernon, Colonels Sprout, Battelle, Meigs, Major Sargent and Mr. Rice, he 
embarks on board Gen. llarmer's barge, and goes to that gentleman's to 
dine ; where, from the description, they had a most luxurious dinner. They 
spent the afternoon there, drank tea, then crossed the river back again, and 
went to rest. 

After directing the clearing of the land, some weeks or more, he begins 
to feel the effects of some sort of poison he has encountered, and subse- 
quently has a good deal of trouble from it. However, neither this, nor 
anything else, appears to discourage him more than for a moment ; no, nor 
the dissensions and disputes and exhibitions of bad faith, which, in a land 
of adventurers like tliis, brought together from the four points of the 
compass, must inevitably spring up. He keeps steadily at work, clearing 
the land, living and sleeping on board his vessel, moored to the bank, and 
preparing to put up a frame house which is getting ready : — the weather 
terribly hot, and rains very frequent. 

On Monday, June 1 Gth, he receives his first package of letters from home 
* # * # u ygpy acceptable indeed," — but, pleased as he is, " too busy to 
make lengthened remarks." 

Some arrangements begin to be made for a treaty with the Indians. 
Two large keel-boats arrive with a quantity of merchandize " for use in the 
treaty," and go up the Muskingum, about sixty miles, to the forks, to make 
preparations to build a council-house, &c., and the commissions of Judges 
Parsons and Vernon are read, " also Regulations for the government of the 
people. In fact By-laws were much wanted. Officers were named to 
command the JMilitia, guards to be mounted every evening, all males to 
appear under arms every Sunday." 

Sunday, June 22nd, was the day set to determine the rank of officers who 
are to do military duty in IMuskingum, as follows: — "Col. Crary, 1st Com.; 
Col. May, 2nd; Col. Battelle, 3d; Lt. Col. Stacy, 4th; Lt. Col. Oliver, 5th; 
Major Phillips, Gth ; Capt. Rice, 7th. I had the honor to act as Adjutant 
Gen. and Sec'y too, and was all day busy making and presenting reports, &c." 

Sickness begins to appear ; some of the men complain of aches and pains ; 
is himself full of rumbling pains, and his limbs drag after him ; and he goes 
about " grunting ; " but " often seizes an axe in order to stir his blood, as 
well as to stimulate others." 

Saturday, June 29th. "Mighty in digging cellar, 21x18 ft, 7 ft. deep, 

through a soil of reddish color, mixed with fine sand. Finds Dr. M 

out of provisions, and no money. Took pity on him, and took him into my 
family tho' it was quite large enough before. Put powder-horn and shot 
bag on him, a gun into his hand, with a bottle of grog by his side, and told 
him to live in my cornfield, and keep off squirrels and crows." 

July 1st, news came to the colony of a threatening character: two parties 
of Indian warriors on the war-path, and extra precautions rendered 

22 Letters and Journal of Col. John May. | January, 

necessary. But, notwithstanding all alarms, flitigues, sicknesses, Tvlien the 
4th arrives, it finds the colonists all ready for a grand celebration. A table 
60 ft. long is laid, an excellent oration is delivered by Judge Vernon, and a 
salute, with cannon, of fourteen ^uns is fired. Notwithstandinij a heavv 
shower, which lasted half an hour, and drenched their table, they succeeded 
in rescuing the chief of their provisions, though injured materially ; and, 
when the sky cleared up, laid their table again ; and, undaunted by a second 
shower, put the thing through : — patriotically and gallantly drinking 
thirteen toasts, among which were: — 1. The United States. 6. The new 
Federal Constitution. 7. General AVashington, and the Society of Cin- 
cinnati. 8. His Excellency Gov. St. Clair, and the "Western Territory. 
12. The amiable partners of our lives. 13. All mankind. " Pleased with 
the entertainment we kept it up till after 12 at night, then went home (in 
what condition tradition deponeth not) to bed ; and slept soundly till 


We are troubled, in looking over this, journal, with what to omit rather 
than with what to select. We have already occupied so much space, we 
must necessarily overleap large portions. On the 9th, Gov. St. Clair arrives 
at the garrison, and is received with a salute of fourteen guns. On the 
11th all the people of Col. May are at work on his house, a rather nicer 
one, it would appear, than those usually built at such times and places ; and 
his reasons for building such a house he proceeds to give at some length. 
He says of it, ''it is 36 x 15, and 15 ft. high, a good cellar and drain under 
it, and the first [of the kind] built in Marietta." 

17th. " Waited on the Governor, with Col. Sprout and Mr. Fearing, 
with answer to his address. Had a gracious reception. After returning, 
spent afternoon in reconnoitring the country — the fourth time of doing so." 
On Sunday, 20th, the first religious service was held. A large number of 
people assembled. Mr. Daniel Breck preached, and made out pretty well. 
The singing excellent. We had 'Billings' to perfection. Gov. St. Clair 
much pleased with the whole exercise." 25th, visiting his house, which 
after an illness, he " crept up to see," he set to work glazing the windows, 
and is gratified to find eighty quarries of glass he packed in Boston whole. 
August 1st. Begun to knock the boat to pieces to furnish boards for the 
house. August 2nd, after an interview with " Old Pipes, Chief of the 
Delaware Nation, dressed and acting like the offspring of Satan," and after 
being much disturbed in his rest by an Indian pow-wow, which lasted till 
the hour of rising, he relieves himself as follows : " I have no doubt that 
psalmody had its origin in heaven, but my faith is just as strong that the 
music of these savages was first taught in a place the exact opposite." 

Sunday, August 3d, at 3 o'clock, A.M., we find him embarking again, 
with face towards the source of the Ohio, and in a company " all olhcers 
and all men," in which "every one must speak on every question," circum- 
stances in which he finds it very hard to let patience have its perfect work. 
Going ^(p the Ohio, taking turns in rowing, relieving each other regularly 
and frequently, he found very different from drifting down it, and contem- 

nlatinij the beauties of the scenery. Omittinij his adventures with a 

• . • • •I'll 

rattle-snake, also with a certain Posinante, with head as big as his body ; 

and his descriptions of a 2nd passage of the " Wildernes^s " by a route 

somewhat different, we find him, on Sunday morning, August 10th, indulging 

in the following reflections: — "In reverie I retraced the way to that 

masterpiece of Almighty creation where I had spent the Summer, where 

swelling sails waft prosperity, and large returns from the teeming soil will 

1873.] Letters and Journal of Col. J[ohn May, 2 


\(ir doubly reward tlie industrious planter: — "watered as the region is by 
K fresliing showers and dews from Heaven, as well as by majestic and 
1) autiful rivers. Wliat thoiigli tlie heathen rage and savage nations roar 
!i(l yell in midniglit hellish revels. Our feet shall nevertheless stand fiist, 
r our bow is bent in strength, and our arm made strong by the mighty 
(iod of Jacob. Tlirough his strenn^th have we laid the foundations of our 
City, thitlier shall the people assemble together, thither shall the tribes go 
up to worship, to worship tlie mighty God of Israel." 

For Sunday, August 17th, we lind the following entry: "Rose this 
morning at 3 o'clock, and went 14 miles to breakfast at Bethlehem [in 
Pennsylvania, a IMoravian settlement]. AVe were received by the brother- 
hood in the most hospitable manner, especially by Mr. Ilickerwelder, who 
was for several years a missionary among the Indians. He paid particular 
attention to us. Invited us to go to meeting with him. I accordingly 
shifted my cloth, and went. To give a just description of this beautiful 
and agreeable day is far beyond my ability." Indeed there is no other 
passage of the journal in which the writer's pen is so surcharged with 
emotion as in this. A man of imj)ulsive and tender feelings, he is struck 
with a "pleasing amazement," as he enters the hall, and " beholds sixty 
little beautiful girls, seated in regular order, clad in white muslin, or cambric, 
with a red ribbon in a large bow round their necks, and also other classes 
of an older order, all in white, chanting their INIaker's praise to the music 
of an elegant organ. The hair of my flesh stood up, and the big tear 
swelled in my eye. I was all ear, all attention. I could compare such 
worship to nothing else but the worship of the kingdom of heaven." They 
appear to him "like the saints disburdened of their clog of earth, and 
arrayed in their white robes;" and the singing as soft and delicious, and at 
the same time as grand, as that of the spheres. Col. May remained in 
Bethlehem a day or two, exploring its water works (at that time a novelty) 
and other objects of interest, before he remounted his horse and pursued his 
journey. The impression of this agreeable visit seems never to have passed 
from his mind. He remembered it vividly to his dying day; and when, 
j^ears afterward, the question came up in his family, where should a little 
daughter be sent to school? he could think of no other place than Bethlehem; 
but in this he was overruled by other members of his family with whom 
other and different considerations had more weight. 

Travellinir northward, encounterini; a tremendous storm which swelled 
rivers, carried away such bridges as there were, and generally, in New- 
York and elsewhere, did a vast deal of damage ; sleeping in places where 
from the badness of the air (he had an asthmatic diiliculty) he narrowly 
escaped suffocation ; we find him arrived, Friday, Aug. 29th, in Pomfret, 
his native place, and on Wednesday, September ord, in Boston ; and the 
journal ends with these words, "Arrived at my own house a little after 
sunset. Selaii." The original is quite frequently adorned with little 
drawings or vignettes, made with the pen, of objects or scenes which 
interested him, and is in a handwriting usually neat, and often handsome. 
He doubtless had an eye which, with modern cultivation, would have made 
him a good draughtsman ; and, generally, he was a person of a ready, apt, 
and ardent turn of mind ; of a temperament too active for his strength of 
constitution ; and he constantly put more uj^on himself than health could 

In 1789, Col. May again went out to the Ohio country ; but of this 
second journey he kept no journal ; and only occasional memoranda of it, 

24 Fri^cilla (Thomas) Hohart. [January^ 

in here and there a letter which has been preserved, remain. This journey, 
like the other, was begun, and in great part prosecuted, on horseback. 
Passing through New- York he witnessed the inauguration of Washington, 
as first president of the United States, the observances relating to which he 
quite minutely describes. After a long and very trying detention at 
Pittsburg (owing to the lowness of the river) which almost ruined him, he 
arrived in July in Marietta, where he " found the people in high spirits, and, 
I may say, in a flourishing situation, the place much altered, and great 
improvements made." It is impossible to pursue him further. After a 
fluctuating traffic in ginseng (which was largely used as currency) and 
peltries, — with matters relating to which his correspondence with friends 
in Boston is largely filled up, — we find him once more, Nov. 30th, "89, in 
Philadelphia, faced homeward, and probably in Boston again soon after- 
ward, lie remained connected, doubtless, with the Ohio Company the 
rest of his life, as, when his estate was settled, it was found that up to the 
time of his death he was still an owner of stock in that corporation. 



The following communication is extracted from the records of my late brother, 
Benjamin Marston Watson, b. Jan. 11, 1780 ; grad. at Harvard Coll. 1800, and died 
Aug. 31, 1851. He received all the particulars of this somewhat romantic history 
in the year 1848, almost ipsisimis verbis from my aunt ]\Irs. Priscilla (AYatson) 
Cotton, then the widow of the Rev. Josiah Cotton of Plymouth. The genealogy of 
the families here mentioned is in the Register, vol. xvii. p. 363. 

Orange, N. /., Aug. 23, 1872. John L. Watson. 

Chap. 1. 
NoAii IIoBART, y° last husband of my Great Grand Mother, Priscilla 
Hobart, was a school teacher in Duxbury, Mass"^, having graduated 
at Harvard College in 1724, and become acquainted with Priscilla 
Thomas, a very interesting young girl, daughter of Caleb Thomas, a 
respectable citizen of that town. Their acquaintance ripened into an en- 
gagement, & mutual promise of marriage, whenever his circumstances w'd 
permit him to discharge y'^ debts he had contracted for his education. While 
this understanding subsisted between them, & they were enjoying y^ happy 
relation of aifinanced lovers, & calmly waiting for such improvement in their 
affairs as w'd justify their marriage, John Watson Esq'', of Plymouth, my 
Great Grand-Father, being a Widower, having seen Priscilla, was much 
pleas'd with her, although y*' serious difference of nearly thirty years exist- 
ed in their ages, he being about 50, & she 22 years old. Being, however, 
thus charm'il with Priscilla, he proceeded to Duxbury & call'd on her pa- 
rents, & made known to them his views & wishes in relation to Priscilla, & 
requested their consent to visit their daughter, with y*^ object of oftering 
himself to her in marriage. Tluy infonn'd IM'r Watson that Priscilla was 
engaged to Mr. Hobart, but they w'd call her & let her speak for herself, 
they seeming jdeas'd with y*^ otler, as M'r AYatson's circumstances were 
known to be very eligible. 

1873.] Friscilla (Thomas) Hohart. 25 

Chap. 2. 
Priscilla was call'd, & appear'd gratified with an offer from so rich a 
suitor, & observed that she w'd see Noah, & talk with him about it. She 
convers'd with Noah, and he thought that, upon y® whole, it was not advisable 
for her to lose so good an opportunity ; & as he was still much in debt for 
his education, that it was quite uncertain when he w'd be able to relieve 
himself from his embarrassments, & be in a condition to marry her. She 
then concluded to accept M'r Watson's offer; and in a few weeks he mar- 
ried her, & carried her to his home in Plymouth. In due time she bore 
him two sous, y® eldest, my great uncle William Watson, & y® youngest, my 
grandfather Elkanah Watson ; & soon after, in Sept' 1731, her husband 
died of a fever, and left his wife a handsome young widow, of about 25 
years of age. 

Chap. 3. 

About y® same time that M'r Watson's death occurr'd, the wife of Thomas 
Lothrop Esq*", one of their neighbours, died, leaving a young infant, w'h was 
frequently sent to Mr's Watson to be nursed, she liaving also a nursing in- 
fant. In y^ mean time, Noah Ilobart, probably not having yet paid his 
college debts, did not now manifest any particular sentiments, or intentions 
in relation to her, perhaps also being iulluenced by y*^ contrast in their con- 
dition, she being left a rich widow. 

The intercourse created between M'r Lothrop & Mr's Watson by their 
mutual interest in his nursing infant, brought about a reciprocal inter- 
est in each other, & in due time he offer'd, & was accepted by her 
as her second husband. She lived with him happily for some years, & 
bore him three children, two sons & a daughter ; viz. D'r Nathaniel Lo- 
throp & Isaac Lothrop Esq**, of Plymouth, & Priscilla, married to Gershom 
Burr Esq'', of Connecticut ; when M'r Lothrop died, & Priscilla became a 
widow for y° second time. 

Chap. 4. 

Noah Ilobart, while y® incidents related in y° former chapter were 
occurring to Priscilla, having been settled in y^ (Congregational) ministry 
at Fairfield, Connecticut, had married & his wife had died previously to the 
death of Mr. Lothrop. At a suitable interval, subsequent to these events, 
he concluded to make a visit to his first sweetheart, & went to Plymouth, 
& again proposed himself for her husband. She was very glad to see him, 
& receiv'd him very graciously ; and much regretted that she could not 
accept his proposals, without breaking a promise that she had made to M'r 
Lothrop on his death-bed, not to marry while his mother lived. Noah, dis- 
appointed, set out for home with a heavy heart, & having reach'd Hingham, 
call'd on y*" Rev*^ M'r Shute, who invited him to stop & preach y® Thursday 
lecture for him ; to w'h he assented. After y^ lecture was over, as they 
were going home, they met a traveller on horseback, of whom M'r Shute 
enquired " where he was from ? " He answered, "from Plymouth;" when 
they further enquired " if there was any news ? " He answer'd, " nothing, 
particular, except that old Madam Lothrop died last night." Noah's face 
brighten'd up on this announcement, & he turned his face again towards 
Plymouth ; and without being able to state any intervening particulars, we 
know that in three weeks from that time, Priscilla married her third hus- 
band in y^ person of her first lover, & was settled at Fairfield as " y® min- 
ister's help-meet," & y« wife of y^ Rev^ Noah Hobart. 

Vol. XXVII. 3 

26 PrucUla (Thomas) Hohart. [January, 

Chap. 5. 

The life of Priscilla at Fairfield was tranquil and happy ; & it is said 
that she sometimes confess'd to her children, in her old age, they being also 
y*^ children of her other husbands, that y^ period she lived with Noah was 
y*^ happiest portion of her life. She had no children by M'r Hobart. Her 
oldest son by M'r Lothrop, D'r Nathaniel Lothrop, married Ellen Hobart, 
y"^ daughter of Noah, & thus contributed further to cement this happy & 
long deferr'd union. Priscilla, however, was destined to be a widow for y* 
third time, as y° Rev*^ Noah Hobart died at Fairfield in y® year 1773, &left 
her in possession of his homestead there. 

Chap. 6. 
After y® death of M'r Hobart, Priscilla remained at Fairfield, occupying 
his house & receiving y*' manifestations of y® affection and respect of his 
late Parish for a period of six years, until July, 1779, when y^ whole village 
of Fairfield was burn'd by y*^ English troops under y^ command of Gov' 
Tryon. Being now houseless she returned to Plymouth, & occupied y® 
house in w'h she had lived with her second husband, M'r Lothroj). Here 
she lived serenely & happily many years, in y® enjoyment of y^ blessings 
resulting from a well-spent & virtuous life. In y^ year 1786, when I was a child 
of about 6 years old, being on a visit to Plymouth with my Father, I well 
recollect visiting her, & being by her most cordially received & welcom'd, 
as y^ first of her great-grand-children whom she had seen, & as a token of her 
satisfaction, & for a memorial of herself, she gave me a pair of gold sleeve- 
buttons, as a keepsake. She was at this time 80 years old, her mental & 
corporeal faculties in perfection. Her carriage was exceedingly upright. 
Her person was small and well formed, she not exceeding in height 5 feet, 
1 or 2 inches. Her countenance was animated & expressive & gave decid- 
edly y® impression of having been handsome, resembling that of her grand- 
daughter, y® late Mr's Judge Davis, more than any other of her descendants 
whom I have seen. She lived until 1796, nearly 10 years after this inter- 
view, & died in June of that year, aged 90 years. 


Communicated by Isaac J. Greenwood, Esq., of New-York. 

Berry, in his Kent Pedigrees, gives a schedule of one family of the name 
Bourne, of Sharested, parish of Dodington, descended from Bartholo- 
mew Bourne, whose son Robert had three grandsons (sons of Francis), 
James, John and Thomas ; the first of whom James had the following 
children living, at the time of the Camden Visitation in 1619, viz.: James, 
?Rt. 22, Thomas, a3t. 20, Francis, ict. 18, William, a^t. 16, Henry, aH. 12, and 
Robert, xi. 10, and daus. Elizabeth, wife of Robert Ade, Bennet, Mary 
and Sarah. Arms, — Argent, on a bend azure three lions rampt. guard, or. 

Oilier armorial bearings than these, though difiering but sliglitly, and 
used by the Bournes or Borncs of London, 1070, Wells, co. Somerset, 
Kent, Worcester, London and Berkshire, will be found in Burke's Gencral\ 

1873.] Rear Admiral NeJiemiah Bourne, 27 

A pedigree of Borne of London, from cos. Kent and Somerset, accord- 
ing to the St. George Visitation of IG.'U, is contained in the Plarl. MSS. 
1476, fo. 185, Brit. Museum. This Visitation was privately printed in 
1820, at Salisbury, by Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart. 

In tlie Prerogative Court, London, we lind tlie will* of John Bourne, 
the elder, citizen and baker of that city, dated March 1, IGOj^t,^, and proved 
June 2G, IGIO. Being aged and pained in body, yet of perfect mind and 
good remembrance, &c., he desires to be buried in the Church of the Hos- 
pital of St. Katherines, near the Tower of London, where he now inhabits 
and dwells. Speaks of his plate, jewels and money. Bequeaths to his wife 
Maudlin the leases of several houses, conditionally, and describes the same ; 
his dwelling-house situate within the Hospital of St. Katherines, and houses 
in Wapping-Wall ; and at her death his eldest son John to succeed to some 
of the leases. Other leases he be(}ueaths to his son Robert, and his young- 
est son Bartholomew. To Elizabeth and Joan, daughters of son John, 
each £100, when married or 21 years of age. To the poor inhabitants 
within the precincts of St. Katherines, an annuity of £5, to be bestowed in 
bread. To Thomas^ and Maudlin, children of son Bartholomew, each £10 
when 21 years of age. To his son Bartholomew all the implements inci- 
dent and belonging to the trade of a baker. Legacies to several servants. 
To his friends John Skynner, the elder, of Lee, co. Essex, mariner, and 
Charles Broughton, of St. Katherines, each a piece of gold of the value of 
fifteen shillings, to make rings of. Appoints his wife executrix, and the 
said Charles Broughton, and sons John, Robert and Bartholomew over- 
\ seers. 

The church referred to in the above will, was situated ^ just eastward of 
the Tower, the hospital to which it was attached in earlier times having 
been founded by Matilda, wife of King Stejihen. On the south wall of the 
chancel there existed in 1G33, according to Stoiue's Remaines, the following 
inscription : " The gift of Master John Bourne, late Citizen and White Baker 
of London, being 5 lb. per Annum, to be bestowed in Bread amongst the 
poore of the Precinct, Beganne the 10 day of May, Anno Dom. 1609, to 
be continued unto them for 40 yeares following." 

The second son, Robert Bourne, was a shipwright of Wapping. The 
church of St. John of Wapping, formerly a chapel under St. Mary Matfe- 
lon, alias Whitechapel, was procured by the special care of Mr. Rowland 
Coytemore, Mr. Robert Bourne, Mr. Wilmoot and other inhabitants of the 
Hamlet, several citizens of London being benefactors thereto. It was con- 
secrated by the Bishop of London, 7 July, 1617, and was erected into a 
parish-church 169|. Rowland Coytemore, subsequently a warden of this 
chapel, had been in IGIG M*aster of the Royal James, a trader to the East 
Indies, and was in 1626 a benefactor of Trinity House ; he had married 
Mrs. Catherine (Myles) Gray, who in her second widowhood came to New- 
England and was of Charlestown in 1636, together with her son Thomas 
Coytemore. The wife of the latter, Martha, dau. of Capt. Rainsborough, 
was, I presume, a sister of Col. Thomas and Maj. Wm. Rainsborough ia 

* Abstracts of wills in this article were furnished by H. G. Somerby, Esq., of London. 

2 Thomas Bourne, citizen and grocer of London, was appointed 7 Ap., 1620, one of the 
commissioners to superintend the garbling and distinguishing of the drug cidled Tobacco, 
"of late years grown frequent in this our Realm and other our Dominions." Reuben 
Bourne, grocer, appointed 9 Nov., 1624, one of the sealers of Tobacco, and an officer of the 
customs. — Rymer's Fcedera, xvii. 

■^ Taken down and removed to the Regent's Park in 1825. 

28 Rear Admiral Nehemiah Bourne. [January, 

the parliamentary service; she became, in 1647, the fourth wife of Gov. 
Jolin Winthrop, whose son Stephen had married her sister Judith. 

Robert Bourne, shipwright, left a will dated 3 Aug., 1G24, proved in 
London, 22 June, 1G25. He speaks of himself as sick and weak in body, 
&c. To his son Nehemiah, whom he desires shall be a scholar and brought 
up at the University of Cambridge, he bequeaths a house, &c., in Grace- 
church St., called the sign of the Pewter Platter. To his wife Mary, 
tenements in Witley, -co. Essex, during her life, then to son Nehemiah. 
To son John the lease of certain property in St. Katherines, near the 
Tower, when 21. To brother Bartholomew and his three children, each 
a house. Names Bartholomew, son of brother Bartholomew. Legacies to 
his three daughters, Martha, Mary and Ruth. Mentions cousin Elizabeth 
Harrison. Appoints his wife executrix. 

At the period of his father's decease (1625), Nehemiah Bourne was 
probably some 14 years of age, and in 1632 he took to his bosom a young 

partner for life, Hannah , then in her sixteenth year. Contrary to 

the wishes of his father, it would appear that he did not enter upon a 
collegiate course, deeming it not unworthy to follow in the footsteps of that 
worthy predecessor and practise ship-building. An entry taken from the 
Orders in Council would seem, however, to indicate a different pursuit, and 
doubtless involves an intentional error ; it is as follows : 

1638, 10th Aprill (ordered on the 6th). 

" A Passe for Nehemiah Bourne, of the parish of White Chapell, "WTiite 
Baker, to travayle into the parts of America, with a clause to the Searchers, 
touching prohibited Goods." Signed, &c. — (Chas. L vol. 15. 81.)^ 

Not long after (May 8th), another pass was granted "for Thomas 
Hawkins of White Chapell, Carpenter, to goe into the parte of America, 
called New England, and to take with him his Trunk of Apparell and 
other necessaries, with the ordinary Clause for searching. Dated 10th 
May, 1638." This Hawkins, also a ship-builder, had already visited the 
Massachusetts Colony, where, after a short residence at Dorchester, he had 
•obtained, in Sept., 1636, the grant of a lot of land in Charlestown. 

The passes referred to were granted in pursuance of an order from the 
King, which on 6 April, 1638, prohibited "all merchants, masters, and 
owners of ships, from henceforth to set forth any ship or ships with pas- 
sengers for New England, till they have first obtained special license on that 
behalf, from such of the Lord's of his Majesty's most honorable Privy 
Council, as are appointed for the business of foreign plantations by special 
commission ; " a step which had been taken to prevent " the frequent resort 
to New p]ngland of divers persons, ill affected to the religion established 
in the Church of England, and to the good and peaceable government of 
the State," and after considering "the sundry and great complaints which 
have been presented to the Council, and made appear to be true b}' those 
that being well affected both for religion and government, have suffered 
much loss in their estates, owing to the unruly and factious disposition of 
the peoj)le (or a great part of them) in that Plantation," &c. 

Having reached New-England, Bourne became located, first in Charles- 
town, as a shipbuilder and merchant or trader, and subsequently, according 
to Savage, in Dorchester.^ Entering into partnership with Thomas 
Hawkins, we find them recorded as owners of the ship Sparrow, 50 tons, 

' N. E. Hist, and Ge\. RF,n., viii. 139. 

^ Probably sold 12 acres in Dorcheistcr to John Pope of that place, who d. 12 Ap., 1646. 

1873.] Rear Admiral Nehemiah Bourne. 29 

of New-England, for the departure of which from London, with fifty pas- 
sengers, &c., application was made to the Council, 19 Jan., 1639-40. 
Removing into Boston, Hawkins became a freeman 22 May, 1639, and 
Bourne, 2 June, 1641. These two, together with Thomas Coytemore,^ 
also a merchant and ship-master, and three others, were appointed 7 Oct., 
1641, to settle rates of wharfage, portridge and warehousing. 

Although in 1629 the Mass. Co. sent out six shipwrights, with Robert 
Moulton at their head, yet during the ten years next ensuing only vessels 
Df small size, such as sloops, pinnaces, ketches, shallops, barks and skiffs, — 
the largest scarce exceeding 20 tons, — were constructed throughout New- 
England ; and when Edward Bangs launched a bark of 40 or oO tons at 
Plymouth (or Eastham), 24 Jan., 1641, it was recorded as the first vessel 
jf size built in that colony. To this observation we ought to make one 
3xception, namely, "the Desire," of 120 tons, built at Marblehead and 
launched about Aug., 1636; we read of its return from the West Indies, 
26 Dec, 1637, after an absence of seven months. Again, "the Desire," 
Wm. Pearce, master, George Eoxcroft and others owners, was permitted 
to return to New-England from London, with passengers, 20 April, 1638, 
xnd 17 Jan., 1639-40. How long Robert IMoulton held his position as chief 
Df the shipwrights is uncertain ; he settled at Salem, and was in all proba- 
bility the same person who was in April, 1643, Captain of the " Swiftsure," 
48 guns, under Admiral p]., of Warwick. Savage speaks of his decease 
11 1655; his son, Robert Moulton, jr., married about 1640, Abigail Goade, 
aiece of Emanuel Downing, and was, with a like supposition. Captain of 
the " Satisfaction," 20 guns, under Vice Admiral Batten, March, 1 64-| .^ 

In the year 1640, at the instigation of the Rev. Hugh Peters, the colo- 
i!<ts turned their attention more earnestly towards shipbuilding, and a 
-c^sel of 300 tons having been constructed at Salem, the merchants of 
Boston were stimulated to build one of somewhat smaller dimensions (from 
160 to 200 tons), and on 25 Jan., 164^, "Mr. Bourne," adcording to the 
:own records, desired a place adjoining his house " for building the ship." 
It would be interesting to locate the exact place where the keel of this, the 
first vessel of Boston, was laid. The Book of Possessions informs us that 
the house and garden of Capt. Bourne were situated at the North End, 
between the lot of Anne, widow of Richard Tuttle (who died 1640), on 
the north, and that of Edward Bendall on the south, with the Cove or Bay 
in the east. Bendall in Jan., 164|, sold the northerly half of his lot, 40 
feet wide, to Capt. Thomas Plawkins, and the lower half passed into the 
t^ossession of Anchor Ainsworth ; directly below this was the land of Lieut. 
Thomas Savage, whose southerly line ran along a lane leading easterly to 
:he Cove. North of the widow Tuttle, lay in succession the lands of Wm. 
Beamsley, Isaac Grosse, John Sweet and Walter Merry, and on Merry's 
Point was subsequently constructed the North Battery. After comparing 
several deeds of conveyance, appertaining to contiguous property, the cer- 

^ Already alluded to; during a voyage to Malaga, in a Colonial privateer, Thomas Haw- 
kins, captain, he perished by shipwreck 27 Dec, 1644, on the coast of Spain. 

" Since writing the above, I see that Capt. Robert Moulton, during the summer of 1646, 
succeeded Richard Swanley as Admiral in the Irish Seas, but Swanley was again restored 
)}- commission dated 29 Oct. of the same year. In March, 1646-7, he commanded the 
Triumph, 50 guns ; was during summer of 1650 Vice Admiral (under Blake), in the St. 
\ndrew, 280 men, and appointed 5 Ap., 1651, Commissioner of the Navy and Master 
Attendant at Portsmouth. Ca})t. Robert Moulton, of Increase frigate, 14 guns, winter of 
1646-7; Capt. Moulton of the Sophie, 30 guns, in June, 1652; another Capt Moulton, at 
he same time, of the Star, 24 guns ; Capt. Moulton, 1646, &c., in the Irish land service. 

Vol. XXVII. 3* 


30 Rear Admiral Nehemiah Bourne, [January, 

tainty is almost arrived at that Bourne's lot was purchased by George 
Davis, blacksmith, who died in 1655, and to whose will Nathaniel Green- 
wood, a young shipwright from Norwich, England, was a witness. After 
arduous toil for a score of years, Greenwood purchased this property from 
the heirs of Davis, and it is described as " part of the yard where he had 
formerly and still continued the building of vessels." This yard is located, 
on Bonner's Map of 1722, about the foot of Salutation Alley, and the large 
wharf running out therefrom, formerly called "the Island Wharf," ^ appears 
to correspond with the present Union Wharf. 

The vessel built at Boston was, to judge from Winthrop's Journal, 
finished by June, 1641, and received the name of "the Trial;" bat not 
until July of the following year did the rigging for this, and other vessels 
then under way, arrive from England. According to the colonial records, 
ten barrels of powder and six pieces of unmounted ordnance were loaned 
to the owners of the ship, for the proposed trial, 14 June, 1642, and being 
finally ready to sail towards the close of August, she set out with Mr. 
Thomas Coytemore, as master, and a cargo of pipe staves and fish, for the 
Azores and the West India Islands, whence she returned SO March, 1643, 
after a prosperous voyage. Her next trip ^ was more extended, and with a 
cargo of iron and wool from Bilboa, and wine, fruit and oil from jNIalaga, 
she sailed into Boston harbor, 23 March, 164|, whence, after refitting, she 
departed in May to trade along the eastern coast towards Canada. 

Upon her second voyage, the master of the Trial had been Mr. Thomas 
Graves, who is supposed to have married Catherine Gray, step-sister of 
Thomas Coytemore. Graves, who had been and still continued for some 
years master of a ship employed between London and Boston, was finally 
appointed by Parliament, 30 May, 1652, captain of the frigate President, 
42 guns, in the squadron of R. Ad. Bourne ; and the follov/ing year as R. 
Ad. of the White (in V. Ad. Penn's fleet), in the St. Andrew, 360 men, 
56 guns, he participated in the actions, against the Dutch, of June 2d and 
3d, and was slain in the fight of July 3 1st. His body was landed from the 
fleet in Aldborough bay (co. Sufiblk), Aug. 8th, and buried the same day, 
and soon after (Oct. 28, 1653) Parliament granted £1000 to his widow, of 
which amount £700 was to be secured in equal portions to each of his five 

Dec. 23, 1643, five ships sailed from Boston, one of them carrying many 
passengers for London, among whom, says W^inthrop, " were men of chief 
rank in the country." Of these latter, Capt. Israel Stoughton again visited 
New-England for a short period, but returned as speedily as possible, "with 
divers others of our best military men, and entered into the Parliament's 
service. Mr. Stoughton was made Lt. Col. to Col. Rainsborow ; Mr. Nehe- 
miah Bourne, a ship-carpenter, was Major of his regiment, &c. These did 
good service and were well approved, but Mr. Stoughton falling sick and 
dying at Lincoln, the rest all returned (by June, 1645), to their wives and 
families." The town of Lincoln had been twice taken by storm, once in 
Sept., 1 643, and again on May 6, 1 644, by the Earl of Manchester, Major- 
General of the associated counties of Essex, Norfolk, Sufiblk, Cambridge 
and Huntingdon, and whose lieutenant-general was Oliver Cromwell. 

A letter from Emanuel Downing to John AVinthrop, Jr., dated London, 
3 March, 164^, has the following: "Mr. Weld and I were agreed soe soone 

» " Island of Boston.— All N. of Mill Creek was formerly so designated." Drake's 
2 Sailed in June, 1643. 

1873.] Rear Admiral Nehemiah Bourne, 31 

as ]\Ir. Gravrs sliipp should be gone hence to cleare the Account with 
Maior Bourne, but 1 am })rcvented ])y his suddaine and vnexpected goeing 
away witli INIr. Graves. Mr. Bourne tohl vs that he would be ready to goe 
with vs in ]\Ir. Andrewes shipp, soe that I much marveyled at his goeing 
with Mr. Graves, he having putt in his nay me to be an vndertaker in Mr. 
Andrewes shii)p. If there shall be anything spoken or moved by him in 
the Court concerning the Account, I pray procure a stay thereof till I 

Roger Williams, writing 22 June, 1G45, from Narraganset to John Win- 
throp, Jr., at Pequot, says " Major Bourne is come in " ; probably, in the 
Trial,^ which returned about this time with a cargo of goods from London 
and Holland, after a somewhat dangerous voyage. 

I can only account for the fact of the Major's return to New-England 
while holding a military position, upon the supposition that such rank had 
been in the })artisan forces of the Karl of IManchcster or some other leader, 
and that u[)on the remodelling of the army in March, 104i, he was not 
appointed to the regular service. 

During an absence; of IMajor Edward Gibbons, he was appointed 12 Aug. 
1645, Sergeant Major of the Sutfolk Kcgiment, and on 18 Oct. following, 
the Court ordered that, in answer to the petition of Emanuel Downing, 
Nehe. Bourne, Kobt. Sedgwick, Tho. Eowle and others, the laws against 
tlie Anabaptists, and the law that recjuired special allowance for new comers 
residing in the colony, be neither altered nor explained at all. Ipon the 
Major's petition, 7 Oct., 164G, he was granted the loan of one drake from 
Dorchester, one from Koxbury, a drake and sacre from the Castle, and two 
sacres from Boston ; he to return the same in good condition and j)lant 
them in their places and on their carriages, by 10 June, 1647 ; and Nov. 4 
the Surveyor-general of arms was ordered to see after the future safe 
return of these six great guns. According to one of the Winthrop letters, 
it was reported that IMajor Bourne's ship would be ready by the end of 
November, and from the Journal we find that he sailed for England with 
his wife Hannah, 19 Dec. 1G4G. 

Trace of Bourne's career is then lost for some three years, until his name 
occurs on " a list of the captains to command the Parliament's ships for 
the next summer's service," reported 2 March, lG|g, by Col. Valentine 
Walton to the House of Commons : 

600 men. Resolution; Ad. Col. Robt. Blake, commanded by Capt. Wm. Wilder. 
280 *' St. Andrew; V. Ad. Robt. Moulton, " Capt. James Moulton. 

260 <' Rainbow; «• Col. Lidcott. 

250 '• Great Frigate at Woolwich ; " Major Nelie. Bourne. 

250 " Great Frigate at Deptford (the Fairfax) ; " Capt. Wm. Tenn. 

Of these few names which head the list, none, save Capt. Penn, were 
truly seamen, having been brought up to the profession ; and the Admiral 
and Col. Lidcott, formerly in the Irish land service, had received their naval 
appointments within the preceding two years. Among the merchant-ships 
employed on this occasion, one the Merchant, 98 men, was commanded 
by the Major's brother, Capt. John Bourne. Sept. 26, 1650, the ships 

^ 1644-. Aug. 7. — Ship Tryall and others, allowed to lade goods as contained in the bills 
presented, to transport the same and freely pass on their intended voyage. — Journal of H. 
of Commons. 

32 Rear Admiral Nehemiak Bourne, [January, 

nominated for the Downes and East coast squadron, during the ensuing 

winter, were as follows : 

Speaker, Nehemiah Bourne, 270 men, , . 52 guns. 

Foresight, .... Samuel Howett, 150 '* . . 34 " 

Assistance, .... Jolin Bourne,^ 160 "... 3i " 

Paradox frigate, , Tiiomas Cowle, ..... 70 " . . 14 ** 

Greyhound Henry South wood, 80 "... 18 " 

Capt. Anthony Young, of the frigate President, meeting in the Channel, 
12 May, 1652, a fleet of thirty Holland merchantmen from Genoa and 
Leghorn, convoyed by three men-of-war, had, after a sharp skirmish in 
which four or five broadsides were exchanged, exacted that honor to the 
English flag which had been claimed for centuries. Six days thereafter, 
Major Bourne, being then in command of a squadron of eight ships, 
despatched intelligence to Admiral Blake in Rye bay, that Van Tromp, 
with a fleet of forty sail, was off the South-sand Head. The Admiral, 
anticipating more serious trouble respecting the flag, made all haste and 
came up with Van Tromp off Dover, on the following day, whereupon 
ensued the first regular engagement of the Dutch War, — Bourne and his 
squadron participating therein. 

The nomination of Vice and Rear Admirals for the summer's service 
had been under consideration some two months, when, 18 May, 1652, the 
Council of State sent to Admiral, or General Blake, as he was then called, 
two blank commissions for these positions, that he might fill them up him- 
self after conferring upon the subject with the Lord General Cromwell and 
Mr. Dennis Bond. On the following day, the very day of Blake's en- 
counter with Van Tromp, Captain (Major) Bourne was appointed " Rear 
Admiral of the Fleet of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England 
and Captain of the ship (St. Andrew), of 60 guns," a rank equivalent to 
Admiral of the Blue Flag; at the same time, Capt. Wm. Penn was 
appointed Vice Admiral, and it was ordered that commissions be accord- 
ingly granted unto them. On reading the Admiral's report of the fierce 
actions of Sept. 28th and 29th, we learn that the Andrew, taking part 
therein, was very much maimed in her masts and rigging, and considered 
scarce fit to continue out much longer. In January, 165f, Bourne gave 
place to Capt. John Lawson of the George, as Rear Admiral of England, 
and the command of the Andrew was bestowed upon Capt. Graves, Vice 
Admiral of the Wiite, as we have seen. Subsequently, as a Commissioner 
for the Navy, the Major had charge of the refitting and victualling of such 
vessels as were sent into Harwich and Yarmouth from the main fleet, and 
was assigned the duty of keeping up communication between the fleet, the 
Council of State and Board of Admiralty. We hear of him, in company 
with Col. Goffe and Capt. Hatsell, visiting and supplying the wants of the 
Admiral, off the Texel, 11 June, 1653, with seven ships of war, eleven 
victuallers and water-ships. 

Although occupied with public duties, it is quite probable that Bourne 
was at the same time engaged in his own private mercantile pursuits ; * 

Jolin Bourne -was still in command of the Assistance, -when, in the fiprlit with Van 
Tromp, 18 Feb. 1G55, his vessel was for a short time in i)ossession of the Dutch. lie com- 
nianded the Resolution (ooO men, 88 guns), 2 June, 1653, on board of which were the 
Generals of the Fleet, an(l on which occasion Gen, Deanc was slain. He was one of the 
ofticers of the fleet who wrote to Gen. Monk, 4 Nov. 1G59, to incline him towards an accom- 
modation with the Army in England. 

2 Tlic following items from the Calendar of State Pai)ers (Colonial), met with since the 
above was written, are, I think, interesting in connection with the subject: 

1663, Feb. 4. •' A factor to be sent over to New England to contiact for goods of all 

1873.] Rear Admiral Nehcmiah Bourne. 33 

the inventory of John ]\Iilles/ of Boston, N. E., a transient trailer possibly, 
has demands against liim in IGol. Moreover, on Suffolk co. Records (11. 
211), we find the following: 

"I, Nehemiah Bourne of London Esq. have made my lovcing friends 
Jn°. Leverett of Boston in New England merchant and W"\ Bartholomew 
of Ipswich in New England, merchant, my true and lawful Attorney es. 
March 26, 1655. 

Nehe: Bourne. 
In p'sence of 

Era. Mosse Not. piiV. TTen. Mosse Not. puV. 

Jere. Janeway, Peter Tilley. 

Presented before ye County Court at Boston, July 30, '55, and by virtue 
whereof he rccov'^ed a judgment ag' Capt. Tho. Savage to value of £298 : 
I65: Sd. in behalfo of Major Nehe: Bourne. 

Edward Raws on, Record'* 

II. Another instrument (Suff. Rec. II. 195), is as follows: 

"I doe hereby engage to pay unto Major Nehemiah Bourne of London 
forty dales after the safe arrival of the John frigate* in London the some of 
tliirty three pounds one shilling and eleven })enc. which is for ballance 
of my account with Mr. William Davis, this seven and twentieth day of 
November 1655, the adventure being Major Nehemiah Bournes, as witness 
my hand. 

Jn°. Leverett." 

"Wm. Niewport, the Dutch Ambassador in London, writing home, 7 Jan. 
1G5|, states, from information received, that INIajor Bourne is to be em- 
ployed as Rear Admiral of the Fleet, to be ready in about a month under 
Gen. Blake and Vice Ad. Lawson. One error at least appears to be 
involved in this statement, for Lawson had fallen into disgrace during the 
summer of 1656,^ and given place to Rear Admiral Badiley; we read in 
Whitelock that "Vice Admiral Badiley dyed, Aug. 11, 1657," whereupon, 
it is said, that position was given to Capt. Sir Richard Stayner, recently 
(11 June) knighted for services by the Protector. 

Dec. 3, 1653, the Generals appointed for the Fleet were Col. Robert 
Blake, Col. George Monk, Major Gen. John Disbrow and Vice Ad. Wm. 
Penn ; at the same time. Rear Ad. John Lawson was made Vice Admiral, 
vice Penn, and Capt. Richard Badiley, Rear Admiral vice Lawson. But 
Monk and Disbrow had no talent for naval affairs ; Penn, on his return in 
October, 1655, from the unsuccessful West Indian expedition, had yielded 
up his commission, and Lawson had been disposed of as above ; therefore, 

sorts Ijelonging to shipping. Those most vendible in New England, to the value of 
6,0001., to be provided by Mr. Hopkins and Nehemiah Bourne, Commissioners for the 
Navy, for buying Tar." 

Up to April, 1658, we find Major Bourne consulted by the various committees on 
measures appertaining to New-England. 

1656 (June 22d ?). Major Nehemiah Bourne presented a petition to the Lord Protector, 
for the payment of a bill of exchange for 5001. on the Treasurer of the Navy, drawn in 
his favor by Capt. John Leverett, commander of the forts in Arcadia, for provisions sup- 
plied at Newfoundland for the service of the State. Minute, "Order already made." 

^ Will 22 Oct., proved 3 Dec, 1651, leaves bulk of property to friends in the Canaries. 

2 28 guns. 

3 Lawson was appointed by Parliament, 26 May, 1659, Commander of the ships in the 
Narrow Seas, and reinstated in his rank as Vice Admiral. 

34 Rear Admiral Nehemiah Bourne, [January, 

at the beginning of the year 1657, Blake, whose experience, though short, 
had been a glorious one, was the only efficient commander at sea capable of 
taking the lead. Associated with the Admiral at this time was a young 
favorite of Cromwell, Col. Edward Montague,^ but I find no further proof i 
of Bourne's receiving for a second time the appointment of Hear Admiral . 
of England than that above referred to. 

July 26, 1659, "Nehemiah Bourne Esquire" was appointed one of the | 
Commissioners for the Militia in the county of Kent, and his military title , 
may have been dropped from the fact that in the preceding month it had i 
been voted that commissions to all officers of the army and navy should be 
signed by the Speaker of the House of Commons.^ 

With the Restoration, Bourne fled to the continent and remained in vol- 
nntary exile for some years.^ A letter to Col. Goffe, the regicide, from his 
wife, written about Jan., 167 J, states that "through Blood it was reported 
that Desborough, 3Iaggarborn, and Lewson of Yarmouth is come out of 
Holland and Kelsi, and have their pardon from the King, and liberty to 
live quietly, no oath being imposed on them." Although the spelling is a 
little obscure, there can be no doubt but that Major Bourne is the person 
alluded to above ; of the others, Major General Desborough,^ Col. Kelsay, 
together with Major Goose, Sir Robert Heywood, Jr., Capt. Nichols, &c., 
had already been ordered to return to England and surrender themselves, 
before 23 July, 1666, under penalty of being declared traitors. In the life 
of Col. Thomas Blood (London, 1680), occurs the following paragraph: 
" This is evident that soon after (his pardon by the King), Desborough, 
Kelsey and others appeared publicly about the Town, coming over from 
Holland and surrendering themselves to his Majesty. Which by whom 
ever procured, might be thought a good piece of service at that time, when 
the two Nations of England and Holland being embroyled in open Wars, 
the conduct and advice of such persons might have been of no small preju- 
dice to us, and advantage to the enemy. However it was publicly taken 
notice of that Mr. Blood was daily with the said Persons at the same, at 
Mr. White's Coffee-house behind the Royal Exchange, where they met in 
a room by themselves. So well and smoothly did Mr. Blood both then and 
since behave himself among those, that are called the Dissenting Party." 

Wm. Peake, a name which occurs in the London Directory of Merchants, 
1677, writing to Mr. John Hull, of Boston, N. E., 7 March, 167^, says, 
" I have had much contest with Major Bourne, but have now ended it." 

In 1683, one of those concerned in the R^^e House Plot was Zachary 
Bourne, a brewer, residing with his wife, between Queen's street and 
Parker lane, London, at the house of his father. Robert Fergursou, the 
arch conspirator, staid at his house for some weeks, and Zachary was 

^ Afterwards Earl of Sandwich. 

2 Thomas Bourne, appointed by the Commissioners of the London Militia, 23 July, 
1659, Captain in the Yellow Regiment, Col. John Owen ; approved by the House, Aug. oth. 

3 Since writing this article, I have met with the following items concerning Nehemiah 
Bourne and his brother John, and another person of the name, probably a relative : 

1660, August ? Petition of James Fingley and Thos. Goss. For warrant to the Viee- 
-Admlral to assist them in search of the outward bound vessel of Capt. Bourne, an enemy 
of the late King, who is endeavoring to export treasure. 

1662, May. Pass for Nehemiah iSournc, merchant, to transport himself and family into 
any of tlie plantations. ^ 

1662, March 2i). Bond of Thomas Bourne, of St. Botolph's parish, Ahlersgate. and two 
others, in 5001. for his good behaviour. With note of his raking the Oath of AUegiauce. 

■* Order of 21 Ap. 1686, for Col. Dcsborough's return before 22 July following. 

.873.] Rear Admiral Nehemiah Bourne. 35 

idmitted into the plot on the express condition that he would not inform his 
vife nor his father. The latter heing described as " an obstinate Indepen- 
lent," would seem to indicate the Major, though there were others of the 
lamc who had been equally concerned in the late Civil War. 

On the south side of the Bunhill (Bonhill) Fields burial ground, is the 
bllowing inscription : ^ " Here resteth in Hope, the Body of Hanna, Wife 
)f Nehemiah Bourn, sometime Commander at Sea and Commissioner for 
.he Navy; by whom he had four Sons and one Daughter, who, after she 
lad lived with him as a most affectionate AVife 52 years; during which time 
;he was a most suitable Companion to him in various and extraordinary 
Paths of Divine Providence by Sea and Land, at home, and in Remote 
Parts ; and an eminent P^xample and Pattern to all that knew her, as well 
n the several Excellencies of a Natural Temper, as those of the spiritual 
ind divine Life, being ripened for a better. She departed this World at 
Ebisham (Epsom) in Surrey, upon the 18th of June; and from thence she 
^vas brought to this place, and buried the 21st in the Year of our Lord 
1G84, andof her Age G8." 

This burial ground contains a great number of gravestones and mon- 
uments with vaults underneath, and is situated near Upper Moorfields 
(north of London Wall). It was enclosed and consecrated in the year of 
the plague, 1GG5, but not being used was afterwards leased to Mr. Tindall, 
for the use of the dissenters from the Church of Enujland. 

Of the children referred to in the inscription, two are entered on the 
Boston records as born in that town, viz.: Nehemiah, evidently not the first 
child, b. 10 June, 1G40; and Hannah, b. 14 Nov., 1G41, who afterwards 
married Mr. John Berry, whose name occurs in the London Directory of 
Mercliants, 1G77. 

After a long and chequered life the old admiral, at the ripe age of about 
eighty, was laid at rest by the side of his loved wife, in the year IG'Jl. His 
will, dated 11 Feb., IGD^, was proved in London, 15 May, 1G91, and runs 
as follows : " I, Nehemiah Bourne, of London, merchant, being in a good 

measure of health, &c And my body I desire (if God will joermitt) 

may be decently buryed in my Vault in Burnhill where I laid my deare 
wife." He directs that his funeral expenses shall not be large, not exceed- 
ing £150, — desires that £100 be distributed among needy persons and 
[families, especially such as fear God and are of sober conversation, 
! respecting especially to Shipwrights and Seamen in and about Wapping. 
I To his daughter (-in-law ?) Mrs. Anna Bourne, £2b, to buy a jewel or a 
piece of plate, as she chooses. To his son-in-law Mr. John Berry, to 
; grandsons (by marriage ?) Mr. Arnold Browne and Mr. Benjamin Collyer, 
each £10 to buy them enamelled rings with a diamond spark in each, as a 
remembrance. To his granddaughter Mrs. Collyer, wife of the aforesaid 
Mr. Collyer, £250, out of which she is to allow her eldest daughter Anna 
£50 when 21 years of age or married. To her younger daughter Susan 
Collyer £10 for a piece of plate. To his first great granddaughter Hannah, 
eldest child of his first granddaughter Hannah Browne, deceased, £200, 
when 21 years of age or on her marriage, and to Arnold Browne, her 
brother, £50 when 21. To his nephews Mr. Robert and Mr. John Bourne^ 
each £10. To his nephews Mr. Peter Sainthill and Mr. Nicholas Earning, 
each 20 nobles to buy cloth or dispose of as they please. To niece Mrs. 

* Seymour's London, Vol. II. 
• 2 Name in London Directory of Merchants, 1677. 


36 Family Record of John Appleton, [January, 

Martha Hasted 40s. for an enamelled ring with a small spark of a diamond, 
as a remembrance of her dear father. To niece Martha Earning, as a 
token £10. To his good friends Mr. Jeremiah White £5, as a token, and 
Mr. Matthew Barker and Mr. Robert Trail, 40s. each. Appoints his son 
Nehemiah Bourne executor, and makes him residuary legatee ; his son-in- 
law Mr. John Berry, and grandsons Mr. Arnold Browne* and Mr. 
Benjamin Collyer, to be overseers. 



I. In the hand of John Appleton. 

An Account of my own age wife & Childrens : 
I was Born octo^^ y^ 16, anno 1652. 
My wife Eliz^\ was Born July 1^^ 1663. 
We ware married Nov^^ 23^ 1680. 
My Daugh^ Eliz^\ was Born aprill 23^, 1682. 
son John Born Nov^^ 23^^ 1683. 
son Wiir^. Born oct^ 15^ 1686. 
son Dan". Born august 17% 1688. 
son Will- Dyed July y'' 10% 1689. 
son Dan". Dyed October y^ 7% 1689. 
2\ son Dan". Born aug*. 8% 1692. 
son Natha". Born Dec^ y^ 9% 1693. 
Daug^ Prissilla Born Jan^-^. 3% 1696. 
son John Dyed Sep^ 23% 1699. 
Daug*^ Margaret Born march 19'^, 1701. 

Daugh^ Eliz. was married to M^ Jabez Fitch July y^ 26% 1704. 
2^. son John Born aug^^ 18^\ and Dyed Sept^ y« 13*^ 1705. 
son Dan", was married June 8% 1715. 
son Nath". was married June 25"\ 1719. 
Daug^'. Prissilla was married to M^ Ward June 28% 1722. 
Daug*--. Prissilla Dyed July 22^, 1724. 
Daug''. Margaret was married to M"". Holyoke nov^^ the 9% 1725. 

The Age of my Grandchildren. 
Eliz. Fitch was Born aug*. 16% 1705. 
John Fitch was Born aug*. 18% 1709. 
James Fitch was Born June 19% 1712. 
James Fitch Dyed July 26% 1714. 
Margaret Fitch was Born no^"". 15% 1715. 
Eliz. Appleton July y^ 28"\ and Dyed august 26% 1717. 
Ann Fitch Born July 19% 1718. 
Eliz. Appleton Born Sej/. and Dyed oc% 1718. 

^ A Mr. Bourne was merchant In Boston, N. E., 1699-1700. Mr. John Bourne was one 
of the twenty-four directors elected in 1732 for tlic Royal Exchange Assurance Office, for 
assurance of ships, goods and merchandizes at sea. 

1873.] Family Record of John Applcton. 37 

John Applcton Born December y'^ 9"*. 1719 
and J)yc(l scptcml)er the 23'"'^ 1720. 

My son IS'ath"". Dau^^li. INIariraret was Born November y° 29*^ 1720. 

James Fitcli Born oc'^ .3'^ Dyed January y*^ 2^ 1721. 

son Dan". Daugh*'. Margaret was Born Sep*, y^ 28'''. & Dyed o&\ 20*^ 

son Natli". son Jose was Born March the 9*''. 1723 & Dyed in June, 

j John AVard was Born Sep^ 21»\ 1723. 
' son Dan'" son Dan" Born Feb'-y 21"'. and Dyed March 13'^ 1724. 

Mary Fitch liorn Marc'li 24'^ 172 I. 

My son Nath". son Natli". Born feb-^. 22"*, 1724 

and Dyed December 1"', 172G. 

son Dan". Dang". Margaret was Born November y° 28*^ 172o. 

Daug". Margarets Daug''. was Born September y* 22"^, 1726. 

My son Nath". Daugh'^ Eliz. Born December y« 10'", 172G. 

Your Grandmother was 40*^. years that month you^ was Born. She Dyed 
13"^ of July 1723. and these are her Children viz. 

Eliz. Bogers Born feV^. 2^ 1GG2 who Dyed anno 1GG3. 

Eliz. Rogers July V\ 1GG3. 

Margaret Rogers feb'^. 18'^ 1GG4. 

John Rogers July 1*', IGGG. 

Dan" Rollers Born Sep' 25, 1GG7. 

Nath" Rogers Born feb-^^ 2\Y\ 1GG9. 

Patienc Rogers Born may 13% 1G7G. 

Margaret Dyed June 7"\ 1720. 
Dan" Dyed Decemb' y' V\ 1722. 
Nath" Dyed oc*^' 4'^ 1723. 

II. In the hand of Elizabeth (Rogers) Appleton. 

The ages of my grand children. 

first my daughter Fitch children. 

M' Fitch was married to my daughter Elizabeth Appleton July 26, 1704. 

Eliz. Fitch born august 16, 1705. 

John Fitch born august 18, 1709. 

James Fitch born Jan' 19, 1712 and died July 26, 1714. 

Margarett Fitch born nov' 15, 1715. 

Ann Fitch born July 19, 1718. 

James Fitcli born octo' 3, and died Janu' 2, 1721. 

Mary Fitch born March 24, 1724. 

John Fitch died oc*^ 26, 1736. 

Margarett Gibbs died november the 7'^ 1742, another bitter bereavement 
of a dear pleasant desiarable grand child. I pray God that boatli mercyes-, 
and afflictions may be sanctified unto me for spiritual and eternal good. 

My son Daniel Appleton was married in June 8, 1715. 

his children age 

Eliz Appleton born July 28, and died august 26, 1717. 

Eliz Appleton born Sep* 20, and died oct^', 1718. 

John Appleton born Decern' 9, 1719, and died Sep* 23, 172a. 

* Elizabeth (Appleton) Fitch, bom 23 April, 1682. 
YoL. XXYII. 4: 

38 Family Record of John Ajfpleton. [January, 

Margarett Appleton born Sept. 28, and died oct^" 20, 1722. 

Daniel Appleton born feb. 24 and died March 13, 1724. 

Margrett Appleton born Dec^' 28, 1725. 

Elizabeth Appleton born angust 24, 1727. 

John Appleton born Jan^ 19, and died April 23, 1731. 

Mary Appleton born March 14, 1732-3. 

his 3^ son John Appleton born May 19, 1734. 

his second son Daniel born July 26, 1736, died august 16, 1736. 

his third dear son John died august 28, 1740. 

My son Daniel Daughter Margrett dyed July 27*^ 1747, after 4 or 5 
years weaknes and languishing, the latter part of her time was under great 
conviction and received joy and comfort. 

I hope is gone to rest with my other 23 grandchildren which are gone 
before me. I have good hopes to meet them all att Christs right hand 
among his sheep and lams. 

My son Nath^^ Appleton was married June 25, 1719. 

his childrens age. 

Margarett Appleton born nov^' 29, 1720. 

Jose Appleton born March 9^^, and died in June, 1723. 

Naty^ Appleton born feb. 22, 1724, and died decembr 1, 1726. 

Eliz. Appleton born dec^"^ 16, 1726. 

Mehitable Appleton born dem^' 6'^, 1728. 

John Appleton born March 23, 1730 and died. 

Nath" Appleton born oct^' b^^, 1731. 

Mary Appleton born Jan' 1732, and died July 3^. 1733. 

His second daughter Marcy Appleton born august 24, died Sept. 12, 

A son still born no^^ 8, 1735. 

Hennery Appleton was born may 24, 1737. 

Second son John Appleton born March 29, 1739, friday. 

Samuel Appleton born may 6, 1740, died June 25*'^, Just a, year after his 
ant Holyoke 1741. 

My daughter Priscila Appleton was married June 28, 1722. 

her son John Ward was born Sept. 24, 1723. She died July 22, 1724. 

M-^ Ward died July 19, 1732. 

his dear son John Ward died July 15, 1733. 
My Daughter Magarett Appleton was married Nov^' 9, 1725. 

her daughter Margarett Holyoke born Sept. 22, 1726. 

Edward Holyoke born August 1, 1728. 

Mary Holyoke born April 30, 1730. 

Eliz Holyoke born April 25, 1732. 

John Holyoke born feb. 18, 1733. 

Anna Holyoke born nov. 26, 1735. 
William Holyoke born October 12, 1737. 

Priscilla Holyoke born July 29, 1739. , 

William Holyoke died June 23, 1740. 

My dear dear daughter Margaret Holyoke died June 25, 1740, of a 
quinsey, in the fortieth year of her age, has left 7 poore children, as she 
said to a good God who I trust will take })ity on them. 
My dear Mary Holyoke died oc*"^ 1, 1741. 

So it pleased God to take away one after another of my dear children I 
hope, to himself. I pray that all tliese great alHictions may be for my 
spiritual good, that I may (be) found ready when God shall call me. 

1873.] Family Record of John Applelon, 39 

My dear son M"" Fitch died Nov' 22, 174G. 

Ills duui^liter Ann (iooijin fi.'l). 1 G, 174G-7. 

My great grandson Anthony Wibiixl was born feb. 12, 1728-9. 

John Wibird born June 21, 1730, died. 

Second John Wibird born oct*"" and died feb. 1731. 

Little INIargreat Gibbs died April 23'^ att her grandfather Fitch very 
sudingly 1744. 

hear is an account of all my posterity, 6 sons and 3 daughters, 20 grand 
soji and 20 ij^rand daughters 4 fj^reat i^rand sons and 5 irreat sfrand daui^hters 
.OS in all, 33 are gon before me I hope I shall mett them all att Christ's rit 
hand among his sheep and lambs. 

I often look over tliis list with sorrow but with comfortable hopes that 
tiiey which are gone are gon to rest and I desire they that survive ma re- 
member their creator in the days of thire youth, and fear God betimes. 

III. In the hand of Elizabeth (Appleton) Fitch. 

An Account of my own Age and Childrens. 
I was born April 23'^ 1G82. 
my Daughter Eli// born August the IG''^ 1705. 
my son John born August y"" 18''' 170*J. 
son James born Jan'^ l'J"\ 1712. 
James son Dyed July 26'**, 1714. 
Daughter IMageret born no'"" l.V", 1715. 
Daughter Ann born July 10"\ 1718. 
James Fitch born oc^' 3^ Dyed January y" 2^ 1721. 
Mary Fitch born march 24*'\ 1724. 

my Daughter Eliz'' married to M' Jn° Wibird of Portsmouth y*^ 3*^ of 
January, 1727-8. 

my Grandson Anthony Wibird born Fel/ y*= 12'^, 1728-9. 

my Grandson John Wibird born June y^ 21"', 1730. 

my Grandson John Wibird Died July 28'^ 1731. 

John Wibird born 28"' of OctS 1731. 

He died the 7"' of february, 1731-2. 

M--. Wibird Died y« 15"' of March, 1731-2. 

my son John Died y*^ 26*'' of October, 173G. 

my Daughter Margaret Married to M' Henri Gibbs January 31, 1739. 

my father Died SeiUember 11, 1739. 

my Grand daugh Margaret Gibbs born december 14, 1739. 

my sister Holyoke Died June 25, 1740. 

my Grand daughter Marcy Gibbs born June 14, 1741. 

my daughter Margaret Gibbs Died no'"' 7, 1742. 

my Daughter Anne married to M'^ Nathaniel Gookin January 26, 1743. 

my grand daughter P^lizabeth Gookin born december 13, 1743. 

my grand daughter Margaret Gibbs died April 23, 1744. 

my Daughter Mary Fitch Married to M"" Francis Cabot June 20, 1745. 

ifty grand daughter Margaret Gookin born July 30, 1745. 

my grand daughter Elizabeth Gookin died no'^'^ 12, 1745. 

my grand daughter Anna Cabot born June 22, 1746. 

M^ Fitch died no'^'^ 22, 1746. 

my grand sun Nathanael Gookin born January 10, 1747. , 

my daughter Ann Gookin died february 14, 1747. 

my gran sun Frances Cabot born nove'"^ 24, 1747. 

my gran daughter Mary Cabot born March 12, 1749. 

40 Richard Cranch and his Family, [January^ 

my gran daughter Elizabeth Cabot born Decern^ 23, 1751. 

my grand sun William Cabot born April 27, 1752. 

my grand daughter Susanah Cabot born Jan' 13, 1754. 

my mother died March 13, 1754. 

my daughter Mary Cabot died June 18, 1756. 

my grand daughter Marcy Gibbs died September 11, 1756. 

my Brother Daniel Appleton died august 17, 1762. 

my granson Francis Cabbot Dide the 9 day of December, 1763. 

IV. In another hand. 

Elizabeth Fitch died Octo^ 18, 1765. 


Communicated by Mr. Nathaniel C. Peabody, of Boston, Mass. 

Richard Cran<?h, the author of the following *' memorandum," was the father of 
the late Hon. "William Cranch, of Washington. ^ The original paper was loaned to 
me by Elizabeth Cranch Norton, of Billerica, single woman, and granddaughter of 
Richard Cranch. I have copied it, paying strict regard to spelling, punctuation 
and capital letters. In that part of it where the second parenthesis occurs, the word 
*' who," thereafter, has been supplied by myself. 

My interest in the "memorandum" arises from being a descendant of Mary 
"Cranch, Richard's sister. She married Joseph Palmer, whose only son, Joseph P. 
Palmer, married my grandmother. — n. c. p. 

A short Memorandum ohout Richard Cranch and his family^ written in 

the year 1805 (when he xvas in the seventy-ninth year of^ his age), 

at the request of his daughter, Elizaheth Norton. 

I Richard Cranch of Quincy in the County of Norfolk and State of 
Massachusetts, Esquire, being, as I suppose, the first Person of the Name 
of Cranch who has had a Family of Children in America, would, for the 
information of my Posterity, give the following short account of myself and 
Family. I was born at Kingsbridge, a small Sea Port Town in the County 
of Devon, between Plymouth and Dartmouth. My Ancestors were born 
in the same Town or its Neighbourhood, and were chiefly if not wholly 
concerned in the Woolen Manufacture. My grandfather Andrew Cranch 
carried on the Business of Serge-making largely in the Town of Kings- 
bridge. My Father John Cranch was his only Son by his first Wife Ebufl^', 
and was born in the same town of Kingsbridge. His Grandfather Richard 
Cranch (for whome I was named) I have been informed was a rigid Puritan, 
and belonged to the Church of the Rev** and venerable Mr. John Flavel of 
Dartmouth. My mother's Name was Elizabeth Pearse, eldest Daughter 
of Christopher and Thomasin Pearse who lived at a place called Which- 
comb, a little above Lee-Mill Bridge, on the Borders of the River that runs 
under that Bridge, and not far from Cornwood Church. My said Grand- 
father Christopher Pearse married into the family of the Name of Trist 

^ For further notices of the Cranch family see ante^ vol. i. pp.65, 77; ix. 372. — [Editor.] 

1873.] Richard Cranch and his Family, 41 

in that Neighbourhood. lie liad three Sons and two Daughters. His 
eldest Sou John was the Father of John Pearse of Caton-Clam in the 
Parish of Ugborough, near Ivy Bridge, Gentleman, who died at a very- 
advanced age in the year 1804. Ilis second Son was William Pearse, whose 
Daughter Mary Mead, now or lately living at Plymouth, was the mother 
of William Pearse Mead (who came from England when he was a little 
Boy), and who now lives at Gcrmantown in the Town of Quincy. Ilis 
third Son Joseph died young and unmarried. Ilis eldest Daughter Eliza- 
beth was my Mother, as mentioned a])ove. His youngest Daughter Joan 
married Mr. John l^ihner of the Parish of Sluiugli in the County of Devon. 
She was the mother of the late Gen' Joseph Palmer, of Germantown, in 
Quincy aforesaid, who married my only Sister jNIary Cranch and removed 
from England with her in the year one thousand seven hundred and forty- 
six, with whome I also then came from England in a large Ship called the 
Wilmington commanded by Capt. Adams, and landed at Boston on the 
second Day of Novcm])er old stile the same year 174G. I was then just 
entered on my twenty-first year, having compleated my twentieth year on 
the 2()th Day of October then last passt. 

I was the youngest of seven Children who nil lived to grow up and 1 e 
married. Their Names were Jolin, Andrew, Joseph, Nathaniel, Mary, 
William and Richard. John the eldest Son was Educated under the Rev** 
Messrs. Henry Grove and Dr. Thos. Amory who kept an Academy at Taun- 
ton in the County of Somersett, for tlie Eilucation of young Gentlemen in- 
tended for the ministry among the Dissenters. He was ordained a minister 
over the Dissenting congregation at Modbury in the County of Devon, and 
afterwards removed to Ilniinster in the County of Somerset, where he was 
soon after taken Sick, and died there in the year 174G. He was the Father 
of Mr. Joseph Cranch who now lives at Milton in this neighbourhood, and 
married Elizabeth Palmer the youngest daughter of the late Gen' Joseph 
Palmer and Mary his Wife. They have no children. Andrew, Joseph, 
Nathaniel, William and Richard were brought up to trades. Joseph was 
the father of Mrs. Hannah Bond, wife of Mr. W'" Bond, watchmaker, now 
living in Boston — and also tlie Father of Mr. John Cranch of London, 
single Gentleman, of an unconnnon Genious in the fine Arts. 

As to my Life both Publick and Private, it has been known to the com- 
munity in which I have lived for near sixty years past, during which Period 
I have resided at or near Boston in New-England. I was formerly honored 
with a Seat in the General Court for a number of years as a Representative 
for the old Town of Braintree which then contained what is now devided 
into the three Towns of Braintree, Quincy and Randolph. I was after- 
wards chosen and served as a Senator of the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts, and also for a number of years one of the Judges of the Court of 
Common Pleas. I am now in the seventy-ninth year of my age. — My 
marriage-connexions and Children, and their connexions are all known 
among us, and will, as I hope, add the Lustre of Piety and Virtue to the 
valuable Accomplishments of a good and usefull Education. What is future 
is known only to God, to whome I commend myself and connexions through 
Jesus Christ ray Lord and Redeemer. 

This is an original Draft in my own Hand Writing, and signed by me 
at Quincy, this ll*'' Day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and five. 

Richard Cranch. 

Vol. XXVII. 4* 

42 The Rev. Samuel Johmon^ D.D, [January, 



Communicated by the Rev. George D. Johnson, A.M., Rector of St. Pdul's Church, 


The subject of this sketch, Samuel Johnson, was born in the year 1696, 
Oct. 14, in Guilford, Conn. His great-grandfather, Robert, was one of the 
early settlers of New-Haven, having emigrated from Kingston-upon-Hull, 
in Yorkshire, about 1637. The family seems to have been distinguished 
by no professional or civil eminence, till at the beginning of the eighteenth 
century, when, from the peculiar state of the religious world, Samuel 
Johnson was forced into a position of prominence, which mude his name 
widely known, both in England and America. In the century and a half 
which has elapsed since Johnson was on the stage of the world, such 
wonderful progress has been made in every department of knowledge and 
thought, that his name is now in danger of being ranked among the 
*' forgotten worthies" of New-England: but no more pure and noble life 
was ever lived among men, whose sole aim it was to serve God, and do 
good, as far as in them lay, in their day and generation. The era in which 
he lived, was one on which we are beginning to look back with somewhat 
the feelings with which we regard the age of romance, — when mailed 
knights, by the might of a single arm, and the valor of one dauntless heart, 
overthrew hosts of infidel enemies, and joined battle, with the most serene 
confidence in their own invincible prowess, with giants and monsters whose 
very description made our childhood shiver with fright In this age, when 
faith sits so lightly on the best of us, and the form of religion is changed 
with so little concern and interest, I am afraid it is almost impossible to 
understand the intense earnestness of the men of a hundred years ago, — 
with whom the form of faith was as vital as the faith itself, and quite as 
nearly concerned their temporal, as their eternal salvation. When Johnson 
was born, England was yet engaged, as Buckle expresses it, in the last 
struggle between barbarism and civilization, though " good " King William 
and Queen Mary sat on the throne, — Spain was bound hand and foot under 
the a^\ful tyranny of the holy office of the inquisition, and men dared not 
breathe a word against its power. France was slowly awaking to something 
resembling spiritual freedom, though the expulsion of the Jesuits was only 
just thought of, and Voltaire was not yet in long clothes. In this country, 
New-England was illustrating the grand principle for which our venerated 
Puritan forefathers are popularly supposed to have left the shores of their 
mother country, — religious toleration, — by cutting off the ears of Quakers, 
and hanging witches in Salem. The name of a bishop was considered a 
synonym for the fines of a star chamber, the tortures of rack and thumb- 
screw, or the flames of Smithfield. The Churcli of England wa^ looked 
upon by those who had come to this country, as a shade worse, if possible, 
than the scarlet-robed woman who sat on her seven hills : antl the 
determination to resist her encroachments, and keep her prelates from these 
shores, was as fierce and unbending, as was the resolution of the so-called 

' This vahiablo paper was read before tlic New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society^ Sept. 4, 1872, aud is iiow printed at their rcciuest. — [Editou.] 

1873.] Tlic Rev. Samuel Johnson, D.D. 43 

pioneers of religious liberty to abolish every form of religion but their own. 
The prominent point of interest to churchmen, in Dr. Johnson's long and 
varied career, is the mental conflict through which he came out of 
Congregationalism into the Church of England, — and the untiring zeal with 
which lie labored to promote her interests in this country : but he was a 
man of so large an understanding, so prominently connected with the 
progress of education and knowledge generally, during his life, that even to 
those who have no sympathy with him in his views of church government, 
his life cannot but be interesting. The quiet beauty of his autobiography 
and diary, — the inimitable quaintness and modesty of his own account of 
the great events, quorimi maff/ia pars fui't, — make it a strong temptation 
to the writer of this article to let him speak entirely for himself: but the 
propriety of condensing for such a sketch as this, entails the necessity of 
diluting with comment what would be infinitely stronger in its unadorned 

His education must have begun at an exceedingly tender age, as we find 
him, before he had arrived at the mature period of six years, suddenly and 
overwhelmingly impressed with the necessity of acquiring the Hebrew 
language, from the fact of his coming upon certain words in that tongue, in 
one of his grandfather's books, and learning that the scriptures were 
written originally in Hebrew and not in English. After a fruitless effort to 
embark him in a business life, his father gave him the opportunity to "be 
bred to learning in that college [Yale] which was about that time founding." 
At the age of ten, we find him com[)laiiiing that his tutor, whose name 
is not mentioned, was " such a wretched poor scholar, though a minister, 
that he could teach him little or nothing, so that he in a manner lost half a 
year." At fourteen he entered Yale College, then at Saybrook, graduating 
in 1714, with hardly as much progress as boys are now required to have 
made for entrance into colleije. In his own words: "But this lad considered 
these as only the beginning of things o;i which he was to go on and make a 
much greater proficiency in the course of his studies, — and for the rest of 
his time he was under the tuition of one Mr. Fiske, for Logic, Physics, 
Metaphysics and P^thics, — for Mathematics, further than the golden rule in 
Arithmetic, or a little surveying, was not yet tho't of." They heard, indeed, 
in 1714, when he took his bachelor's degree, of a new philosophy, that of 
late was all in vogue, — and of such names as DesCartes, Boyle, Locke and 
Newton : but they were cautioned against thinking anything of them, 
because the new philosophy, it was said, would soon bring in a new divinity 
and corrupt the pure religion of the country : and they were not allowed to 
vary an ace in their thoughts from Dr. Ames's Medulla Tlieologice. and Cases 
of Conscience, and WoUebius, which were the only systems of divinity that 
were thumbed in those days, and considered with equal, if not greater, 
veneration than the bible itself: for the contrivance of those and the like 
scholastical authors was to make curious systems in a scientific w^ay out of 
their own heads, and under each head to pick up a few texts of scripture, 
which seemed to sound favorably, and accommodate them to their 
preconceived schemes. 

It was a work of no great difficulty for a young man of this period, to 
acquire all the learning then within reach in this country, and Johnson 
having become master of all that was ordinarily accessible, was regarded 
as an adept, an opinion in which he confesses to have himself shared : but 
the accidental discovery of Bacon's Instauratio Magna, and a most thorough 
and repeated study of it, as he says, "soon brought down his towering 

44 The Rev. Samuel Johnson, D.D, [January, 

imaginations. He soon saw his own littleness in comparison with Lord 
Bacon's greatness, whom he considered over and over again, so that he 
found himself like one at once emerging out of the glimmer of twilight into 
the full sunshine of open day." 

Yale College might be described, at this time, as in a state of schism. 
Complaints of the inefficiency of the instructors at Saybrook were so 
frequent, that some of the students had withdrawn to Hartford, to pursue 
their studies under the direction of the ministers settled there; while others 
came to Guilford, to study with Mr. Johnson. There was a strong move- 
ment to change the place of the college from Saybrook to "Wethersfield, 
near Hartford ; and the matter assumed such importance that it was brought 
before the general court, which decided unanimously that the college should 
be removed to New-Haven. This, of course, failed to give satisfaction to 
the Wethersfield faction, and for some time longer the feud was kept up, 
till by a peremptory act of the government, all the scholars " were ordered 
to repair to the established college." Dr. Johnson's own account of the 
obedience rendered to this order, written half a century after, shows that time 
had not much softened his wrath at these obstinate collegiate schismatics. 
"They made," he says, "an appearance of submission, and came all at once, 
in a caravan ; but it soon appeared, they had no good intention. They 
found fault with everything, and made all the mischief they could, as they 
were doubtless instructed to do : and after six weeks, went all off, two and 
two at once, and continued in their former faction till the next general 
assembly, when the difference was compromised by this agreement, that 
they should return to their duty, and abide ; and that in case they did so, 
the degrees that had been given them, should be allowed good, and a state- 
house should be built at the public expense at Hartford. In consequence 
of this they put an end to the faction, and the scholars came and abode at 
New-Haven, but proved a very vicious and turbulent sett of fellows." As 
yet the college had had no president ; and about this time, Mr. Timothy 
Cutler, who graduated at Harvard in 1701, was chosen to the office. For 
a year, Johnson continued to act under him as a tutor, when he accepted 
the position of minister in West Haven, in 1720, at the age of twenty-four. 
There is a document existing which shows that he already entertained 
strong doubts of the validity of presbyterian orders ; and I give an extract 
from this, as showing his deep conscientiousness, as well as his remarkable 
modesty. The title is : " My present thoughts of Episcopacy, with what I 
conceive may justifie me in accepting Presbyterian ordination. Written 
at West Haven, Dec. 20, An. Dom. 1719." The ai'gument is lengthy, 
showing that he believes Episcopacy to be of divine right, but of a 
" positive," not a " moral " nature. Therefore, as Providence had placed 
him in the circumstances in which he stood, the obligation on him was 
"dissolved" for the "observance of this institution:" and then, in his own 
words : " Having thus stated the case, I leave it to impartial advice whether 
this be good divinity or not, that any circumstances will justifie me in what 
I propose to do: and if so, I submit it also to be considered whether my 
circumstances are such, which are these. 

1. The passionate intreaties of a tender mother. 

2. That my breaking forth upon an attempt of that nature, would be of 
vastly more disservice to the best interest of the Church itself, than my 
going over to it could be of service to it. 

3. That it can't be without most fatal jealousies to this Colledg, and the 
effects of it must be mischievous. 

1873.] The Rev. Samuel Johnson, D.D. 45 

4. That I must thereby be exposed to great dangers and difTiculties, to 
which I am a great stranger. 

5. INIy want of that politeness and those qualifications which would be 
HMjuisite in making such an ai)pearance. 

G. That in ord(!r to taking Episcopal orders, there are many things to 
be complied with, which I do not sufficiently understand. 

7. That the times, 'tis to bo feared, are very difficult at home, and it's 
likely not so good encouragement to such designs as might be wished for. 

8. That although I seem tolerably well satisfied in these my thoughts of 
the right of Episcojiacy, yet considering the meanness of my advantages, 
and the scantiness of my time hitherto, I have reason to be very jealous 
whether I have not too much precipitated into these o})ini()ns. 

And then, finally, perhaps I may in the meantime be doing some service 
to promote the main interest of religion, tho' it be not in a method so 

A note, added two years afterwards, gives the result : " Upon these 
principles I continued easy about two years, and then upon a more careful 
examination of the matter, I found I could not, with a good conscience, 
continue to administer in the name of Christ, when I was under persuasion 
I had never had a regular commission from him. And therefore, I thought 
it my boundcn duty to come over to the Episcopal side, that I might live 
and die in the unity of the Church. Accordingly I, with Dr. Cutler, Mr. 
Hart, JNIr. Whittlesey, Mr. Elliott, Mr. AVetmore, and Mr. Browne, made 
our public declaration for the Church, Sept. 13, 1722, at Yale College, New 

These facts are so well known in Connecticut ecclesiastical history, and 
so well described by Dr. Beardslee in his most excellent work on that 
subject, that no apology is necessary for omitting the various steps by which 
these gentlemen were brought to this conclusion. But there is something 
wonderfully striking in the picture suggested by the thought of these men 
standing calmly before the assembled dignitaries of the college, as champions 
of an ecclesiastical body whose name was as hateful to our worthy New- 
England fathers, as ever it was to the most bitter Scotch covenanter. An 
argument followed, of course, before Gov. Saltonstall, in which a vigorous 
effort was made to "reclame" these erring brethren. The discussion was 
begun " with calmness and decency," but the steadiness of the men who 
declined to be reclaimed, and the unpleasant strength of their position, 
based as it was entirely on the words of scripture, and unquestioned history, 
seem to have had anything but a soothing effect on the minds of the 
theological champions, whose aim was always to be Jirst j^ure, then 
gentle. Dr. Johnson describes the result, — "A harangue against them by 
an old minister in a declamatory way" was delivered with an amount of 
energy and directness that convinced the governor of the uselessness of the 
debate, so that he " genteelly " put an end to the conference. It is 
impossible, at this day, to imagine the horror and dismay which spread over 
the land at this awful defection on the part of men of such prominence as 
the president and professors of Yale College. It was too much to believe 
that men could deliberately come out of the glorious sunlight of congrega- 
tional freedom, into the dismal twilight, if not the infernal gloom, of 
prelatic superstition. President Woolsey, as Dr. Beardslee quotes, speaking 
of the event, says: "that greater alarm would scarcely be awakened now, 
if the theological faculty of the College were to declare for the Church of 
Rome, avow their belief in transubstantiation, and pray to the Virgin Mary." 

46 The Rev, Samml Johnson, D.D. [January, 

The year following, Cutler, Johnson and Browne sailed for England, 
followed by Wetmore, where they received orders in tlie Established 
Church, and, with the exception of Browne, who died of small-pox, returned 
the following year, 1723, to enter on their labors as missionaries under the 
venerable society for the propagation of the gospel in foreign parts. Dr. 
Cutler was chosen rector of Christ Church, Boston, which was erected that 
year. Johnson was appointed missionary in Stratford, Conn., where the 
church had been established for some years, but was struggling against 
many and painful difficulties. 

The diary of Dr. Johnson, during his year's stay in England, is, in itself, 
a most delightful piece of reading, but its spirit can hardly be shown by 
extracts. The fervent piety and earnest devotion of these pilgrims from 
the new to the old world, — their unfeigned awe and veneration, as they 
came in contact with the grand old monuments of England's past and 
present glory, — the glimpses of social life, whose freedom is somewhat 
startling to our more rigid modern ideas, — all make the temptation to 
quote almost too strong for the duty suggested by a sense of propriety, in 
abbreviating as much as possible, in a sketch of this kind. 

Thirty years were spent by Dr. Johnson in the work of the ministry, his 
field being a large part of the colony of Connecticut, west of the river. 
During this period, Bishop Berkeley visited America ; and for two years 
there was a most intimate communion between the two, on which, in his 
autobiography. Dr. Johnson dwells with extraordinary j^leasure. In 1754, 
he was chosen president of King's College, New- York, which was founded 
at this time. In this capacity he served for nine years, resigning the office, 
at last, in terror of the small-pox. This scourge had been particularly 
fatal to him, in his family and friends, as it had taken away his wife, his 
eldest son, and his friend the Rev. Mr. Browne, — and his fear of the 
disease seemed to amount to an absolute horror. His resignation of the 
presidency was in 1763; and Mr. Myles Cooper succeeded him in the office. 
The church in Stratford received him again as rector, and here the 
remainder of his days were spent, in the faithful discharge of the duties of 
his office, in correspondence with many of the bishops and clergy of the 
mother church in England, and in an active share in the literary and 
religious controversies of the day.^ 

His son, William Samuel Johnson,^ LL.D., had been sent abroad to 
England, as agent for the colonies in a law-suit with regard to the claims of 

^ Mr. Johnson received the degree of Master of Arts from both Oxford nnd Cambridge, 
while he was in England. His publications were chiefly controversial. In 1746 he published 
a work on ethics, entitled " A System of Morality ; " and in 1752, a compend of logic and 
metaphysics, and another of ethics, origially prepared for the use of his sons. The two latter 
were printed in Philadelphia, by Franklin, as text books for use in the university of Penn- 
sylvania. He was also the author of an English and a Hebrew Grammar, 1767 His Me- 
moir by Dr. Chandler was published in 1805. (See Drake's Dictionary.) — [Editok.] 

2 William Samuel Johnson. LL.D. (Y. C. 1788), D.C.L. (Oxon. 1766), was born in 
Stratford, Conn., Oct. 7, 1727, and dijd there Nov. 14, 1819. He was graduated at Yale in 
1746. He inherited the intellectual and moral traits of his distinguished father, and, as 
will be seen l)elow, left his mark upon the political fabric under which we live. He was a 
delegate to the Congress in New- York, in 1765; meml)cr of the council (Colonial); from 
October, 1766, to 1771, agent of Connecticut in England; from 1772 to 1774, a judge of the 
superior court of Connecticut ; a commissioner for adjusting the boundary between the 
proprietors of the Philadelphia and Susquehanna Co. ; delegate to the Congress in 1784-7; one 
of the framers of the federal constitution, and his great inHuencc there is evident from the 
published and unpublished del)ates of that memoral)lc convention. He first proposed 
the Senate as a branch of the legislative department. He was United States senator in 
1789-91, aiul aided in drawing up the federal jiuliciary act. He succeeded Dr. Myles 
Cooper in the presidency of Columbia College, and held the office from 1787 to 1800. (See 
Sketch of his life by John T. Irving, 1830; Drake's Dictionary.)— \Y.-Diioii.] 

1873.] The Rev, Samuel Johnson, D.D, 47 

the eastern states on the newly settled lands at the west. In October, 
1771, the year following the Boston Massacre, he returned, in time to close 
the eyes of his venerable father, who died on the festival of the Epiphany, 
Jan. G, 1772. Ilis remains lie in the church-yard in Stratford; but the 
frosts of a hundred winters have shivered the marble on which was inscribed 
the epitaph written by his devoted friend, Myles Cooper. As a worthy 
tribute to a noble life, I give it here, though it would seem as if so honored 
a tomb should not have been suffered to have been left without name or 
inscription, to mark the spot where Dr. Johnson lies: — 

" If decent dignity and modest mien, 
The cheerful heart and countenance serene ; 
If pure religion and unsullied truth, 
His age's solace, and his search in youth ; 
If piety, in all the paths he trod, 
Still rising vig'rous to the Lord liis God ; 
If charity, throui^h all tlie race he ran, 
Still wishing well, and doing good to man ; 
If learning, free from i)edantry and i)ride ; 
If faith and virtue walking side by side ; 
If well to mark his being's aim and end, 
To shine thro' life, a husband, father, friend; 
litkese ambition in thy soul can raise, 
Excite thy reverence, or demand thy praise. 
Header — ere yet thou quit this earthly scene 
Revere his name, and be what he has been." 

In conclusion, it may be mentioned that his son. Dr. Johnson the second, 
served after the revolution as president of King's College, when the name 
was changed to the more patriotic title which it now bears, Columbia. By 
one of those singular "revenges of time," the son of William Samuel, and 
grandson of the fiither of Episcopacy in Connecticut, married the grand- 
daughter of Jonathan Edwards, the great New- England ai:>ostle of 
Calvinism, — and thus the blood of the two grand, opposing j^hases of 
New-England theology, flowed on in one stream, in the veins of their 
descendants. Calvinism and Arminianism, Prelacy and Congregationalism, 
— Cavalier and Roundhead, — were blended in the bewildering mixture ; 
and as the swords of Prescott and Linzee will hang peacefully, side by side, 
as long as this country lasts, in the city for whose possession they were 
brandished by hostile hands, — so let discord end between the two 
theologies. May they go on, working their own work, in their own way, 
under the same Almighty Guide, — respecting each other's merits, 
forgetting each other's faults, till the great day comes, which shall decide 
the vexed questions between them, forever, when we render our final 
account to our Maker. 

The Royal Historical and Arch^ological Association of Ireland.— This as- 
sociation was formed in 1849, under the name of " The Kilkenny Archaeological 
Society." Its object is to preserve, examine and illustrate all ancient monuments 
of the history, language, arts, manners and customs of the past connected with 
Ireland. A " Journal," in imperial 8vo. has been published annually from 1849 to 
the present time. The first volume is out of print, but will probably be reprinted. 
The others can be obtained by addressing the Rev. James Graves, Treasurer, 
Inimag, Stoneyford, Ireland. The price to members is 10 shillings for each annual 

48 Freeholders of Rowley ^ 1677. [January, 


Copied from the Possession Books, and communicated by Matthew A. Stickney, Esq., 

of Salem, Mass. 

At a Legall Towne Meetinge the 22 of January 1677, It was agreed 
that the Select-men of the last year William Tenny, John Pickard Rich*^ 

Holms Dan^ Wicom John Pearson Jr. John Baley and the lot layers of 

both ends of the town, Tho. Lambert Rich*^ Swan John Pickard E. 
Northend Capt. Johnson John Stickney E. Mighell & Phillip Nelson are 
apointed to consider tender cases & state the free holds belonging to every 
person in the town & to see the same recorded — 

The free holds are entered to every one that appeared to have right to 
the same the 28 Jany 1677 — 

To Jonathan Hopkinson free hold 1 

To John Clarke free holds 2 

To Joseph Chaplin free hold 1 

To Nicholas Jackson free hold 1 

To Widow Cooper House & Gates free holds 2 

To John Burbank senior & son Caleb free holds 2 

To Sam^ Pallmor to 1 house he dothe live in & 5 gates free holds 2 

To William Jackson & to Johns house free holds 2 

To Sam^ Smith & Edward Smith house free hold 1 

To John Hopkinson one free hold 1 

To John Bointon one free hold 1 
To Caleb Bointon one free hold as long as he is servesable to the 

town in the trade of a Smith & to his children if servesable to the 

town in the same trade. 

To James Dickinson houses & gates free holds 3 

To Deacon Jewett free holds 2 

To Leno^ Ilerriman free holds 2 

To George Kilborn free holds 2 

To John Wicom free hold 1 

To Constance Crosbey house & free hold 1 

To John Pickard house by John Wicom & 6 gates free holds 2 

To Sami Dresser one house & that his mother lives in free holds 2 

To W"^ Bointon free hold 1 
To Daniel Wicom house that was Jo^ Trumbles and his own house 

& gates free holds 3 

To Ezekiell Jewet free holds 2 

To John Dresser free hold 1 

To John Trumble free hold 1 

To John Pickard house at Newbury field free holds 2 

To Jonathan Plats free hold 1 

To Tho. Lambert free holds 4 
To Tho. Nellson if he doth make it apear that he hath 5 or 6 gates 

two free holds (now made out) 2 

To Philip Nellson free holds 3 

To Ezekiell Northen free holds 4 

To Tho: Wood free holds 2 


Freeholders of Rowley , 1677. 


To Samuel Plats senor to his house & gates 2 free holds and one to 
Sam' Plates Jr. new house 

To John Grant 

To Richard Holms 

To Sam^ Mighili 

To Nath> Harris 

To John Harris senior 

To John Palmer 

To John Tod 

To Jos. Jcwett 

To Andrew Hidden 

To Henry Riley 

To Abel Plats house that he dwelt in 

To Dorithy Chapman 

To John Sawyer to his father & his own 

To William Lion 

To William Tenny 

one free hold 

three free holds 

one free hold 

one free hold 

two free holds 

three free holds 

three free holds 

one free hold 

one free hold 

two free holds 

free hold 

one free hold 

free holds 

one free hold 

two free holds 

To Ja* Baley Jr. as to his fathers right of house free holds 

To Abel Longley 

To Cha^ Browne 2 free holds on acct. that 

in the house when the grant was made 
To John Lambert for house 
To Widow Law 

To Capt. Johnson for his own house & the rights of Tho. Remington 

free holds 

two free holds 
there were two families 

three free holds 
two free holds 

To Francis Parrot 

To Mr. Crosby 

To Sami Brockelbank 

To David Bennet 

To Jo' Bointon 

To Tho. Burkbey 

To Rich^ Swan 

To Tho. Leaver senior 

To Tho. Leaver Jr. 

To John Scales his house & gates 

To I Aser 

To Mr. Sam^ Philips 

To Jo* Horsley 

To Rich*^ Lighten 

To Edward Hasen 

To Mr. Sam^ Shephards house 

To Mr. Rogers his house 

To Townes land bot. of Mr. E. Rogers 

To Widow Hobson 

To Widow Mighill 

To Widow Brockelbank 

To William Scales 

Te John Stickney 

To James Barker senior 

To Nath^ Barker 

To Brazilla Barker 

To Jachin Raynor 

To Jer« Elsworth 

Vol. XXVn. 5 

two free holds 

one free hold 

free hold 

two free holds 

one free hold 

one free hold 

two free holds 

one free hold 

one free hold 

two fres holds 

three free holds 

three free holds 

one free hold 

one free hold 

two free holds 

two free holds 

four free holds 

two free holds 

six free holds 

three free holds 

three free holds 

one free hold 

three free holds 

one free hold 

one free hold 

one free hold 

two free holds 

two free holds 




50 Marriages of Middlehunj College Graduates, [January, 

To Tho' Alley and his wife and the hears begotten of their own 

bodeys one free hold 1 

To John Pearson senior three free holds 3 

To Jolin Pearson Jr. two free holds 2 

To John Baley one free hold 

To the Mill one free hold 

To Tho Palmer by his mother one free hold 

To Gershom Browne one free hold 

To David Wheeler one free hold 

To John SpofFord senior one free hold 

To Abraham Jewitt one free hold 

To Tho. Tenny senior deceased free holds 2 

To Sam^ & Mark Prime from their father & Grandfather's right 

free holds 2 

To James Davis free hold 1 

To Benjamin Skillion free hold 1 

To John Kimball Bot. of Dan^ Wicom free hold 1 

To Isaac Jewitt & Jo' Fisk of Ips. bot. free hold 1 

To William Scales right July 21, 1708-9 free hold 1 

To Sam^ Perley bot. E. Northend free hold 1 

John Tenny saith that 24 years ago heard his father say that he intend- 
ed his son's Thomas & James should have his 2 free holds in Rowley 
& he never heard him say otherwise. May 15, 1711. 

Note. — A few of the last names appear to have been added after 1677. — m. a. s. 



Communicated by Philip Battell, Esq., of Middleburj. 

The following list was obtained in connection with answering certain inquiries 
of that accomplished and minute investigator, the late Rev. Pliny H. White, and 
from the character of the subject, as well as its general completeness, may be of 
sufficient interest to find a place in the Register. The romance of such a table is 
more easily eliminated than some possible errors from a record challenging some- 
times the recollections of four-score to verify it. The failure to report for record 
by persons other than Pastors, officiating at the ceremony, may sometimes explain 
the absence of the date. The College incorporation dates from 1800 ; classes were 
graduated, few students in all, in 1802 and 1803. 

Class of 

1804.— Milo Cooke married Harriet B. Latimer in 1808. 

1808. — Noadiah Moore m. Maria Mattocks in 1814. 

1800. — Harvey Bell m. Betsey Sargeant in 1818, and Sarah Young in 

1827 ; Jonathan D. Winchester m. Hannah Bean in 1811. 
1811.— Joel H. Linsley m. Mrs. Phehe H. Smith in 1817. 
1812. — James K. Piatt m. Eliza H. Henshaw in 1818. 
1813.— Ahiel P. Mead m. Martha Davis in 1818. 
1814. — Reuel Keith ra. Marietta Cleaveland in 1817; Calvin Foote m. 

Lucina Andrus in 1814 ; Richard Pearse m. II. Dana Hastings 

in 1814. 


1873.] Marriages of Middlebury College Graduates. 51 

1815.— Andrew V. T. Leavitt m. Julia Miller in 1819. 

181 G. — Ambrose L. Brown m. Mariah I. Hopkins in 1820. 

1818. — Marcus A. Perry m. Miss Beardsley in 1818. 

1819. — Beriah Green m. Marcia Deming in 1821, and Doraxa Foote in 

1820. — Ozias Seymour ra. Louisa M. Ilagar in 1827. 
1821. — Henry N. Fullerton m. Lucretia Gowdey in 1825. 
1822. — William Sargeant m. Elizabeth Hough in 1831, Isaac N. Sprague 

m. Addia M. Hart in 1822. 
1823. — Harvey Button m. Irene IMiller in 1823 ; and Sarah Miller in ; 

Lucius L. Tilden m. Julia Ackley in 1829. 
1824.— Alvah Sanford m. Clarissa Covill in 1828. 
1825. — Chauncey W. Fitch m. Margaret Ilenshaw in 1832. 
182G. — Bhilip Battcll m. Emma H. Seymour in 183G ; Jedediah Bushnell 

m. Mrs. Elizabeth II. Tlatt in 184 1. 
1827. — Henry Smith ra. Hannah Bates in 1833. 
1828. — Stephen R. Burrows m. Charlotte Storrs in 1831 ; Samuel TV. 

Cozzens m. Abby Bass in 1832; Nathaniel C. Clark m. Julia 

Barrows in 1832; Sendol B. Munger m. Maria Andrus in ; 

Wheelock S. Stone m. Martha Storrs in 1832. 
1829. — Edward D. Barber m. Lucy AVainwright in 1833 ; Truman M. 

Post m. Frances Henshaw in 1835. 

1830. — John Stocker m. Elizabeth Ripley in . 

1831. — David S. Sheldon m. INIary L. Foote in 183G ; Nelson Barbour m. 

Laura Ripley in 1835. 
1832. — Jonathan Blanchard m. Mary A. Bent in 1838 ; Henry B. McClure 

m. Harriet Ilenshaw in 1835. 
1834. — Calvin D. Noble m. Emeline Jewett in 1835 ; Lyman B. Peet m. 

Rebecca Sherrill in 1839; AVilliam Henry Starr m. Eliza A. 

Merrill in 1857. 
1835.— Merrill Richardson m. Emily Allen in 1838. 
183G. — William S. Martin m. Laura Ross in ; James D. Butler m. 

Anna Bates in ; Calvin Selden m. Mary Seymour in ; 

William Slade m. Nancy Chapman in 1840. 
1838. — Byron Sunderland m. Elizabeth M. Tomlinson in 1843; David 

Foot m. Esther Lamb in ; Franklin W^. Olmsted m. Mary 

McCotter in . 

1839. — David L. Hough m. Eliza Martin in ; George S. Swift m. 

Louisa May in 1851. 
1840. — Julius A. Beckwith m. Abby M. AYainwright in 1847 ; Matthew 

D. Gordon m. Charlotte Swift in 1849. 
1842. — Dugald Stewart m. Sophia C. Allen in 1857. 
184G. — John W. Stewart m. Emma Battell in 18 GO. 
1847. — AYarren W. Winchester m. Catherine M. Severance in 1848; Velie 

H. Deane m. Delia Wilcox in 1847. 

1848. — J. Fames Rankin m. Mary Birge in . 

1849. — Oliver W. Winchester m. Mary A. Larnerd in . 

1852. — John Howe m. Helen Barber in ; Royal D. Ross m. Harriet 

Eaton in 1855 ; Rufus AYainwright m. Sarah T. Bell in 18G7. 
1853.— David G. Hooker m. Sarah P. Harris in 1862. 

1855. — K. O. Graves m. Mary Meeker in . 

1857. — Alanson S. Barton m. Mary Barrows in 1861. 

52 Sable Island, [January, 

1858. — George Fisher ra. Susan G. Copeland in 1860 ; Brainerd Kellogg 

m. Julia M. Culter in 1862. 
1859. — S. Leroy Blake m. Emma A. Severance in 1859. 
1860. — William H. Green m. Lucinda Tilden in 1861 ; John K. Williams 

m. Anna E. Dennison in 1867 ; Roswell Harris m. Jennie M. 

Harris in 1866 ; Merritt B. Farr m. Jane A. Langworthy in 1861. 
1861. — William H. Button m. Emma Foote in 1865 ; George E. Plumbe 

m. Clara P. Russell in 1863 ; Ezra Warner m. Jeannie Remsen in 

1861 ; Algernon N. Goodnow m. Lucy Langworthy in 1862. 
1862. — E. Lyman Knapp m. Martha A. Severance in 1865 ; Ethan A. 

Sturdevant m. Beaumelle Rockwell in 1866. 
1864.— Ezra Brainerd m. Frances V. Rockwell in 1868; William C. TU- 

den m. Mary E. Linsley in 1869. 
1868.— Alfred E. Higley m. Jennie Van Vliet in 1869 ; Edwin H. Higley 

m. Jennie Turner in 1870. 


Communicated by Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U. S. N. 

In directing our course to the northward, and previous to entering the 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, we find this island standing directly in the way, as if 
to guard the passage against friends and foes. It has gained a melancholy 
celebrity as the grave of hundreds of brave soldiers who have been cast 
upon its wild and desolate shore. The island is about thirty miles in 
length, very low, and without a tree or other object to distinguish it from 
the surrounding ocean, which it so much resembles in color under certain 
effects of light and shade, that a ship might run upon it almost before the 
seamen were aware of it. In foggy weather, so prevalent in those latitudes, 
and in dark nights, the danger is increased in tenfold degree, as independent 
of this barely visible danger, the island has on either flank an extensive shoal ; 
that on the north-west end stretching out sixteen miles, and on the opposite 
extremity to twenty-eight ; forming a line of danger seventy-four miles of 
extent, standing directly in the track of ships entering the St. Lawrence. 
The whole body of the Atlantic, breaking on this long sand-bank in a 
storm, produces the most terrific effect; the island seems shaken to its 
foundation, while the extended shoals on either end are covered with 
foaming breakers. To add to the perils surrounding this dreary spot, the 
Florida Gulf Stream, on its course to the north-east, meets near this with 
the great body of water sent down by the St. Lawrence, creating such 
variety of currents and counter-currents, that no dependence can be placed 
on the reckoning of the ship ; and these effects are of course increased 
during the prevalence of stormy weather. So disastrous have been these 
consequences, that the government of Nova Scotia founded there an 
establishment for the supply of shipwrecked seamen, under charge of a 
superintendent, wlio had [in 1843] resided Avitli his family on this desolate 
spot forty years, in what may be called a cottage residence, being of one 
story only in height, and having joined to it a building containing the stores, 
and a large barn. Narrow as the island is, it contains a salt water lake 

1873.] Suhle Island, 53 

' eighteen miles in lenf^th and nearly one in breadth. At each end of it is 
ronstructed a hut containing some provisions, means of striking a light and 
directions to the superintendent's house. On the highest of the sand-hills 
is placed a flag-staff for the ])ur])ose of making signals to vessels in distress. 

On the early discovery of this island by the Portuguese, they humanely 
stocked it with cattle, which, running wild, increased to so great a degree, 
that it became a speculation among certain adventurers to land and kill 
M tliem for their hides and tallow; but so numerous had they become, and the 
[| visits to the island so precarious, that it required a hundred years to 
exterminate them. The island was several times again stocked, and as often 
were the animals destroyed. The cattle are now replaced by a race of wild 
horses, whose first arrival on the island is a matter of obscurity. These, 
however, with rabbits, furnish the principal live stock, and the latter are 
shot for the sake of their flesh. — (Ri:gi.stp:r, ante^ vol. xxiv. p. 106.) 

Sable Island is 90 miles S. E. of Nova Scotia, in lat. 4o° 50' N., long. 
59° 47' W. of Greenwich, and is covered with grass and wild pears. 
Fisheries in its neighborhood are prosecuted with success. 

I have condensed the above account of Sable Island from vol. xlii. of 
Colburn's United Service Magazine, July, 1843, for the purpose of 
introducing the following notes. 

The London Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for 1842, page 7G8, 
copies as follows from the London I'imes: 

"Discovery on Sable Island. — The Halifax papers of last week 
published the following singular discovery : — The following facts ha^ e 
been made known to us by a gentleman of this city, who has had his 
information from the best authority, viz. : Capt. Darby, sen., Governor (as 
he is called) of Sable Island. For the last 25 or 30 years there has been 
a large mound or pyramid of sand, about 100 feet high, on the island, and 
not very far from the residence of Capt. Darby. The winds for some years 
have been gradually, diminishing its height, and after a severe blow some 
weeks since it was completely blown away, and singular to say, a number 
of small houses, built of the timbers and planks of a vessel, were quite 
visible. On examination they were found to contain a number of articles 
of furniture, and stores put up in boxes, which were marked ' 43^^ Regiment.' 
The boxes and cases were perfectly rotten, and would not admit of their 
being removed. A brass dog collar was however discovered by Capt. 
Darby, with the name of 'Major Elliott, 43*^ Regiment,' on it, and which 
Capt. Darby brought to the city, and presented to Major Tryon, who 
belongs to the 43d Regt." — Halifax Herald. 

Capt. Darby has endorsed this announcement. Addressing the editor of 
the Halifax Herald, on Wednesday, he says : " The houses are appearing 
at the base of the hill about 2 miles long, and 60 or 70 feet high, lying 
parallel with the south coast of the island, the eastern end of which hill is 
about 55 feet high, covered with grass and other vegetation, about 35 feet 
below the surface, and 23 above the level of the sea ; these houses appear 
as the sands wear away with the action of the winds. There appeared at 
times numerous bullets of lead, a great number of military shoes, parts of 
bales of blankets and cloths, brass points of sword scabbards, bees-wax, a 
small glass, convex on both sides, a copper George 11. half penny, dated 
1749 ; some military brass buckles, a great number of brass paper-pins, a 
very small dog's brass collar, with ' Major Elliott 43'"^. Regiment ' engraved 
on it, numerous bones, some whole and some broken, with the scalp of hair 
and head-dress of a young female, a piece of gold band. There are three 

Vol. XXVII. 5* 


Sable Island. 


buildings, ■which seem to have been constructed of the fragments of some 
ship ; they are situated about ten feet apart in a triangular form, and are 
ten to twelve feet square." — Times, Sept. 17, 1842. 

I have searched the succeeding volumes of the Nautical Magazine without 
finding any further notice of this discovery, which ought to have claimed, 
at that time, considerable attention. The date on the half penny and the 
character of the articles found, seem to indicate that the remains were 
those of some ill-fated man-of-war or transport, possibly one of those 
engaged in the expedition against Louisbourg. Was the 43c? Regiment on 
that expedition ? 

I find in Schomberg's Naval Chronology, vol. i. pp. 293-94, under the 
head North America, that on the 11th of Sept., 1757, Vice Admiral 
Hobboune put to sea from Halifax to cruise off Louisbourg, in hopes, should 
the enemy venture out, he might be able to attack them to great advantage. 

On the evening of the 24th of September, being twenty leagues to the 
southward of his station, he with his fleet encountered a severe gale from 
the east, which veered to the south and blew a perfect hurricane until eleven 
o'clock the next day, when, on a sudden, it shifted to the north and by that 
means saved the whole' fleet from utter destruction, being at this time close 
in with the rocks off Cape Breton. The Tilsbury was driven on shore 
about two leagues from Louisbourg, and was totally lost ; Capt. Bamsley 
and most of the crew perished. Fifteen vessels of the fleet were dismasted, 
and one, the Ferret, is reported as having foundered at sea, and crew 
perished. The French fleet also felt the bad effects of this tempest, and 
those which escaped the English cruisers arrived at Brest at the end of 
November, in a most crippled condition. Probably the annals of the 43d 
regiment, if it could be had, would fix the date of this misfortune to a 
portion of it. 

Perhaps you, or some of your readers, may be able to trace out 
who the unfortunates were, and when they met their untimely fate. I 
have had neither the means nor opportunity to ascertain the names of 
all the British ships of war or transports that have been shipwrecked near, 
or foundered while attached to, the Halifax station since 1749, but I find in 
Gillie's Narratives of Shipivrecks in the Royal Navy between 1793 and 1857, 
a list of all the vessels of the royal navy lost between those years, — the 
total number being 427 vessels and 16,192 lives. In 72 vessels all on 
board are supposed to have perished. Of these the following are named 
as having been lost or foundered near Halifax, prior to 1842 : 

off Halifax, 
all lost C supposed to have foundered 
\ on coast of Newfoundland. 

foundered on Halifax station. 
( " " return to Eng- 

\ land from Halifax, 
on passa<^e W. I. to Halifax, 
foundered near Halifax. 

" on Halifax station. 
" near Halifax, 
between Falmouth k Halifax. 
Halifax station. 

between Halifiix i^- Falmouth, 
from Halifax to Kiii^laud. 
Falmouth to Halifax. 



Date. No. 

on board 




Nov. 16 
























Herring • 























Calypso packet 6 







1873.] Witchcraft Papers,— 1692. 55 


The Register is indebted to J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., for the following papers, 
relating to the Salem witchcraft delusion. The first is printed from the original. 
The second i)aper is a copy of the writing sent out for signatures by persons opposed 
to the further j^rosecution of the " suspected witches." For additional information 
about Mary Easty, sec Upham's Salan Witchcraft, vol. ii. pp. 324-27. 

An Account Received from the mouth of Mary Ilerrick a^ed about 17 
yeares having been Afflicted the Devill or some of his instruments, about 2 
month. She saith she had oft ])een Afflicted & that the shape of M" Hayle 
had been represented to her, One amongst others, but she knew not what 
hand Afflicted her then, but on the 5"* of the 9"' She Appeared again with 
the Ghost of Gooddee Easty, & that then M" Ilayle did sorely Afflict her 
by pinching, pricking & Choaking her. On the 12"' of the 9^^ she Came 
again & Gooddee Easty with her ct then M". Ilayle did Afflict lier as for- 
merly. S*^ Easty made as if she would speake but did not, but on the same 
night they Came again & M" Ilayle did sorely Afflict her, & asked her if 
she thought she was a TVitch. The Girl answered no, You be the Devill. 
Then said Easty s*^ & speake. She Came to tell her She had been put to 
Death wrongfully & was Innocent of Witchcraft, & she Came to Vindicate 
her Cause & she Cryed Vengeance, Vengeance, & bid her reveal this to M*" 
Hayle & Gerish, & then she would rise no more, nor should M" Hayle 
Afflict her any more. Memorand : y* Just before s'^ Easty was Executed, 
She Appeared to s*^ Girl, & said I am going upon the Ladder to be hanged 
for a Witch, but I am innocent, & before a 1 2 Month be past you shall be- 
lieve it. S"^ Girl s*^ she speake not of this before because she believed she 
was Guilty, Till M" Hayle appeared to her and Afflicted her, but now she 
believeth it is all a Delusion of the Devil. 
' This before M^ Hayle & 
Gerish l^**' of the 9'^ 1G92. 

To the Grave and Juditious ye Generall Assembly of the Province of ye 
Massachusets Bay in New-England the humble petitions of several In- 
habitants of the Province afore''^ may it please the honorable Assembly 
that whereas several persons of good fame and of unspotted reputation stand 
committed to several gaols in this Province upon suspistion of sundry acts 
of witchcraft only upon bare specter testimonie many w^hereof we cannot 
but in Charity Judge to be Innocent and are sensible of their great Afflic- 
tion and if sd. specter testimonie pass for evidence have great grounds to 

fear that the Innocent will be condemned upon . A woeful chain 

of consequences will undoubtedly follow besides the uncertaintie of y^ exemp- 
tion of any person from ye like accusation in ye said Province — the serious 
consideration whereof we have humbly tendered to you in our 
HUMBLE ADDRESS IN ANOTHER PAPER ; such peculiar matter of fact 
therein asserted and we have sufficient testimonie ready to aver ye same : 
therefore request that ye validitie of specter Testimonie may be weighed in 
ye balance of your grace and solid Judgments it being the womb that hath 
brought forth inextricable damage and misirie to this Province and to order 
by your votes that no more credence be given thereto than the word of 
God alloweth by which means God will be glorified their Majesties honored 
and the Interest and welfare of the Inhabitants of ye Province promot- 
.ed and your Petistioners in duty boune shall dayly pray. 


Capt. Raskins' s Company of Milhia, — 1773. [January, 



Communicated by David G. Haskins, Jr., Esq. 

John Haskins, the son of Robert and Sarah (Cook) Haskins, was born in Boston, 
March 13, 1729. His father came to Boston from England, and died during the 
infancy of his only son, — the subject of this notice. 

John Haskins was commissioned by Governor Hutchinson captain of a company 
in Colonel John Erving's Boston regiment, and on the 26th day of February, 1772, 
as certified on the back of his commission, he took " the oaths appointed by act of 
Parliament to be taken instead of the oaths of Allegiance and SujDremacy, repeated 
and subscribed the test or declaration in said act contained, together with 
the oath of abjuration and also the oath appointed by law to be taken respecting 
the bills of credit of the neighboring governments," before John Erving, John 
Leverett and Thomas Dawes, Field Ofiicers. 

Being of royalist politics, he took no part in the revolutionary struggle which 
soon ensued. Mr. Haskins was married in Maiden, March 12, 1752, to Hannah, 
daughter of Phineas and Hannah (Wait) Upham, of Maiden, and died in Boston, 
Oct. 27, 1814, leaving a numerous posterity who are now widely scattered over the 

The Alarm List of the Company of Militia under the Command of Capt. 

John Haskins, 1773. 

Joshua Richardson, aged 

W"\ Coffin, do. 

W". Lowder, do. 

Benj\ Lowder. 

Joshua Spear. 

Isaac Means. 

John Smith. 

Nich'. Pierce, Engine. 

Henderson Inches., 

John Fairservice. 

Benj^ Evington. 

Eben^ Seaver. 

Sam^. Coverley. 

Adam Hardwick, Fish^. 

Thomas Roatch. 

Conrad Rex. 

Dotson Williams, Fish". 

John Lord 

Peter Johonnot. 

Paul Dudley Richards. 

Daniel Dana. 

W'". Chapel. 

Jacob Iladrick. 

John Stevens. 

Johnson Jackson, aged. 

Jose})li Hood, mariner. 

Aaron INI ay, Town Officer. 

Josepli Chirk, Commis^ 

Sam^ Wlieeler, Engine. 

Josiah Wheeler, Do. 

Nath^ Wheeler. 

Thomas Edes, Town Officer. 

Nath^ Cobbet. 

Joseph Moffiit. 

Robert Wier. 

W™. Plimpton. 

Jonas Raymond. 

W". Crane. 

James Bird. 

Thomas Betterley. 

Thomas Blake. 

Benj^ Whitmarsh. 

James Blake. 

Charles Simpson. 

Jonh Spear. 
Benj^ Crane. 
James Thayer. 
Jonathan Arnold. 
Nathan Dorr. 

James Richardson, T. Officer. 
John Martin, Jun*". 
Ebenezcr Dorr. 
W". Cushing. 
John Kinley. 
Sam'. Breeden, Engine. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Stephen Harris, aged. 

1873.] Cain. HasJcins's Comjjany of Militia,— 1113. 


Stephen Harris, Jun'. 

Benj^ Thompson. 

Joseph Dorr. 

Philip Marchant. 

Sam^ Wales. 

Joshua Gore. 

W™. Cheney. 

John liosson. 

W™. Martin. 

Edw'^ Wentworth. 

Ignatius Jordan. 

John Warren. 

John Lucas, T. Officer. 

John Ridgeway. 

John Cowdrey. 

John Trurabal. 

Calvin White. 

Benj^ Wolcott. 

George Ilex. 

Elisha Holmes, T. Officer. 

Jonathan Patten. 

Joshua Farrington. 

Isaac Bird, T. Officer. 

Nath^ Tuckerman. 

Nath'. Wardel. 

Alexander Martin. 

Josiah Richardson. 

Jacob Martin Heiter. 

Sam^ Frost. 

John Butterfield, aged. 

Richard Faxon. 

Eleb Faxon. 

Enoch Brown. 

Daniel Parker. 

W'". Shattuck. 

Kath^ Sever. 

Elisha . 

Thomas Bracket. 

James Armstrong. 

Thomas Stafford. 

W^. Gooch. 

Thomas Lamb. 

Benj^ Scott. 

Thomas Bangum. 

Elijah Roberts. 

Nath^ Bradlee. 

Sam^ Sprague. 

Joseph Lovering, Engine. 

Benj*^ Veazie. 

Benj^ Ross. . 

John Welsh. 

George Batterman» 

Cornelius Foster. 

George Lush, Jun'. 

Nath'. Wier. 

Nath^ Russel. 

Thomas Stowel. 

John Briant. 

Zachariah Hildrith. 

John Lewis Obree. 

John Akers, mariner. 

Thomas Peck. 

Philip Peck. 

Thos. Foster, Church Officer. 

Joseph Foster. 

Solomon Kneelandj aged. 

Adam Collson.^ 

Daniel Bates. 

John Fenno, Engine. 

John Kennaday. 

John Chandler. 

Ephraim Segar, aged. 

Abijah Hammond. 

JoslV. Henshaw, Jun'., A.M. 

And*. Henshaw, do. 

^Y"'. Kitchen. 

Martin Geyer. 

Josiah Lewis. 

Richard Floyd. 

Peter Geyer, Fish". 

Henry C. Geyer, do. 

W". McClure, mariner. 

Jesse Perry. 

Natli^ Sheppard. 

Nath^ Phillips, aged. 

W". Phillips. 

Nath^. Phillips, Jun'. 

Jon^ Sever. 

Joseph Davenport. 

Isaac Clark. 

John Pearson. 

Benj^ Clark. 

John Brown. 

Thomas Wheeler. 

Edmond Frost. 

Amos Cook. 

Daniel Sever. 

Jeremiah Gore. 

W™. Hall. 

W"^. Corbet, Engine. 

James Hewins. 

Simon Hollis. 

Nath^. Francis. 

Thos. Nolen, T. Officer. 

Obediah Thayer. 

Joseph Arnold. 


Petition of Connecticut Soldiers in the Revolution. [January, 

Jon*. Griffin. 

Seth Cliapin. 

Enoch Greenleaf. 

John Peirce. 

Joseph Field. 

Nathan Tufts. 

John Carnes, Jun'. 

Benj\ Thompson. 

W"". Rogers, T. Officer. 

Ephraim Capen. 

W™. Marshall. 

John Walker. 

Sam^ Bates. 

Moses May, Commis". 

Amasa Davis. 

Sam^ Holbrook. 

Robert Pierpont, coroner. 

John Hopkins. 

W". Ames. 

Benj^ Cobb, T. Officer. 

Dan'l Brown. 

Sam'l Richards. 

Caleb Davis, Church Officer. 

Isaac Lufkin. 

Remember Preston. 

Nath'. Curtis. 

Stephen Jennings. 

Joseph Hovey. 

Richard Rowen. 

David Dickey. 

Edw'^. Hunt. 

John Crane, Jun^ 

Thomas Hewins. 

Jacob Constantino. 

Sam^. Searl. 

Jon^ Dillaway. 

James Buckley. 

Benj^ Dorril. 

Stephen Gill. 

Robert Fairservice. 

John Dicks. 

Josiah Torrey, Jun"". 

Thomas Moor. 

John Hunt. 


Communicated by Mr. Ledyard Bill, of New- York, N. Y. 

The following document is from Captain Nathaniel Webb's Orderly Book in my 
possession, and is a verbatim copy. — l. b. 

Camp Reading, Dec'. 27'^ 1778. 
Petition, to his Excellency Gov, Trumbull. 

May it please your Excellency. The Sense of the Importance of 
opposing with Force, y® attempts of Great Brittain to enslave our Country, 
induces us to lay before your Excellency the Condition of that Part of y® 
Army raised from the State of Connecticut & y^ great Danger of their dis- 
banding & returning to their several Homes. 

They have may it please your Excellency been promised a Blanket, & 
other Cloathing annually fromy® Continent t^ a Blanket from y'^ State every 
year, for each non-commissioned Officer & Soldier, these Promisses have 
not been complied with, so far from it, that altho' wee have not, one half 
y° Quota of Men this State was to raise, wee assure you not less than four 
hundred are to this Day totally destitute, & no one has rec*^ two Blankets 
according to Contract, nor has more than one half of the Cloathing promis- 
ed ever been rec^ or any compensation made for y° deficiency, that when 
they have Coats they are without Breeches, & when they are supplied with 

IS 73.] Petition of Connecticut Soldiers in the Revolution, 59 

Shoes, tlicy have neitlier Stockings nor Shirts, & at this Inclement Season 
many of our Men are suffering for want of Blanketts, Shirts, Breeches, 
Shoes & Stockings, & some are destitute of Coats & Waistcoats. 

The increased Price of every necessary and Convinience of Life, is 
another Grievance most sensibly experienced by y*^ Soldiery in their March% 
& in other Situations, they are necessitated to purchase Provisions & Vegeta- 
bles when in Camp. — The Prices now asked for one Meal is from three to eight 
Shillings, Turnips from two to three Dol" pr Bushel & other Vegetables in 
proportion, that a Soldiers month Pay is consumed in about three days in 
furnishing himself with necessaries not supplyed by the Publick. — These 
are Grievances very greatly & Justly complained of by your Soldiers, & 
Officers of every Rank are Sharers in the Consequences of these Evils. 

An expectation of Redress has retained y'^ Soldiery hitherto, but Deser- 
tions Daily increase & unless that Justice which is their due is done, Wee 
assure your Excellency wee fear it will not be in our Power to retain them. 
Wee have y^ greatest Reason to believe they will wait y^ Event only of 
their Petition at y^ Adj'^ Assembly, & should that Assembly arise without 
doing them Justice in y*^ past depretiation of y° Currency, wee are con- 
vinced y*^ greater part of y^ Soldiery will desert. 

Wee assure your Excellency wee have & shall continue to appease every 
discontent which has y*^ remotest Tendancy to produce Mutiny & Desertion 
or any other Act prejudicial to y*' Service & wee have y^ Satisfaction to 
believe wee possess y^ Love & Affection of y® Soldiery & that they are not 
desireous to forsake us or y® Cause of their Country. 

But may it please your Excellency they are naked in a severe Winter, 
they are hungry & have no Money. Wee have promised them redress, wee 
have assured them of y^ good Intentions of their Country towards them, & 
that Justice was intended & would be done them, but their Patience is ex- 
hausted & wee shall not be able Longer to gain Credit with them. 

We acknowledge with Gratitude y^ Kind Intentions of our Assembly 
towards us, & are sensible some Embarrassments are in y^ Way of that 
Justice . . . us as their Soldiery under our Command which is our just 
Right, but we cannot be convinced 'tis more Reasonable for us to rely on 
y® Provision Congress may be supposed to make in some future Time, than 
for this State to rely on that Body for doing them Justice, especially when 
wee consider y*^ conditions of y*^ Officers & Soldiery from y^ Extreme Parts 
of y^ States in y^ Union, are so very different that one general Rule can- 
not be adopted which will do us justice, & that when we consider that 
your Excellency in your Proclamation for raising y^ Soldiers pledg'^ y^ faith 
of y® State for y^ punctual fulfdment of every Ingagement, made with y* 
Soldiers by Congress. 

Wee hope & trust that our Assembly at their next Session will remove 
y® Causes of our Complaint & satisfy us those Losses wee have sustained 
by y*^ past depreciation of Money & give those Assurances of keeping good 

I our future pay & redress our other Grievances that no Cause of Complaint 
may remain among us, but should not this be done, wee still think it to be 
our Indispensible Duty to make this publick Representation before y^ Evils 
we are convinced will flow from them have happened, least wee should be 
sensured for our Silence when y® Event has taken place. 

Wee beg your Excellency to lay this Representation before y^ Assembly 
& to assure them wee have y^ most ardent Desire to assist in our several 
Stations in reducing that Power which involved our Country in this Cruel 
War & to promote that Order & decency in y^ Soldiery, so necessary to y® 
Attainment of this End. 

60 Inscriptions from Grave-stones in SeahrooJc, N. H, [January, 

Wee have furnish'd our Agent with a Calculation, founded on y® best 
Evidence in our Power, that being adopted by our Assembly will in our 
Oppinion quiet our Troops & that nothing short will give them Satisfaction. 

Wee have the Honour to be with y® Greatest Esteem Your Excellencies 
Ob't. Servants. 


Communicated by J. Wingate Thornton, Esq. 

" Here lyes y® Body | of Mrs. Elizabeth | Weare wife to Nathaniel | 

Weare, Esq'* aged | 75 years Dec^ ye 10 | Feb^. Anno 1712." 
"Here lyes y^ Body | of M'. Bonus Morten. Died Apriel | 30 1718 

Aged I 61 years." [Son of Wm. Norton^ of Ipswich, and of Lucy 

Downing- Winthrop Norton. His wife was Mary, daughter of Joseph 

and Sarah (Goodhue) Whipple, oi Ipswich. See Register, vol. xiii. 229.] 
"Here lyes y^ | Body of Isaac I Green aged 70 | years Dec^. | May 12, 

"Here lyes y® Body | of Mary Heath | wife of Nehemiah | Heath 

aged 28 | years died y« | 16 of April 1715." 
" Here lyeth Mr. John Stan I yan who | died Sept' y' 26 [ 1718 aged 

" Sacred to | Henry Dow | Died January y« 22 1738-9 in | y^ 64*^ year 

of his age." 
"Mary Dow | wife of | Henery Dow ] Died May y' 18 | 1739 in y« | 

62 year of her I Age." 
". . . . Samuel | . . . . Dow died [ May 9, 17[73?] in | the 71 year | 

of [his? her?] age." 

While the copyist was deciphering these moss-covered stones, the 
venerable Edward Gove, tall and spare, and with broad brim, came from 
the plain Quaker meeting-house close by where the Sunday morning 
service had just closed and he had preached, — and said: "I have the 
original deed of trust from Thomas Chase to the Quakers about 1701 or 
1702, to be used for their worship and burial." Hardly had the good man 
left when I recalled him, for at the moment my eye had fallen on the 
almost illegible name of Chase : " Here lyes y® Body | of Thomas Chase 
I Dec^. y^ 23 Day of | 8^ mo. 1714 | in y« 72*^ year | of his age." This 
was the grave of the Donor, whose name had just been on the lips of the 
venerable minister, Edward Gove, whose progenitor, of the same name, 
lived in this part of Ancient Hampton now called Seabrook, and, it is said, 
owned a large part of its territory. Doubtless he was buried near where 
we stood, though no mark of his resting-place remains. He was a quick, 
driving, busy man, and conspicuous in vindicating the right as he understood it. 

" Here lies y^ Body | of Mrs. Lydia North | y^ Wife of Mr. | Joseph 
North | Dec*^. June y^ 13 | 1732 in y« 38 | year of her age." 

These grave-stones are in the east corner of the Quaker ground, next the 
street. The place affords a fine view of Hampton Falls Village, where the 
Rev. Paine Wingate preached before he retired to Stratham and civil 
honors, and where the monument to Meshec Weare commemorates his 
great services. 

873.] IlamjHon Falls and the Rev. Paine TVingate. Gl 


Communicated by J. Wingate Thornton, Esq. 

"Province of ) To the Reverciul Mr. Paine Wingate of Hampton 
New-Hampshire) Falls in said Province — 

Kevd. Sir Whereas there was a Vote Passed at a Leffal meetinor of the 
Freeholders and Inhabitants of your Parish of Hampton Falls afore'd : on 
the Nineteenth day of December last Past to P>uild a New meeting house 
and set it on the Vacant Land by Jeremiah Lanes in said Parish and a 
Committee was Chosen to Build said meeting house wdiich said Committee 
have Proceeded to build said house and have so far finished it as to be 
Comforta})le and fit for the Publick Worship of God to be Performed 
therein and we the subscribers being Freeholders and Inhabitants of said 
Parish and your Parishioners being Desirous that said meeting house ma}' 
be solemly Dedicated to the Publick worship of God and that the Duties 
of your Sacred Function may be by you Performed there, 

Do hereby signify to you our hearty Desire and Sincere Request that 
you w^ill Come to the Said house and Perform the same In doing which we 
Trust & hope you will Honour God ac(]uit your Self worthily in your 
Sacred ollice and Do Great good to your Parishioners 
Hampton Falls December the 4 1769 " 

" Jedadiah Sleeper Benjamin Sanborn 

Jonathan Burnham Caleb Tilton 

Daniel Brown Nathan Brown 

Malcher Ward Isaac Green 

Josiali Moulton Eaton Green 

John Clifford Samuel James 

Jacob Green Jonathan Cram 

Francis Burnham Jonathan Perkins 

^ Paine Wingate was boni in Amesbur}',Mass,,May 14,1739, and died in StratIiam,N.H;, 
March 7, 1838. He was a gr. grandson of Joh7i, of Dover, N. H., 1660 ; grandson of Col. 
Joshua (born in Dover, Feb. 2, 1680, died in Hampton, N. H., Feb. 9, 1769), who was 
present and aiding in the capture of Loui^bonrg, 174o. He was a son of the Rev. Paine 
Wingate, who was the minister of Amesbnry, 1726-86 (H. C. 1723). He Avas graduated at 
H. C. in 1759; ordained to the ministry and settled in Hampton Falls, N. H., Dec. 14, 1763, 
and dismissed March 18, 1771. After that he removed to Stratliam, where he resided till 
his death. He was a representative in the federal congress in 1787, and again in 1793-5; a 
federal senator in 1789-93 ; a judge of the superior court of New-Hampshire in 1798-1809,. 
His wife was a sister of the Hon. Timothy Pickering. 

Notwithstanding his long public life few memorials remain to show whether or not he was 
a man of particular wortli, or whether he took a verj'- active part in the affairs connected 
with his numerous offices. There is a sketch by him of Meshech Weare in the 
Collections of N. H. Hist. Society, vol. v. p. 243, and there are a few of his occasional 
discourses in print. We recall nothing more. He was a respectable man, but of naiTow 
views in politics and religion. 

What the reason was for the special and formal invitation here printed we have not 
learned. It seems to hint at a previous misunderstanding or coolness. 

There was an anecdote current not long ago among the old people of Stratham and 
vicinity, of the following purport. It was said that Mr. Wingate, at an early period of the 
revolution, was suspected of lukewarmness towards the patriot cause ; that this fiict was 
known to Pres. Washington, and that when the latter on his journey through New- 
Hampshire came to the residence of Mr. Wingate, he and his suite halted and partook of 
refreshments ; that while thus engaged Mr. Wingate brought forward and presented his 
Infant son George to the president, saying : Mr. President, I have named my lotj George, 

after . Without waiting for him to complete the sentence, the president inquired : 

After which George? — [Editor.] 

Vol. XXVil. 6 


Early Settlers of Strafford, Conn, 


Theopliilus Sanborn 
Jeremiah Lane 
Thomas Silley 
Benjamin Ililljard 
Jeremiah Blake 
Henry Blake 
Caleb Swain 
David Tilton 
Abraham Brown 
Samuel Melcher Jun 
Nehamiah Cram 
Joel Cram 
Benj'n Tilton 
Redmond Moulton 
Samuel Tilton 
Jonathan Tilton Jun. 
James Prescott Jun 
William Page 
William Swain 
Joseph Pever 
John Bachelder 

Henry Sanborn 
Stephen Swain 
John Swain 
Benj'n Tilton 
James Prescott 
Nathaniel Haley 
Jacob Green 
Jonathan Tilton 
Nathan Tilton 
Samuel Malcher 
Richard Moulton 
Benjamin Moulton 
Joseph Rawlings 
Joseph Sanborn 
Samuel Prescott 
William Prescott 
Joshua Blake 
Elisha Prescott 
Stephen Haley 
Nathan Tilton Jun. 
Stephen Tilton 
John Brown." 


Stratford began to be settled in 1639, under the name of Cupheage, and became 
a plantation in 1640. The town records commence about 1650. The original 
territory of Stratford reached back from the sea 12 miles, and included the present 
townships of Stratford, Huntingdon, Monroe, Trumbull and Bridgeport. The origi- 
nal proprietors of Stratford by tradition are reported to have been 17. 

The following large list was taken from the town records, and probably was made 
before 1650, as William Burritt died that year. 

Thomas Gridmore 
John Wells 
John [illegible.] 
Mr. Black man 
Richard Harvee 
John Peacock 
AVm. Quenby 
Robert Rise 
William Burritt 
Mr. Knell 
John Pickett 
John Brown smayd 
Wm. Wilcockson 
Richard Butler 
John Peak 
Thomas Fayrechild 
Joseph Judson 
Daniel Titerton 

Philip Groves 
Francis Jecockes 
William Crooker 
John Hurd 
Arthur Bostwick 
John Tompson 
Robert Cooe 
Thomas UfFoot 
Joseph Ilawley 
Jeremiah Judson 
Mr. Sebrooks 
Henry Gregory 
Richard Bootlie 
]Mr. Waklins 
Widow Curtis 
Thomas Sherwood 
Francis Hall 
William Beardsly 


Early Settlers of Strafford, Conn. 


John Curtis 
John Burdsey 

Isaak Nichols. 

* " A List of ye Inhabitants of Stratford drawn up by the Townsmen and 
]\ecorder by Order from ye Governor and Mr. Jones the 27"* day of March, 
I 0G8, as folio weth, and diligently recorded by order from ye present Towns- 
men this 28'^ day of March 1GG8. 

Mr. vSherman 
Mr. Fayrechild 
Mr. Chauncey 
Mr. Walker 
Lt. "VVm. Curtiss 
Elder Groves 
Joseph Judson 
John Birdsey, Sen 
John Minor 
Nathaniel Porter 
John Birdsey, Jr 
Henry Wakelyn 
Jehrell Preston 
Mr. Knell 

John Brinsmayd, Sen 
Richard Butler 
Benjamin Peak 
John Curtiss 
John Peak, Jr 
Timothy Wilcockson 
Joseph Bearslye 
Israeli Curtiss 
Arthur Bostwick 
Caleb Nickolls 
John Beach 
John Wells 
James Blackman 
John Pickett, Jr 
Robert Lane 
John Hull 
Jabes Harfjer 
Daniel Tittarton 
Robert Rose 
Robert Clark 
John Wilcockson 
Hugli Griffin 
Richard Harvee 
Edward Hinman 

John Tompson, Sen 
John Tompson, Jr 
Moses Wheeler 
Francis Hall 

E Wakeman 

Sam^ Sherman 

Joseph Hawley 

Adam Hurd 

Henry Tomlynson 

Richard Boothe 

John Hurd, Jr 

Isaak Nickolls 

Jeremiah Judson 

Sam' Bearslye 

John Pickett, Sen 

Thomas Utfoot 

James Clark 

John Peacock 

John Hurd, Sen 

Mr. David Mitchell 

Stephen Burritt 

Sam' Blackman 

John Bearslye 

Sam' Styles 

Ephraim Styles 

John Wheeler 

Obediah Wheeler 

Hope Washborne )> Out livers 

Theophilus Sherman 

Mathew Sherman 

Thomas Sherwood's children 

Thomas AVells 

Widow Bearslye ye wife 

of Thomas 
Mrs. Blackman 
AVidow Titterton 
Widow Bearslye ye wife 

of W"\ Bearslye 

[Other names between 1654 & 1668 found on the records.] 

John Gener, 1652 Stiles Nichols 

John Barlow Thomas Quenby 

Mr. Bryan Wm. Read 

James Harwood John Beers 

Edward Hio:bee Nathaniel Foote 

Joshua Judson 

John Young 

64 LcUer-Mlsslce to Fourth Church in Hampton, N. H. [January, 


From the Files of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The Rev'^ M"" Nathl Gookin/ Pastor of the 4th Church of Christ in 
Hampton. To be communicated to y^ Chh. 

Tiie FreehoMers & Inhabitants of the Town of Canterbury, — To the 
Chh of Christ in North Hampton, Send Greeting — 

Rev*^ Ilon'^ & Beloved in our Lord jesus Christ — 

Whereas it hath Pleased Almighty God in his Holy Providence to make 
way for the Settlement of a Chh in this Town of Canterbury, and that as 
a Clih of Christ we might come to the Enjoyment of all his holy Ordinan- 
ces, we have Unanimously Called M'' Robert Cutler^ to the work of the 
Ministry amongst us, and it hath pleased Him who sends forth Labourers 
into his Harvest to encline his heart to accept of this Call, and to take the 
Pastoral Charge over us, who dwell in the Wilderness, and are exposed 
daily to the Insults & Barbarities of a Savage Enemy, we do therefore 
hereby signifie to you that with his Consent we have Appointed Wednesday 
the lo**^ day of Sep* next to be the day for his Instaulment to the Pastoral 
Office amongst us, & do therefore humbly & Earnestly desire your Assist- 
ance here by your Rev^ Elder and Messengers on the said day for the more 
orderly & effectual Consummating of that Affair. "^ 

Thus asking your Prayers to God for us & Commending you to his 
abundant Mercies and goodness, we Subscribe your Brethren in the Faith 
& Fellowship of the Gospel. 

Canterbury, Aug* y^ 4'\ 1756. 

P. S. The Rev^ Elder and Messengers are desired to meet at y^ House 

■ of Capt. Jeremiah Clough in s*^ Town at 8 of y*^ Clock in y^ morning so 

that a Chh may be Seasonably Embodycd. Ezekiel Morkill,^ 

Jeremiah Clough,'* 
JosiAH Miles. 

In y* Name and behalf of y^ Freeholders & Inhabitants 

of y*^ Town of Canterbury. 
Aug. 29**^ This letter read Sept. 12 Vote called for but none voted to 
comply. . Nath'l Gookin. 

1 Rev. Nathaniel Gookin was born in Hampton, N. 11., in 1713; graduated at 11. C. in 
1731 ; settled over the 4th Ch. in Hampton (now the 1st Cli. in North Hampton), Oct. 31, 
1739; died Oct, 22, 1766; son of Rev. Nathaniel of Hampton, grandson of Rev. Narhaniel 
of Cambridge, and gr. grandson of Maj. Gen. Daniel. Farmer and Moore's Historical 
Coll., vol. iii. p. 370. — Rkgister, vol. xi. p. 78. — [Editor.] 

'■^ Rev. Roliert Cutler was born in 1722; graduated at H. C. 1744; ordained at Epping, 
N. H., Dec. 9, 1747; dismissed Dec. 23, 17'3o; lu'caclied at Canterbury, under a call, about 
two years, l)ut was not installed, for reason set forth in Farmer and Moore's IJiit. Coll., 
vol. ii. p. 363. — [Editok.] 

^ Dea. E/ekiel Morrill, Captain in the Militia, Town Clerk, See, and Josiah Miles were 
among the first settlers of Canterbury, and took an active part in defending the frontier against 
the French and Indians. Dea. Morrill died in 17S3, aged SO yc.irs. His last wife was the 
widow of Rev. Ward Cotton of Hampton. She had live husbands in all. — [Editor.] 

'• Captain Jeremiah Clough was one of the lirst settlers and most prominent citizens of 
Canterl)ury. Great confidence was placed in him l»y the Provincial government, ;ind for 
many years he was by appointment the Cajitain of scouting i)artics that made Canterbury 
their head ([uarters (luring the French and Indian hostiliiies, subsequent to 1740. He 
raised and commanded a company in Col. Poor's N. II. Regiment in 177'). 

The ('lough " house" was long usetl as a garrison house, and when it was recently torn 
down, it is said that bullets were found thickly embedded in its oaken walls. — [Editor.] 

^'* 'I*- 





CITY or RiarMo^'D /) 

.IIM^Y lf>Tll 

1873.] Seals of the City of Richmond^ Va, 65 


At a meeting of the city council of Richmond, held April 10, 1872, Messrs. 
Wynne, VVeUbrd and Scott were appointed a committee to consider and report upon 
tlie following paragraph in the mayor's last annual message : 

" The City Seal is so pearly worn out by long use as to be almost illegible. I 
recommend that authority be given to have a new one engraved. The present Seal 
contains under the device, the words ' City of Richmond, July 19th, 1789.' 1 am 
not aware what event is commemorated by this date ; but if a new Seal be ordered, 
it seems to me, the date of tlie incorporation of the city. May, 1782, or that of tho 
incorporation of the town, May, 1742, would be more appropriate." 

On the 24th of June following, said committee submitted a full and elaborate 

;)ort, giving as complete a history of the various city seals, in use at diflerent 
Lilies, as the imperfect state of the public records would permit. Thereupon the 
committee were instructed to prepare designs for a new seal, and an ordinance in 
relation to the same. This they did, and their report was adopted Sept. 9, 1872. 
The same conmiittee were also authorized and directed to have a seal executed 
accordin*^ to the design adopted, and this also has been done. 

We print below, a greater portion of the historical parts of these reports. 

For t\\e facsimiles of the old seal lately in use, and of the new seal, the Register 
is indebted to the generosity of the lion. T. 11. Wynne, who in various ways is 
manifesting his interest in the history and prosperity of Virginia. 

" From the records of the Common Ilall [or city council] we learn, that 
on July IGth, 1782, it was 

" ' Ordered, That a Seal of the corporation be provided, and that Mr. 
Recorder [Hay] and Mr. Beckley be appointed to prepare a device, and 
direct the making of the same.' 

"Also on July 4th, 1785, we read as follows: *It appearing to the Hall 
that the Seal heretofore ordered, is not yet procured, it is resolved that the 
private Seal of the i)resent Mayor be established the common Seal of this 
Corporation, and that the same be affixed by the Clerk of the Common 
Hall to all ordinances, as the same were originally passed.' 

" Mr. Robert Mitchell was the Mayor at this time, but we have no clue 
to any information by which we can obtain an idea of the design embodied 
in this the first Seal of the City of Richmond. 

" The earliest impression of any official Seal of the Corporation, which 
we can find, is in the volume in which the ordinances were recorded, and 
which were attested by the signature of the President, and the Seal of the 
City to each ordinance. 

"Until 1793 the ordinances were recorded with the minutes in the 
Journal of the proceedings of the Common Hall. 

" The first ordinance recorded in the book appropriated to this purpose, 
bears date October 20th, 1806. The impression of the Seal to this 
ordinance represents the figure of Justice standing erect, holding in her 
right hand the scales, her left arm elevated, and her left hand pointing 
upwards. She is standing upon the earth, from which, near her left foot, a 
tobacco plant springs luxuriantly. In the exergue is the inscription, CITY 
OF RICHMOND, JULY IX, MDCCLXXXII, in Roman characters. 
Above her head is the motto, ^Sic itur ad astral This Seal is one and a 
half inches in diameter, and the design has been adhered to generally, with 
such variations as we shall describe, in all the official Seals to the present 

Vol. XXVII. 6* 

66 Seals of the Citij of Richmond, Va. [January, 

"On the 27tli of May, 1816, 'the President of the Common Hall was 
ordered to cause a new Seal to be procured for the city, and a press to 
apply the same — the Seal to be made of steel so as to make an impression 
without the use of wax or wafers.' 

"Notwithstanding this order, the same impression appears on all the 
ordinances down to the date of January 18, 1819 — in every instance upon 
a wafer. Four days after, a new Seal appears. 

"The next date to an ordinance is January 22d, 1819, and this ordinance 
is sealed with an impression one and three-quarter inches in diameter, 
stamped on the paper without a wafer, on which Justice holds the scales in 
her left hand, while the right bears a ponderous sword. The legend is the 
same as that above-named, except that the date is changed from July IX. 
to 'July 19th,' and the numerals are Arabic. The motto remains the same. 
The records give no authority for this change in the date, nor a description 
of any of the Seals used by which they can be identified. 

" As the impressions of the City Seal are uniform in all respects from 
1819 to 1865, and the Seal of cast steel, and the press with its long arms, 
and heavy balls on the end of the same, were fixtures in the Chamberlain's 
office, well-remembered by our contemporaries, we presume the Seal 
remained the same until the close of the war. 

" During the occupation of the city by the Federal troops, after the 
surrender, in 1865, every public office was ransacked and despoiled of such 
of its contents as struck the fancy of collectors of relics or patrons of 
junk-dealers. From April the 3d to June the 7th, 1865, the office of the 
Chamberlain was unoccupied by a city official. At the last named date,' 
the Military Governor, F. H. Pierpont (John W. Turner, Major- General, 
commanding the Federal troops at this station), commenced issuing a series 
of orders in relation to the government of the city, by one of which David 
J. Saunders, Esq., a prominent citizen of Richmond, and for many years 
President of the City Council, was appointed provisional manager of the 
City of Richmond. Mr. Saunders at once re-appointed JNIr. A. W. Morton 
Chamberlain, and Mr. E. C. Howard his clerk. When Mr. Morton 
returned to his office, from which he had been ejected by the military, the 
vault in the same had been broken open, and the Seal of the city and 
everything else of value, had disappeared. The Chamberlain, feeling at 
once the necessity and importance of having a corporate Seal, conferred 
with the provisional manager and Mr. Howard, and the result was that 
the}^ concluded to have a Seal engraved at once, and adopting the design 
and legend of the former Seal, changed the motto from that which had 
been in use since the year 1806, to the words, ''Fiat just itia mat ccelum. 
This change was deemed necessary to protect the city from any improper 
use which might have been made of the stolen seal. AVitli this alteration, 
it was, in reality, no more the Seal of the City of Richmond than it was 
that of New York or Paris ; but the motive which prompted the change 
was very commendable, and liad the spirit of these gentlemen been 
properly appreciated by the City Council, the latter would have adopted 
this Seal, made it legitimate and retained it in use. 

This Seal, made under tlie directions of tlie Provisional Government, 
was used until 1867. In the volume of ordinances published tliat year, 
which were adopted as a whole on the 12th of March, on page 36 we find 
the following ordinance : 

" ' The Seal of tlie City of Riclnnond shall continue to be the same in form anu 
style as it waa used prior to April, 1805.' 

1873.] Seals of the City of Richmond, Va. 67 

" Under this ordinance a new Seal was engraved, and it is the one now 
under discussion. It is a little larger in diameter than any of the others 
above described, the device and motto the same as those on the Seals used 
from 1800 to 180;"), but the execution is very inferior to either of the other 
three which have been described, and by an egregious blunder, the date in 
the legend is 'July the 19th, 1789." 

"An examination of the facts, which are narrated above, shows that his 
honor, the Maj'or, is correct in the criticism he makes upon the present 
City Seal — the date upon it is not only sanctioned by no event connected 
with the history of the city, but both the day of the month and the number 
of the year also, can only be attributed to the most inexcusable carelessness. 
"VVe see that the date of July IX, 1782, was on the Seal used from 1806 
until 1819. Upon the Seal then introduced, it was altered to July 19th, 
1782, and thus continued until 18G5, when it was repeated upon the Seal 
of the Provisional management ; but when this was superseded by the Seal 
now in use, it was again changed, and made July 19th, 1789. All of these 
various blunders grew out of the omission on the part of the City P^athers, 
when they adopted a Seal, to have a description of the same entered upon 
the Journal, or in their book of ordinances. Those who are curious in such 
matters, will fmd recorded with minute details, in the proceedings of the 
Continental Congress, a description of the Seal adopted for the United 
States, and in like manner the convention of this State, in 177G, in adopting 
a Seal for Virginia, made every detail a matter of record, thus giving a 
permanence to the device and description more enduring than the metal 
upon which they are engraved. But we fail to find in the records of 
proceedings or in the ordinances adopted by the Common Hall or City 
Council a single entry describing any combination of figures or words as 
the official emblem of the city. That the members of the Common Hall 
were aware of the importance of having a Seal is evident from their 
proceedings in their second meeting, viz.: July IGth, 1782, above quoted, 
but the committee to whom the matter was entrusted, neglected their duty 
for three years, and fiiiling to report up to that time, the Common Hall 
adopted the private Seal of Mr. Robert Mitchell, Mayor. This appears to 
have answered the purpose until 1806, when the first Seal made for the 
City was introduced and used until 1819, when another was obtained and 
used until 1865, to be succeeded by another which was discarded in 1867, 
to be succeeded by the one now in use ; and, strange as it may sound, not 
only are no two of these exactly alike, but worse than this, not one of them 
had any legal sanction, nor have we any clue to the meaning of their 
inscriptions. It is therefore evident that we have never had a City Seal, 
the authority of which could be supported by anything else but usage. 

.M, 4A, .^l, ^A, M. M, .At. .AA, «V^ ^ ^ 

Thos. H. "Wynne, 


Report of the Committee on City Seal, recommending 

A New Design. 

" In a former report made by this Committee, the different Seals which 
had been used by the City were described, and it was demonstrated that 
there had never been a legally adopted Seal used by the City, 

68 Seals of the City of Richmond, Va. [January^ 

" In the designs of these three Seals there was an approach to uniformity 
— inasmuch as all of them had a jSgure representing Justice as the leading 
feature, and two of them had the same motto ; but the differences in the 
costume and position of the figure, and other features, were sufficient to 
prevent their being identified as the same ; and even without these, the 
different dates on them, neither of which referred to any event connected 
with the history of the City, would preclude the idea of continuing the 
same design. We, therefore, propose that the Seal of the City shall be 
changed entirely, retaining only the motto, and making this applicable to 
the rest of the design. On the most beautiful and classical designs for 
seals and medals, we find a city represented by a female figure, and we 
propose to have the Seal made after the sketch herewith presented, in 
which the genius of Richmond, as a female, dressed in classic costume, and 
wearing a mural crown, is seated upon elevated ground overlooking a river. 
In her left hand she holds a bundle of the prominent staple of the State, 
tobacco ; while her right hand stretched out, points to iron works, mining 
and manufacturing operations along the banks of the river. To these she 
points, as if, in the language of the motto freely translated, she said, * This is 
the road to eminence.' 

" In the exergue we propose to place the words quoted in the ordinance 
offered, in which tardy justice will be rendered to the enterprising gentle- 
man whose career as an officer of the Colony of Virginia, as a writer of 
the purest English, and a benefactor and patron of every enterprise for the 
benefit of Virginia, has had no superior, if indeed any equal, among his 
contemporaries or successors. 

" To remove all doubt in regard to the paternity of the city, we quote 
the following passage from the writings of the ' Honorable William Byrd, 
of Westover, in Virginia, Esquire,' as he wrote himself In his account 
of *A journey to the land of Eden,' by which name he called his property 
in North Carolina, including a stretch of fifteen miles along the fertile 
valley of the Dan river, after describing the features and quality of the soil 
of the country which his party were exploring, while encamped near the 
present site of the town of Clarksville, in this State, and giving an account 
of his operations during the day of the 19th of September, 1733, he says: 

" * After satisfying my curiosity I returned the way that I came, and shot 
the same streight back again, and paddled down the river to the company. 
When we got home we laid the foundation of two large citys. One at 
Shacco's, to be called Richmond, and the other at the Point of Appamattuck 
River, to be named Petersburg!!. These Major IMayo offered to lay out 
into lots without fee or reward. The truth of it is, these two places being 
the uppermost landing of James and Appamattux Rivers, are naturally 
intended for Marts, where the traffic of the outer inhabitants must centre. 
Thus we did not build castles only, but also citys in the air.' 

"According to promise. Major Mayo laid out the two' cities, and in 1737 
a map of Richmond was completed, and the lots offered for sale by lottery. 
Subsequently the Vestry for Henrico Parish having asked Mr. Byrd for an 
acre of land on the south side of Bacon's Branch, on which to build a 
church, he replied to their request in a very polite letter, in wliich, after 
stating his reasons for declining to grant their request, he says : 

" ' I should be very glad if j^ou would please to think Richmond a proper 
place. I will give them two of the best lots that are not taken up, and 
besides, give them any i)ine timber they can find on that side Shockoe 
Creek, and wood for burning of bricks into the bargain. I hope the 

1873.] Seals of the City of Richmond) Va, 69 

gentlemen of the Vestry will believe me a friend of tlie church, when I 
make them the offer, and that I am both their's, 

" Sir, and 

" Your most humble serv't, 

"AY. Byrd/' 

"AYhereupon, 'It is therefore ordered, That the church formerly agreed 
to be built on the south side of Bacon's branch, be built on Indian town, at 
Richmond, after the same manner as in the said former agreement.' 

"This donation caused the present location of St. John's Church and the 
burial ground around it, which is hallowed by the dust of so many worthy 
representatives of the colonial and revolutionary periods. 

" Previous to laying out this city he had erected and operated extensive 
iron works, upon what was then known as Broad Rock Island, the 
foundation and pioneer establishment of those now enlarged under the Old 
Dominion Iron and Nail AYorks Company, with the name of the location 
changed to Belle Isle. 

"lie also gave to the city a large amount of land on the banks of the 
river, between twenty-second and twenty-fifth streets, for a Park or pleasure 

" The name of no other man is so intimately and honorably connected 
with the history of this City as Mr. Byrd's, and yet with the exception of 
the name of one short and unimportant street, his name has never been 
perpetuated by any act of the municipal authorities of a city, which owes 
its origin to his enterprising sagacity. AYe i)ropose to atone for this neglect 
in some degree, by making the Seal of the City perpetuate his connection 
with its origin, by recommending the adoption of the following ordinance : 

"An Ordinance 
"7b Estahlish the Seal of the City of Richmond. 

"1. Be it Ordained^ That from and after the first day of October, 1872, 
the Seal of the City of Richmond shall be represented by a design, within 
a circle, one and three-quarter inches in diameter, within which shall be 
represented a sitting female figure, clothed in classic costume, wearing a 
mural crown ; in her left hand a bundle of tobacco leaves, which rest upon 
her lap ; at her feet, a river flowing to her left, on the banks of which are 
shown mining operations, iron works and a steam engine, towards which 
her extended right hand is pointed. Above her head the motto, ' Sic itur 
ad astra,' and in the exergue this inscription : 




in Roman characters. 

Thos. H. Wynne, Chmrman" 

70 Tlie L7j)j)iu Family of Rhode Island. [January, 


Communicated by Daniel Beckwith, Esq., of Providence, R. I. 

1. John * Lippitt is the sixth name on a list of fifty-two persons who, in 

1638, had "home-lots" in Providence, R.I. Two years later 
(May 27, 1640), he signed a compact containing proposals for a 
form of government ; and, in 1647, he was on a committee from 
Providence, which with other committees from Portsmouth, New- 
port and Warwick, met at Portsmouth " for the purpose of organ- 
izing a government" under the first charter. He soon after 
removed to Warwick, R. I., where we find his name in 1655 on 
" Ye roll of Freemen." He had : — 

i. Nathaniel, "died perhaps early." (Savage's Gen. Dec.) 

2. ii. John, m. Ann Green or Grove. 

3. iii. MosES, m. Mary Knowles, dau. of Henry Knowles. 
iv. Joseph, "died perhaps early." (Savage's Gen. Die.) 

V. Bebecca, m. first, Feb. 2, 1665, Joseph Howard ; and second, March 
19, 1669, Francis Budlong. 

2. John' (John^ ) married, Feb. 9, 1665, Ann Green or Grove. He died 

about 1670, for his widow Ann G. Lippitt married, in 1672, 
Edward Searle, Jr. John and Ann had : — 

i. John, b. Nov. 16, 1665 ; m. Rebecca Lippitt, his cousin. He was 

admitted a freeman of the colony, 1696. 
ii. MosEs, b. Feb. 17, 1668. 

3. Moses ' (John ^ ) was one of the deputies for Warwick at the general 

assembly at Newport in 1681, 1684, 1690 and 1698. He died Jan. 
6, 1703. tie married, Nov. 19, 1668, Mary Knowles, daughter of 
Henry Knowles. They had : — 

i. Mary, m. John Burlingame, of Kingston, R. I., son of Roger and 

Mary Burlingame. He was born Jan. 8, 1664. 
ii. Martha, m. Thomas Burlingame, brother of John, b. Feb. 6, 1667. 
iii. Rebecca, m. John^ Lippitt (John,^ John^). 

4. iv. Moses, m. Ann Phillis Whipple. 

4. Moses ^ (Moses^ John^) was born about 1683; died Dec. 12, 1745, 

and was buried in his own ground at Warwick. Rev. James 
McSparran, D.D., preached a funeral sermon. He was admitted a 
freeman of the colony in 1704, and was a deputy to the general 
assembly six years between 1715 and 1730. He married, Nov. 20, 
1707, Ann Phillis Whipple, daughter of Joseph and Alice Whipple, 
of Providence. She was a woman of herculean strength. They 
had : — 

6. i. MosES, b. Jan. 17, 1709 ; d. Aug. 8, 1766 ; m. Waite Rhodes. 

6. ii. Jeremiah, b. Jan. 27, 1711 ; d. 1776 ; m. Welthj^an Greene. 

7. iii. Christopher, b. Nov. 29, 1712 ; d. Dec. 7, 1764 ; m. Catherine Ilolden. 

8. iv. Joseph, b. Sept. 4, 1715; d. May 17, 1783; m. Lucy Bowen. 

V. Ann Phillis, b. Aug. 29, 1717 ; d. June 24, 1774 ; m. June 18, 1736, 
»• Abraliaiu Francis, 1). 1711, d. Oct. 11, 1764. He was the son of 
Abraham Francis, of Boston, and "was reported to bo heir to most 
of the land on which Bostim stood, but never ol^tained it." He 
was admitted a freeman of Warwick at the time of his marriage, 
and lived there during the remainder of his life. He was appointed 

1873.] The Lippiit Family of Rhode Island, 71 

captain of the 4th company in the Rhode Island regiment in the 
" Old Frencli War " in 1775. He had no children. 

vi. Freei.ove, b. March 31, 1720; m. Aug. 10, 1743, Samuel Chace, 
eldest son of Capt. John Chace, of Newport, and Anne Arnold, 
dau. of Iknedict Arnold, first governor of the colony under the 
charter of Charles II. Samuel Chace was b. July 30, 1722. They 
had ten children, the youngest of -whom married her cousin, 
Thomas* Lippitt (Joseph,* Moses,^ Moses, ^ John^). 

vii. Mary, b. Dec. 2, 1723 ; d. Dec. 13, 1773 ; m. \Yestrand (or 

AVest, or Weston). They had no children. 

viii. John, Capt., h. Dec. 24, 1731 ; d. Sept. 15, 1811. He, with Capt. 
Uenjamin Gorton and Capt. Thomas Greene, was appointed by the 
general A'^sembly, in 1772, to "manage" a lottery to raise $500 
lor the purpose of building a wharf in Warwick. He m. Bethiah 
Rice, who died April, 1800, a3t. 79. They had no children. 

5. Moses* (Moses,^ Mjses,^ John^ ), born Jan. 17, 1709; died Aug. 8, 

17G6; married, April 2G, 1732, AViiite Khodes, daughter of John 
and Catherine (Ilolden) Rhodes, who was born Dec. 29, 1714, and 
died Oct. 13, 17G8. They lived in Warwick on a farm on Connimi- 
cut Point. They had : — 

i. Catherine, b. Dec. 19, 1734 ; m. Donaldson and had children. 

ii. Moses, b. 173G ; d. 1740. 

iii. Waite, b. 1738; d. 1740. 

iv. Joseph, 1). June 28, 1740; d. July 29, 1758, on the coast of Guinea. 
He was a sailor, on his first voyage. 

V. Waite, b. April 10, 1743 ; m. Aug. 29, 1765, David Arnold, son of 
Josiah and Elizabeth (V^iughn) Arnold. They had eleven child- 
ren, the eighth of whom, AVaite, was the second wife of Thomas* 
Lii)pitt (Josej)h,'* Moses,^ Moses. ^ John^). 

vi. Moses, b. May 2G, 1745 ; d. June 14, 1833. He was called " Moses 
of the Mill," because he owned the grist-mill built by Thomas 
Stafford, the first and only one in AVarwiek, and ground corn for 
the whole town. He married, 17(58, Tabitha Greene, b. 1750, d. 
Aug. 9, 1831. They had nine children. 

vii. Abraham, b. Oct. 2t), 1747. He was ordained elder of the Baptist 
meeting in Warwick, Sept. 7, 1782. In 1793 he moved to 
Ilartwick, Otsego co., N. Y. He m. Aug. 8, 1770, Sarah Arnold, 
dau. of Ca])t. Josiah and Maplet (Remington) Arnold, b. May 24, 
1748, d. Dec. 30, 180G. They had while living in Warwick seven 

viii. Mary, b. June 26, 1749; m. Jan. 21, 1768, Caleb Greene, son of 
Richard and Elizabeth (Godfrey) Greene. He was a sailor, and 
died at sea. 

ix. Rebecca, b. Aug. 11, 1751 ; joined the Shakers at New Lebanon, 
Columbia co., N. Y., and died there. 

6. Jeremiah* (Ifoses,^ Moses^^ John^ ), born Jan. 27, 1711; died 1776. 

He was admitted a freeman of the colony in 1733, was a deputy to 
the general assembly four, and assistant five years ; and was town- 
clerk of Warwick thirty-three years. He lived on his father's 
homestead in Warwick. He married, Sept. 12, 1734, Welthyan 
Greene, daughter of Richard and Mary (Carder) Greene, born 
Feb. 17, 1715, died July 15, 1797. They had :— 

i. Anne, b. Nov. 15, 1735 ; d. June 9, 1816 ; m. first. Col. Christopher 
Greene, son of Philip and Elizabeth (Wickes) Greene, who was 
slaughtered May 14, 1781. They had three sons and four daugh- 
ters. She m. second. Col. John Low. 

ii. Welthyan, b. 1737 ; d. 1739. 

iii. Jeremiah, b. 1739 ; d. July 28, 1766, at sea. 

iv. Thomas, b. 1742: d. Feb. 4, 1764, and was buried at Major Clark's 
plantation, Demerara, British Guiana. 

72 Tlie Lipiiltt Family of Rhode Island. [January, 

V. Elizabeth, b. Not. 20, 1744; d. July 1, 1808, unmarried. 

vi. Welthyax, b. March 15, 1746; m. Jan. 13, 1774, William Greene. 

vii. William, b. March 9, 1748 ; was an officer in the AVarwick militia in 
1776. lie m. 1786, Patience*East, Avho probably died soon after, 
for he lived -with his sister Elizabeth in AVarwick. 

viii. John, b. May 15, 1750 ; d. April, 1797, and was buried on the coast of 
Africa. lie was a sea-captain, and sailed to the East Indies. He 
m. May 19, 1776, Anne Warner, dau. of Amos and Sophia (Harris) 
Warner. She died 1820. They had ten children. 

ix. Moses, b. Dec. 16, 1752; d. April 11, 1833. He was a merchant in 
ProTidence, and was engaged in the East India trade. He m. Nov. 
7, 1785, Eliza ^ Lippitt (Joseph,^ Moses,^ Moses,- John^), b. Sept. 
26, 1760, d. Aug. 12, 1830. They had one daughter and six sons, 
three of whom were graduated by Brown University. Bri^. Gen. 
Francis James Lippitt, U. S. V., is the eldest grandson of Moses 
and Eliza Lippitt. 

7. Christopher^ (3foses,^ 3foses,^ Johri^), born Nov. 29, 1712; died 
Dec. 7, 17G4. He moved from Warwick to "Lippitt Hill," in 
Cranston, wdiere his father built for him a large bouse. He 
married, Jan. 2, 1736, Catherine Holden, daughter of Anthony and 
Phebe (Rhodes) Holden, born Oct. 13, 1717, died May 4, 1807. 
They are buried in the family grounds on Lippitt Hill in Cranston. 
They had : — 

i. Anthony, d. Oct. 23, 1751, set. 13 years. 

ii. Freelove, m. March 22, 1759, Olney Rice, son of Randal Rice. 

iii. Mary, m. Thomas Rice, brother of Olney Rice. 

iv. Christopher, Col., b. Oct. 28, 1744 ; d. June 17, 1824. " Col. Lippitt 
M^as descended from an ancient and very respectable family in this 
State, and had for himself acquired a high standing at the time of 
his appointment to the command of a regiment. He was a brave 
and energetic officer, prompt in the execution of all orders, prudent 
in his movements, and highly commended by the commander-in- 
chief. After the time for which his regiment was raised hai 
expired, Col. Lippitt returned to his farm in Cranston, and wa^ 
for several years returned a deputy to the General Assembly froni 
that town. In 1780 he was appointed Brigadier General of Militia 
and commanded a brigade on Rhode Island at the time the Frenc 
troops under Rochambeau were stationed near NeAvport." — Judge 
Cowell's Spirit of '76. 

Col. Christopher m. INIarch 23, 1777, Waite Harris, dau. oi 
William and Patience (Clark) Harris, b. 1755, d. Sept. 8, 1836. 
They had twelve children, six of whom are buried near thei: 
parents on Lippitt Hill. 

T. Catherine, m. Higginbottom. 

vi. Warren, d. Nov. 30, 1751, vdt. 3 vears. 

vii. Pheue, b. Dec. 6, 1749; d. Dec. 6, 1751. 

viii. Moses, b. Sept. 10, 1751 ; d. Dec. 15, 1844; m. Jan. 8, 1775, Anstis 
Holden, dau. of Charles Holden. He was an officer in the thir(' 
com])any of the Cranston militia in 1780 and 1781, and received a 
pension for his services at that time. He moved to Killingly. 
Conn., about the beginning of this century, and lived there the rest 
of his life. They had thirteen children. 

ix. Charles, b. March 2, 1754 ; d. Aug. 17, 1845 ; m. Jan. 12, 1783 
Penelope Low, dau. of John and Sarah (AVickes) Loav. She diec 
Aug. 27, 1839. He settled in Providence after his marriage, and 
lived there more tlian sixty years. At Ids death lie was the oldest 
man in Providence. He and liis wife were members of St. Jolni' 
Church, and, with most of tlieir cliildren, are buried in St. Johu'^ 
Church-yard. They liad eleven cliildren. 

X. LornoN, h. Aj)ril 17, 1756; d. Aug. 18, 1841; m. April 8, 1781 
Nancy Remington, dau. of Cai)t. Peleg Remington. She died Feb. 

1873.] Thjmovlh Shermans. 73 

22, 1820. Loudon Lippitt removed to Otsego co., N. Y., and 
afterward to Crawford co., Penn. They had three cliildren. 

xi. Waterman, )). May 2, 1758. 

xii. John, b. Feb. 11, 1763 ; d. July 10, 1830. lie Avas a private in Capt. 
Dexter's company, in his ])rother's regiment, during the year 177G, 
and was at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. After the war, 
he kept a store in Providence. He married twice, and had thirteen 
children. Two only of these were boys, and they died early. 

8. Joseph^ (Afoses,^ Ifoses,^ Johi^ ), born Sept. 4, 1715; died May 17, 
178-3. lie w^is deputy to the general assembly six years. Tie 
probably kept a store in Warwick. He married, Feb. 19, 1746, 
Lucy Bowen, daughter of Capt. Thomas Bowen, of Rehoboth, who 
died May 20, 1795, in lier 72d year. On her gravestone in 
Warwick is written : " Lucy, the truly amiable consort," &c. They 
had: — 

i. Ann Francis, b. March 30, 1748; d. April 1, 1827; m. Edward 

Russell . 
ii. Lucy, b. Dec. 4, 1749 ; d. April IG, 1787. 
iii. Joseph (Capt.), b. Sept. 27, 1751 ; d. Sept. 20, 1776. 
iv. Sarah, b. Aug. 5, 1753 ; d. June 13, 178(). 
V. Mary, b. March 24, 1756 ; d. Oct. 1, 1778. 
vi. Thomas, b. May 15, 1758 ; d. April 20, 183G ; m. first, Elizabeth Chace, 

dau. of Samuel Chace and Freelove^ Lipi)itt (Moses, ^ Moses, ^ 

John^) ; second, Waite Arnold, dau. of David Arnold and Waite^ 

Lippitt (Moses,* Moscs,^ Moses,^ John^). 
vii. Eliza, b. Sept. 26, 17G0 ; d. Aug. 12, 1830; m. Moses* Lippitt 

(Jeremiah,'* Moses, ^ Moses, ^ John^). 

m^ Later generations of this family, communicated by the author, are deposited 
in the library of the New-England Historic, Ctenealogical Society. — [Editor.] 


Communicated by the Rev. David Sherman, D.D., of Maiden, Mass. 

The Plymouth Shermans are the descendants of William Sherman, who 

settled at Plymouth, Mass., 1630-4, and in 1640-4 removed to Marshfield, 

which has continued the family seat to this day. Of this William we have 

seen able to learn nothing previous to his emigration, not even the place 

, of his residence, or the exact date of his leaving the old world. We first 

1 mow him by his appearance among the Pilgrims. 

1 Of course from the above remarks it will be understood that no connec- 
- tion has been ascertained between this branch and the one at Dedham, some 
' members of which settled in Boston and vicinity, and of whom an account 
tvas given in the Rp:gister (vol. xxiv. 63, 155-64). That a connection 
exists is possible, and it may be probable ; but we have not been able to 
iiscover it. Future researches may reveal new facts which will throw 
ight on this question. 

Our knowledge of this emigrant is limited. Like many of his fellow 
Pilgrims he came to the new world poor and unlettered, but rich in good 
labits and puritanic virtues. The few public documents left to us signed 
)y him are signed with a cross. We have no knowledge that the family 
Vol. XXVII. 7 

74 Plymouth Shermans, [January, 


bore a coat of arms. He probably belonged to the class of yeomen, though 
a single document leaves it doubtful whether he came not as a servant into 
the country. At all events he occupied no such prominence among the 
Pilgrims as did the Shermans at Massachusetts Bay. This dissimilarity ofl 
social position and education would seem to indicate that the branches arej 
entirely distinct, though this would not necessarily follow, as even ia' 
branches of high social position, members were liable to fall into an inferior' 

But whatever may have been the social standing of William at the date of 
migration, he made a good record for himself after his arrival in Plymouth. 
Beginning in indigence, he was able by care and industry to become a 
thrifty husbandman and to leave to his children a rich inheritance of lands. 
Besides the tract purchased at Marshfield he held others at Rochester, 
Mass., parts of which are still owned by his descendants. 

In old age, blessed in his family and his possessions and honored by his 
neighbors, he died in 1679, and was buried in the family grounds at Marsh- 

1. William^ Sherman in 1638 married Prudence Hill, and had: — 

2. i, John, b. 1646 ; died 1722. I 

3. ii. William, died 1724. I 

4. iii. Samuel, died 1718. 

2. JoHN^ {William^) was a farmer of Marshfield; married Oct. 25, 1677, 

Jane Hatch, of Boston, and had : — 

i. Bethia, b. Aug. 11, 1678 ; m. Israel Thomas, 
ii. Abigail, b. March 15, 1679. 

5. iii. John, b. Oct. 17, 1682. i 
iv. Hannah, b. April 29, 1685 ; m. Josiah Holmes, of Rochester, March 

29 1721. 

6. V. Samuel, b. Feb. 22, 1686; d. Sept. 7, 1725. 

vi. Deborah, b. Sept. 4, 1689 ; m. Capt. James Thomas. 

vii. Lois, b. Jan. 27, 1691 ; m. James Dexter, of Rochester, May 24, 1723. 

viii. William, b. June 23, 1693. 

ix. Eunice, b. May 11, 1696. 

3. William^ {William}-) was a farmer of Marshfield. He served in 

the war against King Philip, and while at Swanzey, in consequence 
of exposures and of witnessing the cruelties of that sanguinary 
chief, he became insane, a malady from which he appears to have 
suffered during many months ; and in consideration of this afiliction 
and of the wants of his family, the colony afforded him relief of 
£20 in 1675. He married Desire, daughter of John Pliillips, 
and had : — 

i. Hannah, b. Feb. 21, 1668. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. March 11, 1670 ; d. 1695. 

7. iii. William, b. April 19, 1672. 
iv. Patience, b. Aug. 3, 1674. . 
V. Experience, b. Sept. 22, 1678. 

8. vi. Ebenezer, b. April 21, 1680; d. 1759. 

4. Samuel^ {William^) w^as a fiirmer holding a part of the homesteat 

given by deed from his father before his death. In the deed his 
father calls him "my noble son." He married first, Sarah Daggett, 
by whom he had three children ; and second, Hannah : — 

i. Saraii, m. Josiah Foster. 

ii. Prudence, m. 1775, Robert Cushman, who was 80 years of age, and 
ehe was a " maiden turned of Beventy." 

873.] rhjmouth Shermans. 75 

iii. ScsAXXAH, m. Jobn White, Feb, 18, 1700. 

iv. Hannah, b. Feb. 20, lGb8; m. Doten. 
9. V. Samuel, b. Nov. 1, 1689 ; d. 1764. 

vi. Mary, b. Oct. 1, 1691 ; uum. 
10. vii. Joshua, b. Jan. 1, 1G!).3. 

viii. Dksike, b. Oct. 1, 1605. 

ix. Patiknce, b. March 1, 1698. 
11.x. William, b. June 1, 1699. 
rJ. xi. (jIekshom, b. 1700. 
13. xii. Caleb, b. April 1, 1703. 

5. JoiiN^ {John^ William^) was one of the first settlers of Rochester, 

OH hiiul purcliused by liis father. He married Sarah Baker, March 
20, 1712, and liad:— 

i. Sarah, b. Aug. 15, 1714. 

ii. Jane, b. Oct. 2, 1716. 

iii. Alice, b. July 29, 1719. 

iv. John, > b. July 27, 1721 ; d. Nov. 5, 1802. 

V. Aijigail, 5 b. " "' 

vi. JJethia, b. Jan. 26, 1724. 

vii. William, b. Jan. 11, 1726. 

viii. LoLs, b. Oct. 2S, 1728. 

ix. Samuel, b. Jan. 2, 1730. 

6. Samuel' {John^ William^), also a farmer at Rochester, and wife 

Charity, had : — 
i. Samuel, b. Jan. 13, 1724. 

7. William' (William,^ Willi nm^ ) was a farmer at Marshfield ; married 

Mary, daughter of Peregrine AV^hite, Feb. 3, 1G97, and had: — 

i. Thankful, b. April 4, 1699 ; m. 1726, Robert Atkins. 

ii. Sarah, b. May 8, 1701 ; m. Adam Hall. 

iii. Mary, ) b. June 6, 1711. 

iv. Abigail, 5 b. " " 

V. John, b. July 19, 1720. 

vi. Anthony, b. Dec. 21, 1722. 

8. Ebenezer' (William,^ William^) was of IMarshfield, married Sept. 18, 

1702, Margaret, daughter of Valeutine Decro, who died about 1800; 
and he married Bathsheba Ford, and had : — 

i. Eleazer, b. 1702 ; d. 1723. 

ii. Rachel, b. 1703; in. Seth Joice. 

iii. William, b. Feb. 27, 1704. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 27, 1706 ; m. "Wetherell. 

V. Joseph, b. July 28, 1709. 

vi. Abigail, b. Dec. 26, 1710 ; m. Carver. 

vii. Caleb. 

viii. Elisha, d. August, 1797. 

ix. Robert. 

X. Ebenezer. 

xi. Bathsheba, by second wife ; married a Walker. 

9. Samuel* (Samuel.,^ William^) was a farmer on the homestead; mar- 

ried Feb. 17, 1724, Mary, daughter of Nathan Williamson, and 
had : — 

i. Ignatius, b. Feb. 26, 1726. 

ii. Mary, m. 1756, Jabez Washburne. 

iii. Noah. 

iv. Joseph. v. Samuel. 

vi. Sarah, m. David Lapham, 1764. 

76 The Crane Family, January, 

10. Joshua' (Samuel,^ William^ ) settled in Plymouth, wife Deborah, and 

had : — 

i. Joshua, b. Sept. 17, 1736. 

ii. Nathaniel, m. Maria Clark, Oct. 19, 1768. 

iii. Deborah. 

11. William' (Scnmtel,^ William^) leaves us no trace of himself, without 

he be the William who appears in Rochester and by Bethia 
(Haskell) Sherman has a son AVilliam. 

12. Gershom' (Samuel,'^ William^) settled at Plymouth; married Sarah 

Stevens, and had : — 

i. Lucr, b. June 5, 1742. 
ii. Gershom, b- Oct. 8, J 741. 
iii. Sarah, in. Osborne. 

13. Caleb' (Samuel,^ William^) settled at Plymouth, wife Rebecca, and 
had : — 

i. YouxG, b. June 6, 1746. 
ii. Ring, b. Dec. 17, 1749. 
iii. Hannah, b. Oct. 29, 1751. 
iv. Sarah, b. June 27, 1753. 
V. Elizabeth, b. July 1, 1755. 

13^ The Rev. Dr. Sherman's manuscript, deposited in the library of the New- 
England Historic, Genealogical Society, contains the later generations of this family 
down to the sixth generation. — [Editor.] 


Communicated hy the Kev. Jonathan Crane, of Kalamazoo, Mich. 

The large number of persons, in this country, bearing the name of 
Crane, are generally the descendants of some one of the five families that 
were known as early as the year 16G6. How they were related, and from 
what particular locality in England they came, remains yet to be learned ; 
and in the hope that some progress may be made in this direction the fol- 
lowing statistics are prepared. They are the best in our possession, and 
may need correction, being derived chiefly from correspondents. These five 
families are represented by Jasper, of Newark, N. J. ; Benjamin, of Weth- 
ersfield, Ct. ; Henry, of Killingwortli, Ct. ; Henry, of Dorchester, Mass., 
and Stephen, of Elizabethtown, N. J. 

Jasper, one of the founders of Newark, N. J., is placed first, because he 
was evidently the eldest, having a fiimily before he came to this country, 
and appearing in the New-Haven colony as early as IGoO. His eldest son 
John was born in 1 G.35, and was a native of ICngland. He had, beside John, 
three sons and two daughters. His sons were as follows : — 

John, born 1035. 

Delivered, or Deliverance, b. June 12, 1642. 
AzARiAH, b. 1018 ; d. Nov. 3, 1730. 
Jasper, b. 1G50 ; d. March 16, 1712. 

His daughters Hannah and Mercy were both married, one in Newark, 
N. J., tlic other in Stamford, Ct. Of the sons, Azariah took a prominent 
])art in the Newark Colony and Chun-li, Jiaving married a daughter of 
Robert Treat, who afterwards returned to Milford, Ct., and some of his 

1873.] The Crane Family. 77 

descendants settled wliat was originally called Crane Town, now known as 
Mt. Clair, New Jersey. 

♦•«' In the New-Haven Colony, a Henry Crane appears as marrying Con- 
currence, daughter of John INIeigs, in 1003, and as one of the proprietors 
of Killingworth, Ct. His children were eight, three sons and five daugh- 
ters, as follows : — 

John, b. about 1064. Pheue, b. Dec. 24, 1672. 

Elizauetii, b. 1666. Tueopeilus, b. Jan. 25, 1675. 

Concurrence, b. Dec. 27, 1667. Abigail, b. April, 1676 ; d. young. 

Mary, b. Aug. 23, 1670. Henry, b. Oct. 25, 1677. 

The eldest son, John, married Martha Daggett, of Rehoboth, or Taunton, 
Mass., May 25, 1694. 

Not far from Killingworth, at Wethersfield, Ct., we find Benjamin Crane, 
who married April 23, 1655, IMary, daughter of William Backus, of Say- 
brook, Ct. A daughter of William Backus, of that period, married a 
Benjamin Crane, and this is the only Benjamin of whom we have any 
knowledge, of that generation, and though the name Breck has been 
given by Savage, it was also expressed as doubtful. Benjamin Crane had 
nine children, seven sons and two daughters, viz. : — 

Benjamin, b. March 1, 1656 : d. June 20, 1693. 
Jonathan, b. Dec. 1, 1658; d. 1734. 
Joseph, b. April 1, 1661 ; d. Nov. 8, 1707. 
John, b. April 10, 1663 ; d. Oct. 23, 1694. 
Israel, b. Nov. 1, 1671 ; d. April 28, 1707. 
Abraham, b. 1668 ; d. July 5, 1713. 
Jacob. Elizabeth. Mary. 

The second son of Benjamin, Jonathan Crane, married Deborah, daughter 
of Francis Griswold, of Norwich, Ct., Dec. 19, 1078, and died in Lebanon, 
Ct., in 1735, having lived a number of years in Windham. His children, 
born between 1080 and 1700, were: Jonathan, Mary, John, Hannah, 
Isaac, Joseph, Elizabeth, Deborah and Abigail. The first three were born 
in Norwich. There was a John Crane, of Coventry and Mansfield, who is 
supposed to belong to this family, but in what way does not appear. His 
wife was Abigail, daughter of Peter Cross who removed from Norwich to 
Windham, in company with Jonathan Crane. The name of Deborah is also 
found, in his family of children and grandchildren ; and so far as we can 
learn, the change of name to Crain is confined to some of the descendants 
of Jonathan, and John, of Mansfield, if he is of another family. He was 
married Oct. 29, 1712, and had nine children, five sons and four daughters, 
beside one that died in infancy. They were born between 1713 and 1731, 
and their names are as follows : — Abigail, John, Ebenezer, Mary, Samuel, 
Hezekiah, Deborah, Daniel and Ruth. 

The third son of Benjamin, Joseph Crane, married Sarah, daughter of 
John Kilbourne, Dec. 10, 1084, and his son Joseph, born Nov. 25, 1090, was 
the father of Joseph Crane, who migrated to Putnam County, N. Y., and 
died Aug. 28, 1781, leaving eight children, five sons and three daughters, 
born between 1721 and 1735. To this family may be ascribed the origin, 
in some form, of Irving's fancy sketch, that has made the name Ichabod 
almost national, as connected with the Cranes. 

Hezekiah Crane, and Elishama Crane, mentioned in the history of 
Windsor, Ct., were sons of John Crane, of Windham, Ct., and probably 
grandsons of Jonathan, second son of Benjamin Crane. John Crane, of 
Windham, married for his first wife, Sarah Spencer, Sept. 16, 1708, and 

Vol. XXVn. V* 

78 The Crane Family, [January^ 

for his second wife, Prudence Belden, April 18, 1716, and had eleven! 
children, six sons and five daughters, born between 1709 and 1731. Their 
names were : — John, Abia, Eunice, Elishama, Sibyl, Hezekiah, Prudence, 
Lemuel, Hannah, Rlioda and Adonijah. 

The next and fourth family we find by the name of Crane, is Henry 
Crane, of Dorchester, Mass. From the Book of Records, of Suffolk Co., 
Mass., book 17, page 193, we infer he had a large property, and learn the 
names of his children. The property was divided among the children and 
their mother-in-law. The names as recorded are : — Benjamin, of Taunton ; 
John, of Taunton; Stephen, of Braintree; Henry, of Dorchester; Ebenezer, 
of Milton ; Anna, of Taunton ; Elizabeth, wife of George Townsend, of 
Taunton ; and Mary, wife of Samuel Hackett, of Taunton. The fifth child, 
Ebenezer, was born Aug. 10, 1665, and the presumption is, that his father 
was a brother of Benjamin, and nearly of the same age. The eldest son, 
Benjamin, with his brother John, bought real estate in Taunton, Feb. 15, 
1699, aud the names Benjamin and John that appear upon the records of 
Taunton, Dartmouth and Tiverton, were evidently of this family, and we 
presume the Cranes from Berkley, Mass., are the descendants of Benjamin 
the son of Henry. 

The fifth distinct family we find, is that of Stephen Crane, of Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., who was in that town as early as 1666, which is the date of . 
the origin of the town.' According to Mr. Thomas O. Crane, of Perth \ 
Amboy, N. J., this Stephen married a Danish woman, and came over in the 
Caledonia, that sunk in the Amboy harbor. He was born about 1620, and 
his children were : — Jeremiah, John, Daniel, Nathaniel, and probably Aza- 
riah. The children of Daniel were : — Daniel, Jonathan, William, Stephen, 
who was the father of Gen. William Crane, mentioned in Appleton's 
Cyclopedia, and the grandfather of Com. William M. Crane, formerly of the 
United States Navy. 

These five families were in all probability closely related to each other, 
for they were virtually of the same or similar colonies, came over early in 
the history of the country, and their descendants have revealed certain 
characteristics that would mark the families as possessed of a common 
ancestry, either in one or two generations previous to their migration to 
this country. 

Visitors to Cologne, Prussia, are generally introduced to the chapel, for 
ancient relics connected with the church of St. Ursula, erected by John Crane, 
with the pictures of the birds on the ceiling, in reference to the origin of 
the name ; and the church proper contains a monument, erected to the 
memory of St. Ursula, in 1643, by John Crane, styled an ambassador from 
Holland to Prussia. 

The name Crane is found among emigrants from Ireland to this coun- 
try, but they only take the name in English for the sake of convenience ; 
their original being a different word, and having altogether a different 

We presume that the few families about Windham, Ct., in the fourth 
generation from Benjamin, who saw fit to cast off the reference to the bird, 
and introduced Cniiu, did so from a prejudice against the bird ; but could 
they have seen the pictures of the Numidian crane, with its light tufts, or 
of the Sil)orian cran(», as purely whit(>, they would have discarded their 
rci)ugiiance to the s[)ecies, and we should not find some of our families 
divided in the mere orthography of the name, nor any discrepancy between 
the fathers and the children in the origin of the name. 

1873.] The Hayes Family of Conn, and New-Jersey. 79 


Communicated by A. C. M. Pkxxixgton, Brcv. Col. U. S. A., Capt. 2d Artillery, 

Brcv. Briij. Gen. U. S. Vols. 

1. Sergeant Thomas^ Hayes married Elizabeth Peck, daughter of 

Joseph Peck, in Milford, Conn., Oct. 29, 1677, by Major Treat, the 
magistrate, as was the custom at that date, ministers not having the 
right. They had : 

2. i. HoBERT, b. Sept. 30, 1G79, at Milford, Conn. ; d. Oct. 28, 1759, at 

Newark, N. J. 

3. ii. JosErir, ) by second wife, dau. of Robert Denison, one of the origi- 

4. iii. Thomas, > nal eettlers of Newark, 
iv. Elizahetu, m. Freeman. 

V. Hannau. 

2. KoBERT^ (T/iomas^) m. Hannah ; no issue. He was a man of 

property, and some time before his death he provided that the Pres- 
byterian Church in Newark should have his home lot of four acres, 
including his residence, at the corner of Broad and Hill streets, 
where now stands a hotel. His brother Josej)!! owned property 
and lived a short distance above on the opposite side of the street. 
In a will made 1749, he (Robert) mentions his wife Hannah and 
sisters Elizabeth Freeman and Hannah Hayes. He gave the equal 
half of all his lands to his brother Jose})h ; the other half he gave 
to the sons of his deceased brother Thomas, viz. : Thomas and 

3. Joseph^ (Thomas^) m. Elizabeth Day. They had: 

i. • Davit), who m. and had : 1. Rohrrt , y^ho had John and Joseph. 2. 
David, who had David A., Esther, m. Tichenor, and Anna, m. 
Kino;. 3. Joseph. 4. Mary Combs. 5. Abigail Pike. 6. Lydia 
Drake. 7. Elizabeth Congar. 8. Rachel. 9. Isaac, who had John 
and Oliver. 10. Moses, who had Jabcz W. and George. 

ii. Samuel, who m. Sarah Bruen, and had : 1. Bruen, d. unmarried. 2. 
Phoebe, m. Jabez Pierson. 3. Hannah, m. Samuel Congar (second 
wife), and had Samuel II., the librarian of the New-Jersey His. Soc. 
(office in Newark), and Bruen II. 4. Sarah, m. Samuel Pennington 
(second wife), and had : Jabez P., Samuel II., and Alex. C. M. The 
latter had (second child) Alexander C. M. Pennington [the compiler], 
who m. Clara Miller French, dau. of Prof. John French, D.D., 
U. S. Military Academy, ante, vol. xxv. pp. 290 and 336. 5. 
Samuel, who had ; Samuel, Sarah, Elizabeth and James. 

iii. Joseph, no issue. 

iv. Martha, no issue. 

4. Thomas^ (T/iomas^J m. and had children: 

i. Thomas, who had : 1. John. 2. Hannah, m. Elias Osborn. 3. Eliza- 
beth, m. Henry Osborn. 4. Thomas, d. 1814. 
ii. Daniel, d. 1775, no issue. 

Sergeant Thomas Hayes in 1696 was chosen by the town "to order the 
prudential affairs of the neck," i. e. the lands then lying in common, without 
division fences, east of the present line of the New-Jersey Railroad, 
constituting three (3) wards of the city. Jan. 1st, 1696-7, "The men 

80 'llie Hayes Family of Conn, and New-Jersey. [January, 

chozen to make the town rate and to make assessments on those persons 
that don't give in a list of their estates are Joseph Harrison, Natlianiel 
"Ward, Seth Tompkins, Zopher Beach, and Thomas Hayes." Seth Tomp- 
kins was the son of Deacon Michael Tompkins, who, before the settlement 
of Newark, secreted in his house at Milford the regicides Goffe and 
Whalley. In 1G98 Thomas Hayes was "with Joseph Harrison, Jasper 
Crane, and Matthew Canfield to view whether Azariah Crane may have 
land for a tan-yard out of the common and in case the men above mentioned 
agree that he shall have the land, he, the said Azariah Crane shall enjoy it 
so long as he doth follow the trade of tanning." 

In 1702 Sergeant Thomas Hayes and Ensign Eliphalet Johnson are 
chosen assessors for the south end of the town. It is a reasonable conclu- 
sion that Thomas Hayes was an intelligent, respectable and influential 
member of the community. The date of his death is uncertain. Thomas 
Hayes witnessed a legal instrument in 1712, — perhaps that Thomas Hayes 
who died in 1749, aged bQ. The elder Thomas was living in 1705, when 
he took a share of land formerly of his brother-in-law John Dennison. 
There was a Thomas Hayes at Milford in 1645 who came from Wethers- 
field. Milford was settled in 1639 by people from Wethersfield and New- 
Haven. This was that Thomas Hayes who with Major Treat, Elder 
Buckingham and Lieut. Fowler proposed to the town to build a fulling and 
saw-mill for the town of Milford. Perhaj^s this Thomas was the father of 
Sergeant Thomas. There seems to be some foundation for the tradition 
that three persons of the name of Hayes came to Connecticut, as 
among the inhabitants of Norwalk in 1651 were a Nathaniel Haies 
and Samuel Haies. In 1694, Nathaniel, James and Samuel Hayes. 
The name of Hayes appears in Rev. J. Pruden's list of scholars. It is 
probable that his children had only a common school education. Joseph 
Hayes m. Elizabeth Day. He was living in July, 1777. By his will of 
that date he gives his sons David and Samuel all his lands and meadows, and 
to his daughter Martha all his personal estate, and directs that the estate 
left by his son Joseph be divided equally among the three. The following 
is from Alden's American Epitaphs, Inscriptions, &c. : " Major Samuel 
Hayes, descendant from one of the original settlers of Newark, died on the 
1st of June, 1811, in the 83d year of his age. He sustained the character 
of an honest and well-informed man. At an early period he took an active 
part in tlie revolutionary struggle, and was a distinguished officer in the 
militia during the war which secured to his beloved country the blessings of 
freedom and independence. In 1759 he was commissioned as a deputy 
surveyor for East Jersey, and, until disabled by paralysis, for half a century 
he traversed more or less, Bergen, Essex and Morris, with his compass and 
chain. In 1766 he was the master of a vessel on a voyage to Nova Scotia, 
and subsequently sailed for other ports. He was one of tliree commission- 
ers for forfeited estates during the revolution, and in the fiiithful discharge 
of his duty incurred the displeasure of the royalists. In July, 1780, the 
refugees surprised and took him from his house at night and lodged him in 
tlie Sugar House in New- York, and detained him some months, together with 
his fellow commissioners," all atrocious rebels. He served the county and 
town in various ollices until 73 years of age ; a self-made man, stern, 
decided and energetic. His wife died June, 1803, aged 71. Thomas Hayes 
of 1615 possibly was Sergeant Thomas Hayes, but it is doubtful, indeed 

1873.] The Hutchinson and Sand/ord Families. 81 


Communicated by Elliot Sandford, of New- York, N. Y. 

In the record of the will of Samuel Hutchinson, as given in the sixteenth 
volume of the Register, page 331, there are some errors which must have 
been made by the clerk when he copied the will into the probate records. 
An examination of the original in the files of the court will disclose the 

The name of Elifal Ilatton, should be Stratton. She was the daughter 
of Gov. John Sandford, of Newi)ort, R. I., and Mrs. Elizabeth (Webb) his 
wife, and was baptized in Boston, December 1G37. She was not murdered 
by the Indians with Ann Hutchinson in 1G43, at Pelham, N. Y., as Savage 
relates, but lived to be more than once publicly whipped with her step- 
mother, Mrs. Bridget Phillips, and other Quakers, for indulging in certain 
vagaries of opinion and doctrine not agreeable to the magistrates of Boston. 
(Drake's Hist, of Boston, p. 429.) Mrs. Stratton was the wife of Bartho- 
lomew Stratton, mariner, of Boston, and died in Portsmouth, R. I., where 
her death is recorded January 18, 1724. 

Mrs. Bridget Phillips was the daughter of William and Ann Hutch- 
inson, " the prophetess of doleful heresies," and married, as his second wife, 
Governor (or President) John Sandford. As to his parents (see Hotes 
and Queries, 2d series, vol. vii. page 334), they had five sons : Peleg, 
William, Ezbon, Restcomb and Elisha ; all of whom are mentioned in Mr. 
Hutchinson's will, and one daughter Ann, who died in Boston, August, 1654. 

After the death of Governor Sandford she married circa 1G58, Major 
William Phillips as his third wife ; issue, four sons. Mrs. Bridget Phillips 
is also referred to in the will of Mr. Hutchinson, but her name is incorrectly 
written, in the probate court record, Willis, and Mr. Whitmore, in his 
pedigree of the Hutchinsons and Olivers, supposes that she had married a 
Willis of Bridgewater, not knowing how otherwise to dispose of her. 

When Mrs. Phillips died, she gave by will, dated Sept. 29, 1696, to her 
oldest son, Governor Peleg Sandford, of Newport, large tracts of land, 
which her husband, Maj. Phillips, gave her in his will (Suffolk Probate 
Records, Liber 6, page 526) ; said lands now comprising the towns of 
Sanford and Phillipston, Maine. (Williamson's Hist. 3Iai?ie, vol. ii. page 

Gov. Peleg Sandford married Mary Brenton, daughter of Gov. William 
Breuton. (See deed of gift of land by Gov. Brenton to his son-in-law, 
recorded in Taunton, Liber 5, page 536.) Issue, two sons : Peleg, who 
died 1702, aged 17 (Bridgman's King's Chapel JSpitaphs), and William; 
and three daughters : Ann, Bridget and Elizabeth. 

William Sanford, son of Governor Peleg, resided in Newport, and there 
married, March 1, 1714, Griselda, daughter of Nathaniel and Margaret 
(Steers) Sylvester, of the Shelter Island family of that name. Issue, three 
daughters : Mary, who married Gov. Oliver ; Margaret, who married her 
fourth cousin, Gov. Hutchinson ; and Griselda, who died unmarried. 

William Sanford was graduated at Harvard College in the class of 1711, 
and being the son of a governor, and grandson of two governors, his name 
was placed, according to the custom of the time, at the head of his class. 
He died April 24, 1721, in the thirty-first year of his age. 

82 Notes and Queries. [January, 

The Sauford coat of arms, as engraved on William Sanford's gravestone, 
and also his epitaph, are in the Heraldic Journal, vol. iii. page G2, but his 
ancestry is incorrectly stated. 

His widow married Rev. Nathaniel Cotton, of Bristol, R. I. (H. C. 
1717). Issue, six children. After the death of her second husband in 
1739, she resided in Boston. 

The estate of William Sanford was divided in 1736. It included, by the 
law of primogeniture, the real estate of his father, embracing six thousand 
acres of land in Maine. The deed of partition among his three daughters, 
co-heiresses, by commissioners appointed by the court, is recorded in 
Taunton, Liber 8, p. 370. The freeholders of Phillipston and Sanford, 
Me., trace the title to their estates through this deed. 

Gov. Peleg Sandford was appointed judge of the admiralty court. He 
was living Dec. 1699, but the time of his death is not known; probably 
within the next three years. Roger Mompesson was commissioned, in 1703, 
judge of the same court (Judge Daly's JlisL Court of Common Pleas), 
with jurisdiction extending over Rhode Island. Can any one give the date 
of the death of Governor Sandford ? 


Dutch Surnames. — Prof. Pearson, in the preface to his First Settlers of Albany 
County, gives " A key to the Names of Persons occurring in the Early Dutch 
Kecords of Albany and Vicinity," which we reprint below for the benefit of our 
readers : — 

*' The student who searches the early Dutch records meets with many diflBiculties, 
none of which are more vexatious than their personal names. The majority of the 
first settlers ordinarily used no surnames, some evidently had none. In these cases 
individuals were often distinguished by personal peculiarities, trades, &c., which, 
though sufficient for the time, give little or no aid to one tracing the pedigree of a 
family. It is only after great familiarity with the early writings, and a careful not- 
ing of the use of surnames, as they are sometimes subscribed to wills, conveyances, 
and other important papers, that any connection can be established between a first 
settler and his later descendants. 

"But while many individuals had no surnames whatever, apparently, a few families 
had two or more. Marcelis Janse Van Bommel was farmer of the burger and taps- 
ter's excise of liquors in Beverwyck many years. Some of his children took Mar- 
celis as their surname, others Van Iveren ; without a knowledge of this fact it 
would be quite impossible for his descendants to trace back their pedigree to him. 
A similar case occurred in the Albany branch of the Bratts. In the passage over 
from Holland, one child was born at sea in a storm, and he was named Storm Van 
Derzec, which epithet he and his descendants have since used as a surname. 

" It was not uncommon for the same individual to have two or more surnames, 
and to use them inditlerently. Jan Barentse Wemp [Wemple] was sometiiues 
called Pocst ; he had a mill on Pocsten-kil, which perhaps derived its name from liim 
rather than from the Dutch word poesten. After his death, in 16G3, his witlow Mar- 
itie Myndertse married Sv^eer Teunise. lie had two surnames, Van Velsen and 
Van AVestbroeck. Jan Fort, of Niskayuna.had the following aliases : Jan La Fort, 
Jan Vandervort and Jan Libbertee. 

" The change in the spellini; and pronunciation of names is likewise a source of 
considerable embarrassment. Who would rccoiinize the ancient Du Tiieux (pro- 
nounced Du Troo) in the nioilcrn Truax, or Beauiils in Bovie, or Barrois in Barro- 
way, or, finally, the familiar name of Jones in such laugiiable disguises as TSans, 
TJans and Shawns. The system of nomenclature in common use among the early 

1873.] Notes and Queries. 83 

Dutch settlers consisted in prefixing the child's to the father's Christian name, ter- 
minating in se or sen ; in baptism but one name was usually given ; the patronymic 
was used by custom in all cases, and in the absence of a surname was sometimes 
adopted as such. Thus the children of Rutger Jacobsen (Van Schoenderwoert or Van 
Woert) were respectively Margaret Rutr/ers, Engel Rutgers and Ilarmen Rutgers^ 
and Rutgers was subsequently assumed as the family name. The two sons of the 
first settler Wynant Gerritse (V^ander Poel) were Melgert Wynantse and Gerrit 
Wynautse. The first settler Ilarmen Tomase llun (Vans Amersfort) had a son 
named Tomas Harmense, and a daughter Wyntie Harmense. The first settlers 
Philip and David Schuyler, were more commonly called Philip and David Pieterse, 
being sons of Peter Schuyler. 

" Occasionally two patronymics were used, as Samuel Arentse Samuelse Bratt ; 
i. e. Samuel Bratt the son of Arent, who was the son of Samuel. The use of sur- 
names gradually increased among the Dutch from the time the Province was occu- 
pied by the English, in 1G64, and after the first quarter of the following century few 
names were written without the addition of a family name." 

Our Revolutionary Relics. — In some instances, states, towns and cities have 
bought, and taken pains to protect from spoliation, the relics of the revolutionary 
war, and they have done this at the prompting of a truly patriotic and reverent 
spirit. They would remind the living and future generations of the immense price 
that was paid for our national liberties. Indeed, it may be truly said, that any 
people which fails to commemorate, or hold in respect, the chief events and scenes 
in their history, shows that their degeneracy has already begun. 

On a recent visit to Crown Point we saw that a railway. track had been laid 
through the ruins of the old fort, and that a large part of the earth-works and fort 
had been carried away to fill up an adjacent (Tauscway. 

It is a matter of astonishment that the state of New- York has not bought these 
ruins, and those of Ticonderoga, and preserved them from destruction. Such ruins, 
saturated with patriotic blood, should be sacredly guarded, and cherished with all 
the tender carefulness which gratitude and patriotism can inspire. If thus pre- 
served and cared for during the present century, doubtless succeeding generations 
would hold them in still higher esteem, as the indisi)utable memorials of the nation's 
early history ; and so they would continue for ages, perhaps, to be inspirers of pat- 
riotism and public virtue in the hearts of those who should visit them.— [Editor.] 

Washington Irving's Grave. — It was Irving's request that no ostentatious mon- 
ument, but only simple head and foot stones should mark his grave. Was it be- 
cause he had a presentiment that relic-hunters, — those modern Vandals, — would 
desecrate his grave? If so, his dream is realized. The Vandals have ruined one 
stone already. Whoever could perpetrate such an act is insensible to shame. 


William Sherman and the Rev. Francis Higginson in Leicester, England. — The 
following extract from a letter to me, dated March 25, 1870, from the Rev. Thomas 
W. Davids, of Colchester, England, contains some interesting particulars concerning 
one of the chief supporters, in Leicester, England, of the Rev. Francis Higginson, 
of Salem, Mass., whose memoir, by the Rev. Dr. Felt, may be found in the Register, 
vol. vi. pp. 105-127 :— 

" Among the State papers at the Record oflBce (Dom. Series, Charles I, Ixxxviii. 
13), is one relating to several noncontbrmists, William Sherman, of Leicester, being 
one of them. The date is after August, 1629. It appears that he was favored by 
Bp. Williams, and his case is referred to as an example of that prelate's laxity. 
William Sherman and others had informed against Mr. Blunt, vicar of St. Marga- 
ret's, in that town. To this Blunt replied that Sherman and the rest were puritans, 
whom he would not spare in their irregularities, being surrogate, and that they were 
keepers of conventicles. He adds that Sherman and his fellows knelt before and after 
the communion, but stood up while eating ; and he prayed that the bishop would 
interfere ; but he took no notice. 

" It also appears that Sherman and another had got into the Court of High Com- 
mission for divers inconformities, and were principal ringleaders in such disorders ; 
and that they were the means of introducing Higginson to Leicester, and contribut- 
ed tohis support there. One particular alleged against Sherman before the Court 
of High Commission, was that he and one Miller had setup some one, whose name 
I cannot read, to buy the vicarage of St. Nicholas for Higginson, " a notorious in- 

84 Notes and Queries. [January, 

conformist," and contributed money for that purpose. Sherman escaped from the 
court through Williams's intercession. He then " returned with great rejoicing on 
the part of the puritans of the towne." At the date of the paper, there had been 
several couTenticles in Sherman's house, which Higginson used to frequent. Sher- 
man is described as a man evidently trusted in the whole neighborhood, and of some 
influence, who had successfully pleaded with Williams for the release of some non- 
conformists from the Ecclesiastical Court. '^ 

The Rev. Mr. Davids queries whether the above William Sherman may not be the 
person named in the following extract from the Massachusetts Colony Records, vol. 
1. p. 25, under date of 26 February, 1H28 [-9] :— 

" W"^ Sherman hath liberty for 14 dales to fech his keynes in Northampt., neare 
' ferry." 

Dr. Savage ( Genealogical Dictionary, iv. 85) thinks that the owner of the cows 
may be the William Sherman who subsequently settled in Plymouth, N. E., a ge- 
nealogy of whose family, by Rev. Dr. Sherman, is printed in this number of the 
Register, pp. 73-6 ; but if, as Dr. Sherman asserts, the Plymouth settler was 
"poor and unlettered," and Rev. Mr. Davids's conjecture be correct, this was 
probably not the case. John Ward Dean. 

Parsons. — Can any one give us the date of the birth of Philip Parsons, who 
was of Enfield, Conn., 1690 or 97, and still living there as late as 1713? 

His wife Ann died 15 July, 1752. Who were his parents? 

Joseph Parsons, son of Joseph and Abigail (Phelps) of West Springfield, was 
born, as by Springfield records, 1702. Had he descendants ; and if so, w^iere did 
they settle ? 

Who were the parents of Moses Parsons, who had a son Ezra, of Ludlow, jNIass. ? 
Ezra died in 1800. 

Joseph Parsons and wife Elizabeth (Wheelwright) dau. of the Rev. John, of 
Boston, had sons: Joseph, b. 18 August, 1667; and Wheelwright, b. 10 April, 
1674. Is anything known of their descendants ? 

Jabez Parsons, b. Enfield, 1 March, 1730, and Noah, b. 6 February, 1734, sons of 
Christopher and Mary (Pease) Parsons — did they leave descendants? — if so, w^here 
did they settle ? 

DanieP Parsons and wife Mary had a son Benjamin, b. 9 July, 1722, in Enfield, 
Conn. We should like to obtain information concerning his descendents, or those 
of the other children of Daniel. 

Replies are respectfully solicited, which may be addressed to the subscriber. 
David Parsons^ Holtox, M.D., 

148 East 78th street, New- York. 

^loRTON — Safford. — (REGISTER, Oct., 1872, p. 445.) In record of children of Jo- 
seph*^, in 14th line of page 445, after the words " William Saxton, the subject of 
this sketch," insert " Josephine Eugenia, married Nathaniel Foster Safibrd, of Dor- 
chester." The entire paragraph will then read as follows : — 

Joseph^, b. Aug. 6, 1764, d. Oct. 13, 1843, had Mary Hersey, mar. George 
Thompson ; Joseph Ephraim, deceased ; William Saxton, deceased ; William Saxton^ 
the subject of this sketch; Josephine Eugenia, mar. Nathaniel Foster Safford, of 
Dorchester; Sarah Bradford; Caroline Stimson, deceased; Abigail, deceased. 
Child of Nathaniel F. and Josephine Eugenia Saflord, Nathaniel Morton Safibrd, of 
Dorchester. Natuaniel F. Safford. 

Washington's Lineage. — [The following is admitted as one of the " curiosities " 
of history. It will not effect the credibility of the wtatements heretofore made on 
the subject of W^ashington's birthplace, by Washington himself, by Sparks (Zi/e 
of Washington, vol. i. p. 546-51), and by Geo. W. P. Custis {ante, vol. xi. p. 3). 
In addition to these statements we have the record in the ll\mily Bible, said to be in 
the handwriting of Washington, which record and the family tradition, and the 
statements above referred to and based thereon, must be taken as conclusive on the 
subject until better documentary proof is offered to the contrary. 

We take the liberty to cordially invite Col. Chester, of Ixmdon, to fulfil in the 
pages of the Register the promise implied in his interesting article on the Washing- 
ton family, ante, vol. xxi. p. 25. — Editor.] 

" The entire demolition of the now" [once] " universally received pedigree " of 
the American Washingtonn, by Col. Chester in the Register for Jan. 1867, seems 
to invite the registry in your pages of whatever may bear on the question of Gen. 


Notes and Queries. 


Washington's nativity and 'family, especially of statements published in liis life- 
time. In a sketch of Gen. Wasliinirton, pul^lished in London, 1781-1783, l)y 'Charles 
Henry xVrnold, Rsq., late of ]^hiladelj)hia,' he says: 'Israel Putnam had commanded 
in the action at IJunker's Hill ; but the principal dependence of the colonists wns 
upon ]M;ijor-(jencral Washington. . . .This gentleman's family was originally descend- 
ants from Lincolnshire, but removed to Coventry, where Mr. Washington was 
born, the 3d of September, 1727. His mother was descended from the famous Gene- 
ral Monk, afterwards created Duke of Albemarle VV^ashington was a private vol- 
unteer in Wade's regiment in 1716 ; he served against the rebels, and afterwards 
travelled int(j foreign countries ; but when the war broke out, in 1755, he crossed the 
Atlantic, and beciiine a Major of the i)rovincial forces raised against the French in 
America. He at length ol)tained a regiment there ; but when j)eace was concluded, 
retired to cultivate an estate which he had purchased in Virginia.' " 


First Child named for George Washington in New-England. — (From the 
Ncw-Enyland Chronicle or the Esi^cx Gazflte, vol. viii. No. 300, from Thursday, 
July 27, to Thursday, August 3, 1775.) '■''Canibridfje, Avgusl 3. — Last Sabbath a 
child of Col. Robinson, of Dorchester, was baptized by the Rev. Mr. Dunbar, of 
Stoughton, by the name of George Washington." 

Query. — Is anything known of the history of this child ? G. H. Preble. 

Rives, The Hon. William Ca- 
bell. — Grace Church, coynty Albe- 
marle, Va., stands near the resi- 
dence of the late William C. Rives, 
to whose liberality, and the devoted 
zeal and untiring energy of Mrs. 
Rives, the good people of that vicini- 
ty are mainly indebted for the im- 
posing and substantial structure in 
which they are privileged to assem- 
ble for Divine worship. 

In this church there has recently 
been placed an appropriate mural 
tablet. The admirable inscription 
is published under the persuasion 
that it will prove very acceptable to 
the many, at home and abroad, who 
revered and loved the deceased, and 
that all of cultivated taste will es- 
teem it as a model of monumental 



BORN 4Tn MAY, 1793. 

DIED 25Tn APRIL, 1868. 

















'■^Blessed are the dead which die in the L ORD.^* 

A Tripoline Negro Slave, Prize to the U. S. Ship Constitution— 1804. — [The 
following is a copy of a paper found among the papers of Commodore Preble. Can 
any one explain the transaction here referred to ? Who was "Geo. Dyson ?" — Editor.] 

''Syracuse, October ^Sth, 1804. 

"Received from the castle at Syracuse, one Tripoline negroe Slave, prize to the 
United States ship Constitution and shoon'^ Enterprise, captured off Tripoly on the 
23d of December, 1803, in the Ketch Mastico, since called the Intrepid — Which 
slave I promise to return agreeable to the order of the commanding officer of the 
United St-ates vessels of war stationed in the Mediterranean. Geo. Dyson." 

Vol. XXVII. 8 

86 Notes and Queries, [January, 

Cextennial of the Declaration of Independence of the United States. 1776 — 
187G. — [We have received the following circular, and shall be happy to be a medium 
of conveying to Mr. Snowden any communications designed tor him in response to 
the following appeal. — Editor,] 

'' I have, at the rec^uest of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, undertaken to 
prepare a memoir for the National Centennial ' upon the precise time, place and in- 
cidentals of the composition, adoption, signing and promulgation of the Declaration 
of Independence.' 

In order that this work may be prepared in a creditable and acceptable manner, I 
have deemed it proper to invoke the assistance of my fellow-citizens in collecting 
materials for it. 

1. Persons who may have in their possession any letters, diaries or other manu- 
scripts relating to this subject, will render a public service b}' sending me copies of 
such papers, or by giving a reference where they can be examined or obtained. 

2. 1 will also esteem it a favor to be referred to any published book, pamphlet 
or paper, which may be useful in the discharge of the duty assigned me. I make 
this request because some publications, especially those of a local and personal char- 
acter, may escape my notice unless my attention is called to them. 

3. 1 intend to embrace in this memoir a notice of historical places and objects 
connected with the composition, adoption and promulgation of the Declaration of 
Independence; for example, the house where it was written, the desk used by Mr. 
Jefferson, the table upon which it was signed, the Hall of Congress, the chair of 
Hancock, the bell of liberty, &c. And, as far as practicable, to notice the places of 
abode of each member of the Committee of Independence, and of each member of 
the Congress of 1776, while sojourning in Philadelphia. Information on these points 
will be gratefully received ; and any engravings or drawings of persons or places 
connected therewith will be most thankfully acknowledged. It is intended to illus- 
trate the work with pictorial representations of historical places, and of persons and 
objects connected with the great event to be commemorated. 

4. Copies of the Declaration of Independence were sent by order of the Conti- 
nental Congress, under date of July 5, 1776, to the several assemblies, conventions 
and committees of safety of the thirteen states then declared free and independent ; 
and to the several commanding officers of the continental troops, with instructions 
that it ' be proclaimed in each of the United States, and at the head of the army.' 
In Philadelphia this order of Congress was carried into effect by the Council of 
Safety, on the 8th of July, at twelve o'clock, at which time the Declaraticm was 
read and proclaimed from the building in Independence Square, which had been 
erected in 1769, as an observatory to notice the transit of Venus. It will be inter- 
esting to place on permanent record the time and place of the promulgation' of inde- 
pendence in the other states, and by the commanding officers of the continental 
troops. Information on these subjects is also respectfully invoked. 

5. And generally, any information, paper, manuscript or engraving, which is 
germane to the subject herein mentioned, will be thankfully received, and will be 
duly acknowledged in the work which it is my intention to prepare, if lil'e and 
health permit. James Ross Snowden. 

Philadelphia^ August 28, 1871 {ISo. 7 Stale House).''' 

Washington — Thornton's Life. — " A | true and authentic | History | of His Ex- 
cellency I George Washington | ... By the Reverend Mr. Thomas Thornton . , . 
Philadelphia . . . 1790," begins with these words : " Notwithstanding it has often 
been asserted with confidence, that General AVashington was a native of England, 
certain it is liis ancestors came from thence to this country so long ago as the year 
1657. He, in the third descent aft(>r their migration, was born on the 11th of Feb- 
ruary (old style), 1732, at the parish of Washington, in Westmoreland county, in 
Virginia . . . the first fruit of a second marriage." J. W. Thornton. 

Whitten. — Who were the parents (and what were their antecedents) of Rebecca 

o' (Saco), Maine, who married Joshua Pillshury, of New- 

Whitten, of P(>pporrellbor 

bury? Their intfmtum of maniage was publislied in Newbury, Dec. 20, 1763, and 
ehe (lied in Newbury, June 28, 1819, aged 77 (gravestone). The records of Saco 
make no mention of her family. J. M. Bhaduury. 

■Jpsicich^ Mass. 

1873.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, 87 

Ancient Town Records of Connecticut — Their Preservation. — [By chap. ex. 
of tiie Acts of the Geiieml Assembly of Connecticut, passed in the year 1870, pro- 
vision is made for tlie preservation of the ancient records of that state. We print 
the act, in hope that it may lead other legislatures to do the same. They cannot 
move too rapidly in this direction if they would save the old records. — Editor.] 

" Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the town clerk, in each town in this state, having 
manuscript volumes of town records, containing entries of deeds, town votes, wills, 
or judicial proceedings made prior to the year 1700, to cause copies to be made of 
all such entries, in a fair and legible hand, to the satisfaction of the state librarian ; 
an;l to transmit said copies to the state librarian on or before the fourth day of July, 
1871, for preservation in the state lil)rary. 

" Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the state librarian to procure and furnish to the 
town clerks of the several towns above referred to, suitable blank books, substantial- 
ly bound, in which to make said copies. 

*' Sec 3. As soon as any book ontaining such copies shall be received and ap- 
proved by the state librarian, he shall give to the town clerk from whom he shall 
have received the same an order for such sum as said librarian may deem a reasona- 
ble compensation for making said copies; and the comptroller is hereby authorized 
to approve and allow all orthu's so given, and also such further accounts as said state 
librarian may contract in procuring and furnishing the blank-books described in 
section second, and to draw uj)()n the state treasurer for the payment of the same. 

" Approved, July 15th, 1870. " 

Currier. — Samuel Currier, of Haverhill, who married Mary Hardy about 1668, 
is supposed })y his descendants to have been a son of Richard Currier, one of the 
early inhabitants of Salisbury and Amesbur}^; but he is not mentioned in Richard 
Currier's will. Is there any evidence tending to prove this assumed connection? 

J. M. Bradbury. 

Kittery. — Where does the name of the town of Kittery, Maine, come from, and 
when was this name first applied to that town ? c. w. t. 


Prepared ])y the Rev. Dokus Clarke, D.D,, Ilistoriograplier. 

Jeremiah Peabody Jewett, M.D., of Lowell, a resident member, died in that 
city, June 23, 1870, cet. 62. He was a son of Dr. Jeremiah and Mrs. Temperance 
(Dodge) Jewett, of Barnstead, N. H., and was born m that town, Feb. '24, 1808. 
His father, a native of Rowley, Mass., after attending Dummer Academy, studied 
medicine with Drs. Torrey and Spoff'ord, of Rowley, and in 1792 removed to Barn- 
stead, where he began the practice of his profession. For a quarter of a century, 
he was the only physician in the place. He died there April 22, 1836, aged 79. 
His mother, Temperance, was a sister of Mrs. Judith (Dodge) Peabody, the mother 
of i\Ir. George Peabody, the eminent jDhilanthropist. See was born April 4, 1772, 
and died in Barnstead, Nov. 11, 1872, aged 100 years 7 months. The paternal de- 
scent of Dr. Jewett is said to be from Joseph Jewett, an early settler of Rowle}'". 

The sul)ject of this notice studied medicine with his father, and, for a year or 
two, with Dr. Jeremiah SpofFord, of Groveland, IMass. In the years 1831-2 he was 
a student in the medical department of Dartmouth College, under the instruction 
of Drs. Massey and Oliver. He received the degree of M.D. from that college, 1835. 

In March, 1833, he settled in Lowell as a physician. For uuiuy years he was 
special coroner of the city of Lowell, and in 1855 was a representative of that city 
in the Massachusetts legislature. He was a fellow of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, and for a considerable time president of the Medical Society of " the Mid- 
dlesex District." 

The disease of which he died was dropsy. His health had been declining since 
the autumn of the year 1868. His funeral was attended on the 27th of June, 1870, 
by a large concourse of jDCople. He was interred in the Lowell cemetery. 

88 N. E. Historic f Genealogical Society, [January, 

Dr. Jewett married Miss Harriet E. Loomis, of Windsor, Ct., by whom he had 
the following children, who survived him : — 1, EmmaL.; 2, Henrietta A, ; 3, 
Tho/nas P. ; 4, Joseph D. ; and 5, Alice A. 

He left at his decease a manuscript history of Barnstead, N. H., which has since 
been revised and enlarged, and in 1872 was published in a duodecimo of 264 pages, 
by his friend, Robert B. Caverly, Esq., of the Middlesex bar. 

He was admitted a resident member of this society July 14, 1855. 

The Rev. Ephraim Abbot, a corresponding member, was born in Newcastle, Me., 
Sept. 28, 1779, and died of pneumonia in VV^estford, Mass., July 21, 1870, in his 
91st year. He was the oldest son of Benjamin Abbot (who fought at Bunker 
Hill), hy his wife Sarah, daughter of Daniel and Ruth (Morrill) Brown, of Bruns- 
wick, Me. ; and a descendant in the 5th generation from George^ Abbot, of Andover, 
Avho m. Hannah, daughter of William and Agnes Chandler, through Thomas^ by 
wife Hannah Grey ; Benjamin,^ by w. Hannah Abbot, and Benjamin,* above, his 
father. His parents removed from Newcastle to Alna, Me., and thence to Concord, 
N. H. After studying under the Rev. Asa McFarland, and at Exeter Phillips Acade- 
my, he entered Harvard College in 1802, and graduated in 1806. He was preceptor of 
an academy in Charlestown, Mass., from 1806 to 1808, when he entered the Theo- 
logical Seminary in Andover, and graduated with its first class in 1810. He was a 
missionary to the Indians in Eastern Maine, from June, 1811, to iNlay , 1812 ; preached 
as stated supply in Coventry, Ct., 3 mos., and was agent of the Massachusetts Bible 
Society in Rhode Island and New-Hampshire till the following year. On the 26th 
of October, 1813, he was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church in Green- 
land, N. H. On the 1st of December, 1825, he became preceptor of theBrackett 
Academy, newly established in Greenland, still retaining his ministerial relations to 
the church. In the autumn of 1828, he dissolved his connection with both parish 
and academy, and removed to Westford, Mass. In November he became principal 
of Westford Academy, and held the position nearly nine years. In May, 1831, he 
commenced supplying the pulpit of the First Congregational Church ( Unitarian) 
.'in Westford, and continued to do so till 1835. He again supplied it from 1840 to 
.1845. In the fall of 1848, having recently lost the greater part of his property'", he 
sold most of his real estate in Westford and removed to Harvard, Mass. ; but in 
April, 1850, he returned to Westford and cultivated a small farm. He married 1st, 
Jan. 5, 1814, Mary Holyoke Pearson, dau. of the Rev. Eliphalet Pearson. Her 
mother, Priscilla Holyoke, was a dau. of the Rev. Edward Holyoke, president of 
Harvard College, and great granddaughter of the Rev. John Rogers, another presi- 
dent of that college, who was a grandson of the Rev. John Rogers, of Dedham, 
England, between whom and the proto-martyr, John Rogers, no connection has yet 
been traced. (See Register, xvi. 43, 93 ; v. 128.) She was b. March 6, 1782, and 
d. in Westford July 15, 1829. He married 2d, Jan. 21, 1830, Abigail Whiting 
Bancroft, dau. of Amos and Abigail (Whiting) Bancroft, of Groton, Mass. His 
children, all by his second wife, were: — 1, Abba Mar?a, b. Nov. 14, 1830, d. Oct. 
30, 1831 ; 2, Lucy M. B.,h. April 10, 1832; 3, Amos B., b. Nov. 11, 1833, d. Jan. 
25,1835; 4, Ephrnim E. P., b. Aug. 9, 1835, d. April 20, 1841 ; 5, George Ed- 
loard Henry, b. Feb. 15, 1838, grad. Harvard College 1860; 6, Sarah Bass, b. July 
13, 1841. 

In connection with the Rev. Abiel Abbot, D.D., of Peterborough, N. H., he com- 

Siled A Genealogical Re(jister of the Abbot Family, which was published in 1847, in 
loston, in an octavo of 197 pages. 

Mr. Abbot was a christian gentleman of the old school. He delighted in the 
study of the Bible, and was accustomed, even in extreme old age, and within a 
short time of his death, to read it critically in the original languages. He was ear- 
nest, cheerful and charitable. For some time he was a justice of the peace, and 
served on the school committee of Westford. In 1839 he represented that town in 
the state legislature. He was admitted a member of this society, Aug. 10, 1847. 

Samuel Hall, Esq., of East Boston, a resident member, died there November 
13, 1870, aged 70. He was the youngest son of Capt. Luke^ and Mrs. Anna (Tuels) 
Hall, of Marshfield, jNIass., where he was born April 23, 1800. His great grand- 
father, Adam^ Hall, said to be from Scotland, settled in INIarshfield in the early part 
of the last century, where he married, Jan. 6, 1725, Sarah, dau. of William and 
Mercy (White) Sherman, and granddaughter of Peregrine VVhite, the first white 
child born in New-England. His grandfather, Capt. Adam" Hall, married, in 1752, 
Kezia, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Rogers) Ford, and had seven children, of whom 
Luke^, above, was the 5th. 

1873.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 89 

His opportunities for education in his youth were very limited, he having been al)le 

' attend school only six months in the year. In early life lie was engaged in the 

;<iness of shipbuilding with his two elder brothers, Luke and William, at White's 
I .rry, in Marshlield. Subse(iuently he removed to Duxbury, where he built ships 
Iwrthe Westons and other leading merchants. Having established the rei)utatiou 
o( a tir'^t-class shi])builder, he Avas induced to remove to Kast Boston, where he 
' inched his first vessel in the autumn of 1H.S9. From that time till his death he 

iitijiucd to build ships, which were among the finest and best that were launched 
ill these watei"s. 

His active business habits, his great energy, his exactness in financial matters 
and his sound judgment soon l)r(uight him into notice. While a member of the 
f i^t(m board of aldermen in 1819 and 18r)(), he took an active interest in the intro- 

iction of Cochituate water into p]ast lioston, and suggested the manner and route 

which it was introduced. In ISiyQ he was a member of the ^hissa<-husetts house 

. rej)resentatives from Jioston, and in 18(50 from .Nhirshiicld, his native town. For 

nearly fifteen years he was president of the Fast IJoston Ferry Company, and at tlie 

time of his decease he was jn-esident of the Maverick National iiank, a position 

w hich lie had held for about twenty years. 

lie married, fii-st, Christiana Kent; second, Huldah P>. Sherman, both of Marsh- 
iii'ld. He had eight children, of whom four survived iiim, namely : 1, Satiiud ; 2, 
Wdltrr Scotl; 3," Afc/zr/V/ ( Kmery) ; and 1, Harriet (i. 

He was admitted a resident memi)er of this society July 23, 1855. 

Hon. BrcKiNGiiAM Smith was born on Cumberland Island, Georgia, near the 
Florida line, Oct. 31, 1810, and died in the city of New-York Jan. 5, 1871. His 
ancestors removed from Taunton, Mass., to Litchfield, Conn., and thence to AVater- 
t iwn. Conn. He was the son of Josiah an<l Hannah (Smith) Smith, who were 
ciuieins. Josiah Smith, his father, died in iS' Xalapa, in Mexico, where he was 
I . S. Consul, aged 50 yea i-s. Mi-s. Hannah Smith died in St. Augustine, Fla., in 
1^*58. aged 83 years. Their only children were : 1, Thomas Buckingham^ the subject 
this notice ; and 2, Hannali or Anita. 

Alter his father's death, Thomas Buckingham Smith was placed by his uncle, 
Kobert Smith, of New Bedford, ^biss., at Washington, now Trinity College, in 
Hartford, Conn., where lie ))ursued the i)artial orscientific course, from al>outNo- 
^ ember, 1827, to August, 18.30. Soon after he left college hedropped the " Thomas " 
from his name. He was educated to the profession of the law, at the Law School 
in Cambridge, Mass., and in the office of Gen. Samuel Fessenden, of Portland, Me., 
■whose son, the late Hon. AVilliam l^itt Fessenden {ante, xxv. 105-10), was his fellow 
student. He practised law in ^^une one year, and then opened a law office in St. 
A ugustine, Florida. He was twice elected to the Fhtrida legislature, from St. John's 
county, and was at one time speaker of the house of assemlily. September 20, 1814, 
lie was nuirried to Julia G. (Gardner, oi^y daughter of Eeuben G. and FlizabethM. 
(Stinson) Gardner. Keuben G. Gardner died February 18, 1827, and Mrs. Flizabeth 
M. Gardner is supposed to be still living in St. Augustine, Florida. Mrs. Julia G., 
'Wife of ;Mr. Smith, died in New- York, without issue, December 20, 1801. 

On the 9th of Sejitember, 1850, Buckingham Smith was appointed secretary of 
legation to ^lexico, by President Taylor, and was recalled by President Fillmore 
February 2, 1852. While he was in Mexico, Mr. Smith made the acquaintance of 
several historical scholars, and especially of Don Jose F. Ramerez, with whom he 
maintained a very friendly correspondence through life. In 1851 Mr. George \Y. 
Kiggs, Jr., of Washington, D. C.,at his own expense, printed the first literary 
work of Mr. Smith, the " Narrative of Alvar Nunez Cabeca de Yaca," as he did 
his secemd, in 1854 ; and in 1853 Mr. Smith contributed valuable papers on the 
Pimos and Casas Grande to the third part of the government work, "Information 
respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes," pp. 290-300. 
Tlie work contains extracts from the diaries of Padres Garces and Font, from the 
liiary of Monge, and an anonymous work on Sonora. In the table of " contents " 
i^lr. Schoolcraft, with characteristic vanity, put his own initials to the title. 

June 5, 1855, Mr. Smith was appointed secretary of legation to Spain, by Presi- 
dent Pierce, Augustus C. Dodge, of Iowa, being minister, and was recalled by 
President Buchanan. While he was in Spain he gained the friendship of the 
oriental scholar, Pascual de Gaj'angos, of de Reos, editor of Oviedo, and other 
scholars, and made extensive researches into the archives at Simancas and Seville. 
lie furnished much valuable information, which he had gathered in those researches, 
for the histories of Prescott, Bancroft, Parkman, Squier, &c. Of the matter col- 

VoL. XXVII. 8* 

90 N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, [January, 

lected for his own projected History of Florida, he printed at Madrid, under his own 
eye, comparing the proof, in all cases, with the original document, a volume enti- 
tled " Coleccion de V^arios Documentos," to which Trlibuer, of London, induced 
him to put his imprint. 

He also contributed articles to the Historical Magazine in 1859, 1860, 1861 and 
1862, and a " Grammatical Sketch of the lleve Language " to the second number 
of the Bulletin of the Ethnological Society, which was also published in Shea's 
American Linguistics in 1861. A Grammar of the Pima or Nevome Language was 
printed in Spanish under his editorial care in the Linguistics, in 1862, with a Doctri- 
na Cristiana of Confesionario. 

He also printed, in 1862, a very quaint and curious account of Sonora from a manu- 
script, " Rudo Ensayo Tentativa de una Prevencional Descripcion Geogrofioa de la 
Provincia de Sonora," an anonymous work of some old Spanish Jesuit. In 1864 
appeared his " Inquiry into the Authenticity of Documents, concerning a Discovery 
in North America, claimed to have been made by Verrazzano," in which he sought 
to establish the point that the narrative published by Ramusio was a fiction. This 
*' Inquiry " was read before the New- York Historical Society, and in a subsequent 
visit to Spain he obtained additional documents, still further sul^stantiating his posi- 
tion, which led him to prepare a new edition, which he left unpublished. 

In June, 1866, Mr. Smith was appointed tax commissioner for Florida, and in the 
same year he prepared for the Bradford Club a translation of the " Narratives of the 
Career of Hernando De Soto in the Conquest of Florida, as told by a Knight of Elvas 
and in a Relation by Luys Hernandez de Biedma," to which he added various curi- 
ous documents relating to De Soto. In the supplement to Duyckinck's Cyclopccdia 
of American Literature are sketches of Verrazzano, Biedma, Can9er, Pareja, 
Florencia, Benavides, Rochefort, Ayeta and Sigiienza, contributed by Mr. Smith. 
At the time of his death Mr. Smith was carrying through the press a new edition of 
his work on Cabeca de Vaca, of which the Hon. Henry C. Murphy had assumed the 
publication. This recital of the literary labors of Mr. Smith does not, however, 
comprise a full bibliography of his works. 

Mr. Smith was a man of strict integrity, and of extraordinary fidelit}' in his 
researches and writings. He had great sagacity in his judgment of events. He 
was remarkably reticent about himself, and the largest part of his personal history 
has been obtained from others, and not from his own lips. 

He was a kind-hearted man, fond of the society of his friends, a favorite with 
children, a connoisseur of works of art, and a great admirer of the painters of the 
old Spanish school. He was eccentric, would enter your house abruptly, and leave 
as suddenly. Unexpectedly to his friends, he would leave for New^York, and as 
suddenly turn up in Florida, and perhaps in Spain. He was a hard student, but not 
an easy writer. Prolific as his publications were, they were in a manner forced 
out of him by his friends, and when they appeared they were unsatisfactory to 
himself. i 

His death was tragic indeed. He attempted, very injudiciously, to spend the last 
winter in New- York. He was not aware that his lungs were seriously diseased, 
though he was hopelessly gone in consumption. On the 4th of January he left the 
Jtiouse of his cousin, Mrs. Hewitt, to go to his rooms and consult his physician. 
The latter advised him at once to procure a nurse. As he stepped out of the car at 
12th street his strength fliiled him ; a brutal policeman dragged him to a distant 
station house, and thrust him into a cold cell, where he lay all night, and then was 
sent to a hospital, where he died the same day, January 5, 1871, at tlie age of 60 
years. Though his address was on his person, no attempt was made to notif}' his 
friends, and although they made search for him in almost every imagiua)»le direc- 
tion, it was by a mere accident that his remains were found. That a man of his 
distinction should have passed away in circumstances so trying and peculiar, is one 
of those mysteries which enwrap many of the conditions of this mysterious world. 

Mr. Smith was elected to a corresponding membership in this society, which he 
accepted, December 15, 1863. 

Prepared by Charles "W. Tuttle, Esq., Assistant Ilistoriographcr. 

Joseph Palmer, M.D., a resident member, was born in Needham, Mass., October 
'3, 17(J6. He was the eldest son of the Rev. Stephen Palmer, a graduate of Harvard 
College in 1789, who was settled in the ministry in the Fast l^irish of Neediiam,for 
a period of nearly twenty-nine years, dying there October 31, 1821, at the age of 
-fifty-five years and tweuty-three days, ilis grandfather, for whom he was named, 

1873.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 91 

was the Rev. Joseph Palmer, born in Cambridge, September 2, 1729, graduated at 
Harvard College 1747, minister at Norton from 1753 till his death, April 4, 1791, 
who was a son of Stephen and Sarah (Grant) Palmer, a grandson of Stephen bap. 
1G97 at Cambridge, whose father Stephen may have been the first person of that 
name in Cambridge, or possibly his son. 

His mother was Catherine, daughter of the Rev. Jason Haven, pastor of the First 
Church in Dedham, where she was born August 28, 1774. The Rev. Mr. Haven 
graduated at Harvard College in 1754, married Catherine, daughter of the Rev. 
Samuel Dexter, of Hedham, whom he succeeded as pastor of the First Church in 
Dedham, in 1756, and continued in that office till his death. May 17, 1803, 

He began to fit for college under his father ; but not wishing to go to college, 
made slow progress in his studies. His parents were exceedingly anxious that he 
should receive a collegiate education at the same college which his father, grand- 
fiither, maternal gi*andfather and great grandfather had, and he was persuaded to 
follow in the footsteps of his ancestors. At the age of eighteen years he left Need- 
ham, and went to the academy in Framingham, where he continued till August, 1818, 
when he entered college at Cam])ridge. His favorite studies while there were Latin 
and Greek, especially the latter. This made him a favorite with Dr. Popkin, the 
Greek Professor, and he had assigned him a Greek Dialogue at the minor exhibi- 
tion, and a Greek Oration at Commencement. After leaving college, in 1820, he 
kept the Eliot School, at Jamaica Plain, Roxbury, one year, and then was employed 
as assistant in the private school of Mr. Charles \V. Greene, for a few months. 
While here, a vacancy having occurred in the Latin School in Boston, he made ap- 
plication for the place, was appointed usher, and entered upon the duties of this 
office January 1, 1822. Here he continued till October, 1824, when he resigned, 
being worn out with the arduous duties of the office. Among the pupils under his 
charge while usher in the Latin School, were the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, the Hon. 
Charles Sumner, the Hon. George Tyler Bigelow, and many other gentlemen now dis- 
tinguished in public and professional life. While thus engaged he began the study 
of medicine, under Dr. Chandler Robbins, of Boston, and continued the study after 
leaving the Latin School, till February, 1826, when he received the degree of M.D. 
from Harvard College. He immediately entered upon the practice of his profession 
in Boston, and continued in practice, with but one or two interruptions, till the 
close of the year 1829. On the third day of October, 1825, beiu^ his twenty-ninth 
birthday, he married Mary Lucy Loretto Charlotte, daughter of James and Char- 
lotte (Kneeland) Gorham, of Boston. She was born in Havana, Cuba, December 
10, 1805, where her fiither then resided as a merchant. Upon the death of her 
father there, in 1814, she returned to Boston with her mother. 

Her father owned a large coffee plantation, about forty-five miles from Havana, 
called the San Cyrilo, which she inherited. A few months after his marriage it be- 
came necessary that he should personally look after his wife's interest in this plan- 
tation ; and he sailed on the fourteenth of March, 1826, for Havana, on this busi- 
ness. The only incident of the voyage worthy of mention, was being chased by a 
pirate vessel, just before reaching Cuba, and being rescued by a war vessel of the 
United States. He returned home late in May, and while in New- York he went to 
the Park Theatre, and saw the celebrated Edmund Kean in the character of Shylock. 

The Cuban plantation failing to yield the expected amount of income, he conclu- 
ded to go there and reside. On the twenty-fifth day of November, 1829, he sailed 
with his wife and child in the brig Agile, for Havana, reaching that place on the 
sixteenth day of December. He proceeded to his plantation, and there settled down 
with the design of conducting it himself. An ofi'er to purchase the plantation was 
soon made to him, which, after some time, he accepted, He and his wife passed 
some weeks visiting friends in Cuba, and on the seventeenth day of May, 1830, he 
embarked, with his family, for Boston. 

Having always had a desire to be connected with a newspaper, he gladly accepted 
an offer made to him in September, to go into the ofiice of the Columbian Ceniinel, 
which was about to be issued daily instead of semi-weekly. Here he remained till 
October, 1831, when he purchased of Beals & Homer one-third of the Daily Com- 
mercial Ga;re^/e, and formed wjth them a partnership. This continued, with some 
changes of partners, until 1839, when the co-partnership was dissolved, the enter- 
prise proving a financial failure. On the ninth day of February, 1833, his wife 
died suddenly ; and on the twelfth day of March, 1834, he married Elizabeth 
Frances Harrington, the niece and adopted daughter of Mr. Edward Renouf, of 
Boston. She was born in Cambridge, September 7, 1805. In about a year her 
health began to fail, and it was judged that a warmer climate would be more favor- 

92 N, E. Historic^ Genealogical Society, [January, 

able for her. In March, 1830, he sailed with his family for Havana, being his third 
voyage there. Here they remained till the middle of May, when it became appa- 
rent that his wife's health did not improve as was expected, and they returned home. 
She gradually declined, and died October 15, 1836. 

In 1840 a i)aper called the W/iifj Republican was started by the printers formerly 
connected with the Centinel, and Dr. Palmer was engaged to be the editor. In less 
than three months it stopped for want of capital, he losing all his salary. From 
September, 1840, to August, 1842, he was the editor of the Boston Transcript, tak- 
ing the place of Mr. Walter, the editor, who was sick. 

On the seventeenth day of December, 1843, he married Elizabeth Blanchard 
Gragg, of Boston. During the sessions of the legislature of 1844 and of 1845, he 
reported the proceedings of the Massachusetts legislature, for the Boston Daily Ad- 
vertiser. From April, 1844, to the end of the year, he was the editor of the Boston 
Traveller. From 1845 to 1849 he was commercial editor and reporter of local in- 
telligence for the Boston Atlas. In July, 1849, he was appointed Inspector in the 
Custom House, and held the office till June, 1853. He then became connected with 
the Boston Daily Advertiser., in the same capacity as he had been with the Atlas. 2^^^ 
continued in this position sixteen years, retiring in 1869, on account of ill health. 

Dr. Palmer was fond of historical and genealogical researches. In 1851 he began 
to prepare the necrology of Harvard College {ante, xiv. 375), which was printed ia 
the Advertiser, on commencement mornings, from that time to 1869. In 1870, he 
published it in the Christian Register. These biographical sketches had so much 
merit that in 1863 they were collected to that date, and published in an octavo volume 
of 536 pages. He was a member of the Historical Stjcieties of New-York, Khode- 
Island, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Maryland and Massachusetts. He became a 
resident member of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society in 18.5*2. and 
was a most useful member to the end of his life. He was its first Historiographer, 
filling the office from 1856 to 1862 ; and from 1862 till his death, he was of the board 
of directors. 

Dr. Palmer was marked by a peculiar gentleness of manner and sweetness of 
temper, which endeared him to all who knew him. He was patient under all cir- 
cumstances, and charitable towards all. His industry was great, and he labored 
as long as his sj'stem would allow. A few years before his death his siglit began 
to fail him, and with this his health declined till March 3, 1871, when he died. His 
"wife and a daughter survive him. 

Charles Hexry Woodwell was born in Newburj^jort, March 18, 1828. He was 
son of David and Joanna (Cook) Woodwell. David Woodwell was fit'th in descent 
from jNIatthew Woodwell, the great ancestor of the family, who died in Salem, Mass., 
in 1691. 

Mr. \Voodwell learned the art of printing in the office of the Newhuryport Herald^ 
where he worked as an apprentice four years and a half. At the age of twenty-one 
he came to Boston, where he worked in the capacity of compositor, proof reader and 
reporter, for the Advertiser, and for the Post. He served as private in one of the 
nine months regiments in the late civil war. He was war correspondent of the Post 
for some time, writing under the signature of '• Prescott." In 1866 he resumed his 
connection with the Arfrer^/scr, and was its chief reporter till 1869, when he pur- 
chased, in connection with a partner, the AVorcester Evening Gazette, which he as- 
sisted in editing till his death. 

Mr. AV^ood well joined the Franklin Tj'pographical Society of Boston in 1851, and 
was its president three successive years ; and at the time of his death was its treas- 
urer. He was, also, treasurer of the Massachusetts Editors' and Pul)iis]iers' Associa- 
tion. He was a worthy member of the Grand Army of the Kepublic, and of the 
Masonic Fraternity. 

Mr, AV^oodwell was deeply attached t<i his profession. Whether as compositor, 
reporter or editor, he devoted his whole energy to his work, and became master of 
the art. His supremacy in these departments made him consi)icuous among his 

Perhaps one of the most striking traits in Ins character, was his zeal for the pub- 
lic welfare of the Boston printers. To him, it is said, is mainly due the procuring 
of a l>eautiful printers' burial lot, at Mount H(>j)o ; the delivery, bv the Hon. Ed- 
ward lOvcrett, of his great oration on Bcnjaniin Franklin, at the ^lusic Hall, by 
which the treasury of the Ty])ographi('al Society was enriched several hundred 
dollars ; and the i)rocuring of the Preble Hall in Trcmont street, for the use of that 

1873.] N. E. Historic J Genealogical Society, 93 

Mr. Woodwell was prominent in every undertaking which contributed to the 
welfare of his fellow printers. By them he was held in the highest estimation. 

JNJr. Woodwell married, Sept. 15, 1853, Louisa Constant, dau. of Jacob Haskell, 
of NeAv])uryport. She died April 30, 1856, leaving dau. Anne Eunice, who died 
April 21, 1857, aged nearly three years. 

Mr. Woodwell died in Worcester, after a brief illness, Jan. 30, 1871, and was 
buried in Newburyport. His death was the occasion of the manifestation of a wide 
spread grief. His professional brethren united in showing, in every possible way, 
their sense of his merits, and their sense of bereavement. It has not fallen to any 
other man of his profession, within my recollection, to have received so many marks 
of respect and appreciation. For some weeks the public press continued to give to 
the world tributes to his memory. * 


The New-England Historic, GIenealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, October 2d, 1872. A quarterly meeting was 
held this afternoon, at three o'clock, at the Society's House, No. 18 Somerset street, 
the president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

Samuel H. Wentworth, Esq.^ the recording secretary, read the record of the 
proceedings of the preceding (September) meeting, which was approved. 

John \Vard Dean, the librarian, reported that during the month of September, 
35 volunies, 1494 pamphlets, 1 continental bill, 5 views of old Boston framed 
and 4 maps had been presented to the society. The views of old Boston 
are the gift of D. Waldo Salisbury, Esq., and represent different views of 
Beacon hill and its excavations in 1811-12. They show great changes made in 
Boston in the vicinity of the State House. One of the volumes is a manuscript 
genealogy of the Mason family, by the late Dr. T. AY. Harris, beautifully copied by 
his son E. D. Harris, Esq., for the society. Of the pamphlets, 1145 have been 
presented by Alfred Mudge, Esq. 

The Kev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters of 
acceptance from six gentlemen who had been elected to membership. 

The board of directors nominated one candidate as a resident and one as a 
corresponding member. They were elected. 

Edward D. Boylston, Esq., of Amherst, N. H., read a paper on The Hillsboro^ 
County Congress of 1774 and 1775. Among those present as listeners to the reading 
were Gen. Israel Hunt, the Hon. Samuel T. Worcester, the Hon. Charles H. 
Campbell, the president of the New-Hampshire senate, and the Rev. Samuel Lee, 
citizens of New-Hampshire, besides the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, the Hon. Timothy 
Farrar, Samuel Batchelder, Esq., and others, natives of that state, but now citizens 
of Massachusetts. 

The Hillsboro' congress of 1774 and 1775 has been frequently mentioned by New- 
H impshire historians, but very vaguely, from the fact that all authentic records of 
its action were supposed to have been lost, so that historical writers were dependent 
on tradition or conjecture. Mr. Boylston, who has been engaged in writing a 
history of the town of Amherst, N. H., had placed at his disposal a box of old 
papers, formerly the property of Daniel Campbell, a member of the congress, but 
now of his grandson, the Hon. Charles H. Campbell. In this box the supposed 
irrecoverable records of the county congress were found, in the handwriting of 
Daniel Campbell. The reader of the essay quoted quite extensively from tiiese 
documents, which have never appeared in print, from the fact that they have 
remained where the first owner filed them away, undisturbed, with the dust of a 
century settled down upon them. It appears that the first congress was held 
November 8, 1774, the second April 5, 1775, and the third May 24, 1775. If there 
was a fourth session, as some conjecture, the records of it have not yet been brought 
to light. The first session seems to have been called by the spontaneous action of 
the people, who found the king's magistrates to be inimical to their rights. 
Deprived thus of all courts of law and other civil tribunals, they found themselves, 
as they expressed it, in a "state of nature." Desirous to preserve law and order 
in their communities, and desirous also to cooperate efficiently with the action of 

94 N, E, Historic, Genealogical Society, January, 

the continental confrress in Philadelphia, the several towns sent delegates to 
Amherst, where the first congress was held in the court-house on the date above 
named. Before adfourning they appointed a committee of three with power to call 
another session when tiie emergency required it. 

Subsequently a committee of" safety, numbering fifteen, was appointed, and. until 
the organization of the present state government, this body was practically the 
government. The Ilillsboro' congress, among other measures, adopted one for the 
thorough organization of the entire militia force, who were to meet once a week to 
drill. In this way they were prepared, after getting news of the battle of 
Lexington, to march instantly to the support of their brethren in arms. Many 
facts of historical interest were disclosed in the paper, for which a vote of thanks 
was passed by tlie society and a copy of the original documents asked for 

Thanks were also voted to Messrs. Mudge and Salisbury for their donations. 

Boston, November 6. A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, President 
Wilder in the chair. 

The recording secretary read the record of the proceedings at the October 
meeting, and it was approved. 

The librarian reported donations to the society during the month of October of 
42 printed volumes, 529 pamphlets, 1 map, 5 manuscripts, 19 broadsides and 
circulars, 1 engraving and 1 continental bill. Among these donations are the 
Sacramento Daily Union from 1857 to 1860, bound in 7 volumes, the gilt of Francis 
Bush, Jr., Esq.; 18 books and pamphlets relating to the history of Minnesota, 
some of them rare, from J. Fletcher Williams, Esq., of St. Paul; and more than 
300 pamphlets from Col. Albert H. Hoyt. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters of acceptance from three gentlemen 
elected to membership, namely, two resident and one corresponding. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., the historiographer, read bioii;rai)hieal sketches of 
two deceased members, namely, Martin B. Scott, Esq., of Cleveland, Ohio, and 
Oliver M. Whipple, Esq., of Lowell, Mass. 

The directors nominated four candidates for resident membership, who were 

John H. Sheppard, Esq., read a paper on The Progress of Civilization in the 
Nineteenth Century as compared with the two or three preceding Centuries. 

In comparing the progress of civilization of the nineteenth century with that of 
the two or three centuries which preceded, Mr. Sheppard gave a brief description of 
the state of society and suffering in the reigns of the Tudor and Stuart families, the 
excessive prerogative including more tlian twenty branches, the numerous capital 
offences (in 1790 amounting to 160), the misery of the poor, tlieir travels and 
manner of living, the scarcity of newspapers and of schools, bad roads, al)sence of 
police in the great cities and many other deprivations, for there was then no middle 
class. In reviewing the nineteenth century and the great changes for the better 
within a hundred years, he spoke of the great inventions, — the steamship, the 
telegraph, the Atlantic cable, luciler matches, the lighting of our houses and streets 
by gas, and improvements in agriculture, horticulture and pomology, in which he 
paid a high com])liment to the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. He referred to the great 
increase in the duration of human life, so clearly demonstrated by Edward Jarvis, 
M.D., and to many valuable inventions in printing and plu)tA)graphy, and to the 
telescope, etc. Among these he mentioned ana3sthetics, and gave full credit to Dr. 
Morton as the first who introduced it to the Avorld and became a benefactor of 
mankind. He said : " H" an angel had come down, like him who stirred up the 
pool of IJethstiida, and had made this gift to the human race, what hosannas would 
nave followed him to heaven ! But Dr. Morton met with little reward, and died a 
poor man." He referred to tlie savings banks and to the numerous reliirious and 
oenevolent societies of the day, all incorporated, and observed, " Coi^ioration is the 
fulcrum on which invention now moves the world." He ei)ncluded with a rcfi-rence, 
among other things, to the arbitration between the United States and Creat Britain 
in Geneva, pronouncing their award as the harbinger of peace, the joy of 
Christianity, and the lK)pe of all coming time. 

The thanks of the society were voted to Mr. Sheppard for his interesting and 
instructive paper. 

Joseph Warren Tucker, Esq., of Boston, clerk of the First Churcli in Jvoxbury, 
presente<l for safe-keeping, in the society's fire-prot)f apartment, the earliest records 
of that church, which he did with the consent and ui)pruval of the pastor, the Kev. 

1873.] N. E. Historic f Genealogical Society, 95 

George Putnam, D.D. Mr. Tucker prefaced his presentation with some remarks 
upon the peculiarities and value of the records, which contain many particulars not 
usuall}^ found in church records, showing often the families of church members and 
Bometimcs the place in England from which they emigrated. The Rev. Lucius R. 
Paige, D.D., and others, made remarks confirming the value of the records. 

On motion of Judge Warren, it was voted that the society gratefully receives the 
custody of the precious volume, and will deposit it in its safe for preservation and 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., presented, in behalf of Mrs. Charles W. Homer, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y., a piece of the house in which Major Andre was confined before 
his execution. 

The lil)rarian presented from G. Symonds, Esq., town-clerk of Dorchester in 
Dorset, England, impressions from the whole series of municipal seals of that town, 
taken for tliis society at the suggestion of J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., during his 
recent visit to that place ; and from Thomas C. Smith, Esq., of Boston, the ledger 
and day-book showing the subscribers and the cost of the frigate Boston, built 
originally by subscription, and transferred to the United States. 

Thanks were voted to jMessrs. Symonds, Smith, Bush, Williams and Hoyt, and to 
Mrs, Homer, for their valuable donations. 

It Avas voted that the corresponding secretary transmit the votes of thanks to 
persons residing out of the United States, and the recording secretary to those in 
this country. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Clarke, the committee appointed last j'ear to nominate 
ofi&cers, namely, Frederic Kidder, the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., William B. Trask, 
Jeremiah Colburn, Col. A. H. Hoyt and William B. Towne, were chosen the 
nominating committee for this year. 

It was voted that this committee be empowered to fill vacancies and to add to 
their number for the purpose of having the different sections of New-England 
represented on it. 

Mr. Kidder, in behalf of the Register Club, presented the following list of names 
which the club recommended to the society for the committee on publication for the 
ensuing year, viz.: — Col, Albert Harrison Hoyt, John Ward Dean, William 
Blanchard Towne, Charles Wesley Tuttle and Capt. George Henry Preble; and 
they were unanimously elected as such. 

Boston, December 4. A monthly meeting was held this day at the Society's 
House, at three o'clock, P.M., President Wilder in the chair. 
Tiie president after calling the meeting to order spake as follows : 
Gentlemen, we shall be deemed guilty of delinquency, did we not record, in the 
proceedings of the day, some notice of that calamitous event which has visited our 
city since our last meeting, an event which will ever be remembered, not only in 
New-England but in the country and in the world. On the night of the ninth and 
the morning of the tenth of last month, a fire, — a tornado of fire, struck at the 
very heart of our city, where its wealth was the largest, where its strength and 
beauty were the greatest, where its granite and marble and iron warehouses seemed 
best ably to defy it. But after the short space of fifteen hours, sixty acres of 
buildings and $70,000,000 in property were swept by that tidal wave of fire into the 
whirlpool of destruction. While we sympathize most deeply with those who have 
suffered in this disaster, many of whom are our own members who have contributed 
to the erection of this building, and while some valuable collections of books and 
art-treasure have been lost, let us render thanks to the Giver of all Good that he 
has preserved all the public libraries of the city and their buildings, and has 
permitted us once more to assemble in safety under our own roof. In acknowledg- 
ment of these mercies, I will call upon the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., to address 
the Throne of Grace. Prayer was then offered bj'^ the Rev. Dr. Paige. 

The recording secretary then read the record of the proceedings of the previous 
meeting, which was approved. 

The librarian's report showed that in November there had been received 57 
printed volumes, 765 pamphlets, 3 manuscript volumes, 12 manuscripts, 9 broadsides 
and 2 curiosities, all of historical value and interest. 

Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., assistant historiographer, read a biographical sketch, 
prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox,'D.D., of the late Hon. Stephen T. 
Farwell, a resident member. 

The board of directors nominated the Hon. Caleb Gushing, LL.D., and the Hon. 
Nathan Clifford, LL.D. , for honorary membership, and they were unanimously elected. 

96 N. E. Historic f Genealogical Society, [January, 

The president read the following letter from Samuel Batchelder, Esq., of 
Cambridi^e, accompanying a donation to the society of the following valuable books 
and documents : 

Cambridcje, November 29, 1872. 
Dear Sir, 

1 send for the Historic, Genealogical Society, Thirty-two volumes of bound 
Newspapers, comprising — 

The Kepertory from 1813 to 1827, 14 

Chronicle and Patriot from 1832 to 1838, 7 

Christian Register, • 3 

Farmer's Cabinet, 2 

National Intelligencer from 1811 to 1816, including the whole period 
of the war of 1812, when the city of Washington was taken by 
the British, and their printing office burnt, 6 

The boxes also contain a miscellaneous collection of pamphlets, some of which 
may be worth preserving ; among them you will find many earl}" reports and Jour- 
nals of Congress, and reports to the British Parliament on various subjects. 
The collection of New-Hamp.'hire Laws and Documents consists of — 
First. — One volume folio, printed in 1771, containing the Laws of the Province 
of New-Hampshire up to that time. 

Second. — One volume folio, beginning with the proceedings of a Congress held at 
Exeter, January 5, 1776, to establish a form of government according to the resolve 
of the Continental Congress, passed November 3d, 1775. The Congress at Exeter 
established a form of government consisting of a House of Representatives and 
Council, by whose authorit}^ the Laws were enacted until the 17th of April, 1784 ; 
after which time the Constitution of 1784 went into operation, establishing a gov- 
ernment consisting of a Governor, Senate and House of Representatives as at pre- 
sent, who held their first meeting, and organized the government under the Consti- 
tution of 1784, at Concord, June 3d, 1784. The Journals of the Senate and House 
of Representatives to March, 1786, and the Laws passed up to that time, are contained 
in this volume. 

Thirdly. — From June, 1786, to 1801, the Journals of the Senate and House of 
Representatives were printed in duodecimo, and are contained in 14 volumes. 

Fourthly. — After that time the Journals of both Houses were printed in octavo — 
a set of these Journals nearly complete as far as 1820, some of them unbound, are 
also included. 

Fifthly. — There is also a set of various editions of the Laws printed in 1789, 
1792, 1805 and 1815. The last was printed under the care of Judge Smith. In the 
publication of these several editions, it was customary to omit such acts as had been 
repealed or were not in force at the time cf the publication of the several volumes. 
I have therefore 

Sixthly, collected in three volumes, with much care, the laws passed at each ses- 
sion, and printed at the close of the session from 1792 to 1821, which comprised the 
whole legislative history of New-Hampshire for that period. One volume contains 
the acts from 1792 to 1805. One volume those from 1805 to 1814. One volume 
those from 1815 to 1821. 

Very sincerely yours, 
The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Sam'l Batchelder. 

President of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The thanks of the society were voted to Mr. Batchelder for his large and very 
valuable donation, and it was also voted that his letter be entered at length upon. 
the records. 

C. ^\ . Tattle, Esq., called attention to a curiosity which had been brought 
into the hall lor exhiljition, it being a huge rusty iron bar, long enough to extend 
across a wide door, and having a lock and chain attached. It liad Ix^en sent in bv 
Mr. J. B. Stearns, of Boston, who had procured it fi"om the site of the old Frencl; 
fortress of Louisbourg, Cape Breton. In the absence of Mr. Stearns, Mr. Tattle madr 
a statement of the circumstances under wiiich it was found, and said tiiat from tlii 
known geography (jf the ])iac(> the relic was undoubtedly tlie inner lastening of what 
was known as tlic " (Queen's (Jato " of that fortress. This fortre^^s was a work of 
great strength, built by the French to secure tiie entrance to the (Julf of St. Lau 
pence. Work was begun on it in 1720, and continued till 1745, during whici 
time the outlay amounted to X 1,200,000, and it was still incomplete. A considera- 

1873.] Societies and their Proceedings, 97 

ble share of the material was purchased by the French in New-England, and it is 
quite possible that this bar may have been the work of a Boston blacksmith. In 
1745, during the war between England and France, the fortress was captured by 
an expedition sent out from New-England. By the treaty of peace, it was, however, 
restored to the French, who held it till 1758, when it was again captured by the 
English. In 1700 great anxiety was felt by the administration of William Pitt, 
lest it might again fall into the hands of the French, and, through his influence, 
orders were given for its destruction. This work was entrusted to Admiral Byron, 
the grandfather of Lord Byron, who accomplished it after several months' labor, the 
last blast being fired October 17, 1760. The lock attached to the bar has the bolt 
in position, showing that the gate was blown up as it stood, with the lock unturned. 

The thanks of the society were voted to Mr. Stearns for the exhibition, and to Mr. 
Tuttle for his interesting remarks. 

Stephen M. Allen, Esq., then read a paper on Clayborne's Rebellion in Mary- 
land. It was based upon the manuscript notes of the late Sebastian F. Streeter, 
Esq., of Baltimore, secretary of the Maryland Historical Society, well known as 
one of the most thorough and careful investigators of American history. This 
rebellion dates from the year 1G35, and was mainly a struggle between Clayborne 
and his party, who had certain grants from the king, and Lord Baltimore, who held 
the Maryland charter, for the possession of the island of Kent in Chesapeake bay. 
The fortunes ot the two contending parties often fluctuated. In one instance Clay- 
borne's party was captured, and, though he escaped to Virginia, his lieutenant, 
Thomas Smith, was held and executed. In 1611, Calvert, who was Lord Baltimore's 
vice-governor, was captured by Clayborne and his party, and expelled from the ter- 
ritory. Calvert made it too hot for him finally, and Clayborne retired to a place 
within the limits of Virginia which he called New Kent. Clayborne was afterwards 
secretary of , the colony of Virginia, and appears to have been held in high esteem 
there. The real jurisdiction of some of the territory thus disputed more than two 
hundred years ago is not yet settled, and commissioners of Virginia and Maryland 
are now engaged in settling the boundary line. 

At the close of the paper Mr. Allen presented to the society, in behalf of Mrs. 
Streeter, the manuscript of her husband relative to Clayborne's Rebellion, from 
which Mr. Allen had compiled his paper. Thanks were voted to Mr. Allen for his 
instructive paper, and to Mrs. Streeter for her very valuable donation. 

Maine Historical Society. 

The annual meeting of the society was held at their rooms in Brunswick, July II, 

The following gentlemen were elected officers of the society for the ensuing year : 

President — The Hon. Edward E. Bourne, LL.D. 

Vice-President — The Hon. James W. Bradbury, LL.D. 

Recording Secretary — A. S. Packard, D.D. 

Corresponding Secretary — The Rev. S. F. Dike, D.D. 

Standing Committee — Leonard Woods, D.D. , LL.D., A. D. Wheeler, D.D. , the 
Hon. Wm. G. Barrows, the Hon. C. J. Gilman, Pres. J. L. Chamberlain. 

Publishing Committee — Dr. Leonard Woods, Dr. A. D. Wheeler, Dr. A. S. 
Packard, Prof. J. B. Sewall and Gen. John M. Brown. 

Treasurer — The Hon. Marshall Cram. 

Auditors — TheHons. Wm. G. Barrows and B. C. Bailey. 

The following gentlemen from different parts of the state were chosen to supply 
Tacancies : 

The Hon. Charles Danforth, of Gardiner, one of the justices of the Supreme- 
Judicial Court ; Albert G. Tenney, Brunswick ; Philip H. Brown, Portland; the 
Rev. Daniel Austin, Kittery ; William H. Clifford, Portland ; the Hon. Lewis Bar- 
ker, Bangor; the Hon. Noah Woods, Bangor ; Frank L. Dingley, Auburn ; Owen 
St.C. O'Brien; Ghas. W. Roberts, Bangor; Samuel F. Humphrey, Bangor; Wil- 
liam B. Lapham, M.D., Augusta; the Hon. Sydney Perham, Gov. of the state, 
Paris ; the Rev. Charles W. Hayes, Portland. The Rev. President Frank Sewall, 
and Prof. Thomas B. Moses, Urbana, Ohio ; Edward P. Weston, Lake Forest, 111. ; 
Jairus W. Terry, Salem, Wis., and John C. Dodge, Cambridge, Mass., were chosen 
corresponding members. 

After the disposal of business matters, the society adjourned to the chemical lec- 
ture room, Adams's Hall, Bowdoin College, for the literary exercises appropriate to- 
the semi-centennial of the society, where the society assembled with their friends, 
the President, Judge Edward E. Bourne, LL.D., in the chair, who made some 

Vol. XXVII. 9 

98 Societies and their Proceedino-s, [January, 

remarks on the work of the society in rescuing from oblivion ancient records and 
papers, illustrating his position by facts which had recently fallen under his own 
observation while investigating tiie records of York county. 

A paper was read by the Recording Secretary, Prof. A. S. Packard, on the history 
of the society and its work, with an extended notice of the late Hon. William Willis, 
LL.U., a former president of the society. 

Owen St.C. O'Brien, the secretary of the Pemaquid Association, haying commu- 
nicated the wish of that association that the society would formally express its 
approval of the design to erect a monument on the spot which may be regarded as 
the " beginnings" of New-England, on motion of R. K. Sewall, a resolution was 
adopted cordiafiv expressing such approval. The mover sustained the resolution by 
a series of facts relating to the earliest history of that part of our coast, and affording 
evidence of the occupancy of Monhegan and Pemaquid at the opening of the 1 / th 

century. . . _ t. i j r 

The president added a quotation from "The early history of New-England, by 
Increase Mather, written in 167G " : — '' a relation of the first troubles in N. E. by 
reason of the Tndians," the first paragraph tending to establish the same point. 
Dr. Leonard Woods followed with remarks on evidence of a very early settlement at 

Pemaquid. •■ c i • j.- 

Gen. John M. Brown offered remarks on the future work of the society, particu- 
larly in rescuing and preserving facts of local history, as had been done in regard to 
Pemaquid, and then of correcting erroneous impressions made by the earlier histo- 
ries of New-England. The Hon. J. W. Bradbury, LL.D., followed on the same 
general subject. 

The New-Hampshire Historical Society. 

The fiftieth annual meeting of the N. H. Historical Society was held in Concord, 
N. H., June 12, 1872. P. B. Cogswell was elected secretary pro tern. 

In the absence of the Rev. Dr. Bouton, the report of the corresponding secretary 
was read by Joseph B. Walker, and accepted. -, t^ xrr r> 

On motion of John A. Harris, a vote of thanks was passed to Dr. Wm. Prescott 
for the donation of valuable papers made by him to the society ; also to John J. and 
Samuel N. Bell, for valuable papers of the late Judge Bell, presented by them to 
the society. 

The report of the treasurer was read and accepted. , ., v 

J. B. Walker, from the committee on remodelling of the society's building, mad. 
a verbal report concerning the improvements now in progress, which was accepted 

Remarks in reference to the proper care of libraries were made by >\ illiam B 
Towne, who offered to be one of any number of gentlemen to give $100 each tor a 
fund, the income of which should be expended for the support of a librarian. 

John J. Bell, from the publishing committee, made a verbal report, recommend 
in.f that the proceedings of the society should be printed and circulated among the 
members by the pul)lishing committee, which recommendation was adopted on 
motion of John M. Shirley. , .i x) Ji -kt 

Dr. Bouton was excused from serving on the committee on the Bradley Monu 
ment, and the Hon. Moses Humphrey was elected to fill the vacancy. ^ 

Remarks in reference to certain minerals and geolo<ncal specimens, belonging to 
the society, were made by Messrs. J. B. Walker and John A. Harris, and the sub 
iect of disposing of them was referred to the committee on reports, etc. _ 

Mr. Towne, from the committee on nominations, reported the tollowiug list o 
officers, and they were elected : 

Prcsulmt—Thii lion, Charles H. Bell. ,, o, • , 

Vice-Presidents— The Hon. ^Villiam L. Foster, John M. Shirley, Esq. 

Corresponding Secretary— i:he Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, D.D. 

Recording Secretary — P. B. Cogswell. ^ r^ -n 

PuUishinrj Committee— \S\\\v.\m L. Foster, John J. Bell, Samuel C. Eastman. 

Standing Coinmittvc—;ioi^(i\)\\ B. Walker, Ebenezer S. Towle, Enoch Gerrish. 

Anditing Committee— AheX Hutchins, John A. Harris. ^ ,, . 

Mr. Pike, from the committee on new members, reported the following, who weri 

elected * 

Honorary ^fr//iA^r.<f— Jos.«ph L. Chester, London, England ; Charles B. Goodrich 
Increase N. Tarb.fX, Marshall P. Wilder, Luther L. lloldeii, Boston, Mass. ; Georg. 
A. Marden, Lowell, Mass. ; Samuel F. Humphrey, Bangor, Me. , 

Active Mnnturs—W. W. liailey, Viri^il C. Gilnian, Samuel 1 . A^ oroester , Orri 
C. Moore, Cornelius V. Dearborn, Edward Spalding, Frank A. Mckean, Nashua 

1873.] Societies and their Proceedings, 99 

David Cross, Joseph W. Fellows, Lewis W. Clark, Clinton W. Stanley, Manchester ; 
James W. Emery, Albert R, Hatch, Portsmouth ; Joshua G. Ball, George T. Day, 
Dover; Albert Smith, Peterborough ; II. S. Cummings, Exeter; George Olcott, 
Charleetown ; George II. Marsten, William G. Carter, Charles F. Stewart, Jacob 
H. Gallinger, John 11. Albin, Francis A. Fiske, Edward Dow, Concord ; George 
F. Beede, Fremont; the Rev, Josiah G. Davis, Amherst ; Clinton S. Averill, Bain- 
bridge NVadleigh, Milford ; I. K. Gage, Fisherville ; Charles S. Faulkner, Keene ; 
Josiah C. Eastman, llampstead. 

At the evening session the Rev. Dr. Cummings, the Hon. W. L. Foster, the Hon. 
Sylvester Dana, were appointed to prepare memorial notices of President JS'athan 
Lord, of Hanover, Prof. Dyer H. Sanborn, of Hopkinton, and Prof. John S. Wood- 
man, of Hanover. 

The society repaired to the Representatives' Ilall, about 8 o'clock, P. M., where 
the Rev. Dr. I. N. Tarbox, of Boston, delivered a very interesting and instructive ad- 
dress upon the Early History of Dartmouth College. A fine oil painting of the 
Rev. Samson Occom, the first Indian minister who visited England, was exhibited ; 
also a sermon preached by him, and a Greek Testament which formerly belonged to 
him, both now owned in Concord. 

Note. — By a letter from the Rev. Dr. Bouton, we learn that this society has, 
during the past season, refitted the building recently purchased for their use, arrang- 
ing the two upper stories with alcoves for the library and making it fire proof. By 
tiie liberal contribution of members and friends, the entire cost has been paid. — 

Vermont Historical Society. 

The Annual Meeting of the Vermont Historical Society was holden in the general 
sommittee room at the State House, in Montpciier, on Tuesday afternoon, October 
8, 1872, and was called to order by the Rev. William H. Lord, D.D., president. 

Col. Herman D. Hopkins presented the annual report of the treasurer, which was 

The Hon. Charles Reed presented the annual report of the librarian, which was 

On motion, the following named gentlemen were elected members of the society: 

Gilbert A. Davis, Reading; Col. Wheelock G. V^en/ey, Rutland ; Col. Kittredgo 
Raskins, Brattleboro' ; Z. V. K. Willson, Esq., Rutiaud ; E. J. Ormsbee, Esq., 
Brandon; Hon. Barnes Frisbie, Poultney ; A. M. Caverly, M.D., Pittsford; Orel 
Cook, M.D., Mendon ; the Hon. Hoj^t H. Wheeler, Jamaica; Hiram A. Huse, Ran- 
dolph ; Henry Bean, Northfield; William A. Colwell, Georgia; David L. Field, 
Milton; the Rev. J. Copeland, Waterbury ; the Hon. George Ballard, Fairfax ; 
Henry A. Harmon, Bennington; L. Howard Kellogg, Benson; the Rev. Alfred 
Stevens*, Westminster. 

On motion of the Hon. Hiland Hall, the president appointed a committee to nomi- 
nate officers for the ensuing year, as follows: Hiland Hall, Henry Clark, Charles 
Dewey, who reported tlie following list of candidates, who were duly elected : 

President — William H. Lord, D.D., Montpelier. 

Vice-Presidents — The Hon. James Barrett, Woodstock ; the Hon. Hoyt H. 
Wheeler, Jamaica; Luther L. Dutcher, Esq., St. Albans. 

Recording Secretary — Hiram A. Huse, Montpelier. 

Corresponding Secretaries — The Hon. George G. Benedict, Burlington ; Orville S. 
Bliss, Georgia. 

Treasurer — Col. Herman D. Hopkins. Montpelier. 

Librarian — The Hon. Charles Reed, Montpelier. 

Board of Curators — Henry Clark, Rutland ; the Hon. John R. Cleveland, Brook- 
field ; the Hon. Russell S. Taft, Burlington ; the Hon. Franklin Fairbanks, St. Johns- 
bury ; the Hon. E. P. Walton, Montpelier; M. C. Edmunds, M.D., Weston ; Col. 
Kittredge Haskins, Brattleboro'. 

The president announced the appointment of the following standing committees : 

Printing and Publishing Committee — Hiland Hall, Bennington; E. P. Walton, 
Montpelier ; Charles Reed, Montpelier. 

On Library and Cabinet — P. D. Bradford, Northfield ; Charles S. Smith, Mont- 
pelier; Russell S. Taft, Burlington. 

On Finance — Charles Dewey, Montpelier ; Charles Reed, Montpelier ; Franklin 
Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury. 

Miss Abby M. Hemenway, of Burlin_^ton, in a pleasant letter, presented to the so- 
ciety an autograph letter of George Vv ashington to James Madison, dated nearly 

100 Societies and their Proceedings. [Januarv, 

one hundred years ago, and covering four pages of letter-paper ; also, two bound 
volumes of her Vermont Gazetteer- Miss liemenway was elected an honorary 
member of the society. 

On motion of Hon. Hiland Hall, it was voted that the Rev. William II. Lord. 
D.D., president of the society, be invited to prepare a paper on the " Haldimand 
papers," to be read at the next meeting of the societyi 

On motion of the Hon. £. P. Walton, it was voted that Henry Swan Dana, of 
Woodstock, bo invited to prepare a paper on the origin of the names of the counties 
and towns in Vermont. 

On motion of Henry Clark, it was voted that the Hon. James Barrett, of Wood- 
stock, be invited to prepare a paper on the Life and Services of the late Hon. Loyal 
C Kellogg, of Benson. 

On motion of Henry Clark, it was voted that the next annual meeting be held in 
Rutland, on the second Tuesday in October, 1873 (provided that no session of the 
legislature is convened). 

On motion ot the Hon. Julius Converse, the society adjourned to meet in the Repre- 
eentatives' Hall, at 2 o'clock, P.M., to listen to the annual address by the Hon. Lu- 
cius E. Chittenden, of New- York. 

Evening. — The society met in the hall of the house of representatives, where 
also assembled a large audience of ladies and gentlemen. 

After prayer by the Rev. Alfred Stevens, of Westminster, the Rev. William H. 
Lord, D.D., president of the society, in a happ3^ and pertinent manner introduced 
the Hon. Lucius E. Chittenden, of New- York, who proceeded to answer the question, 
' ' who took Ticonderoga ? ' ' 

It was a most interesting and thoroughly prepared review or resume of the opera- 
tions and events which culminated in the capture of Ticonderoga by Ethan Allen : 
without doubt, in the main, the mo^t accurate presentation of the history of its cap- 
ture that has ever been made, as Mr. Cliittendcn had omitted no research for facta 
bearing upon the subject. It had the close and gratified attention of the audience 
lor nearly two hours. 

At the conclusion of the address, Henry Clark offered the following resolution, 
^hich was adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Vermont Historical Society are eminently due to 
the Hon. L. E. Chittenden for the repeated pleasure he has afforded them in listen- 
ing to his able and eloquent defence of Vermont's great hero, Ethan Allen. 

The American Antiquarian Society. 

The annual meeting (the sixtieth) of this society was held at their hall, in the 
city of Worcester, Mass., on Monday, the 21st of October, 1872, at 11 o'clock, the 
Hon. Stephen Salisbur^'^ the president in the chair. 

The report of the council embodied a history of the doings of the society during 
the preceding half year, in which was given a most satisfactory exhibit of the sub- 
stantial prosperity and usefulness of the society, as evinced in its financial condition, 
the rapid increase of its library and other collections, and the constant use made 
of its books by authors of volumes and other public writers. Among their own 
members, several have given valuable productions to the public, of which the 
'""History of the Rise of the Repuhhc of the united States,''^ by the Hon. Richard Froth- 
ingham, is .specially to be commended. The society has caused to be put in t3'pe 
about one half of the new and enlarged edition of " The History of Printing " by 
Isaiah Thomas, the founder of the society. That will be one of the most important 
works ever printed in this country. 

The report of the treasurer, iNIr. Nathaniel Paine, showed the state of the several 
funds of the society to be as follows : 

Librarian's and Gen. Fund, $28,958 99 Isaac Davis Fund, $679 12 

Collection and Research Fund, 14,157 08 Lincoln Legacy Fund, 1,152 20 

Bookbinding Fund, 10,107 84 

Publishing Fund, 10,123 77 Total, $75,845 23 
Salibl)ury Building Fund, 10,(H)6 23 

The librarian, Mr. Sannu4 F. Haven, reported thnt during the last six months the 
library had received by gift, 317 books, 2,911 pamphlets, 4 volumes of newspapers, 
and HI unbound newspapers, besi(l(>.s a small addition by ])urchnse and exchange. 

The Hon. Stephen kSalisbury, of Worcester (who pret^entcd an interesting paper 
upon " The Star-Spangled Banner and National Airs '"), was re-elected president of 
the society, with the following named oflicers as assistants : 

1873.] Societies and their Proceedings, 101 

Vice Presidents— The Hon. Benj. F. Thomas, LL.D., of Boston, and Mr. James 
Lenox, ol' New-York. 

Council — The Hon. Isaac Davis, LL.D., Worcester; the Hon. N. B. Shurtleff, 
M.D., Boston ; Mr. Samuel F. Haven, Worcester ; the Rev. Edw. £. Hale, Boston ; 
Joseph Sargent, M.D., Worcester ; Charles Deane, LL.D., Cambridge; the Rev. 
Seth Sweetser, D.D., Worcester; the Hon. Richard Frothingham, LL.D., Charles- 
town; the Hon. Henry Chapin, Worcester; the Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, 
LL.D., Hartford^. 

Secretary of Foreign Correspondence — The Hon. Chas. Sumner, LL.D., Boston, 

Secretary of Domestic Correspondence — The Hon. Emory Washburn, LL.D., 

Uecording Secretary — Col. John D. AVashburn, Worcester. 

Treasurer — Mr. Nathaniel Paine. 

Committee of Publication — Mr. Samuel F. Haven, Worcester ; the Rev. Edward 
E. Hale, Boston ; Charles Deane, LL.D., Cambridge. 

Auditors — The Hon. Isaac Davis, LL.D., Worcester; the Hon. Ebenezer Torry, 

The i^resident called attention to the fact that the inscription on the tomb of John 
Smith, in St. Sepulchre's Church, London, was becoming obliterated, and it was 
proposed that a mural tablet, witli the old inscrijition, should be placed in that 
church, at the expense of the members of the society. The matter was referred to 
the Hon. Geo. F. Hoar and Mr. S. F. Haven, with power to act. 

After the reading of Mr. Salisbury's interesting paper and the presentation of 
some curious communications, autographs, &c., by members of the society, and 
remarks thereon, the society adjourned. 

New-Haven Colony Historical Society. 

The public meetings of this society are four in number, and are held for the year 
1872-3, on the second Monday of December. January, February and March. 

At the annual meeting held at the society's rooms on Monday evening Nov. 25, 
1872, the following gentlemen were elected officers for the ensuing year : 

President — Henry White. 

Vice-President — The Rev. E. E. Beardsley. 

Treasurer — Nathan Peck. 

Secretary — Franklin B. Dexter. 

And an advisory committee of eight directors. 

The New- London County (Conn.) Historical Society. 

The annual meeting of the society was held in New-London, Monday, Nov. 25th. 
The reports of the secretary and treasurer were read, which showed the society to 
be in an excellent condition financially. Quite a number of donations had been 
received during the year from ditierent individuals. The following officers were 
elected : 

President — La Fayette S. Foster. 

Vice-Presidents — Charles J. McCurdy, x^shbel Woodward, Francis B. Loomis. 
^ Advisory Committee — Thomas P. Field, Hiram P. Arms, Henry P. Haven, Wil- 
liam H. Potter, John T. Wait, George W. Goddard, Henry J. Gallup, J. George 
Harris, Richard A. Wheeler, Thomas Shipman, James Griswold, John W. Stedman, 
Daniel Lee, Hiram Willey, Leydard Bill, George Pratt, Ralph Wheeler. 

Secretary — John P. C. Mather. 

Treasurer — William H. Rowe. 

Geo. Pratt then delivered the annual address, on " The Privateers of the Revolu- 
tion," which was listened to with great interest by those present. He commenced 
by alluding to the first naval conflict of the Revolution, and to the seizure of the 
brig Nancy, in July, 1775, by Capt. Robert Niles, of Norwich. Capt. Niles was 
placed in command of the first commissioned armed vessel, the Spy, of Norwich; 
though the first armed vessel taken by Connecticut, if not the first taken in the w^ar, 
was the 20 gun vessel taken on the lake by the Ticonderoga expedition , to the com- 
mand of which, with the rest of the fleet on the lake, Jeremiah Halsey, of Preston, 
grandfather of Jeremiah Halsey, of Norwich, was appointed. 

_Mr. Pratt then detailed the connection of Thomas Mumford of Groton with the 
Ticonderoga expedition, and with the fitting out of privateers from New-London, 
using extracts and illustrations from the papers of Mr. Mumford in his possession. 

Vol. XXVII. 9* 

102 Boole-Notices, [January, 

The efforts of Silas Deane and others before the first continental conf^ress to get the 
naval station fixed at New-London were alluded to, and it was shown that the first 
armed vessels of congress were tliere equipped. The correspondence of Mr. iMumford 
•with the West Indies, his directions to his captains, the prize lists and shipping papers 
of the privateers were read to illustrate the manner and extent of the business, and 
with a general summary of the deeds of the county in the Revolution the address 

The thanks of the society were voted to Mr. Pratt for his address, and a copy of 
it was requested for publication. 

The seal adopted by the society, the device of which was reported by Ledyard 
Bill, has a representation of the Thames river from the western bank, a wharf and 
schooner in the foreground, Groton monument rising on the opposite bank, and a 
canoe with two Indians crossing the stream. 

New-England Society of New-York. 

The New-England Society held an annual meeting on the evening of Dec. 13, 
1872. The annual report was submitted by President Cowdin. It strongly recom- 
mends the project of an erection of a permanent building commensurate with the 
importance of such an institution. The report of the finance committee shows that 
the assets were $37,800, while the records of the year show larger receipts, larger 
inembership and a larger permanent fund than ever before. The charity committee 
report that they have visited 313 persons at a cost of $266.72. 

The following-named officers were elected for the ensuing year : 

President — Eliot 0. Cowdin. 

First Vice-President — Isaac H. Bailey. 

Second Vice-President — Col. William Borden. 

Directors — Dorman B. Eaton, William H. Lee, William H. Fogg, Levi P. Mor- 
ton, Daniel F. Appleton, Parker Handy, James C. Porter, George Walker, Joeiah 
M. Fiske, Charles G. Landon, Charles L. Tifl'any, Richard Butler, Stewart L. 
Woodford, Dr. E. W. Lambert, George F, Baker, Alfred S. Hatch. 

Treasurer — Luther B. Wyman. 

Secretary — L. P. Hubbard. 

A committee was appointed to report resolutions expressive of the loss of the 
society in the death of Horace Greeley. 


WilmingioTi, North Carolina, Past, Present and Future. History of Us 
Harbor, \citJi Detailed Keports of the irori' for Improving and Restoring 
the same, now being conducted by the United States Govern inent, Jiesonrces 
and Advantages as an Entrepot for the Western Cities, Harbor if Refuge 
and Coaling Depot for Navy and Merchant Marine. Published by order 
of the Chamber of Commerce. Wilmington, N. C. : J. A. Engelhard, 
Printer. 1872. 8vo. pp. 84. 

Annual Reports of the Municipal Officers of the City of Wilmington. N. C, 

for the Fisccd Year beginning January lOtb, 1871, and e^nlincf January 

dth, 1872. \Vilmingtan, N. C. : S. G. Hall, Printer. 1872. 8vo. pp. 45. 

The first of these pamphlets contains many valuable documents upon the sub- 
jects indicated in the title. The ])rincipal report in the second pamphlet is that of the 
lion. Silas N. Martin, mayorof Wilmington, 1871-2. It sliows with <!;roat oleurnesa 
the financial, industrial and Baiiitiiry condition of the metropolis of ^^torth Carolina, 
a state whose prospects are most cheering, and which is destined to make great 
advances in material jirot^perity in the next cpiartor of a century. The first pam- 
phlet is anonymous, Init we presume that INlr. Martin, to whom we are indebted 
for copies of both pamphlets, is tlie compiler. j. w. d. 

1873.] Book-Notices, 103 

TJie Bristol County Directory and History for 1872 : containing a Classi- 
jied List of Professions, Trades and Mercantile Pursuits, arranged 
Alphabetically for each City and Toivn ; also containing Historical and 
Descriptive Sketches, with a Register of Societies, Town Officers, etc., and 
a Fidl List of the Manufacturing Companies and Corporations in the 
County of Bristol, Massachusetts. Compiled, Printed and Published by 
Dean Dudley, No. 8 Congress Square. Boston: 1872. 8vo. pp. 240, 88. 
Brief Sketches of Freetown, Fall River and Fair haven. By Ebenezer 
Weaver Peirce. Boston : Printed for the Author, by Dean Dudley. 
1872. 8vo. pp. 26. 

The present issue of the Bristol County Directory contains, besides a business direc- 
tory, a greater amount of historical matter relative to that county than any other 
publication that we can call to mind, much of which has never before appeared in 
print. There are historical sketches of each of the nineteen cities and towns, some 
of which are quite lengthy. Eight of these sketches have been contributed by 
Gen. Peirce, of Freetown, namely, the three reprinted in the pamphlet whose title 
is given above, and those of Acushnet, Dighton, Somerset, Swansea and Westport, 
The sketches of the other towns, namely, Attleborough, IJerkley, Dartmouth, Easton, 
Mansfield, New-Bedford, Norton, Kaynham, Rehoboth, Seekonk and Taunton, have 
been furnished by the Kev. Enoch Sanlord, the Hon. John Daggett, tlie Kev. Mor- 
timer Blake, D.])., and Jonathan Challin, Esq., or compiled from authentic sources 
by the editor. Mr. Dudley announces that the book will be reproduced with great 
improvements and entirely new matter in two or three years. He deserves great 

E raise for the pains he has taken to preserve the local history of the places of which 
e publishes directories. 

A small edition of the pamphlet by Gen. Peirce has been reprinted, for private 
distribution, with the type set for the directory. j. w. n. 

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale College deceased during the Acade- 
mical Year ending in July, 1872, including the Record of a few who died 
a short time previous, hitherto unreported (^presented at the Meeting of the 
Alumni July 10th, 1872). Mo. 2 of the Second Printed Series arid Ho. 31 
of the ivhole Record. [New-Haven, Conn. : 1872.] 8vo. pp. 30. 

The first number of the Record, printed in 1860, was noticed at the time of its 
appearance (Register, vol. xiv. 375). Since then one volume of 389 pages (1860-70) 
has been completed, and two numbers of a second issued. We believe this College was 
the first to prepare annual obituaries of deceased graduates, and the first also to 
issue them in pamphlet form. The biographical sketches must have cost a great 
deal of labor, as most of them are very complete as to facts and dates. J. w. d. 

A Desire for Heaven. A Sermon preached on Sunday, September 3, 1871. 
By C. D. Bradlee, Pastor of the " Church of the Redeemer," Boston. 
Printed, not Published. Boston : Press of John Wilson and Son. 1871. 
12mo. pp. 16. 

Fareivell: A Sermon Preached on Sunday, April 2\st, 1872. By C. D. 
Bradlee, Pastor of the " Church of the Redeemer." Boston. A 
Slight Sketch of the " Church of the Redeemer." Printed, not Published. 
Boston : Press of John Wilson and Son. 12mo. pp. 13. 
Christ All in All: A Sermon preached at the '•^Church of the Good Sama- 
ritan," September 1st, 1872 (First Sermon at the Beginning of a Te?npo- 
rary Pastorship of said Church). By C. D. Bradlee, Late Pastor of 
the " Church of the Redeemer." Boston ; Press of John Wilson and 
Son. 1872. 12mo. pp. 13. 

The author entitles the first of these pamphlets : **A Sermon of Comfort for all 
who who were made Mourners by the Terrible Disaster at Revere, Saturday Even- 
ing, Aug. 26, 1871, with special mention of the late Dr. Ezra S. Gannett." 
He has words of cheer and sympathy for the mourners, and truthfully sketches 
the mental portrait of his revered friend Dr. Gannett. 

104 Book-Notices, [January, 

The other pamphlets mark the close of Mr. Bradlee's ministry to one church and 
the beginning of his ministrations to another. In the Farewell Sermon, where he 
gives a history of the Church of the Redeemer, of which he was the first and only 
pastor, he pays a cordial tribute to the friends who have assisted him in his labors 
in the parish and Sabbath school. In the last sermon Mr. Bradlee laj^s down his 
creed, which appears to be, like that of Dr. Gannett, " midway between the ration- 
alism and evangelical tendencies of the present day." 

The works are suggestive of thought, and are eloquently expressed. j. w. d. 

Descendants of George Hubhard^ from 1600 to 1872. By Luther Pres- 
COTT Hubbard. New- York : L. P. Hubbard, 80 Wall Street. 1871. 
8vo. pp. 34. 

A Family History ; Johnson, Stewart, Wilson, Bowers. Washington: Gibson 
Brothers, Printers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 17. 

Memorial Record. In Memory of \tlie'\ Hon. Increase Sumner, of Great 
Harrington, Mass. A Funeral Discourse hy \the~\ Rev. Evarts Scudder, 
With an Appendix, containing Obituary Notices of the Press ; Resolutions 
and Proceedings of the Berkshire Bar ; and Dedicatory Exercises of Julia 
Sumner Hall. Bridgeport, Conn. : Gould & Stiles. 1871. 8vo. pp. 74. 

The Hubbard genealogy is confined to a few lines, but is very full as to facts 
and dates, in those lines. It is embellished with several photographs. The second 
pamphlet, by Winslow M. Watson, Esq., was written, we are tuld, " to commemo- 
rate the remarkable virtues of the families from which Mrs. Bowers [who died at 
Cooperstown, N. Y., Feb. 6, 1872, aged 94] was descended, maternally and pater- 
nall}^ of whose rare excellence she was herself a signal example, and to furnish 
some sketches of the family of her husband,'' a prominent one in Bristol county, 
Mass. Mrs. Bowers's mother was Mrs. Martha Wilson, whose life is found in Mrs. 
EUett's Women of the Revolution. The title-page of the third pamphlet will 
answer for its table of contents. The Hon. Increase Sumner, a son of Daniel and 
Hannah (Watson) Sumner {ante, ix. 305), was a prominent citizen of Great 
Barrington, and at his death, Jan. 27, 1871, held the oflSce of judge of the district 
court. Julia Sumner Hall, built by him as a memorial of a favorite daughter who 
died at the age of twenty-five, in 1864, was dedicated as a public hall, June 28, 1871. 

J. w. D. 

Genealogy of the Allen and Witter Families,; among the Early Settlers of 
this Continent and their Descendants. By Asa W. Allex. Salem, O. : 
Printed by Luther W. Smith. 1872. 12mo. pp. 251. With a portrait 
of the author. 

Of this book 150 pages are devoted to the Allen family, and 18 pages to the AVitter. 
A large portion of the rest of the book is taken up with an essay on The Early Set- 
tlers of this Country. Thereseems to be little attempt to form regular genealogies by 
connecting the difi'erent individuals ; and few dates of birth, death and marriages 
are given. Much material for future genealogists is, however, preserved here; 
and persons of the name will no doubt be interested in the work. Those wishing 
copies can procure them of the author, A. W. Allen, Salem, Columbiana County, 
Ohio, who will mail them for $1.25 and the postage. j. w. d. 

Sheets from an Essay toward an Indian Bibliography, an Extract from a 
Catalogue of Jhols relating to the History of the American Indians, in 
the Library of Thomas ,W. Field. New- York : Scribner, Armstrong 
<fe Co., Successors to Charles Scribner & Company. 1872. 

This catalogue will ])e esj^ecially valuable to American historical students, and 
will of course be found in all })ublic, and in almost all private libraries. The 
annotations are full and concise. 

Wlio will undertake to give us a catalogue, on the plan here used, of all original 
books, i)ami)hlets, papers and memoirs, relating in the whole or in part to the 
history of what is now the United States ? Such a work need not ])e very 
voluminous, and could be i)repared in four or five years by an industrious and 
competent person. Such a work would sell, for it is needed. 

1873.] BoohNoticcs. 105 

T/ie Norsemen in the West; or, America before Columhiis. A Tale. By 
R. M. Ballantyne, Author of "The Iron Horse, or Life on the Line ;" 
" The Floating Light of the Goodwin Sands ; " " The Lifeboat : a Tale 
of our Coast Heroes ; " " Erling the Bold ; " " Shifting Winds : a Tough 
Yarn ; " " The Lighthouse : being the story of a great Fight between 
Man and the Sea;" " Gascoyne," &c. &c. With Illustrations. London: 
James Nisbet & Co., 21 Berners street. New-York: T. Nelson & Sons. 
1872. 12mo. pp. viii. and 400. [For sale by A. Williams & Co., 135 
Washington street, Boston. Price $1.75.] 

Mr. Ballantyne has an established reputation for skill in weaving historical facts 
and incidents, natural phenomena, and the most interesting and important details 
of tlie various trades, arts and callings of life into agreeable and instructive stories. 
His books are healthy and true to nature. 

Tfie volume under notice is founded upon certain well authenticated Icelandic 
sagas, which, it is agreed by those who have given the subject the most careful and 
intelligent study, relate to a series of voyages by the Northmen to the east coast of 
North America between the years 986 and 1027. The author follows very closely 
Mr. Laing's translation of "The Heimskringla, or Chronicles of the Kings of 
Norway," and confines himself to voyages from Greenland to what the Northmen 
called Viniand or Vineland, supposed to be the southern parts of Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island, and more particularly the regions about Narragansett and Buzzard 

We would suggest to Mr. Ballantyne that his use of the word Norsemen instead of 
Northmen is not correct. The word Norse was originally and properly applied to 
the patois spoken by the colonists from Norway who settled in the Orkney Islands 
and in the county of Caithness, Scotland, and afterward was the name of the dialect 
spoken by the peasantry of Norway. The ori<rinal inhabitants of Denmark, 
Norway, Sweden, and those of Iceland and Greenland were one people, who came, 
probably, from the regions about the Black Sea and the river Don. They first 
settled in that part of northern Europe called Denmark, but gradually spread over 
Norwaj' and Sweden, and immigrants found their way to various islands in the 
northern ocean. The generic epithet or name for this people was, and is, Scandi- 
navians. Their language was called, down to the close of the thirteenth century, 
tlie Danish tongue (Donsk tiinga), and was spread not only over Denmark, 
Norway and Sweden, but over northern Germany (Saxland), and over a part of 
England and Scotland. It was carried also to Iceland and Greenland, and this old 
Danish tongue was the language in which what is called "the flourishing historic 
literature of the north " had its rise and growth, — a field of study of the greatest 

These people, then, — the entire body of Scandinavians, — who spoke the Donsk 
tunga or Don-ish tongue, were called Northmen, and it was Northmen who first 
came to the east coast of North America (not the west coast as Mr. Ballantyne 
has it). 

History of Lexington, Kentucky, — Its Early Annals and Recent Progress, 
including Biographical Sketches and Personal Reminiscences of the Pioneer 
Settlers, Notices of Prominent Citizens, S^c. S^c. By George W. Ranch, 
Cincinnati : Robert Clark & Co. 1872. 8vo. pp. vi. and 428. Large 
heavy paper, muslin cover, price $4., by mail, prepaid. 

Historically, geographically and socially, Lexington is one of the most interesting 
cities in America : with two or three exceptions none are more so. The era of her 
foundation, the character of the men who built her up, and protected her from 
destruction in her infancy, are historic. At one time, and for many years, she was 
the political, literary and commercial metropolis of "the great Northwest " of the 
United States. The men and women of Lexington have made her famous. 

The author aimed to make a thorough and accurate local history. He has 
evidently succeeded, and produced a book which is written in good English, with 
proper reserve, and in good taste. It is a model in these respects. 

The publishers have put the book into a very attractive dress, as to type, paper 
and binding. 

106 Book-Notices, [January, 

Our Flag, Origin and Progress of the Flag of the United States of 
America, with an Introductory Account of the Symbols, Standards, 
Banners and Flags of Ancient and Modern Nations. By Geo. Henry 
Preble, U. S. N. Albany : Joel Munsell. 1872. 8vo. pp. 535. 

This book is dedicated " not to the living but to the dead : * * to the memory 
of those gallant spirits who by land or sea have fought and conquered, or fallen in 
defence of the banner it commemorates." It is the work of our associate, — one of 
the most able, meritorious and faithful officers of the navy, who by every act of his 
official or professional life has enlarged and perpetuated the record of useful and 
honorable service performed on sea and land by his predecessors of the name, and 
whose personal qualities have endeared him to his numerous friends in all parts 
of the country. Our readers have been too much indebted to Capt. Preble for 
valuable articles of a historical and genealogical nature to need any assurance that 
whatever he undertakes will be done thoroughly. 

This is a full and exhaustive book. It is the result of more than twenty years' 
reading and research. _ The author informs us that more than a thousand volumes 
have been examined in the preparation of these memoirs, and the correspondence 
which such a work necessitated has been immense. The volume is profusely illus- 
trated, and in part by colored plates ; the illustrations being over one hundred in 
number. The letter-press is in handsome style, and Mr. Munsell has spared no 
pains to bring out the book in an attractive form. This edition of 500 copies was 
published by subscription. 

It would be useless for us to attempt here to convey by analysis, or abstract, an 
adequate idea of the contents of the volume ; that, perhaps, is sufficiently indicated 
by the title-page. It would seem as though there could be no fact or incident of 
moment relating to the history of the flag, which happened in this country, in 
foreign lands or on the ocean, in peace or in war, that has escaped the author's 
attention. Besides this, we have a learned and voluminous introductory chapter 
upon the flags, banners, and so forth, of all other countries, from the earliest ages 
down to the present day. 

It will readily be seen, therefore, that the range of the volume is very wide. "We 
believe it will be found also to be accurate in dates, names and facts. 

The book is an honor to the author, to the navy, and to the country at large, and 
ought^ to be republished so that it may be generally circulated ; for, besides its 
historical interest, it is replete with illustrations of bravery, of patriotic devotion to 
public duty, and of private virtue, which, if rightly heeded, may be of the greatest 
service to the young and to the old in all parts of the country, among all classes of 
our people, in public as well as in private life. 

A Manual of Ancient History. By M. E. Thalheimer, formerly Teacher 
of History and Composition in the Packer Collegiate Institute, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. Wilson, Hinckle & Co., 137 Walnut street, Cincinnati. *28 
Bond street, New- York. 8vo. pp. 376. 

The study of ancient history is both a duty and a pleasure. A pleasure, because 
it reveals to us the lact that though the progress of the human race has been mark- 
ed by vicissitudes of good and evil fortune, yet that, upon the whole, its progress 
has been an ascending, not a descending one. A duty, because no nation or 
people in its turn has begun its career at the highest point reached by any of its 
predecessors, in those respects that determine the civilization of an age or people, 
Buch as its art, science, morals, religion, industries and government ; because, like 
the human individual, each has its period of infancy, maturity and decay, and so 
affords from its experiences to succeeding ages and peoples an endless variety of 
examples both for warning and encouragement. We need to know why and wherein 
they failed or succeeded. 

Never, since history began to be a common study, have the opportunities been 
equal to the present for gaining a full, fair and comparatively just view of the past. 
The ex]jlorations of archicologists, the discoveries of geographers and the investiga- 
tions of critical scholars in all countries have reduced to fable much that ha.s passed 
for truth, cleared up a great many uncertainties, and brought to light many 
hidden facts. 

We had lonj^ needed a good school manual of ancient history ; a work that 
should be based upon the advanced knowledge and opinions of the most intelligent 

1873.] . Boole-Notices. 107 

and critical students ; that should be attractive in style, and free from political, 
religious and social prejudices. 

Such a work we have before us. The author has used the labors of Niebuhr, 
Arnold, Bunsen, Mommsen, liawlinson, Curtius and others, who stand among 
the best historical authorities. 

Upon the point whether Miss Thalheimer has correctly reported and interpreted 
the facts included in that immense sphere of study called "Ancient History," 
we do not here undertake to determine. It is sufficient that high authority can 
be found for the substance of the book. 

The language is generally simple, and free from idioms, and the author's meaning 
is always clear. The work is strikingly accurate in the minor details, showing that 
the editor and proof-reader were cognizant of the matter before them, and the book 
is elegantly printed. The colored ma])s and fine engravings add largely to tlic value 
and interest of the book, which, we doubt not, will become a general favorite as 
Boon as its merits are known. 

The Buckingham Family ; or, the Descendants of Ihomas Buckingham, One 
of the First Settlers of Milford, Conn. Compiled at the request of 
William A. Buckingham, of Norwich, Conn. By [the] Rev. F. AY. 
. Chapman, A.M., Author of the Chapman Family ; Pratt Family ; 
Trowbridge Family, and Coitt Family ; Member of the New-England 
Historic, Genealogical Society ; the Connecticut Historical Society ; and 
the New-Haven Colony Historical Society. Hartford, Conn.: Press of 
Case, Lockwood & Brainard. 1872. 8vo. pp. 384. 

In this volume we have a very modest genealogy of an old and influential Con- 
necticut family. It is probable, if not certain, that all the Buckinghams in the 
country belong to the family descended from Thomas who was in Boston in 1637 ; 
in New-Haven in 1638 ; and in Milford in 1639, where he settled. He was one of 
the company to which Eaton and Hopkins, Davenport and Prudden belonged, and 
one of "the seven pillars" of the church formed in the last named place, Aug. 22, 
1639, of which the amiable and useful Prudden was pastor. He died while on a 
visit to Boston, in 1657 (later than Sept. 19th, the date of his will), about twenty 
years after his landing here. 

We observe that Mr. Chapman gives credit to numerous members of the family 
for aid rendered by the loan of manuscript notes made independently of him and 
of each other. Such helps are of great advantage to the compiler of a genealogy 
in many and divers ways, not the least important of which is the greater certainty 
with which they enable him to make his statements. 

The volume is well printed, furnished with good indexes and with several por- 
traits, among which is an excellent likeness of the Hon. W^illiam A. Buckingham, 
who was governor of Connecticut from 1858 to 1866, and now holds the office of 
senator in the federal congress. 

The Chandler Family. The Descendants of William and Annis Chandler, 
who settled in Boxbury, Mass., 1037. Collected by George Chandler, 
of Worcester, Mass. Printed for the Family. Boston : Press of David 
Clapp & Son, 334 Washington street. 1872. 8vo. pp. xxvi. and 1212. 

Dr. Chandler was long engaged in collecting the materials for this book ; it was 
elowly and carefully printed, and subjected to very thorough revision as it went 
through the press. The edition consisted of 250 copies, of which all but 41 were 
consumed in the recent fire. The work was prepared and printed at the expense 
of Dr. Chandler, and we deeply sympathize with him in his loss. It is to be hoped 
that among the thousands whose names and history are here brought together, there 
will be found a sufficient number interested in the history of the family, and grateful 
enough to Dr. Chandler for his generous labors, to take the burden of reproducing 
the book upon themselves. Should they do so, they will of course be able to revise 
and correct any errors that may have escaped detection. If they should not do so, 
then the few volumes that remain will be memorials, not only of Dr. Chandler' s 
great industry and pious interest in his ancestors and relatives, but also of t)"* *"■ 
greatest conflagration that has ever afflicted Boston. 

108 Book-Notices, [January, 

The Troivhridge Family ; or, the Descendants of TJiomas Troxchridge, One 
of the First Settlers of New-Haven, Conn. Compiled at the request of 
Thomas Rutherford Trowbridge, of New-Haven, Conn. By F. "W. 
CiiArMAN, A.M. * * * * New-Haven : Punderson, Crisand & Co., 
Printers and Lithographers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 462. 

The Trowbridge family is not a large one, and nearlj' all, if not all, who bear the 
name in this country, are descended from Thomas, who came from Taunton, Som- 
ersetshire, England, to America, not later than 1636, perhaps as early as 1634, 
and settled in Dorchester, Mass.; and in 1638 or 1639 removed to New-Haven, 
Conn., which has continued to be the chief seat of the family to the present time. 

Of this family, one of the leading members is Mr. Thomas R. Trowbridge, of 
New-Haven, at whose request, and at whose charge, also, this volume was compiled, 
edited and published. It seems to be accurate and sufficiently full, and the indexes 
are ample, and, so far as we have tested them, correct. Portraits of ^Ir. Trowbridge 
and his father adorn the volume, and the appendix contains several letters written 
to him by his son William R., while travelling in foreign lands. 

It is gratifying to see how much more attention is paid to the stj'le as well 
as the matter of family genealogies than there was at one time, and that a majority 
of the recent works of this kind are arranged after the plan recommended and used 
in the Register. We see none better. 

Genealogy of the Lyman Family, in Great Britain and. America ; the 
Ancestors and Descendants of Richard Lyman, from High Ongar in 
England, 1631. By Lyman Coleman, D.D., Professor in Lafayette 
College, Easton, Pennsylvania. Nil me poeniteat sanum patris hyjus, 
Albany, N. ^.! J. x\iuDsell, State street. 1872. 8vo. pp. xvi. and 
10, ''^": 

In the preface to this volume, Dr. Coleman ascribes its authorship to the late 
Miss Julia E. Lyman, daughter or Gaius Lyman, who resided in Hartford, Conn., 
from 1804 to 1845, the year of his decease. Miss Lyman devoted the greater part of 
the leisure of her life, no little part of her fortune, and too much of her physical 
strength to the accumulation of the materials for this genealogy. After her decease 
the onerous task of completing the work was laid upon Dr. Coleman, who, amid 
great discouragements, carried it forward to its present state. 

Part I. is taken up with matter relating to the English ancestry of the family, 
and there is an attempt to connect the first emigrant of the name with Sir John 
Leman alias Lyman, Knt., sheriff of London in 1606, and lord-maj'or in 1616, and 
with the Lamberts through Sir Radulphus Lambert, Knt., and Sir Robert Umfre- 
ville, Knt., both said to be kinsmen of " William the Conqueror ; " but the line is 
obscure, and the connection doubtful. The matter in this part of the book seems to 
be made up of loose notes which we fail to understand. We ought to be extremely 
careful when we enter upon the genealogy of our English ancestors. The liabilities 
and temptations to error in some instances seem about equal. 

The portion of the book which relates to the American Lymans is full, well 
arranged, and reasonably accurate. It traces the family from the first emigrant 
Richard, who was born in High On^ar, co. Essex, England, where he was baptized 
Oct. 22, 1580, and who came to this country in 1631. He was one of the first 
settlers of Hartford, Conn. From him has grown a large and distinguished family. 

The plan upon which this genealogy is arranged follows very closely that 
recommended by the Register. 

The volume is well printed, and bears the mark of careful proof-reading. 

The Rise of the Repnhlic of the United States. By Richard FROTniXQ- 

UAM. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. 1872. 8v^o. pp. xxiv. 

and 640. 

Our shelves are filled with histories of the United States ; while of books and 
essays that treat of political science, and, in a more or less fragmentary way, of the 
political (questions tliat luive arisen from time to time in our history, the number is 
jmmcnHe. These, on tiie one hand, have been confined almost exclusively to the fiicts 
of history ; or, on the other hnud, where they undertook to deal with principles, it 
was in their application to passing events and the circumstances of the day. A 

1873.] Book-Notices. 109 

sj'stomatic and philosophical treatise upon the origin and development of those 
))rinciplcs and political forces which finally took form and expression in the American 
Union, has long been a desideratum. Mr. Frothingham has made a successful essay 
in tliat direction. 

The appearance of this book is opportune. The din of arms is dying away, and 
the conflict of angry and heated j)assion8 is j'ielding to that higher and noble contest 
in wliich the energies of all patriotic men in the country ought to be engaged, — the 
great task of binding up the wounds caused by the late civil war, anci instituting 
and promoting those measures of domestic and general economy by which the 
industries of the i)eople may be encouraged, and their comfort, happiness and 
freedom secured and perpetuated. 

Indeed we ought especially now to recur to first principles, lest we yield too much 
to the influence of those who under the exigencies of war became enamored of 
military and autocratic power. 

The public heart is so softened and the public intelligence is so quickened by re- 
cent events, that both are prepared to receive good and healthy impressions of the 
true spirit and purpose of the founders of the government under which we live. 
And in no better way can that impression be gained than by a familiar study of the 
rise and growth of those great principles of political science which lie at the basis, 
and also enter into the structure of the republic. 

Of the author's fitness and ability for a work of this character there can be no 
doubt, even in the judgment of those whose minds like our own are not irjluenced 
by personal acquaintance with the author, but who are familiar with his historical 
and political writings. These show that he has a sagacious, logical and phi- 
losophic mind, the instincts and habits of the scholar, and the learning that 
comes from extensive reading and study. He is progressive, but not radical. He is 
conservative, but only to the extent that he would conserve whatever has proved 
itself to be good until something better is ottered. He is a friend of man, and has 
large faith in humanity ; is not a political or social " reformer ; " is not a doctrin- 
aire. He is an inquirer after truth, endowed with the judicial spirit and capacity; 
and is an instance, too infrequent, of how influential historical and political 
studies may be in quickening, broadening and elevating the intellect and the sensi- 

The chief characteristics of this volume are profound insight into the spirit of 
events, wide research, and clearness of thought and statement. 

Our limited space does not admit of an analysis of the volume, and in place of 
that we must content ourselves with a recapitulation of the titles of the several 
chapters. These are as follows: 1. Introduction — Ideas of local self-government 
and of national union. 2. The combination of local self-government and union of 
the New-England confederacy. 3. How aggression on the principle of local self- 
government led to revolution and inter-colonial correspondence, and how a common 
peril occasioned a congress. 4. The ideas of local self-government and of union for 
seventy years, and their combination in the plan adopted by the x\lbany convention. 
5. How the assertion by parliament of a right to tax the colonies by the stamp act 
evoked a sentiment of union, and occasioned a general congress. 6. How the 
assertion by parliament in the Townsend revenue acts of absolute power over the 
colonies was met by a constitutional oi)position, and hoAV an admiralty royal order 
elicited action in a similar spirit by thirteen assemblies in defence of their local self- 
government. 7. How the patriots advanced from an embodiment of public opinion 
to a party organization, by forming committees of correspondence. 8. How events 
developed the American mind, and how the demand for a general congress was ac- 
companied by pledges to abide by its decisions. 9. How a general congress formed 
the association of the united colonies, and how support was pledged to the inhabit- 
ants of Massachusetts in resisting the alteration of their charter. 10. When the 
popular leaders recognized the fact of revolution, and began to aim at independence, 
and how they met the question of sovereignty. 11. How the people of the united 
colonies by tlie declaration of independence decreed their existence as a nation com- 
posed of free and independent states. 12. How the people by ordaining the consti- 
tution of the United States instituted republican government. 

Of these chapters, the first, second, fourth, eighth and tenth, it strikes us, best 
show the author's peculiar merits, and bring out some ideas that we do not recol- 
lect to have seen elaborated elsewhere. The text is happily fortified by numerous 
references to authorities on the most important points, and a great deal of valuable 
and not a little of new matter is put into explanatory foot-notes. 
The style of the volume is to be highly commended. The ideas, no matter how 
Vol. XXVII. 10 

110 Book-Notices. [January, 

recondite, are clothed in simple and exact language, and from the beginning to the 
end we have observed, what is reall3^ remarkable, ))ut one word used out of its 
ordinary and natural seuse. That occurs on page 608, in the use of " avocation " for 

Old Land/narks and Historic Personages of Boston. By Samuel Adams 
Drake. Profusely Illustrated. Boston : James R. Osgood and Company. 
1872. 12mo. pp. xviii. and 484. 

The object of the author in preparing this work, it appears, was to furnish 
the public with a historical guide-book to the places of interest and local fame 
in the city of Boston, and also to contribute his aid toward perpetuating the memo- 
ry of the personages and events connected with them. The author has not brought 
forth any thing new ; but, what is better perhaps, he has brought together 
many facts and interesting incidents from widely scattered sources, and grouped 
them so as to give his narrative the effect of novelty. 

The plan is excellent, and the author has produced a very entertaining book. 
It cannot fail to have a large circulation, and will lead every citizen of Boston 
who reads it to take a renewed interest in his native or adopted place of resi- 
dence. The book w^ill serve as a companion volume to Drake's History of Boston, 
and Shurtleff's Topographical and Historical Description of Boston. 

It bears marks of hasty composition and careless proof-reading, and on this ac- 
count fails to be altogether as reliable and satisfactory as the author undoubtedly 
could have made it, if more pains had been taken. 

The book is largely illustrated, handsomely printed, and has a good index. A 
map of Boston would have added to its value. 

1. Daniel Boone, the Pioneer of KentucJcy. By John S. C. Abbott. 
New-York: Dodd & Mead. 1872. 12mo. pp. 331. 

2. 3Iiles Standish, the Puritan Captain. By John S. C. Abbott. New- 
York : Dodd & Mead. 1872. 12mo. pp. 372. [For sale by A. Wil- 
liams & Co., 135 "Washington Street, Boston.] 

These are the first two volumes of a series entitled " The Pioneers and Patriots 
of America," which has been undertaken by the enterprising publishers above 
named. For such a series Mr. Abbott is abundantly w^ell qualified, and if he should 
fail to produce any part of the series in the style which the critical portion of the 
public would desire, it wdll be from want of research and enterprise on his part. 

No more captivating and useful lal)ors could engage the pen of an American writer 
than the biographies of our revolutionary and ante-re vol ationary worthies, — 
heroes most of them, of whom Standish and Boone are examples. Such a series 
of biographies as has been proposed, if w-ell executed, would command the interest 
and patronage of a multitude of readers, and would become the classics of Ameri- 
can literature. 

The volume first named is far from being what it ought to be either in style or 
substance. It is a hasty compilation, and not from the best materials. Boone was 
really a noble and great character, far more so than this book represents him. The 
writer does not appreciate his subject, and has not used the abundant and excellent 
matter lying ready to his hand. iBut unsatisfactory as the book is, it will repay 
perusal, and will convey though inadequately an idea of Boone and his times. 

Of the Life of Standish we can speak more approvinglj'. The material and the 
style are better. The writer takes a livelier interest in his subject, and has 
C(jllocted the substance of about all that has ever been written concerning the 
famous puritan caj^tain. Even here, however, we have a good deal of the poetry 
and romance wliieh have been invented and woven into liistory, and the author 
fails to indicate wlien he is romancing. This is entirely unnecessary ; for never 
were characters that needed less coloring and less of factitious aid. In their case 
the truth is stranger than fictiim. 

Mr. Abbott is capable of better work than he presents in either of these volumes, 
especially in the Tiife of lioonc ; and we ho])e his employers will assist upon having 
not "journeyman " but *' master " workmansliip. 




|]^" Magazines Received. — We have not space now to do more tl:nn give the 
titles of the following magazines. {Quarterlies) : The Mt'thodist (N. Yj, Tho 
New-Englander (Novv-llaven), Bihliotheoa Sacra (Andover), The Amcricau 
Churcii Review (Hartford), and The Biographical and Genealogical Record (N. Y.), 
(Monthlies) : The Eclectic, Scribner's Magazine, Harper's Magazine, Woods'a 
Mai^azine, The Penn JMonthly, and The Spirit of Missions. All for sale by A. 
Williams & Co., 135 Washington street. 


Aldrich, The Hon. Cyrus, one of tho most 
widely known men of the nortli-west, 
died in Minneapolis, Minn., Oct. 5, 
1871. He was born in Smithtield, R. 
I., June 18, 1808. His parents were 
poor, and he received a limited educa- 
tion. While a mere boy he followed 
the sea for some years, and also worked 
on a farm. In 1837, when 29 years of 
age, he removed to Illinois, and got 
employment first as a laborer, and soon 
after as a contractor on the Illinois and 
Michigan Canal. In 1842 he removed 
to Galena, and became extensively en- 
gaged in the stage and mail contract 
business. In 1845 he was elected to the 
lower house of the Illinois legislature, 
and was re-elected in 1846, declining, at 
the end of his second term, the nomina- 
tion of senator. In 1847 he was elected 
register of deeds of Jo Daviess county, 
and in the spring of 1849 he was ap- 
pointed by President Taylor receiver of 
the land office in Dixon, III., and con- 
tinued in that post until the incoming 
of Pierce's administration in 1853. He 
also held several minor town and county 
offices in the meantime. In 1852 he 
received the whig nomination for con- 
gress in the Chicago district, but was 
defeated by the Hon. John Wentworth. 
In 1854 he visited Minnesota, and being 
pleased with the region, removed thither 
the following spring, and built a house 
in the village of Minneapolis, being one 
of the first settlers of that now pros- 
perous city. He soon became one of 
the most popular and influential men in 
the territory, and in 1857 was elected 
"at large" a member of the constitu- 
tional convention, in which body he 
took a prominent part. The same fall 
he was the republican nominee for con- 
gress in his district, but his party were 
not then successful. In 1859 he was 
again nominated for that position, and 
received a very large majority of votes. 
In 1860 he was again elected by an 

unusual majority. During his term as 
representative, he labored with unrclax- 
ing zeal lor his state, while his house 
and purse were ever ojoen to the sick 
and wounded soldiers from his own 
state. His labor and sacrifice during 
these two years impaired both his liealth 
and fortune — the latter almost beyond 
recovery, but has endeared his name in 
thousands of households in our state. 
In 1863 he made an unsuccessful contest 
for U. S. senator, after which he deter- 
mined to retire to private life. In 1864, 
however, he consented to take a seat in 
the Minnesota legislature, to forward 
some local interests. In March, 1867, 
he was, unexpectedly to himself and 
unsolicited, appointed post-master of 
Minneapolis, which position he held 
until the spring* of the present year, 
when failing health compelled him to 
abandon it. His disease was dropsy. 
He preserved his mental faculties to the 
last, and died calmly and in peace. The 
news was received by the people of his 
state with sincere sorrow. No public 
man was more beloved, and none more 
widely known. Few have done more 
to shape the institutions of our young 
commonwealth than he. With a limited 
education, he possessed remarkably 
strong common sense and clear judg- 
ment. With a nature gentle and frank, 
though under a plain exterior and off- 
hand western manners, he had a natural 
inbred courtesy that attracted the hearts 
of all toward him irresistibly. He was 
indeed a remarkable man, and his name 
will long be a household w^ord in our 
state. J. F. w. 

Eastburn, The Rev. Manton, D.D. On 
the 11th of Sept. 1872, the Right Rev. 
Manton Eastburn, Bishop of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, of the diocese 
of Massachusetts, died at his residence 
in Boston. His disease was malignant 
dysentery. He was an efficient officer 




of the Church, but a man of moderate 
opinions. He was born in England on 
the 9th of February, 1801. His parents 
came with him to the United States 
when he was a small boy, and settled in 
the city of New- York. He was graduat- 
ed at Columbia College when in the 
seventeenth year of his age, and finished 
his preparatory studies for the ministry 
at the (ieneral Theological Seminary in 
New-York. ; was ordained a mhiister in 
May, 1822 ; officiated a few years as 
assistant minister of Christ Church in 
New-York, and became rector of the 
Church of the Ascension in 1827. In 
1812 he was consecrated a bishop, and 
became the assistant bishop of the dio- 
cese of Massachusetts. The following 
year, on the death of Bishop Griswold, 
he was made full bishop, and held that 
office until the time of his death. 

Bishop Eastburn was not a volumin- 
ous contributor to American literature, 
his time being faithfully employed in 
pastoral duties. He was a pleasing 
speaker: and so early as 1825, he de- 
livered a course of lectures on Hebrew, 
Latin and English poetry, before the 
New-York Athenaeum, with great ac- 
ceptance. He wrote a portion of a vol- 
ume of " Essays and Dissertations on 
Biblical Literature." In 1833, he pub- 
lished " Lectures on the Epistles to the 
Philippians," and in 1837 he delivered 
the oration at the semi-centennial anni- 
versary of Columbia College. He edit- 
ed " Thornton's Family Prayers," which 
have been very extensively used among 
the members of his denomination. 

Bishop Eastburn won to himself the 
solid esteem of those who could appre- 
ciate stability in opinion and conduct, 
learning without pedantry, free social 
intercourse with true dignity, and a 
pure and blameless Christian life. 

Sanford, Alpheus, Esq., died in Taunton, 
Mass., June 1, 1872, aged 78 years 7 
months and 12 days. He was the third 
son of Capt. Joseph Sanford, a soldier 
of the revolution, and Eleanor (Macora- 
ber) Sanford, of Berkley, Mass., and 
was born Od. 19, 1793. He resided in 
Berkley till the year 1837, and after 
that time in Taunton. He held various 
local offices in Berkley, such as select- 
man, justice of the peace, &c., and in 
1844 represented Taunton in the house 
of representatives. 

His ancestors were among the early 

settlers of Taunton, and possessed great 
longevity. His maternal grandfather, 
James Macomber, died at the age of 88, 
and his grandfather, Lieut. George San- 
ford, an officer in the «< French War," 
at the age of 96. Four of his brothers, 
-^ James, John, Enoch and Baalis, — were 
graduated at BroM'n University, and all 
became Congregational clergymen. The 
two last survive. 

^Ir. Sanford was twice married : first, 
to Miss Sinai Briggs, daughter of the 
late Mr. Israel Briggs, of Conway, Ms. 
She died March 21, 1861, aged es'years. 
And second, to Mrs. Ruth Parker, wi- 
dow of Stephen Parker, Esq., and daugh- 
ter of Mr. Jonathan Jenney, of New- 
Bedford, who survives her husband. 
His children, all born of the first mar- 
riage, two sons and four daughters, 
reside in Taunton, except Joseph Briggs 
Sanford, Esq., of Boston, who is in 
active practice at the Suffolk bar. 

Wheldew, Mrs. Eliza Davis, in West 
Barnstable, Mass., Feb. 2, 1872, wife of 
Isaac Whelden, Esq., of West Barn- 
stable, aged 67. 

She was born in Provincetown, Mass., 
Jan. 10, 1805. Her father was the Rev. 
Samuel Parker, of Provincetown, who 
was born in West Barnstable, Aug. 8, 
1742; graduated at Harvard College, 
1768 ; settled over the parish church of 
Provincetown, Jan. 20, 1774 ; died there 
April 11, 1811. Her mother was 
Eunice Hinkley, born July 14, 1765, 
dau. of Isaac Hinkley, a graduate of 
Harvard College, and Hannah Bourne, 
who were married in West Barnstable, 
Dec. 18, 174S. Mrs. Whelden was by 
birth nearly allied to that pure and 
substantial stock that in the early years 
of the "Old Colony" chose the section 
of country in the vicinity of Barnstable 
as the place for a permanent settlement. 
She lived and died amid the scenes by 
which her ancestors were surrounded. 
Patient and calm in all her duties to her 
family, faithful to friends, she filled the 
place of wife, mother, friend, better than 
we can draw the picture. Her native 
good judgment always seemed to serve 
her in the right way to leave a good 
result, and out of those little acts of 
kindness that she was constantly doing, 
she has built up before us a personifica- 
tion of daily life refreshing to think of, 
and ennobling to strive to imitate, t. s. 





YoL. XXVII. APRIL, 1873. No. 2. 

COL. JOSEPH MAY, 1760— 184L 
By the Rev. Samuel May, of Leicester. 

Joseph May, of Boston, elder son of Samuel and Abigail (TVilliams) 
May, was of the sixth generation from the first immigrant of the name, 
who was John JMay, of Mayfield, Sussex, England. The line followed 
thus : — 

John (2d), born in England 1028 (or, according to Savage, Genealogical 
Dictionary, 1631), came with his father to Plymouth, 1640; died Sept. 11, 

John (3d), born in Roxbury, May 19, 1663 ; died Feb. 24, 1730. 

Ebenezer, born Oct. 10, 1692; died May 2, 1752. 

Samuel, born in Roxbury, Feb. 17, 1723 ; died in Boston, Aug. 9, 1794. 

The first John, above named, who according to Savage must have been 
just 50 years of age on coming to America, was admitted freeman, in Rox- 
bury, June 2, 1641 ; died April 28, 1670, aged 80 (see also Farmer's 
Genealogical Register). The name, sometimes spelt Males, and Mays, 
occurs frequently in the early RoxlDury town and church records. The 
death of the first John's wife, June 18, 1651, is thus recorded by Eliot, the 
"apostolic" pastor, — "Sister Mayes died, a very gracious and savoury 

The second John was admitted freeman 1660 ; he was blind for several 
of the last months of his life. 

The third John, admitted freeman 1690, was a deacon of the Roxbury 

Samuel, grandson of the third John, was the father of Joseph, of whose 
life we attempt a short sketch. He (Samuel), married Nov. 3, 1748, 
Catherine Mears, and their only daughter who survived infancy, Mehetabel, 
was married in 1768 to Col. William Dawes, of Boston. The wife (C. 
Mears) died March 20, 1752 ; and on Oct. 4, 1753, he (S. M.) married 
Abigail, daughter of Joseph Williams, farmer, of Roxbury. They had 
thirteen children, nine of whom lived to mature age, and married. The 
family lived at " the south end," in a square, plain, wooden house, on what 
is now the northerly corner of Washington (then Orange) and Davis streets. 
In an old account, it is called " Squire May's great house." He was a car- 
penter, and his older children remembered when he would take his tools on 
Vol. XXVII. 11 

114 Col Joseph May, [April, 

Ins shoulder and walk to Roxbury, even to the Plain, for his day's work. He 
was a good architect for his day, and is said to have been the principal 
builder of the Episcopal church in old Cambridge, still standing on the 
westerly side of the old burial ground. He also became a considerable 
lumber-dealer. In the rear of his house were no streets, as now ; but the 
tide, flowing into the South Cove, brought lumber-vessels to his wdiarf, 
which extended across what is now Harrison avenue, at the point where 
Davis street enters. His name, and those of his brothers, Ephraim, Moses, 
and Aaron, occur in the first Boston Directory, 1789, a thin 18mo. of 67 
pages. Moses May was the father of the late Perrin May, merchant, of 

A brief record follows of the nine children of Samuel and Abigail May : 

Abigail, b. 1754 ; m. a distant cousin, Col. John May, of whom a biographical 
sketch appeared in the January number of the " Register." She died 1824. 
Catherine, b. 1757 ; m. Lemuel Cravath ; d. 1788. 
Joseph, the subject of this sketch. 

Martha, b. 1763 ; m. Judge John Frothingham, of Portland ; d. 1834. 
Lucretia, b. 1765 ; m. Azor G. Archbald ; d. 1811. 
Mary, b. 1769 ; m. Isaac Davenport; d. 1853. 
Sarah, b. 1772 ; m. Captain John Holland ; d. 1849. 
Louisa, b. 1773; m. Benjamin Goddard ; d. 1832. 
Samuel, b. 1776 ; m. Mary Goddard ; d. in Boston, Feb. 23, 1870. 

The widow of the last named still lives in this city, and is the only sur- 
vivor of that family group. 

Joseph May was born in Boston, March 25, 1760. "With quite incon- 
siderable exceptions, his life of 81 years was spent in Boston. " He was a 
merry, active, helpful boy. The only son in the large family until nearly seven- 
teen years old, his almost only associates both at home and school, for years, 
were his sisters. He learned easily, but the school-mistress complained to 
his mother that she could not ' keep him from talking.' Sewing being tried, 
proved a failure ; and the next resource was to commit psalms to memory ; 
which was more successful, and he learned very many of them, even the 
119th, with its 176 verses, the whole of which he repeated without an error. 
His unusual aptness herein drew the attention of the neighbors, who 
would sometimes stand him up on a window shutter, which folded down and 
made a broad shelf in the street, at a shop near his home, and call for one 
psalm after another, which he w^ould recite, the 119th being the closing 
achievement." At nine years old, he entered the Latin School, under 
Master Lovell ; and was probably there until nearly the outbreak of the 
war of the revolution. 

His father's fiimily were members of the Hollis Street Society, of which 
the Rev. Mather Byles w^as minister (ordained 1732). Dr. Byles, as is 
well known, was a steady opponent of the " patriotic " movement, of which 
Boston was head-quarters, and in all ways strove to ridicule it and its prin- 
cipal supporters. As he gave very free expression to his feelings, his 
opponents of course were not backward in their censures of him. Soon 
alter the " Boston Massacre," Mr. ]\lay and family withdrew from Dr. 
Byles's ministrations — Mrs. May being especially displeased — and united 
themselves with the Old South congregation, whicli more than any other in 
the town was identified with the popular love of libert3\ In that church 
Joseph Warren had just uttered his denunciations of the perpetrators of the 
massacre, and of the government by whose soldiery it had been committed ; 
and tliere the principal meetings of the townspeople continued to be held, 
until it was seized during the war for the use of the British troops. AVhile 

1873.] ColJoseph May. 115 

at the Old South, the boy Joseph, wlio had developed an early love for 
psalmody, sung as well as spoken, sat in the " singers' seats," and sang with 
them when but twelve years old. It is related of his mother, a strong 
and resolute woman, that one day when a British soldier reached his hand 
into her open window to take something from the table, she quickly shut 
the window down upon his arm and held it as in a vice, until a messenger 
to the guard-house brought an officer, who caused the offender to be arrest- 
ed. Such being the condition of things in the town, we are not surprised 
that the father felt unwilling to have his wife and children remain there. 
He removed them to Pomfret, Conn., where connections, Mays and Wil- 
liamses, were living, and they remained there until after the evacuation of 
Boston by the British troops in March, 177G. When the Old South society, 
in the autumn of 1777, obtained the use of King's Chapel for their own 
meetings, the family, or some of them, were again found there. 

At about the time of the family's return to Boston from Pomfret, Joseph 
was apprenticed to Mr. Ste})hen Salisbury, of Worcester, who kept a store 
there. AVitli him, and ]\Ii-. Samuel Salisbury, of Boston, he continued from 
177G to about 1780, at which time he was api)roaching his majority. 

He formed, j^robably in 1781, a business partnership with Thomas Pat- 
ten, a distant relative, who was engaged in the flour and ])roduce trade in 
Baltimore and Alexandi-ia, and Mr. May conducted the business in Boston, 
having the store No. 3, Long AVharf. The business was prosperous ; and 
on the 28th December, 1784, he was married to Dorothy Sewall,^ daughter 
of Deacon Samuel Sewall, of the Old South Church. Their first home 
was in a house in Union street ; but he soon removed to a more commodious 
one in Milk street, on the west corner of Atkinson (since Congress) street. 
But the firm of Patten, May & Co. failed, about 1708, owing, as alleged, 
to speculations in Georgia lands, in which Mr. Patten embarked. Mr. 
May gave up every thing he possessed, even offering the gold ring on his 
finger. A very serious and j)rotracted illness followed, in which his mental 
suffering was great, but fruitful of an unusual experience for the remainder 
of his life. He left the Milk-street house in the spring of 1801, and moved 
to a plain but comfortable house. No. 1, Federal court, leading from Fed- 
eral street. It was a sunny and cheerful spot, and had been purchased, and 
a life-right in it given to him, by several friends, and secured to his wife 
and children at his decease. In this house he lived until 1835. The fami- 
ly-life there during those thirty-five years, was perhaps as happy as mortals 
often know. It was of necessity simple and without show ; but it lacked 
no comforts, and was full of hospitable and kindly feeling and deed, — " the 
spare-room was seldom without an occupant." His children were respect- 
ful, intelligent, well-educated, and their j^oung friends were always made 
welcome to the society of the house ; one of the daughters had great musi- 
cal gifts and a voice of memorable sweetness ; the father himself was most 
attractive in conversation, with an excellent memory and ready wit, giving 
hours of every day to reading and retaining the fruits of it for the advan- 
tage and entertainment of others, ready to participate in the occupations 
and amusements of those about him, and joining in their music ; the mother, 
keenly alive to all the joys and trials of her children and of their young 
friends, sharing fully with her husband in the hospitable spirit of the house, 
and going beyond it, as he also did habitually, to relieve the needy and the 
sick, and minister to the dying — accomplishing thus with very moderate 

^ Dorothy Sewall, born Dec. 23, 1758 ; d. in Boston, Oct. 31, 1825. The Rev. Dr. Sewall, 
of the Old South, and Chief Justice Sewall, were her ancestors. 

116 Col. Joseph May, [-^pril; 

means a large amount of benefit ; a deep interest in religious thought 
and iuquiiy, and an habitual attention to religious observance and worship, 
supporting, animating, giving cheerfulness and strength to the whole. ^'I 
have never seen," saj^s his only surviving daughter, " more contentment and 
happiness than we enjoyed. We had music, health, love, and good will." 

We can see Colonel May, in arm-chair by the fire-side, his head forward 
and inclined sidewise, the snufF-box (to tell the whole truth) in one hand 
and gently tapped with the other, and the coming mirth already visible in 
his eyes. No social pleasure of our childhood and youth was greater than 
to hear his conversation, and occasionally his song. Among other songs he 
sang " The Vicar of Bray," with much effect ; and took pains to teach it to 
a young nej)hew, and gave him, in his beautiful hand-writing, a copy of the 
words. Stories of the revolutionary times there would be, and of the 
marked characters in Boston of all professions and occupations. Particu- 
larly do we remember his account of the scene in Ilollis street meeting- 
house, when the brethren were assembled in council (August, 1776), having 
notified their minister, Dr. Byles, that charges would be preferred against 
him, to which he might reply, if he thought proper. The doctor, on the 
appointed day, came into the house, slowly ascended the pulpit, and from 
that place of accustomed authority made audible comments on the business 
as it proceeded, and upon the different speakers, in a way anything but 
complimentary ; when, having sufficiently signified his lofty indifference to 
them and their doings, he moved out of the house, not to enter it again. 
The entire scene with its several actors was given with dramatic effect. 

Mr. May was a member of the Lidependent Corps of Cadets as early as 
178G, probably earlier, but, owing to the loss of the company-records of 
previous years, it is not certain. He was clerk of the corps in that year, 
and so continued until October, 1794; was elected major. May 14, 1795 ; 
and lieut.-colonel. May 6, 1797. He held the office of commander for two 
years, and resigned it April 18, 1799. 

This was the time of his business-failure. He was " about thirty-eight 
years of age," says Rev. Dr. Greenwood, when it occurred. Dr. G. adds, 
" The sufferings which this disaster caused revealed to him that he had be- 
come more eager for property, than was creditable to his understanding or 
good for his heart. After some days of deep depression, he formed the 
resolution never to be a rich man ; but to withstand all temptations to en- 
gage again in the pursuit of wealth. He adhered to this determination. 
He resolutely refused several very advantageous oflTers of partnership in 
lucrative concerns, and sought rather the situation he held, for more than 
forty years, in an insurance office, where he would receive a competence 
only for his family." ^ And another friend records this emphatic remark of 
Mr. May — " Life was not given to be all used up in the pursuit of what 
we must leave behind us when we die." 

He wtis the first and only secretary of the Boston Marine Insurance 
Company, which was chartered Feb. 13, 1799. The salary never exceeded 
fifteen liundred dollars, and at times was less ; but the position and income 
alike comported with the new resolutions he had formed, and with his now 
fixed ideas concerning the uses of life ; and he held the office, busily and con- 
tentedly, until January, 1838, at which time age compelled him to leave it, 
and the company was dissolved. Among the presidents of the company 
were Sanuiel Cabot, George Cabot, and Daniel Sargent ; with all of whom 
his personal as well as olllcial relations were of the firmest friendship and 

* Sermon on tlie death of Joscpli May, Esq., 1811. 

1873.] CoL Joseph May, 1 1 7 

mutual respect. Also, Vvdth Moses Michael Hays, a Jewish gentleman of 
Boston, a long and affectionate friendship existed. 

Undou])tcdly one reason for his seeking this office was that it would usu- 
ally give him the afternoon of the day for those other objects in which he 
was interested, and which came to absorb more and more of his attention. 
He aided to establish the Massachusetts General Hospital and the Asylum 
for the Insane, and was one of the trustees from 1813 to 1826. But he gave 
more time to cases of private need, to families overtaken by misfortune 
or suffering from improvidence. Dr. Greenwood says : — " His private 
charities are not to be numbered. I believe that without much trouble he 
miglit be traced through every quarter of the city by the foot-prints of his 
benefactions. Pensioners came to the door of his house as they do in some 
countries to the gate of a convent. The worthy poor found in him a friend, 
and the unworthy he endeavored to reform. His aid to those in distress 
and need was in many cases not merely temporary, and limited to single 
applications, but as extensive and permanent as the life and future course 
of its object. I think I may be allowed to mention, as one instance of this 
effectual species of charity, that one whole family of fatherless and mother- 
less and destitute children, bound to him by no tie but that of human bro- 
therhood, found a father in him, and owe to him, under Heaven, the respec- 
tability and comfort of their earthly condition." And as, in this instance, he 
"cast his bread upon the waters," so did it "return to him after many days ; " 
yes, and with increase, and thenceforth was never wanting to him, until 
he ceased to need any human ministration. 

Among the " important trusts " which he discharged, was that of a com- 
missioner of insolvent estates. As early as 1807, he was appointed, by the 
judge of probate for the county of Suffolk, a commissioner to receive and 
examine claims against the estate of persons deceased insolvent ; and he 
continued to serve in that capacity, from time to time, with such men as 
Benjamin Rand, AVilliam Minot, John Heard, Jr., &c., until near the time 
of his death. Some probate records as late as December, 1840, show him 
to be engaged in this work, which was less than three months prior to his 
death. This added a few hundred dollars to his annual income ; and gave 
him opportunity to know the needs of many families, to save what he might of 
their means, and to give them courage and hope for their future. For more 
than thirty years he was seldom without a case of this kind upon his hands. 

When the Old South society returned to their own house in 1783, Joseph 
May, who had become much attached to the mode of worship at King's 
Chapel, and to the instructions of the Rev. James Freeman, the rector, 
wdiich he considered much in advance of those of other pulpits, decided to re- 
main there. He was then but little over twenty-three years old. " In 1785," 
says Dr. Greenwood, " he was one of the twenty who voted to make those 
alterations in the liturgy, which cut us off from the trinitarian communion, 
and caused us to be repudiated by the Episcopal Church ; and in. 1787 he 
was one of the small but resolved conofregation who ordained the late Dr. 
Freeman by their own authority." ^ This course, in a young man who had 
his future all before him, and knowing, as he did, the opprobrium it w^ould 
bring upon him, yet taken without hesitation, appears iiidicative of a 
strong and manly character. 

An intimate personal friendship grew up between the Rev. Mr. Freeman 
and himself, and it never w^as lessened or impaired. Good authority states 
that the hymn-book, which was published in 1790 for the use of the Chapel, 

' Discourse, p. 17. See, also, Greenwood's History of King's ChapeL 
Vol. XXVII. 11* 

118 " CoL Joscj^h May, [-^pi'il? 

was the joint work of the two friends. Their intercourse continued until Dr. 
F.'s death, which occurred in 1835, at Newton, where he had lived retired, 
but not secluded from friends, since 182G. A like friendship existed between 
him and the Kev. Samuel Gary, and afterwards with the Rev. Dr. Green- 
wood, who were successively colleague-pastors with Dr. Freeman. In the 
preface to his History of King's Chapel, Dr. Greenwood speaks of the aid 
he had received in it from his friend. Col. Joseph May, witii his thanks. 

Mr. May was junior warden of the Chapel, 1793 to 1795; was again 
chosen, 1798, and continued in office uninterruptedly until 182G. "It was 
mainly through his persevering applications that the ancient records and 
registers of the Chapel were obtained from the heirs of Dr. Caner, in Eng- 
land, in 1805 ; and his high estimation of the value of such documents, and 
particular attention to their preservation and regular continuance, are abun- 
dantly justified by the fixct, that since the recovery of these records and reg- 
isters, property to a large amount has been secured, through their means 
and evidence, to the rightful possessors." (Greenwood's Discourse.) 

A quite faithful portrait of Col. May, by Gilbert Stuart, is now in j^os- 
session of a grandson, John Edward May, of Cambridge. 

His children, who survived infancy, were as follows : Catharine, b. 1786 ; 
m. to Dr. Charles W. Windship, of Roxbury, 1808; d. 1815. The late 
Dr. Charles May Windship was their only child. — Charles, b. 1788; m. 
Caroline M. Gove, of Lynn, 1845; d. 185G. — Louisa, b. 1792; m. Samuel 
Greele, of Boston (a deacon of Dr. Channing's Church), 1823; d. 1828. — 
Edward, b. 1795 ; d. 1802. An interesting story of the manner and cir- 
cumstances of this lad's death is related in the Memoir of Rev. Samuel J. 
May, just issued from the press of Roberts Brothers, of this city. — Samuel 
Joseph, b. 1797; m. Lucretia F. Coffin, of Boston, 1825 ; d. 1871. (See 
Memoir, just named.) — Elizabeth Sewall, b. 1798; m. Benjamin "Willis, of 
Portland, 1817; d. 1822. — Abigail, b. 1800; m. ximos Bronson Alcott, 
1830. Mrs. Alcott is the only survivor of his children. 

Of his grandchildren it may not be improper to say that Hamilton Wil- 
lis, Esq., of this city, is thought to resemble him very closely in personal 
appearance ; and that the easy style of narrative, pleasant humor, and apt- 
ness at personal sketches, of Miss Louisa May Alcott, the author of " Lit- 
tle Women," &c., are a legitimate inheritance, and to some a frequent re- 
minder of her grandfather. 

His son, the late Rev. Samuel J. May, wrote of him : " When I brought 
to him my last college-bill, receipted, he folded it with an emphatic pressure 
of his hand, saying ' My son, I am rejoiced that you have gotten through ; 
and that I have been able to affiord you the advantages you have enjoyed. 
If you liave been faithful, you must now be possessed of an education that 
will enable you to go anywhere ; stand up among your fellow-men, and by 
serving them in one department of usefulness or another, make yourself 
worthy of a comfortable livelihood, if no more. If you have not improved 
your advantages, or should be hereafter slothful, I thank God that I have 
not pro[)erty to leave you, that will hold you up in a place among men, 
wliere you will not deserve to stand.' " 

His wife died in 1825. Of a family distinguished in our annals for private 
worth and public service, she stood inferior to none of them for generous 
qualities and a life of utter uusellishness. 

In October, 1820, Col. jNIay was married to INIrs. Mary Ann Cary, widow 
of the Rev. Samuel Cary, who was assistant-minister of King's Chapel, 
1809-1815. More than twelve years they lived together, contributing to 

1873.] Col Josej)h May, * 119 

each other's happiness. In 1835, they removed from Federal court to tho 
house on Washington street, corner of Oak street, built by Otis Everett, 
Esq., and recently occupied by Moses Kimball, Esq. There Mrs. May died 
in 1839 ; and there, faithfully cared for by his adopted daughter (now the 
wife of George Wm. Bond, Esq.), he himself died on the 27th of February, 

A notice of him which appeared in the Daily Advertiser, and which was 
understood to be from William Minot, Esq., has the following : 

" His occupations in business were laborious and incessant ; yet by untir- 
ing industry, strict method, and economy of time, he made leisure for 
works of charity, and was enabled, in very many instances, to aid those 
whoso ignorance or inexperience in affairs had involved them in perplexi- 
ties and embarrassments, from which their own skill was insufficient to 
release them. He rescued many orphan children from poverty, educated 
and brought them into life ; and very few men in our city bave, according to 
their means, bestowed so much money in acts of beneficence and on objects 
of public utility. This he accomplished with a small and limited income, 
by a wise and judicious frugality ; and, what is quite as remarkable, he was 
able to restrict his wants within the limits of his means, and never regretted 
what he could not obtain. He was an encouraging example to persons of 
moderate fortune, by proving that wealth and fashion are not essential to 
the highest respectability, and that a man who is not rich has within his 
reach advantages infinitely superior to riches." 

His habits of method and order were exact, but he was never the slave 
of them, and valued them only as they enabled him to use time to greater 
advantage, but which might always be set aside to meet a case of need. A 
sister jokingly said of him that his penknife was once lost for several days 
because it had got into the other waistcoat pocket. " My dear," he is re- 
membered to have said, " if you want a thing done, go to a man who has a 
great deal to do." 

We are favored in being able to give the following letter : 

My Dear Friend, — Jamaica Plain, January 30, 1873. 

The face and form of your venerable uncle, Col. Jo. May, are 
inseparably connected with my first reminiscences of King's Chapel. 
When, as a very little boy, I stood up on the cushioned seat of the 
minister's pew, and contemplated the congregation, no more conspicuous 
face than his impressed itself on my young imagination. In the pews 
around were such men as Mr. Stackpole (who afterwards went to Kentucky 
and died there), Mr. Joseph Coolidge the elder and Mr. tloseph Coolidge, Jr., 
Dr. Bulfinch, Mr. Storer, Daniel Davis, William Minot, Francis J. Oliver, 
William Sullivan, Thomas Motley, Charles P. Curtis, Samuel A. Eliot, 
James Dalton, and others. But very noticeable among these was Col. May, 
with his massive square head, and manly figure — his breeches, his grey stock- 
ings shov/ing the muscular limbs of which he was justly proud — the knee- 
buckles and shoe-buckles of a gentleman of the old style. Every Sunday, 
before the service began. Col. May was seen issuing from the vestry door, and 
passing behind the pulpit down to his own pew — a performance which, to 
my innocent mind, seemed a necessary part of the ritual. When in his 
pew he read the responses so audibly, that, when at last he was obliged to 
suspend this practice from increasing deafness, it seemed as if an essential 
element of the worship had been taken away. Col. May was a frequent 

120 * Col. Joseph May, [^prH; 

Tisitor at Dr. Freeman's house, and many an evening I have sat, with my 
Latin grammar and its lesson for to-morrow neglected on my knees, while 
I listened to the memorable narrations of the eloquent Colonel. Tapping his 
snuff-box ere he helped himself to a pinch, or caressing his right leg as it 
lay on the other knee, he would tell of many a moving accident by flood and 
field, many an adventure on State street, or in the distant wilds of New- 
Hampshire, to which we children did seriously incline. But, through all his 
conversation, whatever might be the subject, there prevailed a tone of up- 
rightness, of courage, of love of truth, which captivated our young hearts. 
We always welcomed a visit from Col. May. It was very pleasant to see 
him and his friend, my grandfather Freeman, together. They had stood by 
each other in their youth, and were growing old together, in one long 
unbroken friendship, — such a friendship as comes far too seldom in this 
world ; but, when it does come, is an encouragement to faith in all the bet- 
ter qualities of human nature. In commemoration of this friendship I have 
hung Col. May's portrait and my grandfather's together, in the room where 
I preserve the pictures of my family. 

Very truly yours, 

James Freeman Clarke. 

From a letter of George B. Emerson, Esq., we make this extract : 

" I was in the habit for many years, while in college and afterwards, of 
going to his house in Federal court, and often spent a night there. The 
good man was an early riser, and usually took a walk before breakfiist, and 
was respectfully recognized by almost every person he met. Yet he said 
that he knew very few of them, even by name ; but every body knew him 
as a most kind and benevolent man. . . . Much of the evening would 
be spent in conversation ; he told pleasant, often witty anecdotes, and 
heartily enjoyed the mirth and good feelings which his conversation always 
produced. He listened with patience and evident sympathy and satisfaction 
to what was said by others, and!helped to make a poor talker more communi- 
cative than otherwise he could have been. The music of the household was 
almost the sweetest I ever heard. Indeed I never enjoyed music more 
entirely than I did then and there the rich harmony of this exquisite fami- 
ly-choir. It is now, like the music of carols, ' sweet and mournful to the 
soul.' " 

And one, whose knowledge of him was intimate and daily for almost 
thirty years, says : " Not that he had no faults ; ' fiiultless people are lifeless,' 
Miss Sedgwick says ; but he had so learned to command a spirit that must 
once have been extremely fierj", that he had sympatliy for the erring, clear 
words for the bewildered, and love for every body but the false and the selfish. 
He had a sovereign contempt for appearances as a motive of action ; for 
every thing worth doing there was always to him a deeper reason. He was 
accustomed to give his thoughts, oftentimes his advice, in neat quotations 
from his favorite authors (Pope and Goldsmith particularly), or from the 
Bible. . . . Whatever he entered into, it was with all his heart. He 
never joined a society or an enterprise without taking some of the hardest 
work ; and he persevered the longest under discouragements. His fiivor- 
ite work was caring for others at home and abroad. . . . The friends 
of his cliildron were welcome to his house, sick or well, the ailing or lonely 
classmate, the wearied teaclier, young people in search of employment, old 
and tiresome people, each and all were kindly received, and stayed as long 
as they desired. The whole family caught and inherited the same spirit 

1873.] Officers in Battle of BunJcers Hill 121 

from both sides of the house ; nothing could be more noble than the soul 
of the mother, modest, refined, unselfish. The opportunity to do a good 
action was a privilege, not to be lost, — and in some way, cost what it would, 
in labor or inconvenience, the work was done." And he possessed the 
faculty of moving others to charitable and benevolent action, and gladly 
became their almoner when it was desired. 

Some benefit by munificent gifts, by noteworthy contributions to great 
public needs. Colonel May could do nothing of this, but by the sunshine 
of his nature, by the uprightness of his life, by the vigor of his thought, by 
the winning tones of his musical voice, by the protecting strength of his friend- 
ship, he succored many needy and bereaved, saved many young and tempt- 
ed, wiped away the tears of orphans and found or gave them a home, and 
diffused hope, light and cheerfulness wherever he went. " Content with 
life and happy at its end" (as it was written of him), he passed onward 
gladly and trustingly, giving to all who ever knew him a new sense of the 
dignity and value of a human life. 


(BREED'S) HILL, JUNE 17, 1775 
(Not Named in Frothingham's "Siege of Boston," Second Edition). 


Communicated by Charles H. Morse, Esq., of Washington, D. C. 

Benjamin Brown, Capt. in Col. William Prescott'e regiment. 

Isaac Brown, Lieutenant do. do. in Abijah Wyman's Co. 

William Pearley, Captain in Col. James Frye's regiment. 

Nathan Wells, Lieut, in do. do. Capt. John Currier's Co. 

Joshua Reed, do. do. do. Jonas Richardson's do. 

John Harnden, Capt. Col. Ebenr. Bridge's regiment. 

J. Bridge, Quarter Master of do. ' 

Joseph Roby, Captain in Col. Moses Little's regm't. 

Jonathan Holman, do. Col. Ephraim Doolittle's do. 

Jacob Miller, do. do. do. 

Asahel Wheeler, do. do. do. 

Mark Cresey, Ensign in Capt.' John Baker, Jr.'s co. of Col. Doolittle's reg't. 

Benjamin Bowne, Capt. in Col. Thomas Gardner's reg't. 

Thomas Drury, do. do. do. 

Job Sumner, Lieut. do. do. Capt. Moses Draper's Co. 

Peter Hobart, do. do. do. do. Benj. Bowne's Co. 

Jonathan Ward, Lt.-Col. of Ward's regiment. 

Eliakim Smith, Capt. in do. 

James Mellen, do. do. 

Elihu Lyman, Lieut. do. 

William Winchester, do. do. in Capt. Josiah Fay's company. 

Nodiah \7arren, do. do. do. Eliakim Smith's do. 

Lemuel Trescott, Capt. in Col. Jona. Brewer's reg't. 

Moses Harney, do. do. 

Nathaniel Cushing, Lieut. do. in Capt. Lemuel Trescott's company. 

John Clarke, do. do. do. Moses Harney's do. 

Joshua Leland, do. do. do. Joseph Stebbius's do. 

Josiah Wilson, do. do. do. Isaac Gray's do. 

Joseph Butler, Captain Col. John Nixon's reg't. 

William Smith, do. do. do. 

Jonathan Holman, do. Col. Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge's reg't. 

122 Letter from Harvard College, 1795. [-^P^il; 

Asa Barnes, Captain in Col. Benjamin Ruggles "Woodbridge's Reg't. 

Richard Montague, do. do. 

{Stephen Pearl, do. do. 

William Meacham, do. do. 

Edward Crafts, do. do. 

William Smith, Lieut. do. in Capt. David Cowden's Co. 

Robert Hamilton, do. do. John Cowl's Co. 

E, Warner, do. do. John King's Co. 

Samuel Trevett, Captain Col. R. Gridley's Re^^iment. 

John Popkin, do. do. do. 

Thomas Foster, do. do. do. 

John W. Edes, Lieut. do. do. in John Popkins's Co. 

David Briant, do. do. do. do. do. 

Josiah Lyman, do, do. do. do. do. 

Jonathan Simonds, do. do. do. Thomas Foster's Co. 

Richard Woodward, Lieut, in Col. Richard Gridley's Regt. Capt. Samuel Gridley's Co. 

Joseph Loring, Ensign or Capt. do. do. 

Daniel Ingersol, Jr., do. do. do, do. 

Communicated by J. Wingate Thobnton, Esq. 

Dear Sir : Cambridge, June 9tk, 1795. 

Examination is three weeks from to-day. We are very much hurried 
having to attend the philosophical lectures, and to revise our studies. The 
junior examination is considered by far the hardest of any, — it consists in 
Algebra, Geometry, Plain Scale, Trigonometry both plain and oblique, 
Conic Section and Surveying, French, Latin and Greek, Locke on the 
human understanding, Euclid, Enfield's philosophy, Belles-lettres and history 
ancient and modern. By this list you must suppose that any one, who is 
ambitious to pass a good examination, must be employed. In addition to 
the above task, the government have chosen me to deliver a Latin oration 
at the next exhibition. I shall visit you at Llampton before that time, but 
not before examination. The parts for exhibition are : — 

1. Salutatory oration in Latin per Toppan. 

2. A Forensic upon this question whether the thinking ) per Bender 

principle in man be the ellect of bodily organization ) & Dana 2*^ 

3. Oi'ation in Greek per Clap 

4. Dialogue English | Tjenks' 

5. Oration Hebrew per Hatch 

C. Oration English l)er Kendall. 

& excellent musick between. I am &c. Edmund TorPAN. 


re ^ -in June 9 paid 

Superscribed I t, , ^ 
^ '- -" l3oston 

Hon''^ Christopher Toppan Esq*" 
To be left at Ilainj)- ILampton 

ton Falls New-Hampshire. 

NoTK. — 'roi)pan. Bender and Dana graduated in 179C; Bates, Clap, Jenks, 
Ilatcli and Kendall in 17!>7. 
Jotham Bender died in 1800. The Rev. Samuel Dana was born in Ipswich, May 

1873.] Princess Subscribers, 123 

7, 1778, settled over First Church in Marblehead, Oct. 7, 1801. He died in 1864. 
Daniel Bates died in 1799. 

Elisha Clap, son of Samuel and Rebecca (Dexter) Clap, was born in Dorchester, 
June 25, 1776 ; tutor of Greek in II. C, 1801-3 ; called to settle as pastor of a church 
in Fitchburg, but declined ; principal of Sandwich Academy ; taught in Boston 
many years ; married, in 1825, Mary, eldest daughter of the Hon. Robert Treat 
Paine ; died Oct. 22, 1830 ; wife died Feb. 27, 1842 {ante, xv. 231). 

The Rev. William Jenks, D.D. (B. C. 1825), (H. C. 1842;, LL.D. (B. C. 1862), 
was born in Newton, Mass., Nov. 25, 1778 ; d. Boston, Nov. 13, 1866 ; teacher ; reader 
in Christ Church, Cambridge ; ordained in Bath, Me., Dec. 26, 1805; dismissed 
Sept. 10, 1823. From 1815 to 1823, prof, of English and Oriental Literature in 
Bo wd. Coll. Opened private school, Boston, in 1818; founded Seamen's Bethel. 
Oct. 25, to Oct. 1, 1845, pastor of Congregational Society in Green st. ; wrote his 
Comprehensive Com. on Bible ; 120,000 copies sold. Author of Explanatory Bible 
Atlas and Scrip. Gaz., 4to, 1849 ; Anniversary Address before Am. Antiq. Society, 
Oct. 21, 1863, and of occasional sermons and discourses. One of the founders of the 
American Oriental Society ; member of many literary, historical and religious 
bodies. (Sec Drakc^s Die.) 

The Rev. Nymphfls Hatch died in 1850. 

The Rev. James Kendall, D.D., was born in Stirling, Nov. 3, 1769 ; died in Ply- 
mouth, March 17, 1859; tutor in Greek in H. C. 1798-9 (ante, vol. xiii. 278-9). 



Commumcated by "William II. WniTMORE, A.M. 
Continued from vol. xxiii. page 340. 

Mr. Nathanael Thayer. 

He was connected by marriage with the Elliots. Plis ancestor was 
Richard^ Thayer, of Boston, who, says Savage, probably brought from 
England sons Richard, Cornelius, Nathaniel and Zechariah. His son 
Richard, Jr., was of Braintree and had a large family, of whom Nathaniel 
was born Jan. 1, 1658. One Nathaniel,^ of Boston, had a child born in 
1G71, and may therefore be identified with the son of Richard.^ Nathaniel^ 

Thayer, of Boston, married Deborah , and had Nathaniel, born 

Aug. 28, 1681 ; Zachariah, born May 29, 1683; Cornelius, born Nov. 14, 
1684; John, born April 2, 1687; John, born July 2, 1688; Ebenezer, born 
Feb. 1, 1689-90; Deborah, b. Oct. 14, 1691, and possibly others. 

Cornelius^ Thayer, son of Nathaniel,^ by wife Lydia, had Lydia, born 
March 6, 1707; Nathaniel, born July 17, 1710; Samuel, born Dec. 30, 

1712 ; Deborah, born Jan. 27, 1714 ; Cornelius, born ; and Turell, born 

March 13, 1725. 

Nathaniel^ Thayer, son of Cornelius,^ was the subscriber. He 
married Ruth Elliot, May 8, 1733, and had Ebenezer, born July 16, 1734; 
Nathaniel, born April 27, 1736; Katherine, born June 7, 1737; and 
Nathaniel, born Jan. 27, 1738-9. 

Of these the Rev. Ebenezer* Thayer was the minister in Hampton, N. H., 
father of the Rev. Nathaniel^ Thayer, of Lancaster, Mass., whose sons 
were John-Elliot,"^ Nathaniel,^ and the Rev. Christopher-Toppan'^ Thayer, 
well-known citizens of Boston, 

Edward Arnold, of Duxbury, Esq. 

AVe learn from Winsor's History only that he was born March 20, 1680, 
being the son of Capt. Seth Arnold, and grandson of the Rev. Samuel 

124 Prince's Subscribers. L^pril, 

Arnold, of INFarsbfield. Edward Arnold married, Oct. 8, 170G, Mary 
Brewster, and had Ezra, July 30, 1707. We are sorry not to be able to 
explain whence he derived the title of Esquire. 

The Hon. Theophilus Burril, of Lynn, Esq. 

He was a member of a distinguished family, but dying young and proba- 
bly unmarried, little is in print concerning him. He was born May 21, 
1709, one of the two children of the Hon. Ebenezer Burrill, of Lynn. His 
uncle, the Hon. John Burrill, was a member of the council and speaker of 
the house. Theophilus was made a justice of the common pleas in Essex, 
June 21, 1733, and died July 4, 1737. 

William Brattle, of Cambridge, Esq. 

This was the well-known general and member of the council. He was 
bapt. April 21, 170G; H. C. 1722; married Katherine Saltonstall, and died 
a refugee in Halifax, in October, 1776. See the admirable Brattle Genea- 
logy, by Edward D. Harris, Boston, 1867. 

Robert Hale, of Beverly, Esq. 

He was born Feb. 12, 1702-3 ; H. C. 1721, and died in 1767. He was 
a physician, but was better known as Col. Hale. A full account of him is 
given in Stone's History of Beverly, Boston, 1843. 

The Rev. Mr. Nathaniel Henchman, of Lynn. 

A good account of him is given in Lewis and Newhall's History of Lynn 
(Boston, 1865), p. 332-3. He was b. Nov. 22, 1700, and d. Dec. 23, 1761. 

Stephen Chase, A.M. 

He was of H. C. 1728 ; was ordained at Lynnfield in 1731, and at New- 
castle in 1750, where he died in January, 1778. His son Stephen, Jr., 
married Mary Frost, a granddaughter of the first William Pepperrell, and 
was the father of Theodore Chase, a well-known merchant of Boston. The 
family has been traced to Thomas Chase, of Chesham, co. Bucks, Eng., 
being there in 1740. See Heraldic Journal, iv. 153-167. 

Eliot Family. In tracing the Boston Eliots, we have found a few individuals 
who seem not to be connected with the main families, and we therefore record the 
data for other investigators. 

1. Joseph Eliot, of Boston, by wife Sarah, had Joseph, b. July 10, 1698, and 
Benjamin, b. May 23, 1700. 

2. Capt. John Eliot, by wife Maria, had John, b. Feb. 25, 1714 ; Bartholomew, 
b. June 1, 1716 ; Maria, b. May 5, 1718 ; and John, b. June 5, 1721. His wife d. 
Sept. 21, 1721, aged 27 y. 11 m. 8 d. He d. June 9, 1727, aged 32. 

3. AViLLiAM Eliot, by wife Isabella, had Isabella, b. Sept. 22, 1716. 

4. John Eliot, m. Martha Clark, Apr. 13, 1725, had a son Clark, b. Dec. 26, 1732. 

5. Joseph Eliot, by wife Elizabeth, had Elizabeth, b. Sept. 21, 1728. 

6. Simon Eliot, by wife Jane, had Margaret, who d. May 10, 1752, aged 17. 
Simon d. Jan. 7, 1761, aged 49. 

7. Adm. of estate of John Eliot, tinplate worker, was granted June 26, 1727, 

to his widow Sarah, who m. second, Dolbear. In 1729 Wm. Downes was 

guardian of the children, Rebecca, a^ed 7, and John, a^ed 5. 

8. Adm. of estate of ^VILLIAM Eliot, of Annapolis Royal, granted Nov. 9, 
1711, to his cousin Walter Eliot. 

9. Joseph Eliot, m. Mary Bowdcn, March 1, 1721. Joseph Eliot m. Esther 
Curtis, May 20, 1731. Henry Eliot m. Mercy Lee, May 2G, 1742. 

10. Jonx Eliot, of Windsor, Conn., will April 18, 1710, mentions wife Mary, 
son John, and daus. Mary, Anne, Elizabeth and Sarah. 

1873.] William Claiborne. 125 


The following: paper was prepared and read by Stephen M. Allen, Esq., before tbe 
New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, at their request, at the monthly 
meeting, Dec. 4, 1872. A copy was requested for publication in the Register. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

In the paper I read you to-day, I present what is intended to be some 
condensed but fiiir inferences, drawn from the unpublished manuscript 
writings and notes of the late Sebastian Ferris Streeter, of Baltimore, upon 
Claiborne's Rebellion. You are probably well aware of the untiring and 
zealous efforts of Mr. Streeter, while secretary of the Maryland Historical 
Society, to correct many errors that Ijad crept into the ])ublic histories 
of early colonial times, particularly those of Maryland and Virginia. 

Born in Weare, N. XL, July 7, 1810, graduating at Harvard College in 
1831, Mr. Streeter soon after became sub-master of the Boston Latin 
School, but removed to Richmond, Ya., in 1835, and finally to Baltimore, 
Md., the following year, where he remained till his decease, Aug. 23, 1864. 
He was one of the originators of the IMaryland Historical Society, and the 
recording secretary from its organization till his decease.^ 

During this period his manuscript notes and writings were immense, and 
with the assistance of his wife, who sympathized with him very deeply in his 
historical researches, collections were made and written out, which in bulk 
and historical value are seldom equalled, by gleaners of such truths, who do 
not intend them for immediate publication and pecuniary profit. In the 
beginning of the war with the southern states in 18 GO, he took a decided) 
stand as a union man, taking an active part in all the measures for the aidl 
and support of the government. 

His death was the result of exposure and fotigue incurred while attending 
to the needs of the soldiers before Petersburg, Ya., 18G4. He was buried- 
with military honors, and the loyal citizens of Baltimore, desirous of 
showing their appreciation of his disinterested patriotism, erected a monu- 
ment to his memory, having requested the family to allow^ his remains to be 
interred there, the scene of his labors, instead of removing them to Boston 
as was intended. 

Mrs. Streeter has kindly permitted me to examine many of these manu- 
scripts, and from the notes of " Claiborne's Rebellion " I have written out 
the following thoughts and conclusions, which though, no doubt, very 
imperfect, may be of some service to investigators till the whole woi'k of 
Mr. Streeter shall be published. 

Centuries are good sieves for separating historical events, and time with 
its ceaseless but ever-balancing tread, measures very accurately and with 
almost unerring scales, the diiference between right and wrong, honor and 
dishonor, and the truths and falsities attaching to the acts of public men. 
Each nationality in the world's history has its own system of equation, and 
time must clear away the mists of prejudice and misapprehension. In the 
compass of our own history, two hundred years seems to have been a great 
purifier of both the moral and political atmosphere ; for names that have 
been handed down to us through that period seem now to carry a clearer 
conviction to the mind of the historian than at any time either previous to 

* For a sketch of the life of Mr. Streeter, see Register, vol. xix. p. 91. —[Editor.] 
YoL. XXYII. 12 

126 William Claiborne. [April, 

or sncceedino- their actual movement in the ci'eat drama of life. The 
settlements of the different American colonies perpetuated the different 
characteristics of the men who primarily populated each, location, and the 
result is perceptible, even at the present day. The settlements at both 
Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay have ever maintained their individual 
characteristics, and Manhattan Island proves not an exception, while the 
colonies in Virginia and Maryland evince an equally strong identity. 
Jamestown and her descendants show not only the motives and objects of 
her first settlers to-day, but the influence of the first mothers ; wliile the 
Chesapeake Bay settlements in Marjdand, still, in many respects, indicate 
the original characteristics of Lord Baltimore and his colonists. 

A striking resemblance also exists in the character of some of the leaders 
in these primitive settlements, and many of the experiences of William 
Claiborne were like those of Myles Standish, the faithful engineer, financial 
agent and brave military leader of the Pl^'-mouth colony. Both of these 
leading pioneers served their respective people many years,»and died in the 

The influences of both settlements have ever been deeply felt in the 
subsequent history of our common country, and the people of the north 
naturally feel that the country has just reason to be proud of the distinct 
legacies from the first settlers of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bays. Mr. 
Streeter was fully sensible of the prevalence of this feeling at home, and 
from it, no doubt, borrowed some inspiration for his noble and almost 
single-handed defence of Claiborne. Among the earlier records of Mar}^- 
land, the well-known history of the Rev. William McSherry denounces the 
unfortunate Claiborne in the strongest terms ; and the opinion of many 
other authors seems based upon that estimate of his character. Mr. 
McSherry had translated the journal of one Father White, a Jesuit of 
Lord Baltimore's colony, from the Latin, as found in the archives of the 
Jesuit college in Rome, and perhaps its influence gave some coloring to his 
own ideas. In the hand of one of these most devoted adherents of the 
Romish church, it is little wonder that his pen drew such an unreal picture 
of an offender, one of whose crimes was heresy. Hence the voice of 
execration has for years been raised to traduce the motives of Captain 
Claiborne, and throw contempt upon his name. In the manuscript copies 
of The Life and Colonial Times of William Claiborne, left us by Mr. 
Streeter, a new view is presented us, evidently the result of careful, 
impartial investigation, and becomes a most keen weapon to combat the 
now-existing prejudices of the literary public. The first mention of Capt. 
William Claiborne, that we know of, is on his coming to Virginia in the 
party of Sir Francis Wyatt, when he was appointed by King James I. 
surveyor of the new country, in 1G21. The fact of his receiving the 
appointment is prima facie evidence of his good reputation and social 
position, though we cannot discover to what family he belonged. Two 
families in England, — Cleburne in Yorkshire, and Cliburne in Westmore- 
land, bear the same arms, and, we infer, are of the same stock. His own 
signature is invariably spelled Claiborne, though McSherry and several of 
the older writers give several styles of orthography. 

Claiborne, becoming a resident of Virginia, seems to have done little 
public labor during this year, except that he engaged with the ''well 
disposed gentlemen " who went to fight the Indians, who were so trouble- 
some for some years that it was difficult to carry out any permanent plans 
of public imjirovemcnt. The capricious character of James I., his 

1873.] William Claiborne. 127 

determination that at home tliere should be ^' hut one doctrine, one 
discii)line, one religion," to which all mnst conform, or be harried ont of 
the land, or worse, toi^ether with his combined avarice and extravagance, 
created a feeling of luirest in the colonics even beyond what wonld have 
existed through the pressure of their own domestic ditricnlties ; and except 
at Plymouth, where the wdiole idea centred in "religious liberty," i\-\v 
permanent plans were made by the colonists that succeeded, during the 
reign of this conceited pedant. The motive in the settlement at Plymouth 
formed an exception to all other settlements ; and this brouglit together a 
ditlerent people with corresponding results. James rather encouraged the 
motive of speculation by some of the restless adventurers, who were 
constantly annoying him at home, and reconmiended their departure, either 
to Virginia or to the Orinoco, under th(; advice of Sir "Walter Paleigh, 
caring but little to which place they started, ])rovided th<' {JrosjH-cts of gold 
and tobacco were a good and sure return for loss of citizens valueless to his 
own private exchetiuer. He early learned that his I^ook of Crowns, 
consisting of one hundred and forty-one articles, was too arrogant for all to 
subscribe to, and the fifteen hundred non-conformist clergymen in Pmgland 
were quite enough to attend to, if he left off' some of the dissolute and 
worthless younger branches of the nobility who might possibly send hack 
goldl and other prcxhicts of the new world, if permitted to emigrate, but 
who would be of no use at home. 

Whatever the military ca[)acity of Capt. Clailiorne may have been, it is 
certain that his associations were of a very different type from those of 
Myles Standish, and his battles were not so decisive or effective. It wns 
not till after the death of James, and the accession of Charles I., in 1625, 
that Ca])t. Claiborne made very extended ex])lorations, although his charter 
from that monarch, as read and understood at the present day, was ample to 
cover all ]m ever claimed under it, and completely underrode in perpetual, 
legal and Cipiitable force, that of Lord lialtimore subsequently signed by 
the fickle king, and under which his lordshij) claimed the Isle of Kent, 
which eventually gave rise to the quarrel between iMaryland and Virginia, 
and Lord Baltimore and Capt. Claiborne, on the subject. During 1('>27, 
'28, '29, the commissions from the governor of Virginia " authorized 
Claiborne to make explorations in Chesapeake Lay or anywhere from the 
o4th to the 41st degrees of north latitude. By application to Sir William 
Alexander, the king's Scottish secretary, he had obtained the necessary 
license and a command to the governor (Harvey) of Vii-ginia to allow his 
freedom of trade. He made peace and established trade with the Indians, 
and opened trading-houses upon the Isle of Kent. Later, it appears, he 
applied to Gov. Harvey for a license to trade with the Dutch on the 
adjoining plantations. This was granted in March, 1631, and this license 
speaks of him in the most flattering terms. The traffic thus opened became 
considerably successful. In 1G28, while Dr. John Pott was acting, 
temporarily, as governor, George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, a favorite of 
James I., visited Virginia. Being a Romanist, he refused to take the 
'"oath of supremacy" which would be required if he settled there, and 
returned to England to obtain from Charles I. a grant of the country 
afterward called Maryland, — representing to the king, when asking the 
favor, that he supposed it peopled solely by Aborigines and wonld prefer it 
to his previously-attempted settlement in Newfoundland (commenced under 
the favor of James I.). He intended to call the new grant Crescentia, but 
by the king's request named it Maryland, in honor of Henrietta Maria. 

128 William Claiborne, [k^xW, 

At about, or perhaps exactly the same time of his return to Eugland, 
Claiborne went also to ask some fiivor of the king to upbuild his fortunes, 
his efforts, so far, in Virginia having resulted more favorably to public than 
private benefits. 

Mr. Streeter compares the two voyagers thus : " Lord Baltimore is about 
fifty years of age ; Claiborne by several years his junior. The former, to 
the training of the court, and the discipline of a severe diplomatic school, 
unites the coolness and calculation born of years of experience and trial ; 
the latter, 3'et young and ardent, has learned in the emergencies of 
adventurous life to think quickly and act v/ith promptness and resolution. 
Both have earned the confidence of their superiors, and the one holds the 
same station under the colonial government, which the other occupied for 
years in the service of the late king." Hitherto Claiborne's course had 
been much more prosperous, since Lord Baltimore had been much incon- 
venienced by the unproductiveness and discomforts of Newfoundland. 

The king, feeling obliged to adhere to the established precedent, refused 
to allow Lord Baltimore any more latitude as to right of citizenship in 
Virginia, and he was compelled to devise some further expedient. Mean- 
time Claiborne interested the English people in his schemes of colonization, 
and two London merchants formed a partnership with him ; and Sir Wm. 
Alexander agreed to commence a Nova Scotia trade with them as soon as 
they were established, and gained for them a license " to trade in any 
community whatever " and " make any voyages or discoveries." 

In 1G32, Lord Baltimore died, and his son, Cecilius Calvert, attempted to 
carry out his father's plans, and assumed jurisdiction over the Isle of Kent, 
owned by Claiborne under a previous grant. The Virginia people became 
indignant that their territory was to be granted away, and petitioned, in 
1G33, to Charles, the king then reigning. The matter was referred to the 
king's council. They agreed that Lord Baltimore should meet .tiie planters 
of Virginia and confer with them. This was done, and a friendly ending of 
the controversy resulted, though jurisdiction was not conceded. Historians 
generally seem to think that if the personal interests of the planters were 
intact, they had no further interest, except that the increase of colonization 
was for their advantage. Bozman says, quite inconsistently, of the council : 
"they acknowledged the justice of the claim of the planters;" and yet 
afterward says : " in every point of view, the transfer appears judicious and 

Lord Baltimore delegated his brother, Leonard Calvert, to be governor 
of Maryland, where the latter arrived in 1634. For a year after Calvert's 
arrival the colony lived in peace ; but Claiborne, being falsely accused of 
stirring up the nations to hostility. Gov. Calvert ordered his arrest, should 
he refuse to submit to the government. A vessel, owned by Claiborne and 
called the " Longtail," was seized and taken by Lord Baltimore's men, and 
he prepared, for battle, an armed pinnace manned by fourteen men. The 
government at St. Mary's fitted out two pinnaces, in command of Thomas 
Cornwaleys, Esq., and in the spring of 1G35 the forces met; in which one 
of the two rivers on the eastern shore of the province, histories do not 
agree in relating. Each party stated that the other first commenced 
liostilities. Says INIr. Streeter: "If the smoke of the conflict had not 
cleared away sufliciently to enable the grand jury of that day to ascertain 
})recisely the place and date of this unfortunate transaction, it will appear 
the less strange if the mists of intervening time render it somewhat 
iutlistinct to our vision. Still we can see enough through the cloud which 

1873.] William Claiborne. 129 

misapprehension and misrepresentation have thrown around the whole 
airuir, to be able to form a definite opinion as to the origin of the diiliculty 
and the facts connected with it." 

Claiborne's boat and men were captured. Thomas Smith, second in 
command, was afterward tried, condemned and executed, by authority of 
the assembly, for his complicity in it. Claiborne fled to Virginia, and soon 
after went to England. Bozman says that Gov. Harvey sent him, as a 
criminal, to be tried. Campbell infers, from the silence of Chalmers on the 
subject, that he went voluntarily. McSherry mentions his never being 
brought to trial there ; in proof of which he refers to Claiborne's boldly 
maintaining his claim to the Isle of Kent and its dependencies, and accusing 
the proprietary's oflicers with assaulting his pinnaces and slaughtering his 
men, and asking the crown to continue to him a monopoly of the Isle of 
Kent, with his station at the mouth of the Susquehannah, and thirty-six 
miles each side the river, fi'om the bay to the Canada kkes, &c., in 
accordance with his previous license. 

The petition referred the commissioners of the council for the plantations, 
met the reply, that " The lands in question (between Claiborne and the 
proprietary) belonged absolutely to Lord Baltimore, under and by the 
second grant, and that no trade with the Indians could be carried on there 
without his consent, and that with regard to the violences complained of, no 
cause for any relief appeared, but that both parties should be left to the 
ordinary course of justice." Further than this, the hostility of Claiborne 
was justly aroused when Gov. Calvert appointed Capt. George Evelyn 
proprietor and commander of the Isle of Kent. 

In 1G38, "the court for testamentary cases," composed of the governor 
and council of Maryland, met at St. Mary's : two of the indictments then 
made, interest us ; the first, to ascertain if William Claiborne took any part 
in aiding the attack on Gov. Calvert's boats ; the second, charging the 
aforesaid Thomas Smith with the murder of AVm. Ashmore, who died of a 
shot fi]'ed from Claiborne's boat, and charging Claiborne with complicity in 
the matter. No capital punishment was allowed by the then-existing 
provincial laws, and trial on the indictments was postponed to the next 

During Claiborne's absence in England the Isle of Kent became 
insubordinate, and Gov. Calvert proceeded to quell it by military force, 
and deputed his secretary, Mr. John Lewger, to convene an assembly there. 
Their first act was to pass a bill of attainder against Claiborne, forfeiting 
his property to the lord proprietor ; the second was the indictment of 
Thomas Smith, and his condemnation and sentence ; and so strong and 
ungenerous was their prejudice that they even denied him the benefit of 

In 1G44, Gov. Calvert having been in England, returned to find his 
colony in a sad condition. 

"It is evident," says Mr. Streeter, "that a strong sympathy had existed 
in the province with the revolutionary movement in England against 
Charles I. and his ministry. =^ =^ * It has been said that the ideas of 
important epochs pervade the very air and infect the minds of all who 
breathe it. This simultaneous action of two deliberative bodies, separated 
by a wide ocean, w^ould seem to indicate that the infection is not always 
confined to the nation in which such ideas originate. 

"All agencies indeed seem spontaneously set at work to communicate the 
grand impulse to other and distant nations, when the mind of a people is 

Vol. XXVII. 12* 

130 William Claiborne, [^P^'^l; 

intensely agitated with the evohition and application of principles essential 
to its own progress and that of the race, &c. The acts of parliament in 
relation to the powers of the king, and those of the assembly in regard to 
the rights of the proprietary and his officers, not only singularly corresponded 
in sentiment, but were nearly co-incident in point of time." Shortly after 
Calvert's return he called the freemen and burgesses together, and his 
proclamation gives us to suppose that affairs were in what he considered a 
very unsafe condition. Among those in the provinces who at this time 
freed themselves from their allegiance to the king and declared for parlia- 
ment, w^as Cai^t. Claiborne. With his name are mentioned those of Capt. 
Samuel Matthews, one of the council, and Richard Bennet, afterward 
governor of the province, under Cromwell. Some, w^ho impugn the motives 
of Claiborne, say that at this time he seized the Isle of Kent by armed 
force ; but this cannot be authentically proved. 

In February, 1644-5, Calvert's assembly convened at St. Mary's. Hardly 
had a single act been passed w^hen Richard Ingle, followed by fifty men, 
broke into the meeting, made the governor a prisoner, took possession of 
the great seal and the public records ; thus revolutionizing the province. 

Some suppose that the governor was kept a prisoner, but more that he 
escaped and sought refuge in Virginia. Ultimately the guilty parties were 
tried and banished, which shows, Mr. Streeter argues, that the parliamentary 
powers in England were aware of the state of affairs in Maryland. The 
name of Claiborne has been for years associated with this event, but Mr. 
Streeter proves that he was absent at the time in Virginia, and at James 
City ; where his name is among the first of the list of persons present at an 
assembly there, three days before, and in the intervening time his return 
would have been impossible. And further, "all the acts and commissions 
afterward promulgated by the assembly and by Lord Baltimore, without 
exception, name Ingle alone as the leader of the rebellion. And, also, the 
words of Cromwell's commissioners, " Kent Island which is Capt. Clai- 
borne's," are very singular if he was one of the insurrectionists. 

Owing to the abduction of the records by Ingle, much of the history of 
Maryland, for ten years, is very imperfect. 

The appointment of Gov. Hill by the lord proprietary, soon after this, 
shows a diminution of power for the rebels. Ingle, who had formerly been 
proclaimed a traitor and his goods confiscated by Gov. Brent, now loaded a 
ship with what he considered the equivalent of his property, " and quitted 
the scene of his struggles and partial success." Gov. Calvert, by a judicious 
attack, became again commander of Maryland, and later of the Isle of 
Ivent, and succeeded in subduing the inhabitants ; and so, " two years after 
the time of his expulsion from the province. Gov. Calvert was again in 
possession of the seat of government in Maryland." He treated the 
insurrectionists with clemency, pardoning such as submitted, and attaching 
the property of such as had fled from the island ; appointing Robert 
Vaughan its commander. In June, 1G47, Gov. Calvert deceased. He 
appointed in his place, Thomas Green ; but this gentlemen was deposed by 
the lord proprietary in fjxvor of Mr. Wm. Stone, a Virginia planter and a 
friend of parliament ; and also a council of Protestants was appointed. 

Mr. Streeter believes the reason for his appointment was to conciliate 
the Marylanders, and not, as stated, because he flavored immigration. He 
required, as directed, the oath of fidelity to Lord Baltimore in the strictest 
forip. Power was delegated to liini to grant pardons, except the annulling 
of any form of laws or acts against Claiborne, which, says the commission, 

1873.] William Claiborne. 131 

"wc will have to still continue in full force and virtue, anything to the 
contrary in anywise notwithstanding." 

King Charles, although he had endeavored to profit hy if not wholly 
control and monopolize the colonial trade, was not successful, and Maryland 
and Virginia hotli carried on an illicit trade with the Dutch. 

In IGoO, after the execution of Charles I., parliament, then in power, 
undertook to put a stop to this, and after due deliberation of the council of 
state, five commissioners were a])p()inted: from Great Britain, Cai)t. Kobert 
Dennis, ]\Ir. Thomas Stagge and Capt. Edmund Curtis ; and from Virginia, 
]Mr. Richard Bennet and Col. Wm. Claiborne, — to reduce A'irginia and the 
inhabitants thereof to their due obedience to the commonwealth of England. 
Bozman says that Maryland was mentioned also, but the word erased, as 
Gov. Stone's goodwill to parliament was well known ; but that Bennet and 
Claiborne contrived to insert it afterward. Curtis arrived in Virginia in 
1652; the other two of the English deputation were lost on the pas-sage. 

Col. Claiborne was holding the office of treasurer of Virginia, from which 
he was shortly deposed by King Charles in favor of a royalist, Col. 
Norwood, by whose assistance Gov. lierkcley endeavored to keep Virginia 
loyal to the king. 

Mr. Streeter believes that neither Bennet nor Claiborne were present at 
the erasing of the name of Maryland from the commission, as is supposed 
by some, not believing that, considering their position, "they would have 
permitted Lord Baltimore, who at best occupied a doubtful position, to 
carry his point before the committee, if, as has been often insinuated, they 
had their own personal aims and enmities to answer in the form and 
purpose of the instructions ;" if the account of Lord Baltimore's friend, 
Langford, be true, "the instructions had no reference to Maryland." 

Furthermore, as Mr. Streeter believes, Claiborne was not aware of his 
appointment until the English commission arrived in the province. The 
reduction of the province was accomplished with nothing more than a slight 
show of resistance. Official arrangements were made, ])lacing the power in 
the hands of the commissioners: so "the direction of affairs was placed in 
the hands of those wdio had so long suffered obloquy and reproach for their 
political opinions." In the spring of lGo2, at an assembly in James City, 
Bennet was elected governor and Claiborne secretary of Virginia, with a 
new council. 

The commissioners sent a report of their proceedings, by Capt. Curtis, to 
England, where they were presented to parliament ; at the same time a 
remonstrance was received from Lord Baltimore, and divers planters and 
traders of Maryland, complaining of certain aggravations concerning 
boundaries, and the reduction of a province "which had rather shown favor 
than illwill to the cause of parliament." (Mr. Streeter considers it another 
proof of Bennet and Claiborne not having originated this scheme, that Sir 
"VVm. Berkeley had, only a year before, possessed himself of Palmer's 
Island, in the face of Lord Baltimore's claims.) 

The council, who had the subject under advisement four months, reported 
in 1G52. Being evidently favorable to the Virginians, they did nothing 
calculated to affect Maryland's charter. They stated the facts of the 
settling of Virginia and the granting of Maryland ; that before the date of 
said patent, Kentish Island was planted and inhabited by Claiborne, three 
years previous to Baltimore's arrival, and sent burgesses to the assembly of 
James City ; that Virginians had free trade with the Indians in Chesapeake 
Bay ; that in 1633, upon the arrival of Lord Baltimore's agents, their 

132 William Claiborne* [^^pril> 

trade was prohibited, &c., detailing the particulars of the capture of 
Claiborne's vessel, the fight that ensued, and his flight to England, and 
Lord Baltimore's retention of the trade in the bay. Having further 
particularized objections to Lord Baltimore's charter, they referred the 
house to his answers of the same, so that v;e do not know how their 
expectations were met. The last article alludes to Bennet and Claiborne 
as being "sent thither," and charges the governor and council with refusing 
their requisitions on plea of oaths to the lord proprietary. 

The confused state of parliament admitted no debate on his report. In 
1653, Cromwell convened the new parliament, which finally resigned its 
power into his hands. 

Affairs progressed favorably in Virginia for a while. Bennet and Claiborne, 
feeling that their presence was required in Maryland, went thither; knowing 
that Gov. Stone wished to resume his office and the peo2)le desired him to 
do so, they issued a proclamation re-installing him and his former council. 
The latter promised subjection to the commissioners, reserving their oaths 
to Lord Baltimore until the pleasure of the " State of England " could be 
known. The last act in the proclamation related to a treaty with the 
Susqueliannock Indians, and Bennet and three others were chosen to 
negotiate with them. Of the latter number Claiborne was not one, perhaps 
because it would involve a longer absence of both officers from Virginia, or 
from delicacy on his part because of the disputed proprietorship of 

In July, 1652, under the commonwealth, the English and Indians made 
a treaty in whose first article is said, " the Isle of Kent and Palmer's 
Island, which belong to Capt. Claiborne ; and building there is forbidden, 
except for trade or any such like or occasion." 

Mr. Streeter supposes this to have been inserted through Bennet's 
influence ; and the people being independents, originally Virginians, and 
opposed to Lord Baltimore, were ready to thus defy his authority. In 
December, 1652, Gov. Stone put forth an order, charging Capt. Vaughan, 
commander of Kent, with others, with abusing the power given them, and 
curtailing their authority. So, at the same time that the English committee 
had struck at the authority of Lord Baltimore, the American officers had 
also defied his requisitions. Gov. Stone, for nearly a year, had no advice 
from Lord Baltimore, as the Dutch war caused delay in sending such, and 
therefore postponed the general court to January, 1654. In November, 
1652, Gov. Bennet called an assembly in Virginia. Its last act was to give 
Col. Claiborne and Henry Fleet, and their associates, the privilege of 
fourteen years' trade in places west and south where no English had been 
or traded before. We have no details of the prosperity of this trade. In 
a treaty made shortly after, with the chief of the Pannmkey Indians, he 
agreed to cede the south side of the York and Bamunkey rivers to Col. 
Claiborne. Tlie latter, having long before relin(|uished all idea of ever 
repossessing himself of his ohl settlement, named the new, in memory of it, 
New-Kent ; procured the legal establishment of it as a county ; and finally 
became a resident there. In July, 1653, we read of the confiscation of the 
cargo of a Scottish ship for some violation of acts of parliament, and that 
Col. Claiborne was given a considerable portion of the funds accruing, in 
consideration of his services to the country in the matter. During the 
summer of 1653, Col. JMatthews went to England to report for the 
connnissioners, Bennet and Claiborne, and to urge the claims of Virginia, 
considering the article of surrender, which pledged a restoration of certain 

1873.] William Claiborne, 133 

former bounds, a charter against those who had entrenched upon them, and 
asking a discontinuance of Lord Baltimore's powers. 

The so-called Barebones Parliament was in session; the business was 
presented to the committee on petitions and opposed by Lord Baltimore. 
Reports of the result differ. Lord Baltimore's friends state that it was 
abruptly dismissed ; but the report made agreed nearly with the petition. 
In December, the parliament dissolved, and for a time the subject was 

In February, 1 653, Gov. Stone received instructions, dated nearly a year 
previous, in response, from the lord proprietary, to his statements that the 
new settlers objected to taking the proprietary's oath, &c. The people, 
divided in their allegiance to Baltimore and to the parliament, had asked 
the guidance of the council of state. No reply was received, excepting a 
sharp rebuke from Lord Baltimore. Notwithstanding, he made some 
concessions, but demanded their taking oath, paying taxes, &c., before a 
certain time should have elapsed. The Marylanders, disconcerted at this, 
appealed to Bennet and Claiborne. Soon after their petition was sent to 
Virginia, Gov. Stone called on the people of Maryland to comply with the 
requisitions of Lord Baltimore ; and the latter ordered the former to resume 
writs given in the proprietary's name, at the same time acknowledging 
obedience to the commonwealth of England. The commissioners replied 
to the Marylanders that no authority allowed the peoj^le to recede from 
their act of submission, &c. 

The news of Cromwell's accession to the protectorship arrived in 1654, 
and a new instrument had to be adopted, whose articles disqualified for 
office those who had served against the parliament, and all Romanists. 
Gov. Stone was obliged to recognize the new power, which was done by 
public ceremony. May, 1654. In July, following, Gov. Stone accused the 
commissioners of being in rebellion and exciting the people thereto ; and 
they afterward meeting him in a conference, Gov. Stone finally resigned. 

Bennet and Claiborne called upon Ilatton, the secretary of Maryland, to 
deliver the records to Mr. Wm. Durand. So, for the second time, the 
power was taken from Lord Baltimore by power of the supreme authority 
of England. Far from exalting themselves, or taking any advantage of 
their position to acquire further benefits, the commissioners made use only 
of their specified powers, and, though personally opposed to Lord Baltimore, 
carefully carried out the instructions transmitted to them. Capt. Fuller 
being appointed by them to the authority of Maryland, they returned to 
their official stations in Virginia. The burgesses of Maryland, shortly 
after, passed an act freeing themselves from the proprietary's oath. About 
this time, at the burgesses' assembly in Virginia, the county of New-Kent 
was represented for the first time. 

In January, 1654-5, Lord Baltimore wrote to Gov. Stone, taunting him 
with cowardice and ordering him to take the commissioners prisoners; 
which, otherwise, would be done by Capt. Luke Barber, then on his way 
from England. Stone, encouraged by this, made a bold effort to regain his 
power ; seized the records and carried them to St. Mary's ; but on 
endeavoring to establish himself by military force, was wounded and taken 
a prisoner by Capt. Fuller's men. 

Cromwell, soon after, addressed a letter to Gov. Bennet desiring his 
non-interference with the civil affairs of Maryland, although, as he afterward 
stated, he had no intention of abridging the rights of the commissioners. 
In 1655, Edward Diggs was elected governor of Virginia, and Col. 

134 ' William Claiborne. [^P^i^; 

Claiborne secretary. In the same year, Lord Baltimore made complaint 
to Cromwell of the infringement of his rights, which Gov. Bennet denied, 
by going to England and defending himself, first to Cromwell, and afterward, 
in connection with Col. Matthews, publishing a pamphlet detailing the 
whole case to the people. The lord protector gave his support to the 
commissioners in a letter addressed to the government of Virginia. But 
Col. Claiborne never availed himself of any privileges which might have 
resulted from the countenance of Cromwell. From this time his connection 
with public life in Maryland ceased ; and he continued the duties of his 
station in Virginia. In 1657-8 he was re-elected secretary of state. On 
Cromwell's death, in 1657-8, his son Richard succeeded him; the latter 
convened a parliament which dissolved in April, and on the same day an 
assembly was held at James City. By its action, Claiborne was chosen to 
continue in office "till next assembly, or until his Ilighness's j^leasure be 
further signified to us." As the enactment reads : " Whereas the office of 
Secretarie is a place of great trust," we see the confidence of the assembly 
in Col. Claiborne, after his long continued association with the province of 
Virginia ; and this is sufficient evidence that his years of devotion to the 
interests of the colony were appreciated. In 1660, almost immediately 
after the accession of Charles II. to the throne, he appointed Sir "Wm. 
Berkeley, governor; Major Norwood, treasurer; and Thomas Ludwell, Esq., 
secretary of Virginia. 

In 1663-4 Claiborne, we learn, was present at an assembly in James 
City, as a delegate from New-Kent ; although removed from superior office, 
he seems still to have retained the esteem of the people in the county he 
had founded. Both colonies were now in an unfortunate state. Disputes 
between them were severe, and in Virginia complaints of taxation, &c., and 
frequent depredations from the savages were making much disturbance. 
Col. Claiborne returned from the assembly to be obliged to assist in 
preparation for war. For the several years following, the struggles with the 
Indians were no slight trial, but from Col. Claiborne's former successful 
experience with the savages he was a most able adviser to the English. 

In 1675-6 a garrison, partly from Gloucester and partly from the lower 
part of New-Kent, was placed in command of Col. Wm. Claiborne, Jr. 
The failure of the attempts made during the well known Bacon's rebellion, 
to change the minds of the Virginians, shows the high appreciation in 
which both father and son were held not to be diminished. In April, 1677, 
after the crushing of this rebellion, the assembly of Virginia offered to 
King Charles a justification of Sir Wm. Berkeley, and stated in an address 
several ways in which they considered themselves injured, one of which 
particularly interests us : "that the Island of Kent in Maryland, granted 
to, seated and planted by Col. Claiborne, Sen., formerly a limbe and member 
of Virginia (as may appear by our records, they having sent delegates to 
this assembly and divers other Indian proofs and evidences), is since lopt 
off and deteyned from us by Lord Baltimore." 

Fifty years had elapsed since the settlement ; long since had its lawful 
proprietor ceased to urge his right of ownership ; and here was the highest 
official power of Virginia enlisted to revive his claim and renew the old 
feud, but with a fairer view of the question than had formerly been taken. 
At that time the eldest son of the late Cecilius, Lord Baltimore, was in 
London, settling his father's estates and answering before the crown for 
com])l:iints recently made of the civil and religious state of Maryland. His 
lordship gave slight heed to the comfort of the Virginians ; the latter 

1873.] Genealogical Notes and Errata, 135 

considered the proximity of the independent plantations, Maryland and 
Carolina, injurious to themselves ; and the commissioners sharing this 
feeling, petitioned to the king that the power of jurisdiction and government 
might be restored to the crown, &c. 

In connection with these events is the last mention of the name of Col. 
Claiborne in the political records of Virginia. As a peaceful day for the 
colony began to dawn, he retired from public life and devoted himself to his 
property in New-Kent, and there passed the remainder of his life. The 
exact period or place of his death is not recorded. It is said that there 
was a tablet to his memory in Jamestown's oldest church, — long since 
crumbled to dust. 

In the elegant language of his gifted biographer, Mr. Streeter, tliis paper 
is appropriately closed: "The hand of prejudice, prompted by personal 
subservience, traced on the tablet of history an inscription as unjust to the 
character and actions of the deceased as unbecoming the dignity of the 
historic muse. It has been reserved for an -humble intpiirer and a lover of 
the truth to erase the undeserved censure, and to erect a new cenotaph 
whicli displays the name of Claiborne as worthy of honor and respect, and 
which ranks him who planted it in this country as a man of whom his 
descendants have reason to be proud, — one of the earliest pioneers of 
civilization ; the first actual settler of the territory of Maryland, and among 
tlie most active and prominent citizens in the early colonial days of 
Virginia ; and one of the most remarkable men of his time." 


Communicated by Mrs. Caroline H. Dall. 

Genealogical science stands at this disadvantage. AYhen an error has 
been discovered, there seems no way of recording it, for the benefit of 
others, so that there shall be no possibility that any future student may be 
misled, by a wrong base, a wrong figure, or a worn-out tradition. 
Genealogical registers themselves, teem with long refuted assertions, and 
every inquirer has to begin at the beginning and work his way through the 

I have for a long time thought of suggesting to this journal the propriety 
of publishing a couple of loose pages or more, quarterly, upon which, under 
the head of errata, old mistakes might be corrected and references might be 
given, and these pages, easily detached, might in time constitute an 
invaluable volume. 

A great deal of matter would accumulate if those who are in the habit 
of using Savage's Dictionary would check the errors they detect, and 
forward them to the editor to be ranged under such a head. 

No Q'enealocfist should be over-sensitive in such a matter. His work is 
of a kind that requires many auditors. Let him be never so careful, yet if 
he is human, he must now and then lose the thread of the old story, or may 
at any absorbed moment permit the misprint of a numeral, — which he 
knows so well, that he will instinctively read it right, however it is printed. 

I wish now to draw attention to a few items, some of them errors, some 

136 Genealogical Notes and Errata. \_k])vi\j 

of them discoveries which may be of value to other students, and which I 
have encountered at different times during tlie last few years. 

Francis, Richard. Mr. Savage speaks of Richard Francis as once of 
Dorchester. The records of that town contain no allusion to any Francis 
who was a married man. At the age of 39, Richard is found in Cambridge, 
married to Alice (probably Wilcockes), in the year 1644. He had no sou 
Richard in Cambridge. If he had a son by an early marriage in England, 
it might have been such a S07i Richard, who, living in Dorchester in 1661, 
signed a 2:)ctition for the continuance of religious liberties after the 
restoration of the Stuarts. In 1669 the constables were ordered to look 
after sixteen young men, who could not prove an " orderly living." First 
on the list was Richard Francis, of Dorchester. This orderly living might 
be translated "constant employment." If a man remained unmarried he 
was a legitimate object of public concern. Savage gives an unmarried 
Richard Francis in Northampton in 1675. He "came from the East," and 
was clerk of Turner's company in King Philip's war. He wrote a very 
good hand, and if he was Richard, of Dorchester, would have been then 38 
years old. 

Richard Francis, of Cambridge, is afterward registered in Medford, and 
his will is proved in Boston. This does not prove that he changed his 
residence. William Heley, recorded first in Roxbury and then in Cambridge, 
seems to have lived, from the first, in Newton, near to what we now call 
Brook Farm. I have instances of families registered in Ipswich in 1638; 
in Rowley, 1660; Boxford, 1680, and Andover, 1700, who do not seem to 
have left the land they first settled on, in all that time. 

Whittingham, John. This person, who married the sister of Hubbard, 
the historian, was in Ipswich at a very early date. Even Savage is found 
asserting that he was the son of Baruch, a posthumous child of the 
translator of the Geneva bible, and his wife Katharine, sister of John Calvin. 

Surtees gives a careful pedigree of the Whittinghams, and another may 
be found in the publications of the Camden society. 

No such person as Baruch is known, nor did John Calvin ever have a 
sister Katharine. John Calvin married a widow, Idolette Storder nee 
DeBures. Idolette had a sister Katharine, daughter of Louis Jacqueman, 
of Orleans, heiress, in her mother's right, to the Lords of Turvyle and 
Gouteron. It was she who became the wife of William Whittingham, 
dean of Durham. The dean left two sons. Sir Timothy and Daniel, — the 
first the oldest, the other probably the youngest of a family of six children. 
Daniel, born Nov. 12, 1571, was living in 1590, and received estates under 
his mother's will in Kingsgate, Durham, which were probably those which 
the American family inherited. He was not married at that time, and is 
lost sight of in Durham. It must have been his son John who came with 
his mother to Ipswich, and did a man's duty there in 1640. 

In the Rogers memoranda, in the fifth volume of the Register, there 
is a confusion, easily cleared up, concerning the wife of the Rev. John 
Rogers. \\\ January, 1687, John Rogers, farmer, was married in Ipswich 
to a Mrs. Martha Smith. Children were born to this pair many years 
after the Rev. John Rogers married INIartha Whittingham ; and his name is 
always entered j\Ir. J(jhn Rogers, farmer. 

The names of Whittingham and Hubbard have been left in inextricable 
confusion by all tlic early chroniclers. It was so common for two or more 
children of one family to receive the same name in baptism, that only a full 
record will dissipate the obscurity. This has been gleaned chiefly from the 

1873.] Genealogical Notes and Errata. 137 

probate court. William Hubbard, father of the historian, came to Massa- 
cliusetts in the Defence in 1635, with his wife Judith, and two daughters, 
Martha and Margaret. His other children were: John, aged 15 ; William, 
aged 13; Nathaniel, aged G ; Richard, aged 4. Hubbard removed from 
Ipswich to Boston in 1GG2, and died in 1G70. He is said to have sold his 
property in England for the advantage of the infant state, reserving only 
an income of £100 for himself and ftimily. 

About the same time, from Southerton, now Sutterton, in Lincolnshire, 
came Jolin Whittingham, who married Martha Hubbard ; and possibly a 
brother Thomas, who was lieutenant of the Ipswich company in 1G45. 

Their mother was the widow of Daniel Whittingham, the youngest of 
the six children left by William Whittingham, dean of Durham. 

Daniel was born Nov. 12, 1571 ; he was living in 1590 and unmarried, 
inheriting property under his mother's will. There is no record of his 
marriage or death in Durham, but it is possible both might be found in 
Southerton. It is he whom JMrs. Partinijton has chosen to record as 
Baruch, but why she should describe him as a posthumous child is best 
known to herself. 

John Whittingham married Martha, daughter of the first William 
Hubbard. Her sister Margaret was already married to Ezekiel Rogers, 
and Ezekiel's sister Marfjaret, the beloved daufjliter of the Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers, subsequently married his brother by that marriage, the Rev. Wm. 
Hubbard, the historian. 

John and Richard died unmarried in England, where they went to look 
after property, perhaps at Tendring Hundred in Essex. 

As Nathaniel is never mentioned after his arrival, he probably died 

William Hubbard, the historian, born in England in 1G22, graduated in 
the first class at Harvard in 1642. He was invited to the Ipswich pulpit 
in 1656, and soon after married. He died Sept. 25, 1704, at the age of 
83 ; having written more than any man in behalf of the colony, if we except 
Governor Winthrop, whose material he doubtless had leave to use as if it 
were his own. 

Of Margaret Rogers Hubbard we hear little. She devoted herself to 
her father in his last illness, and with his dying breath, the Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers blessed the three children of his only daughter. She had no 
children after 1655. 

John Whittingham, the sole survivor of his family, married Martha 
Hubbard, and they had: John, dead before 1653; Martha, Richard, William, 
Elizabeth and Judith. 

According to the testimony of their nephew Samuel Clarke, John, 
Richard, Elizabeth and Judith died without issue, and as John Whittingham 
himself died in 1649, his grandchildren seem never to have known his 
name, but to have taken it for granted that it was William. 

The sole surviving daughter, Martha, married the Hon. John Clarke, 
about 1667. This Clarke was the oldest son of the famous old surgeon, 
lumber merchant and cattle dealer, who had married Martha Saltonstall, 
and came from Newbury to Boston in 1651, a man who excelled in 
everything, from trepanning a skull and cutting for the stone, to inventing 
economical wood stoves. As this second John Clarke was not made a 
freeman of Boston till 1673, he may have been educated abroad, and. 
probablv came from Newbury to Boston. 

VoL."^xxvn. 13 

138 Genealogical Notes and Errata, [April; 

The ITon. Jolm Clarke married Martha, daughter of John AVhittingham 
and Martha Hubbard, about 16G7. They had: 

John, born 1GG8 ; 

William, born 1G70; married to Mary, dau. of "Wm. Whittingham ; 

Samuel, born 1G77, who wrote the Gordon and Hubbard legend, and 
inherited the Gordon tankard ; and 

Elizabeth, born 1G80; married first to a cousin "Hubbard" who was a 
mariner, and afterward the third wife of the Rev. Cotton Mather, who 
considered her "a great spoil!" In 1818 one of her descendants, Hannah 
Mather Crocker, dedicated to Hannah More some "Observations on the 
llights of Women," probably the first book on that much vexed topic ever 
printed in America. 

William Whittingham, brother of Martha Whittingham Clarke, married 
Mary, daughter of John Lawrence, who went from Ipswich to New- York 
in 16G2. By her he had at Rowley, near Ipswich : 

Martha, married March 4, 1691, to the Rev. John Rogers, of Ipswich; 

Mary, married first, to the Hon. Wm. Clark, of Boston, a cousin on the 
Whittingham side ; second, to the Hon. Gurdon Saltonstall, governor of 
Connecticut, a distant cousin of her first husband ; 

Elizabeth, married first, to the Hon. Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich ; second, 
to the Rev. Edward Payson, of Rowley ; 

Richard, graduated at Harvard in 1 G89 ; 

William, who died early in the West Indies. 

It ought to be said here, that few of the families coming to Massachusetts 
Bay could properly be called puritans. 

The Rogerses, Hubbards and Whittinghams were all what is called 
conformists, though some of them lived to repent of their conformity. 

Further corrections in reference to the families of Rogers and Wise, I 
defer to a future article, but wish to record an interesting discovery made 
by myself recently in Ipswich, which affords a confirmation of the entry 
found by Col. Chester on the Candler MS. (ante^ xxii. 47). Among the 
children of Nathaniel Rogers in this MS., Col. Chester finds this item: 

" Mary married to Wm. Ileley." 

When this item was published, hardly a descendant of William Ileley 
credited it. Nathaniel Rogers made no will proper, and no one knew that 
he ever had a daughter Mary. The Heley family had no associations with 
Ipswich. The item was doubted altogether. 

Recently, in making some family investigations in Ipswich, connected 
with the name of Symonds, I determined to read every line of the records 
till I exhausted them, and I came unexpectedly upon the following entries. 

Elizabeth Heley married Jonas Gregory, May 10, 1G72. 
Mary Heley married John Wood, May 1, 1G7G. 

It will be observed that the spelling of this name is the same as in the 
Candler MS. The family have not preserved it, either in this country or 
in England. 

These girls may Iiave been brought up by their grandfather. At all 
events they appear to have been married from their uncle's house, that of 
the Rev. John Rogers, afterward president of Harvard College. 

Although the descendants of William Heley, who bear his name, are 
now very fi^w, thei-e must be many persons interested in it, and as his 
various marriages have confusiMJ many investigations, I should like to 
conclude this article with an exhibit of recorded facts. 

1873.] Genealogical Notes and Errata. 139 

At some future time I wish to speak of the family registers ordered to 
be kept by the Massachusetts Company, and of some interesting matters 
relating to the posterity of Reginald Foster. 

"William Heley, b. 1G13, probably in Devonshire; m. first, Grace, dau. 
of Miles Ives, of Watertown, 1643, and had : — 
i. Hannah, bap. July 7, 1644. 
ii. Samuel, bap. Feb. 14, 1646 ; d. early. 
iii. Elizabeth, bap. Nov. 14, 1647. 

Grace (Ives) Ileley died in childbed, Nov. 8, 1649, and William 
Pleley m. second, Mary, dau. of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, in 1650, and had : 
iv. Sarah, bap. Feb. 2, 1651 ; d. Oct. 10, 1653. 
V. William, bap. July 11, 1652. 

He m. third, Grace, dau. of Nicholas Buttrice, 14. 8. 1653, and had : 

vi. Grace, b. 1654. 
vii. Mary, b. Nov. 4,1657. 
viii. Nathaniel, bap. Feb. 5, 1659. 
ix. Martha, bap. Sept. 9, 1660. 
He m. fourth, Phoebe, dau. of Bartholomew Greene, 15. 6. 1661, and had: 
X. Samuel, b. 16. 9. 1662. 
xi. Paul, b. April 3, 1664. 
xii. Mary, b. Oct. 29, 1665. 

He m. fifth, Nov. 29, 1677, widow Sarah Brown, of Hampton, the mother 
of the 3Iiss Sarah Brown, married by his son AVilliam in 1682. 

It will be seen that neither of the daughters married in Ipswich were 
the children of Mary Rogers. Nor does the circumstance that two Maries 
were born and named in 1657 and 1665, prove that either died. I shall 
at some time give some curious facts to show this. 

The date of Mary Rogers's death is not known. She appears on the 
records simply as " wife Mary." 

The elements of confusion in the above record are many ; but a copy of 
it may have this use — it may preach patience. 

Students who found children born to William and Grace in 1647, to 
William and Mary in 1651, and to William and Grace again in 1654, 
naturally enough thought that there were two William Heleys, a delusion 
which only the probate record has dispelled. 

Again, William Heley, 2d, who married Sarah Brown in Hampton in 
1682, returned to Cambridge, where he died in 1689, and his children by 
*' wife Sarah " have been imputed to William Heley, 1st, who died at the 
age of 70, in less than a year after his son's marriage. 

I expect to find the pedigree of William Hele among the descendants of 
William de la Hele of South Hele in Devonshire. 

He seems to have been an unfortunate man, perhaps an oldest son who 
had lost his inheritance in the civil wars. 

He was evidently admitted to the best families, yet it is not uncommon to 
find his name recorded in the wills of the period, as one to whom "that 
deat that is in his hand " is remitted. 

He was never very fortunate, but all his sons did well. 

In 1679, the county court of Middlesex, Mass., issued an order requiring 
certain statistical returns from the several towns. In the Cambridge return 
we find : — "30. 1 . 1 680. For English, our school dame is Good-Wife 
Heley at present but nine scholars." 



Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, [April, 

Continued from vol. xxvi. page 253. 
The Baptized — Page 246 — 

& moineth 
^2 (lav 












& & 














] ye of Indego Potter & of mary bis wife. 'Potter 

Laurence] y^ son of Joseph Dowfe & of mary his Dowfe 


Jonathan] y^ son of mf Andrew Belcher & of Belcher 

Hannali] ye daiight^ of Benjamin Fellops & Fellops 


Samuel] ye son of Thomas Hitt & Dorothe his wife Hitt 

Anne] ye daught^ of Thomas Cart^ & Esth*" his wife Carti": [ham 

r, -xi J T IFrothing- 

[two names omitted.] ky, i.j. ^ 

Hannah] ye daughf of m>* Samll Hunting & of Hunting 

[Hannah his wife 
Thomas] ye son of Thomas Ashby & of Mary his wife Ashby 
Anna] ye daught"^ of Jacob Hurd & Hurd 

Thomas] ye son of Jn" poor & of Elifabeth his wife Poor 
Jonathan] ye son of Solomon phips & of mary his Phips 

Hannah] ye wife of Jonathan Gary & Hannah his Gary 

William] ye son of William Jimifon & of Sarai his 

[space for two or three names.] 




Abigail] ye wife of Andrew Stimfon 

Jno] ye son of Sam'i Frothingham & of Ruth his'Frothing- 

[ wife. I [ham 

John] ye son of Nath'i Gary & of Elisabeth his wife. 1 Gary. 
Abigail] ye daught^ of Andrew Stimfon & Abigaif Stimfon 

[his wifej 
Robert] ye son of Robert Luist & of Rebeckah hisEuist. 


William] ye son of Zech Johnfon & of Elisabeth Johnfon. 

[his wife.j 
of Jacob Waifs & of Sarai his wife Waifs 
of Steven Godman & of EliiiibethjCodman 

[his wife' 
Katharine] ye daughf of mr John Blaney & of Sarai Blaney 

[his wifej 
Andrew] ye son of Andrew Stimfon & Abigail his, Stimfon. 

Rebeckah] ye daught^ of Enoch More & of Rebeckah' j\Iore. 

[his wife! 

yeare & monetli 









The Baptized — Page 247 — 

Miller] ye child of bro : Jofeph Frost & of Hannah 

his wife daughter of y<^^ 11'' mr Miller 
Mary] yc daught"^ of bro. Joseph Kettle & Hannah 

[his wife. 

Sarai] ye daughf of Jn" Walk^ & of Anna his wife 
Samuel] ye son of Jonathan Gary & Hannah his 

Thomas] son of Tho : Cliapman & Sarai his wife. 
Anna] y" daughter of Thomas & INfary Shejiard. 
Caleb] ye son of Jacob Green Jun'' tic Mary his wife 







1873.] Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown, 





























— Page 247 {concluded). — 

] ye daught"^ of Robr* Wallls & Susanna his 


Sarai] y^ daughf of m^* Zeehariah Long & Sarai 

[his wife 

Richard] yc daught'^ of Jno Knell & Elifabeth liis 

Hannah] y^ daughf* of Samuel Blunt & Anna hi; 

John] y6 son of John Ireland Sz Grace his wife. 
] y<' son of Will : Vine & Elifabeth his wife. 
] y^ daughf of Jofeph Kyall & niary his wife 
Sarai] y*^ daughf of Nath: Davis & INIary his wife. 
Lydia] y^ daughf of Jn". Kent & of Hannah his 

Hannah y« daughtr of Thomas Sheppard & Haunali 

[his wife 
Samuel] y^ son of william Wilfon &, his wife 

James] y*^ son of James Cappin & Hannah his wife. 
Thomas] y^son of m^Tho : Greaves & Sarai his wift 
Mary] ye daught^ of m^ Tho : Tuck & Eliflibeth hi^ 

Mary] y^ daughf of Jn^. Chamberlayn & Deborah 

[his wife 
Dudley] y^ son of Cap^ Jonathan "Wade & of 

[Deborah his wife 
Jotham] ye son of Paul Mavrick & his Avife 

Elifabeth] ye daughtr of Ju<'. Whittamore & Mary 

[his wife 

Martha] ye dauglit"- of Sam" Dowfe & of Faith his 


Samuel] ye son of Samuel Cutler & of Dorothv his 


Robert] ye son of Timothy Cutler & of Elifabeth 

[his wife. 

Elifabeth] ye daught^ of Solomon phips & mary his 

Robert] ye son of Jn". Melvyn & Hannah his wife 
Samuel] ye son of m^ Sam'^ phips & Katharine his 


WalHs : 


















[Heading lost.] 

Pace 248 — 

















Ebenezer] ye son of Pet^ Fowl & mary his wife 
Anna] ye daughf* of m^ Andrew Belcher & Sarai 

[his wife. 

william] ye son of william Johnfon & esther his wife. 
David] ye son of Stephen Walters & Sarai his wife 
Ebenezer] ye son of Jn^ Wilder & Hannah his 


Elifabeth] ye wife of Thomas Call, 
mary] ye daughf of Jn". Eades & Mary his wife, 
mary] ye daughf of m*" Tho : Lynd & Mary his wife. 
Timothy] ye son of Jn^. Cutler & Martha his wife. 
Robert] ye son of Thomas Rand & Sarai his wife. 
Sarai] ye daughf of Matthew Soley & Sarai his wife 
Sarai] ye daughf* of Will. Jiiiiifon & Sarai his wife. 
Susanna] ye daught"^ of Enoch more & Rebekah his 















Record-Boole of the First Church in Charlestown. [April, 



















& month 

84 I day 



— Page 248 (concluded) . — 
Ebenezer] y^ son of Jonathan Gary & Hannah his 


John] y^ son of John Bennet & lluth his wife. 
Samuel] y^ son of m^ Will Marfha & Lydia his wife. 
Jonathan] ye son of Thomas Call & Elifabeth his 

Benjamin] y^ son of Joseph Kettle & Hannah his 

Nicholas] y^ son of Isaac Johnfon & mary his wife. 
Hannah] y^ daughf of Thomas Af hby & mary his 

Eleazer] ) y« children of of Eleaz"" phillips & Anna 
Anna] ^ [his wife 

Henry] y^ son of Timothy phillips & mary his wife 
Mary] y^ daught^ of James Smith & mary his wife 
Mary] ye daughf of of Timothy phillips & Mar} 

[his wife 
Benjamin] y® son of Stephen Codman & Elifabeth 

[his wife. 
Richard] son of James Miller & Hannah his wife 
Mary] y® daught^ of Andrew Stimfon & Abigail 

[his wife. 
Joanna] y® daught^^ of Will Johnfon & & Sarai his 

Anne] y® daught^ of Thomas Hitt, & of Dorothy 

[his wife 
John] y® son of Robert Wallis & Sufanna his wife. 
Elifabeth] ye daught^* of Sam" Leman & Mary his 

Dorcas] ye daughter of m"^ Jacob Green Jun^ & 

[Mary his wife. 
Sarai] y^ daught^" of Zechariah Johnfon & Elifabeth 

[his wife 
Margaret] y^ daught^ of Will : Shief & Ruth his 

Robert] y® son of m^ Zechar : Long & Sarai his 

John] ye son of m^ Jn^. Blaney & Sarai his wife. 
Edward] ye son of Edward Loyd & Hannah his 

Bethiah] y^ daught^ of Jn^ Poor & Elifabeth his 


— Paire 249 — 







) Phillips 













Anna] the daughter of Thomas & mary Shepard jShepard. 
Abiel] the daught^ of Jn". Ireland & Grace his wife Ireland. 








Vincent] ye son of Thomas Garter & Esther his wife 

John] 1 

Jofeph] I p 

Tj • • n ^ y sons 

Beniamin] { ■^ r n t n c r jc 

T • xi T of G. Jn^. Smipfon & 

Jonathan] J y *,.-,,• ^ -^ 

Abigail] ) 

Sufanna > y^ daughters 

Deborah ) 

Jonathan] ye son of G. Jonathan Simpfon & Wait 

[his wife. 

Abigail his wife. 


I- Simpfon 

1873.] Record-Book i)f the First Church in Charlcsiown. 143 














Page 249 (concluded) . — 

Susanna] y^ daughter of G. John Damon & 

[Sufannah his wife 
Martha] y^ daughf of G* Peter Frotliingham & 

[Mary his wife 

[• This letter appears to bo written orer.] 

y^ sons 

y® daught^s 

of G. Nathaniel Kettle 
& Hannah his wife. 

of G. Jonath. Kettle & 
Abigail his wife. 




Jonathan] y^ son 
Anne ? ^ i i ^.v. 
Abigail ^>"^^"^'^^^'^% 
Thomas] y^ son of m*" Robert Luist & Rebekah hi:- 

Wait] ye daughter of G. Jonathan Simpfon & Wait 

[his wife 
]\Iary] y^ daught^^ of Sam^' Blunt & Anna his wife 
Grace] y^ daughf of m'' Nathan Haymau & of 

[Elilab^^ his wife 
Jofhua] ye son of Benjamin Fellops & 
Sufanna] y^ wife of G. Alexand"" Logyn. 
Alexander] ) y^ sons of Alexand*" & Susfanna 
John] \ [Logyn 

Sufanna] y*^ daughf of G.y Logyn by G. Jn". 
[Burrage her former husband. 
John] y^ son of G. Jacob Hurd & Anne his wife. 
Sarai] y^ daught^^ of G. Thomas Shepperd & 

[Hannah his wife 
Hannah] ye dauglit^ of G. Nathl' Frothingbam & 

[Mary his wife 
Thomas] y^ son of Aaron Way & Mary his wife, 

— Page 250, entirely blank. — 

















— Page 


The Names of such as were Baptized in the Church of 
Christ at Charles- Town. Since the Induction of 
me Charles Morton, w^'^ was November 5,*!^ 1686. 

John] ye son of William & Jamison 

peter] ye son of John & "^i" Mary Eades 

ye Daughter of Thomas & Elizabeth Call 

Daught^ of Thomas & Hannah (admitf^.* Welsh 

Adam] son of Jacob & (she member in full com ;) Walters 
Abigail :] Daughter of Isaak & Mary Johnson (she Johnson 

[in full coiii) 
Hephziba] Daughter of Stephen & (she admitted) Codman 

Timothy] S. Tymothy & phillips 

Elizabeth] D of James & Hannah [?] ^liller 

Mary] widdow (aged about 22 y^) Adams 

Abigail] the wife of John Soly (aged ) Soly 

Elizabeth] ye wife of Tho : (aged ) Bennet 

John. s. of Andrew & Stimson 

David, s. of & Luist 

Rebecca D of Nathaneel & Kettle 

Debora D ? ^ t? -i • n S Baker 

T7i;„„u^fi, -n ^ 01 Ruth widdow < t> , 

Elisabeth D ^ • two wids bi«tt«d. ^ Baker 

144 Gleanings, [April; 


Continued from vol. xxvi. page 404. 
64. . 

In 1870, a very handsome edition of these famous nursery rhymes was 
published by Hurd and Houghton, and in it appeared an essay seeking to 
prove that the title was given by the publisher of the first edition. 

It is a well-known fact that there was a family in Boston, named Ver- 
goose, a name often contracted into Goose. It is certain that in 1715 
Elizabeth Goose of this family married Thomas Fleet, and that her mother 
Elizabeth (Foster) Vergoose lived for many years after that date. The 
author of the essay cited, claims that this Elizabeth was the "Mother 
Goose " for whom the collection was named. 

He does this on the supposition that the first edition of the rhymes bore 
the following title : " Songs for the Nursery, or Mother Goose's Melodies 
for Children. Printed by T. Fleet, at his printing-house. Pudding Lane, 
1719. Price two coppers." If this title be correct we might well con- 
sider the case proved ; but here unfortunately a doubt occurs. So far as 
the above quoted Preface goes, it seems that a member of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, who died in 1859 (is the late Edward A. Crown- 
inshield the person meant?), found in 1856 an imperfect copy of the first 
edition in the library of the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester. 
He took a note of the title. After the death of this gentleman, the writer 
of the essay " G. A. R." caused a search to be made at Worcester, but did 
not succeed in finding the pamphlet, and we believe that it has never since 
been found. 

Under these circumstances, if the only witness to the existence of the 
book be the late Mr. Crowninshield, it is surely essential that we should 
have an exact copy of his memorandum. It may be that it was in the 
form above quoted, but if so the fact should be stated. 

It would hardly have been worth while, however, to write these lines to 
point out this evident flaw in the argument, had I not been able to give 
some new facts bearing on the same topic. 

In the account books of Daniel Henchman, the well known printer, now 
among the Hancock Papers in the library of the N. E. Historic, Genealo- 
gical Society, will be found the following items : 

Sales book, p. 17, 19, 23, &c. 

May 26, 1719. Edward Bromfield, 1 doz. Verses, I2d. 

June 9, 1719. Nich. Harford, 2 doz. Verses, 2*. 

July 3, 1719. Eleazer Russell, 200 Verses for Children, 125. 

Aug. 11, 1719. John Dennie, 10 doz. Verses, IO5. 

March 1, 1719-20. Benj. Gray, 12 doz. Verses for Children and 

otlier books, — 

April 15, 1720. John Edwards, 100 Verses for Children, 65. 

April 23, 1720. John and Chas. Caldwel, 16 doz. Verses, 65. 

I also find, July 13, 1719, Thomas Fleet credited by printing \m 

Primers, £2 5 0. 

1873.] Gleanings. 145 

It seems, then, that in 1710 Henchman had issued a pamphlet or sheet 
called " Verses for Cliildren," and that Fleet was engaged in printing for 
him another cheap sheet called the " Primer." Is it prohable that any 
hook with the supposed title of " Songs for the Nursery or Mother Goose's 
Melodies for Children " would be sold and described as " Verses for Chil- 
dren " ? Is it probable that Fleet would have issued a sheet of his own at 
the same time that he printed one for his employer, and that if he did, 
Henchman would have been content ? Does not the proved existence of 
Henchman's book render it most desirable that we should have an exact 
copy of Mr. Crowninshield's note, and does it not raise some doubt as to 
the existence of Fleet's pamphlet ? W. H. Whitmore. 

A recent memoir of Myles Standish, by John S. C. Abbott, suggests an 
inquiry into the Standish pedigree. In Myles Standish's will, as printed in 
the Register, v. 33G, is the following clause : "I give unto my son and 
heir aparent Allexander Standish, all my lands as heire apparent by lawful 
decent, in Ormistick, Bousconge, Wrightington, Maudsley, Newburrow, 
Cranston, and in the Isle of man, and given to mee as right heire by law- 
ful decent, but surreptitiously detained from me, my great grandfather 
being a 2°^*^ or younger brother from the house of Standish of Standish." 

Notwithstanding that the names above given are badly spelled or miscopied, 
it is evident that they are all the names of places in Lancashire, viz. : 
Ormskirk, Burscough (a part of Ormskirk), Wrightington (in Eccleston 
parish, niue miles from O.j, Mawdesly (in Croston parish eight miles from 
O.), Newburg (a place some six miles east of O.), and Croston. 

These parishes, Ormskirk, Eccleston and Croston, are in the hundred of 
Leyland, as is also the parish of Stanchsh in which is included Duxbury. 

It will be noticed, therefore, that Myles Standish did not claim the main 
estates of his family, but only some part, which w^e may presume would be 
a younger brother's portion. Mr. Abbott makes the astounding discovery 
about the Standishes, that " in the great controversy between the Catholics 
and Protestants there was a division in the family, part adhering to the 
ancient faith and part accepting the Protestant religion. Thus there arose 
as it were two families ; the Catholics who were of Standish Hall, and the 
Protestants who were of Duxbury Hall. Better authorities, however, say 
that Thurston de Standish was living in 1221, and that of his two grand- 
sons Jordan was of Standish Hall, and his brother Hugh was father of the 
lirst of the Duxbury Hall fomily. 

In the main line there was at Standish Hall, contemporary with our 
Captain Myles, Ralph Standish who died in 1G56. Ralph's father was 
Alexander, his grandfather was Edward, and his great-grandfather was 
Alexander Standish, who married in 1518. It is to be noted that Edward 
was " second son and eventual representative of Alexander." 

In the Duxbury Hall family the contemporary of Myles would be Thomas, 
whose three sons successively held the estate, the last one being father of 
Sir Richard Standish, hart., created so in 1G77. This Thomas was son of 
Alexander, grandson of Thomas, ^reat-grandson of James, gr.-gr.-grandson 
of Thomas who married in 1497. There is no intimation of any change 
in the order of descent in this family. 

It is certainly very strange that if Myles belonged to the family of Stand- 
ish of Standish, he should have named his settlement Duxbury in honor 
of the home of a different branch of the family. 

146 Will of Francis Champernoiin, [k'^vW^ 

It would seem more likely that Myles Standish belonged to some junior 
branch of either family (presumably of the Duxbury Hall line), and 
did not know when the two families separated. It is true that at the 
time when the great-grandfather of his contemporary succeeded to the 
Standish Hall estate, it was as a second son. Still the statement is explicit 
that Edward was the heir to his brother Ralph who died issueless, and that 
there were no younger sons. 

The account given in Burke's " Commoners," ii. 64, is very full, and men- 
tions many younger sons in various generations. But the very prominence 
of the family is a strong argument against any irregularity in the succession 
to the main estates. 

Instead therefore of Mr. Abbott's foolish statement that " it is probable 
that Myles Standish was the legal heir to all this property [Standish Hall 
and Duxbury Hall with an income of $500,000], and that by gross injustice 
he was defrauded of it," the case seems to be that Myles himself claimed 
some other estates and was probably ignorant of his own pedigree. 

In Winsor's History of Duxbury, p. 96-7, is an account of some searches 
made about 1846-7, by the descendants of Captain Standish, to trace and 
recover the property. The agent searched the records of the parish of 
Chorley in Lancashire from 1549 to 1652, and reported that they were all 
in good condition excepting the leaf containing the births for 1584 and 
1585, which seemed to have been intentionally obliterated. 

As it was thought that Myles was born in that year, this mutilation was 
considered as proof that he was the lawful heir and unjustly deprived of his 
property. So far as this report goes, it does not appear that any search 
was made at the places named in the Captain's will, nor any attempt made 
to trace any of the junior lines of the family. It might well repay any of 
the American Standishes to make a genealogical search in England ; but so 
long as they put forth claims void in law and in probability, they deprive 
themselves of the best sources of information, the family papers of the 
rightful heirs now in possession. W. H. Whitmore. 


Copied for the Register from the York County (Me.) Probate Records, vol. i. pp. 54-5, 

by N. J. Herrick, Esq., of Alfred, Me. 

In the name of God Amen I Francis Champernoun Gentleman. Inhabit- 
ant of y® Island commonly called by the name or Champernouns Island in 
y* Township of Kittery in y'^ Province of Maine in New-Enirland being 
weak of body but of Sound and perfect Memory doe make & ordaine this 
my last Will & Testament In manner & form following, vizt. — Imp^' I 
comit my Soul to God ho})ing by his mercy through y*' Merrits of Jesus 
Christ to enjoy life Etcrnall andiny body to y° eartii to be Decently buried 
in such manner as my Executrix hereafter named Shall think lit. And as 
for my teraporall Estate and goods with which it hath pleased God to En- 
dow me, after my Just Debts and Funeral Charges are i)aid I give & 
befpieath as followeth. Itm. I make ordain and constitute my welbcloved 
wife Mary Champcrnouue full and Sole Executrix of this my hist will & 

1873.] PVill of Francis Chamjiernotin. 147 

Item. I give bequeath & confirme unto my s*^ Executrix the one 
half part of y° s*^ Champernouns Island which I now possess to her my s^ 
Executrix for ever, which I have already given by Deed under my hand 
and Seal to my s^ Executrix. 

Item. I give and bequeath & confirm unto my Son in Law Humphrey 
Elliot & Elizabeth his now wife And their heirs forever the other part of 
my s'^ Island, which I have already given by Deed under my hand and Seal 
to y'' s'^ Humphrey & Elizabeth his wife. Item. I give and bequeath unto 
my Son in Law Robert Cutt, my daughter in Law Bridget Seriven my 
daughter in Law Mary Cutt and my daughter in Law Sarah Cutt, and to 
their heirs for ever all that part of three hundred acres of Land belonging 
unto me lying between Crockets neck and y^ land formerly belonging unto 
Hugh Gunnison on y^ Estern Side of Spruce Creek to be P^qually Devided 
between y° s^ Robert Bridget Mary & Sarah Except what I have not before 
the making of this my last will and Testament disposed of to any other 
person And also Excepting thirty acres of land in this my last will & 
Testament hereunder given to Elizabeth Small. 

Item. I give & bequeath unto Elizabeth Small my Servant maid and 
to her heirs for ever in behalf of what I formerly promised her. Thirty 
acres of Land at Spruce Creek which s'^ thirty acres of land part of y* 
afores^ three hundred acres, it is my will Shall be first laid out by my Exe- 
cutrix and my overseers hereunder named And also I do give and bequeath 
unto y^ s*^ Elizabeth Small ten pounds to be paid to her in Cattle & ten 
pounds in goods which is in Lieu of what I promised her. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my Son in Law Richard Cutt the Sum 
of five pounds to be paid by my s*^ Executrix. 

Item, in respect of y^ great affection that I bear unto my Grand Child 
Champernoun Eliot Son of Humphrey Elliot I doe by these presents adopt 
declare & make the s^ Champernoun Elliot my heire. Giving to him y^ s** 
Champernoun all y® Lands of Right Ijelonging unto me or that may belong 
unto me either in old England or in New England not by me already disposed 
of And doe by this my last Will and Testament appoint and constitute him y® 
s^ Champernoun my Executor of all my Estate that either is or may be of 
Right belonging or be due unto me in old England from any pson And 
y® same to have & enjoy to him y® s*^ Champernoun and his heires for ever. 

Item. I doe hereby Constitute Robert Mason Esq^ John Hincks, Esq^, 
Maj*" John Davis of York and Robert Elliot of Great Island Merchant my 
Loving Friends to be over seers of this my last Will and Testament and 
desire they may se the Same performed and be Assistant to my s'^ Exe- 

Lastly I doe declare and publish this to be my last Will & Testament 
Annulling and making void all former & other Wills and Testaments. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto put my hand and Seal this sixteenth 
day of Novemb' in y® year of our Lord God one thousand Six hundred & 
Eighty Six, Anoq' Reg. Regi* Jacobi Secundi Secundo.. 

Signed Sealed delivered and 
published to be the last will & 
Testament of Francis Champer- 
noun Gen* in y® pres*' of us : — 

AVilliam Milborn 

Edm. Gach 

Rob* Elliot. 

> Francis Champernoun [seal.] 

148 John Baldwin, of Stonington, and other John Baldwins. [April, 

Mr. William Milborn made oath this 28th of DecemV 1687 before John 
Ilincks one of his Ma*'^" Councill for his Territory and Dominion of New- 
England that this was the last will and Testam^ of CajD" Francis Cham- 
pernoun. John Hixcks. 

Province of Main. At his Ma"^' Inferior Court of comon Pleas held 
at Wells for this Province this 14th of March 1687 Mr. Robt. Elliot & 
Edmund Gage appeared before Joshua Scottow Esquire, Judge of y^ s^ Court 
for y^ s*^ Province and Mr. Sam^ Wheelwright and Capt. Francis Hook two 
of his Ma"* Justices of y^ Peace for y^ s*^ Province and made oath that they 
Saw y^ late Capt. Francis Champernoun Sign Seal & Proclaim y^ within 
written Will as on y^ other Side Expressd he y^ s^ Champernoun being of 
full & perfect understanding And that they set their hands to y° s"^ Instru- 

Francis Hook, Jus. Peace. Joshua Scottow, 

Sam'l Wheelavright, Jus. Peace. Thomas Scottow, Cler, 

Edmund Gage & Robt. Elliot Esqrs came before us this 20th day of Sept. 
and made oath they were present and Saw Capt. Francis Champernoun 
Sign, Seal & declare this Instrument to be his last Will & Testament. 

W. Barefoot, J. P. 

Thos. Grasport. 

A true copy of the original Will & probate thereof Transcribed & com- 
pared Aug. 18, 1698. Jos. Moulton, Register. 


Communicated by the Hon. John D. Baldwin, of "Worcester. 

The " Notes," by Mr. Charles C. Baldwin, "on the Ancestry of Sylvester 
Baldwin," in the July number of the Register, have great value because 
they are unusually trustworthy. I can say this with confidence, for I know 
something of the care and thoroughness with which his investigations were 

Had it been his purpose to give an account of Sylvester Baldwin's 
descendants, the same exacting and patient scrutiny of facts and state- 
ments professing to be facts, would have corrected a mistake which I find 
in the " Notes." While showing conclusively that John Baldwin of Ston- 
ington, was a son of Sylvester, the " Notes " say : this John Baldwin " mar- 
ried in New London, July 24, 1672, Rebecca Cheeseborough, widow, and 
had by her five children, the only son being Sylvester, born March 4, 1677." 
This is all that is told of his family by the New London and Stonington 
town records ; but the church and other records show that he had six 
children l)y liis wife Rebecca, two of them being sons. 

John Baldwin of Stonington died August, 1683. His youngest child, 
named Theopliilus (birth not mentioned in the town records), was born 
in that year ; and it is through this son only that he has descendants who 
bear the family name. His son John, by his first wife, died when about 
18 years old. The children by his wife Rebecca were : Rebecca, born in 

1873.] JoJiii Baldwhiy of Stoningtonj and other John Baldwins. 149 

1G73, Mary in 1G75, Sylvester in 1G77, Sarah in 1G79, Jane in 1C81, and 
Theopliilus in 1G8'3. Sylvester died in 1732, leaving no son and only two 
daughters. Jane was not living in 1G92, for, in that year, the mother had 
all her living children baptized in Stonington, including the son by her first 
husband, and the church record gives the names as follows : '* Elihu 
Chesebrougli, Sylvester Baldwin, Theopliilus Baldwin, and Rebecca, Mary, 
and Sarah Baldwin." 

Rebecca, the widowed mother of these children, died in 1713 ; she was 
a daughter of Walter Palmer, of New London. John Baldwin removed 
from Milford to New London in 1GG4; and from New London to Stoning- 
ton in 1G72, immediately after his second marriage, the reason for his 
settling in Stonington being the possession of a very large tract of land in 
the north part of that town. Most of this land was bequeathed to the son 
Theopliilus, by his mother, and has been occupied by five successive gene- 
rations of her Baldwin descendants. I was ])orn on it. 

Theopliilus Baldwin (known in Stonington as Deacon Theopliilus Bald- 
win) married. May 10, 1710, Priscilla Mason, daughter of Daniel Mason 
by his second wife Rebecca (Ilobart) Mason ; her paternal grandfather 
being the famous Captain (or Major) John Mason, and her maternal grand- 
father the Rev. Jeremiah Ilobart, of Ilingham, Mass. Tliey had the fol- 
lowing children: John, my great grandfather, born July 12, 1711 ; Priscilla, 
born Nov. 17, 1713 ; Theophilus, born in 171 G ; and Sylvester, b. in 1719. 

Concerning that Old Bible. 

It is mentioned in the " Notes " on Sylvester Baldwin's ancestry, that I 
have seen an old Bible in w^hicli a family record described John Baldwin, 
of Stonington, and John Baldwin, of Norwich, as cousins. I will state the 
facts relative to that old Bible. It belonged originally to Deacon Theo- 
pliilus Baldwin, and the records in it were made by him. That these 
records were important ma}'' be inferred from two circumstances: first, John 
Baldwin, of Stonington, was his father ; and, second, his mother, who lived 
thirty 3^ears after his father's death, must have been w^ell informed in regard 
to the family history. As he was, according to tradition, a very intelligent 
man, it was hardly possible that he should fail to gain considerable accurate 
information in regard to his ancestry and family connections. 

After his death, the Bible with its records w^ent to his son John, my 
great-grandfather, in whose family it was preserved with jealous care. 
This son John married Eunice Spalding, of Plainfield, Conn. She lived to 
be over 104 years old, and died in 1818, when I was in my ninth year. 
She lived in my father's family, from 1814 to 1817. This old lady, my 
great-grandmother, was remarkably well preserved in mind and spirits, until 
a short time previous to her death. She had the old Bible when I first saw 
it, and was extremelv careful to guard it against injury. When she died, 
it went to my oldest uncle ; but the binding had become tender ; it was too 
much neglected ; and, after a few years, it became a wreck and disappeared. 
It could and should have been preserved. 

When I was nearly eighteen years old, I began to realize the importance 
of that old family record, and sought to recover and preserve all that could 
be remembered of its contents. I could recall much of my great-grand- 
mother's talk concerning it ; and one of my aunts who had examined it with 
much more interest than any other member of the family, was able to give 
me considerable information. In this way I collected many particulars, of 
which I made a record at the time. These are some of them. 

Vol. XXVII. 14 

150 Jolui BalJivin, of Sto7ii?igton, and other John Baldwins. [April, 

1. That our first American ancestor was named John ; that he lived first 
in New-Haven ; that when he married the wife with whom he settled in 
Stonington, lie was a widower and she a widow ; and that througli her we 
were related to the ChesebrouMis. 

2. That this John Baldwin's father died on the passage to America ; that 
his wife and children settled in New-Haven ; that his name was Sylvester; 
and that my great-grandfather's brother, Sylvester, who lived to be a very 
old man, and was known to my aunt, was named for him. 

o. That my great-grandfather's father married a Mason ; and that he 
had a second wife, but no more children. My aunt's memory was at fault 
in regard to his name, but she thought it was either Thomas or Theophilus. 
It was well known in the family, by tradition, that he was a deacon of the 
" Old Black Meetino; House Conirreirational Church." 

4. That an orphan cousin of John Baldwin, of Stonington, came to 
America in the family of Sjdvester Baldwin ; that this cousin remained in 
the family until he was married ; and that he settled in Norwich. 

These and other particulars of less importance I wrote down more than 
forty-four years ago, when I knew nothing else of our ancestors and family 
history beyond what was told by family traditions. I have since found 
authentic records to verify all these particulars, substantially, except those 
which relate to John Baldwin, of Norwich, and to a second wife of Deacon 
Theophilus. Very naturally, I have some faith in the recollections of what 
that old record said of a relationship between the John Baldwins of Sto- 
nington and Norwich. IMy great-grandmother, who knew much of the Nor- 
wich Baldwins of a hundred and thirty years ago, and made them one of 
her regular topics, always spoke of these two Johns as cousins. My aunt, 
also, used the word " cousin " in stating her recollections ; but this term, 
which was probably used by Deacon Theophilus in making the record, did 
not necessarily mean a father's brother's son. It may have meant a second 
cousin, or even some other torm of recognized and not very distant blood-rela- 

According to this record, as remembered, John .Baldwin, of Norwich, 
remained in the family of Sylvester Baldwin's widow, until he was married. 
A record at New-Haven (where she continued to reside until after her mar- 
riage with Captain Astwood) shows that he or some other adopted child 
was in her family, in the year 10-43. In a list of the New-Haven " plant- 
ers," made in that year, she appears as " the Widow Baldwin," with a family 
consisting of Jive persons. The order requiring returns for this list specified 
that " every planter should give in the names of the heads or persons in his 
family, wherein his wife with himself and cJiildren onh/ should be reckoned, 
with an estimate of his estate." Therefore, the Widow Baldwin's family 
included herself and four children. But, at that time, she had with her only 
three of her own children, the other three having married and left her; 
Sarah in 1038, INIary in IGIO, and Ivlchard in 1G42. In H)13, her family, 
reckoned as the order required, would have numbered only four persons, 
if it liad not included some child, not her own, which was treated 
and counted as a cliild of the family. Who was this additional child? 
Remembering that old Bible and its record, and remembering, also, the 
statement in a letter of the Hon. Simeon Baldwin, that, according to the 
traditions of tlic Norwich family to which he belonged, '' John, the father 
of the iVorwich faniil}-, came to this country with a respectable connection 
of the family, when a boy," I believe, without very serious hesitation, that 
it was John Baldwin, of Norwich, then, probably, about eleven years old. 

1873.] John Baldwin J of Stonington, and other John Baldwins, 151 

The record cannot now be produced ; but I am not aware of either a tradi- 
tion or a circumstance of any sort which can suggest a different explanation. 
That there was very intimate and constant intercourse between the first 
and second generations of the Norwich and Stonington Baldwins, was well 
known in our family through traditions which must have had good warrant. 
As the distance between them was only nine or ten miles, this intercourse 
was easy. It was one of those matters associated with the first part of my 
great-grandmother's life, of which she was accustomed to talk ; and, accord- 
ing to her oft-repeated statement, her husband's sister Priscilla became 
acquainted with Daniel Calkins, of Norwich, wiiom she married, during 
some of her visits to the Norwich Baldwins. The first wife of Thomas 
Baldwin, second son of John of Norwich, was Sarah, daughter of the first 
John Calkins of that town. Some of the j^ounger children of his second 
wife, and those of Deacon Theophilus, of Stonington, were nearly of the 
same age. 

Other John Baldwins. 
For some years previous to 1653, there w^ere five John Baldwins in 
Milford, Conn. The printed mistakes of ]Mr. Savage and others, occasion- 
ed by imperfect knowledge of the records, have created some needless con- 
fusion in regard to these Johns. I will name them in the order of their 

1. John Baldwin, Senior, who was considerably older than the others, 
and is supposed to have been the John Baldwin who witnessed Sylvester's 
will " on the main ocean." If so, he was a passenger with Sylvester's 
family, in the ship " Martin." He had two wives. Perhaps his first wife 
came with him from England, for he had six children by her who were 
baptized in Milford, four in 1G48, one in 1649, and one in 1651, five of 
them being sons, and his oldest son seems to have been born in 1638 or 
1639. His second wife was Mary Bruen, of New London. By her he had 
eight children, three sons and five daughters. He died in Milford, in 1681. 

2. John Baldwin, afterwards of Norwich, who, in 1653, married Hannah 
Birchard, of Guilford, and took up his residence in that town. I think it 
very probable that he was born in England not later than 1632, and that 
he came to America in the family of Sylvesfer Baldwin, and remained in it 
until he went to Guilford. In 1662, he settled permanently in Norwich. 

3. John, youngest son of Sylvester, born in 1635, probably ; married his 
first wife in 1656, buried her in 1657, and removed to New London in 1664. 
In 1656, he was described as "John Baldwin, Junior," in the record of a 
grant to him of a house lot ; and he continued to be the John, Junior, of 
Milford, until 1663, when the last record of his name with this designation 
appears, also in connection with a grant of land. Hon. Simeon Baldwin, 
in the letter to which I have referred, thinks the mention, in 1649, of the 
elder John as " senior," implies that another of the name then living there 
was recognized as "Junior." If this supposition is correct, the Milford 
John, Junior, of 1649, may have been John of Norwich. 

4. John Baldwin, oldest child of John, Senior. In 1663, he married 
Hannah, daughter of Obadiah Bruen, and niece of his step-mother. In 
1667, he settled in Newark, N. J., where he was known as John Baldwin, 
Senior. I have not seen a record of his birth ; but, as he was oldest of 
the four children of his father, baptized in 1648, and older than Nathaniel's 
son John, I suppose he was born previous to the year 1640, either at 
Milford or New-Haven. 

152 John Baldwin^ of StoningtoUj and other John Baldwins. [April, 

5. John Baldwin, oldest child of Nathaniel. In 16G3, he married Han- 
nah Osborne. In]GG7, he settled in Newark, where he was known as 
John Baldwin, Junior. He was born previous to the year 1644, for, in 
that year, he, and his brother Daniel who was the next younger child, were 
baptized at Milford. Probably he was born in Milford not earlier than 
1640. I have an unverified report of a record which states that 1640 was 
the year of his birth. 

This account of the John Baldwins of Milford is the result of a very 
careful study of the records, aided by correspondence with that intelligent 
genealogist, Samuel H. Congar, Esq., librarian of the New-Jersey Histori- 
cal Societ}^ Mr. Savage, Miss Calkins, and others, have stated that John 
Baldwin, Senior, left Milford and settled in Newark ; but this is a mistake. 
He was a constant resident of Milford, from the beginning of the settle- 
ment to the end of his life ; and the probate records show that he died there. 

The same writers have given currency to another inaccurate statement, 
namely, that Mary (or Marie) Bruen, who, in 1653, became his second 
wife, was a daughter of Obadiah Bruen, of New London, and thus a sister 
of his son John's wife, Plannah. It is manifest that they did not examine 
the Milford records for themselves ; for these records state, in so many words, 
that the second wife of John Baldwin, Senior, of that town, was "Marie 
Brewen, daughter of John Bruen, of Pequot." This, of course, does not 
mean that John Bruen, father of Obadiah and Marie, was " of Pequot " 
(or New London), for he did not come to America, and was not living in 
1653. It means that Marie was " of Pequot," where she was living in the 
family of her brother. 

John Bruen was of Bruen Stapleford, Cheshire, Eng. ; he died in 1625. 
The English records show that he had three wives ; that his first child was 
born in 1585 ; that Obadiah, born in December, 1606, w^as a son of his 
second wife, probably her oldest child ; and that Marie was the only living 
child of his third wife. She was born when he was about 60 years old, 
and must have been over thirty years old at the time of her marriage. 
There is a notice of John Bruen and his family, in " Ormrod's Cheshire," 
which can be found in the Astor Library, New- York, and probably in some 
other American libraries. 

Mr. Savage goes so far and so wildly astray as to make John Baldwin, 
Senior, of Milford, a son of Sylvester. I know that the most careful inves- 
tigation cannot be sure of perfect accuracy ; but, such mistakes as these 
should not occur. Mr. Congar encountered them, in preparing his " Gene- 
alogical Notices of the First Settlers of Newark ; " but he found them 
so readily exposed by the records, that it was not easy to understand how 
they could be possible in any serious investigation. In his view, the records 
make nothing more certain than, that the Milford John Baldwin, Senior, 
never removed from that town, and that his second wife was, not a 
daughter, but a sister of Obadiah Bruen. On the latter point, he says in a 
letter to me : " The record in the old town book of Milford (wliich I have 
seen again and again), says that John Baldwin, Senior, married ' ISIaric 
Bruen, daughter of John Bruen, of Pequot.'" This record can be found 
so easily in that old town book, that I do not see how it can escape the 
attention of any body who examines the book with a view to the Baldwin 

1873.] Expedition to Cajie Breton* 153 


Journal of the Rev. Adonijah Bidwell, Chaplain of the Fleet. 

Transcribed from the original and communicated by Mr. E. M. Bidwell, 

of Providence, R. I. 

April 14. Sunday about eleven of ye clock, the Connecticut Fleet 
consisting of Seven transports under the convoy of Connecticut & Rhode 
Island Colony sloops sailed fronri New London. 

15. At eleven anchored at Holmes hole. 

10. Rain & Easterly Winds. 

17. About five in ye morning we hoised sail. About one P.M wo 
anchored at Nantucket ten leagues from Holm's hole. 

18. About Sun rising weighed anchor but ye wind heading us we 
return'd & anchored at ye same place again about ten. 

19. About twelve the wind being fair we hoised sail again, past ye 
sholes a little before night. 

20. Pleasant weather with a fair wnnd. 

21. Pleasant w^eather still with west winds crossing y^ bay of Funda on 
board y^ sloop Charming Molly, it being Sunday I preached from Luke 
2. 10. About half an hour after 4 we spy'd the land of Cape Sables, 
which is 75 leagues from Cape Cod, at night pretty high wind at NW. The 
Fleet scatter. 

22. In the morning but 2 Sail in sight, at sun seting near Cape Lambro 
wdiich is — leagues from Cape Sables. 

2o. At night we anchored at y*^ harbour of Fair Bay about 10 or 12 
leagues southwest from Canso. 

24. Set sail from Fair Bay about Sun Rising, arrived at Canso about 
noon, & all y^ rest of Connecticut fleet y^ same day, save Rhode Island 
Colony sloop, which was chas'd y^ day before by 30 gun French Ship & 
was supposed to be taken. At Canso lay y^ Boston Fleet when we ariv'd 
there. This Canso lies about 80 Leagues from Cape Sables, & 20 from 
Cape Breton. 

25. Ariv'd ye Rhode Island Colony sloop about 1 of y^ clock fir'd 5 

2G. About 11 Capt" Rouse & Capt" Fones sailed on a Cruize in Quest 
of y'^ French ship that chased Capt" Fones. 

27. [Blank.] 

28. A.M. Preached on board from 1 Tim. 1, 15. 

P.M. On Burying Island heard Mr N from 1 Kings 20. 11. Doct. 

Tis very unbecoming any when preparing for a battle to behave themselves 
as tho they had got the victory.'- 

29. About 5 or G in the morning the fleet weighed anchor at Canso & 
sailed for Cape Breton, the fleet consists of about or near an hundred sail, 
including Commodore Warren's Ships & AV England Naval Forces, which 
are now a cruizing off Cape Breton. Warren has a sixty, a fifty & two 
forty Gun ships. 

80. At Sun rising Louisburg was alarmed, and fir'd about G or 7 Guns 
from their Forts. About 10 we anchored in Cabaroosa Bay, about 4 or 5 
miles from the town. The French came a company of them to the shore 

Vol. XXVII. 14* 

154 Exiiedlt'wn to Cajie Breton. [AYfTi], 

to prevent our landing, but we fired upon them from Several Sloops & 
beiran to land our men about 12 a'clock under the Canons and then the 
French retreated, but y*^ Englished pursued and hunted them as dogs hunt 
foxes in y^ woods. They killed some French that day in y^ woods, 
wounded others whom they took prisoners & several more jDrisoners they 
took not wounded. 


At the same time Commodore Warren with his men of war enn^aojed and 
battered one of their forts. 


Also y* same day a small town, & all y° houses without y® walls of y^ city 
were burnt to ashes. 

May 1. The English encamped erected a standard & hoisted two 
English Flags west from y® town of Louisburg. At night the French 
stop'd up the touch holes of the cannons of y^ grand battery with hardened 
steel & deserted the Fort. An English man viz Thos Leeds of Croton 
with 18 Indians entered y^ Fort & took possession of it & took two women 
& a child. 

2. The English hoisted y^ English Colours in ye grand Fort & began 
to drill y^ steel out of y^ Cannons. The French began to sling the bombs 
into y® Royal Battery. This day General Wolcott landed, we went out & 
spoke with Commodore Warren, returned at night, & anchored again in y® 
bay. Y® French attempted to land in order to retake y^ Royal Battery, 
but were repulsed by the English who killed several of the French. 

3. About 10 we came to Sail for a Cruize, lay off in sight of Louisburg 
where we saw y^ Town fire at y^ Grand Fort & y*^ Grand Fort at y^ Town 
for several hours together. 

4. We lay this day also off from y^ Town & saw but little firing till 3 
in y® afternoon, then they fired from the Grand Battery between GO or 70 
shots by Sun setting, but no firing from the Town till about 5, then y® 
English Artillery began to play on y^ Town with their Bombs & Cannons, 
& so ye Town fired upon them. About 6 we were ordered by the 
Commodore on a Cruize with a Man of war, Capf^ Ting, Capt" Tomson, 
Capt" Smithers, & a schooner & sailed round Cape Breton on the East 

5. This day came into a bay in y^ head of which was very high land & 
covered with snow, at night we laid to in y*^ Bay. 

G. In y*^ morning we anchored at y® south end of this large bay, at y® 
mouth of a bay y^ runs southward & y* schooners went into y® Bay, tis 
call'd St Anns Bay. In y*^ afternoon we sailed several miles up the bay to 
a narrow Strait there were several houses on the east side & a meadow on 
the west & a large bay beyond toward the southwest. We anchored and 
several men went on shore. 

7. This day y^ men ransacked y'' town & woods, burnt y® town of about 
20 houses & about y" same number of shallo])s, took 12 or 15 Feather 
Beds, 3 or 4 cases with botth^s, Chests with Cloths, Iron Pots, Brass 
Kittles, Candlesticks, Frying Fans, Pewter Plates Sc Spoons &c took one 

8. About 4 wciglu^d anclior, the Prince of Orange & the Defence stood 
towards tlie North. About 1 took a sh:ill()[) with one man, a woman and a 
child, and carried them on board the Prince of Orange. Snow, turned y* 
shallop adrift. 

1873.] Expedition to Cape Breton. 155 

9. Two boyes went on shore up Aganish Bay & burnt a Town of about 
80 houses which stood up that bay, about noon stear'cl for Louisburg. 

10. This day the winds were high, towards night the storm was so 
boisterous we brought too & lay till Sunday. We were eastward of Cape 

11. Cold with snow & rain. 

12. It cleared up & we made Sail again. 

13. About Sunrising met with Capf^ Fones. Arrived at Cape-roos 
Bay about 1 1 where we heard that St Peters w^as taken by the English & 
burnt, the men taken prisoners & carried to Canso : also y' 17 English men 
kil^ by y® Indians on Cape Breton at y^ taking of a small town & one man 
was kill'd by y® taking of St Peters. 

P.M A French Snow got into the harbour of Louisburg. 

14. A cold easterly storm with rain. Snow & Hail. 

15. About 8 a.m we weighed anchor and sailed out against y® town of 
Louisburg & lay of & on all day & saw firing both from y® Town & 
Batteries at one another all day by turns. 

IG. This day the English hoised an English Flag at y® light house & 
began to erect a Fascine Battery there & also they in erecting a battery at 
y*^ northwest part of y^ town so near y* the English killed a man y' stood 
on y® wall with a small arm. Y® English & French fired at each other all 
day. Y® English fired two Bombs at night at y° town. 

17. Capt" Douse came to us & informed us that 4 men have been 
killed, 1 or 2 by y*^ bursting of y® cannon, but y* y® men were generally 
well in y*^ Camp, also in y*^ afternoon they spy'd a company of French 
which they pursued, killed some as they supposed, took one y' was wounded 
by 2 shot. The English had one Indian wounded y' died presently after. 
Of this we were informed by some of Col Gorham's men y* came to us by 
night in a boat. 

18. This day we spied a brig eastward of Louisburg in y° morning 
which Capf^ Fones pursued and took in Scatere bay. She was from 
France & had eight men on board. 

Sunday. About two the Mermaid, Man of war, engaged a French ship 
man of war of sixty 4 guns. Commodore Warren being in sight gave 
chase & took y^ French Ship about 9. She had upwards of 500 men on 
board, 30 were killed, about so many wounded. The English lost 4 men. 

20. In y® morning came to an anchor in y® Caperoos bay, where we 
were told that 13 men went on shore, to wood & water 7 were killed, 3 of 
them scalped y* were killed, 3 men taken, 3 returned, 1 well, 2 wounded. 
This was done y® Saturday before. 

21. Capt". Kinseleigh informed us two English men were killed on 
Sunday last by two barrels of powder taking fire by accidence. We heard 
y^ English were building a Facine battery north of y® City in fair shot of 
y^ City designing to have 6 of y^ 48 pounders there at night. 2 men found 

22. We hear by a whale boat y* y^ English yesterday took 10 or 12 
French, one a Doctor y* had dig^ up y^ Corps of some English and had 
burned them — also 400 men marched and found a french fort deserted. A 
60 gun ship Man of War joined the fleet. 

23. Heard one man had dy'd of Sickness viz Dodge. 

24. Last night they gathered to attack the Island Battery, but did not 
do it. The Hector Man of war joined y® Fleet a ship of 40 Guns. At 
Night we anchored in Caperoos Bay. 

156 Expedition to Cai)e Breton, [K^vW, 

25. Lay in the bay. 

26. Sunday. In the morning sailed out against Louisburg. Mr Caulking 
came on board & informed us y* Major Newton dy'd on Friday & was 
buried on Saturday last. The capt" went on board the Commodore. 

27. Cold & Foggy. 

28. Foggy till four & then cleared off & we made for land. A little 
before sunset land appeared. 

29. We lay off Louisburg harbor. 

30. Very foggy. 

3L [We hear that 150 English men were killed & drowned in storming 
y° Island Battery last Monday Night. A Forty Gun ship man of war 
joined the Fleet.] * 

June 1. Foggy wet weather. 

2. In y^ morning we anchored of y^ Camp. Capt° came here from 
Boston. Lord Montegue in y® Mermaid Man of War took a French 
Brigaudine from Nante in France bound to Lewisburg. 

Monday, 4. We hear y* a sloop from Canada loaden with provision for 
Lewisburg was taken by Capt" Grifhth yesterday east of the light house. 
Also Mr Robinson belonfjins^ to the Commodore came on board us & told 
y* a Frigas with 19 more French was taken yesterday at night at or near 
Scatere. Today Capt" Edwards in y^ Princess Mary retook a ship of 
about 200 tun, twas an English ship from Carolina taken by Le Vigilant y* 
6-4 gun ship which y® Mermaid took 19^^ of May. 

5. We weighed anchor & went out eastward of y^ Light house. 

6. We spoke with Capt" Furnel in a privateer Sloop of 10 guns y* lay 
at an anchor east from y^ Light house y* informed us y* a French Ship with 
200 men on board was taken yesterday by some of our Fleet & also y* a 
French Man of War last Tuesday night deserted y^ City Lewisburg & 
came to our General & informed y^ 40 or 50 men had been killed & about 
so many wounded in y^ City since y^ siege & }^ was three thousand & six 
hundred men women & children in the city & y* they had bread enough but 
no meat. Also y* 11 GO English were taken in storming y® Island Battery. 

7. We carried the French Capt" of Le Vigilant with 6 more on board 
Capt" Gaton who was designed for Boston. 

8. Anchored in Caperoos Bay. 

9. "We hear that Capt" Cha})man has lost a man with sickness named 
Kellogg. Two Lurtzers deserted & came to our English Army. Yesterday 
a Flag of truce went into y*^ city of Lewisburg. "^ 

10. Yesterday a fifty gun ship man of war joined y® Fleet who informed 
y* 4 days before they parted with 2 Sixty gun ships y* were bound here & 
y' they had took a French Privateer of 20 guns. — Today Capt" Gaton 
witli a Fleet & 700 prisoners sailed for Boston AM. One Englishman 
killed at y*^ Light House VM. Began to fire at y"^ Light House liattery. 

12. Anchored near Laten with Capt" Fletcher, went on shore & 
plundered. Killed one French man accidentally. 

13. Yesterday y*' Canterbury, y*' Sunderland, & y*' Lark joined y'' Fleet. 
To day all y*" transports ordered out of Caperoos Bay. 

14. Lieu' Gross with about 70 men go on board y*' Superbe. 

15. A French Flag of Truce came out to Gen* Pepperel, y' Commodoro 
being with y*^ General at y^' same time. 

Sunday, IG. A Flag of Truce comes on board y° Commodore. 

' Tliis entry Is crossed out in the original manuscript. 

1873.] Expedition to Cape Breton, 157 

17. The Island Battery surrendered early in y® morning. The Commo- 
dore goes on shore there. The guns were fired once or twice round on y° 
Island Battery. P.M. The whole Fleet sailed into Lewisburg harbor. The 
Light House & other Facine Batteries & y® Grand Battery salute y' 
Commodore as he sailed in. The Commodore when anchored fired 17 
Guns — 

— The French Flags in y® City are struck and y® French march out 
about 4 of y° clock & then y® English army march in, Drums beating, 
Colours flying, & y° marines too at y*' same time land. 

18. We took a ship off Lewisburg harbour. She had 29 men & 12 
guns from Bourdouex bound for Canada coming into Lewisburg for a Pilot. 

26. A skooner arrives hear from Annapolis & Capt" Rouse comes into 
y° harbour. 

28. We sailed from Lewisburg. 

29. Spoke with Capt" Beckwith about 8 off St Esprit who informed us 
y* Capt". Fones & Capt". Douchu & he had met with about 1200 French & 
Indians as they supposed who were designed for Lewisburg. 

Sunday, 30. About two anchored at Canso. 
July \. About 7 AM sailed from Canso. 

3. About 1 1 Anchored in Lewisburg harbour just afterwards came in a 
Sloop, then a skooner from Boston. P.M. came in Capf^ Tompson, he fired 
7 guns passing y*' Fort, y° Commodore returned 3, then came in a Man of 
War with 20 Guns, he fired 13 guns passing y^ Island Battery y^ Commo- 
dore return^ 9 guns. The Lark also sail'd for Newfoundland this day 
about 3 P.M & y*^ Launceston for France with transports. 

4. Robbins, Cerl & Mumford sail for France with Transports. 

5. This day came in a skooner from Boston with Soldiers, who left 
Boston 11 days before. The Elthain & another ship sail for Boston, we 
with two other sloops for Canso. Capt" Sanders also for Boston. 

6. Arrived at Canso. 

Sunday, 7. This day came Capt" Fones & Donihu's sloop from y* gut 
of Canso with y^ sad news y* Donihu & 1 1 more men were killed by y*' 
Indians 8 days before. P.M. I preached on shore in y^ fort at Canso from 
Luke 2. 10. 

8. Died on board defence James Camil & buried on Canso Island y' 
day following. P.M. came James Jordon in a skooner from Rhode Island. 

11. Sailed to St Peters. 

13. Spoke with Capt° Hammon bound to Louisb. 

15 (Monday). Anchored at Cansso. 

16. Came here Capt" Daniel from Lewisburg this day in a sloop with 

Colonel Baum, Colonel Major Pomroy, with qther passengers 

bound home from y® expedition & some French were on board likewise. 
At night another sloop bound home came here & both sailed early next 


17. Some sail pass by from West to East. 

18. Two Sail from y^ West pass by. Upwards of 30 men belonging to 
y® defence are sick. About 11 at night Samuel Shirley died & was buried 
y'^ next day A.M. 

20. About sunrising we weighed anchor, a little before sunsetting we 
anchored in Louisburg harbour. Capf^ Fitch & Chapman ariv'd here y® 
17^ day. 

21. A.M. Heard y^ Rev Mr Williams preach from John 20, 31 Doct*. 
The great intention of y® Gospel is to bring men to believe in X & so to 

158 Expedition to Cape Breton. [April, 

Salvation. P.M. Heard y® Commodores chaplain from Ps IIG. 12. A.M. 
One Downing dies & is buried P.M. 

23. A Ship being seen off from y^ harbour y° Princess Mary, y^ Can- 
terbury, & y*^ Defence sail out early in y'' morning after her. Y'^ Princess 
Mary being ahead meets y*^ Ship A.M. fired at y^ Ship & made her strike 
in a few minutes without receiving one shot. Twas a French Ship of 400 
tun from Bengale in 4 months & from France in 18 months. They knew 
not y* it was "VVar. She had 60 men on board & s^ to be worth Two 
hundred thousand pounds sterling mounting 30 or 30 guns. 

24. We go into y*^ harbour of Louisburg. The East Indian prize fired 
15 guns, ye Sunderland return'd 15. 

25. The prize fired 15 or 16 guns. The Town fired in salute 15 more. 
Capt'n Burton arrived here from R. Island in a skooner. A French ship 
with Passengers sailed for France. 

27. Sail'd from Louisburg. 

Sunday, 28. About noon anchor'd at Canso where 3 of our men had 
died since we left y° place y^ last time. Viz Sam^ Carter & Jon° Gibboi.s 
who died 22"^. Day & Daniel Ponley who died 24'^ day. 

29. About noon Thomas Stanton died and was buried y® same day on 
burying Island. 

August 1. A.M. David Kuntly died on Canso Island & was bur'd on 
burying Island. Capt" Talcott sail'd from Canso for N. London with 43 
sick men belonging to y^ sloop Defence. 

2. About Sundown one man in Canso accidentally shot another named 
Pollard thro' his body, with which he died about 10. 

3. Thunder & Lio-htninir- 

Sunday, 5. About in y^ morning we sailed for Louisburg. 

6. P.M. Anchored in Louisburof harbour when we were informed v* 
about 4 days before 2 ships, a South sea man & an East Indian Ship were 
taken & brought into Louisburg. 

10. Capt" Aaron Bull in a Sloop ariv'd. 

Sunday, 11. A.M. I heard M from Luke 8. 18.— P.M. Mr Ely 

"Williams from Deut 32. 29. Doct — 10 earnestly desires TA welfare. 2 
truest wisdom is to consider & improve y*^ advantages of y^ present life in 
order to a better. 1 what is meant by later end & consider to what are y® 
advantages of y^ present in order to another in general. 1 y*^ time of life. 
2 all y^ dispens of div — prov — & y*^ means. 1 y'^ what we are to — 4 
prove y*' point. 

12, 13, 14, 15, 16. About Sunsetting came in y^ Superb with Governor 

17. A.M. The Governor goes on shore. Hector fires 17 Guns Can- 
terbury 17 Guns. The City 19 Guns. 

18. Sunday. A.M Dy'd KanfTord Avery. P.IM. Dyed William Bramble. 

19. About 12 of the clock dyed Lieut Jonah Gross in Louisburg. 

20. P.M. Lieut Gross was buried fired 14 Guns as he was carried to 

21. About at niglit y"" Grand Battery fired 19 Guns in salutation of 
Governeur Slierley. About 8, 19 more. 

22. About 1 in ye morning dyed Amos Palmer, about 4 P.INI Gov^ 
Sherley went to y*" Island Battery, 19 guns were fired ui)()n his entering y'^ 
Fort A[nd?] 17 when lie went off. 

23. About 1 in y'^ moruinir died Will Smith. P.M The Sunderland 
fired 15 guns. 

1873.] Expedition to Cape Breton, 159 

24. About sundown died Lieut Timothy Root in Louisburg. 

25. Sunday, A.M. Heard a Sermon from these words, A Froward 
heart is an abomination to the Lord. P.M. The Rev^ Mr Williams from 
Ps 8, 4. 

26. Capt" Fletcher came in & fir'd 11 gims. The Canterbury retd 7 more. 

27. The Hector Man of War goes out & fir'd 9 guns. The Canterbury 
ret'd 7 more. 

30. About sunrising died Oliver Clap. 

31. This day sailed y^ Massachusetts for Boston & Lais in a Sloop for 
Connecticut with Colon Burr & 60 or 70 Connecticut men. 

September 3. Richardson brings in a Ship y* he retook. 
4. This day in y® morning died Jesse Edgecome. 

7. About 2 in y*^ morning died Archibald Campbel. 

8. I preached at y' Grand Battery A.M 1 Tim 1, 15. P.M Matth 16, 26. 

9. Capt" Fones arriv'd from Newfoundland & Capt". Miles from Con- 
nect, who informed us y* 8 out of the sick men belonging to y^ Defence 
Sloop y* went from Canso with Capt" Talcott dyed on their passage home. 

11. About 10 at nio;ht Wil Chester died. 

12. A little after Sun up died David Wiliams of Westherfield. 

13. I went to y*^ Island Battery — very hot for y^ season. The 
Governour & Commodore with other Gentlemen & Ladies go on board & 
go to y^ Island Battery — A times 17 guns are fired. 

15. Sunday, P.M. I heard y^ Rev Mr Williams preach from Numbers 
14. 17 Doct. there is an infinite sufficiency in y*^ pardoning grace of God. 
17. Lieut Tory died. 

19. Cap't Aaron Bull sail'd for Connecticut. 

20. 17 Guns were fir'd on board a ship. 

22. Sunday. Capt" Sanford sail'd in a ship for New York. 

23. Monday. Came in a Brig from New York Capt" Bingham in a 
sloop from N. London. 

24. Came into y° harbour Capt" Rouse in a snow from England with y® 
News y* General Pepperel was Knighted & also Commodore Warren was 
Knighted & made Governeur of Louisburg & Rere Admiral of the Blue. 
In passing y^ Island Battery he fired 15 guns, y^ Superbe 13. About 3 
P.M Admiral Warren hoised his flag on board y® superb & then all the 
ships fired & y^ Grand Battery. 

29. Sunday. We sailed for New England. I preached on board from 
Col 3, 4 & was seized with sickness the same day. 

October 6. We ariv'd at Boston as I was afterwards inform'd but knew 
nothing of it myself, being bereaved of my senses thro the violence of my 

8. On Tuesday y® 8 day I was carried to Doc"" Rands where I was 
eleven weeks & 4 days to y® 28 of December then I set out from Boston 
for Hartford & got home to Hartford the eleventh day of January. 

Vessels in the Cape Breton Expedition 

Commodore Warren's Fleet of 14 sail, viz.: 

Man of War " Superbe," 

" Launceston," Kilmary Com 

" Eltham," Durel 

" Mermaid," Dugglass 
























Exjpeditmi to Ca/pe Breton, 




Sliip " Massachusetts," 

Capt". Tyng 


Snow "Sherley," 

" Rouse 


Brig (Boston Packet), 

" Fletcher 


A Snow, 

" Griffith 



" Tomson 


A Ship, 

" Snelliug 


Boston Galley, 




Sloop "Resolution," 



A Sloop, 

• Sanders 


A Sloop, 



The Connecticut Colony 





" Rhode Island " 


Capt°. Fones 



May 19. 

A French Ship "Le Vigilant," 



A Man of War, 

Capt". Galen 




Man of War " Princess Mary," 

" Edwards Com^ 

. GO 



" " " "Hector," 

Cornwall " 



June 10. 

Ship "Chester," 


Gery " 



" Canterbury," 
" Sunderland," 

Hore " 


July 3. 

A Man of War, 


A Sloop (Privateer), 



A Sloop, 



Prizes taken by the Fleet (viz. : Com. Wakren's) after the 
Arrival of Commodore Warren's Fleet. 

May 2. 









By Capt". Snelling a Ship loaden with provisions 

from Brest to Cape Breton, 
By Com Warren a Man of War " Le Vigilant," 
A Briijandine from Nantz. 
A Sloop. 
A Ship. 

An East Lidian, 

2 Ships & Sejit. 3, one ship. 









Order of Battle in entering Louisburg Harbour. 

The Hector to lead & Anchor as far N.W. 
& as near the town as possible. 


Princess Murray 

Le Vigilant 





1873.] Manasseh Cutler. 161 


An Essay read before the Cincinnati Literary Club, Dec. 21, 1872, by "Wm. F. Poole, Esq. 

On the 1st of March, 1786, a meeting of delegates was held at the 
Bunch of Grapes tavern in Boston, for the organization of the Ohio 
Company, the object of the company being to purchase land of the 
government of the United States, and to make a settlement in the North- 
west Territory, as it was then called, which embraces what is now Ohio, 
Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin. Such a company was then formed, 
the members of which were chiefly officers and soldiers of the revolutionary 
war, residing in Massachusetts. A committee consisting of General Rufus 
Putnam, Dr. Manasseh Cutler, Colonel John Brooks, Major Winthrop 
Sargent and Captain Thomas Cushing was appointed to draw up a plan of 
association. The committee reported a plan on the 3d of March, which 
provided that a fund of one million dollars in continental specie certificates 
(in which the officers and soldiers of the revolutionary army had been paid) 
be raised, in shares of one thousand dollars each, together with ten dollars 
in gold or silver on each share, to be paid to the agents of the company. 
The gold or silver, and one year's interest on the certificates, were to be 
used in defraying the expenses in purchasing the land, and for contingent 

The report was accepted, and the subscription books were opened. 
Before another year had passed, the subscriptions were deemed sufficient 
for the company to commence operations. 

On the 8th of March, 1787, the shareholders held a meeting at Bracket's 
tavern, in Boston, and appointed directors to make proposals to congress. 
The directors employed Dr. Manasseh Cutler, one of their number, to 
proceed to New- York, where the continental congress was then in session, 
and purchase the lands of congress, leaving the matters of location and 
price mainly to his judgment. 

Dr. Cutler accepted the commission, and, providing himself with letters 
of introduction to the members of congress and to the chief citizens of 
New- York and Philadelphia (in which latter city the convention for the 
formation of the constitution was then in session), he started from his home 
in Ipswich, Mass., June 23, 1787, and arrived in New- York on the 5th of 
July. The journal which he kept of his daily experience, and of his 
business with congress, I have here, and I j^ropose this evening to read 
portions of it to you. It has never been printed ; and yet it will be found 
to be a paper of the highest personal and historical interest. He was 
successful in purchasing land for the Ohio Company, and the next spring, 
under this purchase, the first English settlement of Ohio, or of the states 
just named, was made at Marietta. He made the acquaintance of the most 
eminent men in New- York and Philadelphia, and he records highly 
interesting personal details respecting them. 

The celebrated "Ordinance of 1787" was before congress when he 
arrived in New- York. This ordinance was for the government of the very 
territory which he proposed to purchase, and which he did purchase. The 
origin and history of this ordinance has long been a question of historical 

Vol. XXVII. 15 

162 ' Manasseh Cutler, [April, 

discussion. Mr. Dane, of Massachusetts, whom Mr. Webster regarded as 
the author of the ordinance, was born in the town of Ipswich, where Dr. 
Cutler preached, and resided in Beverly, in the same county of Essex, and 
a few miles distant. Of the ordinance and its assumed author, Mr. 
Webster, in his speech in answer to Hayne, says : 

"At the foundation of the constitution of these new north-western 
states lies the celebrated ordinance of 1787. We are accustomed, sir, 
to praise the law-givers of antiquity ; we help to perpetuate the fame of 
Solon and Lycurgus ; but I doubt whether one single law-giver, ancient or 
modern, has produced effects of more distinct, marked and lasting character 
than the ordinance of 1787. That instrument was drawn by Nathan Dane, 
then and now a citizen of Massachusetts. It was adopted, as I think I 
understood, without the slightest alteration ; and certainly it has happened 
to few men to be the authors of a political measure of more large and 
enduring consequence. It fixed forever the character of the population in 
the vast regions north-west of the Ohio, by excluding from them involuntary 
servitude. It impressed upon the soil itself, while it was yet a wilderness, an 
incapacity to sustain any other than freemen. It laid the interdict against 
personal servitude in original compact, not only deeper than all local law, 
but deeper, also, than all local constitutions. We see its consequences at this 
moment, and shall never cease to see them, perhaps, while the Ohio shall 
flow. It was a great salutary measure of prevention. Sir, I should fear 
the rebuke of no intelligent gentleman of Kentucky, were I to ask whether, 
if such an ordinance could have been aj^plied to his own state while it was 
a wilderness, and before Boone had passed the gap of the Alleghanies, he 
does not suppose it would have contributed to the ultimate greatness of 
that commonwealth." 

Chief-Justice Chase, in his introduction to the statutes of Ohio, says of 
this ordinance: "It contained six articles of compact between the original 
states and the people and states of the territory, establishing certain great 
fundamental principles of governmental duty and private right as the bases 
of all future constitutions and legislation, unalterable and indestructible, 
except by that final and common ruin which has overtaken all former 
systems of human polity, and may overwhelm our American Union. 

" Never, probably, in the history of the world did a measure of legislation 
so accurately fulfil, and yet so mightily exceed the anticipations of the 
legislators. The ordinance has been well described as having been a pillar 
of cloud by day and of fire by night, in the settlement and government of 
the North-western States. When the settler went into the wilderness he 
found the law already there. It was impressed upon the soil itself, while 
it bore up nothing bat the forest." 

Concerning the history of this ordinance, it only comes within my present 
purpose to state that the bill, which had been reported several months 
before, and had been occasionally discussed, came down to the 9th of July 
in altoi^ether a different shape, both in form and substance, from the bill 
which passed on the 13th of July by the vote of all the states. On the 9th 
of July it was referred to a new committee consisting of Mr. Carrington, 
of Virginia, Mr. Dane, of Massachusetts, Richard Henry Lee, of Virginia, 
Mr. Kean, of South Carolina, and Mr. Smith, of New- York ; a majority 
being southern members. Up to this time there were no articles of 
compact in the bill, no anti-slavery clause, nothing about liberty of 
conscience or of the press, the right of writ of habeas cor])us and of trial 
by jury, or the equal distribution of estates. The clause so often recited 

1873.] Manassch Culler. 163 

in our local controversies, that "religion, morality and knowledge being'iry to good goveniinent and the happiness of mankind, schools and 
the means of education sliall be forever encouraged," was not there. 

In sliort, the bill whicli finally passed on the loth of July, and has since 
been regarded as the noblest monument in American jurisprudence, was, so 
far as form and matter are concerned, made de novo between the 0th and 
l.'ifh of July. Its principles were not new, as they had been discussed and 
adopted in the constitution of Massachusetts seven years before. The 
history of those four days is mainly the history of the ordinance. The 
secret journals of the congress, which are now printed, throw no light upon 
this history, and the members wli > took part in its formation have been 
silent, as it was regarded as a breach of couiidence to speak or write of 
what occurred in (hdjate or in committees. 

It is evident that some new light broke in upon the congress during the 
week preceding its passage. On the 11th of July, the bill in the main, as 
it now stands in tli(! ordinance, was reportc'd by the new committee ; but 
still without the anti-slavery clause and some other important provisions. 

These clauses were put in at its second reading on the 12th, as appears 
in the original draft which is now in existence, and which Mr. l*(ter Force 
described in the Xational JntcUlfiniccr of Aug. 20, IH 17. ]Mr. Force's 
paper was copied into the Western Law Journal oi September, IH IS, printed 
in this city. On the l.'Uh the bill took its third reading and final jiassnge 
by the nnanimous vote of every state, and of every member, except iNIr. 
Yates, of New-York, — of whom Dane, in a confi(h'ntial letter to Kiifus 
King, then a member from Massachusetts in the constitutional convention 
sitting in Philadelphia, speaks thus: "All agree to the inclosed plan, except 
A. Yates. He appeared in this case, as in most others, not to understand 
the subject at all." 

The journal of Dr. Cutler affords ns light by which we can fathom the 
history of these few days. This portion of the journal I shall read to you. 
lie, representing the Ohio Company, was more interested in the laws which 
were to govern that territory than any other person. JNIassachusetts men 
were the persons who were to settle the territory, and to them and other 
noi'thern purchasers the congress was looking for customers. The finances 
of the country wei"e never in so prostrated a condition as at that period. 
The country was flooded with certificates of debt, and no money could bo 
borrowed on public credit. The sale of public lands was the main source 
of relief to which the attention of the congress was directed. It was simply 
commercial policy to enact such laws as should make the land most 
valuable to the purchasers, and also to consult with the Ohio Company's 
agent as to the laws he desired in the territory. His advice was asked, and 
he gave it, as we shall see in his journal. B}' his purchase, a million 
dollars of this floating indebtedness was immediately cancelled. The 
adoption of the ordinance incited other companies to apply for Ohio lands, 
and before Dr. Cutler closed his negotiations several of these companies 
entreated him to buy land for them, as he had more influence with the 
congress than they could bring to bear. In addition to the million and a 
half of acres whicli he wanted for his ow^n company, he bought three and a 
half millions for other companies. 

It has seemed to writers on this subject as a strange proceeding that, four 
days before the passage of the ordinance, the committee who had charge of 
the subject up to the 9th of July, a majority of whom were northern men, 
should then be changed ; that three new members, Carrington and Lee, of 

164 Manasseh Cutler, [April;! 

Virginia, and Kean, of South Carolina, should be placed upon it, making a 
majority of the committee southern members ; and that Mr. Carrington 
should have been made chairman instead of Mr. Dane. The journal of 
Dr. Cutler explains this strange circumstance. The change in the 
committee was probably suggested by himself in order to secure the 
southern votes. These southern gentlemen were his special friends. He 
brought letters of introduction to them ; he was much with them, and he 
took pains to gain their confidence, as he did of all the southern members. 
The vote of the northern members he knew he could have in any event. 

Dr. Cutler came with a scientific reputation ; such, perhaps, as no other 
American, except Dr. Franklin, had at that period. He was then forty-three 
years of age. He had received a regular collegiate education, and had 
studied and taken degrees in the three learned professions of law, medicine 
and theology. But it was as a scientist that he was best known. He was 
elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston 
in 1781, and of the Philosophical Society in Philadelphia in 1784. In the 
first volume of the Memoirs of the American Academy^ printed in 1785, are 
four papers of his, on practical astronomy, on meteorology, and on botany. 
They are : 

1. Observations on the transit of Mercury over the Sun, Nov. 12, 1782, 
in Ipswich. 

2. Observations on an eclipse of the Moon, March 29, 1782, and on an 
eclipse of the Sun on the 12th of April following, in Ipswich. 

3. Meteorological observations at Ipswich in 1781, 1782 and 1783. 

4. An account of some of the vegetable productions naturally growing 
in this part of America, botanically arranged. 

The last paper fills a hundred quarto pages, and was the first scientific 
classification that was made of the vegetable productions of New-England. 
In the journal it will be seen that gentlemen whom he met in New- York 
and Philadelphia were constantly alluding to this paper. In 1770, when 
twenty-eight years of age, he received an honorary degree from Harvard 
College for his scientific investigations, and in 1791 a degree of doctor of 
laws from Yale College, his alma mater. In 1795 he was appointed by 
Washington, judge of the supreme court of the Ohio territory, which he 
declined. The same appointment he had before declined, when offered to 
him while making the purchase of the Ohio Company's land ; for he said he 
*'had no desire to go into the civil line." In 1800, however, he was elected 
a representative of Massachusetts in the congress of the United States, and 
served as representative for four years. The most elaborate speech he 
made during his congressional services was on the judiciary. But he had 
no taste for civil life. Statesmanship, in its largest sense, was a favorite 
study ; but politics he abhorred. After the great dangers which threatened 
the new republic had passed, he longed to get back to his clerical duties, to 
his Linnneus, to the quiet study of nature in his botanical garden, and to the 
use of his telescope and philosophical instruments. 

These biographical instances seem to be necessary, that persons not 
familiar with his name may understand why such marked attentions were 
shown to him as are described in the journal ; and why his advice should 
be asked and so confidingly accepted on so important a question as the 
fundamental laws of the north-west territory. Excepting Dr. Franklin, he 
was the peer of any man he met on his journey; and his worth and 
personal influence were everywhere acknowledged. 

In the accomplishments of conversation and social intercourse he is said 

1873.] Manasseh Cutler. 1G5 

to liave liad few superiors. This peculiarity, wliich was then not so 
common as now among northern men, impressed itself upon the southern 
memljcrs of the con^^ross, and d()nl)tlc'ss cave southern votes to the ordinance 
of 17H7 and to tlie Ohio land purchaf<e. 

Beneatli this suavity of manner there was a resoluteness of purpose 
which tlie congress itself could not govern or withstaiid. One of his 
demands was that every thirty-sixth section of land should he given by the 
government and set aside for the benefit of public schools ; and that other 
reservations should be made for colleges. This boon he obtained, and it 
has since been aj)])lied to all similar land bills for the western states. lie 
made his pro[)osition for the purchase, and the congress passed a bill in au 
amended form. 

These changes he said he. wor.ld not accc])t. lie packed his trunk and 
said he was going home, meaning all the while to stay and see it out. The 
members flocked to his room to persuade him to stay, assuring him that 
he could have what he wanted if he would remain. He postjjoned his 
departure till they could v(He again. It recpiired the vote of seven states, 
a majority of the original thirteen, to carry any measure. Seven or eight 
states were all that were usually represented. The congress passed a 
second bill for the sale, in an improved form, wliich he woidd not accept, 
and again he made ready to leave. Jle made his parting calls on tho 
members, said he would buy land elsewhere, and regretted that the congress 
showed no disposition to come to terms. With the most compliinentiiry 
assurances he was again entreated to remain till one more vote could be 
taken, and, on the third issue, the congress accei)ted Dr. Cutler's proposition 
precisely as he made it. The details of his management of the purchase 
are fully narrated in his journal; and a more skilful piece of lol)bying has 
never been done, even in our day- General St. Clair, the president of the 
congress, he won over by promising to make him governor of the new 
territorv. The barirain was ratified, and the i^eneral made a i^ood ijovernor 
till he failed as a general in his surprise by the Miami Indians. 

I have not the space here, and hence 1 have not undertaken to give a 
history of the ordinance of 1787, or to develop the evidence in my 
'possession that to Dr. Cutler is largely due the credit of having placed in 
it those gracious provisions which have made it the memorable instrument 
it is. This I hope to do in some form which will admit of an elaborate 
discussion. A literary club, in which an hour's reading is the maximum 
limit of the listener's endurance, is not the proper field for such a perform- 
ance. It will probably be found in that examination that the new evidence 
produced concerning its origin will demand a new distribution of hoiiors. 

The Columbia and "Wasuington. — The enterprising«-merchants of Boston, who 
fitted out the " Columbia " and the " Washington " to trade with the nntivcs of 
the North West Coast of America, in the year 1787/ in the course of which the 
Columbia river was discovered, suffered considerable pecuniary loss by tlie undertak- 
ing, as a|)pears by the subjoined extract from a letter from Uen. Henry Jackson, 
da\ed Boston, i32 Aug. 17'JO. 

" I find the ship Columbia has been arrived some days. The concerned in that 
enterprise liavc siin/c 50 per cf. of their capital. This is a heavy disappointment to 
them, as tliey had calculated every owner to make an independent fortune." 

Francis S. Drake. 
Vol. XXVII. 15* 

166 Church Records of Westerly , R. I. [^P^i^; 


Communicated by Hon. Benjamin Parke, LL.D., of Parkevale, Penn."; 
Continued from vol. xxri. page 386. 

Lords day Feb^ y* 16*^ 1752. 

This day the desires of John Gavit (son to deacon Oavit were pro- 
pounded to come to the Lord's table & under the special watch of this 
society, with Joseph & Benjamin Park who were propounded some time 


The Rev. M' Joseph Fish preached a sermon to us at y^ Rev. M"" Parks 
from Luke y^ 17'^ & 20 & publickly propounded to come to y® Lords table 
Joseph & Benjamin Park & John & William Gavit, sons to De^ Ezekiel 
Gavit — but refered the fixins^ of their standino; in the Church & under the 
watch of this Society, to y^ Rev. M"" Park, having declared to us before 
that he had not light to determine whether we were a regular Society or not. 
' Lords day March y^ 1"' 1752. 

The Rev. Mr. Park came from Long Island & gave us a Sermon from 
Col. 3—3 & 4. 

Lords day March y^ 8*^ 1752. 

The Rev. Mr. Park finished his discourse from Col. 3 — 3 cfe 4 and re- 
ceived to y® Lords table & our Communion, y^ Children above mentioned — 
Joseph & Benjamin Park, & John Gavit (William Gavit beino^ detained by 
sickness) and administered the Lords Supper to us — Deacon William Pen- 
dleton desired to commune with us which was granted. 

After the Sacrament of the Lords Supper was over, the Rev'^ M'" Park 
gave us the following answer to our letter of Sep* y® 17 1751 containing an 
earnest call to come & take y^ pastoral charge of us. 

Charlestown in Narragansett March y^ 8, 1752. To the Christian So- 
ciety regularly dismissed from y^ Church in AYesterly, & recommended to 
y' Grace of God & y® Communion of y^ Chhs or to be a distinct Church, 
who associated into a religious assembly meeting at my house — 

Brethren — Whereas ye have desired me to give you an answer to y' let- 
ter to me of 7ber y® 17, 1751 containing an earnest call to come and take 
y^ pastoral charge of you if I should be dismissed from my charge of the 
Ch^ in Westerly. These may assure you of my hearty concern for y^ pros- 
perity under all my perplexities, but my circumstances are such & my en- 
gagements in y° work of the ministry at Southold upon Long Island that at 
present I cannot comply with y"^ request. But if God is pleased to provide 

♦ It is said to have been common in the last century for candidates for membership to 
present written confessions. The thing here remarkable is tliat they were recorded. The 
Bibliotheca Sacra, xxv. 202, quotes from Lechford's Plain Dc'a//??^, describing tlie usage of 
a previous century. At the reception of meml)ors •• the Elder turneth his speech to the 
party to be admitted, and rcquirethhim, or sometimes asketh him, if he be willing to make 
known to the congregation the work of grace upon his soul ; and biddcth him, as briefly and 
audibly, to as good hearing as he can, to do the same. Whereupon the party, If it be a 
man, speaketh himself; but if it be a woman, her confession made before the Elders in 
private is most usually (in Boston church) read by the pastor who registered the same. 

Then the elder requireth the party to make profession of his faith, which is also 

done either by questions and answers, if the party be weak, or else in a solenm speech 
according to the sum and tenor of the Christian faith laid down in the Scriptures." 

1873.] Church Records of Westerly, R. I. 167 

another laborer in that part of His harvest & set me at liberty, I shall 
willingly comply, & in y® meantime am ready to afford y*^ all assistance in 
my power, & advise y*^ to ask the assistance of all neighbouring regular 
ministers, & do recommend you to God & to y*^ word of His Grace which 
is able to build y*^ up & give you an inheritance among them that are sanc- 
tified. Amen. Joseph Pakk. 

Lords day March y® 22'^. — The Rcv^ Mr. Park being returned from 
Boston, at the desire of Deacon Pendleton preached at y'^ Meeting house 
from Jeremiah ye 8 — 2, and admitted to full communion William Gavit 
upon his public assent to the following declaration which hath been jointly 
offered with Joseph & Benjamin Park & John Gavit. Jemima York, Ruth 
Sugar & Anna York were propounded for full Communion. 

Charlestovtn, December 19th, 1751. 

We the subscribers do earnestly desire admission to the Lord's Table 
and to come under the special watch of the society of God's people in this 
place which have lately been dismissed from the church of Christ in 

We believe there is one God in three persons, Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghost, into whose sacred name we have been baptized, which solemn cove- 
nant obligation we do heartily own. We believe the Scriptures to be the 
Word of God, and we find by experience that God's Word is true and that 
we are, as that testifies of us, sinful and miserable by nature and practice, 
Psalm 51 — 5, Psalm 58 — 3, but blessed be God who has found out a way 
to save such poor lost and undone sinners as we find ourselves to be, by 
sending his Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, to take our nature upon him, and in 
it to fulfil and answer the demands of his law which man had broke and to 
give his life a ransom for us, Rom. 5 — 8, and that whosoever believeth on 
him shall not perish but have everlasting life. AVe believe, Lord, help our 

We think it our duty (finding it to be the command of Christ, Luke 22 ; 
17 & 1 Cor. 11 ; 25, 26) and dare not any longer neglect to confess Christ 
before men. We therefore offer ourselves to the communion of this society 
of God's people, whose confession of faith and church covenant we con- 
sent unto, begging to be accej^ted of and watched over by them. Intreating 
the prayers of God's ministers and people for us that God would grant us 
grace to adorn our profession by a wise & well ordered life and conversa- 
tion, and not by a careless and wicked life bring a reproach upon his holy 
religion and grieve the hearts of the godly and harden the wicked, but that 
he would conduct us faultless to his heavenly kingdom. Amen. 

Joseph Park, Jun^ John Gayit, 
Benjamin Park, William Gavit. 

Joseph & Benj" Park in the 16th year of their age. 

John Gavit in his 16th year. 


Put to vote, whether this church or Christian Society upon what has 
been offered by these persons, can heartily accept of them as members in 
full communion in Christ's church & receive them to your special watch. 

Voted in the affirmative. 

I do then in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ, the alone head of the 
Church, declare you and each of you to be members in full communion 
with the Church of Christ, & to have a full right to all visible privi- 
leges therein, & commend you to the special watch & fellowship of the 

168 Church Records of Westerly, R. 1. [-^pril^ 

brethren in this place regularly dismissed from the Church of Christ in 
Westerly & recommended to the grace of God & communion of the 
churches of Christ, or to have a right to be a distinct church to have the 
special ordinances of the gospel administered to them. Amen. 

Joseph Park, Minister of the Gospel, 

Rev. & VERT Dear Sir, March y^ 22^ 1752. 

I do humbly & sincerely I hope bless God for His goodness & 
mercy to me in bringing me under y^ charge & care of so faithful a watch- 
man as the Lord hath made of you Rev^^ Sir, & for furnishing you with 
such excellent gifts and graces of His Holy Spirit for y® work of y^ minis- 
try ; and I thank you heartily Rev*^ Sir for the many Counsels & instruc- 
tions & admonitions which you gave me, & for the light & comfort which 
God hath made you instrumental to convey to me. And now Rev*^ Sir 
for the care y" take of us in our destitute condition in giving us the liberty 
of your house, & inviting us there, & in preaching the word to us at all 
opportunities & administering the holy ordinances of the Gospel to us, & 
more especially for y^ encouragement given us in your answer to our letter of 
7 ber 17, which contained an earnest call, after all the discouragements & 
pressing difficulties & distresses which y" have suffered in this place. 

From your unfeigned loving poor servant, 
To y^ Rev"^ Joseph Park > Christopher Sugar. 

in Charlestown. j 

March y^ 29 1752. 
Rev*^ & Dear Sir — Being convinced of my unthankfulness to God & y" 
at y® time when we received your answer to our letter of 7ber 17 which 
contained an earnest call, I do desire humbly to acknowledge my fault to 
y" Sir & I desire ever to bless God for making y^ such a rich blessing in 
this part of His Zion. And I thank you Rev^ Sir for y^ good & kind 
answer to us in return to your call & I desire ever to bless God & thank 
y^ Sir for y*" care of & kindness to us a poor & dispised people humbly 
begging God's blessing on all your labours & that he would keep & pre- 
serve you & still make y*^ a further blessing in this place. 

From y^ most devoted humble Servant, 
To Rev*^ Joseph Park Stanton York. 

in Charlestown. By Christopher Sugar, Clerh 

Lord's day March ye 29*^ 1752. 

Rev. Mr. Park preached from James 1 — 12. Jemima York, Ruth Sugar, 
Anna York, offered ye following declaration which they drew up themselves. 

We, the subscribers, being sensible that it is our duty to join in Com- 
munion with Church of Christ and dare no longer neglect it. We do offer 
ourselves to the*communion of the Church of Christ in the special watch 
and fellowship of the Christian society in this place whose confession of 
faith and Church covenant we consent unto. We believe there is one God, 
and the eternal Godhead is distinguished into three persons, the Father, the 
Son, and the Holy Ghost, and that the great God sent his only Son to give 
bis life a ransom for poor lost sinners, of whom we are chief. We believe, 
Lord, help our unbelief. And we know that Christ says he that is ashamed 
of me before men, of him will I be ashamed before my heavenly Father, 
Hebrews 10 ; 4, 5, for it is not possible that tlie 131ood of bulls and goats should 
take away sin, wherefore when he cometh into the world he saith sacrifice 

1873.] Church Records of Westerly, R. L 169 

and offering thou wouldst not, but a body hast thou prepared me. He- 
brews 11 ; 1, now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence 
of things not seen ; for ye have need of patience that after ye have done 
the will of God ye may receive the promise, for of his fullness have all we 
received and grace for grace. And begging of God that we may, as the 
Ninevites repent of our sins in sackcloth and ashes we know the God of 
Israel is merciful and kind and begging that we may adorn our profession 
that we may not grieve the godly nor harden the wicked. Amen. 

Jemima York. 

Jemima York in the 14th year of her age. Kuth Sugar. 

Ruth Sugar in the 13th year of her age. Anna York. 

Anna York in the 11th year of her age. 

[The record shows the same formula in taken the vote, and in pronoun- 
cing them admitted, as in a former case.] 

Westerly, March y* IG'^ 1752. 
Copy of a letter to M"" Park the consort of the Rev'' Joseph Park. 

D' ]M'". Having had y*' comfort of being acquainted with you these 14 
years & y^ blessing of being y*^ most of y*^ time a member of y*^ Church of 
Christ with you, I can truly say that you have been the truest & closest 
friend to me, & I believe to all of the Church in y*^ faithful discharge of y' 
Covenant vows & obligations, and I can say to me in particular, that y" 
have been a great means of strengthening my hope & of conveying light 
to me, whereby I have been enabled to resist the Devil and make him flee, 
& I can truly say that you have been a Deborah in Israel, that you have 
Btirred up y*^ Church to purge out a false policy & spirit that was like a 
canker eating out vital piety out of y*^ Church. O, often have I thought with 

admiration of y' conduct towards or rather of God conducting of you in 

opposing that proud wicked & unchristian spirit which wrought mightily in 
that man to overthrow faith in this Church & to exalt himself above that 
is called God or that is worshipped, & have followed it in a steady course 
ever since against others that have been leavened with y^ same leaven and 
it has been a matter of admiration to me to see you sell all that was near 
& dear to you for Christ's sake, & the unfeigned love that truly & plainly 
appeared in you to y® brethren (now since our dismission from y^ Church 
of Christ dismissing their pastor), in striving and laboring hard against flesh 
& blood to keep y^ gospel in y° faith & order of it in this place or rather to 
have it settled here. D'" M" time would fail me to recount all y® good 
deeds y*' have done here, y* I know I thought these several years past of 
giving in this testimony of you, but Satan hindered me. I thought it too 
much to be said of a woman. But blessed be God who hath given me light, 
for now I can feel tho imperfectly that passage of Scripture w^here y^ wo- 
man poured rich ointment upon our Lord Jesus Christ y^ disciples found 
fault with such a waste, but ye Lord bid them not to trouble her but said 
wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout y® whole world this 
also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her." 

j)r j^£m gratitude demands a great deal more than this, but duty calls 
aloud for it. It being greatly to y^ glory of God, for y'' work is y^ Lord's 
& where God is not acknowledged in his work he is robbed of His glory. 
D'' M"^ begging an interest in your prayers with unfeigned love to you & 
yours I remain your poor affectionate brother & servant, 

Christopher Sugar, Ckrk. 

170 The Flanders Family, [-^pril; 


Communicated by "William Prescott, M.D., of Concord, N. H. 

1. Stephen Flanders was, probably, the first and only one of the name 

that emigrated to America during its early history.^ He, with his wife 
Jane, came to Salisbury, Mass., between 1G40 and 1646, and were 
among the first settlers of that town. He was admitted a towns- 
man in Feb., 1650. This was different from being admitted a free- 
man, as the latter was conferred by the general or quarterly courts 
only. His will was dated April 4, 1684. He died June 27, 1684. 
His wife, Jane, died Nov. 19, 1683. They had :— 

2. i. Stephen, b. March 8, 1646; m. Dec. 28, 1670, Abii^ail Carter, dau. 

of Thomas and Mary, of Salisbury, b. Feb. 11, 1653 ; resided a 

Salisbury, where he died Oct. 6, 1744, set. 98 years 6 months and 

26 days. 
ii. Mary, b. May 7, 1650 ; d. same month, 
iii. Philip, b. July 14, 1652 ; m. in 1686 or 7, widow Martha Collins, 

dau. of John and Martha Eaton. She m. first, July 9, 1668, Benja. 

Collins, who d. in 1683. She was b. Aug. 12, 1648. Philip was 

admitted a freeman in 1690, and resided in Salisbury. There 

appears no record that they had any issue, 
iv. Sarah, b. Nov. 5, 1654 ; m. a Newhall. 
V. Naomi, b. Dec. 15, 1656 ; m. April 4, 1699, Benja. Eastman (son of 

Roger, one of the first settlers of Salisbury) , as his second wife, 

He was b. Feb. 12, 1652. He m. first, widow Ann Joy, April 5, 

1678 ; Naomi d. July 4, 1718, in her 62d year. 

3. vi. John, b. Feb. 11, 1659 ; m. 1686 or 8, Elizabeth Sargent, granddau. 

of Wm. and Elizabeth, of Salisbury. She was doubtless the dau. 
of Thomas and Rachel (Barnes) Sargent, and b. about 1668 or 9, 
and d. Dec. 24, 1716. Deacon John Flanders settled first in 
Salisbury, Mass., then in South Hampton, N. H. He was admitted 
a freeman in April, 1670. Was in the fight at Turner's Falls, May 
19, 1676. He was respected for his integrity and uprightness, and 
for many years was a deacon of the church in South Hampton, 
where he d. Oct. 25, 1745, aet. 86 years 8 months and 14 days. 
His descendants are numerous. 

2. St^vh^^^ (Stephen^), b. March 8, 1646; m. Dec. 28, 1670, Abigail 

Carter (see ante), and had: — 

i. Thomas, b. Feb. 17, 1671 ; d. April 12, 1672. 

4. ii. Stephen, b. Jan. 31, 1672 ; m. 1706, Sarah Blaisdell, who d. Jan. 30, 


5. iii. Thomas, b. Dec. 3, 1673; m. March 8, 1711, Catharine Hackett. He 

d. intestate, Oct. 4, 1741, ddt. 67 years 10 months. 

6. iv. Daniel, b. March 16, 1675 ; m. ; lived in Amesbury, 

7. V. Joseph, b. March 28, 1677 ; m. first, Esther , who d. March, 

1702. He m. second, in 1703, Hannah , who d. May 5, 1714. 

He m. third, October, 1716, Mary Thompson, and d. Dec. 29, 1730, 

set. 53 years 9 months. 
vi. Philip, b. Jan. 10, 1678 ; d. Feb. 23, 1678. 
vii. Sarah, b. Dec. 7, 1679; d. January, 1716, get. 36. 

8. viii. Philip, b. Jan. 8, 1681 ; m. Feb. 2, 1710, Joanna Smith ; resided in 

Kingston, N. H. 
ix. Jane, b. March, 1684; m. 1711, John Martin. 

9. X. Jeremiah, b. Sept., 1686; m. 1724, Mary Hayes ; lived at South 

Hampton, where he d. April 14, 1757. 
xi. Abigail, b. Oct., 1688; m. 1734, Jabez Page. 

* See Register, ante^ vol. viii. p. 81. 

1873.] TJie Flanders Family, 171 

3. JonN= {Stephen^), b. Feb. 11, 1659 ; m. 1G8G, Elizabeth Sargent; lived 

in Salisbury (see ante), and had: — 

10. i. Jacob, b. Aug. 5, 1G89 ; in. 3Icrcy Clouiirh in 1710. 

11. ii. Lt. John, b. Aug. 25, IGUl ; m. 1715, Sarah , b. 1G23, and d. 

April 5, 1775, aged 83. Uq d. Nov. 14, 1782, aged 91 years 2 mos. 

and 20 days. 
iii. EuzAHETH, b. Sept. 3, 1693; d. Oct. 20, 1716. 
iv. EzEKiKL, b. May 21, 1606. 

12. V. JosfAH, b. July 28, 1700; m. Mehitable Osgood, who d. Oct. 23, 

1782. lie lived in South Hampton, N. 11., where he d. Feb. 16, 

1781, in his 81st year. 

13. vi. Philip, h. Oct. 19, 1702 ; m. first, 1722, Abigail French, who d. about 

1730. He m. eecond, Oct. 2, 17.35, llannali Morrill, who d. July 20, 

1782. lie lived in South Hampton, where he d. April 30, 1780, in 
his 78th year. 

14. vii. JoNATHAX, I). Oct. 22, 1705 ; m. May 2, 1728, Judith, dau. of Thomas 

and Judith (Kent) Merrill, of South Hampton. She d. Oct. 8, 

1775 ; livi'd in South Hampton, where he d. 
viii. Tamzen, b. Jan. 9, 1707 ; m. Jan. 10, 1727, Henry French, 
ix. Hannah, b. April 16, 1710 ; m. 1731, Joshua Clough. 

4. Stepiikn^ (Stephen,^ Stephen^), b. Jan. 01, 1G72; m. 170G, Sarah 

Blaisdell, and had : — 

i. Mary, b. March 24,1714. 

ii. Merriam. b. Nov. 27, 1726. 

iii. EzEKiEL, b. Oct. 24, 1730. They probably had other children. 

5. Thomas^ {Stephen,^ Step/ien'), b. Dec. 3, IGTO; m. March 8, 1711, 

Catharine llackett, and d. Oct. 4, 1741. They had : — 

15. i. Benjamin, m. Nov. 4, 1734, Maria Brown. 

6. Daniel^ (Step/ten,^ Stephen^), b. March 10, 1G75 ; m. ; lived in 

Amesbury, and had : — 

i. Daniel, d. in 1735. 

16. ii. Jedkdiaii, b. April 13, 1705; m. Jan. 3, 1728, Eleanor Barnard, b. 

Feb. 9, 1706. 

7. Joseph^ (Stephen,^ Stephen^),]}. March 28, 1G77 ; m. first, Esther , 

and had : — 
i. Anna, b. June 15, 1701. 

He m. second, in 1703, Hannah , and had: — 

ii. EzEKiEL, b. March 7, 1705. 

17. iii. JosEiMi, b. Sept. 9, 1707 ; m. Jan., 1732, Ruth Morrill. 

18. iv. Nehemiah, b. Feb. 18, 1709 ; m. Feb., 1738, Sarah llackett. 

19. V. Ebenezer, b. 1712 ; m. Maria . 

He (Joseph) m. third, Oct., 171G, Mary Thompson, and had: — 

20. vi. PniNEAS, b. June 25, 1720 ; m. April, 1744, Tabitha Clough. 
vii. Mary, b. Aug. 6, 1721 ; m. 17li7, John Lunt. *> 
viii. Jeremiah, b. July 6, 1723. 

ix. MosES, b. Nov. 17, 1727. 

8. Philip' (Stephen,'' Stephen'), b. Jan. 8, 1G81; m. Feb. 2, 1710, 

Joanna Smith, and had : — 

i. Sarah, b. Nov. 16, 1710 ; m. Feb. 8, 1733, Josiah, son of Samuel and 
Meribah (Page) Tilton, b. April 1, 1709; resided in Kingston, N.H. 

ii. Philip, b. March 13, 1713 ; m. Oct., 1735, Hannah Morrill. 

iii. ZjppoRAH, b. March 4, 1716; m. 1734, John Bartlett, of Newbury. 

iv. Joanna, b. May 20, 1719 ; m. March 15, 1741, Nathan Bartlett, of 

V. Abigail, b. Aug. 15, 1722 ; m. Dec, 1737, John Merrill. 

vi. Richard, b. April 6, 1727. 

vii. Abiau, b. June 29, 1728. 

172 The Flanders Family, [-^pril, 

9. Jeremiah^ [Stephen^ Stephen^), b. Sept., 1G86; m. Mary Hayes, in 
1724, and had : — 

i. Sarah, b. July 15, 1725 ; d. in infancy. 

ii. Jeremiah, b. Sept. 15, 1728. 

iii. Sarah, b. March 7, 1730. 

iv. Judith, b. Sept. 7, 1731. 

V. Mehittable, b. Feb. 4, 1733 ; m. Oct. 2, 1767, Capt. Ephraim Brown. 

vii. DoROTuv, } twins, b. July 22, 1734; \ 3. ;„ infancy, 
viii. Joseph, b. Feb. 10, 1736 ; d. April, 1737. 
ix. Moses, b. Jane 29, 1739. 
X. Dorothy, b. Aug. 21, 1740. 

10. Jacob' {Jolin^ Stephen^), b. Aug. 5, 1089; m. 1710, Mercy Clough, 

and had : — 

i. Tabitha, b. April 7, 1711. 

21. ii. Jacob, b. Aug. 14, 1715 ; m. July 7, 1741, Naomi Darling. 

11. Lt. John' {John,^ Stephen^)^ b. Aug. 25, 1691 ; m. 1715, Sarah, who 

d. April 5, 1775, aged 83 (b. 1691). He d. Nov. 14, 1782, aged 91, 
2, 20. They had :— 

i. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 30, 1716. 

ii. Sarah, b. March 20, 1719. 

iii. Mary, b. Feb. 21, 1722. 

iv. John, b. Feb. 21, 1723. 

V. Susanna, b. April 24,. 1725 ; m. Aug. 7, 1742, Daniel Eastman. 

vi. Prime, b. Nov. 19, 1728 ; m. Sarah , and had a son Samuel, b. 

Sept. 20, 1770. Prime d. July 20, 1783. 
vii. Abigail, b. May 6, 1731. 
viii. Tamzen, b. June 17, 1733; d. Sept. 11, 1735. 
ix. Philip, b. April 13, 1739. 

12. ^osiA-TL^ {John,'' Stephen''), h. July 28, 1700; m. Mehitable Osgood, 

and had: — 

i. Theodate, b. Aug., 1725. 
ii. Merriam, b. Feb. 2, 1728. 
iii. Lois, b. April 15, 1730. 
iv. Eunice, b. March 13, 1731 ; d. same day. 
V. EzEKiEL, b. Sept. 24, 1732 ; d. same day. 

13. Philip' {John^ Stephen^), b. Oct. 19, 1702 ; m. first, Abigail French, 

and had : — 

i. A son, b. Oct. 26, 1724. 

ii. Nathan, b. Feb. 13, 1728. 

He m. second, Hannah Morrill, and had :— 

iii. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 15, 1737. 

14. Jonathan^ {John,^ Stephen^), b. Oct. 22, 1705; m. May 2, 1728, 

Judith Merrill (see ante), and had : — 

22. i. Abra, b. June 9, 1729; married in 1755, John, son of Joseph 

and Deborah (Scribner) "Welch, of East Kingston, b. Aug. 7, 1729, 
lived in East Kingston, Canterbury and Sanbornton, where he d. 
1811, aged 82. 
ii. Merrill, b. Feb. or May 24, 1731. He never married ; settled in 
Ilopkinton, N. H., where he became celebrated as a shoemaker, 
and where he d. Dec. 29, 1826, aged 95 years and 7 or 10 mos. 

23. iii. Parker, b. June 13, 1733 ; m. first, a Haseltine of Haverhill, who 

d. about 1764-5, leaving two sons. He m. second, Dec. 14, 1766, 
Eleanor Flanders, dau. of Jedediah and Eleanor (Barnard) Flan- 
ders ( ), b. Dec. 9, 1745, and d. June 1, 1832, a^ed 86.i years. 

He was a blacksmith, a celebrated hoe maker, captain in militia, 
iv. Judith, b. 1735 ; m. Daniel Jones, and had 6 children (to wit): Jona- 
than, Nathaniel, Molly, Daniel, Hannah and Merriam. 

1 873.] The Flanders Family. 1 73 

24. V. Christopher, b. 1737; m. Elizabeth Collins. He d. April 11, 1782, 

aged 45. 
vi. Tamzex, b. 1739; m. Jacob Jones, and had three children : Merrill , 
Polly and Jacob. 

25. vii. Jonathan, b. May 3, 1741 ; m. Lois Pike. He was al)lacksmith, set- 

tled in Kensington, N. H., where he d. Feb. 5, 1731, in his 90th yr. 

26. viii. Nathaniel, b. 1743. 

ix. Hannah, b. 1745. Never married. 

27. X. Richard Currier, b. 1748; m. Rachel Colby. Lived in South Hamp- 

ton, where he d. May 21, 1801. His family soon after removed to 
no])kinton, and resided with his brother, Merrill Flanders. 

15. BENJA>nN'* {^Tliomas^ Stej)hen^ Stephen^)^ b. ; m. Nov. 1734, 

Maria Brown, and had : — 

i. William, b. May 26, 1735 ; m. Jan. 4, 1769, Ruth Brown. 

ii. Rhoda, b. April 19, 1744. 

iii. Thomas, b. Nov. 9, 1747. 

iv. Merriam, b. April 27, 1750. 

V. John, b. Sept. 27, 1752. 

16. Jedediaii'* {^Danid? Stephen^ Stepheit^)^ b. April 13, 1705; m. Jan. 

3, 1728, Eleanor Barnard, and had : — 

i. Sarah, b. June 4, 1730 ; m. Joseph Cass, of Epping, and had three chil- 
dren : Daniel, Benjamin, and (Gen.) Jonathan ; the latter was the 
father of Gen. Lewis Cass, the distinguished statesman of Detroit, 

ii. TiMOTHv^b. April 14, 1732 ; m. Jane Fitz ; lived in Amesbury, and had 

iii. Hannah, b. Feb. 1, 1735 ; m. first, Lemuel Jones, second, Levi Mills, 
of Enfield, as his 2d wife. 

28. iv. Daniel, b. Feb. 5, 1738 ; m. Sarah Weed. He was a soldier in the 

old French war ; settled in Ilopkinton, and lived to be aged. Had 
three children. 

29. V. Barnard, b. April 29, 1741 ; ra. Annie Currier ; lived in South Hamp- 

ton as a farmer ; six children. 
vi. Ele.\nor, b. Dec. 9, 1745 ; m. Dec. 14, 1706, Parker Flanders (14-3). 

30. vii. Jedediah, b. Aug. 29, 1748 ; m. Feb. 8, 1770, Judith Tewksbury ; 

lived in Salisbury, Mass., where all of his 11 children were born. 
In the spring of 1795 he removed to Cornville, Me., when a wilder- 
ness, but seven families having preceded him. Here he purchased a 
large tract of land, built mills, &c. All of his children but one, 
married, had families, lived near him, and lived to be aged. He d. 
Dec. 6, 1823, aged 75 years 3 mos. and 7 ds. 

17. Joseph* {Joseph,^ Stephen,^ Stephen^), b. Sept. 9, 1707 ; m. January, 

1732, Ruth Merrill, and had:— 

i. A son, b. Oct. 29, 1732 ; d. in two daj's. 

ii. Nathan, b. Sept 6, 1733. 

iii. Joseph, b. May 1, 1735. 

iv. Hannah, b. May 7, 1738. 

V. Ruth, b. Oct. 2, 1741. 

18. Nehemiah* {Joseph,^ Stephen,^ Steplmi^), b. Feb. 18, 1709 ; m. Feb., 

1738, Sarah Hackett, and had : — 

i. Jarvis, b. Oct. 13, 1738. iv. Nehemiah, b. Sept. 2, 1749. 

ii. Hezekiah, b. July 5, 1742. v. Olive, b. July 21, 1751. 
iii. David, b. Jan. 22, 1747. • vi. Levi, b. Feb. 26, 1754. 

19. Ebenezer* (^Joseph,^ Stephen,^ Stephen}),h.l712 ; m. Maria , aud 

had: — 

ii. uIn^^^' ] *^^°^' b- Sept. 12, 1735 ; d. same day. 
iii. Susanna, b. Dec. 16, 1743. 

20. Phineas^ (Joseph,^ Stephen,^ Step/ten^), b. June 25, 1720 ; m. April, 

1744, Tabitha Clough, and had: — 
Vol. XXVII. 16 

1 71- TJtc Flanders Family. [April, 

i. Betsy, b. Jan. 22, 1745. 

ii. Hoi'KiN, b. Nov. 7, 1746. 

iii. Moses, b. May 18, 1749. 

iv. Annie, b. Feb. 2G, 1751. 

V. PniNEAS, b. April 30, 1753. 

il. Jacob"* {Jacoh^ John^ Stephen^), b. Aug. 14, 1715 ; m. July 7, 1741, 
Naomi Darling, and had : — 

i. Mercy, b. May 27, 1745. 
ii. Joseph, b. July 27, 1753. 

22. Abra** {Jonathan,^ \John^ StepJim^)^ b. June 9, 1729 ; m. 1755, 

John Welch (see ante), and had : — 

i. Joseph, b. 1757; m. Elizabeth Huntoon. 

ii. Abra, b. May 7, 1759 ; m. Nov. 13, 1785, George Drutch. 

iii. Benjamin, b. 1761 ; m. vvidovr Cotton ; no issue. 

iv. Deborah, b. Feb. 22, 1764 ; m. Aug. 22, 1785, Capt. Wm. Prescott 
(No. 323, page 263, of the Prescott Memorial), b. Oct. 14, 1762. 
They were the parents of Wm. Prescott, M.D., author of the Pres- 
cott Memorial, and others, which see. 

V. Judith, b. 1766 ; m. Simeon Brown. 

vi. Jonathan, b. 1768 ; m. first, Abigail Brown, second, Hannah Merrill. 
He served in the war of 1812. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. May 19, 1770 ; m. Aug. 13, 1795, Jonathan M. Smith ; 
lived and d. in Vermont. 

viii. Sally, b. 1772 ; d. aged and single. See Welch Genealogy, N. E. 
Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xxiii. pp. 420-21. 

23. Parker* {Jonathan,^ Jolin^ Stephen^), b. June 13, 1733 ; m. first, 

Haseltine, of Haverhill, and had : — 

i. Parker, d. young. 

ii. Sarah, m. Jonathan Eastman, and settled in Enfield. 

He m. second, Eleanor Flanders (see aiite), and had : — 

iii. Betty, b. April 11, 1769 ; d. Nov. 23, 1794, of phthisis. 

iv. Merrill, b. Sept. 22, 1772 ; m. Polly Cleaves. He was a farmer at 
South Hampton, where he d. Nov. 15, 1854. He had but one child, 
Rebecca Cleaves, who was m. in the morning to a Mr. Chase, who 
was killed by the kick of a horse the same day. She remains a 

V. Parker, b. Oct. 19, 1779 ; m. May 5, 1805, Tirzah Sawj-er, b. Aug. 
26, 1781. He resided at South Hampton until the spring of 1830, 
when he removed to Cornville, Me. 

24. CnviiSToruER'^ (Jonathan,^ Joh?iy^ Stephen}), b. 1737; m. Elizabeth 

Collins, and had : — 

31. i. Christopher, m. 1803, Ruth Currier, who d. 1826. He d. 1839. 
ii. Jacob, b. Dec. 20, 1774. 
iii. Betsy, m. Feb., 1803, Merrill. 

25. Jonathan* (Jonathan,^ John^ Stephen^), b. May 3, 1741 ; m. Lois 

Pike, settled at Kensington, N. H., a blacksmith, where he d. 
Feb. 5, 1831, in his 90th year. They had :— 
i. Lois. ii. Sarah. iii. Judith. 

26. Nathaniel* {Jonathan,^ Jolin^ Stephen^), b. 1743 ; in. and had: — 

i. William. ii. Judith. 

27. Richard C* {Jonathan,^ John,^ Stephen^), b. 1748 ; m. Rachel Colby 

(see ante), and had: — 

i. Judith, b. April 2, 1780 ; m. Benjamin Hackct, lived in Ilopkinton, 

N. II., and d. Jan. 31, 1837. 
ii. Abigail, b. Sept. 26, 1783 ; m. Jan. 12, 1808, Nathan Gould ; d. 

April 19, 1830. 

* Sec Philip Welch, &c., Register, vol. xxiii. p. 419 (38-2), aud 420 (51). 

1873.] TJie Flanders Family. 175' 

32. iii. PniLip,b. Aug. 30, 1786; m. April 11, 1815, Sarah, dau. of Moody 

Smith ; lived in llopkinton, N. H. ; d. Nov. 13, 1872. 
iv. Kaciiel, b. July 25, 1789 ; m. Jacob Thompson, settled in Gilford, 
N. 11., d. in South Hampton, Dec. 8, 18G0. 

33. V. Jonathan, b. Oct. 23, 1791 ; m. first, Apphia Danforth ; m. second, 

1820, Sophronia Knowlton, of Hopkinton, b. Jan. 6, 1803. Lived 

first, at Newport, N. H., then at Surmapec. 
vi. Hannah, b. April 19, 1791; m. lyaac CliUbrd, of Dunbarton. She d. 

Nov. 27, 1857. 
vii. Tamsen, b. Oct. 18, 1796 ; d. Dec. 13, 1825, unmarried, 
viii. Parker, b. April 28, 1800 ; d. Oct. 30, 1815. 

28. Daniel* {Jedediah,'^ Daniel,^ Stephen,^ Stephen^), b. Feb. 5, 1738 ; 

m. Sarah Weed (see ante), and had : — 
i. Moses. ii. Molly. iii. Timothy. 

29. Barnard* {Jedediah,'^ Daniel,^ Stephen^ Stephen^), b. April 29, 1741 ; 

m. Annie Currier, lived in South Hampton, a farmer, and had : — 

i. Timothy. iv. Sarah. 

ii. Ann. v. Reuben. 

iii. Samuel. vi. Hannah. 

30. Jedediaii* {Jedediali^ Daniel^ Stephen^ Stephen^), b. Aug. 29, 1748; 

m. Feb. 8, 1770, Judith Tewksbury, settled first in Salisbury, Mass., 
where his children were born. In 1795 he removed to Cornville, 
Me. (see ante). They had; — 

i. Molly, b. June 8, 1770. vii. Jacob, b. April 17, 1783. 

ii. Jonathan, b. Oct. 8, 1771. viii. .Judith, b. June 1, 1785. 

iii. Thomas, b. Oct. 20, 1773. ix. Eleanor, b. May 4, 1787. 

iv. Sarah, b. Feb. 25, 1776. x. Daniel, b. April 28, 1789. 

V. William, b. Nov. 19, 1778. xi. Moses, b. June 23, 1791. 

vi. Jedediah, b. March 18, 1781. 

31. CiiRiSToniEii^ {Christopher,'^ Jonathan,^ John^ Stephen^), m. 1803, 

Kuth Currier, and had : — 

i. George W., b. 1803 ; d. 1840, unmarried. 

ii. Adaline, b. 1806. 

iii. Sophronia, b. Jan. 25, 1808 ; m. True Colby, and d. Jan. 2, 1870. 

iv. Charles Collins Currier, b. Oct. 23, 1810 ; m. Phebe Bailey ; lives 

in Concord ; a butcher. 
V. Jacob, m. Lois Davis ; two sons, one daughter. 

32. Philip" {Richard* Jonathan,^ John,'' Stephen^), b. Aug. 30, 1786 ; 

m. Sarah Smith. He d. Nov. 13, 1872. They had :— 

i. Parker M., b. Jan. 26, 1816 : m. Feb. 19, 1854, Hannah C, dau. of 

Abel and Hannah VV. Connor, of Henuiker. Lives in Hopkinton ; 

three children, 
ii. Hannah, b. Jan. 30, 1818; m. Dec. 13, 1842, George ^Y., son of Dr. 

Stephen Currier, of Hopkinton ; six children. 
iii. Sarah Ann, b. June 3, 1821 ; m. March 23, 1843, Joseph B., son of 

Nicholas and Sarah (Stevens) Quimby ; one son, Flavins A. VY., 

b. 1847. 
iv. Jonathan, b. Oct. 16, 1823 ; d. Sept. 16, 1863, aged 40. 
V. Philip, b. Sept. 24, 1827 ; m. Auf^. 16, 1851, Elvira S., dauo;hter of 

Nicholas and Sarah (Stevens) Quimby, of Hopkinton, b. July 19, 

1828. He is a carpenter, and works at the machine shop of the 

Concord railroad. 

33. Jonathan" {Richard C.,* Jonathan,^ John^ Stephen)^), b. Oct. 23, 

1791 ; m. tirst, Apphia Danforth, whod. and he m. second, Sophronia 
Knowlton, of Hopkinton, in 1820, b. Jan. 6, 1803, by whom he 
had : — 

i. Thankful, b. March 7, 1822; d. Sept. 12, 1843. 
ii. Philip, b. Jan. 6, 1825 ; m. Elsie (Alice) Richards. 

176 Descendants of William Lane. [-^pril; 

iii. Jonathan P., b. Jan. 2, 1826 ; m. Mary Brooks. 

iv. EupiiRONius, b. Sept. 18, 1828, d. Oct. 1829. 

V. Robert L., b. May 8, 1830 : m. Almira Holden. 

vi. William AV^., b. Jan. 15, 1833 ; m. Eliza llandee. 

vii. Martin B., b. Jan. 1, 1835 ; m. Triphena Muzzey. 

viii. Samuel K., b. Feb. 4, 1837. 

ix. SopHRONiA A., b. May 23, 1839 ; m. Eoswell Appleton. 

X. John K., b. Aug. 23, 1842 ; d. Jan. 14, 1866. 


Communicated by Edmund J. Lane, Esq., of Dover, N. H. 

1. William^ Lane, the ancestor of the Lane families, whose record 

will be found in the following pages, was a resident of Boston, 
Mass., in 1651. He was admitted freeman at that place, May 6, 
1657. Regarding himself or his connections we know nothing 
further, save the names and time of birth of his children, which 
are found on the Boston records. Tradition, hovrever, says that 
he was of English origin, and also that a brother settled in 
Beverly or Gloucester and another in Maine. Further researches 
may establish or disprove the authenticity of this tradition. There 
were others of the name of Lane in this country at an early- 

From the Boston records we learn that the wife of "William 
Lane was named Mary. She died May 2, 1656, and he married, 
Aug. 21, 1656, Mary, daughter of Thomas Brewer, of Hoxbury. 
His children were : 

i. Samuel, b. Jan. 23, 1651-2. 

ii. John, b. Feb. 5, 1653-4. 

iii. Mary, b. May 15, 1656. 

iv. Sarah, b. June 15, 1657. 

2. V. William, b. Oct. 1, 1659; wife Sarah. 
vi. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 3, 1661-2. 

vii. Ebenezer, b. March 21, 1666-7. 

2. William^ ( William^ ), born in Boston, Oct. 1, 1G59, removed to 

Hampton, N. H. ; the time of his removal was apparently between 
the years 1685 and 1688, if we judge anything from the fact that 
the Hampton record states his oldest child to have been born '* in 
Boston," while the absence of such notice in regard to the 
♦ remaining children would seem to imply that they were born at 

the place in whose records their births were recorded. William 
I is said to have been, by trade, a tailor ; he resided near the spot 

where the Hampton Academy now stands. He married, June 21, 
1680, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Webster, of Hami)ton, born 
Jan. 22, 1660-1. Her death is recorded, "6 January 1745, aged 
85 years, of Fever." He died Feb. 14, 1749, in Hampton. Their 
children were : 

3. i. John, b. in Boston, Feb. 17, 1685; m. March 7, 1709, Mary Libbey, 

of Rye. 
ii. Sarah, b. Nov. 6, 1688 ; m. William Berry, 
iii. Elizabeth, b. July 12, 1691 ; m. Oct. 12, 1714, Elias Critchett. 
iv. Abigail, b. Dec. 9, 1693 ; m. Dec. 14, 1715, John Vittum. 

4. V. Joshua, b. June 6, 1696; m. Bathsheba Kobie. 

1873.] Descendants of William Lane, 177 

5. vi\ Samuel, b. 1698; wife Elizabeth. 

6. vii. Thomas, b. June 8, 1701 ; d. Aug. 3, 1775; wife Elizabeth. 

3. John" (William,^ William^), bom in Boston, Feb. 17, lC8o; was 

taken in infancy to Hampton by his parents. lie married Maiy 

Libbey, of Kye, March 7, 1709. Not long after his 'marriage he 

went to sea, was taken by pirates and kept in captivity for seven 

years. Returning home, he remained some years, but went to sea 

again, and finally died at sea. He had only one child : 

i. John, b. Oct. 12, 1709; m. (1) Hannah Lamprey, (2) Mary Knowles. 
Children: — 1. John. 2. DanieL 3. Ezekiel. 4. Daniel, m. Mary 
Norris. 5. Mary. 6. Hannah. 7. Nathan. 8. Sarah. 9. Isaac. 
10. Jonathan. 

4. Joshua^ (William,^ William^), born in Hampton, June C, 1G06 

(O. S.), dwelt about half a mile north of the old Baptist meeting- 
house, on the road toward North Hampton. He owned a small 
form there, and also worked at his trade, that of a shoemaker and 
currier. He married, Dec. 24, 1717, Bathsheba Robic, daughter 
of Samuel and Mary Robie, born Aug. 2, 1G9G (O. S.). 

Joshua Lane, with his wife, united with the Congregational 
cluirch in Hampton, March 10, 1718. He was afterwards for 
many years a deacon in that church, and authentic traditions tell 
of his eminently christian character, adorned with those virtues 
which made him a foithful friend, a j)arent diligent in leading his 
children in the ways of righteousness, a kind husband and a 
support and ornament to the church of God. His wife was an 
active, intelligent woman, and well fitted to assist in forming the 
character of their children to habits of industry and piety. The 
effect of the training of these servants of God was seen in the 
character of their children, nearly all of whom became at an early 
age professors of the religion of Jesus. 

Deacon Joshua Lane was killed by lightning, June 14, 1766. 
The thunder shower had nearly passed by, when, going to the 
door, he was instantly killed. His wife had died, April lo, 1765. 
Their children were : 

7. i. Samuel, b. October, 1718; m. (1) Mary James, (2) Rachel Colcord. 
ii. Mary, b. Feb. 7, 1720; m. (1) Jabcz James, of Hampton, Feb. 7, 
1740, b. April 18, 1717, d. June 18, 1752. Children: — 1. Joshua, 
m. lluldah Flagg. 2. Susannah, d. young. 3. Edmund, d. young. 
8he m. (2) Jonathan Shaw, of Hampton, May 20, 1755, b. May, 
1709, d. May 30, 1780. Children : — 4. Benjamin, father of the 
Hon. Tristam Shaw, M. C. from New-Hampshire. 5. Susanna. 

6. Josiah, of Sanbornton. 7. Bathsheba, m. Isaiah Berry, of 

iii. Joshua, b. May 6, 1721 ; d. May 30, 1723. 

iv. AV^iLLiAM, b. June 11, 1723 ; d. Dec. 20, 1802 ; m. Rachel Ward, Feb. 
13, 1746, b. Sept. 19, 1723, d. Dec. 10, 1805. Children :— 1. Noah, 
d. young. 2, Abigail, d. young. 3. daughter, d. young. 4. 
Ward, of Hampton, m. Mehitable Fogg. 5. William, of Hampton, 
m. Mary Dow. 6. Noah, of Deerfield, m. Mehitable Burnham. 

7. Thomas, of Hampton, d. unm. 8. Jeremiah, m. (1) Anna 
Marston, (2) Lucy Hobbs. 

V. Joshua, b. July 8, 1724 ; lived in Poplin, to which place he removed 
about 1762. He m. Dec. 16, 1747, Ruth Batchelder, b. Nov. 23, 
1727. He d. Jan. 13, 1794, a member of the Congregational 
church. Children: — 1. Mary, m. Daniel Norris. 2. John, m. 
Hannah Godfrey. Their son , the late Isaiah ^ Lane, a physician 
of Candia and Chester, was the father of the Rev. James P.^ 
Lane, junior pastor of the Congregational church in Bristol, R. I. — 
Vol. XXYII. 16* 


17 Descendants of William Lane, [April, 

(See Chase's History of Chester^ N. H., pp. 553-5.) 3. Abigail , 

111. Ezekiel Eastman. 4. Joshua, m. Hannah Folsora. 5. Josiah, 

d. young. 6. Josiah, d. unm. 7. Ruth, m. Samuel Eogg. 8. 

Sarah, m. John Stearns. 9. Elizabeth, d. young. 10. Isaiah, m. 

Elizabeth Wheeler. 
vi. Josiah (t^vin of preceding), b. July 8, 1724 ; d. July 22, 1729. 
Yii. John, b. Feb. 14, 1726 ; d. March 21, 1811 ; m. Dec. 28, 1749, Hannah 

Dow, b. Sept. 20, 1727, d. Sept. 10, 1775 ; admitted to church in 

Hampton, Oct. 23, 1748, but removed to Kensington and died 

there. Children: — 1. Samuel, m. Judith Clifford. 2. John,m. 

Elizabeth Batchelder. 3. Hannah, d. unm. 4. Comfort, d. 

young. 5. Mary, m. William Harper, of Deerfield. 6. Joshua, 

m. Huldah Halliard. 7. David, of Sanbornton. 8. Joseph, of 

Kensington, ra. Elizabeth Lang. 
viii. Sarah, b. Dec. 3, 1727 ; d. June 8, 1784; m. Jan. 1, 1747, Deacon 

Jonathan Weare, of Seabrook, b. June 29, 1724. Children : — I. 

Hannah, m. Simeon Page. 2. Abigail, m. John Toppan. 3. Peter ^ 

m. Hannah Nason. 4. Jonathan, m. Ann Worth. 5. John, m. 

Thankful Hubbard. 
ix. Bathsheba, b. June 6, 1729 ; d. unm. Sept. 5, 1757. 
X. Isaiah, b. Dec. 21, 1730 ; d., s. p., Oct. 23, 1815 ; m. July 24, 1755, 

Sarah Perkins, b. Feb. 15, 1735, d. March 16, 1823. 
xi. Jeremiah, b. March 10, 1732; d. June 21, 1806; m. Jan. 18, 1759, 

Mary Sanborn, b. May 24, 1736, d. 1818. Children: — 1. Mary, 

m. Thomas Berry, of Pittsfield. 2. Sarah, d. young. 3. Joshua, 

of Chichester, m. Lydia Blake. 4. Jeremiah, of Chichester, m. 

(1) Eunice Tilton, (2) Hannah Tuck. 5. Simeon, m. (1) Sarah 

Morrill, (2) Huldah Tilton. 6. son, d. young. 7. Levi, m. Anne 

xii. Ebenezer, of Hampton, b. Sept. 28, 1733 ; d. May 20, 1796 ; m. Nov. 

16, 1757, Huldah Fogg, b. July 21, 1735, d. July 13, 1814. 

Children : — 1. Huldah, m. John Drake. 2. Sarah, d. young. 3. 

Ebenezer, m. Sarah Perkins. 4. Joshua, d. young. 5. Abigail, 

m. John Knapp. 6. Joshua, m. Abigail Lamprey. 7. John, m. 

Sarah Dow. 
xiii. Abigail, b. Nov. 13, 1734 ; d. Nov. 9, 1826 ; m. Dec. 19, 1754, Thomas 

Berry, b. Feb. 16, 1731, d. March 14, 1799. Children:— 1. 

Joshua, m. Mary Cate. 2. Mary, d. young. 3. Mehitable, m. 

Thomas Berry. 4. Isaiah, m. Bathshel^a Shaw. 5. Thomas, d. 

young. 6. William. 7. Thomas, m. Mary Lane. 8. Abigail, m. 

Jacob Brown. 9. John, m. Sarah Drake, 
xiv. Elizabeth, b. May 25, 1736; d., s.p., Sept. 1, 1806; m. Nov. 19, 

1782, John Robie, b. April 19, 1731, d. Nov. 16, 1794. 
XV. Josiah, of Hampton, b. May 19, 1738; d. Jan. 16, 1821 ; m. Nov. 26, 

1760, Betsey Perkins, b. Nov. 9, 1740, d. Oct. 25, 1811. 

Children: — 1. John, m. Ruth Morrill. 2. Moses, m. Anna 

Marston. 3. Mary, d. unm. 4. Bathsheba, m. J onQ.t\mn Greene. 

5. Betsey, m. (I) George Seavey, (2) Asa Lane. 6. Sarah, m. 

(1) Jonathan D. Towle, (2) Asa Lane. 7. Joshua, d. young. 

8. Josiah, m. Patience Godfrey. 9. Joshua, d. young. 10. David, 

m. Sally S. Brown. 11. Hannah, d. young. 12. Reuben, m. 


xvi. Anne, b. March 24, 1741 ; d. Feb. 2, 1780 ; m. Feb. 28, 1760, Joseph 

Johnson, of Hampton, who removed to Readtield, Me., b. April 

10, 1734, d. November, 1794. 

5. Samuel' (William.,^ William^), born June (August?) 4, 1698, lived 
in Hampton Falls. He was a farmer. His wife's name was 
Elizabeth. He died Jan. 9, 1776. His will was proved 
September, 1776. Partly from this source and partly from 
records of Deacon Joshua, we learn that he had children : 

i. Abigail, d. Aug. 2, 1735. 
ii. Samuel, d. Aug. 2, 1735. 
iii. Elizabeth, d. Aug. 4, 1735. 

1873.] Descendants of William Lane. 179 

iv. Sarah, m. Mr. Sanborn. 
V. Mary, m. Mr. Prescott. 
vi, Abigail, m. Mr. Prcscott. 

8. vii. Samuel. 

6. Thomas^ ( William,'^ William^), born June 8, 1701, in Hampton ; wife 

Elizabeth was admitted to the church in Hampton, April 11, 

1736. He died Aug. 30, 1775. Their children were : 

Mary, d. April 5, 1739. 
ii. John, b, Jan. 1, 17.31 ; d. Feb. 9, 1811, without children, 
iii. Simon, b. July 3, 1733; m. Sarah Robie. Children: — ^1. James. 2. 

Simon. 3 to 7, five daughters. 
iv. Sarah, admitted to the church in 1750. 
V. Elizabeth, " " " 1750. 

vi. Hannah, " '' " 1771. 

and perhaps other daughters. 

7. Samuel^ (Joshua,^ William,^ William'^), bom Oct. G, 1718, removed 

to Stratham, June 11, 1741, where he resided during the remain- 
der of his life. He was a selectman and town-clerk of Stratham 
for several years, and a member of the provincial asseni})ly which 
met at Exeter in 177G. In addition to his business (that of a 
tanner and shoemaker) he was employed as surveyor under the 
royal governors and also after the revolution. 

Samuel Lane united with the church in Hamjiton, April 11, 
1736, ami was chosen deacon of the church in Stratham, July 4, 
17G5, which office he filled until he was elected elder. May 28, 
1800. The latter position he occupied until his death, Dec. 29, 
1806, displaying in both situations an exemplary christian charac- 
ter, and enjoying that respect which his consistent life obtained 
from his fellow citizens. He was twice married : First, to 
Mary James, Dec. 24, 1741, daughter of Benjamin and Susanna 
James, born March 3, 1722, died July 30, 17 69. Second, June 
22, 1774, to Mrs. Rachel (Parsons) Colcord, widow of Gideon 
Colcord, of Newmarket.* She was born at Cape Ann, Mass., 
June 29, 1726, and died Jan. 18, 1813. He had eight children, 
all by his first wife, viz. : 

i. Mary, b. July 14, 1744; d. Sept. 18, 1792 ; m. John Crockett. 

ii. Samuel, b. May 8, 1710; d. Nov. 24, 1820; m. Hannah Cate. 

iii. Joshua, b. Feb. 9, 1748; d. Oct. 28, 1813; m. Hannah Tilton. 

iv. Susanna, b. July 24, 1750; d. June 10, 1801; m. Jonathan Clarke, 

of North wood. 
V. Sarah, b. Sept. 30, 1752; d. Aug. 16, 1835; m. Matthew Thompson, 

of Sanborn ton. 
vi. Martha, b. Feb. 22, 1755 ; d. June 19, 1803; m. William Boardman, 

of Newmarket, 
vii. Bathsheba, b. May 27, 1757; d. July 11, 1825; m. Joseph Clarke, 

of Sanborn ton. 

9. viii. Jabez, b. May 16, 1760; d. April 3, 1810; m. Eunice Colcord, his 


8. Samup:l ^ (Samuel,^ William^ William ^), was born at Hampton 

Falls, where he lived and died. He had the following children: 

i. Jonathan, m. (1) Lydia Leavitt, (2) Molly To wle, who was living 
in 1841 in Piermont, N. H. By both wives he had 17 children. 

* Gideon and Rachel (Parsons) Colcord had children : — Gideon, who lived in 
Newmarket; Job, who lived in Tiiftonboro' ; Josiah, who lived in Parsonsfield, Me.; 
Nathaniel, who lived in Hallowell, Me.; Benjamin, who lived in Northwood, &c. ; 
Jeremiah, of NeAvbinyport, who died in Parsonstield, Me. ; and Eunice, who married Jabez 
Lane (7, viii.), of Stratham. 

180 Descendants of William Lane. [^Aj^vWj 

ii. Asa, b. Nov. 18, 1763 ; d. March, 1847, aged 83 ; m. (1) Sarah James ; 

(2 and 3) daughters of Josiah Lane. Children : — 1. Betsey, m. 

Brackett L. Noyes. 2. Samuel, d. young. 3. Sally, m. Joseph 

Pervier. 4. Polly, m. David Baker. 5. Lydia, m. John Carpenter. 

6. Nancy, m. Lovewell Baker. 7. Asa, d. young. 8. Sophia. 

9. Asa, d. young. 10. Joshua, d. young. 11. Huldah, m. George 

S. Mason. 
iii. Sarah, m. Mr. Batchelder, who at one time lived in Pittsfield, had 3 

iv. Anxe, m. James Towle. She "was living in 1841 in Pittsfield, a 

widow ; 3 children. 
V. Samtel, d. young. 
vi. Elizabeth, d. young. 
10. vii. Abtjah, m. Hannah Wallace. 

viii. Hannah, m. Jeremiah White, of Pittsfield ; d. s.p, 

is. Samuel, m. Temperance Cowan ; resided in Boston, Mass. ; had 7 or 8 


9. Jabez* ( Samuel,^ Joshua^ William,^ William^), born May IG, 1760; 
married Oct. 2, 1783, Eunice, daughter of Gideon and Rachel 
(Parsons) Colcord. They lived on the homestead of his father 
and her stepfather, Deacon Samuel Lane, in Stratham. He was 
admitted to the Congregational church there, August, 1801, 
and died April 3, 1810. Their children were : 

i. Anna, b. Dec. 27, 1784 ; m. Benjamin Mather, Jr., widower of her 
sister Martha. Died Dec. 16, 1869. 

ii. Martha, b. Jan. 28, 1787 ; d. June 25, 1814 ; m. Benjamin Mather, 

iii. Mart, b. April 10, 1789; d. March 1, 1866; m. Rev. John Folsom 
Adams, a Methodist presiding elder, son of Lieut. John Adams, 
of the Kevolutionary army, and grandson of the Kev. Joseph 
Adams, of Stratham. 

iv. George, b. July 14, 1791 ; m. Mary Little Barker. Still lives on the 
old homestead in Stratham. 

V. Elizabeth, b. March 7, 1794; d. March 9, 1856; m. Charles Belcher 
Orne, of Wolf boro'. 

vi. Charles, of South Newmarket and now of Stratham, b. Nov. 27, 
1796; m. (1) Hannah French, (2) Elizabeth Berry. 

vii. Andrew Colcord, of Stratham, b. July 1, 1799 ; d. July 29, 1839 ; m. 
Elizabeth Ann Clarke. 

viii. Edmund James, b. June 6, 1802. He was engaged in teaching from 
November, 1825, to February, 1832, when he commenced business 
in Dover as a bookseller, where he still remains. He was admitted 
to the Congregational church in Durham Jan. 21 , 1827, removed his 
connection July 25, 1832, to the church in Dover, of which he was 
chosen deacon Dec. 30, 1838. He m. (1) Feb. 13, 1834, Elizabeth, 
dau. of Levi Barker, of Stratham, b. May 7, 1798. She d. April 
23, 1838, and he m. (2) Nov. 11, 1845, Martha Jane Goodhue 
Barker, b. Dec. 2, 1812, d. Jan. 16, 1870. Children by fir^t wife: 
1. Mary E. B., b. Feb. 17, 1835 ; d. March 5, 1835. 2. Edmund 
Barker, b. Dec. 22, 1837. Children by second wife : 3. Abby 
Frances, b. Aug. 9, 1846. 4. George Albert, b. Sept. 3, 1850; d. 
Sept. 2, 1851. 5. Arthur, b. Nov. 16, 1852; d. Aug. 28, 1853. 

ix. Lucy, b. May 12, 1805 ; d. unmarried, Dec. 30, 1844. 

10. Abijah* (Samuel,'^ Samuel,^ William,' William^), horn at Hampton 
Falls, N. fl. He married Hannah AVallace. They lived on 
" Bear Hill," so called, in Chichester, K H. He died May 7, 
1830, aged 59 years, and was buried, but a short distance from 
his home, in the Chichester burj-ing ground. His wife died about 
twenty years ago, and was buried in Salem, Mass. They had : 

i. Polly, b. Oct. 22, 1796 ; m. Benjamin Maxfield, and died in Salem, 
Mass., July 11, 18C4, aged 67 years 8 months and 20 days. 

1873.] President Wilder' s Address. 1 8 1 

ii. Saitoel, m. Mary Drew, and now livinn; in Wakefield, N. II. 

iii. Uepsebetii, b. about 1800; d. unm. in Salem, MaPs. 

iv. Wallace, b. 1802 ; m. Nancy Langmaid ; d. in Ncwington, April 22, 

1868, aged about 60. 
11. V. Asa, b. Aug. 15, 1804; m. Elizabeth P. Towle ; d. April 16, 1866, 

aged 61 years 8 months and 1 day. 
yi. Matilda, b. March 29, 1807; m. (1) Newell Maxfield, (2) Pearson 

Ciisby ; d. at Loudon, Jan. 29, 1862, a":ed 54 years and 10 months. 
vii. Abigail, b. March 30, 1814 ; m. Ephraim K. Foss; d. in Salem, Mass. 

11. AsA^ (Ahijah,^ Samuel,'^ Samuel,^ William,^ William^), born in 

Chichester, N. IT., Aug. 15, 1804. He was married by the Rev. 

Josiah Carpenter, Aug. 28, 1828, to Elizabeth Perkins Towle (a 

p-reat-granddaughter of Deacon Josliua Lane ^). They lived in 

Chichester a few years, then moved to AVentworth (Grafton co.), 

N. II., and lived upon a farm until Jan. 28, 1844, when they 

moved to llooksett, N. H., and resided there until his death, April 

IG, 18G6, caused by the rafters of a building falling on him, 

dislocating his hip and inflicting internal injuries, llis wife is 

now living in Manchester, N. II. They had : 

i. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Feb. 20, 1833 ; m. Daniel II. Maxfield. 

ii. John AVeston, b. Aug. 29, 1835; m. Angie F. Bryant. 

iii. TuoMAS Waterman, b. in Wentworth, N. II., May 20, 1841, lived with 
his parents until January, 1861, at which time he commenced the 
printer's trade in the office of the Daily and Weekly ]\Urror, and has 
ever since been connected witii that paper as clerk. He m. Amanda 
F. Stone, dau. of Samuel Stone, of Newfield, Me., March 20, 1863. 
He was elected clerk of the connnon council of Manchester, in 
December, 1871, to fill a vacancy, and reelected to the same office in 
January, 1872, and is now treasurer of the New-Hampshire 
Publishers, Editors and Printers' Association, to which office he 
has been reelected twice. Children: — 1. Inez Gertrude, b. July 
21, 1865. 2. Ethii Luceha, b. Dec. 16, 1867. 3. Thomas Waterman^ 
b. March 29, 1870. 

iv. Mary AxGELiA,b. Dec. 1, 1843; m. George W. Flanders. 

V. Martha Lucelia (twin of preceding), b. Dec. 1, 1843 ; d. Oct. 31, 1846, 
aged 2 years and 11 months. 

1^^ Many families in the sixth and later generations, and fuller details 
concerning families in the fifth generation, whose names only are given in 
this article, may be found in the manuscript deposited by Deacon E. J. 
Lane, of Dover, N. PL, in the library of the New-England Historic, 
Genealogical Society. 

Prestwich's Respublica. — We have lately seen a copy of this rare and valuable 
book. The following is the full title and dedication. — [Editor.] 

" Prestwich's Respublica | Or a Display of the | Honors, Ceremonies & Ensigns of 
the Common- Wealth, | Under the Protectorship of Oliver Cromwell, | together with 
I The Names, Armorial Bearings, Flags & Pennons, ] of the Different Commanders 
of the [English, Scotch, Irish Americans & French. | [Coat of xVrms, with motto 
above on a ribbon, " In te Domine speravi " and underneath the name, also on a 
ribbon, " Prestwich"] | and | An Alphabetical Roll of the Names &Armonial Bear- | 
ings of Upwards of Three Hundred Families of the Present | Nobility & Gentry of | 
England, Scotland, Ireland, &c. &c. | London, Printed by and for J. Nichols, 

[Dedicated] " To | The Right Honorable | Thomas To^vnshend Lord Sydney | 
Baron Sydney | of Chislehurst in the County of Kent, | one of His Majesty's prin- 
cipal Secretaries of State, | First Commissioner of the East India Board | and one of 
His Majesty's most Honorable privy council | &c &c &c." 

^^ Balk, April 5, 1181. [Signed] J. Prestwich, 5aro7ie^." 

182 President Wilder^ s Address. [^pril, 


[Delivered at the Annual Meeting, January 1, 1873.] 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

Your courtesy and confidence have again imposed on me the duty 
of addressing you in regard to the present condition and the prospec- 
tive work of our association. By the reports which have just been sub- 
mitted, it will be perceived that the same spirit of activity and enterprise 
which has signalized the progress of recent years, still pervades the opera- 
tions of the society ; that the several departments have been judiciously 
cared for by their respective officers ; and that by a judicious management 
of our pecuniary affairs our disbursements have been restricted to our income. 

The society is now successfully carrying out the designs of its founders, 
and realizing some of the results for which they labored so zealously in the 
beginning. It is receiving the favor and patronage of the public, and in 
return it is cooperating with individuals and institutions at home and 
abroad in the acquisition of whatever may contribute to the completeness , 
of New-England history or the genealogy of her sons. It has furnished 
gratifying evidence of its continued prosperity, and strengthened our ho^^es 
of its growing usefulness, but it has not accomplished all we desire. 

In the address of 1871, the special wants of the society were alluded to, 
and the great importance of supplying them as early as possible. Some of 
these have already been met, but others remain, and should be subjects for 
continued, persistent effort. 

In the address of last year, I stated that although our first great want, 
that of a house, a most important achievement, had been supplied, our 
next greatest necessity was the acquisition of a permanent curator, under 
the title of librarian, whose labors might be devoted to the special super- 
intendence of the institution, and that a person of culture and capacity for 
the discharge of these duties could not be obtained without a suitable com- 
pensation. Fortunately for the society the present incumbent of this office 
possesses these qualifications, but the means of paying his salary were to 
be acquired. A committee was therefore appointed for the purpose of rais- 
ing by subscription a permanent fund, and I am permitted to state that this 
call upon our members has been responded to with the same readiness and 
liberality which characterized the noble subscriptions for the purchase of 
the Society's House. The sum of more than twelve thousand dollars has 
been promised by our friends, but as many of these had subscribed so 
recently for the purchase of the House, and as most of them have been suf- 
ferers by the great fire, it has not been deemed expedient to collect the 
money at this time. That this sum, with further additions, will ultimately be 
realized, and that we shall during the present 3'ear secure a permanent fund 
for the payment of the librarian's salary, I have no reason to doubt. 

In the address of 1872 I referred also to the absolute necessity of arranging, 
classifying and cataloguing our books, pamphlets and manuscripts, so as to 
make them accessible for study in all the branches of history and biography. 
These are increasing more rapidly than ever before, and are properly re- 
ceiving the special supervision of the librarian. During the last year our 
books have increased twelve per cent., and our pamphlets twenty per cent., 

1873.] President Wilder' s Address, 183 

making of the former more than ten thousand volumes, and of the latter 
tliirty-foiir thousand in number. This large collection of pamphlets is 
invaluable, and their arrangement and classification are highly desira- 
ble in every point of view. They would, if that were accomplished, be in a 
better condition for cataloguing, and for binding, if that should be deemed 
expedient. A catalogue would reveal the wealth of our collections and ren- 
der them useful. Another great fire might in a single hour sweep 
away our splendid collection of pamphlets, and without a catalogue 
we should liave a very imperfect knowledge of what we possessed, and 
what we had lost. It is rare that any historical society has fully dis- 
charged its duty to itself or the country by the performance of this work. 
Let us be foremost in showing that we appreciate the value of our hidden 
treasures, and let no reasonable effort be omitted to secure their useful- 
ness. In regard to our pamphlets I expressed the thought, that however 
valuable our books might be, these were, in many respects, equally so for 
historical research, and that unless they were made accessible for study, 
they might as well have remained in their original depositories as in our 
care. I regard the arrangement of its material as an imperative and indis- 
pensable duty of all historical societies, and I am happy to learn from our 
industrious librarian, that he has made such progress in this line of labor 
as to give encouragement, that in a reasonable time he will have prepared a 
list of every book, pamphlet or other document in the archives of the 
society, thus giving to the student a key to the treasures we possess. 

It is proper that I should call your attention to the enlargement of the 
library from other sources than gifts. I need not inform the mem- 
bers of the society, that there has been from its beginning an exceedingly 
uniform and constant growth in all the departments, in bound volumes, in 
pamphlets, and in manuscripts. And when we take into consideration the 
large acccessions of the last year, I think we can safely count upon a similar 
growth in the future. Our members will not fail to place upon our shelves, 
the family and local histories, as they appear from time to time, and a con- 
siderable number of other volumes, which are valuable in the elucidation 
of New-England history. Our deepest gratitude is due to our associates, 
and to other gentlemen, for these annual gifts, and their names are, and, 
I trust, will continue to be, honorably mentioned in our proceedings as 
benefactors of the institution. But I think it will be plainly obvious, that 
this method of enlargement will never build up a complete or exhaustive 
library in all, or even in any, of the departments of New-England history. 
To accomplish this, the works illustrative of our history which have been 
published, either in this country or on the other side of the Atlantic, must 
all be brought together, so that the student may avail himself of all the light 
that has been incorporated into printed books, on any subject whatever, 
which it may be his duty or pleasure to investigate. 

A defect, I am told by writers of history, exists in most of the large and 
important libraries in this country. They contain many valuable, and even 
rare works. But there is not that completeness on the subject of American 
history which is desirable, for they have not been collected with the distinct 
purpose of making this department exhaustive. This state of things has 
rendered it necessary for scholars, either to abandon their purpose of 
writing, or else they have been compelled to expend large sums of money 
in collecting a library of their own. This ought not to be. In this metropo- 
lis, and in the care of this historical society of New-England, there should 
be a library as nearly complete in American history as it is possible 

184 President Wilder' s Address. [-^pril, 

to make it. And it should be open and free to all students and investi- 
gators. That this achievement will be the great and distiuguishing feature 
in the future career of this society, I have no doubt. It is impossible that 
it should be otherwise. It is a want that cannot fail to be recognized, and 
its recognition is an important step towards its accomplishment. 

It will not be ditlicult to see, from what I have already said, that a new 
departure will be necessary in order to accomplish this most desirable 
object. While the gifts of books and pamphlets will, I trust, increase year 
by year, there should be an endowment yielding an annuity of not less than 
a thousand dollars, to be applied in adding to, and perfecting, all the 
departments of the library. A much larger sum than this could be 
expended at once with great advantage. But a sum not less than this will 
always be demanded yearly, to make the library really useful in the largest 
and best sense. It will not require a very large outlay of money to make 
it better than any other in the country. But I hope we shall all of us live 
to see our library, not merely the best, but one that shall furnish the 
facilities for the widest and profoundest researches and investigation in 
American history ; one to which scholars will be attracted from all parts of 
the country, and where they will be able to remove all doubts, which can be 
solved by the records of written history. 

One of the prominent features of our institution is its genealogical 
department. Its object is to furnish the means of tracing out, gathering up, 
and transmitting to posterity the genealogy and history of our members, so 
that, not only they may know who were their ancestors, but their offspring 
through coming generations may learn from whence they were descended. The 
English Heralds' College dates back more than eight centuries, and is still 
the great genealogical depository of our mother country, where the history 
of families may be found running back to very remote periods. 

The personal history of our members is essential for this purpose. The 
knowledge by our members, that the preparation of suitable memorial 
sketches must depend upon their willingness to furnish the materials, should 
stimulate all to aid in this work, and to do all in their power to enable 
the society to record in its annals, just, true and faithful accounts of their 
lives and characters, for the benefit of posterity. 

The genealogy of a family is comparatively barren unless enriched by 
the intermingling of biographical sketches which may stand as land- 
marks in the history of a race. Mere names and dates do not, in any pro- 
per sense, make history or biography, and the living generation must do its 
duty to itself, that posterity may have those authentic memorials which 
no other source can supply. This department is becoming more and more 
interesting and valuable, the importance of which was brought to the notice 
of the society, in the report of our corresponding secretary, last year. 

Genealogy, says one, has supplied many a hiatus in the page of history, 
and unveiled many a secret spring which has influenced the revolutions of 
human affairs. " Not to know what took place before one w as born," says 
Cicero, ** is to remain forever a child," caring nothing for the memories of 
the past, and hoi)ing nothing for the destiny of the future. Genealogy is 
the record of a pure and Heaven-appointed relation for the improvement 
and perpetuation of our race; a relation which constitutes the basis of all do- 
mestic happiness. 

The study of fiimily-hi story, says our associate, the Rev. Mr. Shifter, " tends 
to elevate and ennoble the nature of man, and lift it up to a truer and 
loftier type." Yes, there is a virtue in moral character and christian 

1873.] President Wilder' s Address. 185 

principle, both as it regards this life, and that which is to come, which 
exerts a positive' influence throughout the generations of man. We 
cannot trace it down through the centuries that are to come. AYe know 
not who are to occupy our places when we shall have passed from 
earth ; but this we do know, that, " as face answers to face in water," so the 
virtues of a righteous and honorable ancestry are transmitted through 
the generations of their descendants : 

*' And are to us, as if a living tongue 
Spake from the printed leaves or pictured face." 

Thus the cause we seek to promote is intimately connected with the welfare 

of our race. I know not of a more cheerless reflection to a social 
.' being, than the thought of having no interest in the history of his ancestry ; 
1 no affectionate regard for those who are to follow him ; no record of where 

or what he has been in life, floating like a bubble on the stream of time 

into the ocean of eternity : 

*' Like ships dismantled that were hailed, 
But sent no answer back again." 

In this connection I would state that the New-England Historical 
j and Genealogical liegister has been published regularly during the year. 
'I The gratuitous services of its able and critical editor, and of its contributors, 
and the eflforts of members not only to aid but to induce others to assist in 
extending the number of subscribers, should be gratefully appreciated, and 
tlieir labors should be continued. The twenty-six volumes, which have 
been published, are a library in themselves, and they become more and 
more valuable from year to year. No other publication, that we know 
! of, contains such an amount of material for genealogy, biography and his- 
Jtory, and the value of such a depository, so rare, and even unique, is more 
and more appreciated in all historical studies. Every member of the society 
should be a student of history in every good sense. Let us all feel it a 
duty to be subscribers to the Register, a^d thus help to add another stone 
to the historical monument, which we are striving to erect, for the benefit of 
those who are to come after us. Although apparently limited to the pro- 
motion of a few objects, our Society aftbrds opportunities to all its mem- 
bers to render essential aid in placing memorials on imperishable record,, 
that shall redound to the honor of their family, the glory of New-England: 
and the benefit of our race. 

Permit me again to call your attention to the importance of securing as- 
soon as practicable the means for obtaining papers to be read at our monthly 
meetings, by our distinguished members and friends, who reside at 
a distance, as well as from those who reside in this city. True, we have been 
favored from month to month with valuable papers from gentlemen resi- 
dent here, but we also desire to procure papers from eminent historical 
scholars of other states, and who should not be expected to incur the expense 
of both time and travel. 

It has been my custom on former occasions, to co'nfino my remarks to 
the business operations of the society, and by a review of our progress 
and prosperity, encourage you to renewed exertions for the future. But I 
cannot pass in silence some events which have transpired during the past 
year ; events which should have a record in our archives, and which will ever 
be memorable in the history of this city, and our country. 


186 F resident Wilder^ s Address. [x^pril, 

I allude, first, to that wide si:>rcad epizootic malady which threatened the 
auuihilation of the noblest of our domestic animals ; which for a time pro- 
duced consternation and dismay in the marts of business ; which substituted 
the labor of men for that of beasts, and which imparted to our deserted 
streets a gloom never to be forgotten ; when men, who would not bear the 
yoke of kings, bent their necks in harnessed team, and with the patient ox 
drew our merchandise through the streets, like funeral processions, emblema- 
tic of a departing trade and civilization. Nor should it be forgotten that 
the prostration of the horse and the delay occasioned by his withdrawal 
from service, is regarded by many as one of the primary causes of the extent 
of our late great conflagration, to which I shall soon allude. This disease of 
the horse first appeared in Toronto, Canada, about the middle of October, 
and immediately spread, within forty-eight hours, easterly to Montreal, west- 
erly to Detroit, southerly to Bufialo and Rochester, and in about three days 
after it reached the latter city, it struck the cities of New-York and Boston, 
from thence running through the country, and it has not yet entirely 
disappeared from our borders. 

When we reflect upon the beauty, docility, strength and speed of the 
horse ; when we consider his adaptation to our wants, wants that cannot be 
supplied by any other animal ; how he has been admired in past ages as 

" Noblest of all the train that wait on man ;" 

how much we have been indebted to this animal, " whose legs are 
wheels, whose sinews are iron, and whose speed outstrippeth the wind," and 
how much he has contributed to the wealth and comfort of our race, we may 
say, in the words of Edward Everett : — " Strike out from our civilization 
what the horse has contributed, and we shall find a surprising large blank." 
Said the late Abbott Lawrence : " We talk in these modern times of what 
the steam-engine and the electric telegraph have done for civilization, but 
the horse has been a greater civilizer than either the steam-engine or the elec- 
tric telegraph. We owe more to the horse for civilization than to all other 
animals that are within the domiiyon of man." 

AYe need not refer to the attachment of Bishop Heber to his fiivorite 
" Arab," to illustrate the traits of this useful animal, traits whicli often 
emulate and sometimes surpass the things which give rank and title to 
beings of a higher order. His kindness, his strength, his intelligence and 
valor have been celebrated in history and in holy writ. How grand the 
description given of him on the tented field : " His neck is clothed with 
thunder, the glory of his nostrils is terrible. He goeth to meet the armed 
men. He mocketh at fear. He is not affrighted, neither turneth he back 
from fear of the sword." 

I cannot omit, in the proceedings of this day, a reference to what will ever 
be desiijnated as the Great Boston Fire of 1872. Accustomed as we 
have been to the belief, that it would be im]X)ssible for the city of Boston 
to be the scene of a great conflagration, we find it dillicult to comprehend the 
gigantic proportions and ulterior influence of this sad disaster. On the 
niirht of the 9th and morninfj of the 10th of last November, this awfullv 
calamitous fire struck the very heart of our beloved city, the magnitude of 
which has only one, if any, parallel in the history of this nati(^n. No otlier 
city in our own, or indeed in any other country, possessed such connnercial 
structures of architectural beauty and solidity, none of such massive 
granite ; and yet this stone seemed as kindlings for the flame, and crum- 

1S73.] Prcsidejit Wilder' s Address, 187 

lilcd like powder before the devouring fire. And who that witnessed 
til. it tempest of flame, that lurid glare and columned smoke, which veiled 
t!iG sun from our eyes at his rising on that Sunday morning, can ever forget 
1 1 u; wild horror of the scene ! Where only twelve hours before stood our 
ticgant stores, the temples of commerce, in the richest and fairest part of 
nir city, now there were only to be seen shapeless ruins, sixty-five 
Mcres in extent, involving a loss of seventy to one hundred millions of 
(loUars, and presenting a scene as though the battlements of heaven had 

■ned and our devoted city had been bombarded with fire and shell, leveling 
I !c finest conceptions of ai'chitectural skill, strength, and beauty to a wreck 
uf shapeless granite, smouldering ruin and streetless confusion.^ We would 
not omit to mention the self-sacrificing labors, and the contributions made 
by our benevolent men and women in behalf of the sufferers by this fire. 
Especially would we record the noble manner with which the merchants and 
other large losers met the terrible disaster, and tlie true New-England energy 
and enterprise by which most of them are seeking to rebuild their stores, 
resume their business, and recover their losses. 

But let no one believe that this strange calamity was permitted of God 
as a punishment for our sins. No, no. This was a providence of our 
heavenly Eather working according to estal)lished laws, or, I should rather 
say, the 0[)eration of one of the infallible laws of His government, teaching 
us to build wiser and better in the future, proclaiming to us, as the flames 
leaped from roof to roof, with tongue of Are, Not so high ! No more wooden 
Mansards beyond the reach of water! No more conflagration-boxes on 
their tops! This is the lesson which this fire teaches, and if we profit 
not by this terrible visitation in the better preparation for such an emer- 
gency in the future, we may pray in vain for the Lord to keep the city. 
And we may well bear in mind, that when the Lord maketh his ministers 
a flame of fire, he will not set bounds that they may not pass, until the 

carelessness of man is brou<j;ht into obedience to His laws. I5ut while we 

thus speak, let no city say that it is safe from a similar calamity. There 

is nothing safe on earth ; nothing sure but death ; nothing true but Heaven ! 

But while we deplore the loss of many lives, the blotting out of so 
much wealth and elegance, and the misfortunes of so many who were yester- 
day in ease or affluence, the sorrow and suflering of those whose investments 
vanished in the flames, let us be thankful that so much is saved. Let us be 
grateful that our beloved city was not, like our sister city, Chicago, almost 
wdu^lly destroyed ; that while some valuable private collections of books and 
art-treasures were lost by the fire, all our public libraries, museums and 
galleries of art, our schoolhouses, all of our churches with the exception of 
the venerable Trinity and St. Stephen's Chapel, most of our banks and 
hotels, and all our shipping, were exempted from this direful calamity. 

We would not forget the generous sympathy and aid which has been ten- 
dered to our city. A little more than a year since we sympathized with 
Chicago in the greatest fire that had ever occurred on this continent. Now 
Chicago, and other cities at home and abroad, extend the hand of sympathy 
to Boston, and thus these afflictions serve to bind not only our cities together 

^ The whole number of buildings destroyed, exclusive of those slightly damaged, was 
776, of which 709 were of brick and stone, and 67 of wood. The assessors' vaUiatioii 
of these buiidinj^s amounts to $d3, 591,300, and it is estimated that to replace thera 
would cost at least .^18,000,000. The value of personal property destroyed was about 
^60,000,000. The number of estates within the district covered by the fire was about ooO. 
Fourteen persons are known to have lost their lives, seven of whom were firemen. — Mayor 
Pierce's Inaugural Address, 

188 President Wilder'' s Address, [^pril; 

in affectionate ties, but tend to unite the citizens of the whole world in one 
great family of life and love. These are the truthful words of Henry "Ward 
Beeclier : " God could not have laid the hand of fire on any other city that 
would have touched the vital cord of sympathy so widely as this. It is not 
a local calamity, it is national. It touches the lieart of every man that 
rejoices in refinement, that loves what is noble in American history." 

On this New Years' Day, permit me to offer to you, gentlemen of the 
society, my cordial salutations, with my sincere desire for the personal hap- 
piness of all our members throughout the states. When we consider that 
this is a New -England association, that its home is in the great metropolis 
of her territory, and that on its roll of members is inscribed the names of 
several hundreds of her sons, let these considerations animate us with renewed 
zeal for its continued usefulness ; so that future generations shall record with 
gratitude the names of those who now labor for the preservation of our 
history, as we do the memories of those who laid the foundations of our 
institution. In our progress we may meet with delays and disappointments, 
but let not these discourage us. 

" Let us, still, be up and doing, 
W ith a heart for any fate ; 
Still achieving, still pursuing, 
Learn to labor and to wait." 

But while we acknowledge with sincere gratitude the liberality which has 
contributed so largely to our funds, the untiring and gratuitous labors of 
our associates so generously rendered in our behalf, the interest, sympathy, 
and other proofs which cheer and encourage us in our noble w^ork, let 
us remember that the prosperity and usefulness of our association must 
depend mainly upon the enterprise, energy and perseverance of its work- 
ing members. And what more dutiful or grateful service can we render to 
our kindred or country, than to hand down to posterity a record of the 
times, precepts and deeds of a virtuous and patriotic ancestry ! What more 
philanthropic duty than to transmit to future generations the history of our 
own New-England, from which have emanated, more than from any other 
source, the principles which have made our beloved nation what it is ! In 
the language of another : " Her history is written in the best things that 
have befallen this land." 

And what son of New-England does not feel the obligation that rests 
upon him ! Said Daniel Webster, at Plymouth Rock, " Next to a sense of 
religious duty and moral character, I hardly know what should bear with 
more obligation on a liberal and enlightened mind, than a consciousness of 
alliance with excellence which has departed, and a consciousness that it 
may be actively operating on the happiness of those that are to come after 
us. It is neither false or vain to consider ourselves as interested, and 
connected with our whole race, through all time, allied to our ancestors, 
allied to our posterity ; ourselves being but links in the great chain of being, 
which begins with the origin of our race, runs onward through its successive 
generations, binding together the past, the present, and the future, and 
terminating at last with the consummation of all things earthly, at the 
throne of God." 

1873.] Notes and Queries, 189 


Mould Family. — I have taken the following abstract from the records of New- 
London, Conn., vol. iv. p. 1 : — 

"To all christian pcq^le to whom these presents shall come. Greeting, Know 
yee that I Hugh Mould of New-London, in the Colony of Connecticut shipwright, 
being now in posBession of the hull of the good sloop called the Charles of New 
London, built by me for the proper account of Charles Hill & Clu'it-itopher Christo- 
phers " &c. &c. " In testimony AVhereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal in 
New London this 2'^ day of Jan^ in the three & twentieth year of the reigne of our 
sovreigne Lord Charles the 2^^ of England, Scotland, France & Ireland, King ; 
Anno Domini 1G71-2." [Signed] " IJuon Mould." 

Examining farther my memoranda from the New-London records I find the follow- 
ing relative to the Mould Fanjily : 

Vol. iv, p. 39. — Hugh Mould of Barnstable was married to Martha dau. of John 

Coit June 11^'' 1602 
Susanna, dau. of Hugh & Martha Mould, was born Apl. 2'^ 1063 
Mary, *' " " " " " " " July 2Gt>i 1065 

(p. 40) 
Hugh, son " " «' " " *' " Oct. (middle) 1667 

(p. 41) 
Christian, dau " •* •' " ♦* *' '* May 8*^ 1670 

(p. 43) 
Mnrtha, " *' *< " '* '<■ *' " Dec 25'>M674 

(p. 44) 
Jane, '' ** " *' '* *' " " Feb 7»i^ 1676-7 

(p. 47) 
Hester, " " '' *' '' '' '* ** Aug. 27"^ 1081 

(p. 55.) Clement Miner & Martha Mould, m^ Aug. 4"^ 1698 

On Records of Middletown, Conn., I find : 
Daniel White and Susanna Mould, of New London, ma March 1683 
Capt. W'n Savage and Christian Mould " " " " May 6'^ 1696 

I find no trace of male descendants of this name ; but from the female branches, 
they may be numbered by thousands. 

As this Hugh Mould was, through his four daughters, the ancestor of many of our 
Connecticut ftimilies (my own, among the rest), any earlier information relative to 
him, will much interest many readers of the Register. 

Chicago^ Feb. 1873. Edwin Hubbard. 

NoRTHEND AND WiGGLESWORTH. — Johu Northcud and Edward Northcnd were 
witnesses to the will of William Wiglesworth of Shipden, parish of Halifax, York- 
shire, England, which will is dated 10 October, 1590. Can the early settler of 
Rowley, Ezekiel Northend, be traced to either of the above persons or to that locality ? 

Does not this connection of the names of Wiglesworth and Northend, and the 
Bubsequcnt appearance of one of the latter name in the company of the Rev. Ezekiel 
Rogers at Rowley, lend a shade of probability to the theory broached by Mr. Dean 
in his Memoir of Rev. Michael U^/T/Zesi^'orM (page 18), that Wigglesworth may 
have come over with Rogers? The above testator, William Wiglesworth, calls 
Edward Northend his brother-in-law. John M. Bradbury. 

Ipswich, Mass. 

He A ley-Wing ATE. — [Register, ante, p. 61, note.] — The special and formal invita- 
tion to the Rev. Paine Wingate, there printed, was only part of a violent quarrel 
about the situation or location of the meeting-house at Hampton Falls. Wingate 
and Col. (afterward Pres.) Meshech Weare lived at what was then, and is now 
known as Brimstone Hill, where the old meeting-house was, and they headed a 
strong party in favor of retaining it there. The people at the upper part of the 
town, after some difficulty, secured the erection of a new meeting-house nearer the 
centre of the town, and 1 think Wingate pointedly refused to preach there. Hence 
the formal invitation, and finally Wingate's leavin,^ in little more than a year, 

Nathaniel Haley should be Healey. Capt. Natlianiel Healey was an active and 
Vol. XXVn. 17* 

190 Notes and Queries. [April, 

influential man in town, and although then advanced in years (he was born in 1687), 
was earnest in the project for the new meeting-houee against Weare, who was a cousin 
of hissecond wife, and the minister. Stephen Haley (Haley should be tiealcy) was his 
son. His elder son, who had married a sister of Pres. Weare, resided in Kensington, 
and took no part in the contest. Both meeting-houses are now gone. My cousin, 
Welles AYeare Healey, Esq.. resides on the spot where the new meeting-house, 
which his great-great-grandfather was interested in building, stood. 
After Wingate went away, the new and not the old meeting-house was used. 
Exeter, N. H.y Jan. 1873. Joux J. Bell. 

English Schools. — In Lyson's Magna Britannia, London, 1810, vol. ii. pp. 
743-4, appears the followintr record, under the head of Cheshire: 

" The township of Pott-Shrigley lies about four miles and a half, N. N. E., from 
Macclesfield. * * * in this township is a school founded in 1684 by John 
Barlow and endowed with a rent-charge of £6 for the master and 208. to buy books. 
Mr. William Lunt, in 1688, gave a rent-charge of £2 j5er annwm to this school. 
Beristall or Beristow Hall in Shrigley was for many years the seat of a younger 
branch of the Shrigley family, which was not extinct in 1662, when the hall waa 
sold to Alderman Lunt, of Macclesfield, etc." 

Lunt. — " The townships, of which one is a chapelry, comprised in the parish of 
Sefton, are— 

Lunt, Ince-Blundell, Little Crosby, Great Crosby (C), Litherland, Orrell and 
Ford, Netherton, Ainslee, Thornton and Septon, Lunt is a small township, which 
anciently gave name to a family of whom was Richard de Lund, who had Ijy gift of 
Nicholas Blundell all his right in the lands of Great Crosby, which Bichard, the 
clerk, had of the gift of Agnes, his mother, in 4th Edw. HI. (1331). " Tradition, 
unsupported by evidence, states that the heiress of Lunt married a Molineux, to 
account for the possession of the township by the earl of Sefton, whose ancestors 
have from time immemorial been superior lords of the parish. Lunt House, one 
of the twelve dwellings which compose the village or hamlet, is the residence of 
Mrs. Margaret Bootle." — Barnes's ZancasAzVe, vol. iv. p. 213 (1836). 

BusHNELL — Griswold — BuLKELEY — RoBBiNS. — The Rcv. F. W. Chapman, of 
Rocky Hill, Conn., has been engaged for some time in collecting materials for 
genealogies of the above named families, and the volumes will be given to the press, 
separately, as soon as completed. All members of these families, or others having 
information of a genealogical or biographical nature, are requested to forward the 
same and their subscriptions to his address, as above. 

Harris. — Who was J. Harris,of Ipswich, that married Dr. Benjamin Franklin's 
half sister, Annie Franklin ? g. j. s. 

Officers of the U. S. Frigate Essex, Mat 14, 1801. — I send you enclosed an 
original return of the ofiicers who were attached to the U. S. Frigate Essex, in New-' 
York, on the 14th of May, 1801, after her return from her first cruise, and when 
being prepared for another. 1 have appended some notes to each name, showing 
their further naval history, which I have derived from Mechlin & Winder's General 
Register of the JSavy and Marine Corps from 1798 to 1847. [See next page. — Ed.] 

Lieut. Tew was a midshipman on board the Essex on her first cruise. Richard 
Butler shipped on board of her as a master's mate at Cape Town, March 25, 1800. 
He was a son of Gen. Butler of the Revolutionary army. Midshipmen " Scallon," 
*' Shattuck," " Rowe " and " Randall " were also midshipmen on board the Essex 
on her first cruise. Midshipmen Henry and Merrill were ordered from the " Con- 
necticut." Other officers joined the ship in Norfolk, where " Bainbridge " relieved 
*' Preble " of the command. It is said that Bernard Henry and the late Commodore 
Jas. Biddle were both in love with the same young lady, and that, unable to give 
the preference to either, she informed them that she would marry the one who would 
give evidence of his superior attachment to her by resigning from the service. 
Ilenry resigned, and won his fair prize; wliile Jiiddle remained, wedded to the 
service, and gained undying honor in the war of 1812-14 which immediately ensued. 
Henry and Biddle remained good friends through life, and Henry's cliildren were 
remembered by Biddle in his will when he died. Ilenry was Commodore Biddle 's 
secretary while the latter was governor of the naval asylum in Philadelphia in 
1840-44. . G. n. p. 


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192 Notes and Queries, [^P^i^? 

Hayden — WiLcoxsoN. — Tn Hayden Genealogj" (Stiles's Windsor, N. E. Histori- 
cal AND (jiENEALOGic'AL REGISTER, Vol. xiv, page 304, and Savage's Die), William 
Hayden, emigrant of 1030, m. second, Margaret, wid. of VVilliam Wilcockson, 
who emigrated in " y^- ship Planter 2" Apriiis 1635, fr. St Albans, Hertfordshire, 
Eng." Tiiis AV'illiam Wilcockson settled in Stratford, and is the William men- 
tioned on page C2, N. E. His. and Gen. Keg., 1873. Lieut. Daniel Hayden, son of 
"William, m. Hannah, dau. of William and Mary Wilcoxson (then spelled Wilcock- 
Bon), March 17, 16C4. Can any of your readers give me any records of this William 
W. and his descendants other than Savage gives? Is the John W., page 03 of 
Register, 1873, the son John who emigrated with William in 1035, then aged " 2 
years '' ? Is Savage correct in his record of Wilcockson's family ? 

Hayden — Bissell. — Esther Haj-den, of William (sup.), dau. of Lieut. Daniel 
^Stiles's Windsor) and Esther (Moore) Hayden, m. Capt Ebenezer Fitch Bit<sell, 
distinguished in the Revolutionery War. Can any one add to the record which 
Stiles ^ives of Bissell and his descendants? 

Hayden — Enos. — Jerusha Hayden, second dau. of Daniel and Esther H., m. Col. 
Roger Enos (afterward General), U. S. Army, 1774. Can any one add to Stiles's 
record of General Enos ; or give whereabouts of any descendant of Bissell or of 
Enos ? 

Hayden — Nixon— Robinson. — In addition to the above, I want records of the 
family of William Hayden, 1630, W^indsor, Conn. ; of the Nixons and Robinsons of 
New-Jersey and Delaware ; and any information that will aid to complete a 
genealogy of the family of said William Hayden. 

Point Pleasant, West Va., 1873. [Rev.] Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Potter, the Rev. Isaiah, was a native of Plymouth, Conn., graduated at Yale 
College in 1767, studied theology with Dr. Smalley, of Berlin, Conn., and was a 
fellow student M'ith Dr. Nathaniel Emmons. Two of his brothers were also minis- 
ters. He was ordained as the first settled minister of the town of Lebanon, N. H., 
on the 6th of July, 1772. The services on this occasion took place in the open air, 
on a stage erected beneath a large elm tree, standing on the bank of the Connecticut 
river. This tree was standing in 1801, but was removed before 1867, having become 
much decayed. The ordination sermon was preached by the Rev. Mr. Olcott, of 
Charlestown, N. H. 

In addition to £62 granted by the proprietors towards the settlement of the first 
minister, the town voted to give Mr. P. £38. His annual salary was £50 for two 
years, and then to increase five pounds annually up to eighty. On this small sum 
he brought up a family of four children, and educated two sons at Dartmouth 
College. Truly, this was the day of small things. In his last days a cloud settled 
upon his mind, disturbing his reason. He died suddenly, at Lebanon, July 2, 1817, 
aged 71, having been the pastor of this church about forty-five years. 

Mr. Potter married Elizabeth Barrett, daughter of John Barrett, Esq., of North- 
field, Mass. Their children were : 

Barrett, born in Lebanon, N. H., May 8, 1777, graduated at Dartmouth College 
in 1796, and died in Portland, Me., 16th November, 1805, aged 88.— John, born 7th 
of April, 1787, graduated at Dartmouth College in 1806, ana died in Augusta, Me., 
11th of May, 1865, aged 78. — Elizabeth, married James Howe, and died in Lebanon. 
— Thomas, met with an accident when a child, which subsequently deprived 
him of his sight, and he has been totally blind for many years. 

Mr. Potter published the following sermons : (1) preached before Franklin Lodirc, 
Hanover, June 24th, 1802 ; (2) at the funeral of Joel Marsh, Oct. 14th, 1811 ; (3) 
at the annual Fast, March 25th, 1813; (4) at the funeral of two young men who 
were drowned in April, 1793. Thomas Waterman. 

BiDWELL.— Of the author of the diary on page 153, we have the following 
genealogical information, from Mr. E. W. Bidwell, of Providence: — 

Adonijah Bidwell, born in Hartford, Conn., 18 Oct. 1716, and d. in !Monterey, 
Mass., 2 June, 1784 ; mar. 24 Oct. 1752, Theodosia Cotton, born 13 May, 1721, and 
d. 8 June, 1759 ; no issue. He mar. second, 16 Oct. 1760, Jemima Devotion, born 
13 May, 1727, and d. 7 Feb. 1771. His first and second wives were first cousins, 
and they were both first cousins of Pres. Stiles, of Yale. The Devotions were a 
Ilu.guenot family. Jemima was born in Sheflield, Mass., and d. in Hartford, west 
division. Theodosia Cotton was a dau. of the Rev. Benjamin, of Hartford, and had 
the reputation of being a jwet of merit. 

1873.] Notes and Queries, 193 

Children by second wife: Adonijah, born 6 Aug. 1761, and d. 14 Feb. 1837; 
Barnabas, b. 23 Aug. 1763, and d. 27 July, 1833 ; Jemima, b. 26 Jan. 1765, and d. 
28 Jan. 1842 ; Thcodosia, b. 29 Nov. 1766, and d. 5 April, 1841. 

He mar. third, 28 Oct. 1772, Ruth Kent, born 1730, and d. Dec. 1815, of Suffield, 

The Rev. Adonijah^ s pedigree is as follows : — 

1. John Bidweil, one of the first settlers in Hartford, Ct., 1639, and the ancestor of 
all of the name in the county (except two very small families, one from "Wales and 
the other from Ireland, but of J]nglish descent). 

2. John Bidweil, of Hartford. 

3. Thomas Bidweil, father of the Rev. Adonijah. lie was bom in Hartford. 
27 Dec. 1082 ; d. 1716 ; mar. 28 March, 1707,' Prudence Scott, b. 1683, and d, 
14 Feb. 1763. Children :— 

A child born 29 May, 1710, d. 29 May, 1710 ; Thomas, born 16 May, 1711, d. 1746 ; 
Abigail, born 18 Aug. 1713, probably d. youn^ ; Jonathan, born 12 Jan. 1715, proba- 
bly d. young ; Adonijah, born 18 Oct. 1716, d. 2 June, 1784. 

The parents lived in Hartford, and he had a store north of the State House between 
Exchange Corner and the Hartford Bank. He was also an owner of trading vessels, 
and was lost at sea in 1716, while on a voyage to the Barbadoes for rum orsui^ar. 

The Rev. Adonijah was a posthumous son. He graduated at Yale in 1740 ; in 1741 
he taught school at Hartford and Hartford west division (now West Hartford) . In 
1744 he served as chaplain on the Ct. colony sloop, 20 weeks. In 1745 he served in 
the^ same capacity 39 weeks, and in 1747 he served 18 weeks, makin<^ 77 weeks ; for 
which he received £272 as pay and £39 as plunder. During part of 1740 he kept 
school in Wintonbury, Ct., in 1747 in Simsbury, and in 1747-8 in West Hartford. 
He was ordained in 1744 (5 Oct.?) .He preached in Simsbury, Ct., between 1747-50, 
and in 1749 he preached 29 Sundays in Kinderhook, N. Y., lor which he received 
£122. . *" 

Sept. 25, 1750, the church in Tyringham, Mass. (now Monterey), was organized 
under him with eight members, and he was installed 3 Oct., 1750. The foundations 
of the old church could, in 1854, be traced on the hill above the "old meeting- 
house." His house stood about N. E. by E. from the church-yard. The only 
remains of his house, in 1854, was a pile of stones which partly filled up the cellar, 
and some remains of the garden, in which were still growing a few currant and 
gooseberry bushes and rose trees. His son Barnabas was treasurer of Berkshire Co., 
Mass., attorney-general of ^lass., and member of congress from JNIass. ; and his 
son. the late Marshall Spring Bidweil, was for a long time speaker of the assembly 
in Canada, and afterward, in New- York, was one of the most eminent in his pro- 
fession. He was born 16 Feb. 1799, and died 24 Oct. 1872. He mar. 1 Sept. 1818, 
Clara Wilcox, who was born 1 Sept. 1798, and died 23 April, 1862. He was born 
in Stock bridge, Mass. He removed from Canada to New- York in 1838. 

Leland, Patience. — In the elaborate and carefully prepared genealogy of the Rice 
family (1858), edited by the late Hon. Andrew Henshaw Ward, is to be found, on 
page 7 (family of Matthew Rice), the youngest child, " Patience, born March 5, 
1671." She is denominated in the will of her father, in 1716, " Patience Leland " ; 
and became the inheritor of a tract of territory in the town of Framingham, called 
Indian Head, 

It may not be amiss to state that investigations show the alliances of said Patience, 
extended on pa^e 33, with the names of Holbrook as of her first marriage and 
Hopestill Leland as second, are erroneous. Ebenezer Leland was the husband of 
Patience, who became his second wife, and she happens to be overlooked in Judge 
Leland 's tabular pedigrees. Prof. Morse allows second wife, but renders her name 
Patience Sahin (possibly she may have been a widow) ; and Dr. Savage adopts 
the same designation, seemingly warranted by finding on the first page of his fourth 
volume a Sabin with the same prefix, yet of insufficient age for this alliance. 

It finally appears evident, and it may help some who trace pedigrees, or search-the 
transfers of the land title, to state that the Middlesex Deeds, vol. xxv. 455, exhibit 
the sale by Thos. Sawin and wife Deborah, Dorothy Ware, and Ebenezer Leland with 
wife Patience (tlie heirs of Matthew Rice), to Joseph Stone, Jr., of Lexington, of 
*' the Indian head farm " of 150 acres, &c. &c. ; dated April 2, 1722 ; recorded 
1726. w. 

Huntington Family Memoir. — The second edition of this work is now nearly 
ready for the press. At least four reasons seem to justify this re-issue. First, the 

194 Notes and Queries. [April, 

corrections and additions for which the first edition prepared the way. Second, the 
results of the author's researches in England, during the past spring and summer. 
Third, the progress of the family since the first edition was issued in 1863. Fourth, 
the promise of many additional engravings for the new edition. 

Additional items, including the latest changes in families belonging to the name, 
will still reach the author, the Rev. E. B. Huntington, Stamford, Conn., in season 
for insertion. 

IsHAM. — Can any reader of the Register inform me what became of Robert Isham, 
aged 14, who left London, for Virginia, Aug. 1635, in the ship " Globe," Jeremy 
Blackman, master? 

Also, who were the ancestors of Joseph Isham, of Colchester, Conn., who had a 
son Joseph about 1734-5? Ralph Isham. 

Brooklyn, N. F., Jan. 1873. 

Knapp. — For some years I have been collecting materials for a genealogy of the 
descendants of Wm. Knapp, who settled in Watertown, Mass., about 1630. All 
persons of the name of Knapp are invited to communicate what they may know in 
regard to their ancestors. Any information, names, dates or places, even though 
within a generation, will be gratefully acknowledged. Arthur M. Knapp. 

52 Montgomery St., Boston. 

The Boston Ministers. — The following version of the first poem on the Boston 
Ministers was found among the private papers of the Rev. Samuel Cooke, of whom 
an account will be found in the Cutter Family, pp. 290-5. He was the first minister 
(1739-83) of the Second Precinct in Cambridge, now Arlington, Mass., and was an 
ardent revolutionary patriot. The papers were loaned me by the late Miss Anne 
Bradshaw (b. 1786, d. 1869), the last surviving grandchild of the Rev. Mr. Cooke ; 
and, after I had used them, they were returned to Miss Bradshaw. It will be 
noticed that this version differs in several particulars from both of those given in the 
Register, vol. xxv. p. 420. William R. Cutter. 

Lexington, Mass. 

Here's puny John from Northampton Little Hopper if you think proper, 

A lukewarm, moderate man, In Lihertie's cause is bold ; 

His collea,i?ae stout is without doubt And John Old North of little [worth], 

Rank'd witli a Tory clan. Wont sacrifice for gold. 

There's puffing Pem, who does condemn In Brattle Street we seldom meet 

All lihertie's true sons; AVith silver-tonccued Sam, 

And Andrew Sly who oft draws nigh Who gently glides between the tides. 

To Tommy's skin and bones. And so escapes a jam. 

Old Mather's race will not disgrace Penuel Puff is hearty enough, 

Their noble pedigree; And so is Simeon Howard ; 

And Charles Old Brick, both well and sick, And long lane Teaguc will join the League, 

Will cry for Liberty. That Freedom may be ours. 

Crawford's Expedition. — " An Historical Account of Col. William Crawford's 
Expedition against Sandusky, in 1782. By C. W. Butterfield." 

It is proposed to publish a work bearing the above title, in one vol. 8vo., of about 
350 pages, printed on tinted paper, neatly bound in English cloth, gilt top, and 
uncut edges, or entirely uncut, as soon as a sufficient number of subscribers can be 
secured. Price, $3.50. Payable on delivery. 

Crawford's Campaign was one of the most notable of the distinct military enter- 
prises of the Western Border War of the Revolution. On account of the paucity 
of authoritative published statements relating to it, the author has been compelled, 
from the commencement, to depend, to a considerable extent, upon authorities in 
manuscript. Nor can this be regretted ; as it has caused the pushing of investiga- 
tions, whenever practicable, to fountain sources. Traditicms have been relied 
upon, only when better testimony was wanting ; and not even then, without care- 
ful consideration and the closest scrutiny. 

The melancholy death of Crawford caused a profound sensation throughout the 
United States. So prominent a soldier and citizen had not, during the revolution, 
met such a cruel fate. It took a strong and lasting hold upon tlie S3''mpathies of 
the people. The writer has attempted faithfully to record tlie leading incidents of 
his life, and to narrate, with particularity, the circumstances attending its close. 

1873.] N, E, Historic J Genealogical Society. 195 

In the preparation of tlie work, the author has endeavored to give tlie real mo- 
tives which actuated the patriotic borderers in their march into the wilderness. 
IJe has sou«;ht, also, by untiring effort, to bring before the public such ])articulars 
of tlie campaign as seemed worthy of perpetuation. It is believed, therefore, as 
much relial)ility has been attained as well could be, concerning events occurring 
beyond the extreme western frontier of our country during the turbulent period of 
its struggle for independence. 

^f" ^udsgripfio7is by librarians and others interested should be sent to Robert 
Clark 4' Co., Cincinnati, O. 

Washuurn.— The common ancestor is John, who, by tradition, was the secretary 
of the MasHachusetts Comj)any. lie settled in Duxbury prior to 1G32, and was one 
ot the first settlers in Bridgewater. He had a son John, who is ancestor to most if 
I not all of the name in the United States. From John, through his son Samuel, came 
Jsracl, late governor of Maine; Cadmallader C, now governor of \Vit?eonsin ; 
I'JIi/m B., minister at Paris; and Charles A., late minister at Paraguay, — ail 
brothers, and sixth in descent from John. 

From John, tiirough his son Joseph, came Emory, late governor of Massachusetts, 
fifth in descent from John ; William 13., n )W governor of Mas.sachusetts, sixth in 
descent from John; and Peter T. {ante, xxv. 301), late governor of Vermont, sixth 
in descent from John. e. 


Prepared by the Rev. Douus Clarke, D.D., Historiogi-apher. 

Eaton. — The lion. Lilley Eaton was born in that part of Reading, Ms., lately in- 
corporated as a town l)y the name of Wakefield, Jan. 13, 180:2, and died there Jan. 10, 
1872, at the age of seventy years. He descended, on the paternal side, from Jonas 
Eaton, who came from England and settled in Reading, lie was one of the earliest 
settlers of that town. He was made freeman in 1053, was afterwards chosen a 
selectman, and died in 1G74. Jonas had a son by the name of Jonathan, who was 
born in 1055. Jonathan had a son by the name of Moah, who was born in 1704. 
Noah had a son by the name of Lilley, who was born in 1738. Lilley had a son by 
the name of Lilley, who was born in 1708, and Lilley had a son by the name of 
Lilley, who was the father of Mr. Eaton, the subject of the i)resent notice. 

Mr. Eaton, on the maternal side, descended from Nathaniel Evans, who, accord- 
ing to family tradition, came to this country from ^V^iles, with his father Henry 
Evans, and settled in that part of Maiden which is now called Greenwood. 

Mr. Eaton was educated in the public schools in Reading, and was fitted for col- 
lege at Bradford Academy, under that distinguished instructor, Benjamin Green- 
leaf. In conseiiuence of the death of his father, he abandoned the idea of a pro- 
fessional life, and entered upon mercantile pursuits in the town of his nativity. He 
was su])sequently elected cashier and treasurer of several corporations in that town. 
From 1827 to 18-19, and from 1851 to 1851, he served the town as one of the select- 
men, and from 1829 to 1849 he was town clerk. He also served the town in various 
other municipal capacities. From 1831 to 1835, and from 1845 to 1848, he was a 
representative in the general court, and in 1838 and 1839 he was a member of the 
senate. He was also a member of the convention which revised the constitution of 
Massachusetts in 1853. 

Mr. Eaton edited the Bi-Centennial Celebration of the Incorporation of the Old 
Town of Rcadiny, May 29, 1844. He also had nearly completed, at the time of his 
death, a History of Reading, including the towns of Reading, Wakefield, and North 

Mr. Lilley Eaton was married to Miss Eliza Nichols, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth Nichols, Nov. 11, 1824. Mrs. Eaton is still living." They had four chil- 
dren, namely : 

Henry Lilley Eaton, born June 27, 1826 ; Stillman Augustus Eaton, born Jan. 25, 
1828 ; Everett Webster Eaton, born July 9, 1835 ; and Chester W. Eaton, born Jan. 
13, 1839. 

Mr. Eaton died suddenly of paralysis ; and the announcement of his unexpectad 

196 N. E. Historic J Genealogical Society. [April, 

demise called forth many expressions of sorrow from his fellow citizens, who had 
known him intimately, and honored him highly for the intrinsic excellences of 
his character, and for his wide usefulness in so many important spheres. 

27/ e Wakefield Banner said : — 

*' Of the i)rominent men identified with the history of our town, the name of 
Hon. Lilley Eaton appears more conspicuous than that of any other ; few persons 
have been honored so highly by his townsmen, and none have been chosen by them 
so frequently to fill positions of trust and honor. And it may further be added that 
very few are to be found so capable of filling them. 

" But he was distinguished most preeminently for his intimate knowledge of 
everything pertaining to our local history, even to the genealogical family histories 
of every one descended from the settlers or former residents of our town. He was 
often more familiar with such histories than the individuals immediately concerned, 
and was considered an authority to which any one might go for information on 
such matters." 

The auditors of the town of Wakefield, who had long been associated with Mr. Eaton 
in oflficial relations, bear the following testimony to his character and worth : — 

"• We shall ever remember, with admiration, the faithfulness and zeal which he 
manifested in offices of trust and honor, his judicious conduct and advice, his earnest 
advocacy of that which was good, his kindly and generous aid of benevolent insti- 
tutions and operations, and especially, his remarkable cheerfulness, equanimity and 
^ood nature, which made him so valuable as a citizen and neighbor, and so compan- 
ionable as a friend." 

Mr. Eaton was elected a resident member of this society, March 3, 1870. 

Farwell. — The Hon. Stephen Thurston Farwell, of Cambridge, was the son of 
Deacon John Farwell, of Fitchburg, Mass., and was bom in that place, June 21, 
1805. His grandfather was Deacon John Farwell, of Groton, Mass. His mother 
was Hannah Thurston, of Concord, Mass. 

His early life was passed in Fitchburg, where he engaged in trade, and became 
captain of the military company in that place. At the age of 26 he removed to 
Cambridge, and was at first occupied in mercantile affairs. In 1834, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Elizabeth Carlton Todd, of Rindge, N. H. 

In 1837, he was made a deacon of the Shepard Congregational Church in Cam- 
bridge, which ofl&ce he held for the long period of 35 years, till his death. In 1845 he 
was made treasurer of the American Education Society, and continued in this 
ofl&ce till his death. In 1848 he was made the general agent of the Massachusetts 
Bible Society, auxiliary to the American Bible Society in New- York, and this office 
also he retained up to the time of his death. In 1870, on occasion of the death of 
Benjamin Perkins, Esq., long treasurer of the Massachusetts Home Missionary 
Society, Mr. Farwell was chosen in his place, and added this to his other offices. 
He had, also, for many years been engaged in the settlement of various estates, and 
at the time of his death had important private trusts in his keeping. For some 
years he was a member of the Massachusetts house of representatives, and also of 
the senate. 

He was a man greatly beloved and trusted, and never disappointed those who put 
confidence in him. Modest and retirino- in his disposition, he was able, competent 
and faithful in all the business of his life, an excellent citizen, and a most morthy 
Christian gentleman. 

He died at his house in Cambridge, Oct. 20, 1872, leaving a widow and two 
children, a son and a daughter. Two other children died in early life. 

He was admitted a resident member, March 17, 1852. 

Harrod. — Henry Harrod, Esq., F. S. A., who was admitted a corresponding 
meml)er of this society Oct. 14, 1854, was born in Aylsham, co. Norfolk, England, on 
the 30th September, 1817, and died on the 24th January, 1871, at the age of fifty- 
three years. 

He was educated in Norwich, England, and practised as a solicitor there for 
many years. But his taste was decidedly in another direction than the law. The 
study of antiquities was with him a passion ; but to make the statement more speci- 
fic, he was much more of an archaeologist than a genealogist, much more of an 
anti((uary than a historian ; and even in Great Britain, wlicre tli^ science of an- 
ticpiities is pushed to a far greater extent than it is here in this new country, there 
have been very few more thorough and practical antiquaries than the subject of 
this sketch. For proof of this assertion, reference is made to his invaluable and 

1873.] N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 197 

■laboratc work, entitled, Gleanings among the Castles and Convents of Norfolk, 
nhich was published in an octavo volume in Norwich, in 1857, and to the numerous 
[laperR published by him in the Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Archrrolo- 
//cal Society, of which j\Ir. Harrod was, lor twelve years, the honorary secretary. 
Ill all these publications, there is such a combination of documentary evidence with 
;)roofs from architectural details, sketched by Mr. Harrod's own hand, as shows 
uiost conclusively that his knowledge on these subjects was not that of a smatterer, 
I ut that it was most profound and minute. Indeed, Mr. llarrod was about as much 
it home with the pencil as with the pen. This gave him a great advantage, and his 
I Uins and drawings, made by himself on the spot, are admirable specimens of what 
irchasological illustrations ought to be ; not a mere guess of the fancy, but an exact 
representation of forms. As specimens of the great variety of his publications, may 
be mentioned a few of his contributions to the " Transactions of the Norfolk and 
Norwich Society," such as "Horse Trappings found at Westall," illustrated by 
ilrawings ; " Entries in Ancient Wills and other Documents," referring to the ring 
^nd mantle worn in the middle ages as badges of pei7jetual widowhood; "Castle 
Rising"; "Records of the Corporation of Great Yarmouth"; "The NVcybourne 
Pitts" ; " Details of a Murrain of the Fourteenth Century, from the Court Rolls of 
I Norfolk Manor"; " A History and Description of Wymondham Abbey"; and 
•' An Ancient Crypt beneath the chapter-liouse at Westminster, probably used in 
the time of Edward I. as the Treasury of the Great Wardrobe" ; and at the time of 
his death he was engaged upon a paper on the " Tower of London," which he ex- 
pected soon to lay before the society. 

All through that winter, 1870-1, he suffered from disease of the heart, 
which was probably the cause of his death. He married the eldest daughter of Col. 
Franklin Head. 

This society is indebted to Mr. Harrod for one volume of the " Proceedings of the 
Norfolk and Norwich Archa3ological Society," and to his influence doubtless for 
other volumes. 

Humphrey. — Henry Benjamin Humphrey, Esq., a life member of this society, died 
in Newport, R. I., Feb. 29, 1872, aged 60. He was born in Snowhill st., Boston, 
Mass.. Oct. IG, 1809, the first child and son of Benjamin Humphrey, merchant of 
said Boston, and Oriens Turner, his wife. 

His paternal descent was from Jonas^ Humphrey, who emigrated from Wendover, 
P.ucks, Eni!;., and settled in Dorchester, Mass., 1G34 ; through Jonas, "^ who d. Feb. 
11, 1678, a:79 ; James,^ who d. Aug. 17, 1718, a. 53 ; Jamcs,"^ who d. May 2, 1798, 
a. 87 ; Josiah,^ who d. 1834, a. 86 ; and Benjamin,^ above, his father, who d. Jan. 
es, 1857, a. 76. 

His maternal descent was from Humphrey'^ Turner, from the county of Essex, 
I'ng., who settled in Scituate in Plymouth colony, 1630 ; through Tho?nas,^ who d. 
Nov. 1688 ; Charles;^ Charles,* who d. Oct. 23, 1782, a. 77; William,^ vf ho d. Jan. 
13, 1808, a. 62; and Oriejis,^ above, his mother, who d. Oct. 8, 1767, a. 81. 

lie Avas educated at the Mayhew Grammar School, corner of Chardon and Hawkins 
streets in Boston, under the charge of Masters Mulliken and Holt; and on the or- 
ganization of the "English Classical," afterward changed to the "English High 
^^chool," under the charge of Master George B. Emerson. He was a member of the 
first class that entered that school. 

On leaving this school, he commenced his mercantile apprenticeship with JNIessrs. 
Tappan and Mansfield, importers and dry goods merchants in State street, Boston ,^ 
and continued with them until the dissolution of their co-partnership, and then con- 
tinued with Mr. Mansfield until the time of his coming of age. 

After a short vacation, with his father's assistance, he formed a mercantile co- 
partnership with the late John H. Pearson, under the style of John II. Pearson & 
Co., on Commercial street in Boston, and after a very prosperous business career, 
was enabled to retire from active business, and gratify his long and ardently cher- 
islied desire of making an extended tour of Europe. He remained abroad four years, 
actively engaged in travelling and sight-seeing, crossing the desert from Alexandria 
and Cairo to Palestine, and extending his travels generally throughout Europe, and 
then returned home surfeited with travelling, without having been subjected to any 
accident or loss of property, and only a slight detention by sickness while in 
Jerusalem, where, at the hands of the monks of the convent of St. Catherine, he 
experienced the kindest attention, and was as tenderly treated and cared for as he 
could have been in his own home. 

After his return from Europe, he travelled much in this country, spending much. 

198 N» E. Historic, Genealogical Society. [^P^il> 

time in "Washington, and finally established himself in Thomaston, Maine, where he 
married Miss Patitora Elizabeth Manon, of that town. 

lie was nominated by President Polk and confirmed by the senate, as consul for 
Alexandria, Eg,yi)t, but declined the appointment, as the promise made to him that 
t!)e office should be raised to the rank of consul-general (which has since been done) 
Avas not fulfilled. The office of consul-general, carrying ^Yith it a salary of only two 
thousand dollars per annum, was scarce!}' worthy any one's acceptance, unless the 
incumbent has a large private fortune, which he is willing to dispense in elegant 
hospitalities, to uphold the honor of his country. 

AVith the ample fortune inherited from his father, and with a most decided taste 
for intellectual pursuits, he spent his time in collectmg a very valuable private 
library in Thomaston. 

Mr. Humphrey inherited from his mother a constitution of great activity and en- 
durance. As evidence of his ability in this respect, while a young man he under- 
took a pedestrian trip, in company with two friends of similar temperament, from 
Boston to the AVhite Mountains, and though carrying a 20 lb. knapsack and a shot 
gun the whole distance, accomplished the trip in good health and spirits, always 
keeping in advance of his comrades. His letters from Jerusalem and Beyrout, giving 
a very full account of his travels in Egypt and Palestine, were published in the 
columns of the Boston Post, and attracted much attention ; in fact, so great was the 
demand for them, that the publishers w^ere constrained to issue extra editions of the 
paper. He very early took great interest in politics. He was for many years an 
active member of the volunteer Fire Department, as well as of the Military Volunteer 
Association. He left no children. 

Mr. Humphrey was admitted a member of this society, February 5, 1864. 

Read. — James Read, Esq., of Boston, was born in Cambridge, Mass., Nov. 19, 
1789, and died in Boston, Dec. 24, 1870, at the age of 81 years. His father was 
Joseph Stacy Read, who was born in Cambridge, Mass., Oct. 21, 1754, and his 
mother was Esther Goodwin, of Plymouth. His parents were married Sept. 5, 178.3. 
He was the fourth in descent from James^ Read, who came from c. Kent, Eng., and 
settled in Cambridge, Mass., in 1705 ; through James, ^ b. Oct. 9, 1721, m. Hannah | 
Stacy ; and Joseph Slacy^ Read, above, his father, who was for many years the post- 
master of Cambridge. A portrait of Mr. Read will be found ia the Register, 
vol. xiv. p. 176. 

James Read married Hannah Palmer, daughter of Capt. Joseph and Jerusha 
Johnson Palmer, Dec. 6, 1815. Their children vrere four in number, viz. : Lucy 
Richmond ; Helen Maria, wife of George Gardner, of Boston; Louisa, wife of Chris- 
topher C. Chadwick, of Boston ; and Sarah Elizabeth. 

Mr. Read was for many years an active and prominent merchant of Boston, and 
the firms of James Read & Co. ; Read, Chadwick & Co. ; and Read, Gardner & Co., 
are familiar to us all. He was a cotemporary of the Lawrences, the Appletons, the 
Paiges, — names which are sj'nonyms of mercantile integrity and success. In 1837, 
a year remarkable for the failure of many of the long-established commercial houses 
of this city and country, as j^resident of the Globe Bank he was a member of the 
committee, representing the different banks, which reported in favor of suspending 
specie payments. In 1842, when Mr. Read himself was obliged to stop payment, he 
assured his creditors that, though he could not meet his liabilities at their maturity, 
if his life and health were spared they should never be dishonored, and he not only 
kept his word, but, in the days of his subsequent pros])erity, he paid every dollar of 
his indebtedness with the interest thereon. His creditors expressed their high sense 
of his honorable dealing with them by formal resolutions and other tokens of esteem. 
Pursuing this course, which is the only upright course in similar cases, he was 
always res])ected for his high mercantile integrity, and commanded the warm regard 
of the large circle of his acquaintances. For many years Mr. Read took an active 
part in the various entei'priscs for promoting the prosperity of the city of Boston. 
He had little taste for office; and the only official i)osition he ever held in political 
life was membership in the constitutional convention in 1853. 

His advanced age was uiuisually free from infirmity. His elastic step, his cheer- 
iul greetings, and his broad charity and oiien-handed benevolence, marked the 
evening of his days. He liad ex})erienced his full share of the vicissitudes of a busi- 
ness-liie, but the clouds which overshadowed his noon-day prospects were afterward 
disi)elled, and the sun of his prosperity continued to shine with undiminished lustre 
to its very setting. 

Mr. Read contributed liberally toward the building fund for the purchase and re- 

1873.] Societies and their Proceedings, 199 

construction of this Society's House, and he was the second of the subscribers to that 
fund who has parsed away from these earthly scenes. 

In his last will and testament, after providing for certain relatives and friends, 
he made the following charitable bequests : — 

To the Massachusetts General Hospital, $2000 (§1000 for free beds and $1000 for 
tlie JMcLean Asylum). Home for Aged Men, $100?). Howard Benevolent iSociety, 
Cliildren's Friend Society, Association for the Relief of Afred Indigent Females, 
Needle- Woman's Friend Society, Massachusetts Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary, 
Bostim Dispensary, Seaman's Aid Society, General Theological Library, Widows and 
Fatherless Society, Channing Hosj)ital for Old and Destitute Women, New England 
Female Medical College, Benevolent Fraternity of Churches, and St. Vincent's Or- 
phan Asylum, $500 each. 

Mr. Read was admitted a resident member of this society, Oct. 23, 1863. 


The New-England Historic, Genealogical Sogietv. 

The annual meeting was held in the Society's House, 18 Somerset street, on 
Wednesday, 1 January, 1873, at 3 o'clock in the afterooon. 

The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, took the chair. 

The librarian, Mr. John Ward Dean, submitted his report as follows : — 

The whole number of bound volumes in the library, as reported 

last year, was ....... 9214 

Additions last year, not enumerated, .... 238 

Added during the year 1872, ..... 1046 

"Whole number of volumes at the present time, . . . 104U8 

The number of pamphlets reported last year, was . . 28115 

Additions last year not enumerated, .... 224 

Added during the year 1872, ..... 5999 

Whole number of pamphlets at the present time, . . 34338 

The additions to the bound volumes nearly equal the number added during the 
two previous years, and the additions to the pamphlets are more than double those 
during the same period. 

The volumes and pamphlets enumerated as additions to last year's report were 
presented by Benjamin Ileber Richardson, Esq., in behalf of the family of the late 
jBenjamin Parker Richardson, Esq., of Boston, and noticed in the librarian's report 
of 1872. This donation contained 102 ])ound volumes of newspapers, namely : 
Boston Patriot, 32 volumes ; Boston Mercantile Journal, 29 volumes ; Christian 
Witness, 14 volumes ; Chronicle, 18 volumes ; Protestant Churchman, 9 volumes ; 
Boston 6rac;e^^e, 3 volumes ,• Church Record , 2 volumes; Banner of the Church, 
Worcester JEgis, Boston Intelligencer , and Free Press, 1 volume each. This dona- 
tion also included a large number of files of unbound newspapers. 

During the year 1872, there have been 112 volumes of newspapers presented. 
These are included in the list of donations appended. Of these, 49 volumes, from 
1773 to 1830, were from John Wells Parker, of Boston Highlands. They commence 
with the Essex Gazette, which from Jan. 4, 1773, to May 2, 1775, was published in 
Salem, but was then removed to Cambridge, where it was published, at Stoughton 
Hall, as the New-England Chronicle and Essex Gazette, till April 4, 1776. After 
the evacuation of Boston it was removed there, the next number being issued 
April 25, 1776, as the New-England Chronicle, which title was changed Sept. 19, 
1776, to the Independent Chronicle, under which title it was long published until it 
became merged in the Advertiser. It is still published as the Boston Semi- Weekly 
Advertiser. Im])erfect files of these papers from 1768 to 1771, and perfect files for 
41 years, from 1831, unbound, have also been presented by Mr. Parker, making 
over one hundred consecutive years. 

The Hon. Silas N. Martin presented 2 volumes of the Wilmington Journal, pub- 
lished weekly, in Wilmington, N. C, from January 1, 1862, to the last attack on 

200 Societies and their Proceedings, [^k^x\\ 

Fort Fislier in January, 1865. These books are very rare and valuable. It is diffi- 
cult to procure comj)lete files of newsiDapers printed at the South during the late 
war. To the historical student they are most interesting, as portraying truthfully 
the views and sentiments of the people south of the Potomac. 

Lewis Slack, Esq., presented 2 volumes of the hidr^pendcnt Chronicle, from Jan. 2, 
1777, to Dec. 21, 1781. Samuel Batchelder, Esq., presented 32 volumes, namely : 
17 volumes Repertory, 1813 to 1827 ; 7 volumes Chronicle and Patriot, 1832 to 1838 ; 
3 volumes Christian Register ; 2 volumes Farmer'' s Cabinet ; and 6 volumes Nation- 
al Intei/ic/encer, published at Washington, {rom 1811 to 1816, including the whole 
period of the war of 1812, when the city was taken by the British and the printing 
office burnt. AVilliam 11. Whitmore, Esq., presented 8 volumes of the Boston 
Evening Transcript, from Aug, 1858, to July, 1863. Hamilton Willis, Esq., pre- 
sented the first volume of the Massachusetts Centinel, for 1784, and the volume for 
1786. The title was changed June 16, 1790, to the Columbian Centinel, of which 
Mr. Willis has given the years, 1791, '92, '96, 1809, '10, '11, and Henry Austin 
Whitney, Esq., has added 7 half volumes from 1814 to 1817. This famous paper, so 
long edited by Major Benjamin Russell, is one of the most valuable newspapers for 
the period when it was published. Francis Bush, Jr., Esq., presented 7 volumes 
of the Sacramento Daily Union, from 1857 to 1860, and George B. Dorr, Esq., 2 
volumes of the iVeiy-Yor^ Herald, irom 1S38 to 1840. William B. Trask, Esq., 
presented 2 volumes of the Christian Register, — one being the first volume, — besides 
files of this and other newspapers. 

These have been of great service to persons using the library. There have been 
very few duplicates presented in this department. 

A large number of manuscripts have been received, besides many maps, engrav- 
ings, photographs and articles for the cabinet. Our collection of curiosities and 
relics is now so large that a suitable place for displaying them should be provided. 
Among the manuscript volumes donated are the original collection of materials in 
two volumes by Capt. George Henry Preble, U. S. N., used by him in WTiting his 
work, the History of the American Flag; the manuscript collection of Augustus T. 
Perkins, Esq., relating to the Copley paintings, one volume ; the ledger and day 
book showing the subscribers and the cost of the Frigate Boston, built by subscrip- 
tion and transferred to the United Slates, two vols., from Thomas C. Smith, Esq. ; 
the records of the Sea Fencibles, commanded by Capt. Winslow Lewis, from his son 
"Winslow Lewis, M.D. ; the original manuscript of The Life and Colonial Times 
of William Claiborne, by Sebastian F. Streeter, Esq., two volumes, from his widow ; 
and The Boundaries and Valuation of Real Estate in Newburyport, one volume, and 
the account book of Samuel Cutler, of Newburyport, 1782-3, one volume, both 
from the Rev. Samuel Cutler. As a memento of the Great Fire of Boston, Nov., 
1872, may be mentioned a copy of the Chandler Family bv George Chandler, M.D., 
the work of many years, making 1237 octavo pages, presented by the author, the 
entire edition of which work, except forty-one copies, was consumed in that fire. 

Besides donations of valuable manuscript-volumes for preservation in our safe, 
other volumes have been deposited for safe keeping by their owners, among which 
may be named the records of the First Church of Roxbury, containing entries by 
the Apostle Eliot, deposited by the pastor and clerk ; and the manuscript diary of 
the Hon. AVilliam Willis, LL.D., of Portland, Me., for the last 26 years of his life, 
in four volumes, deposited by his nephew, Hamilton Willis, Esq. 

Progress has been made in arranging the manuscripts, volumes and pamphlets ; 
and a card-catalogue of our books was commenced last spring by the assistant libra- 
rian, and is now in a good state of forwardness. 

A list of the donations is appended. 

Names of Donors of Books, PampldetSy etc., during the year 1872. 

Bound Tamph- 
vols. lets. 

^Ir. Asa W. Allen, Salem, Ohio, 1 

Mr. D. AV. Allen, Yineiand, N. J., 1 

Tlie Rev. George II. Allen, South Chelmsford, Mass., 1 

The Hon. Stephen M. Allen, Boston, 1 6 

Mr. Willard S. Allen, East F^oston, 3 

Mr. vMfred Andrews, New Britain, Ct., 1 

The American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, 3 

The American News Company, New- York, N. Y., 13 


Societies and their 

The Hon. Thomas C. Amory, 

Prof. Charles Kdward Anthon, A.M., 

Mr. Lewis B. liailey, 

Mr. J. Bassett, 

Mr. Samuel Batchelder, 

Philip Battell, A.M., 

Mr. (jleorge Bennett, 

Mr. Francis Blake, Jr., 

The Bond Fund, 

The Boston Board of Trade, 

Mr. PJdward D. Boylston, 

The llev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, A.M., 

Mr. Jonathan Brown Bright, 

Mr. Hubbard Winslow Bryant, 

Tiie Hon. Marcellus Buflord, 

JMr. Francis Bush, Jr., 

Mr. James Campbell, 

Cornelius Soule Cartee, A.M., 

Mr. Robert B. Caverly, 

George Chandler, M.D., 

The Rev. Jeremiah Chaplin, D.D., 

The Rev. Frederic W . Chapman, A.M., 

The Rev. Oren B. Cheney, D.D., 

Mr. Daniel F. Child, 

Mr. George W. Childs, 

The City of Boston, Mass., 

The Citv of Chelsea, Mass., 

Mr. David Clapp, 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., 

Mr. Robert Clarke, 

JMr. Edmund J. Cleveland, 

The Hon. H. R. Clum, 

My. Charles Carleton CoflBn, 

Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 

Mr. Deloraine Prendre Corey, 

■William Cothren, A.M., 

Mr. George Rea Curwen, 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, 

Mr. Abram E. Cutter, 

Mr. J D. Dana, 

The Hon. Edward S. Davis, 

Mr. John Ward Dean, 

Mr. William Reed Deane, family of, 

Mr. Stephen G. Deblois, 

The Rev. Benjamin F. DeCosta, 

Gen. John Watts de Peyster, 

Franklin Bowditch Dexter, A.M., 

Mr. George B. Dorr, 

The Rev.^VilliamD'Orville Doty, A.M. 

Mr. Francis Samuel Drake, 

Mr. Josiah Drake, 

Mr. Samuel Adams Drake, 

Samuel Gardner Drake, A.M., 

Mr. William Duane, 

Mr. Dean Dudley, 

Mr. Elnathan F. Duren, 

Mr. Daniel Steele Durrie, 

Evert Augustus Duyckinck, A.M., 

The Rev Richard Eddy, 

Mr. E. B. Elliott, 

"William Smith Ellis, F.S.A., 

The Rev. Samuel Hopkins Emery, 

Vol. XXVII. 18* 

eir Proceedings, 








New-York, N. Y., 




Boston , 





Middlubury, Vt., 


Bandon, Ireland, 







Amiierst, N. H., 






Portland, Me., 


Portfrmouth, N. H., 













Rocky Hill, Ct., 

Lewiston, Me., 




Philadelphia, Pa., 








Cincinnati, Ohio, 



Elizabeth, N. J., 


AVashington, D. C, 









Woodbury, Ct., 


Salem, Mass., 






• 1 





Boston , 









Tivoli, N. Y., 


New Haven, Ct., 


New York, N. Y., 


Waterloo, N. Y., 





Cincinnati, Ohio, 







Philadelphia, Pa., 




Bangor, Me., 


Madis(m, Wis., 


New York, N.Y., 




Washington, D. C., 


London, Eng., 


TauntOii, Mass., 




Societies and their 




The Essex Institute, 

^Ir. Charles Sumner Fellows, 

Mr. Charles K. Field, 

Mr. William James Foley, 

Douglas A. Forrest, A.M., 

Edward J. Forster, M.D., 

Mr. John Foster, 

Mr. M. Field Fowler, 

The lion. Richard Frothingham, LL.D., 

Mr. J. Smith Futhey, 

William Sewali Gardner, A.M., 

Wendell Phillips Garrison, A.B., 

The Genealogical Registry for the U. S., 

The General Theological Library, 

Mr. Oliver Gerrish, 

Mr. Elbridge H. Goss, 

Mr. Samuel Gould, 

The Hon. James D. Green, A.M., 

Samuel Abbott Green, M.D., 

Mrs. Maria W. Hackelton, 

Mr. Charles V. Uagner, 

Mrs. William Hales, 

Miss G. Haliburton, 

The Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., 

Mr. Edward Doubleday Harris, 

The Rev. David Greene Haskins, A.M., 

J. M. Hawks, M.D., 

Mr. John L. Hayes, 

Clement Hugh Hill, A.M., 

Salem , 

Chicago, 111., 

Brattleboro', Vt., 


Fairfax Co., Va., 





West Chester, Pa., 


New-York, N. Y., 

New- York, N. Y., 


Portland, Me., 





Bristol, Me., 

Philadelphia, Pa., 


Boston , 

North Bennington, Vt., 




Boston , 

Washinirton, D. C, 

The Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, Cincinnati, 

The Historical Society of Delaware, 
The Historical Society of Great Britain, 
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
The Rev. Richard M. Hodges, A.M., 
The Rev. Frederic West Holland, A.M., 
Henry Augustus Homes, A.M., 
The Hon. Samuel Hooper. A.M., 
The Right Rev. J. H. Hopkins, D.C.L., 

LL.D., family of 
Mr. Frank E. Hotchkiss, 
Col. Albert Harrison Hoyt, 
Mr. Luther Prescott Hubbard, 
Mr. James F. Hunnewell, 
Mr. Daniel T. V. Huntoon, 
Mr. Thomas P. James, 
Edward Jarvis, M.D., 
Mr. Maurice C. Jones, 
Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., 
Col. Henry 0. Kent, 
Mr. Frederic Kidder, 


London , 




Albany, N. Y., 


Burlington, Vt., 
New liaven, Ct., 
Boston , 

Greenwich, Ct., 
Boston , 

Bethlehem, Pa., 
Middletown, Ct., 
Lancaster, N. H., 

The Rt.Rev. Wm. Ingraham,Kip, D.D., San Francisco, Cal., 

Mr. J. F. Labat, 

William B. Lapham, M.D., 

G. A. Leavitt& Co., 

The Rev. Samuel Lee, 

Mr. Joseph Leonard, 

Dio Lewis, M.D., 

W inslow Lewis, M.D., 

Mr. George Lincoln, 

Mr. George T. LittleOeld, 

Mr. Charles F. Livingston, 

Mr. Melvin Lord, 

Charles Martin, M.D., U. S. N., 

New-York, N. 

Augusta, Me., 

New- York, N. Y., 

New-Ipswich, N. H., 


Boston , 




Manchester, N. H., 






























Societies and their Proceedings* 


The Hon. Silas Nelson Martin, 
AVilliam T. K. Marvin, A.M., 
The Massachusetts Board of Health, 
The Mass. Comraandery of the Military 

Order of tlie Loyal Legion of the U. S., 
The Mass. Horticultural Society, 
The Mass- Institute of Technology, 
The Mass. Society of the Cincinnati, 
Mr. William F. Matchett, 
The Mercantile Library Association, 
The Mercantile Library Association, 
The Mercantile Library Association, 
The Minnesota Historical Society, 
Mr. William P. Moran, 
Mr. Edward S. Moseley, 
Mr. Alfred Mudge, 
Mr. Joel Munsell, 

The National Asso. of Wool Manufac'e, 
Mr. John Bearss Newcomb, 
The New-England His. and Gen. Regis- 
ter Club, 
The New-Jersey Historical Society, 
The Genealogical & Biographical Society, 
The New- York Historical Society, 
The New- York State Library, 
Mr. Henry Onderdonk, 
Prof. Charles B. Otis, A.M., 
Mr. Andrew J. Ourt, 
The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., 
Martyn Paine, M.D., LL.D., 
Mr. Nathaniel Paine, 
Mr. Augustus Parker, 
Mr. John Wells Parker, 
Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce, 
Augustus Thorndike Perkins, A.M., 
The Rev. William Stevens Perry, D.D., 
The Hon. James H. Piatt, Jr., 
Mrs. Benjamin F. Poole, 
Mr. Alfred Poor, 
Col. Ben. Perley Poore, 
Mr. William J. Potts, 
Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U. S. N., 
The Prince Society, 
The Hon. John V. L. Pruyn, 
The Public Library of the City of Boston, 
Mr. David Pulsifer, A.M., 
The Quarter Master Gen.'s Department, 
The Rev. Alonzo Hall Quint, D.D., 
The Rapid Writer Association, 
Mr. David Read, 
Messrs. Redpath & Fall, 
Mr. Charles Reed, 
Mr. Edward B. W. Restieaux, 
The Rhode Island Historical Society, 
The Hon. William A. Richardson, A.M., 
The Hon. John R. Rollins, 
Mr. D. Waldo Salisbury, 
Mr. Alfred Sandham, 
Mr. Edward H. Savage, 
Mr. James E. Seaver, 
Mr. J. H. Shapleigh, 
Miss Miriam S. Shattuck, 
The Rev. Benjamin F. Shaw, A.M., 





"Wilmington, N. C, . 










Boston , 






Baltimore, Md., 


New- York, N. Y., 


San Francisco, Cal., 


St. Paul, 


Washington, D. C, 


Newburyport, Mass., 


Boston , 


Albany, N. Y., 



lioston , 


Elgin, 111., 


Boston , 






New- York, N. Y., 


New-York, N.Y., 




Jamaica, N, Y., 


New-Haven, Ct., 


Philadelphia, Pa., 




New- York, N. Y., 







Boston , 




Boston , 


Geneva, N. Y., 


Petersburg, Va., 


Hollis, N. H., 


Salem , 


Washington, D. C, 


Camden, N. J., 







Albany, N. Y., 


Boston , 


Washington, D. C, 






Burlington, Vt., 


Boston , 


West Bridgewater, 






Washington, D.C., 








Montreal, Canada, 


Boston , 




Exeter, N. H., 


Boston , 



Waterville, Me., 



Societies and their Proceedins^s, 




Prescott, Canada, 



Salt Lake City, Utah, 



John H. Shcppard, A.M., 

John Langdon Sibley, A.M., 

Mr. Clifford Stanley Sims, 

Mr. Lewis Slack, 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., 

Mr. George A. Smith, 

Mr. Samuel Smith, 

Mr. Thomas C. Smith, 

The Society of the Alumni of Yale Col., New-Haven 

The Society of Antiquaries, London, En^., 

The Rev. Samuel J. Spalding, D.D., Newburyport, 

Mr. Richard P. Spencer, Deep River, Ct., 

The State Historical Society of Iowa, Iowa City, 

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, 

The State of Massachusetts, 

Mr. Charles A. Stearns, Boston, 

Eben Sperry Stearns, A.M., Exeter, N. H., 

Mrs. Sebastian F. Streeter, Boston, 

The Rev. Josiah Howard Temple, Framingham, 

Peter Thacher, A.B., Boston, 

Rear Adm. Henry Knox Thatcher, U.S.N., Winchester, 

The Rev William M. Thayer, A.B., 

The Theological Seminary, 

Mr. Frederick Thompson, 

John Wingate Thornton, A.M., 

Mr. William M. Tilden, 

William C. Todd, A.M., 

The Town of Brookline, 

The Town of Wenham, 

William B. Towne, A.M., 

Mr. William Blake Trask, 

Mr. W. VV. Tucker, 

Mr. Alfred T. Turner, 

Charles Wesley Tuttle, A.M., 

The Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., 

The United States Patent Office, 

The United States Patent Association, 

The Rev. Eugene Vetromile, D.D., 

The Vermont State Library, 



New- York, N.Y., 


East Marshfield, 


N. H., 


Milford, N. H., 



Boston , 


Crawfordsville, Ind., 

Washington, D.C, 

New- York, N. Y., 

Eastport, Me., 


Marietta, Ohio, 

The Rev. William Wakefield, 

The Hon. Geo. Washington Warren, A.M. Charlestown, 

The Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., LL.D., Portland, Me,, 

Mr. Charles C. P. >Vaterman, 

Mr. Thomas Waterman, 

Mr. Winslow M. Watson, 

Mr. Edward W. West, 

Capt. Ambrose H. White, 

The Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., 

William Henry Whitmore, A.M., 

Henry Austin Whitney, A.M., 

Mr. John R. Whitney^ 

Miss Caroline Whitwell, 

The Hon. Marshall Pinckney Wilder, 

Mr. Hamilton Willis, 

Mr. J. Fletcher Williams, 

Prof. Alexander Winchell 


Boston , 

Washington, D.C. 

New-York, N. Y., 

Boston , 




Philadelphia, Pa., 




St. Paul, Minn., 

Syracuse, N. Y., 

. LL.D., 

The Hon. Robert Charles Winthrop, LL.D. Brookline, 
Cyrus Woodman, A.M., Cambridge, 

Mr. Thomas Bellows Wyman, Charlestown, 

The Hon. Thomas II. Wynne, Richmond, Va., 




























1873.] Societies and their Proceedings, 205 

Mr. John L. Alexander, Boston, 1 continental bill. 

Mr. Calvin Ames, East Marshlield, 1 Indian relic. 

Mr. Joseph JJaliard, Boston, New-York Herald, Jan. to Dec. 1871. 

Mr. JaiiuH Wallace Black, Boston, photograph copy of Penn's Treaty from old 
furniture drapery. 

Mr. Jonathan Brown Bright, Waltham, one broadside. 

Mr. Augustine Caldwell, Cherry V^alley, 1 broadside, Caldwell record. 

George Ciumdler, M.D., Worcester, 2 manuscript genealogies. Chandler, and Chan- 
dler, Crillin and Stedman. 

The Bev. Samuel Cutler, Hanover, New-York World, 2 years, 18G1-2 ; 8 maps; 3 
MS. sermons; 9 manuscripts; 1 coat-of-arms, Cutler; 1 pr. ancient shoe buck- 
les ; I confederate bill. 

Mr. J. D. Dana, Cambridge, 7 ancient documents, parchment; 7 do., paper; 6 
account books ; 4 files old papers. 

Mrs. And Emerson, Boston, 19 rare coins. 

JRev. Joseph M. Finotti, Brookline, 9 maps, I fac-simile of South Carolina Ordi- 
nance of Secession, 94 pamplilet cases. 

The Hon. Benjamin A. (i. Fuller, Boston, in behalf of certain descendants of Josiah 
Flagg of Lancaster, 8 documents, among them letters of Dr. Benjamin Frank- 
lin, and his sister Mrs. Jane Mecom. 

Col. David L. (jardiner, New- York, 2 documents, copies of wills of Lieut. Lion 
(jiardiner and his wife Mary. 

Mrs. William Hales, Boston, 16 charts and maps; 3 certificates, 1 commission, 2 

Miss G. Haliburton, 1 plaster impression of medal to commemorate the taking of the 
Bastile ; 1 manuscript, 3 newspapers. 

David G. Haskins, Jr., A.M., Cambridge, 4 years New-York Evening Post ; Aug. 
1868 to June 1872. 

Mrs. Charles W. Homer, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1 piece of the house in which Maj. 
Andre was confined. 

Col. Albert H. Hoyt, 2 vols, of The Churchmon, for 1871 and 1872; colored print of 
the fire in Boston, Nov. 1872 ; 17 broadsides. 

Mr. Frederic Kidder, Melrose, 4 maps, 1 letter 1781. 

Mr. Melvin Lord, Boston, 1 chip from the house in Iladley in Tvhich the Rcgicidci 
were concealed ; 1 manuscript, the Knecland family. 

Charles Martin, M.D., U.S.N., Cambridge, the first number of Philadelphia Public 
Lrdijcr, March 25, 1836. 

Mr. AViiliam F. Matchett, Boston, 9 maps. 

Mr. "William Henry Montague, Boston, 1 account book. 

Mr. Augustus Morgan, Boston, 1 engraving. 

Mr. Alfred Mudge, Boston, 1 register of sloop Washington, 1789. 

Mrs. Sarah D. Nason, South Berwick, 1 powder-horn of Nathaniel Nason, a revolu- 
tionary soldier, 1776. 

Robert Treat Paine, A.M., Boston, 1 manuscript Pepperrell family. 

Mr. John Wells Parker, Boston, Essea: Gazette, incomplete, for the j'ears 1768, '69, 
'70, and '71; and 41 years of newspapers. Independent CJu-onicle ^.ud Boston 
Weekly Advertiser, from Jan. 1831 to Dec. 1871. 

Mr. Nathaniel C. Peabody, Concord, 1 manuscript, Peabody genealogy. 

Miss Mary Douglass Pease, Albany, N.Y., 1 continental bill ; 4 documents relative 
to her grandfather Levi Pease, viz. : 2 contracts to carry the mail, 1794, 1 circu- 
lar from the postmaster-general, and 1 newspaper obituary. 

Mr. Horatio Nelson Perkins, A.B., Melrose, 1 map. 

Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N. , 1 cane from the timber of the Constitution, pre- 
sented by Com. William Bainbridge to the donor's father, Capt. Enoch Preble ; 
1 manuscript; 1 series of ballots cast at Charlestown, Mass., Nov. 6, 1872. 

Mr. James W. Preston, Boston, I printed tabular pedigree, Bourbon, Orleans and 

Mr. John L. Robinson, 1 lithograph, Lynn in 1849. 

Mr. Edward B. W. Restieaux, 11 files Military Orders, 1 plan for soldiers' cottages. 

Mr. Daniel Waldo Salisbury, Boston, 5 framed colored views of Beacon Hill, Boston, 
1811 and 1812, showing the excavations. 

Miss Miriam S. Shattuck, Boston, the manuscript copy of her father's History of 
Concord, ^lass. ; 1 cane from the appletree of Peregrine White ; 6 files ancient 
and modern manuscripts. 

206 Societies a7id their Proceedings, [April, 

Mr. William B. Shcdd, Maiden, 1 broadside. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston, broadside. 

Mr. Henry Smith, Boston, 1 continental bill. 

Mr. Richard Pratt Spencer, Deep River, Ct., 1 lock of the hair of Lady Alice Apsley 

Boteler Fenwick, taken from her remains Nov. 23, 1870, after a burial of more 

than 200 years. 
G. Symonds, Esq., town-clerk, Dorchester, Eng., a series of impressions from the 

municipal seals of that borough. 
Mr. George Winslow Thacher, New-York, N. Y., 1 manuscript, Grey genealogy. 
Miss Marcia A. Thomas, Marshfield, 1 broadside, elegiac ode, 1804. 
John AYingate Thornton, A.M., Boston, 1 manuscript. 
William Blake Trask, Esq., Boston, a large quantity of illustrated and other 

newspapers, 83 manuscript sermons by New-England clergymen, 4 packages of 

newspaper cuttings, 4 broadsides and 1 manuscript. 
The Hon. George Bruce Upton, Boston, 1 broadside ; exercises at Harvard College, 

commencement 1806. 
Mr. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Waterman, Sandwich, 2 maps. 
Capt. Ambrose Haskell White, Boston, 15 rare coins. 
Hamilton Willis, Esq., Boston, 2 rare broadsides, framed, viz. : Order of services at 

the commemoration of the death of Washington by the town of Boston, Feb. 8, 

1800 ; and the original proclamation of Gov. Thomas Gage, June 12, 1775, in 

which Hancock and Adams are excepted from pardon. 
The Hon. Marshall Pinckney Wilder, 1 manuscript petition of Stephen Minot, 

1737, to sell rum at his tavern on Boston neck. 
The Hon. Robert Charles Winthrop, LL.D., 1 proof impression of the portrait of 

George Clymer. 
The Hon. Thomas H. Wynne, Richmond, "Va., 11 impressions Virginia stamps, 

1813 to 1815. 

Reports were also made by James F. Hunnewell, Esq., chairman of the com- 
mittee on the library; Albert H. Hoyt, Esq., chairman of the committee on pub- 
lication; the Rev. E. F. Slafter, corresponding secretary ; the Rev. Dorus Clarke, 
D.D., historiographer; Frederic Kidder, Esq., chairman of the committee on papers 
and essays; B. B. Torrey, Esq., treasurer; and by Messrs. A. D. Hodges, Charles 
B. Hall, and William B. Towne, Esquires, for the trustees of the Bond, Towne 
Memorial, and Barstow Funds, respectively ; all of which will be found in the pro- 
ceedings of the society, which was published in pamphlet form and distributed as 
usual, in the month of January last. 

The historiographer submitted the following 

Necrology for 1872. 

[The figures on the left indicate the date of admission to the society.] 

1859. The Rev. James Thurston, A.M., of West Newton, Mass., born Dec. 11, 
1806 ; died Jan. 13, 1872. 

1847. Lilley Eaton, of Wakefield, Mass., born Jan. 13, 1802 ; died Jan. 16, 1872. 
1863. Martin-Bowen Scott, of Cleveland, 0., born March, 1801 ; died Feb. 2, 1872. 

1863. Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart., M.A., F.R.S., (of London, Eng., born 1792; 

died Feb. 6, 1872. 
1869. Daniel Denny, of Boston, Mass., born Nov. 6, 1792 ; died Feb. 9, 1872. 

1864. Henry-Benjamin Humphrey, of Newport, R. I., born Oct. 16, 1809; died 

Feb. 29, 1872. 
1859. Capt. William-Frederick Goodwin, U. S. A., of Concord, N. H., born Sept. 

22, 1827 ; died March 12, 1872. 
1852. Oliver-Mayhew Whipple, of Lowell, Mass. , born May 4, 1794 ; died April 26, 

1866. Elisha-T. Wilson, of Boston, Mass., born 1813 ; died June 18, 1872. 
1869. William Thomas, of Boston, Mass., born April 11, 1808 ; died Jane 19, 1872. 

1848. George-Gaines Brewster, of Portsmouth, N. H., born April 5, 1797; died 

July 7, 1872. 
1855. The Hon. Noah- Amherst Phelps, of Simsbury, Conn., born Oct. 16, 1788 : 
died Aug. 20, 1872. 

1873.] Societies and their Proceedings. 207 

1869. Charles-William Raisbeck, of Cambridge, Mass., born July 24, 1830 ; died 

September, 1872. 
1817. The Key. Francis Vinton, D.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., born Aug. 29, 1809 ; 

died Sept. 29, 1872. 
1852. The lion. Stephen-Tliurston Farwell, of Cambridge, Mass., born June 21, 

1805 ; died Oct. 20, 1872. 
1867. John-Fairfield Ricli, of Ware, Mass., born Sept. 13, 1841, died Nov. 3, 1872. 
1815. Horatio-Gates Somerby, of London, Eng., born Dec. 24, 1805 ; died Nov. 14, 

1862. Prof. Alfred Greenleaf, A.M., of Brooklyn, N, Y., born May 10, 1804 ; 

died Dec. 26, 1872. 
1858. Griffith-John McRee, of Wilmington, N. C, born Sept. 20, 1820 ; died 1872. 

Additions to Previous Years. 

1854. Henry Ilarrod, F.S.A., of London, Eng., born Sept. 30, 1817 ; died Jan. 24, 

1852. Samuel Tymms, of Lowestoft, Eng. 

The treasurer read the following list of persons who became 

Life Memhers m 1872. 

Stephcn-M. Allen, Esq., Roxbury, Massachusetts. 

Quincy Bickncll, Esci., llingham, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Hm'ace-D. Bradbury, East Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Albcrt-D.-S. Bell, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Simeon-E. Baldwin, New-IIaven, Connecticut. 

Mr. Byron-A. Baldwin, St. Louis, Missouri. 

The Rev. George-F. Clark, Mendon, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. Charles-C. Dame, Newburyport, ^Massachusetts. 

Prof. William Gammell, LL.D., Providence, Rhode Island. 

The Hon. John-T. Heard, Boston, IMassachusetts. 

Mr. Caleb-F. Harris, Providence, Rhode Island. 

William-R. Lawrence, M.D., Brookline, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. Isaac Livermore, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Nathaniel-J, Rust, Boston, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. John-R. Rollins, Lawrence, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. George-P. Sanger, A.M., Cambridge, Massachusetts. ' 

Mr. Benjamin-G. Smith, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Timothy-W. Stanley, New-Britain, Connecticut. 

]\Ir. Cyrus-H. Taggard, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Col. Leonard Thompson, Woburn, Massachusetts. 

Gen. Adin-B. Underwood, A.M., Newton, Massachusetts. . 

Mr. J. -Huntington Wolcott, Boston, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. George-Washington Warren, A.M., Boston, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. Robert-C. Winthrop, LL.D., Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Moses-C. Warren, Boston, Massachusetts. 

The following memhers constituted themselves life-members in 1871, but were omitted 
in the published proceedings last year. 

My. Simeon-Pratt Adams, Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
The Hon. Herman Foster, Manchester, New-Hampshire. 
The Rev. Eugene Vetromile, D.D., Bangor, Maine. 

After the reading of the reports, Frederic Kidder, Esq., in behalf of the nominat- 
in,g committee appointed at a previous meeting, submitted the following list of 
officers and committees. A ballot was taken, and the persons nominated were de- 
clared duly elected. 

208 Societies and their Proceedings, [April, 

Officers for the Tear 1873. 

The Hon. MARSHALL P. WILDER, of Boston, Massachusetts. 


The Hon. George Bruce Upton, of Boston, . . Massachusetts. 

The Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., LL.D., of Portland, Maine. 

The Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., of Concord, . . New-Hampshire. 

The Hon. Hampden Cutts, A.M., of Brattleboro', . Vermont. 

The Hon. John R. Bartlett, A.M., of Providence, Rhode Island. 
The Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., of Norwich, Connecticut. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. 
The Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo, . New-York. 
The Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, . Illinois. 
The Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa. 
The Hon. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D., of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
The Hon. John H. B. Latrobe, of Baltimore, . . Maryland. 
William Duane, Esq., of Philadelphia, . . Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, Missouri. 
The Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville, Indiana. 
The Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Reading, . . . Ohio. 
The Hon. William A. Richardson, A.M., of Washington, Dis. of Col. 
William A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, . . New-Jersey. 

Corresponding Secretary. 
The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, . Massachusetts. 

Recording Secretary. 
David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, . Massachusetts. 

Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Esq., of Boston, . . Massachusetts. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Boston, . . Massachusetts. 

Librarian and Assistant Historiographer. 
John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, .... Massachusetts. 

The Hon. George B. Upton, Boston. Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., Boston. 

The Hon. Edw. S. Tobey, A.M., Boston. John Cummings, Esq., Woburn. 

John Foster, Esq., Boston. 

Directors ecc-ojjicio. 

The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Boston. The Hon. Thos. C. Amory, A.M., Boston. 
TheRcv.EDMUNDF.SLAFTER,A.M., Boston. The lion. Wm. Whiting, LL.D., Boston. 
Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Esq., Boston. Samuel G. Drake, A.M., Boston. 
David G. Haskins, Jr., A.M., Cambridge. CoL Almon D. Hodges, Boston. 
The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Boston. Winslow Lewis, M.D., Boston. 
John AVard Dean, A.M., Boston. John H. Sueppard, A.M., Boston. 

Col. Albert IL IIoyt, A.M., Boston. William B. Trask, Esq., Boston. 
James F. IIunnewell, Esq., Charlestown. JEREMfAH Colburn, A.M., Boston. 
William B. Towne, A.M., Milford, N. R. Edward S. Rand, Jr., A.M., Boston. 
Frederic Kidder, Esq., Boston. William Henry Wuitmore, A.M., Boston. 

The Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, A.M., Boston. 

1873.] Societies and their Proceedings, 209 

Committees, &c. 

Committee on Publication. 

Albert II. IIoyt, A.M., Boston. Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., Boston. 

JuuN Ward Dean, A.M., Boston. Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N., Charlestown. 

William B. Towne, A.M., Milford, N. U. 

Committee on the Library. 

James F. Hunnewell, Esq., Charlestown. The Rev.EDMUNT)F.SLAFTER, A.M., Boston. 
Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston. Harry H. Edes, Esq., Charlestown. 

Deloraine p. Corey, Esq., Maiden. 

Committee on Finance. 

William B. Towne, A.M., Milford, N.ll. The Hon. Charles B. Hall, Boston. 
Henry Edwards, Esq., Boston. Percivae L. Everett, Esq., Boston. 

The Hon. John A. Buttrick, Lowell. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. 

Frederic Kidder, Esq., Boston. The Rev. I. N. Tarbox, D.D., Boston. 

Samuel Burnuam, A.M., Cambridge. AVilliam S. Gardner, A.M., Boston. 

Albert B. Otis, Esq., Boston. 

Committee on Heraldry. 

The Hon. Teos. C. Amory, A.M., Boston. Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston. 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem. William S. Aitleton, A.M., Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond and of the Ctishman Funds. 
Col. Almon D. Hodges, Boston. Frederic Kidder, Esq., Melrose. 

Trustees of the Towne and of the Barstow Funds. 

William B. Towne, A.M., Milford, N. H. Col. Almon D. Hodges. 

The Hon. Charles B. ILvll, Boston. 

After the election, the president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, delivered the ad- 
dress which will be found on pages 182 — 188. 

On the conclusion of the president's address, the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., 
offered the following resolution, which was adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the society be presented to the honorable president 
for his interesting and eloquent address, and that he be requested to furnish a copy 
for publication. 

On motion of the Rev. Mr. Slafter the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That, Samuel H. Wentworth, Esq., having declined a re-election as 
recording secretary, the thanks of the society be tendered to him for the faithful 
and eflScient discharge of the duties of that office for the last three years. 

On motion of the same gentleman, the society ordered that the president's address,. 
the reports, and other proceedings of the day be printed and distributed among the 

[Note. — We print an abstract of the proceedings of all historical societies and 
kindred associations w^hich send to us the requisite reports. Such societies are 
invited to forward their reports regularly and promptly. — Editor.] 

PentsSylyania Historical Society. 

The annual meeting was held on the evening of the 13th of January. 

The report of the trustees of the publication fund showed the principal from 
*! subscription, &c., to be $16,301; investment, $15,977.25; balance of principal,. 
$323.75 ; interest, $8,403.64 ; expenses of publication, &c., $3,482.78 ; balance of 
interest, $2,920.86; total balance, $3,244.61. 

The trustees of the building fund reported : investment, $5,000 ; amount on 
deposit, $1,743.85. 

The treasurer reported the receipts at $9,364.07 ; expenditures, $9,307.33 ;. 
balance, $56.74. 

Vol. XXVII. 19 

210 Societies and their Proceedings, [^k^xWj 


Life sul)Scription fund, $2,190.50; investments, $1,790.50; balance, $500. 

The annual report of the librarian, the Rev. J. Shrigley, states that during the 
year 187'2 an addition of 513 volumes has been made to the library, among which 
•vs'ere nearly 150 ^volumes relating to the Moravian Church ; 3 volumes the Penn- 
sylvania Packet for tlie years 1771-2-3 ; 30 volumes of publications of the Percy 
Society ; 20 of the Friends'' Review, and many other valuable publications. Of 
these volumes 380 were contributed by members of the society, 42 were given in 
exchange, 15 were bought, and the remainder came from other literary institutions 
and indi\iduals. 

In pamphlets the increase was reported at 1,109, and in the manuscript depart- 
ment it was stated that valuable additions had been made. 

The department of arts has had to note the addition of portraits of Henry D. 
Gilpin, formerly attorney-general of the United States ; Generals Knox and Moul- 
trie, and other pictures of interest connected with the history of the state. 

The receipt of the Ephrata press and a suit of armor from the palace in the city 
of Mexico was also noticed among other interesting objects. 

A communication was received from Mr. G. Vv . Smith, making a donation of 
$1,000 to the society. 

The Hon. M. Russell Thayer delivered an address on the " Life and Times of the 
late Francis Lieber, LL.D.," of which we make the following abstract. 

Judge Thayer commenced by saying that in a letter from Rome,* dated June 7, 
1822, George Barthold Niebuhr, the historian of Rome, wrote thus to his sister-in- 
law, Madam Hensler : " A young man, Lieber, of Berlin, has arrived here, who 
^vent as a volunteer to Greece, and at length returned, partly not to die of hunger, 
partly because the rascality of the Moreans and their cowardice became insufferable 
to him. His veracity is beyond suspicion, and his tales fill the hearer with hor- 
rors. He is sad and melancholy, because his soul is very noble. He interests and 
touches us much, and we try to cheer him by kindness. He belongs to the j'outh 
of the beautiful time of 1813, when he fought and was severely wounded. He is 
now here without a cent. I shall help him at nny rate." 

The young man whose arrival in Rome was thus noticed, was twenty-two years 
of age, of a gentle but self-reliant nature, of studious habits, a philosophical 
turn of mind and very fond of books. He had already experienced much of the 
roughest discipline of life. His few years had been divided between the gymnasium, 
the university, the camp, and foreign lands. He was yet to become one of the 
l^rofoundest and clearest writers upon political science of the present century, one 
of the chief ornaments of the world of letters, the expounder of civil liberty and 
self-government, and one of the truly great men of his adopted country.^ 

Judge Thayer then gave a graphic description of young Lieber in his boyhood, 
and narrated the experience of Mr. Lieber as a soldier in the battles of Ligny 
and Waterloo, and at the storming of Namur, where he received two dangerous 
wounds. Young Lieber as a song writer, as a prisoner, as a collegian, as a Greek 
revolutionist, as a friend of Dr. Niebuhr, as a teacher of languages, as a Bostonian, j 
as a Philadelphian, as a South Carolinian, were each described in detail. In Colum- 
bia, S. C, were written the great works upon which his fame chiefly rests, the 
" Manual of Political Ethics," the " Legal and Political Ilermeneutics ; orPriuciples 
of Interpretation and Construction in Law and Politics," and his great work on "Civil 
Liberty and Self-government." 

The speaker then entered into a detailed analysis of these great works, and cited 
the encomiums passed upon them by Chancellor Kent, Judge Story, Prof. Green- 
leaf, AVilliam Kent, Prescott, Bancroft, Choate, and other distinguished jurists and 
authors. He then passed to the consideration of Lieber's minor works, particu- 
larly his " Property and Labor," " Laws of Property," &c., " The Origin 
and Development of the First Constituents of Civilization," and^ other similar 
works ; and spoke of the great reputation he hadac(]^uired as a pul>licist, not only in 
this country, but in Europe, and cited the opinions of Von Mohl, Mittcrmaire, 
Bluntschli, Professor Creasy, of London, Garelli, and other great writers upon 
public law. 

He then spoke of the great service rendered to the country by Dr. Lieber during 
the great civil war, ])arti('ularly in the ])rei)aration of tlie code of war promulgated 
in general orders of the War Department (No. 100, 1863), as '* Instructions for the 
Government of the Armies of the United States in the Field." He also spoke of 
his i)ain])hlet on " Guerilla Parties," his tract on " Naturalization," which Garelh 
called " Faureo opuscolo "—the golden tract— and of his other productions at that 

IS 73.] Societies and their Proceedings, 211 

In 185G Lieber resigned his professorship in South Carolina College, and was 
elected to a similar professorship in Columbia CoUeire, New- York, and subsequent- 
ly to the chair of political science in the law school of that institution, where he 
continued in the discharge of his duties until his death, which occurred October 2, 
1872, it the seventy-third year of his age. 

The speaker then proceeded to speak of the character of Dr. Lieber, of his per- 
sonal habits, sentiments, and peculiarities ; he spoke of his intense patriotism, his 
industry, his methods of instruction, his attainments in historical studies, the 
purity of his character, the fascinations of his conversation, replete always with 
instruction and with humor, of his habits of study, of his kindly and cheerful 
nature, of the immense influence which his works have exercised and are destined 
to exercise in the future on government and all political science. 

Judge Thayer concluded his address as follows : 

Thus have I endeavored with a feeble hand to delineate the character of a great 
man, conspicuous alike for his patriotism and attainments ; whose writings im- 
pressed his thoughts indelil)ly upon the age, and, like those of Grotius and'^ Mon- 
tesquieu, constitute a distinct land-mark in the history of public law and political 
science. A man whose learning and intellectual power have conferred honor upon 
our country, and whose usefulness as a citizen has merited its gratitude. If my 
ability had been equal to my love and reverence for his memory, the picture would 
have been more worthy of him, and would have better portrayed his noble qualities. 
But his imperishable works are his best memorial, and his fame will be secure 
in the lap of history ; for, as he himself said at the unveiling of the statue of Hum- 
boldt, quoting the grand words of Pericles, " The whole earth is the monument of 
illustrious men." 

At the close of Judge Thayer's address, whicli was attentively listened to and 
frequently applauded, the following resolution was oflered and passed: 

Resolved^ That an invitation be presented to the members of the convention 
assembled to propose amendments to the constitution of Pennsylvania, to visit the 
rooms of the society. 

The following were elected officers for the ensuing year : — 

President— do\m William Wallace. 

Vice-Presidents— \lQn]^imi\ II. Coates, G. Washington Smith, H. Gates Jones, 
Aubrey II. Smith, James L. Claghorn, Thompson Westcott, Samuel Agnew, J. 
R. Sy])her. 

Corresponding Secretary— J . Ross Snowden. 

Recording Secretary— 't^-AmweX L. Smedley, Robert Coulton Davis. 

Treasurer—^. Edward Carpenter. 

Committees — Library, John A. McAllister, Charles Rogers. Finance, James 
C. Hand, VV". K. Gilbert. Publication, Edward Pennington^ Jr., James H. Carr. 

New-York Historical Society. 

The annual meeting was held on Tuesday evening, the 7th of January, 1873. 
The annual reports wee presented from the various committees, the treasurer and 
the librarian. A biographical sketch of the late Marshall S. Bidwell, a member of 
the society, was read, and the following named gentlemen were elected officers of 
the society for the ensuing year : 

President — Frederic de Peyster. 

First Vice-President — William C. Bryant. 

Second Vice President— Jumes W. Beekman. 

Foreign Corresponding Secretary — William J. Hoppin. 

Domestic Corresponding Secretary — Evert A. Duyckinck. 

Recording Secretary — Andrew Warner. 

Treasurer — Benjamin H. Field. 

Librarian — George II. Moore. 

Colonel Warner having declined to act, the election of his successor was post- 
poned until the next meeting. 

New-England Society of Orange, New Jersey. 
The annual meeting was held on Monday, Nov. 18, 1872. The committee, con- 
sisting of Messrs. Daniel J. Sprague, Charles J. Prescott, and Wendell P. Garrison, 
appointed to open and count the ballots cast for officers of the society, on the Hare 
system of voting, reported the officers elected as follows : 

212 Societies and their Proceedings, \_k.^i\[j 

President — Daniel A. Heald. 

Vice-Presidents — 1st, David N. Ropes; 2d, the Rev. George B. Bacon. 
Counsellors — Oliver S. Carter, Lowell Mason, William F. Stearns, Ilenry A. 
Howe, John G. Vose, Davis Collamore. 
Treasurer — William A. Brewer, Jr. 
Secretary — Wendell P. Garrison. 

The committee submitted a detailed statement of the results of the system of vot- 
ing used by the society, and it is such an interesting exhibit of the advantages and 
disadvantages of that system that we give it entire, omitting from necessity certain 
diagrams, which, however, may be seen, with a copy of the " Constitution and By- 
Laws" of the society, and its list of members, in the library of the New-England 
Historic, Genealogical Society. 

" The general participation in this election as compared with that of last year was 
scarcely greater, and seems to your Committee to have been less than might fairly 
have been expected, considering how little trouble is required of the voter. By per- 
sonal solicitation and reminder, and an extension of the time for returning the bal- 
lots, firty-eight (48) were received by the Secretary in season for counting, while 
live came too late to be of any use except to manifest the interest of the senders. 

" In other respects there was a noticeable improvement over last year, partly due to 
the tact tiiat each office to be filled had a distinct ballot to be cast for it, whereas in 
the former election three grades of office were confounded on one ballot. There was 
both a much greater freedom in putting the same name on two or more different bal- 
lots (so that, if a favorite candidate lost his chance to be President, he might still 
have a chance to be Vice-President or Counsellor) , and the instances were much 
fewer in which the same name was repeated on the same ballot — a perfectly useless 
proceeding. But, above all, the independence of voters and the individuality of their 
ballots showed a marked and encouraging progress. The measure of this inde- 
pendence is the number of candidates who came to the front on the first counting — 
in other words, the number of first choices. This number was nineteen, in the case 
both of Vice-Presidents and of Counsellors, nine in the case of President. With 
such a diversity of preference, it may seem surprising that the Board elected com- 
prises exactly the same officers as are now serving, with one exception, Mr. Colby 
being replaced by Mr. Howe. The reason of this is, however, that the new candi- 
dates had no organized backing. Many of them had but one supporter, while suc- 
cess was impossible without at least six (for Counsellors), or at least sixteen (for 
Vice-Presidents), as the event showed. Had any eight voters conspired together to 
make Mr. X. their first choice, he would infallibly have been elected Counsellor ; or, 
if twenty-four voters had agreed on him as their favorite, he would have been chosen 
Vice-President. A larger polling, of course, would have required the agreement of 
a still greater number of persons to make the necessary quota. 


" Forty-eight votes were cast for President. Of these ^Ir. Heald received 27, Mr. 
Stearns 6, Mr. Bacon G, Mr. Ropes 3, Mr. Lowell ^lason 2, and there were four (4) 


" Forty-eight votes were cast for Vice-President. Of these, on the first count, Mr. 
Ropes received 8, Mr. Bacon 7, Mr. Lowell Mason 6, Mr. Stearns 5, Mr. 0. S. Carter 
4, Mr. Colby 2, Mr. Howe 2, Mr. W. J. Beebe 2, Mr. Collamore 2, and there were 
ten (10) scattering. As there were only two candidates to be chosen, the quota was 
24 ; but at the close of the ninth count, when every ballot had been distributed, Mr. 
Ropes had only received 17 votes, and Mr. Bacon iO. Fifteen votes (15) had thus 
been lost for want of some concert among the voters. Let us suppose, liowcver, that 
an ordinary election had been held ])y the same number of voters, divided into two 
opposing parties; a ticket which commanded but 25 supporters might then have 
carried tlie day, and 23 voters would have been completely disfranchised. At the 
worst, therefore, the Hare system in this instance has saved IG per cent, of the total 
vote from going to waste. 


" Fort5'-eight votes were cast for Counsellors, asset fi^rth in the accompanying tally. 
They were all distributed in six counts, with a loss of but two ballots — Mr. Colla- 
more receiving two less than the quota." 


Societies and their Proceedings, 

CD y 



■*^ L_. W OT ^ 

►--; Q v^ k;, ^i:^ f4 O C/Q 

H- 2 ^ ^ 
d ■"* '"' * 



^ cocoo^^o£;^o^^^ 

^ Carter and Mason elected. 







1 1 

Carter's surplus distributed. 

^ i-'bocoooOotoOo^t^ 

No election. 

1 1 

h- 1 

1 1 

r ■ 1 
W 1 1 

1 J 

Scattering distributed. 

1— 1 Cocjih|:i.coOo»^OoOO»4^ 


Stearns elected. 

1 — 1 
1 1 

1 — 1 1 

1 .1 1 

Colby's vote distributed. 


!-• c:>cncoOocnOoOcfJ^ 

No election. 

1 — 1 
1 1 

to c^ M ! 
1 ..1 1 

Blake's vote distributed. 


HJ 1 ci-<i 1 OoOiOcOorf^ 

<! No election. 

1 — 1 
1 1 

1 1 — 1 

>-* 1 to M 4^ 

' L 1 

Page's vote distributed. 


to I OoOoll OcOiOoOo i 


Howe, Vose and Collamore 



S g ^ S 



2 1 o 







2. ^ 




p ^ 








o 3 

p O 
^ O 

° O 




— • K-_ 





" This was the most interesting of the several elections as being the best adapted for 
the application of the Hare system. To illustrate the result still further, a count 
was made of the total number of votes cast for each successful candidate, as follows :" 

Choice i 

Carter 13 

"Mason 8 

Stearns 5 

Howe 3 

Vose I 

Collamore .... 2 

Vol. XXVil. 





































































214 Sjcc'ietles and their Proceedings. [April, 

The Historical and PniLOsopnicAL Society of (Cincinnati) Ohio. 

The annual meeting was held on the 2(1 of December, 1872. 

The librarian, Mr. Julius Dexter, reported that the contributions to the library dur- 
ing the year numbered 8,393 books and pamphlets besides maps, broadsides, photo- 
graphs, Indian relics, &c. The number of" contributors was 156. He mentioned 
the gift, by the Hon. John Scttt Harrison, of the original contract for the Miami 
Purchase between the United ir t ites treasury department and John Cleves Symmes. 
This contract was made Oct. 15, 1788, and is engrossed on two pieces of parchment, 
now yellow from age. It is signed by Samuel Osgood, Walter Livingston and Ar- 
thur Lee as commissioners of the treasury ; and by John Cleves Symmes, by Jona- 
than Dayton and Daniel Marsh, his attorne3's. 

The treasurer, Mr. Robert Clarke, submitted his report, showing that the expen- 
ditures were $106.92 more than the receipts during the year. Most of the ex- 
])enditures were for the printing of proceedings, furniture, catalogue case, binding, 
&C. The society has a building fund of $472.37 ; and has on hand in cash and 
stocks $1,270.62. 

The following named gentlemen were elected officers for the years 1872-73 : 
President — M. F. Force. 

Vice-Presidents — W. H. Mussey, J. E. Wright. 
Corresponding Secretary — R. B. Hayes. 
Recording Secretary — Horatio Wood. 
Treasurer — Robert Clarke. 
Librarian — Julius Dexter. 

Curators — E. F. Bliss, J. D. Caldwell, George Graham, J. M. Newton, J. Bry- 
ant Walker. 

The Poctjmtuck Valley Memorial Association. 

The fourth annual meeting of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association was 
held in Deerfield, Mass., on Tuesday, Feb. 25. Among the interesting relics con- 
tributed to the society the past year, which were exhibited at the place of meeting. 
Dr. Crawford's church, was a well preserved commission, dated 1724, making 
Ebenezer Alexander, whose descendants now live in Northfield, an ensign in Thomas 
Wells's company. The Alexanders were a military family, and this Ebenezer was 
promoted captain for meritorious conduct at the siege of Louisburg, this commis- 
sion, also presented to the association, bearing date 1745. A master roll of his 
company is also preserved, and a return, signed by him, giving a list of the wounded, 
killed and missing of the king's forces at the action at Ticonderoga. The total, ac- 
cording to his report, was 1,942, including Gen. Lord Howe. A copy of the will of 
John Sheldon, who built the Indian House, dated April 3, 1726, was exhibited ; also 
a piece of picture-frame moulding, made from the old oak under which Elder Wm. 
Janes preached the first sermon in Northfield, in 1672. The tree was burned a few 
years ago, and the moulding was presented by Miss Mary Stratton, of Northfield, 
who has taken a great interest in antiquarian matters. Here, too, was an ancient 
style spinning wheel, such as was in use 200 years ago, presented by Col. Thomas 
W. Ripley, of Boston; also a rude wooden shovel, that was used by the pioneer 
Rettlers of the valley, a picture of the Boston Massacre, a piece of linen woven by 
Miss Chloe Allen of the Bars in 1742, and several other articles of antiquarian value. 
The secretary's report shows that the association has now a membership of one 
hundred and eight ; that one member, Humphrey Stevens, of Greenfield, has died 
within the year, and one person, Henry Hitchcock, of Galesburg, III., has become a 
life-member by the payment of $25. The treasurer's report shows a balance in the 
treasury from last year of $987.21, besides which there are $87.83 in the hands of 
the trustees of the Old Indian House Door, which will be paid over to the associa- 
tion when the memorial hall is built. The treasurer received annual assessment 
fees to the amount of some $25, so that the funds of the association really amount 
to a little over $1,100. The president, who is also lil)rarian and cabinet keeper, re- 
ported a steady increase in donations, and a more urgent demand for a public place 
of deposit and exhibition. 

The choice of officers for the year resulted as follows: President^ the Hon. -Geo. 
Sheldon, Deerfield ; Vice-Presidents, the Hon. James M. Crafts, Whately, S. O. Lamb, 
Greenfield; Corresponding Secretary, the Rev. Dr. Crawford, Deerfield; Secretary 
and Treasurer, Nathl. Hitchcock, Deerfield; Councillors, the Rev. Edgar Bucking- 
ham, Dr. R. N. Porter, Dexter Childs, 0. S. Arms, Robert Childs, Mrs. Henrietta 
Clapp, Deerfield, J. Johnson, Austin DeAVolf, E. A. Hall, Greenfield, Coi. R. H. 

1873.] Book-Notices, 215 

Lcavitt, Char! cTTi out, J. B. Bardwell, Shelburae, Miss C. A. Baker, Cambridge, E. L. 
llolton, Nortblicld, Lorenzo Brown, Vernon, Yt. • 

At a subsequent meeting of" the council, George Sheldon was appointed Librarian 
and Cabinet Keeper, and Dr. R. Crawford, Dr. R. N. Porter and Dexter Cbilds 
Finance Commiltee for the ensuing year. 

The meeting at the church was adjourned, and about six o'clock the people of the 
village gathered at the town hall to partake of the collation prepared by the ladies, 
and listen to the literary exercises that were to follow. 

The walls of the room were honored by the presence in portraits of many of the 
venerable fathers and mothers of the town. The collection was made by Nathaniel 
Hitchcock, and was an interesting feature of the occasion. Among them were 
]);iintings of Dr. Goodhue, who was in Deerfield forty or fifty years ago, and who 
iiinde a donation of $2,000 to Dr. Crawford's church; Dr. "William Stoddard 
\\ illiams and his wife, who was Polly Hoyt, daughter of "Landlord" lloyt, and born 
in the Indian flouse ; Dr. Stephen Williams, son of the "old Doctor" and hia 
wife ; Maj. Dennis Stebbins and his wife, who are remembered by many of the pre- 
sent day; Edward Russell and wife; Dea. Thomas Greenough, of Boston, in 
DDwdered wig and velvet coat of one hundred years ago, irrandfatiier of the present 
Thomas Greenough ; Henry Childs, of Wapping; Col. £llihu Hoyt, who was born 
and died in the Indian House, was a member of both branches of the legislature for 
iii)ward of twenty years, and discharged many high and responsible duties; 
Augustus Wells, father of S. F. Wells ; Jonathan R. Childs, who was highly 
talented and much respected ; Mrs. Catherine Alexander, of Charlestown, who 
afterward became Mrs. Stearns and mother of Mrs. Geo. Sheldon, a beautiful por- 
trait by a celebrated Boston artist of her day, and retaining its coloring with re- 
markable freshness ; Mr. Quartus Hawks and wife, the latter arrayed in an immense 
lace cap and cape. 

The exercises were inaugurated by the singing of an old-fashioned hymn. 

The Rev. II. H. Barber, of Somerville, who is a native of Warwick, read a paper 
carefully prepared by Eliza A. Starr, of Chicago, which graphically described 
the Bars Fight, as handed down by tradition through the subsequent generations. 
Mr. Hitchcock introduced his portraits to the audience, and then Miss Snow, of 
Belchertown, whose mother was a resident of Deerfield, read a poem, entitled " The 
Old Grave Yard in Deerfield. '\ ^ 

The remainder of the exercises consisted of an extended genealogical account of 
the AVells family, Avhich will appear in tiie July number of the Register. This 
was followed by a poem from tlie Rev. Mr. Barber, remarks on the Deerfield mas- 
sacre, by Mr. J. Johnson, and a poem by Fisher Ames Foster, of ^Vasliington, D. C, 
read by Miss M. Severance. • 


Anti-Slavery Opinions before the Year 1800. Read before the Cincinnati 
Literary Club, November 16, 1872. By William Frederick Poole, 
Librarian of the Public Library of Cincinnati. — To which is appended a 
Fac Simile Reprint of Dr. George Buchanan's Oration on the Moral and 
Political Evil of Slavery, delivered at a Public Meeting of the Maryland 
Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, Baltimore, July 4, 
1791. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 1873. 8vo. pp. 82 and 20. 

In the small collection of books and pamphlets, called the library of George Wash- 
ington, and which belonged to him, now in the library of the Boston Athen^um, 
is a tract containing the oration of Dr. George Buchanan, bearing the title given 
above f which he delivered in Baltimore before an anti-slavery society, only four 
years after the adoption of the federal constitution. This oration contains opinions 
and sentiments of the most radical type. 

Mr. Poole rightly thought such "an incident worthy of historical recognition, 
and a place in anti-slavery literature." Starting with this incident, Mr. Poole 
has made a careful and diligent inquiry how far the opinions of Dr. Buchan- 

216 Boolc' Notices, [April, 

an represent the current sentiments of that time on the subject of slavery. In pur- 
suin<^ tliat iiKiuiry he liuds that the opinions and sentiments of most of the leading 
public men in the middle and southern states were not only hostile to the continu- 
ance of the African slave-trade, but that on both moral and economical grounds 
they were earnestly desirous of extinguishing domestic slavery as fast as it could 
be done safely and lawfully. In support of this view he draws largely from the 
correspondence of Mr. Jefferson. He finds that the first anti-slavery society, in this 
or any other country, was formed, April 14, 1775, in Philadelphia ; The New- 
York, January 25, 1785 ; the London, July 17, 1787 ; the Paris, in February, 
1788; the Delaware, in 1788; the Maryland, September 8, 1789; the Pthode Island, 
in 1789: the Connecticut, in 1790; the Virginia, in 1791, and the New-Jersey, in 
1792. In addition to these state-societies there were several local societies in Vir- 
ginia, INIaryland and Pennsylvania. These societies by their delegates first met in 
convention in Philadelphia, January 1, 1794, and these conventions were held 
annually for several years. 

From these facts, and from the utterances and labors of these societies and con- 
ventions, Mr. Poole concludes " that the popular idea that the political anti-sla- 
very agitation was forced upon the South by the North, and especially by Massa- 
chusetts, is not a correct one ; " and he adds that " in the second period of excited 
controversy, from 1820 to 1830, the South again took the lead. In 1827, there were 
one hundred and thirty abolition societies in the United States. Of these, one 
hundred and six were in the slaveholding states, and only four in New-England and 
New- York. Of these societies eight were in Virginia, eleven in Maryland, two in 
the District of Columbia, eight in Kentucky, twenty-five in Tennessee (with a mem- 
bership of one thousand), and fifty in North Carolina (with a membership of three 
thousand persons)." 

In connection with the text, Mr. Poole gives much biographical, anecdotal and 
statistical matter, which enhances the interest and merits of the work. 

The volume is handsomely printed, and must be regarded as a very valuable con- 
tribution to the literature of the subject on which it treats. 

Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society. Volume I. Being a Ee- 
publication of the Original Parts issued 1850-51-52-53-56. St. Paul: 
Pamaley, Chaney & Co., Printers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 519. 

In the year 1849 a territorial government was organized over the territory of 
Minnesota, which then comprised 165,4*')1 square miles. There were then but three 
or four towns, and St. Paul contained only 400 or 500 inhabitants, while the white 
population of the territory did not exceed 1500 persons. In 1850 the population 
was about 6000. In 1858 a portion of this territory (83,531 square miles) was 
made a state, the population of which, in 18G0, was 172,023 ; and in 1870 it was 
439,706, only a small fraction of which was of foreign birth. The advance of this 
state in wealth, schools, and the productive industries, has been as remarkable as 
in the matter of population. 

In 1849 the Minnesota Historical Society was organized, and its prosperity has been 
almost unexampled in the history of such institutions. Its affairs have been admin- 
istered by men of energy, zeal and intelligence, like those who have managed 
the civil affairs of the state ; concerning whom we are justified in quoting the language 
of a contemporary : " there is nothing too flattering to predict of the future greatness 
and prosperity of a people who commence to write their history as soon as the 
foundations of their commonwealth are laid." This work the society entered upon 
at once, and the several volumes and parts of volumes issued by the societ}' since 
that time attest its activity and enterprise. 

The volume before us is a republication, at the expense of the state, of the first 
volume whieh was issued in parts, the editions of which were exhausted some 
time ago. The strictly historical contents of the volume are as follows : The French 
Voyageurs to Minnesota, in the 17th century, by the Rev. E. D. Neill ; Descrip- 
tion of Minnesota (1850), by the Hon. II. 11. Sibley; Our Field of Historical Re- 
search, by the Hon. Alexander Ramsey; Organization of Minnesota Territory; 
Early Courts of Minnesota, by the Hon. Aaron (Joodrich ; Early Schools of iMirtne- 
sota, by 1). J. A. Baker ; Religious Movements in Minnesota, by the Rev. C. IIo- 
bart ; The Dakota Language, by the Rev. S. R. Rigijs ; History and Physical 
Geograi)liy of Minnesota, by H. R. Schoolcraft ; Letter from Prof. AY. W. Mather, 
the (Jeolngist; Letter of Mesnard [French Roman Catholic Missionary, in 1600, to 
the Indians about Lake Superior], by the Rev. E. D. Neill; The St. Louis 

1873.] BoohNotkcs. 217 

River, by the Kev. T. M. Fullerton ; Ancient Mounds and Memorials, by 
Messrs. Pond, Aiton and Riggs ; Schoolcraft's Exploring Tour in 1852, by 
the Rev. W. T. Boutwell ; Battle of Lake Pokeguma, by the Rev. E. D. Neill ; 
Memoir of Jean N. Niccolet, by the Hon. H. H. Sibley ; a Sketch of Joseph Ren- 
ville, by the Rev. E. D. Neill ; Department of Hudson's Bay, by the Rev. G. A. Bel- 
court ; Obituary of James M. Goodhue; Dakota Land and Dakota Life, by the 
]^ev. E. D. Neill ; Who were the first men? by the Rev. T. S. Williamson ; Louis 
Hennepin, the Franciscan; Sieur du Luth, the Explorer between Mille Lacs and 
Lake Superior ; La Sueur, the Explorer of Minnesota River; D'lberville, an Ab- 
stract of his Memorial, &c. ; The Fox and Ojibwa War ; Capt. Jona. Carver and 
his Explorations ; Pike's Explorations in Minnesota ; Who discovered Itasca Lake ? 
by William Morrison ; Early Days at Fort Snelling; Running the Gauntlet, by 
AV^m. J. Snelling; Reminiscences, Historical and Personal, by the Hon. H. H. 
The volume contains a great deal of matter of permanent interest and value. 

Practical Information concerning the Public Debt of the United States, with 
the National Banking Laws for Panics, Bankers, Brokers, Bank Directors, 
ayid Investors. By William A. Richardson, Assistant Secretary of the 
Treasury. Washington, D. C. : W. H. and O. H. Morrison, Law Pub- 
lishers and Booksellers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 186. 

This manual, which has the stamp of the highest authority, will be found to be 
of great value to all who seek for full and accurate information in regard to the 
public debt, and the laws and regulations relating to national banks. Part I. gives 
practical information concerning the public debt. Part II. gives the national 
Dankiug laws, with notes and references to the decisions of the courts and opinions 
of the attorney-general thereon. The index is full and minute. 

A Chapter of the History of the War of 1812, in the Northioest. Embracing 
the Surrender of the Northivestern Army and Fort at Detroit, August 16, 
1812 ; ivith a Description and Biographical Sketch of the celebrated Indian 
Chief Tecumseh. By Colonel Willia:m Stanley Hatch, Volunteer in 
the Cincinnati Light Infantry, and, from the Invasion of Canada to the 
Surrender of the Army, Acting Assistant Quarter-Master General of that 
Army. Cincinnati : Miami Printing and Publishing Company. 1872. 
12mo. pp. 156. [For sale by Robert Clarke & Co., Cincinnati. Price 

This unpretending little volume is quite an interesting addition to the history of 
events referred to in the long title given above. It deals mainly with the opera- 
tions of (tcu. Hall, and his surrender, and gives additional facts in regard to 
the character and death of Tecumseh. 

Tlie Story of the Great Fire. By " Carleton." Boston : Shepard and 
Gill. 1872. 12mo. pp. 32. 

This is a graphic description of the greatest of the " Great Fires " of Boston, 
that of November, 1872, illustrated by engravings from designs by Billings. The 
author, Charles Carleton Coffin, is widely and favorably known as an author and 
lecturer. j. w. d, 

Mansfield Sixty Years Ago. A Lecture delivered in Mansfield, Ap)ril 23, 
1872. By Rev. George Leonard. 

It is profitable for a people as well as an individual to pause occasionally and 
look back to see the progress it has made ; and the Rev. Mr. Leonard has done a 
good s'ervice to his people and to the cause of history, in preparing the lecture now 
before us. During the period which he has reviewed as great an advance has proba- 
bly been made in the comforts and conveniences of life as had previously been made 
from the landing of the Pilgrims to that time. The younger readers of this pam- 
phlet will be surprised to learn that so many of the necessaries of life, as they are now 
considered, have been introduced within the last sixty years. j. w. d. 

218 BooJc-Noticcs. [April, 

T/ie PiihVic Records of the Colony of Connecticut, from May, 1717, to 
October, 1725. Transcribed and Edited in accordance with a Resolu- 
tion of the General Assembly. By Charles J. Hoadly, Librarian of 
tlie State Library. Hartford: Press of Case, Lockwood & Brainard. 
1872. 8vo. pp. iv. and 602. 

This is the sixth of a series of Tolumes devoted to the public records of what is 
now the State of Connecticut. We have ah^eady spoken of the importance of this 
series, and of the excellent manner in which it has so far been edited. ^ The work 
is reliable. One feels the utmost confidence, in quoting the text as given by the 
editor, that he has a correct transcript of the original. This volume covers a period 
of the history of the Colony of Connecticut, which was undisturbed by any very 
serious event either at home or abroad. There is abundant evidence on almost 
every page that the energies of the people were engaged in efforts to lay on a broad 
and wide basis the foundation of their social and civil life. 

The general assembly exercised a fostering but always ''cautious" interest in 
the promotion of manufactures and other industries, and in the cause of popular 
education. The rights and welfare of the Indians within the limits of the colony 
were protected and jealously guarded. 

The general assembly endeavored to stimulate private enterprise by granting 
special licenses. Hence in 1717, Edward Hinman was authorized to make corn- 
stalk molasses within the county of Fairfield, for the next ten years, provided he 
should " make as good molasses, and as cheap as comes from the West Indies. ' 
In 1718, license was granted to John Prout, Jr., Moses Mansfield, and Jeremiah 
Attwater, " to set up a mill to improve the flax-seed of this colony, and for the ex- 
tracting and producing of linseed oyl ; " and, in 1719, the same persons were grant- 
ed the exclusive right to make " linseed and rape oyl." In 1719, Ebenezer fitch 
and his associates asked and obtained the right " to set up a slitting-mill upon the 
river called Stony Brook, within the bounds of Suffield, in the County of Hamp- 
shire, to slit and draw out iron rods for nails, and for other artificers m iron their 
work and use." The right was limited to the next fifteen years, but if the colony 
of Massachusetts should impose a duty on said wares, then Fitch and associates 
were required to set up another mill. A peculiar and felicitous method of retalia- 
tion ! In 1725, Richard Rogers, of New-London, gained the exclusive right " to 
make duck to be equivalent to Hollands duck," for the next seven years. 

There are frequent proofs that the general assembly took a deep interest in the 
young college, which, after many vicissitudes, was finally settled in New-Haven, 
in 1718. Saybrook, Middletown, Wethersfield and New-Haven were rival suitors 
for the location. Frequent though small grants were made to the college. One of 
these was a small percentage of the impost placed upon " rhum " imported from 
the West Indies. In the legislation which finally settled the location of Yale Col- 
lege, we see evidence that the jealousy of Hartford and Saybrook, at least, was 
soothed by grants of money. 

That the treasury of the colony was carefully guarded and that no leaks or perqui- 
sites were allowed, is seen in the entry under date of October, 1717, of a vote giving 
constables in attendance on the assembly " 3 s[hilliugs] per diem, twenty days 
the sum of three pounds, and to Mr. Trobridge, for a quire of paper, the sum 
of two shillings, out of the public treasury." 

The assembly was also capable of expressing a sort of grim humor now and then. 
In 1722 the inferior court ordered the reputed flither of a bastard child to 
pay a certain sum towards its support. The county court had acquitted the 
reputed father of the charge of fornication in this_ very case; whereupon the 
superior court reversed the judgment of the inferior court. The assembly, 
evidently tliinking " a bird in hand was worth two in the bush, "^reversed the 
judgment of the superior court, and compelled the "reputed father," though ac- 
quitted of the crime, to pay costs of maintenance. Somebody must pay. 

The earliest use of the " previous question " in the proceedings of the assembly 
is found, says Mr. Hoadly, in the debates on the location of Yale College. 

The titlo-page of tlie volume bears an impression of the colony seal ordered in 
1711, Avliich c(mtainsan error {Connecticcnsis for Connecticutensis) . This error 
remained uncorrected till 1781. 

There is further documentary evidence here also relating to the vexed questions 
as to the boundaries of the colony. 

1873.] Book-Notices. 219 

Columbus and the Geographers of the North. By the Rev. B. F. De Costa, 
Autlior of " The Pre-Columbian Discovery of America by the Northmen." 
The Church Press : M. it. Mallory and Company, Hartford, Conn. 
1872. 4to. large paper, pp. 23. 

Mr. De Costa has made, in various forms and in several works, valuable contribu- 
tions to the literature of the subject of the early voyages for discovery to Greenland 
and the coast of America. Whatever he vrrites upon the su])ject is entitled to the 
candid and respectful attention due to intelligent and critical investigation. 

In this tract he seeks to establish the tliesis, that Columbus was instructed 
111 directed by the accounts which the Northmen carried back to Europe of their 
vages and discoveries in iVmerican waters. In the course of his discussion, he 
aives a 1)rief but succinct and clear history of these voyages, and examines carefully 
the principal objections advanced against the claims for the Northmen of having 
liiade pre-Columbian discoveries of this continent. And upon a survey of the 
])roof's, and due weighing of all the circumstances, he comes to the conclusion that 
l»ortions of the north Atlantic coast were visited by Northmen, and that not only was 
the information which they gained widely disseminated through Europe, long prior 
to the first voyage of Columbus, but that he was greatly indebted to this knowledge. 
We do not see how the proofs can lead to any other result. At least tlie argument 
in its favor is so strong that those who refuse to admit the conclusion here reached 
are put upon the defensive. 

Provincial Papers. Documents and P.ecords relating to the Province of 
Neio-Hamj)shire, from 1749 to 1763 ; Containing very valuable and inter- 
esting Records and Papers relating to the Crown Point Expedition^ and 
the " Seven Years French and Indian War,'' 1755-1 7 G2. Published 
by Authority of the Legislature of New-Hampshire. Volume VI. 
Compiled and Edited by Nathaniel Bouton, D.D., Corresponding 
Secretary of the New-Hampshire Historical Society. Manchester : 
James M. Campbell, State Printer. 1872. 8vo. pp. xii. and 921). 

Among other matters of importance to all interested in the history of New- 
Hampshire, this volume contains the documentary evidence of the long controversy 
between Gov. Benning "Wentworth and the house of representatives, as to his ri^ht 
to negative their choice of a speaker, and to determine what towns were entitled 
to representation ; the conspiracy for his removal, in which Richard AValdron and 
Col. Isaac Iloyall were the chief actors ; the action of the province and its rulers in 
the matter of the Crown Point expedition, and the long, bloody and expensive Indian 
war, known as " the Seven Years' War " ; the extension and growth of the north- 
ern and western sections of the province ; and the action of the government in 
favor of the Rev. Eleazer Wheelock's plan for instructing the Indians. Besides 
these there are additional documents, relating to the Masonian title, and other pa- 
pers of value. 

The next volume, the 7th and last of the Provincial Papers, will, says the editor, 
contain all records, papers and documents, to be found relating to the ante-revo- 
lutionary period and the administration of John Wentworth, the last of the royal 
governors of the province. 

This volume seems to be carefully prepared, is supplied with frequent notes, has 
like the previous volumes of the series a good index, and is very well printed. 

It is to be hoped that the legislature of New-Hampshire will carry the publica- 
tion forward at least through the revolutionary war. 

The New-Hampshire Historical Society is to celebrate its 50th anniversary on the 
22d day of jMay next, when the Hon. Chas. H. Bell will deliver an address. Un- 
doubtedly some measure will then be instituted to further this publication. 

Will of Samuel A. Way. — William A. Richardson, Asa Potter, Charles 
G. Way, Ellis W. Morton, Executors and Trustees. Boston : Wright & 
Potter, Printers. 1872. 8vo. pp. 57. 

"We are indebted to Judge Richardson, who has recently been confirmed as 
secretary of the treasury, for a copy of this interesting will, which with its seven 
codicils occupies 50 pages of the book. 

220 Book-Notices. [April, 

Mr. "Way left a very large estate. The only proyisions of the will, however, of 
special public interest, is the munificent provision made for the benefit of the needle 
women of Boston. The following is the material part of this portion of the will : 

" After satisfying the requirements of the herein before mentioned trusts, enu- 
merated under clause ' JSinth ' of this will, the said trustees shall hold and 
apply the balance of the property that shall remain in, or at any time come to their 
hands under and by virtue of this will, upon trust for the benefit of the Needle- 
women OF THE City of Boston, in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the ap- 
plication of the same to be made, as far as shall seem practicable to the said trustees, 
in the exercise of their sound discretion, in the manner herein suggested. 

" My design is to ameliorate to some extent the condition of the large class of 
industrious women of the said city who gain their livelihood by sewing. As the 
chief embarrassments to which this class of persons are exposed result from a failure 
of employment at certain seasons, and a scarcity of suitable dwelling places, it is 
my wish that they may be relieved by a supply of work when ordinary sources fail, 
and by the provision of houses containing convenient, healthful apartments specially 
adapted to their accommodation. 

" My principal object is to help workers to constant employment at fair prices, 
and to desirable houses at fair rents. 

" When, however, the realization of this object is so far effectuated that the said 
trustees shall consider that, in the furtherance of my design, direct charitable aid 
may be properly extended to those in need, who may be unable to work, I desire 
that such aid may be bestowed under suitable limitations. 

" Except under extraordinary circumstances, it is my wish that such aid shall not 
be offered to any one person for a longer period than three successive months, pre- 
ferring rather to extend temporary relief to the casually necessitous, than to provide 
for other cases which are better met by the liberal beneficence of our many charitable 

" I suggest that the said trustees create from the property held on this trust, two 
funds, of such proportionate amounts as may seem expedient, one to be regarded as 
a labor fund and the other as a building fund ; that these two funds be allowed to 
accumulate, if necessary, but as soon as practicable they be employed respectively 
in supplying work and building houses. 

" The supply of work may be provided by investing capital in undertaking the 
manufacture and sale of the various descriptions of goods produced by sewing 
women. IStores and salerooms may be opened, or goods may be manufactured upon 
contracts. They are, however, to be manufactured at times when sewing women 
are most in want of employment. 

*' The houses to be erected should be sufficiently large to be built economically ; 
they should be conveniently arranged, with ample provisions for light and air, and 
be pleasantly located. Apartments should be let to sewing women -at fair paying 
rents, and the proceeds[applied in carrying out the intentions 1 have expressed." 

This it will be seen creates a perpetual trust, which we doubt not will be well and 
beneficently administered by Judge Richardson and his associates, and their suc- 

The Vestry Booh of Henrico Parish, Virginia, 1730-73, comprising a His- 
tory of the Erection of and other interesting facts connected ivith the 
venerable St. John's Church, Richmond, Virginia, from the Original 
Manuscript, with Notes and Introduction. By R. A. Brock, member of 
the Virginia Historical Society, and corresponding member of the Numis- 
matic Society of Penn. ; the Archeological and Numismatic Society of 
New-York, and the Numismatic Society of Boston. Printed for private 
distribution. Richmond, Va. 1872. 4to. pp. text, 157; preface and 
introduction, xvii. ; appendix, 38; total, 212. 

This volume constitutes No. 5 of Wynne's Historical Documents, notices of which 
have appeared in the Register from time to time. This series of papers is both 
valuable and interesting, and its publication reflects great credit upon all concerned, 
but especially upon the Hon. Thomas H. Wynne at whose cost this volume, andwe 
believe its predecessors also, have been published. In this patriotic and praise- 
wortliy labor Mr. Wynne and the editors of these volumes are successfully rescu- 
ing from oblivion an important part of the ancient history of their commonwealth ; 
memorials of the most interesting events, scenes, localities and incidents in her an- 

1873.] Boole-Notices. 221 

nals ; and the names, deeclp, and chief personal characteristics of the most conspicuous 
nctors. Not only thiH, but they are unconsciously though inevitably erecting the 
•only durable uionumentH of their own names, which will last when the memory of 
"pliemcral ))oliticians and mere aggrandizers of wealth, who chiefly monopolize the 
ittention of the world at the prenent time, shall have utterly perislied. 

All who are in any degree acquainted with the early hL^tory of Virginia must 
'-snow that not the least interesting and important part of it is the history of Henrico 
J^arish. Within it^s extensive limits was tlie t^econd settlement made in the colony, 
the town of llenricopolis (afterward known as Henrico), which was founded by 
Sir Thomas Dale in 1011. In this parish tlie fii'st active measures on a large scale 
were instituted for the promotion of education in the colony, — the enterprise tliat 
resulted in the endowment and establishment of William and Mary College. 
'J'lie most interesting visible memorial of this ancient parish is the venerable St. 
^John's church, in the city of Richmond, whose history is given in the introduction 
io this book. It may be justly c«,lled the fostering temjde of lil)erty in Virginia, 
for here it was that Patrick Henry uttered that imj^assioned and eilective ap})eal to 
arms, wliich summoned and moved the eons of Virginia to the delence of their im- 
perilled rights. Here met, also, several of the patriot conventions, including that 
which ratiiied the federal constitution. 

The text of this volume comprises nearly all that survives of the records of this 
j)arish. The Vestry Book commences with the minutes for the year 1730, and in- 
cludes those for the year 17713. 

In the introduction to this elegantly printed volume, Mr. Bnx^k has given a con- 
densed history of Henrico l*arish, and hasapi)ended copious topographical and gene- 
alogical notte. These add much to its historical value. The edition is limited to 
100 copies. 

General Washington's Head Quarters in Camhridye. A Paper read before 
the Massachusetts Historical Society in September, 1872. By Charles 
Deane. Fifty copies reprinted from the Proceedings. Boston : Press 
of Jolm Wilson & Son. 1873. 8vo. pp. 9. 

This paper is principally devoted to an examination of the correctness of the state- 
ment made by tlie late President Felton, of Harvard University, to Washington 
Irving, that the " President's House" assigned to (Jen. Washington by the Pro- 
vincial Congress, June 2H, 1775, was not, as generally supposed, the house of the 
President of the College, but that of the President of the Congress. Dr. Deane finds 
no evidence that the i)resident of the congres'^ had at that or anj' other time a house 
in Cambridge, and proves conclusively that Pres. Felton was mistaken in his a.s- 
sertion. Gleneial AVashington, however, if he occupied the " President's House," 
which was assigned him, resided there only a few weeks, when he removed to the 
Vassall or Craigie house, so well known as his Head Quarters, now the residence of 
the poet Longfellow. An interesting description of the President's Uouse and a 
view of it are given. j. w. d. 

Paul hunt's Diary. May — December, 1775. Edited by Samuel A. 
Green, M.D. Boston: For Private Distribution. 1872. 8vo. pp. 19. 
[Press of John Wilson & Sons, Cambridge. A reprint from the Proceed- 
ings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, for February, 1872.] 

The editor's preface contains a brief notice of Lt. Paul Lunt, communicated by the 
lion. George Lunt, of Boston, from which it appears that said Paul was a descendant 
of Henry Lunt, one of the original settlers of the town of Newbury, in 1635. He 
was a first lieutenant of the first company raised in Newbury during the revolu- 
tionary war, and which was commanded by his kinsman Ezra Lunt. This company 
actively participated in the battle of Bunker Hill. Paul afterward served as an officer 
in Arnold's expedition for the siege of Quebec, lie returned to his farm in New- 
bury after his military service, and died in 1824. 

The diary opens with the marching of his company from Newburyport, AVednes- 
day, May 10, 1775, and ends with the entry under date of Saturday, Dec. 23, 1775. 
Lt. Lunt reports that the enemy killed at Bunker Hill battle " about 50 of our men, 
Avounded about 80. We killed of the king's troops 890, — 92officers, 104 sergeants." 
lie mentions no one as in command in the light of June 17, and only refers ty " Dr. 
Warren " as '*lo8t in the battle." 

xxvii :^o 

222 Book-Notices. [April, 

Ji Memorial Discourse of Bishop Easiburn, delivered in Emmanuel Church, 
Boston, on Sunday, December 8, 1872. By the Rector, Alexander H. 
Vinton. (Published by Request of the Congregation.) Boston : Alfred 
Mudge & Son, Printers, 34 School street. 1873. 8vo. pp. 30. 

This is a remarkable discourse, not only in its bold, just, and impartial analysis 
of the late bishop's public and private character, but also in its vivid and exhaustive 
statement of the condition and circumstances under which he exercised the duties of 
his episcopal office. 

Dr. Vinton is a master of the highest and best style of public discourse, and 
whatever he utters is likely to command the attention of the public, and especially 
of the church, of which he has long been an able and distinguished member, and 
into the highest counsels of which we trust he is soon to be called. 

" Always abounding in the work of the LordP A Sermon in Memory of the 
Reverend George T. Chapman, D.D. By George D. Johnson, Rector 
of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport. Newburyport: William H. Huse 
& Co., Printers, No. 42 State street. 1872. 8vo. pp. 12. 

The late Dr. Chapman was an eminent and for a lon^ period an efficient presbyter 
of the Protestant Episcopal church, and the memory of his godly life and arduous 
labors in the ministry will ever be held in grateful memory by thousands who were 
the subjects of his pastoral and personal interest. Mr. Johnson, in his eloquent and 
well considered memorial discourse, pays a fitting tribute to Dr. Chapman's cha- 
racter, his official services to the church and the world, and the inSuence of" his 
sermons on " The Ministry, Worship, and Doctrines of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church," eight editions of which have gone to the press. 

We shall publish an obituary notice of Dr. Chapman in the Kegister for July. 

Hie Penn Monthly. Terms : $2.50 in advance ; single copies, 25 cents ; 
five copies will be supplied for $10 per annum. Editor : Robert Ellis 
Thompson. Manager : John C. Si31^, Jr. Office : 506 Walnut street, 

^ The Penn Monthly is published regularly every month, in Philadelphia. It 
aims to be an exponent and defender of sound views respecting politics, public af- 
fairs, education and social improvement. It also aims to be a magazine for all 
times by the discussion of questions of public interest in literature, science, art and 
philosophy, treated in a thoughtful way. The contributors have b«en men distin- 
guished as thinkers and students both in Philadelphia and in other cities of the 
country. The Penn Monthly has entered upon its fourth year, having become fully 
established and its permanent success beyond a question secured. It will continue 
to discuss the various questions of the day, as they arise ; especially the national 
finances, the true theory of political rights, the duties of the State, and its relation 
to education and home industries. Papers upon art-subjects and the application of 
the arts to industries will appear from time to time. New books, both American 
and foreign, will be examined in the spirit of impartial criticism, and particular 
efforts will be made to render critical notices valuable for their fulness and 
thoroughness. We take increasing interest in this magazine. 

The College Courant, a Weelly Journal, devoted to the Interests of Colleges, 
Universities, and the Higher Education. Office, 458 and 460 Chapel 
street, opposite Yale College, New Haven, Conn. 

The College Courant is published fifty weeks in the j^ear, the semi-annua 
volumes of twenty-five numbers each, beginnin<^ on the first Saturdays of January 
and July. The subs(!riptit)n price, payable in advarice, is Four Dollars a year, or 
Two Dollars and a Half for six months. Five copies will be sent for $17, and ten 
copies for $30. Club terms with other periodicals, and special advertising rates, 
furnished on application. 

The date of the expiration of each subscription is indicated on the printed label, 
which })y turns is a recei})t and a bill. A delay of three months in paying the sub- 
scription increases its cost to $4.50, and a delay of six months to $5.00. The post- 




age (Five Cents a quarter), is payable at the office where the paper is received. 
Subscribers outside the United States are charged the price of foreign postage in 
addition to the regular rates. All remittances should be made by post-office money 
order, registered letter, draft, or check ; and all communications should be addressed 
to the Publishers of " The College Courant," New Haven, Conn. 

The College Courant is ably conducted, and is almost indispensable to the grad- 
uates of American colleges. 

Reviews and Magazinks. — We have received, since the issue of our January 
Number, the regular issues of the following: The American Church Review 
(Hartford, Ct.) ; Methodist Quarterly; New Englander ; Bibliotheca Sacra; Scrib- 
ner' s Magazine ; Harper's Marjazine; The Eclectic Magazine; The Historical Re- 
cord; The Penn Monthly (sec notice above) ; The Collcje Courant (see notice 
above) ; and The Boston Numismatic Journal. 


[The subscribers to the Rkgister are 
invited to continue to send obituary notices 
to the editor. These will be placed in 
the archives of the New-England His- 
toric, Genealogical Society, for pre- 
servation and reference ; but on account of 
our limited space we shall not be able 
hereafter to print more than a brief abstract 
of such notices. — Editor.] 

Anderson. — Brig. Gen. Robert Anderson, 
U.S.A., d. Oct. 2G, 1871, in Nice, Italy. 
He was born in Kentucky, June 14, 
1805 ; graduated at the Military Aca- 
demy in 1825 ; entered the army as lieu- 
tenant in the 2d artillery. His service 
in the Black Hawk war, in 1832, 
Seminole war in 1835, and Mexican 
war, led to his rapid promotion. He 
was for a time an instructor in the 
military academy, and at a later date 
assistant inspector-general of the army. 
After the Mexican war he was governor 
of a military asylum in Kentucky which 
he founded. 

In 18 GO he was placed in command of 
the fortifications in Charleston (S. C.) 
harbor. Here he remained so long as 
he could do any service to the govern- 
ment, and till he was compelled to leave 
his post by an overpowering insurgent 
force. His conduct and that of his fel- 
low officers and the few soldiers that 
constituted his force has passed into his- 
tory as among the touching incidents of 
the late civil war. 

His health was seriously affected by 
the cares and sufferings of the war, and 
he sought in vain in foreign lands for 

Gen. Anderson was a faithful, pru- 
dent, and meritorious officer, and a 
gentleman of the highest type of char- 

Atwood. — Tlie Hon. Archelnus T). At- 
wood, a prominent citizen of Orrington, 
Me., died in Chelsea, Mass., Feb. 17, 
aged 77 {ante, vol. xxv. p. 3G1). He 
had been a subscriber to tlie Register. 
from its commencement. 

Bigger. — Mrs, Elizabeth Spooner Bigger, 
wife of James E. G. Bigger, of Stockton, 
died in Stockton, Cal., Jan. 10, 1873, 
aged 48 years, 2 months, 8 days. 

Her father was Reed Spooner, who 
was born in Acu,shnet, Mass., May 4, 
1790, died in Cincinnati, O., September 
19, 1835. 

Her mother was Abigail, daughter of 
Capt. Samuel and Abigail (Tolraan) 
Lewis, Avho was born in Falmouth, 
Mass., November 8, 1797, died in Cin- 
cinnati, April 10, 1830. 

She had a liberal education in the 
academies of the Messrs. Pickett, and 
John Locke, M.D. From 1839 to 1851, 
she was employed as an instructor in 
the public schools of Cincinnati ; in 
1840 she united with the Ninth Street 
Baptist Church. 

She was married June 26, 1851, and 
the following November, went to Cali- 
fornia, with her husband. Two of her 
three children survive her ; the eldest, 
Ella Jane, married William G. Betts, a 
merchant in Stockton. 

Mrs. Bigger was a woman of warm 
sympathies, ardent in her attachments, 
generous, and most devoted to her family 
and friends. 

Her father was sixth in line of descent 
from William and Hannah (Pratt) 
Spooner, who was in Plymouth as early 
as 1637, and an early settler of Dart- 
mouth, in which he held a proprietary 
Her mother, by her father, was a 




descendant of George and Sarah (Jen- 
kins) Lewis, from county of Kent, Eng- 
land, in Plymouth 1633, Scituate 1635 ; 
and, by her mother, she was a descendant 
of Thomas Tolman, who is reported to 
have come in the *' Mary and John," 
in 1630, settled in Dorchester, and lo- 
cated at "Pine Neck," now "Port 
Norfolk" {aoiie, xiv. 247). B. 

Gould. — Mrs. Mary Gould, wife of the 
Hon. Samuel Gould, of New-Portland, 
Maine, died in that town, Jan. 2, 1873, 
aged 67 years, 10 months, 20 days. 

Four of her five children survive her, 
and are living in New-Portland. 

Mrs. Gould was the third child of 
Dr. Ward and Betsey (Parker) Spooner, 
of New-Portland ; granddaughter of 
Ward and Abigail (Pers) Spooner, of 
New-Bedford ; great-granddaughter of 
Isaac and Ruth (Gardner) Spooner, of 
Dartmouth ; gr. gr. granddaughter of 
William and Alice (Black) Spooner, of 
Dartmouth; gr. gr. gr. granddaughter 
of John Spooner, of Dartmouth ; and gr. 
gr. gr. gr. granddaughter of William 
and Elizabeth (Partridge) Spooner, of 
Plymouth, 1637, subsequently of Dart- 
mouth. 8. 

Grant. — Samuel Grant died in Phila- 
delphia, on the morning of the 23d of 
September, 1872, in the 90th year of his 
age : one of her oldest and most success- 
ful merchants, with whom the business 
progress of that city, for the last fifty 
years or more, had been intimately as- 

His grandfather, Samuel Grant, lived 
on Union st., Boston, and his store was at 
♦* the sign of the Crown and Cushion, near 
the Town Dock, 1736." His father, 
Moses Grant, was born in Union street, 
24th January, 1742. He was one of 
the memorable tea merchants who re- 
fused to pay tribute to English tyranny, 
and encouraged the act of open resist- 
ance. He was also one of the party who 
secured the fieldpieces of the English 
troops, and hid them under the old 
school-house in Mason streeet. He was 
one of the deacons of Brattle street 
Church ; and died 22 Dec, 1817. 

Samuel Grant was born in Boston, 
Mass., April 16, 1783, and was an older 
brother of deacon Moses Grant, who 
died July, 1861. His early life w^as 
spent under the fostering care of kind 
and devoted parents, who spared no 
pains in instilling into his mind and 
heart, those sound principles of honor 
and virtue, which he never lost sight of 
in his future life, and which had so great 

influence in moulding his after career. 
Educated at one of our public schools, 
he always referred with great satisfac- 
tion to his possession of one of the first 
Franklin Medals. 

His father's residence was for many 
years in Cambridge street, facing Bow- 
doin square, and the neighboring re- 
sidences were those of Samuel Gore, 
Samuel Parkman, Doctor Bulfinch, 
Judge Sullivan, John Cames, Coolidge, 
Spooner, Sigourney, Loring, Boot, Car- 
gill, &c. In bis twentieth year he em- 
barked for Holland, where he was 
engaged in business for a few years. In 
1807 he returned to this country, went 
to Philadelphia, and commenced busi- 
ness on his own account ; and after- 
w^ard, under the firm name, so well 
known in mercantile circles in this 
country and Europe, of Grant & Stone. 
For over thirty years this partnership 
continued in mutual harmony and profit 
till the decease of Mr. Dexter Stone, 
which occurred in November, 1847. In 
1817 Mr. Grant originated the maritime 
enterprise known as the "Line of Bos- 
ton and Philadelphia Packets," which 
subsequently became a successful ven- 
ture, and entered largely into the busi- 
ness of the two cities, and especially into 
the commercial development of Phila- 
delphia. In Boston, Long Wharf and 
Kice and Thaxter were inseparably con- 
nected with this enterprise. 

During the more active period of his 
life, Mr. Grant was a leading spirit in 
the affairs of numerous institutions, 
among w^hich may be mentioned the 
♦' Philadelphia Saving Fund," and the 
«• Franklin Fire Insurance Company " — 
in the latter of which he was a director for 
forty-three years. He represented the 
house of Baring Brothers & Co., London, 
for over thirty years, being their agent 
at the time of his decease. He was also 
the agent for the Messrs. Dupont's gun- 
powder for forty years, and served the 
city as guardian of the poor for one term. 
During his long career of business pur- 
suits, his paper was never dishonored ; 
and many now successful houses have 
good cause to remember his willingness 
to render them pecuniary aid, when 
other resources liailed them in the day 
of trouble. A Philadelphia newspaper 
says : " The deceased enjoyed the es- 
teem and respect of alljiersons wdth 
whom he became associated, either in 
public or private life ; always courteous 
in his bearing towards others, and ever 
maintaining a firm control over himself. 
His death has created a vacuum in the 
mercantile cncle of Philadelphia, which 





it will he difficult to fill. His many 
deeds of noble <5enero.sity, hi.s strict in- 
tegrity of purpose and conduct, will be 
cherished long after the grass becomes 
green over his grave. tSit illi terra 
levis." 8. G. D. 

Haines. — Miss Mary Jane Haines died in 
Galena, 111., on Tuesday, the 7th Jan., 
187-'^, at the house of her brother, 
Andrew M. Haines, aged 62 years, 2 
months, and 9 days. She was the last 
surviving daughter of Joseph and Martha 
(x. (Dwinell) Haines, of Loudon, N. 
II. ; and was born in Londonderry, N. 
H., 25th Oct., 1810, and resided in 
Lynn, Mass., since lb3L She was a 
lineal descendant, of the 7th generation, 
from Deacon Samuel Haines, of Ports- 
mouth, N. H., who came from England 
to New-England in 163/5. See Register, 
vols, xviii. 91, and xxiii. 149. a. w. h. 

Jordan. — The Hon. Ichabod Goodwin Jor- 
dan died suddenly at his residence in Ber- 
wick, Me., Feb. 21, 1873, aged 66 years, 
4 months, and 15 days. He was a son 
of the late Capt. Ichabod Jordan, of 
Saco, Me., and was born in that town 
October 6, 1806. lie graduated at 
Bowdoin College in 1827, in a class 
"which included among its members the 
Hon. John V. Hale, of New- Hampshire, 
and the Hon. Mr. Felch, of Michigan. 

Soon after his admission to the bar, 
in 1830, he commenced the practice of 
law in Great Falls, N.H., and had a 
large practice in Maine, and has been 
for many years almost as regular an at- 
tendant upon the courts of his native 
county (York) as the resident members. 
In 1864 he took up his residence in 
Berwick, continuing his practice in both 
states to the time of his death. During 
his residence in New-Hampshire he was 
a member of the senate of that state, and 
subsequently a member of the house of 
representatives of Maine. Mr. Jordan 
was always a democrat in politics, and 
an outspoken and firm adherent of the 
policy of the democratic party, and an 
active participant in its work, showing 
by precept and example his foith in its 
principles. He was also a zealous and 
active mason ; a member of the grand 
lodge of New- Hampshire, and for two 
years grand master of that body. 

He was married June 3, 1833, to Miss 
Sarah L. Goodwin, daughter of the late 
Hon. Jeremiah Goodwin, of Alfred, 
Me., who survives him. He leaves two 
daughters— the eldest the w^ife of Frank- 
lin J. Rollins. Esq., of Portland, Me., 
and the youngest the wife of Albert 
Henry Sweetsir, of Saugus, Ms. 

•N. J. H. 

Lewis. — Thatcher Lewis died in Cincin- 
nati, May 13, 1872, aged 83 years, 9 
months, and 8 days. 

Mr. Lewis was bom in Falmouth, 
Mass. He emigrated to the West, and 
located in Cincinnati in 1815. He was 
a house carpenter and joiner by trade, 
which occupation he followed for many 
years. For more than forty years he 
held the relation of deacon in the Enon 
liaptist church, Cincinnati. His was 
a useful, active and most exemplary 
life, and positions of trust were often 
confided to him by popular vote. 

His imrents were Lothrop and Lucy 
(Palmer) Lewis. His fatlier was de- 
scended from George Lewis, one of •• the 
men of Kent," who was in Plymouth, 
1633 ; a member of the Rev. Mr. Loth- 
rop's church in Scituate. 1635 ; removed 
to Barnstable 1639 ; died 1662 or '3. His 
mother was daughter of the Rev. Samuel 
and Sarah (Asher) Palmer, of Fahuouth 
and Chilmark. 

Mr. Lewis married, May 22, 1813, 
^Lartha, daughter of Thomas and Rebecca 
Shiverick ; born July 1, 1791, died Oct. 
24, 1840, She was the first person 
baptized in the Ohio river at Cincinnati. 
She Avas a descendant of the Rev. Samuel 
Shiverick, first minister of Falmouth, s. 

NuTE. — Ephraim Nute, Esq., died in 
Dover, N. IL, Feb. 27, 1873. He was 
the eldest son of Meserve and Elizabeth 
(Ames) Nute, and was born on the 
family homestead, inherited from the 
first settler of the name, April 14, 1796. 
His paternal ancestor, James Nute, was 
of Capt. John Mason's colony, sent to 
the Piscataqua about 1631, and was of 
a distinguished family of this name, 
living for many reigns in Tiverton, co. 
Devon, England, but now extinct. The 
emigi-ant ancestor settled on the west 
side of Dover Neck, a little south of 
John's Creek, some years prior to 1648, 
and soon after purchased of the town a 
large tract of land, on the west bank of 
Back river, which has been a homestead 
for his descendants to this day, the eighth 
generation being now in possession of 
the same. The third generation of his 
descendants fell into the present way of 
writing their surname, now universally 
adopted by the family. 

Mr. Nute resided many years in Bos- 
ton, and was an appraiser in the Custom 
House during one administration. He 
was a man of much intelligence, es- 
teemed by all who knew him, and one 
of the earliest subscribers to the Regis- 
ter. He married Mary Bancroft, of 
Reading, and leaves one son, the Rey. 
Ephraim Nute, Unitarian clergyman. 

c. w. T. 




Ohne. — Mrs. Anne Stone Orne died in 
Cambridge, Feb. 29, 1872. Mrs. Orne 
was the second daughter of Moses and 
Abigail (Learned) Stone, of Waiertown, 
where she was born Maj* 4, 1792. Her 
first ancestor in America was Simon 
Stone, who came from England in 1735, 
settled on the banks of Charles river, 
and by grant and purchase acquired a 
large landed estate; comprising in his 
own hands and those of his descendants, 
the larger pare of Mount Auburn, a 
great proportion of what is now Cam- 
bridge cemetery, the Winchester estate, 
and other lands. It remained in the 
line of direct descendants till the death 
of the last •' master of Mount Auburn," 
Moses Stone, Esq., in 1803; there be- 
longing to it at that time 150 acres. 
The homestead with about twenty-five 
acres became the widow's dower. 

Mrs. Orne was married in the autumn 
of 18 11. Her husband was John Gerry 
Orne, grandson of the Hon. Azor Orne, 
of Marblehead, and great-nephew of the 
Hon. Elbridge Gerry, vice-president of 
the United States. Of their six children, 
three survived them. 

Mrs Orne was a lady of great per- 
sonal attractions, and of a character re- 
markable for purity, nobility, dignity 
and uprightness. Her influence was 
ever of the best and highest. 

Her early education was thorough in 
English and such classical literature as 
was then taught to girls, with the ac- 
complishments they were required to 
possess. Her love of knowledge was by 
no means satisfied, and that love never 
failed through a long life. At the age 
of sixty-three she began, by herself, to 
learn Hebrew, in order to read the Bible 
in that language, and in the course of a 
few years acquired the power to read 
readily Hebrew, Greek and Latin, and 
fluently German, Italian, Spanish and 
French. She was interested in other 
languages also : in the Runic characters, 
in old Saxon, in Sanscrit, &c. 

She took much interest in genealogy 
and kindred studies, and contributed 
occasionally to the N. E. H. and G. 
' Registeh. 

In all but a very few of her later years, 
her conversational powers were admira- 
ble, and she would charm alike old and 
young. The wonderful vigor and en- 
ergy of her character enabled her to pass 
through many years of illness and suf- 
fering, under which ordinary natures 
would have sunk. Her mind remained 
unimpaired to the last. With a fine 
imagination she was a concise and clear 

After a few days final illness, borne 
with a happy, child-like spirit and perfect 
acquiescence in the will of the Lord, she 
fell asleep, and was laid to rest in Mt. 
Auburn, — her home-land. c. r. o. 

Putnam. — George P. Putnam, one of the 
most prominent of American publishers 
and a well-known author, died suddenly 
of apoplexy on Friday evening, Dec. 20, 
1872, at his place of business, on the 
corner of Fourth avenue and Twenty- 
third street, New-York. Mr. Putnam 
was born in Brunswick, Me., on the 21st 
of February, 18 14, and was consequently 
in the 57th year of his age. He com- 
menced attending school in his native 
town, but subsequently came to Boston, 
where he remained until he was fourteen 
years of age. Having obtained a situa- 
tion in the bookstore of David Leavitt, 
then the largest publisher in New- York, 
he went to that city, which he ever after 
made his residence. He afterward en- 
tered the employ of John Wiley, whose 
partner he became about 1840. In 1841 
he went to London as representative of 
the firm, and remained there seven years 
in charge of the English branch of the 
house. He was one of the first to build 
Tip the business of importing English 
books, a business which has since been, 
largely developed, and he was probably 
the first to introduce the sale of American 
publications into England. He returned 
to New- York in 1848, and soon after 
engaged in business for himself, becom- 
ing widely and popularly known from 
the character and excellence of his pub- 
lications. In 1852 he started Putnam's 
Monthly, disposing of it four years 
afterward. It failed the next year. Ten 
years afterward it was again started, 
but in 1870 it was merged in Scribner. 
In 1863 Mr Putnam retired from active 
business to become collector of internal 
revenue, but again entered it in 1866 in 
conjunction with his two sons. He was 
author of several works which were more 
or less popular. While in England he 
wrote a reply to Dickens's American 
Notes, which attracted considerable at- 
tention. His most important literary 
work, however, was the well known 
text book, " The World's Progress ; or. 
Dictionary of Dates," which he com- 
menced at the age of fourteen, complet- 
ing it at twenty-two ; revising it, from 
time to time, to keep the record up to 
passing events. The last revision was 
finished a few weeks before his death. 







Vol. XXVII. JULY, 1873. No. 3. 



By Albert II. IIott. 

Dr. Chandler's long and eminently successful ministry of forty-three 
years was passed in tlie duties, successively, of lay-reader and catechist, and 
rector of St. John's churcli, in P^lizabethtown, New-Jersey, and in the towns 
or country adjacent. Elizabethtown was the first permanent English settle- 
ment in the territory lying between the Hudson and Delaware rivers, and 
until within recent years continued to be the most important town in the 
state. Its importance was due to the character, number, and wealth of its 
nihabitants, and to the fact that for a Jong period of time it was the seat of 
government of New-Jersey, and the metropolis of her political and social 
life. Vfe may, therefore, the better appreciate the character of the place and 
the people, where and among whom Dr. Chandler lived and labored, if we 
briefly review their origin and history. 

In the year 1GG4, a few residents of the western end of Long Island, in 
pursuance of a design formed some years before, but frustrated by the 
Dutch authorities of New-Amsterdam, purchased a large tract of land of 
the Indian owners or occupants of what is now New-Jersey. Their 
title was confirmed by Gov. Nicolls, acting in behalf of the Duke of York. 

The territory covered by this patent " extended from the mouth of 
the Raritan on the south to the mouth of the Passaic on the north ; 
a distance, iu a straight line, of not less than seventeen miles ; and 
running back into the country twice this distance; embracing the towns 
of Woodbridge and Piscataway, the whole of the present county of 
Union, part of the towns of Newark and Clinton, a small part of the 
county of Morris, and a considerable portion of the county of Somerset ; 
containing about 500,000 acres, upland and meadow, in fair proportions, well 
watered by the Raritan, the Passaic, the Rahway, and Elizabeth rivers. 
Thompson's [Morse's] Creek and Bound Brook; diversified with level 
plains and ranges of hills of considerable elevation, ordinarily classified as 
mountains, and having a soil susceptible of a high state of cultivation."* 

It appears from the best authorities that in February, 1G6|, the number of 

' Hatfield's His. of Elizabeth, p. 36. 
Vol. XXVll. 21 

228 The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler} D.D, [J^^J, 

planters then on the ground or identified with the settlement was about 
seventy, the greater portion of whom were young, hardy, intelligent an(5 
industrious men, who had wives and children. Most of them were New- 
England people who had resided for a longer or shorter period in Southold 
Southampton, East Hampton, Hempstead, Huntington and Jamaica on Lon^ 
Island, whither they went from Stamford, Milford, Fairfield, New-Haven 
and Guilford. Several of them, or their parents who were originally fron: 
Massachusetts Bay, immigrated by the way of Wethersfield, Hartforq 
and Windsor, Conn., and were closely allied by blood or marriage to thf 
oldest and leading families of New-England. By intermarriage, by Ion 
association in other settlements, and by similarity of tastes, experience, anc 
religious faith, they were essentially one people.^ 

They became not only settlers in the new territory, but associate owned 
of the soil. None were rich in worldly goods, but none were too poor tc 
buy land. Such a community could not fail to subdue the wilderness, t( 
build houses and roads, to erect churches and maintain religious worship 
to establish and support schools, to live temperately and orderly, and to laj 
on a broad and sure foundation,- after the pattern of New-England comma 
nities, the various institutions of civil and social order. All this was don^ 
by them, their descendants, and those, whom by a principle of elective 
affinity, they attracted to themselves from other colonies. 

In course of time their patent was cut up into other towns ; new settle 
ments outside its limits were rapidly formed and townships erected, th 
original settlers of which, for the most part, were drawn from even distan 
parts of New-England.* It is not strange, therefore, that a peopl 
of such antecedents, homogenous in their habits, institutions and principles 
should place the impress of their character, as it were, upon the virgi] 
soil of that rich province ; but that, during all the vicissitudes of governmenl 
proprietary or provincial, administered by rulers and magistrates wli 
were either Presbyterians, Friends, or Church-of-England men, the impres 
should yet remain so distinct and the influence of the early settlers so poteni 
that neither the one has been obliterated nor the other materially weakene 
by the extraordinary mixture of social elements which have flowed into th 
state in recent years, — this is remarkable. The fact is itself the best attests 
tion of the character of the original settlers. It is also an illustration of th 
wonderful capacity, seemingly inherent in the English stock, in a new countr 
where labor is abundant and remunerative, and all the avenues of enterpris 
are open to individual eflfort, for absorbing and assimilating people of divers 
origin, habits and traits. 

The greater part of the settlers were professing Christians, and at an earl 
day they organized a church, and erected a building for public religiou; 
worship. This was the only religious organization in the town for aboii 
forty years, and it remained an Independent church, with the forms an 
usages of the Independent churches of New-England, until about the yesi 
1717, when, during the pastorate of the famous Rev. Dr. Dickinson,^ ; 

^ For particular information in regard to the first associated settlers, their origin, &c., S( 
Hatfield's Hist, of Elizabeth. 

2 A considerable number of pcr'^ons removed from Newbury, Mass., and the vieinit; 
and from Dover and Portsmouth, N. 11., and other l)arts of the I'iscataqua to New-Jir.-c. 
The names of tlie towns in New- Jersey, in many instances, indicate the jilaces in Ncv 
Engl n:d from which the settlers removed. Piscataway and Woodl)ridge are example 
Wiiiteiiead's East Jersey (a worlv of great research and value) gives the names and som 
thinii; of the historv of these iinnngr.mts. 

•* The Kev. Jonathan Dickinson, D.D., was born in Hatfield, ISIass., April 22, 1GS8, ai 
died in Elizabctlitown, N. J., Oct. 7, 1747; pastor of the first church from 17U9 to his deal 

1873,] The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. 229 

became a member of the Presbytery of Philadelphia. This society has 
been a prolific parent of other churches, and in the roll of their pastors we find 
a lartre number of scholarly, pious, and influential men. From the first, 
the I'uritan element has largely predominated in the town and vicinity. 

Philip Carteret,* the first of the proprietary governors, and his subordi- 
nate oihcers, domestics and servants, who came over with him in IGGo, were 
undoubtedly either members of the Church of England or had been brought 
up under its influences ; but they were content to worship with the Presby- 
terians, and no attempt seems to have been made to set up their own form 
of worship until after the arrival of Lord Cornbury in 1703. The Kev. 
George Keith^and the Rev. John Talbot, missionaries of the Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, were then in the province, and 
conducted religious services in Elizabethtown, Amboy and other places, 
in private houses for some years. 

Another missionary of the Society above named, the Pev. John Brooke,' 
arrived July 15, 1705, and settled in Elizabethtown and Amboy. In 170(), 
the erection of St. John's church was begun. In November, 1707, Mr. 
Brooke having departed for P^ngland, the Episcopal congregation was left 
without a rector for nearly two years, and was dependent on missionary 
service. In 1709 the Rev. Edward Vauiihan was sent from Enijland as 
missionary for this region. In 1711 the Rev. Thomas llalliday was sent to 
take charge of Amboy and Piscataway, and IMr. Vaughan divided his labors 
between P^lizabethtown proper, Raliwa}", AVoodbridge, Piscataway, and 
paits adjacent. 

Mr. Vaughan continued his fruitful ministry, as the rector of St. John's 
church, until his decease, about the 12th of October, 1747, "fur advanced 
in years ;" and his virtues and services were long held in grateful memory 
by his surviving acquaintances of all classes and denominations. 

For some years after the decease of Mr. Vaughan, St. John's church 
was without a settled pastor ; and as it was necessary to send to England 
for a clergyman, or to send one thither for ordination, it was not an easy 
matter to supply vacancies. Nor was it a very desirable journey to make, 
in view of the expense, the perils of the sea and the frecjuent danger of 
capture. In this emergency the vestry of St. John's church, upon the re 

He was the first president of tlie Collcfre of New-Jersey, wliich was established first in 
Elizabethtown in 1746. He was an excellent scholar, an al)le preacher, and one of the 
ablest and most infiucntial champions of Calvinism and one of the strongest opponents of 
Ei i>copacy ni his day. 

^ Capt Philip Carteret was born in 1639, in the island of Jersey, of which his father, 
Hclicr De Carteret, was the attorney-general. As the first b(n-n of his parents, he became 
Eciirnenr of the Manor of La Honcpie Parish, of St. Peter, Jersey. He was a fourth cousin 
of Sir George Carteret. The latter and Lord John Berkeley were joint proprietors of New- 
Jersey, under grant of the Duke of York. Gov. Carteret named the tract of land, already 
in part occupied on his arrival, Eli/altethTown, in honor of the MMfe of his kinsmnn and 
patron. Sir George. After the death of the latter in 1679-80, the proprietorship of East 
Jersey, his portion, was sold, and soon Gov. Carteret's functions ceased. He died in Eliza- 
beth town, Dec. 10, 1682. For a sketch of his character and somewhat eventful career, see 
AVhitthead's East Jersey, and Hatfiela's His. of Elizai)eth. 

2 The Rev. George Keith was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1638, and died while rector 
of Edburton, Sussex, Eng. For fuller notices of his eccentric career as Pre.-bytetian, 
Friend, and Episcopalian, and of his writitgs, see Sewell's His. of the Quakers, White- 
head's East Jersey, and Clarke's St. John's Church (Elizabethtown). 

^ The Rev. John Brooke was an Englishman, and probably a graduate of Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge, where one of his name took the bachelor's (legree in 1700, and mas- 
ter's degree in 1704. He was vcv}' dear to his people, but in 1707 he so offended Gov. 
Lord Cornbury for expressing his sympathy for the Kev. Mr. Moore of Burlington, who had 
been imprisoned by the governor for reproving his gross immoralities, that he was com- 
pelled to ti^^e to England. In company with Mr. Moore, he embarked from Marblchead, 
Miiss., in Nov., 17"7, but the ship was lo>-t,and all on board are supposed to have perished. 
— Hatfield's Elizabeth ; Clark's St. John's Church, 

230 The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler j D.D. [July, 

commendation of the Rev. Dr. Johnson/ and the Rev. Samuel Seabury,' of 
Connecticut, and others, made an effect to secure the services as lay-reader 
and catechist of Mr. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, who was teaching school 
in Woodstock, Conn., and studying theology under the direction of Dr. 

Mr. Chandler,' the oldest of ten children, was born in "Woodstock, Conn., 
April 26, 1726. His parents were Capt. William and Jemima (Bradbury) 
Chandler. His mother was a daughter of Thomas Bradbury, of Salisbury, 
Mass., and a granddaughter of Rebecca (Wheelwright) Bradbury, who was 
a daughter of the Rev. John Wheelwright (by his wife Mary, probably 
daughter of the Rev. Thomas Storrie) and widow of Samuel Maverick. 
The mother of Jemima Bradbury was Mary, daughter of Col. Edward Hil- 
ton, of Exeter, N. H., and his wife, Ann Dudley, daughter of the Rev. 
Samuel and Mary (Winthrop) Dudley, of Exeter, and granddaughter of 
Gov. John Winthrop and Gov. Thomas Dudley. Capt. William Chandler, 
above named, descended through the Hon. John and Mary (Raymond), Dea. 
John and Elizabeth (Douglass), and AVilliam and Ann (Alcock?) Chandler. 
The last named settled in Roxbury, Mass., in 1637. 

Mr. Chandler's early life was passed upon his father's farm in Woodstock. 
He was graduated at Yale College in 1745, and took rank according to the 
dignity of his family, as seventh in a class of twenty-seven. We may infer 
that he already had a good reputation for ability and fitness for the office to 
which he was called. In commending him to the Venerable Society for 
Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, Dr. Johnson stated that he had 
*' known him three years at least," and as " a truly valuable person, of good 
parts and competent learning for his time and our circumstances, and of 
good morals and virtuous behavior." The Rev. Samuel Seabury also 
described him as one who " from his furniture in learning, prudence, gravity, 
sincere piety, and good temper, as well as agreeable voice," might reasonably 
be expected to be " very useful in the designs of the Society." 

In 1747 he received invitations to serve as catechist at North Castle 
and Bedford, Westchester, New- York, but declining these, accepted the call 
to St. Peter's church, Westchester. Later than this, and immediately upon 
the death of Mr. Vaughan, he received the invitation to St. John's church, 
Elizabeth town, and entered upon his duties about the 1st of December, 
1747. He was then only twenty-two years of age, and consequently ineli- 
gible to orders in the Church of England. He performed the duties 
of catechist and lay -reader in that town and vicinity with fidelity, and bis 
labors were attended with success. 

^ The Rev. Samuel Johnson, D.D. (Oxf. 1743), was born in Guilford, Conn., Oct. U, 
1^96; died in Stratford, Conn., January 6, 1772; gvad. from Yale College in 1714; tutor 
(then the same as professor) tliere from 1716 to 1719; in 1722 was ordiiined in Eniiland a 
priest in the Church of England; received the degree of A.M. from both Oxford and Cam- 
bridge; settled as rector in Stratford, Conn.; first president of King's (now Columbia) Col- 
lege, from 17')l-63; and from 1763 to his death rector of a church in Stratford. He wrote 
a id pul)lished numerous works. His memoirs by the Rev. Dr. Ciiandler, above named, 
were published in New- York in 1805, and in London in 1824, 8vo. For a list of his writings, 
see Allibone, and for fuller notices, see Sprague's Annals, and New-England Historical and 
Genealoirical Register, vol. xxvii. pp. 42-47. 

2 The Rev. Samuel Seabury, D.D. (Oxf. 1777), was ])orn in Groton. Conn., Nov. 30, 1729; 
died in New-London, Conn., Fel). 25, 1793; grad. from Yale College in 1748; ordained 
priest in London in 1753 ; consecrated bishop of Connecticut in 1784, in Scotland; elected 
bishop also of Rhode Lsland in 1790. He has generally been regarded as a very able man, 
and a most efficient ju-elate. — Cmdkins's New-London ; Drake's Bio. Die. 

^ For copious and minute genealogical information concerning this family, see "The 
Chandler Family," Boston, 1872. As to the Winthrop and Dudley families, see New-Eng- 
land Hist, and Gen. Register. 

1873.] The Rev. Tliomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. 231 

At this time, as well as from the first and many years afterward, the re- 
ligious societies in this province in communion with the Church of England 
were poor, and, as we have seen, they relied chiefly upon the aid which the 
Venerable Society at home might be induced to grant out of their limited 
resources to their missionaries. This aid was meau^ie in the extreme. The 
Society granted Mr. Chandler £10 per annum, and the parish agreed to raise 
the sum of £/30 current money of the province a year, additional, and to 
, provide him a convenient parsonage. 

On the 20th of Dec, 1749, he reported to the secretary in England 
' that he had made it his business, to the utmost of his ability, to answer the 
f ends of the Venerable Society in appointing him their catechist; that he 
;l had read divine service, catechized the children, and visited all ranks of 
I people in the congregation ; that he had occasionally read divine service in 
a private house in Kahway, visited the peoj)le there, and was surprised at 
the great concourse at the service. 

In 1750, in response to the repeated requests of the parish for a resident 
^ rector, Mr. Chandler was appointed by the Society to be their missionary in 
Elizabethtown, and invited to go to England for ordination as deacon and 
I priest, if upon examination he should be found worthy. In 1751 he went 
I to England, was ordained by Dr. Thomas Sherlock, bishop of London, and, 
! after a passage of nine weeks, arrived home about the iirst of November of 
t the same year. 

Immediately upon his return he resumed his labors with great zeal, and 
t the additions to the communion of his church in Elizabethtown and in 
[ other })laces were large and constant. He found the calls upon his charity 
I incessant, owing to the poverty of his people, and that the cost of living wau 
i excessively dear; yet his pecuniary resources for several years amounted to 
I no more, and sometimes much less, than £G0 a year. 

I In 1752 he made a journey of 200 miles into New-England. Under 
t the date of Nov. G, in a letter to the secretary of the Society, he says : 

*' I preached at Woodstock fliis native place], an inland town, 35 miles from any 

I place where the service oF the Church had ever been performed ; and by the nuin- 

[ bars tliat attended my lectures, and by the desires of many of them expressed 

ot" fiirther opportunity of attending on, and being acquainted with, the service of 

the Church, I am convinced that it is tor want of opportunity that there is not a 

large congregation of conformists." 

In 1757, and a portion of 1758, the small-pox raged in several parts of the 
province. Among its numerous victims were President Edwards, and his 
daughter Mrs. Burr, the mother of Aaron Burr. Mr. Chandler was dis- 
abled for a time by the disease, and did not recover from its effects for near- 
ly three years. 

In addition to his labors in the village of Elizabethtown at this time, he 
visited and officiated as a missionary in the remote parts of the extended 
territory of the town, in Woodbridge and other places. The performance, 
of this missionary service, up to 1762, had, he wrote to the secretary, 
required of him more than 3000 miles of travel, and nearly 200 ser- 
mons, besides other duties, for which he had not received in pay and gra- 
tuities so much as five guineas. 

In 1758 Gov. Belcher had granted a charter to the first Presbyterian 
church; and in 17 02, Gov. Hardy granted a charter to St. John's church 
whose interests were prospering under Mr. Chandler's labors seemingly be- 
yond his expectations. But in 1703 an element of discord was introduced by 
the second visit of the Rev. George Whitefield. The latter was popular 
among all classes there, and Mr. Chandler's refusal to permit him to officiate 

Vol. XXVII. 21* 

232 The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. [July, 

in St. John's church, created a division in the parish, and resulted in a con- 
siderable loss of communicants. From this the parish seems to have shortly 

In reference to Mr. Whitefield and the trouble that grew out of his visit, 
Mr. Chandler wrote to the secretary of the Society a letter from which we 
select such extracts as may be found in the Genealogy of the " Chandler 

" Some things have lately happened in my Mission, of wliich I think it my duty to 
inform the Society. My Tranquility, which never before was interrupted, was 
Bomewhat disturbed in ye Winter past by reason of my refusing my pulpit to Mr. 
Whitefield, wiio signified his desire of preaching in my Church. Ttiis was, unluckily, 
at a time when no clergyman had yet refused him since his last coming into the 
country and alter his having had y" free use of y*^ churches in Philadelphia, which 
last consideration was what led my people to expect and desire that I should receive 
him into mine. But knowing y'^very exceptionable point of liijjht in Avhich he 
formerly stood with my superiors at home thro' his undutiful and schismatical 
behaviour, and having no evidence of his reformation in those respects, much less 
of his having made any due submission to the Governor of y*^ Church and obtained 
ye Bishop of London's License, I could not think y'^ examples of y"^ clergy in Phila- 
delphia sufficient to justify a conduct, in my opinion, so absurd or so inconsistent 
with y^ Kules of our Ecclesiastical Policy. These reasons I oift-red, but a great part 
of my people remained unsatisfied and appeared to be much ofi'endcd at my incom- 
pliance. I was not without some degree of anxiety about the Event of it ; but y® 
tumult has gradually subsided and matters have for some time returned to their 
former level, excepting that two or three persons of no consequence have left y* 

*' The Dissenters are at this time in this part of the world using all their dexterity I 
and address to gain proselytes from y^ church." "It is a great iiardship upon ye ' 
Church in these Colonies, that its friends must act only on the defensive, y"" times 
being such as to render it imprudent and unsafe to venture into y-' Territories of its 
Enemies. If y^ Clergy say a word even to their own people concerning the unity of 
Christ's body, y^ nature of Schism, or ye necessity of Authority derived from Christ 
in y^ Ministers of his religion, ye alarm is sounded immediately, we are stigmatized 
as factious, and not only so but y® Ven'ble Society is abused on our account." " I 
have always made it a rule to preach chiefly on practical subjects, and to bring as 
little as possible controversy into y*-' Pulpit. I have always lived "upon good terms 
with my Dissenting Neighbors, and with some of them I have cultivateu a consid- 
erable de<i;iee of Friendship." " Y*^ Dissenters almost to a man are watching every 
opportunity to promote y^ cause, and not so much as a negro can fall in their way, 
but some of them will try to proselyte him, and they are now provided with a very 
strong argument for that purpose taken from those sudden and instantaneous con- 
versions which within 6 months have frequently happened in this and y-' adjacent 
towns amongst the Dissenters, whereas there have been none in y'= Church." "To 
fay anytliinir even against this kind of conversi(m, whose ccmvert^ion is known to be 
60 greatly needed, would be shocking to y^ multitude ; and yet to say much in favor 
of them is to contradict both reason and experience. It ye Cleriiy are <»;overned 
altof^ether by a Principle of giving no offence, perhaps it is most a<2:reeable to 
worldly prudence ; yet to act with spirit in y^ defence as well as cultivation of our 
Lord's Vineyard seems most consistent with our Christian dut3\" 

He wrote also on the 5th of July, 17C5 : 

" I cannot but think that all Mr. Whitefield's bitterness and ra<i;e against ye 
church would have availed but little, had he been able only to attack it 0)>en!y and 
from without. But what gives him an opportunity of really hurting y^ Ciuirch, is 
his pretended friendship for her, his wearing y*^ tlarb of her children, his frequently 
quoting our excellent Liturgy, Articles, Homilies, Sec, with solemn declarations of 
his esteem and admiration. I will say no more of him as he lias at len<jjth left us ; 
but my greatest fear is that he will soon begin to hanker after his dear America, few 
people cli()osin<5 to continue long in a state of Insignificance, when they have it in 
their power to appear with more than Apostolic importance." 

^ The whole letter is printed in Clark's TTist. of St. John's Chnrch, whvvo also will he 
found u larixc number of Dr. ChantUcr's letters, and much other viiluable historical matter. 

1873.] The Rev, Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. 233 

The promulgation in the American colonies of the law called the stamp 
act of 17G5 led to deep dissatisfaction and wide spread agitation, involving 
the province of New-Jersey no less than the other provinces. Mr. Chandler 
was loyal to the king and the parliament, and, while he regretted their 
policy in this matter, declared his purpose to respect and obey the law, and 
to uphold the parliament. In this purpose he remained fixed to the last. 
In reference to this subject, he wrote to the secretary, under the date of 
January 15, 17()G, a letter which, for its manly expostulation with the au- 
thorities in England, keen analysis of the political questions at issue, states- 
manlike and Christian views of the true course of king and parliament, is a 
monument of its author's ability, piety, and good sense. Well would it 
have been for the British government had its administrators heeded Dr. 
Chandler's advice.* 

# # # # "The duty of a missionary in this Country is now become more 
difficult than ever. It is hard to dissemble any truths or precepts of the Gospel, and 
eouie of them relating to (.'ivil Society it is now become dangerous to declare. !Such 
an universal spii it of clamour and discontent, little short of mndnet-s, and such an 
opinion of oppression prevails throughout the Colonies as I believe was scarcely ever 
seen on any occasion in any Country on Earth. And it iseems to be the determined 
inflexible resolution of most People from Halifax to Ceorgla, never to submit to 
what the}' esteem so grent an infringement of their essential rights as some of the 
late acts of the Parliament. Every friend therefore to the Happiness of the 
Colonies, or even of Great Britain, who is acipiainted with the case as it really is, 
must wish that the Parliament would relax of its severity ; which yet, it must be 
confessed, is no ca^y thing, after such Provocations as have been lately offered on 
the part of the Colonies. jMost probable the l*ariiament are able (altho' most 
people here pretend not to believe they are) to enforce the Stamp Act ; j-et should 
they resolve to do it, a dis^i fleet ion of the Coloniis, of whicli there have been no 
visible symptoms before, will be undoubtedly established. 

" I do not mem by what I have said to excuse the conduct of m}' countrymen ; 
for I really detest it, and do endeavor to traverse and counteract it to the utmost of 
my ability. And yet this apology they are entitled to, y' the government has not 
taken much pains to instruct them better. If y^ Interest of the Church of England 
in America had been made a National Concern from the beginning, by this time a 
general submission in y^' Colonies to y*^ Mother Country, in everything not sinful, 
might have I'ccii expected, not only for wrath, but for conscience' sake. And who 
can be certain but y« present rebellious disposition of y^ Colonies is not intended by 
Providence as a punishment for that Neglect ? Indeed many wise and good persons, 
at home, have had y^ Cause of Reliciion and y^ Church here sincerely at heart, and 
ye Nation, whether sensible of it or not, is under great obligations to that Worthy 
Society, who by their indefatigable endeavors to propa(jaie the Gospel and assist the 
Church, have, at the same time, and thereby, secured to y*-' State, as far as their in- 
fluence could be extended, y*^ Loyalty and Fidelity of her American Children." 

Mr. Chandler's ability, labors, and unswerving loyalty were recognized 
in England, and in 17 GO the University of Oxford conferred upon him the 
degree of doctor of divinity. 

The want of an American episcopate for obvious reasons had long been 
felt and deeply deplored by members and supporters of the Church of Eng- 
land throughout the colonies. Ui'gent appeals had been made to the 
authorities in England in regard to resident bishops. That these 
appeals remained unheeded for more than fifty years is one of the 
strangest facts in American history. The subject was exciting general 
interest in 17 07. Pamphlets appeared on both sides. The Kev. East 
Apthorp, and Doctors Johnson and Caner, had Avritten in favor, and Doctor 
Mayhew against the project. By the solicitation of Doctor Johnson, and by 
appointment of the Episcopal clergy of New-York, New-Jersey and Penn- 

^ See tlie letter in Clark's St. John's Church. 

234 The Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler^ D.D. [Ji^b^ 

sylvania, who met in convention^ in Shrewsbury, N. J., in 1767, Dr. Chandler 
prepared and published in New- York in June, 1707, a panaphlet, dedicated 
to the lord archbishop of Canterbury, entitled : 

" An Appeal to the Public in behalf of the Church of England in America : Where- 
in the Original and Nature of the Episcopal Office are brietiy considered, Reasons for 
sending Bishops to America are assigned, the Plan on which it is proposed to send 
them is stated, and the Objections against sending them are obviated and confuted : 
With an Appendix, wherein is given some account of an Anonymous Pamphlet." 

The object of this formal " appeal " was to satisfy the American public 
that resident bishops were essential to the economy of the Episcopal 
Church ; that the want of such officers subjected it to great hardships ; 
that the fears and objections of those who opposed the plan were groundless; 
and their opposition a source of great injustice. The work was generally 
treated with candor and respect, and the merits and force of its argument 
and statements were acknowledged. Very shortly, however, an attack on 
the pamphlet began simultaneousl}^ from different parts of the country. 
The Rev. Dr. Charles Chauncy,* of Boston, responded, in 1768, in a pam- 
phlet to which Dr. Chandler soon after replied. This reply was met 
by Dr. Chauncy in 1770, and Dr. Chandler answered in 1771, in a 
pamphlet of 240 pages. Concurrently with this, the newspapers of Bos- 
ton, New- York and Philadelphia teemed with articles, many of which indi- 
cated great ability, but nearly all were tinged with bitterness, and not a few 
were senseless, violent, and even scurrilous. The ablest undoubtedly of all 
the newspaper articles proceeded from the Rev. Dr. William Smith, afterward 
known as a scholar and historian. His arguments in favor of the appeal for 
resident bishops under the plan proposed now seem to have been unanswer- 
able ; but events were ripening which prevented any action by the authori- 
ties in England. 

Dr. Chandler continued his official and extended missionary work, which 
included not only the scattered families in far-out-lying districts, but the In- 
dians in New-York, Pennsylvania and other parts. He was industrious in 
his effiDrts to secure the cooperation of the clergy and magistrates in his 
plans, and in his correspondence with the Society. His congregations in- 
creased, and his parish began the erection of a larger church. The revo- 
lutionary war put a stop to this, however, and the work was not resumed 
by that generation. 

Dr. Chandler warmly espoused the royal cause, and soon found his 
situation extremely painful and unpleasant. On this account he left for 
England on the 24th of May, 1775, in company with the Rev. Dr. Myles 
Cooper and the Rev. Samuel Cook. His parish was left without a rec- 
tor or supply ; his congregations were soon scattered ; public worship was 
suspended ; the church itself was used as a hospital and a barrack, in turn 
by soldiers of both sides in the war ; nearly all the wood-work of the 
interior was destroyed, and the building narrowly escaped two attempts to 
destroy it by fire. 

Dr. Chandler remained abroad for ten years ; but they were not years 
of idleness. 

Says Prof. IMcVickar : 

" From a manuscript journal kept by Dr. Chandler during his absence, and now 

* Among the names of the clergy then present arc those of Dr. Auchmuty, Dr. 
Chandler, Dr. Myles Cooper, Dr. Ogilvie, Mr. Charlton, Mr. Seabury (afterward 
bisliop of Connecticut), Mr. Inglis (afterward bishop of Nova Scotia), and Mr. Abraham 

2 New-England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. x. 

1873.] The Rev. Thomas Bradhury Chandler, D.D. 235 

[1830] in tlic possession of the author, Tve find him still laboring for those Tvhom he 
had left ; raising funds for his destitute brethren ; urging ui)on the bishops with 
whom he seems to have lived in habits of intimate friendship, the completioa of his 
long cherished plan of an American episcopate.'"^ 

The Rev. Dr. Bcrrian states that 

*' He was received with such a marked and universal respect into the society of the 
most distinguished persons as has very rarely been rendered to anyone from our 
country in private life."^ 

In tlie State Paper OfTice, London, there is a petition of Thomas Brad- 
bury Chandler and others, presented to the king prol)ably in 1777, praying 
that in consideration of their services to the king, and of their discovery, at 
considerable expense, "of a tract of land on the waters of the Ohio, in the 
province of Canada, the settlement of which must soon take place," they 
may have a gi'ant for 100,000 acres of said land. 

In 1780, a cancerous affection on liis nose, a relic of the attack of small- 
pox before mentioned, developed itself and seriously affected his health. 
All remedies proved useless. 

Up to 1783, not less than 30,000 royalists, it is estimated, had removed 
to Nova Scotia, and most of these were attached to the Churcli of England. 
They were without episcopal supervision. On tliis account, in May of this 
year, an ap])lication was made (through Dr. Seabury, then on his way to 
be consecrated a bishop), to the archbishop of York, by several of the 
Episcopal clergy of New-York and Connecticut, for the appointment of a 
bishop for the ])rovince of Nova Scotia, and they named Dr. Chandler as a 
lit person for that ollice. Dr. Seabury, in a letter dated in London, Sept. 3, 
of the same year, reported that the aforesaid nomination would proba- 
bly succeed; and in May, 1784, he wrote home to the same effect. 

In the meanwhile his parish had since the proclamation of peace been 
earnestly soliciting his return, which was postponed on account of the delay 
in the matter of the episcopate. 

In a letter written in London, April 23, 1785, to Bishop Skinner, of 
Scotland, Dr. Chandler said : 

" You may, perhaps, have heard that after having been separated eight years 
from my lamdy, which 1 left in New-Jersey, I have been detained here two years 
longer, with the prospect of l)cing appointed to the superintendency of the church 
in our new country. This business, though the call for it is most urgent, is still 

Postponed ; and it appears to be in no greater forwardness than it did a year ago. 
a the meanwhile 1 am laboring under a scorbutic, corrosive disorder, which renders 
a sea-voyage and change of climate immediately necessary. I therefore thought 
proper to wait upon the archbishop [^loore] a day or two ago, to resign my preten- 
sions to the Nova 8cotia episcopate, that 1 might be at liberty to cross the Atlantic 
and visit my family. * * His grace would not hear of my giving up my claim to 
the above-mentioned appointment, but readily consented to my visiting my family, 
on condition that 1 would hold myself in readiness to undertake the important charge 
whenever I might be called for, which I promised, in case my health should admit 
of it. Accordingly I have engaged a passage in a ship bound to New- York, which 
is engaged to sail by this day fortnight." 

He reached Nevr-York June 19, 1785, but he was never able thereafter 
to resume his parochial duties. The state of his health rarely permitted 
him to perform any official services, and even these were confined to marriages 
and funerals. At the urgent request of the vestry he retained the rector- 
ship, as long as he lived, and also the rectory, which his family had occupied 
during his absence. In 178G the episcopate of Nova Scotia was offered to 
* Professional Years of Hobart. ^ i^id. 

236 Tlie Rev. TJiomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D. [July? 

him, but his failing health prevented his acceptance, and upon his recom- 
mendation his friend, the Rev. Charles Inglis, D.D., was appointed. 

Dr. Chandler died, at his residence, June 17, 1790, in the sixty-fifth year 
of his age. 

The funeral services were performed on Saturday, the 19th, in St. John's 
Church. The Rt. Rev. Dr. Samuel Provoost, bishop of New- York, the Rev. 
Dr. Benjamin Moore, the Rev. Dr. Abraham Beach, the Rev. Uzal Ogden, 
the Rev. Richard Moore, and the Rev. George Ogilvie, served as pall-bearers. 
The burial service was read by the Rev. Samuel Spraggs and Bishop Pro- 
voost. Dr. Beach preached the sermon.^ 

Dr. Chandler is reported to have been " a large, portly man, of distinguish- 
ed personal appearance, of a countenance expressive of high intelligence, of an 
uncommonly blue eye, of a commanding voice, and a lover of music. He 
had fine powers of conversation, was a most agreeable companion for all 
ages, and possessed an unusually vigorous and highly cultivated intellect."* 

Notwithstanding his extremely limited salary or allowances during the 
greater part of his ministry, it is said that he lived with a degree of ease 
and comfort, and in the exercise of a free and unlimited hospitality and 
charity, which were long remembered with wonder and pleasure. 

He was extensively known and respected, and beloved by his parishioners 
and friends. He is said to have been cheerful in his temper, easy and ac- 
cessible in his intercourse with others, fond of study, of retirement and 
rural pursuits, blending and sweetening them with social enjoyments. It 
was natural therefore that his kindness, his devotion to duty, his piety, and 
long and eminent ministry should endear him to his people.^ 

Dr. Chandler was married in 1750 to Jane, daughter of Capt. John andi 
Mary (Boudinot) Emott,^ of Elizabethtown. They had six children, viz. : , 

1. Mary, died early. 

2. William, born 1756, in Elizabethtown ; baptized May 23, 1756 ; grad. at 

King's (now Columbia) College, in 1774. He was a captain of New-Jersey 
volunteers in the royal service during the revolutionary war, after which ': 
be went to England, and died there Oct. 22, 1784- 

3. Mary Ricketts, baptized Nov. 15, 1761 ; died June 28, 1784, aged 22 i 

years, unmarried. 

4. Elizabeth Catharine, baptized July 22, 1764 ; married, Jan. 19, 1786, 

Gen. Elias Boudinot Dayton. 

5. Jane Tongrelou, baptized Sept. 27, 1767; married. May 3, 1796, Major 

William Dayton. 

6. Mary Goodin, born Sept. 11, 1774; married. May 6, 1800, the Rev. 

John Henry Hobart, then the incumbent of St. George's church, Hemp- 
stead, L. I., and afterward bishop of the diocese of New- York. 

' N.J. Journal, No. 350. 

^ Chandler Family. The portrait of Dr. Chandler, which accompanies this article, was 
engraved from an oil paintinc:, by his brother Winthrop, and the plate was kindly loaned 
by Dr. George Chandler, of Worcester, Mass., author of the " Chandler Family." 

3 Ibid. 

* Capt. John Emott was the fourth son of John Emott and his wife (Mary Lawrence, 
step-daughter of Gov. Carteret). James Emott was a French Huguenot, who came fidin 
England as early as 1682: secretary of the province of N. J. ; removed to New- York; 
N. Y. in 1713. His widow married the Rev. Mr Vanglian, before mentioned, in 17H. — 
one of the first vestrymen of Trinity church and contributed liberally to its funds; died m 
Hatfield's Elizabeth, N. J ; Whitehead's East Jersey. 

1873.] U. S. Navy and Naval Academy Registers, 237 



By Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N. 

Beijeving that many persons arc not aware of the data , essential to the biographer 
and genealogist of navy officers, contained in these i)anij)hlcts, 1 "will briefly note what 
may be found recorded in them, and on the records of the Naval Academy in Anna- 
polis. Each congressional district is entitled to be represented by one cadet at the 
Naval Academy. Whenever a cadet dies, resigns, is die^missed, or graduates from 
the academy, the vacancy created is immediately filled by the member of the 
house, or senator then in oflice, aj)p()inting a successor. The president of the United 
{States also has the privilege of api)ointing ten cadets " at large," who are usually 
the sons of naval or military officers, or tlie sons of liis personal friends. Thus the 
Naval Academy has, at all times, a representative from each congressional and 
senatorial district of the United States, plus ten api)ointed " at large " by the 

No candidate, however api)ointed, is admitted into the Naval Academy as a cadet 
midshipman, until he has i)assed a satisfactory examination before tiie " Academical 
Board," and is, in the opinion of a medical ))oard comj)rised of three medical officers 
of the U. S. nav}', found in all resj)ects physically sound, well formed and of a 
robust constitution qualified to endure the arduous labors of an officer of the navy. 
All candidates are rec^uired to certify on honor to their precise age previous to their 
examinations, and none are examined who are under 14, or over 18, the prescribed 
limits as to age. 

The candidate having passed tlic preliminary examinations, his height, weight, 
and lilting jiower are taken, and recorded in a register kept for the purpose by the 
surgeon of the academy. A similar recortl is entered beneath it at the date of fiis 
leaving the institution. A couiparison of the two will show his physical develop- 
ment while an under-graduate. 

Immediately upon the cadet's admission, his name is enrolled upon the academy 
register, together with the name of the state from which he is aj)pointed, the date 
of his admission to the academy, and his age at admis?iion in years and months, and 
this is all })rinted in the first annual register issued after his apj)ointment. This in- 
formation is continued in the academy register for each successive academic year 
until he graduates, and there is added to it, in the succeeding registers, his standing 
in his class each year, his order of merit in eacli of his several studies and prac- 
tical exercises, the sum of tlie demerits he has received during the year, and the 
total amount of his sea-service in j)ractice shi])s. There is also an account ojicned 
"with each cadet in a large book, in which, under his name, is recorded, in full, the 
nature of eacii of his offences against good order and discipline, and the amount of 
the penalty exacted. When a cadet })asses a whole month without receiving any 
demerit, 15 demerits are deducted from the number previously charged against him. 
If he receives 300 demerits he loses his position in the academy. After graduation, 
a general merit-roll of the graduating class is made up, showing the sura of the 
merit of each cadet in each of his several studies and exercises, together with his 
standing in the class at graduation, and this is printed in the academy-register. 

Tlie annual navy-register also contains the names of all the cadet midshipmen at 
the Naval Academy, alphabetically arranged in their classes, with the name of the 
states of their birth, the states from which appointed, the states of which a resident, 
and the date of their entering the academy. . 

After graduating, the midshipman's name is entered on the navj'-register in his 
order of rank; and while all the information previously given concerning him as a 
cadet in the navy-register is continued, there is added to it the date of his gradua- 
tion, his present duty, station, or residence, his total sea-service (in years and 
months), total shore or other duty, how long employed, bow long in the service, 
and the date of the expiration of liis last cruise at sea. 

On being promoted to the next higher grade, the date of graduation is omitted, 
and instead is given the date of present commission, and another column showing 
the sea-service under present commission ; and these columns are continued through 
all subsequent promotions. Thus, l)y an examination of successive registers, the 
date of each promotion and the amount of sea-service under it can be ascertained. 

The same or similar information is given respecting the medical, pay, engineer 
and other staff officers not graduates of the naval academy. 

238 English Wills. [July, 

The navj'-register also contains a list of deaths, resignations or dismissals during 
the preceding year, with the date of their occurrence, and in case of death, the place 
of death; also a list of all the retired and reserved officers, and a table exhibiting 
the pay of all officers of the navy and marine corps, whether at sea, on shore-duty, 
or on leave, or waiting orders. 

The total annual amount of pay and mileage actually received by each and every 
officer of the navy and marine corps is presented to congress under a general law, 
and is usually, if not alwaj's, printed in a separate document. 

In addition to the annual registers which are brought up to the 1st of Jan., and 
are usually issued about the 1st of March, since 1866 there has been an inter- 
mediate register issued in July, giving the name and rank of every officer in the 
naval service, the state of which he is a resident, the date of his present leave or 
order, and present duty station or residence. With regard to officers on the retired 
list, it gives the law under which each officer was retired, his name and rank, the 
state of which he was a resident when appointed, the date of his retirement, 'his 
rank when retired, and by which his pay on the retired list is regulated, and his 
present place of residence or address. 

The annual navy-registers have been published since 1815, in compliance with a 
resolution of the tJ. S. senate of Dec. 13, 1815 ; the naval academy registers since 
1858. There has also been printed, under the patronage of the navy department 
and compiled from its official records, a general register of the navy and marine 
corps of the United States, containing the names of all the officers of the naval es- 
tablishment, from 1798 to 1848, inclusive. This register contains not only the name 
and grade of each officer, but also records the date of his original entry into the 
service, and his progressive rank, or the date of each of the commissions or appoint- 
ments held by him, and the date of his death, resignation or dismissal, or if un- 
known, then his last appearance on the dept. records. There is also attached to 
this volume, the constitution of the United States, a brief historical sketch of the 
origin of the naval establishment, laws of congress relating to the navy and marine 
corps, including private acts and resolutions passed from 1789 to 1847, and a list of 
the officers of the navy to whom votes of thanks, medals and swords had been voted 
by congress. (See Notes and Queries, post.) 


I COMMUNICATED to the Eegister (vol. xxiv. page 78) notes of 
a few wills from Doctors' Commons, touching American families. I 
have since made further researches, at the same office, and noted a few 
more wills, as containing mention of New-England, and of families settled 
here. — William Rainborow, of London, in his will written July 16, 1638, 
mentions the parishes of Wapping and White- Chapel, and many relations, 
viz. : his sons Thomas and William, his father-in-law Renald Ilopton, his 
son Edward, his " daughter Martha, wife of Thomas Coytmore, now in 
New-England," his daughters Judith and Joan, the children of his dead 
sister Sara Post, his brother Thomas Rainborow, his sister Burbridge, his 
sister Wood, his brothers-in-law Robert Wood and John Hopton, and his 
mother-in-law Jane Hopton. The will was proved in 1642. 

Thomas Rainborow, of East Greenwich, Kent, in his will written Nov. 24, 
1668, mentions his wife Mary, his nephew Edward, and his nieces Judith 
Wintlirop and Joane Chamberlaine. The will was proved in 1671. 

Robert Crane, of Great Coggeshall, Essex, in his will written , 

mentions his sons Samuel, Thomas and Robert, his " daughter Rogers, wife 
of Nathaniel Rogers, now of New-England, Clarke," his grandchildren Samu- 
el, Natlianiel, Ezeki(!l, Timothy and John Rogers, his daughter Mary Whit- 
ing, wife of Henry Whiting of Ipswich, his daughter Elizabeth, wife of 
William Chaplyn, his dead brother Thomas, and other relations, among 
whom Robert, son of " cozen " Robert Crane, of Braintree. The will was 
proved in 1658. — Nathaniel Newdigate, als. Newgate of London, in his 

1873.] The Bdchcr Family. 239 

will written Sept. 8, 1GG8, mentions his wife Isabella, his brother Sir John 
Lewis of Ledston, York, his son Nathaniel, his mother Anne, his aunt 
Anne, his brother Simon Line and wife and children, " Edward Jackson 
of New-England my brother-in-law," his brother Peter Oliver, his brother 
Henry Haines, and his cousin Jane Danby, and leaves to his son Nathaniel 
his " lands, tenements and hereditaments in New-England," of which Simon 
Line is to receive the rent, &c. during his son's minority^ The will was 
proved in 1GG8 ; in 1G70 his widow Isabella was wife of John Johnson. 

William Yeamans, of St. Giles's in the Fields, Middlesex, in his will 
written Feb. 24, 1G8G, mentions his " brotlier Christoi)her Yeamans of 
Madman's Necke in the Queen's County on Long Island in the Province 
of New-York in America." The will was proved in 1G87. 



By \V. H. WuiTMOKE, A.M. 

By the kindness of a member of the Belcher family resident in Eng- 
land, we are enabled to print a document prepared in 170-1, which throws 
some light upon tlie ancestry of one of the early colonists. To it I have 
added various notes on those generations of the Belchers which resided in 
New-England ; facts which will be of interest to many descended maternally 
from this distinguished family. 

It seems that Andrew Belcher, the emigrant, and his brother Jobn Bel- 
cher, of Daubury, co. Essex, were the sons of Thomas Belcher, of London, 
clothworker, and grandsons of Robert Belcher, of Kingswood, co. Wilts, 
weaver. It is suggested that this Robert was a younger son of the Belchers 
of Guilsborough in Northamptonshire, a point worthy of farther examina- 

Andrew Belcher, it seems, had two wives ; the first being the daughter of 

, parish of Dedliam, co. Essex, who probably died s. p. before her 

husband emigrated. 

Little seems to be known of the emigrant, except that in 1G52 he was 
licensed to " sell beer and bread for entertainment of strangers and the 
good of the town," as Harris records ( Camb. Upitaphs). His second 
marriage, to Elizabeth Danforth, shows that he was in good standing ; her 
brothers being Deputy Gov. Thomas Danforth, Rev. Samuel Danforth, of 
Roxbury, and Jonathan Danforth, of Billerica, whose wife was Elizabeth 
Poulter, sister of the John Poulter who married Rachel Eliot, niece of the 
Rev. John E. The children of (1) Andrew^ Belcher, by his wife Eliza- 
beth daughter of Nicholas Danforth, of Framingham, co. Suffolk and Cam- 
bridge, Mass., whom he married Oct. 1, 1639, were as follows : — 

i. Elizabeth,^ b. Aug. 17, 1640 ; m. Pyam Blowers, March 31, 1668. 
ii. Jemima,^ b. April 5, 1642 ; m. Joseph Sill, Dec. 5, 1660. 
iii. Martha,^ b. July 26, 1644 ; m. Jona. Remington, July 13, 1664. 
iv. Mary,'^ m. Joseph Rusell, June 23, 1662. 
2. v. Andrew,^ b. Jan. 1, 1647-8. 

vi. Ann,2 b. Jan. 1, 1649-50 ; m. Samuel Ballard, May 1, 1678. 
Vol. XXVII. 22 

240 Tlie Belcher Family. [July, 

There seems some doubt as to " Here lyeth burried 

the date of Andrew Belcher's death. Y^ body of Elizabeth 

IIakiiis says that his grave at Cam- Belcher, who was 

bridge is desis^nated only by a foot- . . ^. -c c 

stoni, marked "A. B.," 'placed beside ^""^"'^y *^« ^'^^ "^ 

that of his wife. Her tomb-stone is Andrew Belcher late 

inscribed as follows. ^ of Cambridg deceased 

We are inclined to read it that the , , i. i xi • ^^^ 

., T 1 X xi- 1 J i J who departed this lite 

widow died at the above date, and 

not the husband as Savage gives it; June y« 26, 1680 

but our readers can judge : ^tatis sua 62." 


2. Andrevt' Belcher, only son, was of Cambridge, but married at Hart- 
ford, and there had some of his children born. His wife, whom he 
married July 1, 1670, was Sarah, daughter of Jonathan Gilbert,* 
marshal of that colony. Their children were : — 

Andrew,^ d. unmarried. 

Sarah ,=^ m. first, Joseph Lynde, of Charlestown ; second, John Foye, of Boston. 
Elizabeth,^ b. Jan. 12, 1678; m. Daniel Oliver. 
Mary,^ b. March 7, 1680; m. George Vaughan, of Portsmouth. 
3. Jonathan,^' b. Jan. 8, 1682. 

Ann,=' b. March 30, 1684 ; m. Oliver Noyes. 
Martha,^ b. March 29, 1686. 

This Andrew'' was a member of the council from 1702 to 1717, and as 
Eliot says, " was the most opulent merchant in the town of Boston, a man 
of integrity and honor, a friend to religion and learning." He died Oct. 31, 
1717; his wife died Jan. 26, 1689. 

In regard to the character of Andrew Belcher, Jr., we will here add the 
testimony given by his son Gov. Jonathan B., in the letter already printed 
in the Register, xxiv. 19, 20. 

Extracts from a Letter from Gov, Belcher to 3Ir. Prince. ] 


^ ^ ^ * What you desire respecting my deceas'd Father* and myself is 

a difficult Task and I know not when I shall be able to undertake it. For 
altho' this be a little Governm* yet it calls for much attention and attend- 
ance for the King's honour and for seeking the good and Welfare of the 
People and my Large Correspondence to N. England and larger than here- 
tofore to great Britain keeps me In full Imploye. These things notwith- 
standino- If you would tell me your Design and State any Questions to me 
I would Indeavour to answer them. My Father was as great a Genius as 
his Countrey could boast of but wanted an Education to Imi^rove and polish 
it. (Gov. Dudley) who was a good Judge used to say M' Comissary Belcher 
would make a good Minister of State to any Prince in Europe Especially 
in the Article of Finances. His late Farewell and Blessing of me show'd 
his strong thoughts and great modesty. Its fresh in my Memory and will 
be till the Frost of Age seals up that Faculty he called me to his Bedside 
took me by the hand and said — Son you may expect me to bless you in a 
better manner and style than I am able to do for God did not put it into 

* It will be noted that Andrew married Sarah Gilbert in 1670; in 1078 his sister- Ann 
married Samuel Ballard ; and iu 1689 Belcher's brother-in-law married Ballard's daughter 
by a firbt wife. 

1873.] The Belcher Family, 241 

your Grand Fathers power to give me the Education he Inabled me to 
give you, but remember my Last Words to you are — May the Blessing of 
the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jaeoh rest upon 
you and your seed for Ever, Amen. Farewell. 

Neither the Patriarchs nor Apostles couhl have done it better. Just as 
he was Expiring the Blanket was offensive to His Face so he rais'd himself 
a little from his Pillow and Said to the Late Madam Sewall who watcht 
with him give me the sheet for it is my winding Sheet then he unroll'd his 
arms in it and said I will lay me down and dye in Peace and expir'd in a 

I should not have Troubled you with this Ace*' but as it may make some 
Little part of an Answer to what you have desired. * * * * * 

I thank you for the Sermon preacht upon the death of my Late dear and 
Excellent Sister* which has given me much pleasure in read". * * * * 

Rev** and Worthy Sir 

Very much your Friend and servant 
Burlington, J. BtLCnER. 

June 7, 1748. 

Mr. Prince. 

(By Mr. Brandon.) 


3 Jonathan' Belcher was i^jraduated at Harvard Collcire in 1699. lie 
travelled abroad for many years, became a merchant in Boston, and 
was soon conspicuous in political life. He was a member of the 
council, 1722-23, 172G-27, and in 1728 was sent as agent to P^ngland. 
He was commissioned Governor of Massachusetts Jan. 8, 1729-30, 
and arrived here 10th Aui^ust followinij. He held office for eleven 
years, but of course became unpopular, and was succeeded by 
William Shirley, JMay 16, 1741. Hutchinson gives many interesting 
facts in regard to Gov. Belcher, and shows that he was the victim of 
a political intrigue. In 1747 he was made Governor of New-Jersey, 
an office which he filled till his death, Aug. 31, 1757. His successor 
there was Francis Bernard, who, three years later, also became 
Governor of Massachusetts. 
Gov. Jonathan' Belcher married, first, Mary, dau. of Lt. Gov. William 
Partridge, of New-Hampshire, and had : 

4. Andrew,* b. Nov. 17, 1706. 

Sai-ah,'^ b. April 22, 1708 ; m. Byfield Lyde, Aug. 17, 1727. 

5. Jonathan,* b. July 23, 1710. 
William,* b. Apri'l 12, 1712. 
Thomas,* b. May 13, 1713. 

His wife d. Oct. 6, 1 736, and he married Sept. 9, 1748, Mary-Louisa-Emilia 
Teal, at Burlington, N. J., who survived him, but by whom he had 
no issue. 


4. Andrew^ Belcher, oldest son of the Governor, lived at Milton. 
Eliot says of him : " He possessed a handsome property without much 

* Martha Belcher, sister of Gov. Belcher, was horn March 29, 168G. She married An- 
thony Stoddard, Esq. See Stoddard FamiUj, ed. 1849, p. 5, and ed. 1865, p. 3. She died 
Feb. 11, 1747-8. Rev. Mr. Prince preached a sermon on the sabbath after her funeral, 
which was printed in 1748. 

242 TJie Belcher Family. [July, 

patriotick zeal or literary taste." lie was of Harv. Coll. 1724, 
member of the council 17G5-7, and died in Milton, Jan. 24, 1771. 

His wife, who survived him, was . 

He was, I presume, Register of Probate in Suffolk county, 1739 

5. Jonathan'* Belcher, the second son of the Governor, H. C. 1728, 

studied the law, and was one of the early settlers at Chebucto, now 
Halifax. He was Chief Justice and Lieut. Governor of Nova Scotia. 
Eliot says of him : " He was a man of excellent habits, prudent, up- 
right, of great political integrity. His prejudices were much in favor 
of New-England." 

He married (see Giles Memorial, p. 263.-4), April 8, 1756, at King's 
Chapel, I3oston, Abigail, dau. of Jeremiah Allen. Their children, 
all born in Halifax, were : — 

Jonathan,* b. Jan. 22, 1757; d. Aug. 26, 1757. 
Gilbert- Jonathan,^ b. May 17, 1759 ; d. Aug. 31, 1763. 
Mary-Emilia-Elizabeth, ^ b. June 3, 1760; m. Dr. rhomas-Lindall Jennison, 

and left issue. 
Abigail,^ b. Nov. 12, 1761 ; d. Sept. 6, 1766. 

6. Andrew,^ b. July 22, 1763. 

Jonathan,^ b. Aug. 14, 1765 ; d. June 29, 1772. 
William- Jeremiah,^ b. May 7, 1770; d. May 8, 1770. 

He died March 29, 1776, and was fortunately spared the necessity of 
choosing between his native country and that of his adoption. 


6. Andrew* Belcher, only representative of the name in the male line, 

was a member of the council of Nova Scotia. He married Marianne, 
dau. of Friedrich William von Geyer, of Boston, and had : — 

7. i. Alexander-Brymer,^ b. June 22, 1794. 

ii. Marianne-Margaretta-Vesey,<= b. April 29, 1796 ; d. Feb. 4, 1812. 

iii. Friedrich- William, 6 b. July 12, 1797; d. Aug., 1833. 

8. iv. Edward,^ b. Feb. 27, 1799. 

9. V. Andrew-Herbert,^ b. Feb. 19, 1804. 

vi. Catherine,^ b. May 9, 1806 ; m. Charles Marryatt, M.P., and had, among 
other children, the late well-known author, Capt. Frederick Marryatt. 

vii. George-Berkeley,^ b. June 16, 1807 ; d. unm. Sept. 10, 1860. 

viii. John-Douglas,^ b. ; d. young. 

ix. Emily-Murray,^ b. Nov. 20, 1808 ;'m. Rev. Henry-Andrew St. John, 
and d. 1835, leaving issue. 

X. Eleanor,^ b. March 2, 1813 ; m. first, Rev, W. Cogswell, and had issue ; 
and second, Ma;jor John-Claridge Burmester. 

xi. Charlotte-Frances- Wentworth,^ b. ; d. young. 

Andrew* Belcher died at Boulogne, Nov. 17, 1841. 


7. Alexander-Brymer^ Belciier, of Rochampton, married Maria, dau. 

of Joseph Alcock, Esq., of Putney, and had : — 

(10) i. Brymer,7 b. Nov. 13, 1819. 

ii. Frederick-Joseph,^ b. Aug. 19, 1821 ; of the 66th foot; d. unm. Aug. 

28, 1811. 
iii. Maria,^ b. 1813. vi. Adelaide,^ 

iv. llelen-Jnne,^ d. youno^. vii. Jenet,'^ d. young. 

V. Marietta-Louisa,*^ b. 1826. viii. Henrietta,^ b. 1832. 

Alexander-Brymer' Belcher, d. Feb. 8, 1848. 


The Bekhcr Family, 





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244 The Belcher Family, [July, 

8. Sir Edward* Belcher, K. C. B., Rear- Admiral H. N., &c., a well- 

known naval officer, whose services in every quarter of the world will 
be found recorded in the journals of the time, married in 1830 Diana 

9. Rev. Andrew-Herbert* Belcher, m. in 1829, Julia, dau. of Ralph 

Wilson, of Islip, and had : — • 
i. Andrew-Holmes,^ b. 1830. 
He died Nov. 20, 1829. 

seventh generation. 

(10.) Rev. Brtmer'' Belcher, M. A., of Wadham Coll., Oxford, and In- 
cumbent of St. Gabriel's, Pimlico, married first, June 7th, 1849, 
Clara-Catherine, dau. of John Mullins Sandham, Esq., and had : — 

i. Augustus-Brymer,^ b. ; d. 1851. 

ii. Andrew-Brymer,^ b. ; d. 1856. 

iii. Gilbert-Ed ward, 8 b. July 9, 1854. 

iv. Mary-Catherine, 8 b. April 30, 1850. 

V. Catherine-Brymer,^ b. March 19, 1857. 

His wife died March 26, 1857, and he m. second, July 27, 1858, Mary, 

dau. of James Townson, Esq., of Jamaica, and has : — 

vi. Mabel-Dorothy ,8 b. July 1, 1859. 
vii. Hugh-\Valter,8 b. July 7, 1860. 
viii. Edmund-Charles,8 b. May 12, 1862. 


We give on the preceding page the English pedigree referred to at the 
commencement of this article. 


It is to be remembered that though this family can be traced so clearly, 
there were various other Belchers here, not connected with Andrew, so 
far as we know. Savage enumerates Edward, of Boston, 1631 ; Gregory, 
of Boston, whose son was buried in the Granary, April 3, 1683, aged 52 ; 
Jeremy, of Ipswich ; all of whom seem to have left numerous descendants. 


As to the arms of the family it is shown in the Heraldic Journal, ii. 62, 
that the governor's father, he himself, and his son, all used the coat of the 
Belchers of Gilsboro', co. Northampton, viz. : " Or, three pales gules, a 
chief vaire. Crest, a grey hound's head ermine, gorged with a- collar gules, 
rimmed and ringed or." 

It may be worth noticing that heraldically the arms of the United States, 
viz. : " paly of thirteen argent and gules, a chief azure," bear a stronger 
resemblance to the arms of Belcher than they do to those of Washington. 
The colors indeed are different and the number of pales is doubled. Yet the 
principle of the two coats is identical. The Washington arms are as differ- 
ent as possible, having no chief, and having bars instead of pales, i. e. hori- 
zontal stripes instead of perpendicular ones. Although our national flag 
may be founded on the Washington coat of arms, it is certain that our na- 

1873.] The Belcher Family. 245 

tional seal is not ; for as the difTerence between a bar and a pale is one of 
tho greatest possible in simple shields, any such change destroys the identity 
of coats. 


In regard to the Geyer or Von Geyer fiimily the following notes may be 
of interest. The first of the name was a late emigrant hither, and the tra- 
dition is tliat he was of a good family in Germany. The record stands as 
follows : — 

Frederick W. Geyer, m. Susanna Ingraham, April 30, 17C7 ; she d. Sept. 
25, 1790, and had : 

i. ThomnH, d. 1800. 

ii. John J., d. Dec. 18, 1808. 

iii. Mary Ann, m. Sept. 7, 1792, Andrew Belcher, and had issue. 

iv. Ciiiirlotte, m. Deo. 17, 1789, Juscj)!! Marryatt, and had : Maria, Char- 
lotte, .Joseph, Frederick, Charles, Fanny, Ellen, Ceorge, Horace and 

V. Catherine, m. July 8, 1802, Nathaniel Tucker, and had : Charlotte M., ni. 
(«eo. W. Sumner; Marion B., m. Kud()l|)h Cieyer ; Nathaniel A., m. 
Maria Demini; ; Catherine G., m. James J. Cutler; Anna A., m. 
Henry A. (Jreen; Nathaniel A., d. unmarried. 

vi. Fre(I(>riek W., m. Jan. 1,^, 1793, llehecca Frazier, and had : Elizal>eth ; 
Kodolph, m. Mary H. Tucker, his cousin ; Frederick \V., d. young. 

vii. Susan (i., d. Marcii 7, 1802. 

yiii. Mary, m. Fet). 13, 1791, Kufus G. Amory, and had : Rufup G. ; Ann 
G., m. Dr. John JellVics ; Catlierine, m. Lewis Cunningham ; Supan 
G., m. Wm. Freeman ; Adeline, m. Linzee Cunningham ; Charlotte M. 

On the pedigree are the following notes by Dale, I presume, referring to 
Kobort lu'lchcr, the first name on the tree: 

P^ '' Qu. If not 2^ brother to William Belcher, of Gillesborough, in 
Com. North'ton, married Christiana ^V and h"" of Tho. Dabridgcourt, of 
Longdon Hall, in Com. Warr. Died .') Apr. 1G()9." 

2*^. " Qu. H" not 2'* son to Will Indcher, of Guilsborough who married 

Eliz. d*" and h"" to Tho : Rainds and ^Margaret, d"" of Kinnersley, of 


3*^. " Let Mr. John Belcher, now of Danbury, set down his father and 
grandfather's name and places of residence, with their matches and issue as 
far as he can remember, and also whether they have any Coat of Arms, and 
whaf as well as he can describe it, but s}iecially let him punctually enume- 
rate how the relation stands between him and the present Mr. Andrew 
Belcher, of New-England, in point of descent. Also if the family have 
been of any continuance at Danbury ; an extract of all their marriages, 
christnings and burials will be acceptable and of use in the further settle- 
ment of this affair." 

Historical Relics in Trenton, N. J. — It is stated that amons: the 

1... . • -r 

historical relics preserved in the state arsenal in Trenton, New-Jersey, are 
two cannons captured at the battle of Saratoga during the revolution, and 
five guns captured at the battle of Trenton in 1776, bearing the names of 
the Tower of London and Dublin Castle. There are also a flint musket 
presented by^ Lafixyette to the American congress, the colors of the various 
New-Jersey regiments, and several flags captured during the late civil war. 

24G Letters of Dr. FranMin and others, [July, 


At a meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, held [March 2, 
1872, Benjamin A. G. Fuller, Esq., of Boston, presented the following letters 
and papers, and also made an interesting statement of their history, which we 
here insert as introductory. 

Mr. President : — Certain original letters and other papers, which 
possess a historic interest and value as connected with that illustrious 
philosopher and statesman, Benjamin Franklin, have come into my hands 
from certain descendants of Josiah Flagg, late of Lancaster, Mass., with a 
view to their better preservation in the archives of some fitting institution, 
and I am happy to be the medium of their presentation to this society. 

These documents consist of — 

1st. An original letter from Dr. Franklin to his sister, Mrs. Jane Mecom, 
dated Philadelphia, May 2, 1786. 

2d. A manuscript certificate of Dr. Franklin, dated Sept. 4, 1786, as to 
the character and ability of Josiah Flagg. 

3d. Extracts from certain letters of Dr. Franklin, copied from the originals 
by the said Josiah Flagg. 

4th. A letter from Dr. Franklin's sister, Mrs. Jane Mecom, to her 
grandson, Josiah Flagg, dated July 21, 1786. 

5th. A letter from said Josiah to his grandmother, Mrs Mecom, dated 
August 23, 1783. 

6th. A letter from said Josiah to his cousin, Miss Jane Mecom, dated 
Petersburg, Va., March 18, 1786. 

7th. A letter from Richard Bache to Mrs. Mecom, dated April 19, 1790, 
announcino; to her the death of her brother, Dr. Franklin. 

8th. A memorandum, or record-book, written by Mrs. Mecom, containing 
certain family records, styled by her a " Book of Ages ;" and also con- 
taining certain other memoranda made by the aforesaid Josiah Flagg. 

In presenting these papers, it has seemed to me proper — and I trust it 
may not be wholly without interest — that I should refer briefly to the 
genealogical history of Josiah Flagg, and add such thoughts in connection 
with the papers as may be suggested by them ; and in this I am encouraged 
by the kindness and favor of the chairman of your committee. 

The Flagg, or " Flegg," family w ere among the early settlers of New 
England, Thomas Flegg having left Scratby, hundred of East Flegg, co. 
Norfolk, in 1637, and embarked in company with Sir Richard Carver, 
from Yarmouth for this country. He settled in Watertown, and was for 
nine years one of the selectmen of that town. He had eleven children and 
numerous descendants. From him (as his grandson), it is believed, de- 
scended John Flagg, of Boston, born May 25, 1673, and who died in 1732, 
as his will was proved Dec. 19th of that year. Among his children, wer^ 
Ebenezer, Gershom and Eleazer. In his will he declares : " I give to my 
son Ebenezer my negro boy named Pompey forever y This was Ebenezer's 
sole inheritance ; yet, with Pompey alone, he seems to have made some 
headway in the world, as he afterward married Mary, the daughter of 
Gov. Richard "Ward, and sister of Gov. Samuel Ward, of R. I. ; and his 

1873.] LcUers of Dr. Franldin and oilier s. 247 

oldest son (Henry Collins) married the widow of Washinp^ton Allston's 
father. Whether his father's bequest of the boy Pompey " forever " still 
holds good, I am unable to state. 

Gershom was the executor of his father's will, and came into possession 
and owiiershij) of the homestead, which was situate upon the spot now 
occupied by the American House, on Hanover St., which his father had 
purchased, in 1717, of Samuel, son of John Yickers. 

FJeazer was an innkeeper, and his son William^ born July 10, 1732, was 
married to Sarah M(3Com, daughter of Edward and Jane (Franklin) Mecom, 
2Lm\ Josiah Flagrj, born Nov. 12, 17G0, was their only son. As appears 
from these papers, he was, for a time, in Dr. Franklin's employ. He was 
evidently a man of education and ability, and, notwithstanding the loss of a 
leg in early life, of activity and enterprise. To him was given, '' unasked," 
the certificate of commendation by Dr. Franklin. His latter days were 
spent in Lancaster, Mass. 

Jane FUujy^ his sister, was married to Elihu Greene, brother of Gen. 
Nathaniel (ireene, of R. I., an allusion to whose death will be found in the 
letter of ]Mrs. INIecom to her grandson. 

Among the descendants of Gershom (who was a man of note), is the 
distinguished and venerable Dr. Jacob liigelow, of lioston. 

Permit me, now, briefly to call your attention to the documents which 
(owing to the circumstance that I trace my own genealogy from Gershom, 
the brother of Eleazer Flagg) I am enabled to lay before you. 

The letter of Dr. Franklin, though short and simple, is characteristic of 
its author, and speaks for itself. 

The addendum to the certificate (which in itself is a model for like recom- 
mendations) shows most fully the real value which he desired should be 
attached to his words, and that it was not to be construed as formal and 
.meaningless, as is the case with many jiapers of similar import. 

The co})ies of extracts from Franklin's letters are in the hand-writing of 
Josiali Flagg, and are unquestionably authentic. I am not aware that the 
letters have ever been published, and these, therefore, add something to the 
alreadv known savinsjs, or writino-s, of their author. 

In one of them is exhibited the strict and lofty sense of honor and justice 
by which Dr. Franldin was governed, while the other may strike us as 
somewhat remarkable, in that we find him, who had begun life in poverty, 
and passed it in constant exertions, amidst labors and toils, revolutionary 
struggles and anxieties, as he draws near its close declaring that '* the jiain 
he sutlers is but a trifle when compared with the long life of health and 
ease" which he has enjoyed, and regarding this " pain" as the " something" 
designed to make him willing to leave this world when called to do so, and 
to make the parting not "grievous," but joyous. 

Does not this brief extract from a letter to his sister prove his claim to 
the title of philosopher quite as fully as his public and more elaborate 
writings ? May it not also contribute to correct the somewhat erroneous 
impression entertained as to his religious views ? 

The letter of Mrs. Mecom was written to her grandson, Josiah Flagg, 
while he was in the employ of Dr. Franklin (as appears by a comparison of 
dates), and when she was 74 years of age. Though the lack of early 
education may be seen, yet the vigor of mind and strictness of discipline 
which marked the character of the brother, may be readily discovered in 
this letter, which evidently was written in reply to one in which the young 
Josiah of 'lo years of age had given his aged grandmother to understand 

248 Letters of Dr. FrauMln and others. [Ju^J; 

that he had broken away from the apron strings, and that advice unasked 
is not always welcome (however certificates of character " unasked " may 
have been). From this letter, we also learn tliat Josiah Flagg had lost a 
leg, as had also Mr. Pratt, the lawyer, who was none the " less respected " 
by reason thereof. 

There are many points of interest in the letter itself, and as being nearly a 
century old, and written by a sister of Dr. Franklin, it posseses additional 
interest and value.^ 

Josiah Flagg's letter to his grandmother, in 1783, is interesting as 
relating to Dr. Franklin's return from France to America, and also as 
expressive of the feelings of the people at the close of the Revolution, in 
regard to the necessities of the times and the needs of the infant country. 

The letter from Petersburg, Va., written by Josiah Flagg to his cousin 
Jane, gives us an idea of that locality about a century ago, and passes 
judgment upon the state of society as then existing. It is sprightly and 
jocose. It will be observed that the celebration of Washington's birth- 
day occurred on the 11th of February, the " old style" date, and not the 22d. 

Mr. Bache's letter, announcing the death of Dr. Franklin to Mrs Mecom, 
is dated April 19, 1790, two days after the event occurred, and was enclosed 
to some friend, who was to break the sad intelligence to her in such manner 
as to render the shock less severe. The writer, Richard Bache, married 
Dr. Franklin's daughter in 1767, and was the grandfather of the late 
Professor A. D. Bache. 

To us of this day, it is difficult to realize that Benjamin Franklin, illus- 
trious as he was throughout the civilized world, and who first made the 
lightning to do his bidding, could have died in the city of Philadelphia, on 
the 17th of April, and that the announcement thereof to his sister should 
have been conveyed through a letter written upon the 19th (probably in 
season for the first mail), which must have reached Boston some days after, 
by the slow course of the post. 

Such an event happening in our time, would, of course, — and through 
his discoveries, as applied and perfected, — be heralded throughout the 
length and breadth of the land, and made known to all civilized people 
upon the earth, in almost an instant after its occurrence. 

The memorandum-book, or " book of ages," contains a record of the 
date of her own and her husband's birth, as also that of their children, 
together with other statements, written by Mrs. Mecom, and among them 
the record of the dates of the deaths of the father and mother of herself and 
Dr. Franklin. 

From this, it also appears that Jane Franklin was married when she 
was but fifteen years of age, — which fact may account for any lack of 
education evinced in her letter. 

This book also contains certain memoranda made by Josiah Flagg, but it 
may be well to remark that his suggestions as to his ancestry are not 
corroborated in all respects by genealogical data, and that the arrival of 
his ancestors in this country was probably much more remote than 1700, 
as mentioned by him. 

He, however, records a statement in relation to his father's death being 

* It also appears, from a published letter of Dr. F. to Mrs. Mecom, that she was some- 
what sensitive as to her spcllinfr, and her brother very kindly assures her that it is rather 
the fault of the language than her own, as he says, in a published letter dated July -1, 1786: 
I* You need not be concerned, in writin*? to me, about your bad spelling; for, in my opin- 
ion, the bad spelling, or what is cjilled so, is generally the best, as conforming to the sound 
of the letters and of the words," &c. &c.— (Sargent's Life and Select Works, p. 483.) 

1873.] Letters of Dr. Franldln and others. 249 

occasioned by poison administered by a British surgeon, who despoiled the 
house afterward, — and while Boston was in possession of the British Army 
in 1775, — which, if true, is an interesting incident in the history of those 
days, and reflects little credit upon our motlier country, and should consign 
to utter infamy the name of the Dr. Spencer to whom the act is attributed. 

These papf.'rs, I do not doubt, will be regarded as valuable, and worthy of 
a place in the archives of the society, by the side of the many rare and 
choice documents, already in the possession of this useful and honored 
institution, and I am happy to have it in my power to offer them for your 

Allow me also to add that, at some future time, I shall prepare a sketch 
of the life of Gershom Flagg, the brother of Eleazer, with a view of lay- 
ing it b(;fore the society ; l)ut at })rcsent I will only mention a fact suggest- 
ed to me by the article in the number of the Kegister for January, 1872, 
relating to the "Bromfield family," — in a note to which the mansion of 
Henry Bromfield, in Harvard, Mass., is described. 

If this Gershom was not himself the architect and builder of that man- 
sion, as I am led to believe was the fact, he was at one time the owner and 
occupant thereof, and j^i'obably it was purchased of him by Mr. Bromfield 
in 17G5. 

[dr. franklin.] 

Philad^, May 2, 1786. 
Dear Sister 

I wrote to you lately by a Vessel, and sent you two volumes of 
my Papers that they have printed in London. In one of them you will 
find the new Alphabet you desired. Your Grandson Flagg is now with 
me. I give him some present Employment in AVriting for me. He presents 
his Duty. Temple is busy in establishing his Farm that which was formerly 
his Father's near Amocus. He seems seriously intent ui)on a Country Life, 
which I much approve, as being the most independent, the most useful and 
therefore the most honourable of all our Employments. The rest of us 
are well and join in Love to you and yours. 

I should write to Cousin Jonathan but that I am told he is coming here. 
My love to that Family and believe me ever 

Your affectionate Brother, 

B. Franklin. 
[Superscribed :] 

To M". Mecom. 

To the care of M'. Jon". TTilliams, Merch*. 
Pr favour of ) Boston. 

IMr. Vaughan. ) 


This is to certify whom it may concern, that Josiah Flagg has lived with 
me near Five IMonths, being employ'd as a Clerk and Accountant, and has 
behav'd in his Employment with great Ability, Diligence and Fidelity, so 
as to give me perfect Satisfaction. 

Philadelphia, Sept. 4, 1786. 
B. Franklin. 
This Testimony is given unask'd. 

250 Letters of Dr. FranJclin and others, [J^^J; 

[extracts from: letters, written by dr. franklin to his sister 


" I have not shown any backwardness to assist him [Bennie] where it 
could be done without injuring another ; but if my friends require of me 
to gratify, not only their inclinations but their Resentments, they expect too 
much of me. Dear Sister your truly affectionate Brother, 

B. Franklin." 

Philadelphia, July 1, 1789. 
" As to the Pain I suffer, about which you make yourself so unhappy, it 
is, when compared with the long life I have enjoyed of Health and Ease, but 
a Trifle. 

" And it is right that we should meet with something to wean us from 
this World and make us willing when called to leave it ; 
Otherwise the parting would indeed be grievous. 

I am ever 

Your affec* Brother B. F. 

[mRS. jane MECOM.] 

Dear Grand Son Boston, July 21^', 1786. 

I have rec^ y"^ Long leter & read it many times & never without 
Tears, by which you may see that I am not without Affectionat feelings to- 
wards you, but I have always made it my Practice in my conduct towards 
my first children to Reprore & advise where it apeared to me to be Nese- 
sary, and I still Presist in the belief of its being Proper & usefull, for which 
I could bring many Instances but there are two very Striking in Scripture 
of the Utility of Giveing Advice without asking, won of Joseph to Pharoh 
in Egept, the other of Jepthrow to His Son in Law Moses in the Wilder- 
nes, and I hope what I wrot to you has not been of any Reale Prejudice 
to you ; you may Asure your self it Proceeded from a Sincear Desier of 
your best Good & shall always Rejoyce at what ever turns out to your 
comfort or Adrantage. 

I much Aprove of y"" conduct in not makeing Acquaintance while you 
Remain in that Famely your Reasons are very juditious if you can but 
look on the Time you Spend in that Retiered maner as a Scool in which 
you are to Acquire Expearance and Judgment to govern your future Life it 
will Pass with Less Reluctance, may you go on and hold out in the Prin- 
ciples you Apear now to Act from and God Bless you & Prosper you. 

by no meenes Suffer your Self to Dispond & Perticularly on acount of 
the Loss of yr Leg, was mr Pratt the Lawyer Ever Respected the Less 
by Sensable People for the Loss of His. 

for the quieting your mind in that Respect I would Advise you to 
Read The first Sec. of D"". Price's Dessertations on Provcdence, my Brother's 
Liberary will firnish you with it I dont doubt if not try to borrow it, it will 
be a usefull Subject for your Reflection in your Leasure Hours, He thinks 
Fuery Person Injoys more happyness than Adversity therefore take your 
Share and be content. 

I acknolidg what I wrot concerning Verasity had Such an apearance as 
you supose, but could not convenantly Alter the Terms at that time I own 
I had no other cause than tlie Request you then made me which besides its 
not being agreable to my Judgment was then out of my Power to comply 
witli for I had allreddy wrot concerning it, but now all is well & I hope 
you will Try for the Future if you can honestly write Affectionat as well 
as DutifuU Grandson. 

1873.] Letters of Dr, Franklin and others, 251 

the two Leters I have rec** from you since the Long won I am much 
Pleasd with & Perticularly that in yr Uncles new mode of Spelling I shall 
Like to have you cultivate that method of writing to me in Perticular as I 
can Read it Perfectly but am not proficient anouf to atempt to write it. 

jT Aunt & Jenny mecom boath write to you now & so I thought 
they did when I Last wrot which was the Reason I made no mention of 
them in mine. 

Remember me AfFectionatly to m' & m""" Bache & all the Children & to 
Jenny's Sister Smith. I am & Euer was y' affectionate Grandmother 

Jane Mecom:. 

I Lately heard from your Brother 

& the children they were well 

but have recived a Severe Stroak 

of Providence in the Death of His 

Brother Gen'^ Greene. 
[Superscription :] 

Josiah Flagg. 


Lancaster, Aug: 23^, 1783. 
HoN'^: Grandma! 

I am at present enjoying a Good state of health which I desire 
to thank God for, we frail mortals dont prize that Inestimable Blessing nor 
indeed know how to value it unless we are deprived of it, — The times are 
very hard 'tis true, w^e must study Oeconomy ; those foreign Luxuries which 
serve only for Dissipation must not be Introduced, Nor Incourag'd in our 
Infant Country, as a Rising Empire depends entirely upon the Frugality 
and Industry of its Inhabitants to add Splendor and popularity to the after 

I see in Worcester Newspaper of the 18*^ Instant, under the New York 
Head, " That D'. Franklin having seen his successor installed in his diplo- 
matick functions is preparing to Return to America. As he Cannot bear 
the fatigue of a carriage, he will embark at Seine, which runs before his 
house at Passy, and Go to Rouen, and from thence to Havre, where the 
Ship is getting Ready that is to carry him to America. 

God prosper the venerable Sage in giving him an agreable Voyage, and 
an opportunity of Congratulating with his Citizens and friends. 

He is the Philosopher, who has laid firm the Basis of American Glory, 
the Superstructure will not be compleatly polished while he is on the Stage. 

I cant say when I shall be in town but e'er Long I hope — Give my Love 
to Aunt Cottar Cousin Jenny Uncle Cottar has not arived I suppose. 

I am your Dutifull Grandson 
[Superscription :] M". Jane Mecom, Josiah Flagg. 


At Jonathan Williams, Esq., 

near the Draw Bridge, fore street. 

[josiah flagg.] 

Petersburg [Va.], March 14*% 1786. 
Dear Coz. 
j This is the most dirty place I ever saw. Nine months of the year 

' the mud is half leg deep, it is a very Sickly place owing in a great measure 
Vol. XXVII. 23 

252 Letters of Dr. Fraiiklin and others, [July, 

to its Situation, the Streets are very Irregular, and not a Respectable 
Building in the Borough, it stands upon the River Appomattox, the water 
thereof is almost Stagnant as it is navigable for ships of 500 Tons one hun- 
dred and twenty miles, the Vapours arising from it contaminate the air, 
with the most pestilential disorders. Agues, and fevers of Every kind 

What is the Reason that so many merchants are induced to Establish 
Houses there and sacrifice their Health? why their own private emolu- 
ment. As it is in the heart of a rich Countrey, where Remittances may be 
easily made to their Corres})ondents. The soil is peculiar to the Culture 
of Tobacco Rice Corn &c. &c. which are staple Commodities. The Vir- 
ginians as a people are given to Luxury and Dissipation of every kind, and 
are supported in their Extravagance %j Afric's sable sons, who they con- 
sign to the most Abject Slavery. 

A Young Lady is not valu'd here for her Accomplishments or personal 
Charms, but for the number of Negroes and plantations she possesses, so 
that merit is out of the Question. I have not seen a handsome figure since 
I have been in the place, nor indeed one whose Rusticity is wholly Oblitera- 
ted. As to the Language, they have as many barbarisms as our most 
Countryfied market Girls. I expect when I come to Boston to have the 
pleasure of seeing you connected in the Hymeneal Band with some Gentle- 
man of merit. — 0, how does M"". What d'ye call him do, that pretty little 
Lord who pleasured us with his company one Sunday Ev'ning at Grandma's. 
I began to think from his Ogles and manovres, he intended to make a 
Conquest — What is the bon ton with you, we have plays. Routs, Balls, and 
Balloons in plenty here, and Fashions that I'm almost scar'd out of my 

The 1 1*^ of Last month was celebrated here the birth of our Late Elus- 
trious General Washington, at 1 O Clock 13 Cannon were Discharg'd, and 
an Elegant dinner provided by the Gentlemen of the Corporation, patriotic 
Toasts were Drank Bacchus was triumphant and his Cheeks I think look'd 
more Rosy and plump than ever. The enebriated God was profuse with 
bis Gifts, to some he gave a certain Volubility of Tongue and Copiousness 
of Expression, which were scarcely ever heard to say Boh to a Goose, and 
those that were Remarkably facetious become Mum Chance, and to others 
he would Administer his soporific Cordial that luU'd them to Rest for a 
time. — You'll be tir'd of my nonsense and must wind off by adding that I 
am your Affectionate Cousin and 

Unfeigned friend 
P. S. J. Flagg. 

[ ] Love to Uncle Cottes 

There — my candle is out. 

[Superscription:] Miss Jane Mecom^ 



Philadelphia, April 19"^ 1790. 
Dear & Hon'^. Madam 

My duty calls upon me to make you acquainted with an evoin 
which I know will be a sore affliction to your affectionate Breast. And !< si 
the news should reach you and be communicated to you in an abrupt mannei 
& that your tender feelings might still be more wounded, I have thought ii 
best to enclose these few lines to a friend, who I hope will first prepare you tb] 

1873.] Letters of Dr, Franldin and others, 253 

the shock. — Amidst the affliction of a distressed Family, I am hardly connected 
enough to offer any consolation, — my condolence at present must suffice — 
And my dear Madam I do most sincerely condole with you on the loss of so 
excellent a friend & Brother — I have not time at present to add more, than 
that he died on Saturday last at 11 o'clock at night, he had not been long 
very ill, & therefore we had hardly an opportunity of informing you of it ; 
besides we had been in daily expectation of his getting better, — but nature 
was at last worn out. — I beg of you to look upon me as your sincere Friend, 
& as one who will be very happy in rendering you any services in his 
Power. I am 

Dear Madam Your affectionate Kinsman 
[Superscription :] M"*. Mecom, Rich. Bache. 


[book of ages — IN MRS. JANE MECOM'S HAND.] 

Edward Mecom Sen'": Born in Decemb' 170-1 [died September 11, 

Jane Franklin Born on March 27 1712 [died Nov. 1793]. 

Edward Mecom Marryed to Jane Franklin the 27**^ of July 1727. 

Josiah Mecom their first Born on AYednessday June the •! 1729 and Died 
May the 18 1730. 

Edward Mecom Born on Munday the 29 March 1731. 

Benjamin Mecom Born on Fryday the 29 of December 1732. 

Ebenezer Mecom Born on May the 2 1735 on Friday. 

Sarah Mecom Born on Tuesday y*^ 28 June 1737. 

Peter Franklin Mecom Born on y^ Lords day may the 13. 1739. 

John Mecom Born on Tuesday march y^ 31 1741. 

Josiah Mecom Born on friday march y*' 26 1743. 

Jane Mecom Born on Saturday April the 12 1745. 

James Mecom Born on July 31 1746 Died November y^ 30 1746. 

Mary Mecom Born febr^ ye 29 1747-8 died 1753 march 11. 

Abiah Mecom born augst the 1 1751 Died april ye 23 1752. 

Father Franklin Died Jan^ 17 1744 

my Dear mother Died may 8 1752. 

my Eldest Son Ed mecom Died Dec' 7 1758. 

January the 18 1762 this morning Died a worthy & Dutifull Son Eben- 
ezer Mecom. 

June the 12, 1764 Died a beloved & Deservedly Lamented Daugh- 
ter Sarah Flagg. She has Left four children. Jane Mary Josiah & 

Nov. 9 1764 Died under my care my Daughter flaggs youngest child 
ased 17 months. 

March 1765 bigining Died my Daughter Flagg second Daugter Polly 
. a sober Plesant Child. 

Sep"" 11 1765. God sees meet to follow me with Repeeted corrections, 
this morning 3 o'clock Died my husband in a stedy hope of a happy hear 

September 19 1767 at my Nantuckett at the House and under the most 
Affectionat care of my Dear Friend Kezia Coffin Died my Dear & 
Beloved Daughter Polly Mecom. 

The Lord Giveth & the Lord taketh away oh may I never be so Eebel- 
ious as to Refuse Acquesing & saying from my hart Blessed be the Name of 
the Lord. 

254 Rules of Dr, Franldin's Junto, [j^^Jj 

[additions by josiah flagg to the book of ages.] 

According to the best information I can obtain, there were two Brothers, 
Flagg, came over from England, one settled in Boston, the other in Woburn, 
one family sprang from the Boston Stock — those two Brothers must have 
come into this country about the year 1700, one of whom was my Great 
Grandfather, my father William Flagg married Sarah Mecom a Niece of 
the illustrious D'. Benjamin Franklin they had four children Jane, Polly 
Josiah & Sarah, two died in infancy. 

Jane married Elisha Greene of Rhodeisland she died at about the age 
of 24. I was born Nov. 12 1760. and married June 7 1789 to Dolly 
Thurston. Our children were born as follows, viz. 

William— July 29 1790 died at Sea Feb. 7 1806. 

Sally— Nov. 19 1791. 

Dolly— July 25 1793. 

Rebecca — May 8 1795. 

George Washington — 31 Jan^ 1797 died Octo. 17 at Boston 1819. 

Sam^ Ward— Apr. 22 1803. 

My father died in Boston June 1775 when the town was in possession 
of a British army in garrison. The family were then out of Town fled 
with many others into the Country and it was told to me that my father 
came to his death by being poisoned while sick by a surgeon in the British 
Army by the name of Spencer who plundered the house of all its Effects. 

I was left a helpless orphan at the age of fourteen, and during the whole 
Revolution suffered very much. Josiah Flagg. 


The Register is indebted to the Hon. Timothy Farrar for the following letter and 
its interesting enclosure. The Junto or Club referred to was formed by Dr. 
Franklin in Philadelphia in the year 1727, and was composed of men of influence 
and discretion. Many of the public measures of the state of Pennsylvania were 
inaugurated and fashioned at the meetings of this club, but so quietly were its de- 
liberations conducted, that although it existed for thirty years, the nature of its 
constitution was not publicly known. 
The Junto was also the nucleus of the American Philosophical Societ}^ formed in 
1743, of which Dr. Franklin was the first president. Further information con- 
cerning the Junto may be found in Dr. Patterson's Centennial Discourse 
(Proceedings of the Am. Phil. Society, Appendix to No. 27, Vol. 3) ; and in 
bparks's Life of Franklin. 

Dover June 8, 1784. 

I ask your pardon for not sooner attending to your request — my 
apology I own is not of the best sort — it is forgetfulness. I really did not 
recollect my promise till this week and immediately set myself on comply- 
ing with it. 

You have here the Rules for Dr. Franklin's Junto in which good sense 
benevolence and patriotism are fully displayed. I wish we had more 
nurseries of the sort. 

N Adams Fro ^ ^^ ^^^ f ^^^^ ^"°^^° ^^^^* 

JN. Adams J^sq. ^^^^ Belknap. 

[Superscription :] 

Nathaniel Adams, Esq. 

Portsmouth fN. 11.] 

1873.] Rules of Dr. Franldhi's Junto, 255 

Previous Question to be answered at every meeting : 

Have you read over these Queries this morning in order to consider what 
you might have to offer to the Junto touching any one of them ? 

1. Have you met with any tiling in the author you last read, remarkable 
or suitable to be communicated to the Junto, particularly in history, morality, 
poetry, physic, travels, mechanic arts or other parts of knowledge ? 

2. AV^hat new story have you lately heard agreeable for telling in con- 
versation ? 

3. Ilath any Citizen in your knowledge failed in his business lately and 
what have you heard of the Cause ? 

4. Have you lately heard of any Citizen's thriving well and by what 
means ? 

5. Have you lately heard how any present rich man here or elsewhere 
got his Estate ? 

6. Do you know of any fellow-citizen who hath lately done a worthy 
action deserving praise and imitation, or who hath committed an Error 
proper for us to be warned against and avoid ? 

7. What unhappy Effects of intemperance, imprudence, passion, or any 
other vice or folly have you lately observed or heard ? 

8. What happy Effects of temperance, prudence, moderation or any 
other virtue ? 

9. Have you or any of your acquaintance been sick or wounded and 
what remedies were used and with what effect ? 

10. Who do you know that are shortly i^oinjj Voyaixes or Journevs? 

11. Do you think of any thing at present in which the Junto may be 
serviceable to mankind, to their Country, to their friends or to themselves? 

12. Hath any deserving stranger arrived in Town since last meeting? 
what have you heard or observed of his Character and merits ? and whether 
you think it is in the power of the Junto to oblige him or encourage him as 
he deserves ? 

13. Do you know of any deserving young beginner lately set up whom 
it lies in the power of the Junto an}" ways to encourage ? 

14. Have you lately observed any defect in the Laws of your Country of 
which it would be proper to move the Junto for an amendment? or do you 
know of any beneficial Law that is wanting ? 

lo. Have you lately observed any Encroachments on the just Liberties 
of the people ? 

1 G. Hath any body attacked your Reputation lately and what can the 
Junto do toward securing it? 

17. Is there any man whose friendship you want and which the Junto or 
any of them can procure for you ? 

18. 'Have you lately heard any member's Character attacked and how 
have you defended it ? 

19. Hath any man injured you from whom it is in the power of the Junto 
to procure Redress ? 

20. In what manner can the Junto or any of them assist you in any of 
your honourable designs ? 

21. Have you any weighty affair in hand in which the advice of y® Junto 
may be of Service ? 

22. What benefits have you lately received from any Man not present ? 

23. Is there any difficulty in matters of opinion, justice or injustice which 
you would gladly have discussed at this Time ? 

Vol. XXVII. 23* 

256 Burning of Falmouth in 1775. [July, 

24. Do you see any thing amiss in the present Customs or proceedings of 
the Junto which might be amended ? 

Any Person to be qualified, to stand up, lay his hand on his breast and be 

asked these Questions : 

1. Have you any particular disrespect to any Present Members? 

2. Do you sincerely declare that you love mankind in general of what 
profession or religion soever ? 

3. Do you think any person ought to be harmed in his body, name or 
goods for mere speculative opinions or his external way of worship ? 

4. Do you love truth for truth's sake, and will you endeavour impartially 
to find and receive it yourself and communicate it to others ? 


A Paper prepared by Mr. "William Goold, of "Windham, Me., and read at a meeting of 
the Maine Historical Society held in Bath, Feb. 19, 1873. 

Within a few months an article has appeared in the Ameshiry (Mass.) 
Journal on the Sparhawk family of Kittery, by Mr. John G. Whittier. I 
have not seen the article itself, but the following which purports to be an 
extract, has been copied into several papers : 

"In 1775 Capt. Mo watt, of the British war ship Canceau, with three 
other armed vessels, anchored off Portsmouth, under orders to bombard 
and destroy the town. He privately went on shore and entered the spacious 
Sparhawk mansion, at Kittery Point. He became so fascinated with Mary 
Sparhawk that she persuaded him to save the town and sail to Portland, 
then Falmouth, which he laid in ashes." 

I have no knowledge of the authority for this statement.* It probably 
rests upon tradition, but I think it is an error. That there was a Miss 
Mary Hirst Sparhawk, of the age of about twenty years, then living at her 
father the Hon. Nathaniel Sparhawk's splendid mansion at Kittery Point, 
there is no doubt. That she was fascinating, is equally certain ; for history 
says she fascinated Dr. Charles Jarvis, of Boston, and married him. On 
the death of her husband she returned, about the year 1788, to the home of 
her childhood, and died there in 1815. One of her brothers, Wm. Pepper- 
rell Sparhawk, in compliance with the will of his grandfather. Sir William 
Pepperrcll, had succeeded to his house, title, and the most of his large 
estate. By an act of the general court, he dropped the name of Sparhawk, 
and became William (afterward Sir William) Pepperrell. He with all the 
family adhered to the mother-country at the breaking out of the revolution. 

The confiscation act of 1778 swept away all his property except the plate, 
which was very valuable, and which was by that act allowed to be removed. 
Two or three pieces were given to individuals and are still preserved, but 
what remained was considered of such value that Col. Moulton, of York, 
with six soldiers, was ordered to guard its conveyance to Boston for ship- 

* "We Icnrn from Mr. "Whittier that he gave this tradition upon the authority of Brew- 
ster's llambles About Portsmouth, 2d &er., p. 187.--J. "vv. d. 

1873.] Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 257 

ment to its owner in London, whither he had gone in 1775. He died there 
in 181 G, aged 70.' 

It is well known that, during the colonial troubles, the Sparhawk house 
was the rendezvous and hiding-place of most of the chief loyalists of the 
vicinity. Both of my great-grandfathers were Kittery men : one of them 
sent his oldest son to Bunker Hill, and both took the opposite side to the 
Sparhawks. The fame of the tory gatherings at that house has been 
handed down as a family tradition. The fires of hospitality still burn in the 
broad fireplaces of this now restored home of colonial aristocracy. Your 
society and their invited guests will recollect their polite reception at this 
house, on their tour to York and Kittery, in the autumn of 1871. Capt. 
Mowatt, in the British sloop-of-war Canceau, had been on the New-England 
station a year or more, and no doubt had, while patrolling the eastern coast, 
often visited the fine harbor at the mouth of the Piscatacpia ; and as the 
Sparhawk house and its occupants were prominent among the celebrities of 
that aristocratic neighborhood, he had probably often been their welcome 
guest. We can readily imagine him landing from his boat at the stairs at 
the foot of the lawn, where a few years before the elder Sir TVm. Pepper- 
rell had kept his barge, and negro crew in uniform, and entering that loner 
avenue of elms whose stumps we saw, now sad monuments of vandalism. 
The house has been restored in the original style, but the elms cannot be in 
one generation as they were when the British captain, in knee-breeches 
and buckles, laced coat with ruffles at his hands, cocked hat with gold loop 
and button, hurried over that ornamental pavement (yet perfect, althouf^h 
130 years old), to spend an hour with the courtly Miss Mary, while waiting 
for the ebb-tide to take his ship to sea. This was not only a splendid man- 
sion, but, like an eagle perched on a crag watching its prey, from its elevated 
situation he could watch the colonists in their little vessels far at sea. No 
one would better appreciate this scene and its surroundings than Mr. Whit- 
tier, nor is there one who could describe it in more befitting verse.. We 
know that young ladies, of Miss Sparhawk's age and station, often have 

freat influence with men in power. Sacred history tells us of one who, on 
[erod's birth day, danced before him and pleased him so much that at her 
request he gave her the head of the moral censor who had displeased him ; 
but I think there was no hint that Miss Sparhawk practised any blan- 
dishments before the naval commander, only that he became so fascinated 
that at her request he spared the neighboring town, and poured out his 
wrath on poor devoted Falmouth. 

After this long preface, we will examine the authentic history of the 
transactions at Falmouth, during the colonial difficulties, and before the 
burning, which will show that Mowatt had a grudge against tlie town, and 
that Admiral Graves, who commanded the British fleet then blockading 
Boston, had said that if certain things were done, " he would send an armed 
force and beat the town down about their ears." These things were done, 
and no doubt Mowatt was too glad to execute the orders he had solicited 
from the admiral. 

My authorities for this narration of facts, are principally the journals of 
of the two ministers of the town, begun long before and kept through the 
revolution. That of the Rev. Thomas Smith was compiled by Samuel 
Freeman, Esq., in 1821. Mr. Freeman was a native of old Falmouth, and 

^ See an article on the Pepperrell Genealogy by the late Usher Parsons, M.D., in the 
Register, vol. xx. pp. 1 — 6. 

258 Burning of Falmouth in 1775. [July, 

witnessed the commotions until a short time before the bombardment. He 
was elected sole delegate from Falmouth to the provincial congress, and 
was in attendance at its session in Watertown. He held that office, by- 
reelection, three years, during two of which he was secretary of that body. 
His public services well qualified him to compile the journal, and to supply 
those copious notes and explanations which his edition contained. Copies 
of his edition are now very rare. I knoAV of only one perfect copy. It is 
to be regretted that Mr. Willis felt compelled to omit, in his edition, the 
most of the appendix to Mr. Freeman's, which contains his notes and 
explanations. I have a distinct recollection of Mr. Freeman fifty years ago, 
whose venerable figure, in the costume of colonial times, occupied the dea- 
con's seat beneath the high pulpit, and facing the congregation, in the old 
wooden church of the first parish in Portland. He died in 1831, aged 87 

Having given my authorities, I will proceed with my sketch, which I 
think will explain why the town was burned. 

The people of the county of Cumberland, and especially those of 
Falmouth, began early to express indignation at the acts of Parliament 
bearing on the colonies. Soon after the passage of the odious stamp act of 
1765, a vessel arrived at Falmouth from Halifax with the hated stamps, and 
they were deposited in the custom-house. The people immediately assem- 
bled and marched to the custom-house, demanded and received the stamps, 
then fixed them to the top of a pole, carried them in procession through the 
streets, to a fire prepared for the purpose, and burned them. 

In 1774 in a town meeting the citizens "resolved that we will not buy 
nor sell any India tea whatever, after this third day of Feb. until the act 
that lays a duty on it is repealed." There were then 2500 lbs. of tea in the 
bauds of the dealers in town. Another resolve, passed at this meeting, 
acknowledges their obligation to "the people of Boston, for their early 
notice of approaching danger," and for " their intrepid behavior on the 
late tea-ships' arrival, and trust they will still be our watch-tower, and they 
may depend on our utmost endeavors to support them at all times, in 
defence of their rights and liberties." Also, "we rejoice that though 
surrounded by fleets and armies, you yet remain firm and resolute." At 
the close of the proceedings the town " voted that a committee be chosen to 
meet committees of other towns to consult On the alarming state of public 

On the day of the closing of the port of Boston, June 14, 1774, the bell 
of the meeting-house in Falmouth was muflfled and tolled from sunrise 
until nine o'clock in the evening. The result of the vote of the town in 
February, inviting other towns to choose delegates to meet their's, was 
that a county convention was held at Mrs. Greele's little one-story tavern, 
in Falmouth, on the 21st day of September, 1774. 

This was the first political county convention held in Cumberland, of 
which the record has been preserved. It was composed of thirty-three 
delegates from the nine old towns of the county. Although a hundred 
years save one, have intervened since it was held, there has been no im- 
provement on the course then adopted to secure a true expression of the 
popular will. The peoj^le of the country towns chose their delegates who 
attended, and then they went themselves, to see that their delegates obeyed 
their instructions, as the record shows. After organizing by the choice of 
the Hon. Enoch Freeman for chairman, and his son Samuel Freeman, our 
historian, for clerk, the record says : " A committee from the body of the 

1873.] Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 259 

people who were assembled at the entrance to the town, waited on this con- 
vention to see if they would choose a committee of one out of each town, 
to wait on Mr. Sheriff Tyng, to see whether he would act in his office under 
the late acts of Parliament for regulating the government." By these acts 
the appointment of all civil officers was taken from the people and vested 
in the crown, 

Sheriff Tyng was summoned before the convention and attended, and 
subscribed to a written declaration " that he would not as sheriff of the 
county, or otherwise^ act in conformity to, or by virtue of, said acts, unless 
by the general consent of said county." This declaration was voted to be 
satisfactory to the convention. 

While these proceedings were going on in the convention, the people from 
the country had marched to the town house. The record continues : " The 
convention then formed themselves into a committee to accompany Mr. 
Sheriff Tyng to the body of the people, to present the declaration." The 
people " voted it satisfactory, and after refreshing themselves, returned 
peaceably to their own homes." 

The convention met again in the afternoon, and a committee, of whom 
Samuel Freeman was chairman, reported a long and spirited preamble and 
resolutions, which were adojited. The second resolution would, if carried 
out now, be a public benefit. It was as follows : " That every one would 
do his utmost to discourage lawsuits, and likewise compromise disputes as 
much as possible." " Each member was interrogated separately, and pledged 
himself not to accept any commission under the late acts of parliament." 

Mr. Freeman says his notes, after he left Falmouth, were transcribed from 
the letters of a gentleman in Falmouth to his friend in Watertown. The 
friend in Watertown was no doubt himself, as he was then in attendance at 
the Provincial Congress, and the only delegate from Falmouth. From 
some circumstances and expressions I am led to believe that the writer of 
the letters was Gen. Jedediah Preble, a leading merchant of the town, and 
a member of the committee of inspection. 

Capt. Samuel Coulson had been for several years engaged in the mast 
business between Falmouth and Bristol, England, from whence he came, 
and had married a daughter of the elder Dr. Coffin, of Falmouth, and 
resided in the doctor's house on King street. He had built a very large ship 
for those days at the foot of his street. She was of 1000 tons. To ship 
masts required large vessels. 

Capt. Coulson was violently opposed to the popular sentiment of the 
colonies, and made himself very obnoxious to the people. On the second 
of May, 1775, a vessel of Coulson's arrived from Bristol, with rigging, sails, 
and stores, for the new ship. There was a committee of inspection, com- 
posed of leading men of the town, one of whom was Samuel Freeman. 
This committee was called together at the library chamber the same day of 
the arrival of Coulson's vessel. 

There was a compact between the colonies called the " American 
Association," the provisions of which may be understood from what took 
place in the committee meetings. Coulson was by vote desired to attend 
on the committee. In answer to questions he stated that the vessel was 
from Bristol, with stores and materials for his new ship. A sub-committee 
was chosen to go on board and see if there were any other goods there. 

At an adjourned meeting of the committee the next day, it was voted that 
to allow Ca})t. Coulson to land his goods, and appropriate them to fit out 
his new ship, would be a violation of the " American Association," and 

260 Burning of Falmouth in 1775. [J^^J? 

directed that they be sent back to England without breaking the packages. 
This was communicated to Capt. Coulson by a sub-committee. Coulson 
immediately attended, and said the vessel must be repaired before she could 
go to sea, and in order to do that the freight must be landed ; but the vote 
was adhered to, and the proceedings of the meeting were by vote, posted 
up in a public place in the town. Instead of obeying the order to return 
the goods to England, Coulson left for Boston, under the pretence of asking 
leave of the provincial congress to rig his ship, and procured the assist- 
ance of Capt. Mowatt in the sloop-of-war Canceau, to aid and protect him 
in rigging and loading his ship, and proceeded to land his materials. 

During the excitement caused by Coulson's bringing the vessel to assist 
him in violating the provisions of the Association, on the 21st of April news 
arrived of the battle of Lexington. On the 23d a town-meeting was held, 
and spirited proceedings were adopted, notwithstanding the Canceau was 
lying in the harbor, whose commander, Coulson, and others were constantly 
urging to make some demonstration. The news of the battle of Lexington 
set the whole country in a blaze of excitement. At Falmouth a company of 
60 soldiers was raised and hurried off to Cambridge. 

Next came, what Mr. Freeman calls, " Thompson's war." On Tuesday, 
the 9th of May, Col. Samuel Thompson, of Brunswick, with about fifty 
soldiers, came in boats and landed secretly on the north side of the neck, 
and encamped in a grove of pines. Each man had a small sprig of spruce 
in his hat ; and a small spruce tree with the lower branches cut off was their 
standard. They seized and detained several persons who happened to pass 
that way, in order to conceal their camp from the towns-people. About 
one o'clock, P. M., Capt. Mowatt, his surgeon, and the Rev. Mr. Wiswall, of 
St. Paul's Church, were walking for pleasure in the vicinity, when they 
were seized and made prisoners. As soon as Lieut. Hogg, then in command 
of the Canceau, heard of the capture of Capt. Mowatt, he sent a threaten- 
ing letter on shore. Gen. Preble, in a letter to the provincial congress dated 
on the 14th, says " he clapped springs to his cables and swore if the gentle- 
men were not released before six o'clock, he would fire on the town. He 
fired two cannon, and although there were no sHot in them, it frightened 
the women and children to such a degree that some crawled under the 
wharves, some down cellar, and some out of town." 

Some of the prominent men of the town visited Thompson's camp to 
urge the release of the prisoners. Thompson and his men were inflexible, 
but night coming on, they concluded to march the prisoners to Marston's 
tavern for a more sheltered consultation. The soldiers, including a Fal- 
mouth company which had assisted in the escort, were paraded in front of 
the house. Thompson argued that open hostilities between the colonies 
and the mother-country existed ; that Providence had thrown the prisoners 
in his way, and that they were rightly held. He finally found that 
the whole town was against him, and at about nine o'clock he concluded to 
release them, by their giving their parole to come on shore the next morn- 
ing ; Gen. Preble and Col. Freeman pledging themselves for them. The 
principal reason given by the Falmouth men for urging their release, was 
that several vessels were daily expected with corn and flour, of which the 
town stood very much in need. 

Parson Smith, in his journal, under date of the 26th of June, says : — 
" People are apprehensive of a famine, there being a scarcity of corn and 
flour." A few days after, he mentions the arrival of three vessels, " with 
corn and flour." " So we are plentifully relieved from all fears of famine. 
Blessed be God." 

1873.] Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 261 

At the appointed hour of nine, on Wednesday morning, Thompson began 
to look for his prisoners, but none came ; whereupon his men became furi- 
ous, and seized their sureties, Preble and Freeman, and kept them all day 
without dinner. In the afternoon they sent to Mowatt to know why he 
did not keep his parole. His reply was, that one of his men whom he had 
sent on shore to his washerwoman, had overheard several threats from sol- 
diers to shoot liim as soon as he made his appearance, and he declined 
coming. During the afternoon a large force of militia from the country, 
numbering five or six hundred, arrived, and being greatly enraged on learn- 
ing of Mowatt's release, threatened violence to Gen. Preble and Col. 
Freeman, the sureties. 

All the officers of the militia, including those of Falmouth, next resolved 
themselves into a board of war, for the examination of tories, and sum- 
moned several persons before them. Some came. The Rev. Mr. Wiswall 
had not gone on board the ship, and attended at the appointed time. In 
answer to questions, he declared his abhorrence of the doctrine of passive 
obedience and non-resistance, and was released. Several others were 
examined, but none were punished. To keep peace and secure his release 
with Col. Freeman, Gen. Preble was obliged to furnish the troops with 
several barrels of bread, a quantity of cheese, and two barrels of rum for 
each company. 

The soldiers entered Capt. Coulson's house and took what they wanted, 
and used the house for a barrack. Some of them became exhilarated by 
the liquor found in Coulson's cellar, and one, named Calvin Lombard, went 
down to the shore and tired two balls from a musket, deep into the side of 
the Canceau. The fire was returned from a " fusee," but no damage was 

Thursday, the 11th, was a general fast, which Gen. Preble and Col. 
Freeman were not prepared for, as the soldiers had obliged them to fast the 
da}^ before. 

The soldiers seized one of Coulson's boats and dragged it through the 
streets, to a place of safety, and the next day they seized one of Mowatt's, and 
hauled it to the same place. Mowatt threatened to fire on the town if they 
were not returned, but Mr. Freeman's friend writes to him at "VVatertown 
that '' he has not fired yet, and here I sit writing at my desk in the old 
place, being fully convinced that Mowatt never will fire on the town in any 
case whatever." He also writes : "the soldiers have to-day carried off 
Mr. Tyng's Bishop, a piece of plate worth 500 pounds, old tenor, and his 
laced hat." These were afterwards returned to Mrs. Ross, the mother of 
Mrs. Tyng, by a resolve of the provincial congress. The property 
destroyed in Coulson's house, and valued at 140 pounds lawful money, was 
paid for by authority of the same resolve. 

On Friday afternoon, the last of the soldiers left town, much to the 
relief of the people. On Saturday, Mowatt made another demand for the 
boats, but Thompson's men had taken them away when they left. On 
Monday, Mowatt and Coulson sailed with their ships for Portsmouth and 

On the 8th of June, the Senegal of 16 guns, Capt Dudington, arrived 
from Boston, and anchored near the islands, and on the 12th Coulson 
arrived again in his new ship, and anchored near the Senegal. Sheriff 
Tyng, who had taken refuge with his friends in Boston, was with Coulson. 
In reply to a letter, Capt. Dudington of the Senegal wrote the committee 
that " his orders were to protect the persons and property of his majesty's 
faithful subjects and not to distress them." 

262 Burning of Falmouth in 1775. [July, 

The wives of Sheriff Tyng and Capt. Coulson were permitted to go on 
board the ships ; but the committee would not consent that Coulson should 
have his masts with which he had intended to load the ship, as he was 
a declared enemy of the town. On his arrival, the people had floated them 
up the harbor out of his reach, the provincial congress having passed a 
resolve to prevent tories taking their property out of the country. 

Coulson next sent an armed boat to the mouth of Presumpscot river, 
ostensibly for water, but in reality to look out masts and timber for a cargo 
for his ship. The people seized his boat, guns and men, but finally released 
his men. Coulson finding he could not get his masts and was losing his 
boat, sailed without them. These masts were secured in a cove at Cape 
Elizabeth, near Vaughan's bridge, where they remained over 60 years. All 
left of them in 1835 were built into Sawyer's wharf, at the foot of High 
street ; and they are now covered by Commercial street. 

After Capt. Coulson had left Boston for Falmouth to take in his masts, 
Capt. Crandall, of Harpswell, was taken by one of Admiral Graves's fleet 
and carried into Boston, and on his release he reported his interview with 
tlie admiral. After the burning of the town, to prove that it was done by 
order of the admiral, Capt. Crandall's sworn statement was procured. I 
here copy a part of his affidavit from Freeman's notes : 

" That sometime in the month of June last, I sailed from Harpswell for 
Salem, and on my passage there I was forcibly taken by an armed vessel 
and carried into Boston. And being in the presence of Admiral Graves, 
he asked me if sUch a man-of-war (he named her, but I have forgotten her 
name) had arrived at Falmouth. I answered that I heard she had. He 
then asked me if I thought she would be opposed by the people. I answer- 
ed I could not tell. He then asked me if Capt. Coulson was loading at 
Falmouth. I replied that I had heard he met with such opposition from 
the people as to prevent it. Upon which the admiral said : ' You may tell 
them that if they will not let him load, I will send a ship, or ships, and 
beat the town down about their ears.' 

(Signed) Philip Crandall. 

Sworn to on the 1 of Jan. 1776, before Wm. Sylvester, 
of Harpswell, Justice of the Peace." 

Dr. Deane says (page 341 of his diary) : " Capt. H. Mowatt, of Scot- 
land, obtained, by his most urgent solicitation, an order from Graves, &c." 
Mr. Willis, in his History of Portland, page 518, says : "The vessels came 
here direct from Boston, and no doubt can be entertained but that the 
order proceeded from Admiral Graves, who then commanded on this station, 
whose mind had been influenced by the representations of Mowatt, Coulson, 
and others." In a letter from Gov. Bowdoin to Gov. Pownall in London, 
dated in Boston in 1783, he says " The town was wantonly burnt, by order 
of Admiral Graves." 

From the authorities quoted I think all will be convinced that the 
bombardment was by Admiral Graves's orders, in consequence of repre- 
sentations from Mowatt and Coulson. 

I will now give a condensed sketch of the burning. The facts are prin- 
cipally taken from the letters of the Hon. Enoch Freeman, chairman of the 
committee of safety, to his son Samuel in Watertown, with the statements 
of other eye-witnesses. 

1873.] Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 2G 


On the ICth of October, 1775, the people of Falmouth were surprised by 
the iirrival l)c]o\v of a squadron of four armed vessels and a store-vessel. 
The wind being fresh from the northwest the vessels anchored near the 
islands. When the people learned that Capt. Mo watt was in command, 
tliey supposed lie had come for sheep and cattle, for the British forces in 
Boston. As there were lar^e stocks of cattle on the islands, the enlisted 
men composing one comi)any and part of another were at dusk sent down 
quietly to guard the sheep, cattle and hay. 

The next day, Tuesday, the wind being still ahead and very strong, the 
vessels warped up the harbor, and anchored in line in front of the town. 
By a drawing still preserved, we are enabled to fix the position and rig of 
each vessel. Tlie Canceau of IG guns, the flag-ship, was anchored opposite 
the foot of India street. Next above was a schooner of 12 guns. Then 
the ship Cat of 20 guns, opposite Union wharf, and a bomb sloop above 
all. The store-schooner took a station below the armed vessels. 

Late in tlie afternoon, Capt. jMowatt sent an olficer on shore with a letter, 
in which he said the town had been guilty of the most unpardonable re- 
bellion, and from having it in orders to execute a just punishment on the 
town of Falmouth, he gave two hours for the removal of the " human sj)ecie " 
out of the town, at the period of whicli a red pennant would be hoisted at 
the main-top-gallant-mast head, with a gun. 

Dr. Deane says: "Near sunset he made known his errand by a flag (of 
truce), with a letter full of bad English, and worse s])elling." 

The Ivev. Jacob Bailey of l^ownalboroiigh, who had been officiating at St. 
Paul's church after INIr. Wiswall hail left, says in a letter: "The officer 
landed at the foot of King street amid a prodigious assembly of people and 
was conveyed with uncommon parade to the town-house, and silence being 
commanded, a letter was delivered, and read by Mr. Bradbury, a lawyer ; 
but not without such visible emotion as occasioned a tremor in his voice." 
After repeating the contents or import of the letter, he says : " It is im- 
possible to describe the amazement which prevailed on the reading of the 
alarming declaration. A frightful coi^ternatiou ran through the assembly ; 
a profound silence ensued for several moments. Then a committee of three 
was chosen, one of whom was Dr. Collin, brother of the wife of Capt. 
Coulson, to wait on the commodore." This and much more is from the pen 
of one who received his support from the mother country and was a loyalist. 
His description of the bombardment, and the fright of the people, makes the 
scene appear almost ludicrous. 

Besides Dr. Coffin, mentioned by Mr. Bailey, Gen. Preble and Robert 
Pagan were on the committee. It is worthy of remark that this committee 
were all Episcopalians, and members of St. Paul's parish. The committee 
immediately went on board the Canceau. In answer to their remonstrance, 
Capt. Mowatt informed them that his orders from the admiral did not au- 
thorize him to give any warning to the inhabitants, but they recpiired him 
to come " opposite the town with all possible expedition [jiot to go into 
Portsmouth,'] and there burn, sink and destroy," and that he had taken it 
upon himself to give warning, at the risk of losing his commission. 

The committee say, " we expostulated with him upon the severity of such 
orders, and entreating that if possible some method might be fallen upon to 
save the town ; or at least to give the inhabitants an opportunity of moving 
some of their effects ; upon which he said, that if the inhabitants would in 
the morning, by eight o'clock, deliver up four pieces of cannon which were 
then in the towai, with their arms in general, and ammunition, he would in 
Vol. XXVII. 24 

264 Burning of Falmouth in 1775. [Ji^^J; 

that case do no harm to the town until he had despatched an express to the 
admiral, who he did not doubt would order him to save the town. And as 
a token that his demand would be complied with, he required that eight 
small arms should be delivered up by eight o'clock that evening, which 
should be the condition of the town's being safe until eight o'clock the next 

The committee told him that his demands would not in their opinion be 
complied with, but that they would inform the town of his conditions. The 
committee communicated the result of their interview with Capt. Mowatt 
to the people, who were waiting in the town-house. No vote was taken, 
but it was thought best to send the small-arms that evenino^, in order to 
gain time to remove the sick, with the women and children, and what 
property could be got away that night. 

Wednesday morning, the 18th, the citizens met, and " resolved by no 
means to deliver up the cannon and other arms," and sent the same com- 
mittee with the answer. 

I must digress a little here to supply a little historical matter not found 
in the books. By examining Mr. Freeman's notes, it will be seen that 
there were no cannon in Falmouth at the time of Mowatt's visit in May, 
and that he had sent a letter on shore then, saying that he had heard that 
cannon were to be brought from the country to destroy his ship, and 
threatened to fire on the town in case of such an attempt. 

We find, at the burning in October, that there were four cannon in town. 
There is no written account of where these guns came from. I am glad to 
be able to explain this. In 1743 the Massachusetts colony furnished the 
eastern frontier-towns with small cannon to defend their timber-forts against 
the Indians, and to give the alarm to other settlements in case of an attack. 
Windham's share of these guns was a long nine-pounder iron gun, which 
was mounted in front of the fort, within the stockade, to fire as an alarm gun, 
and two swivels, one for each watch-box at the diagonal corners of the fort. 
This nine-pouuder and one swivel, it is well known, were carried to Fal- 
mouth when mother England began to be more feared than the Indians. 
These guns were finally put on board the privateer Reprieve, Capt. Stone, 
of Falmouth, in 1776. 

Gorham did not fare quite as well as Windham in the distribution of the 
guns : they got only two six-pound swivels, which were in their fort in 
1775. One of them was fired when the Indians attacked the settlers in 
1746, which brought twelve armed men from Falmouth to their assistance. 
Of course they were in duty bound to assist their deliverers. These two 
guns, tradition says, were carried to Falmouth at the commencement of the 
revolutionary troubles, and an effort was made to have them returned, but 
without success. It was undoubtedly these four guns which Mowatt tried 
in vain to secure. Perhaps one reason why the Falmouth people hung to 
them with such tenacity, was that they were borrowed. 

We will now return to the negotiations about these guns on Wednesday 
morning. We left the committee on their way to the ship, with the answer 
of the town's people to Mowatt's demand. They were directed to spend as 
long a time on board as possible, to give time to secure more property. They 
remained on board until half-past eight o'clock, when they were requested 
by Mowatt to go on shore. He probably felt sore at the refusal of the 
citizens to be disarmed. The committee obtained half an hour to get out of 
the way themselves. 

Prompt at the moment of 9 o'clock, the dreaded signal went up " to the 

1873.] Burning of Falmouth in 1775. 2G5 

main-top-gallant-mast head with a gun " on board the flag-ship, followed 
immediately by the blood red pennant on all the other vessels : an appro- 
priate color under which to commit such a dastardly act. 

Col. Enoch Freeman, in his letter to his son, says : " the firing began from 
all the vessels with all possible briskness, discharging on all parts of tho 
town, which lay on a regular descent towards the harbor, an horrible shower 
of balls from three to nine lbs. weight, bombs, carcasses, live shells, grape- 
shot, and musketballs. The firing lasted, with very little cessation, until 
six o'clock, P. M., during which several parties came on shore to set buildings 
on fire. Parties of our people and others from the neighboring towns ran 
down to oppose them, and it is thought killed several." 

I am writing this in a house the frame of which was partly raised that 
morning. The men employed heard the guns ten miles ofi", and knew what 
they meant, and they hurried away to the assistance of Falmouth. 

Of the parties who landed to set fires, one officer was struck down and 
disarmed near the present custom house, according to Dr. Deane. 

I saw, 50 years ago, a tin speaking-trumpet, nearly eaten up by rust, which 
was taken from an officer with a torch in his hand. This, with several can- 
non-shot, was kept in a closet under the high pulpit of the old meeting- 
house of the first parish. The shot had pierced the venerable structure, 
and set it on fire ; but the fire was extinguished. This trumpet and the 
shot were then kept there as mementos of the burning. One shot is still 
preserved. I have never seen this trumpet alluded to in any account of 
the bombardment. 

None of the town's people were killed, and only one was wounded. Widow 
Alice Greele, who kept the fashionable tavern of the town, saved her house 
by remaining in it, and extinguishing the flames when it caught fire. The 
selectmen, in a published statement, say that about three quarters of the 
buildings, including 130 dwelling houses, St. Paul's (Episcoj)al) church 
with the bell, the town house, a new fire-engine, and the public library were 
consumed. Only one or two wharves escaped the flames. What vessels 
were not consumed were taken away by the enemy, for such we must now 
call them. 

On Pointer's draught, already mentioned, every house, and store, and 
public building is drawn as it stood before the fire ; those which were des- 
troyed are so marked. This draught was sent to Dr. Deane to correct, 
which he did. In a letter to Mr. Freeman on the subject, he says : " Let 
barns, &c., be placed where you can recollect any, and perhaps it would not 
be amiss to make some where you do not recollect any." It was then the 
intention to have it engraved immediately, but this was not done until 

The first tears I ever shed for another's misfortunes were, I think, for the 
suffering women and children of Falmouth. I often heard their story re- 
peated by an old lady, who lived near my father's, until I was afraid to go 
home in the evening for fear of meeting Mowatt, or some of his incendiaries, 
with a fire-brand. This good woman, at the time of the burning, lived in 
the town, in " Clay Cove." Her husband had enlisted in the continental 
army, intending to leave his wife and child in their snug home in Falmouth. 
On the arrival of the ships he was one of those who went to the islands to 
guard the cattle and sheep, and could not return until the firing had com- 
menced. His name was Barton, and he was then about 28 and his wife 20 
years old. Mrs Barton remained in her house waiting for her husband, 
until the hot shot and shells began to fall near, and several of the neighbir- 

2G6 Shcq^IcigJij Stllcmanj Mariyn^ Cutts, Tnieworthj, Jose, [July, 

iiifj builclin2:s were on fire, and her own dwellinjj had become untenable. 
She could wait no longer. She tied up her only feather bed with some 
small articles of clothing in a sheet, and slung it over her shoulder. She 
then took her little boy on her other arm and fled from the burning town. 
To reach a place of safety she was obliged to walk nearly a mile through 
the most thickly settled part of the town, with the ships in full view. 
Several times bombs with their smoking fuses fell near her, and she quick- 
ened her pace to escape the explosion. With many others she took shelter 
under the high ledges near the Casco street church, which have since been 
blasted away. The vicinity was then a grove of oaks, which gave Oak 
street its name. A 3 lb. shot fell near her, which she secured. Here her 
husband found her on his return from the islands, and here they remained 
until nearly night. When the firing had slackened they ventured out, and, 
after depositing their bed in a place of safety, walked to her father's in 
Windham, eleven miles ; one carrying the child, and the other the cannon 
shot, and occasionally changing. 

Their dwelling and household goods were burnt, and they were compelled 
to begin the world anew. Barton and his wife's father built a small log 
house half a mile from the father's, and here he left his wife and joined 
Capt. Richard Mayberry's company as corporal. This was the fifth com- 
pany of the eleventh regiment of the Massachusetts Bay forces, in the army 
commanded by Gen. Gates at the capture of Burgoyne in 1777. This com- 
pany was also in the battles of Monmouth and Hubbardston. At the end 
of his term of three years service, Barton left the army, and was paid off in 
paper money which was almost worthless. He came home and went to 
work with a will, but was soon after killed by a falling tree. His widow 
suffered many hardships in her poverty, but a government pension very 
much relieved her declining years. She died in 1841, aged 86. 

On the day set apart for the commemoration of the soldiers' services and 
sufferings, I am careful that Barton's grave is not forgotten. 


Abstracts of Records, communicated by J. Hamilton Shapleigh, Esq., of Exeter, N. H. 


In the name of God Amen the Eighth Day of January In the Eleventh 
year of the Reigne of our Souereigne Lord William The Third by The Grace 
of God of England Scotland France and Ireland, King Defender of The 
faith &c. Anno: Dom : one Thousand Six hundred ninety & nine. 

I Lucy Stileman of New Castle being in Perfect health both In Body 
and mind Tlianks be to God — calling to Remembrance The uncertain 
Estate of Tills Transitory life and that all flesh must yeald unto Death 
wlien It shall Pleas god to call : Doe make Constitute ordain and declare 
This To be my last will and Testament In manor and form following : Re- 

1873.] Shaj)leigh, Stileman, Martyn, Cutts, Trneworthy, Jose. 2G7 

uoking and annuling by These Presents all and Euery Testament and Testa- 
ments Will and Wills heretofore by me made and declared Either by 
Word or Writing and this Is to be Taken only for my last Will and Testa- 
ment and none other. 

First and Principelly I comend my Soul to almighty god my Creator 
Asured by beleaueing that I shall receue full Pardon and free remision of 
all my sins and be Saved by The Precious Death and merits of my blessed 
Saviour and redeemer Christ Jesus, and my body to the earth from whence 
It was taken. To be buried In such Decent and Christian manner as To 
my Executors heereafter mentioned shall be Thought meet and Conuenient. 
And as Touching such Worldly Estate as the Lord In mercy hatli lent 
me my Will and meaning Is The same shall be Imployed and bestowed as 
hereafter by this my Will Is Expressed : That Is To Say 

First. I give and bequeath To my grand son James Chadborn son of 
my late son James Chadborn one half part of all my land and meddow 
which Is lying and being att or by Sturgeon Creek In the Prouince of Main 
which was granted me by a Deed of gift or Joyntcr from my former Hus- 
band Humphrey Chadborn Duering my Natural Life and Then att my 
desposeal among our Children and The s^ James Chadborn Is to pay his 
sister Lucy Chadborn twenty Pounds out of The Income or Pent of the 
s^: Land and If the s*^: James shuld Dy without Issue Then The s*^ Land 
Is to goe to his s*^ sister Lucy. 

I give and bequeath To my Daughter Elizabeth Alcock the other half of 
my s^ land and meaddow afors'^ To be Equally diuided betwixt her and my 
grandson afors*^. Sliee Paying To her Sister Katharine Waymouth Twenty 
Pounds out of the Rent or Income and If my Daughter Elizabeth Alcock 
shuld Dy without Issue and leave a husband then s^. Land and mash shall 
remain to her husband Dureing his Natural life and then Decend To my 
Daughter Katharine Waymouth or her heirs ; or If She Dy without hus- 
band or Issue Imediately to goe as afores^ To my Daughter Waymouth 
or her heirs She or they Paying To my other Two Daughters viz. Lucy 
Lewis & Alice Dunnel each Ten Pounds being the mony Rec^. of her Sister 
Alcock or If Not Rec** by Reason of the shortness of The time being In 
my daughter Alcock's hands &c. Then Nevertheless To pay Them The 
Ten Pounds Each — And That Whereas my late husband M"": Elias Stile- 
man Did give me forty Pounds To be Desposed by me out of his Estate I 
give and bequeth That Equally between my five Daughters viz: Eight 
Pounds to Each Lucy Lewis Alice Dunnel Katharine Waymouth Eliz^: Al- 
cock & Joana Cutt, Each Eight Pounds. 

WTiereas I now haue an obligation from Rich: Stileman for Ten Pounds 
mony If I Dy before I Recouer That Then my s'^ Grandson Shall haue 
that Bill — I hereby Assigning It ouer to him. 

I giue to my Grandaughter Lucy Chadborn Daughter to my son James 
Chadborn a Cow. 

Whereas There is A D': Due from my late son Humpry Chadborn I 
give that To my four grand children my son Humprys children uiz: Mary 
Wm. Eliz^ & Joseph Chadborn and what Ever Estate I Leave Elss Not 
heer mentioned I order It to be Equally Diuided between my s^: fiue 
Daughters viz: Lucy Lewis Kath: Waymouth Eliz* Alcock Alice Dun ell & 
Joanah Cutt And I Doe hearby appoint my two Daughters Kath: Wamouth 
& Eliz"^ Alcock To be my Executrixes of this my last will and Testament I 
Desire my good fiends John Hincks & Rob* Eliot Esq^ To be Ouerseeurs 

Vol. XXVIL 24* 

268 Shaplcighj Stllcman^ Martyn, CiiUs, Trueworthy, Jose. [July, 

heer of to See this my "Will fulfiled In Witness Whereof I have hereunto 

Sett my hand And Seal the Day and year aboue writen 1699. 

In Presen'* of Signum 

Lemuel Smith Lucy L Stileman alis Wills 

Mary Tetherly alis Chadborn. [Seal] 

Theodore Attkinson. 

Province of New Hampshire April 13*^ 1708 Theodore Attkinson Esq^ 
one of the Witnesses to the within mentioned Will personally appeared 
before me and made oath that he was present when Lucy Stileman alias 
"Wills alias Chadborn deceased signed sealed & declared the within Will to 
be herr last will and Testament and that she was then of a sound disposing 
minde and memory to the best of his know^ledge and likewise that Lemuel 
Smith and Mary Tetherly the other two Witnesses to the within will was 
alsoe present and sett their hands thereto as Witnesses. 

[^Probate Records, Co. Rockingham, N. H.~\ Cha: Story Reg. 


The Deposition of Luce Wills & Sarah Lidden y® foremeiiconed Wills 
aged about forty six years or thereabouts & y^ s^ Lidden thirty eight years 
or thereabouts. Testifieth & saith — 

Dated June y" 25*^ 1678 In Portsm^ — 

In court before Elias Stileman, Comr. 
[Rock. Rec, Lib. S,fol. 137.] 


New Castle, DecemV 18, 1695. 

To his Grandafter Ruth Tarlington all books &c. except those 2 or 3 to 
his wife. 

To said Grandafter the Gould ring he had at the burying of Richard 
Martyn — . . . 

To my Daughter in Law Elizabeth Alcutt my Gold ring I had of James 

To said daughter in Law Elizabeth Alcutt that piece of land . . . that 
was James Weymouths. 

I give my Daughter in Law Johannah Cutt the Gold Ring I had at 
Mr. Vaughans burial. 

I give to my three daughters in Law each of y^ a Gold Ring of the like 
value of the ring given to Johannah Cutt. 

Gives to wife Luce Stileman all his household stuff . . Gives to 
his s^ wife Luce Stileman all my Stock of Cattle at her farm at Sturgeon 
Creek . . 

To her — during life the house and land " we now live in " — 
then to Granson Elias Tarlington & Granddafter Ruth Tarlington — 
names William Tarlington son of my Grandafter Ruth Tarlington — 

Makes his wife Luce Stileman sole Executrix. 

I doe make my beloved ffriends m'" Sam^ Daniell of Yorke & m' John 
Shapleigh of Kittery overseers of this my will. 

"Witness Elias Stileman. [Seal] 

Rob* Elliot 
Jn" Ilinks 
Fran: Tucker. Probate 30 December 1695. 

Deposition of Elias Stileman gives his age 79 years. Date, Jan. 8, 1694. 
[Rec, lib. G,foL 64.] 

1873.] Shapleigh, Stileman, Martyn, Cutis , Trveworthy, Jose. 2G9 


To all Xtian people to whome this present wrighten shall com know 
yea that wee John geer & sary my wiff & Richard Cult & Joanna 
my wifF: both daughters to m"" Thomas Wills of Kittry town in y*^ pro- 
vince of Main & Elias Stillman of portsm^ in y^ province of New hamp- 
shir & Lcwsee my wiff y'' Relict &; administratrix to m"" Thomas Wills 
Estate deceased, for y'^ consideration of y*^ full som of forty fine pounds cur- 
rant mony to us in hand payed by m" francis mercer of portsm" afores*^, the 
recept whereof wee doe hereby acknowledg & our selves fully sattisfyed con- 
tented & payed & thereof & of every percill & peny thereof doe acquit Ex- 
onerat & discharg s'^ francis mercer his heirs Executors administrators & 
assigns for euer by this presents as also for divers other good Causes & con- 
siderations : us y*^ above s^ John Gear Richard Cutts & Elias Stillman by 
& with y*^ consent of our wiffs aboue mentioned thereunto moueiiig have 
given granted bargained & sold Enfeofed Released deliuered & conlirmed, 
(fc doe by these present absolutly giue grant bargain sell Enfeof relece 
deliver and Confirm unto m*" francis mercer afores*^ his heirs Executors 
administrators & assigns for euer all that parcell or pece of Land sold unto 
]\P Thomas Wills by M'" John Cutt of Portsni'^ decesed & is Ajoining to 
JVF Snells Land on the West sid thereof on ])eace y*' other peace Joyning to 
M"" Cutts Wharff as they are bounded in s'' Cutts deed to said Wils together 
with y^ Wharf & warehous thereon Standing. 

To have & to hold . . . 

Dated the Niuntenth day of DescmV. 1G80. 

^,. Elias Stilman fSeall 

Witnesses gign 

John Pickering Sen"" Lucy L Stilman [Seal] 

John West John Gear [Seal] 

Elizabeth West Uiemarkof 

Sary J GEAR [Seal] 

& her seal 

Richard Cutt [Seal] 

JoANA Cutt [Seal] 

Recorded the 8*^ Sept. 1G92, by John Pickerinsf, Recorder. 
Acknowledged May 28, 1G94, before Nath'' Fryer, Jus. P. 
Recorded Oct. 27, 1G97, by Wm. Vaughan, Recorder. 
IRoch. Rec, Lib. ^, fol. 34.] 


Thomas Broughton of Center Haven in the limits of Boston, in y® 
Countie of Suffolke in New-England, M^'ch* & Mary his wife — for four 
thousand pounds, to M"". Henry Shrimpton, M"" Hezekiah Usher, Richard 
Lake, of Boston, in N^ England, and M"" Walter Price of Salem in y® Coun- 
tie of Essex Merch*, as at large expressed in a deede of Sayle the 19^^ of 
this Instant April 1G59, the Mojetie of all the lands Granted by the towns 
of Dover & Kettery on Quamphegin ffals & Newitchewannuck River 
together with the mojetie of all that land bought M"^ Thomas Spencer Capt. 
Nicholas Shapleigh & Humphrey Chad bourn on y^ s'^ River. 

19 April, 1G59. Recorded May 12, 1G59. ^hQvhwvnQ, Recorder. 

[Lib. 2,fol 2.] 


The deposition of Jn° Cutt Jun^ aged Seaventeen years or thereabouts 
testefieth & saith y* on y^ Seaventh day of Aug* 1G80 Stephen Jones being 

270 Shajileighf Stlleman, Martyrij Ciitts, Tnieworihy, Jose. [July, 

at my Fathers house my uncle Maj"^ Nich^ Shapleigh asked Stephen Jones 
concerning y® difference was between him & Philip Chessley and y^ grounds 
he gave him to Strike him who said th* he took a pitch forke and made a 
pass at him at w^^ he took up a small stick & putt him by & might he 
thought give Philip Chesly three or ffower blows w*^ said stick & fiarther 
saith not. 

Taken upon oath Sep*. 2'^ 1680. 

Before me Richard Martyn of y® Council. 
l^Prov. Court Papers, 1680, folio 165.] 


The deposition of John Shapleigh aged 36 years or thereabouts Testi- 
fieth That this deponent being in company with ffrancis Small & Antipas 

Maverick upon y® 25*^ of this Instant month of June, did hear 

This depon* further testifieth that he y^ s^ Mauerick hath quietly & peacea- 
bly possessed the house & Land now in controversy w*^* any molestation 
or disturbance that he ever knew or heard of neere thirty years last past. 

28 June 1678 Taken upon oath in County Court held in Portsm® 
by M' John Shapleigh. 

Elias Stileman, Clerc. 

Entered according to y® Originall the 29*'' June 1678 pr 

Elias Stileman, Mecord^, 


This Indenture made y^ fifth day of Aug'* 1728 Between Rich*^ Cutt of 
Portsm^ In y^ Prov^ of N. Hampsh^ marri^ Joseph Chessly of Dover in y^ 
Pro^ of N. Hampsh^ afores^ Yeoman & Sarah his wife Joseph Moulton of 
Berwick In y^ County of York In y^ Pro® of y® Massachusets Bay Inholder 
& Judith his wife Margrett Landale of Portsm° Wid'' W" Fellows Jun^ 
of Portsm" afores*^ Marine & Eliz^ his wife of y® one partie & John Cutt of 
Portsm'' afores^ Cooper of the other part Witnesseth y* y® s*^ Rich^ Cutt — 
Joseph Chessley & Sarah his wife — Joseph Moulton & Mary his wife — 
Solom. Cotton and Judith his wife, Margrett Landale, W°^ Fellows & 
Eliz*'^ his wife for & In consideration of y® Naturall love good will & affec- 
tion wc'^ they have & do bear to their Brother the afores*^ John Cutt & 
Sundry other good considerations at this time moving but more especially 
In consideration of y® sum of five pounds to them in hand p^ by y® s^ John 
Cutt have given granf^ bargain^ unto y® s*^ John Cutt his heirs & assigns 
forever all y* their Right Title use Interest — In all & singular y® dwelling 
house land wharfe & wharfing prvlige now in the tenure or occupation of y® 
s^ Jn° Cutt wc^ s^ dwelling house and land Wharfe & Wharfing pvelege 
^th yc appurtn*. they y*' s^ Rich^ Cutt Joseph Chesle & Sarah his wife Jos** 
Moulton & Mary his wife Sol™ Cotton and Judith his wife Marg* Landale 
W™ Fellows & Eliz"^ his wife have Should or ought to have Interest in by 
& after y* Decease of their Hon^ Mother Sarah Cutt of Portsm^ afors'^ wid** 
wc^ s*^ dwelling house & land Wharfe & Wharfing pvilege w*^ y° appurten" 
Rich^ Martyn late of Portsm° afores*^ Esq"" Dc'^ father to y' s'^ Sarah Cutt 
by deed or Instrument under his hand & Seal bearing Date y® 20*'' day of 
Aug* 1671 gave to his son & Daugh*" John Cutt & Sarah Cutt father & mother 
of y*' party' mentioned in these prsents During y® time ^of their natural life 
& after their Decease to their heirs males as by y® before Recd*^ Deed or lu- 
strum* Reference thereunto being had will more fully appear w*^'' before 

1873.] S/iapIcigh, Stilcman, Martyn, Cutts, Triieworthy, Jose, 271 

grant'^ house & land Wharfe & Wharfing pvilege in y® whole Contain^ In 
y° afores*^ Deed or Instrum*. 

To have & to hold 

In Witness W'f they have hereunto Sett their hands & seals y^ day & 
year first above mentioned. 
Sign'^ Seal"^ & D"^ in psence of ) Ricii'^ Cutt [Seal.] 

Tho Harvey 
Jn'' Bradford 

Ack by Rich'^ Cutt " Augt y« 12, 1728. 

" Sam" Winkley, 

Justice of Peace. 
Record 29 April 1730. IRoch Rec, Lib. 17, foL 150.] 


Richard Martyn conveys to John Cutt and Sarah his wife .... For love 
& affection grants unto " my well beloued Son John Cutt & Sarah his wufo 
(my daughter) during tho term of their natural life all y' my house <Sc house 
Lott wc'' I bought of Charles Glidden. 

Dated 20"^ day of August 1G71. 

Ack. 2 day of May 1G79. Record^ Mav 3 1G70. 

[Rock. Rec, Lib. 3, fol. 148.] 


Dated 27 Jan^ 1G92-3. Probate IG Apr. 1G94. 

Names his son Michael — Son Nath", — 3 daughters Sarah [Cutt] — 
Hannah^ [Jose] [Kennad]. " Master Sam'^ Keaise M' Sam" Pen- 
hallow & my son in Law Richard Jose to be my Overseers." 

Gives the use of his houses & lands to his son Nathaniel — ^if he dye with- 
out heirs ; then to his brother Mich'. — if he dye without heirs. 

Then to Richard the Son of my son in Law John Cutt. His moveables 
to his 3 daughters. His wife Mary & sons Michael & Nath' Exrs. 

[Prob. Rec] 


Know all men by these Presents y* I Simon Bradstreet of Andover in 
y'' County of Essex Gent": for & in Consideration of y*^ sum of fore Score 
pounds Pipe Staves to be paid in two Years by Major Nicho' Shapley of 
Kittery upon Piscataqua River Merch* as by a writing bareing date herewith 
doth more fully appear have bargained & sold & by these presents do give 
grant bargain sell assign & make over to him y® s^ NichoP Shapleigh y^ 
right title & Interest y* y*^ s*^ Simon have or according to Law & Equity 
might have in or to a writing or mortgage of M"" Valentine Hill, Deceased, 
of a certain tract of land near Oyster-River containing by Estimation five 
hundred acres & then in y^ possession or occupation of one Darby Field 
which bares date y^ 9*^^ August 1G49 as also one other writing relating there- 
unto of y'^ s^ Valentine Hills intituled Articles of Agreement bearing date 
P2"^ of November 1G4G— 

To Have & To Hold y*^ afores writing to him y^ s^ Maj^ Shapleigh to all 
Intents & purposes whatsoever in reference to y^ afores'^ Law as fully & abso- 
lutely to receive & do whatsoever I y'^ s'^ Simon might or ought to do accord- 
ing to Law & y*' true Intent of y^ s'^ Writing, w^ithout any Trouble Lett or 
molestation by y® s'^ Simon my Heirs or assigns or any claiming in by 
through or under me or them or any of them and Whereas in y^ s'^ Writing 

272 Shnpleigh, Stileman, Marlyn, Cults, Truewortliy, Jose, [July, 

or Mortgage there is a Bond or obligation of y'^ s^ Nicho' Shapleigh & M' 
John Try worthy 300£ for y® Payment of 150£ assign*^ or made over to me 
y^ s'^ Simon which Bond is alleged by y® s** Nicho^ to have been many years 
since paid to y^ s*^ Valentine Hill & an acquittance or discharge for y^ same 
produced & showed under y^Hand ofy® s*^ Valentine Hill I therefore y^ s'^ 
Simon do hereby covenant and promise not to claim or require any satisfac- 
tion upon y° s^ Bond but shall rest satisfied w*^ what is above expressed 
& shall & will sometime before y^ end of y^ next month Deliver y^ s^ Bond 
up assigned by me to y® Admiss'^ of y^ Estate of y^ s** Valentine Hill de- 
ceased or to some one of them- — or shall be redy so to do whensoever I shall 
be required thereunto either by s*^ admiss*^ or said Nicho' Shapleigh In 
witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this fourteenth day 
of Ap' in y^ year of our Lord one thousand six hundred & Sixty 1660. 

Sign*^ Seal** & delivered 
in y^ presence of Simon Bradstreet [Seal] 

Nicho. Paige ') This Instrument above written was 

John Noyes > acknowledged by Simon Bradstreet 

Richard Alexander. ) Esq"" as his act & deed May y^ 7 1674 

before me 
Recorded Ap^ y« 9*^ 1735. Edw^ Ttng, Ass. Jus. 

P"* Josh. Peirce, Recorder. 
lEocJc. Rec, lAb. 21, fol 60.] 


Katherin Hilton of Exeter in y® County of Norfolk, Widow — " for my 
motherly louing affection w^^ I bear unto my Louing son Samuel Trewor- 
thy of Portsm" in piscattaq River marriner,'^ — grants to her louing son 
Samuel Treworthie of Portsm" afores*^ — all my necke or Tract of land 
situated above Sturgeon creeke in township of Kittery in piscattaq River 
formerly called Thompsons point, now Known by y^ name of Tre worthy s 
poynt lying between two Creeks — w'^^ neck or tract of Land I bought of 
M'' Roules y® Indian — 

In witness, &c., set my hand & seale this second day of November An° 
Dom 1674. 

Signed in p** of t^^ "^^^^ °' 

John Gilman Katherin KH: Hilton. [Seal] 

Moses Mauerick. 
Samuel Treworgey with the consent of Dorcas Treworgey his wife 
conveys the above lands to Richard Rich of Dover, Nov. 6, 1674. 

[Rock. Rec, Lib. 3, fol. 100.] 

deposition of SAMUEL TREWORGIE. 

The Deposition of Samuel Treworgie aged 33 years or Theire Aboutt 
Being Sworn saith that he being Latly at y^ house of Samuell Wentworth 
on the Great Island with Some friends Theire Did Call for Seueral pints of 
wine which was brought vs Wee calling what was to pay he Said Soe many 
pints of wine Soe many shillings, which wee paid him ; but if wee Brought 
the pints of Wine again wee should have ou*" money and further saith not. 

19 May 1661 taken upon oath 

before Euas Stileman, Comsr. 
\_County Court, 1050-72, fol. 527.] 






1873.] Shapleighj Stileman, Martyn, CuUs, Truewortfty, Jose. 273 

[From Rates of Taxes :] 

The Constables part of the Towne Rate of y'' Great Island (y* Division) 
June IG, 1G71 

Samuel Treworgy 
Samuel Wentworth 
\_lbid.,fol. 599.] 


" my present servant 

maid" "for services & due attendance" That I Bridgett 

GrafFord formerly y'' wife Relict and Executrix of Thomas Daniel Esq' 
Deceased : and lately the wife Relict and sole Executrix of Thomas Graf- 
ford of Ports'"'' in the Province of New Hampshire in New England." 

" A certain house lot lying and being on Strawberry Bank in Portsmouth, 
to say fifty foot fronting northerly unto y° street that runs from y*^ great fort 
down to said GrafFords hous running Eighty three foot back adjoining unto 
Capt Bullards Garden or house lott " — 

Date, 12 March, \\%^. Bridget Graffort. [Seal] 

Recorded, May 28, 1703. 

IRoch Rec, Lib. 7, fol 2.] 



James Treworthy — tanner in Portsm'' — being in Election to be married 
lunto Ruth the daughter of Henry Kirk of the aforesaid Portsmouth — cur- 
rier — Releasing all claims to any lands or property of Ruth's. 

Date, 8^^ Nov. 1702. Recorded, 28 May, 1703. [Lib. 7, fol. 2, Deeds.'] 


In examining the Otis genealogy, ante, vol. v. page 182, I find that 
" Esther or Hester married, first, Henry, son of Henry Elkins " ; . . . 
that " after she was liberated, she married Richard, son of Richard Jose, 
of Portsmouth " ; . . . and that " she survived Mr. Jose." I think there 
is an error in these statements, and I call attention to them that others may 
communicate to the Register any facts bearing upon them. 

The widow of Richard Jose, 2d, was Damaris . After his decease 

she married Jeremiah Wheelwright, of Portsmouth, who is supposed to be 
a brother of N-athaniel, John and others of Boston, descendants of the Rev. 
John Wheelwright. There is a tradition that the Shapleighs and this Jere- 
miah Wheelwright were connected, but I have not been able to trace the 
connection, nor to ascertain who Damaris was before her marriage. 

In my researches I have found the following records of the Jose family. 

Christopher Jose of Portsmouth; will dated 14 Sept., 1676 ; proved 
in 1676. In it names his sons: Richard, Thomas, John, and Samuel. 
Daughters : Joanna, Margaret, Mary. Beloved wife Jane Jose ; his " Be- 
loved wife sole Executrix " of his will ; and with others his " fifather in law," 
Richard Comings, one of the overseers — therefore his wife Jane is supposed 
to be daughter of Richard Comings. 

Richard Jose, son of Christopher Cand undoubtedly once sheriff of the 
Province of N. H.), died intestate. Administration was granted upon his 
estate in 1707 to his widow, Hannah Jose. On the 18 March, 1722-3, an 

274 Sliaplelgh, Stllcmaii, Martyn, Cults, Tnceivorthj, Jose. [July 

agreement was made for a division of the estate of " our late Hon'^. Father, 
liichard Jose late of Portsm^. in the Prov. of New Hampshire, Esqr., De- 
ceased — and was divided among Richard Jose — his part being a double 
share ; " Martin Jose, Joann Pray, Hannah Hilton, dec'd, for her daugliter 
Hannah Hilton, Jane Gate, Mary Roberts, Sarah Bruster, Margaret Jose. 

The division is signed by " John Pray, Richard Jose, Martin Jose, Edward 
Gate, Jr., John Roberts, Joshua Bruster, Joann Pray, Jane Gate, Mary 
Roberts (her mark), Sarah Bruster (her mark), John Pray, Guardian to 
Margaret Jose." — \_Prohate Records Co. Rockingham^ N. H.^ 

" Hannah Jose, of Portsmouth, and widow of Richard Jose deceased, 
and administratrix of his estate ; to enable her to bring up her two youngest 
daughters by s'^ Jose." Gonveys real estate by deed to Peter Abbott, dated 
3d Sept., nVd.—lRecords of Deeds, Lib. 70, foL 203.] 

RicnARD Martyn's will proved 17 April, 1694. He names his "son 
in Law Richard Jose," one of the overseers — consequently Hannah the wife 
of Richard Jose is presumed to be a daughter of Richard Martyn. — \_Pro- 
hate Record.'] 

Richard Jose, grandson of Ghristopher, and son of Richard (once 
sheriff of the province of N. H.) ; married Damaris . Her hus- 
band, Richard Jose, died prior to 6 May, 1736. Richard and Damaris, both^ 
by deed conveyed real estate to Isaac Dow, 30 Dec, 1725. — \_Rockingham 
Records, Lih. l4:,fol. 413.] 

Their children were : 

Hannah, married Hewett subsequent to June 30, 1747. — [Z/J. 33, 

fol 341.] 
Susannah, married Samuel In galls, of Ghester, N. H. prior to June 7, 
174:8.— [Rock. Rec, Lib. 3G,foL 532.] 

-p. , "'-, (^ died after their father Richard, and before their mother 
Samh i T>ixmixvis.— [Ibid., Lib. 106, fol. 474.] 

Ebenezer Jose, son of Richard and Damaris. In his will, dated 20 Feb., 
1760, proved 26 March, 1760, he names his sons: Ebenezer; Michael Den- 
nis, died in 1799 ; Joanna, daughter. And appoints his wife, Margaret, 
and his " beloved brother. Gap*. Joseph Hixon," executors. 

Damaris Jose, widow of Richard, married Jeremiah Wheelwright (a 

descendant of the Rev. John) of Portsmouth, soon after Sept. 1736. He 

died in 1768. His will is dated 24 Jan., 1768, proved Feb. 23, 1768, 

and names his " three children " : 


Jolm, died in 1784 — his first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Ebenezer 

Odion, of Portsmouth, N. H. Second wife name Martha . He 

left a son John. 
Mary, married John Oram, of Eddington, county of Bartu, N. Garolina — 

ship-master, before the death of her fiither. 
Jeremiah, a grandson, also named in the will. There was also a grand- 
son John, son of John. 

Damaris Wheelwright, died in 1780. Oct. 2, 1782, her estate was 
decreed by judge of ])r()bate to John Wheelwright, he paying a double share 
to the licirs of Ebenezer Jose; to his two sisters Hannah (Hewett) and 
Mary (Oram), a share each. 

1873.] Record- BooJc of the First Church in Charlestown, 





Continued from Register, page 183. 
— Page 251 (Concluded). — 

Beniamin, S. ? nc. • tm- • i 

o • ^\ > 01 barai JMirick — — — 

barai D. ^ 

Andrew phillips (aged about 25 y) — — 

Elekiol Craval (aged about 18 y" — — 

prifcilla y'^ wife of Samuel (aged — — 

Samuel her Son — — — — — — 

ITephziba y^ wife of Thomas (aged — — 

Thomas her son — — — — — — 

Naomic. D. (aged about 18 y" 

Silence. D. (aged about 16 y"^ 

Thomas. S. Thomas white (now admitted to y^ 

Lefser Comunion) 

Mary, wife of Samuel Mould, D»' in Law to John 

Candifli (aged [blot] 

Abigail Cogan (aged about 15 y") grandaughter 

to Michael Lonjx 

Thomas — — 


Mi rick 




















— Page 252 — 


Joseph ye Son of Hopewell & Sarai, — — — 

Mary D. of Thomas & Hannah — — — — 

Sarai D. of & — — — — — 

parnel D of & parnell — — — 

Nathanael S. in Law of Chriftopher Goodwin (aged 


prudence D John (aged about 18) — — — 

Experience peggy (aged about 17 — — — 

,, o-r ^ males 14 

in all ol { n 1 oo 

I lemales 26 

Samuel Read (aged about 30) — — — — 

George y^ S. of George & Hannah Luke — — 
Sarai, D. of Samuell & Sarai Wilson — — 

Nathaniel ^ S of Nathaniell «& Hannah — — 
Daniel \^ ___„___ 

Hannah J) — — — — — — — 

John. S. John & Elizabeth Edwards — — — 
Eliz : D. Zachary & Long — — — 

Elizabeth Augur (aged 18) living w*** Nath Adams 
Sarai Evens (aged 14) living w'^ wid: Brigden 
Elizabeth D : John Jun'" & Eliz : — — — 
Sarai W. patrick [ ?] ISIark (aged about 50) — 
William. S. [blotted] phillips — _ _ _ 
Stephen S. Stephen fofdike — — — — 

S DC Jo^^P^ ^ Sarai Newell — — — < 

T-i ' Q 'f- Thomas & prifcilla — — — < 
Ihomas. S. > ^ ( 

William S ^ [* these four names ( 

Hanna D 1 & Hannah re-written] j 

Sarai D f meill : by miftake thes 4 were bapt : 

Mary D J [illegible] she was pposed before 

she renewed covenant 

Rebecca D John «fe — — — — — 






























* Words and figures marked thus have been re- written. 
Vol. XXVII. 25 

276 Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown. [July, 












[1687] — Page 253 — 

Sarah D Samuel & Mary — — — — 

Abigail. D. Nathanael & — — — — 

Cabeb. S. ^ — — — — — — — — 

John. S. > Cabeb & Mary — — — — — 

Mary D. ) — — — — — — — — 

Martha D. & March [?] (of Long Hand) 

S Thomas & — — — — — 

Hannah W of Samuel (aged 30) — — — 

Samuell* S. (aged 14^* _ _ _ _ _ 

Hannah* D. (aged 10* about*) — — — 

Elizabeth* D. (aged 8 * about*) _ _ — 

Sarai* D (aged 5 * about*) • — — — 

Mary * D (aged 3 * about *) — — — 

Elizabeth (aged 19 yrs — — — — — 

John. S. of John Whittamore Jun'" (aged 2) 

Mehitabell, D. John & — — — — 

Debora D. John & — — — — 

Sarai D. John & — — — — 

Sarai D. John & — — — — 

Samuel. S. Epaphra & Rebecca (of Boston) — 

Robert S \ ^^ -^^^^ ^ ^^^^^ 

Andrew S. of Andrew — — — — 

James S. of Alexander * & Susanna — — 
Elias S. of Elias & Abigail — — — — 
Ebenezer S. of Tho : Jn' & Esther _ — — 

Joseph. S. Jacob jun^ & — — — — 

Nathaniel. S. Stephen & — — — — 

Samuel. S. Elias & Margarite — — — — 

John. S. paul & Jamina (aged i y'') — — — 

John. S. Thomas & Mary (reed covt in 81 [ ?] by 

name of mary potter D. of Mary — — — 

* Words and figures marked thus have been re- written. 
















Rand [leyn 



















— Page 254 — 

Hanna ' T) v Johanna Widd : of Nathaniel 
Mary D "William & mary — — — — — 

fayth D of Joseph & — — — — — 

John — S — ^ 

Edmond — S — > John & Elizabeth — — — 
Elizabeth D > 

Rachel Blanchard (aged about 17) — — — 
Hannah D of & Lydia — — — — 

Thomas S of Thomas & Elizabeth — — — 
Jane I) of Samuel & — — — — 

Abiel J) of Chapman widdow — — — 

Mary D of James & Lowden (she having 

renewed Cov* at M' Willards c^'* — — 

Abigail. D. of & Hannah willey i 

(she having Renewed cov' at Lancaster, > 
goodman Brasiers Daughter. — — ) 

» Badly blotted iu the MS. 












1873.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, 

















— \ — 


— Page 254 (concluded.) — 

John. S. John & Call — _ _ _ 

John. S. John & Lowden — — — — 

Elizabeth D. of Thomas & Dorothy — — — 

Rebecka D of John & — — — 

John. S. John & Abigail Rayner — — — 

Mary. D. & Abigail Soley — — — 

Mary. D. Timothy & _ _ _ 

Nathaniel. S. Nathaniel & — — — 

Ifreelove D of Jonathan & — — — 

Mary D of Joseph & — — — — — 

11 TO S males 35 

in all 78 < ,. , .r, 

I lemales 4o 

Dorothy D. Jonathan Wade Efq"^ & his wife 

Joseph. S. Joseph & Sarah — — — — — 

Thomas. S. Jacob & — — — — — 



































— Page 255 — 


Sarah D Solomon & — — — — — 

Abigaile D. of Samuel & Hannah — — — 

Mary D. of Thomas Jun"" & Hannah — — — 

Rebecca D of John & — — — — 

\\Tw^ c \ Twins of Enoch & — — 

William S ) 

P^benezer. S. of Hopewell & Sarah — — — 

Ebenezer. S. of^ Nathaniel & — — — 

Nathaniel. S. of Eleazer & Anna — — — 

Jonathan. S. of John & — — — 
Ruth (aged about 20 y'"' — _____ 

William. S. of William & Esther — — _ 

Samuel. S. of Samuel & Elizabeth — — — 

Mary D. Jacob Jun*" & — — — — 

Zechary. S. Nathaniel & his wife Cov*^*^ 

Mary. D. John Hinckson & 

Samuel. S ) aged 3 

Mary. D ^ aged 2 

Margarlte D of Thomas — — — — 

David, S. > 8 y^ 

Richard. S. [• 5 y of Thomas Stanford (y^ 

Rebecca. D. 2 y^ blindeman) nowentring 

Elizaoeth D J 1 y into Govt 

Ann. D. of Nathaniel & Anna Adams — 

Abiel D. of Anna phillips widdow to Benjamin 

Ellas. S. of John & Ruth — — — — — 

Henry S of Henry — — — — — — 

Sarah D : of Joseph & — — — — 

Elizabeth D : of william & Ruth — — — 
Anna, D. widd : Shapley Deceased (aged about 15) 
maximilian. S. of Samuel & faith — — — 
mary, D. of Zachary & Elizabeth — — — 

his wife cov**^ 
Jonathan & Mary — — 

































Rccord-BooTc of the First Church iri Charlestown. [July, 















— Page 256 — Baptized 

William. S. i ( 

Ebenezer. S. > Edw^ Jun'" & Miriam — — — 
Susanna. D. ) ( 

Nicholas. S. nicholas & Elizabeth — — — 

Joseph. S. B"^ Jacob & — — — — — 

Mary. D. Andrew & — — — — — 

Sarah D Samuel & — — — — — 

Jonathan. S. John & — — — — — 

John. S. Elias & Abigail — — — — — 

Thomas. S. Thomas & Mary — — — — 

Mary D : Samuel (aged about 15) — — — 

Hannah. D : John Jun^ & — — — — 

Deborah D Andrew & — — — — 

Elizabeth D Edward & Hannah — — — — 
Edward. S. ^ ( 

William. S. > William & — — — — 
Mary. D ) ( 

John March (aged 23) — — — — — 

Mary Mark (aged 18) — _ _ _ — 

Margarit the wife of Stephe (aged — 21) — — 

Joseph S|S. |S|D|D|D| Joseph & Dorcas 

Timothy. S. michael & Johanna — — — 

Abigaile. D. Thomas Jun^ & — — — 

Abigaile. D. Andrew & — — — 

Joseph S Joseph & Joanna — — — 

T n /7K ( males 32 
In all. 65 | j.^^^;^^ 33 

* Six lines in Record. 







Hay man 




Hay man 










pratt * 


























7 I 

— Page 257 — 


fayth D. paule (femar?/ — — — — — 

Ann. D. Timothy & — — — — — 

Lydia. D. Richard & Lydia — — — — 

Mary D Samuel & Mary — — — — — 

Rebecka D John & — — — — — — 

Joseph S Thomas & Mary (formerly Branfon) 

Abigail. D Jacob & Sarah — — — — 

Mary, D Benjamin & Sarah — — — — 

Rachel D : & _ _ _ _ 

william S. Thomas & — — — — 

Thomas : S. Thomas & — — — — 

Abiel : D : Nathaniel (Deceased) & — — 

Samuel. S. Caleb & mary — — — — 

John S. Joseph & Sarah — — — — 

Hannah D. Joseph & — — — — 

Isaack. S. Eleazer & — — — — 

Elizabeth I). & Mary Jennor (of Long Island) 

Joseph. S. Stephen & — — — — 

John. S. Samuel & priscilla — — — — 
William. S. Mary Davy Vid : (aged about 13.) 

Susanna D Thorn : & — — — — 

John : S. Roger & Experience — — — — 

Hannah D Isaack & — — — — 
























1873.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, 279 






— Page 257 (Concluded). — 

Elizabeth D Nicholas & Elizabeth — — — 
Hopliziha D Thomas & Hcphzibah — — — 
francis. S. Captein Lawrence & Ann — — 
Hannah D. Abraha & a member of y^ ch : in 

Concord Sheppard. 
Sarah D Thomas & Sarah — — — — — jClark 
Abigail I) Samucll & Anna — — — — Blunt 
Judith Wooder (aged about 22) Naraganset In- j) | 

dian. serv' to the widdow of m' Zachary Long > IWooder 
Deceased — — — — — — — — ^1 






















— Page 258 — Baptized. 

Richard. S. ? aged. 3 ^^^^ ^ Katharine 

John D. \ aged 1 

Joseph. S. Mat lie w & Manj — — 

John. S. John & Ruth — — 

Richard S. John & — — 

Ruth. D. & Reheclca — — 

Elizabeth D. William & — — 

John. S. Tho : & — — 

Richard. S. Richard & parnell 
William. S. & Elizabeth 

Katharine D of Samuel & — — 

James (aged about 30) — — 

Hannah 1) of Nathanael & — — 

mary. D of Samuel & — — 

Sarah D of John & — 

Martha U of William & mary — 

Joseph S. & prudence 

Rebecka D. of Tymothy & — 

Bright. S. of Isaac & Bariah — 

William. S. ofElias & — 

^ males 23 

I females 27 
Susanna D. Stephen & 

Margaret D John Jun"^ & 

Thomas S. william & Esther 
Jonathan S John Jun'' & Sarah 
Jonathan S Alexander & Susanna 
Bethiah D Andrew & Abigail 
Sarah D John & Eebecka 
John S John & 
Elizabeth. D. Nathanael «& 
John S John & Abigaile 

In all 50. 

aged 4. Indian. 1. 







Read [lain 














Page 259 — 





Vol. XXVII. 

Ruth, D. Thomas Ju"^ & 

Samuel. S. Thomas Junr & 
Joseph. S. Thomas & 
Joseph. S. Jacob Ju'' & 
phebe. D. Joseph & 
mary. D. James & 








Record-Book of the First Church in Charlcstown. [July, 








— Page 259 (concluded) . — 

Ricliard. S. Richard & mar gar et — — — 

John S. John & — — — 

Sarai. D Nathanael & " — — — 

Hannah D. James & — — — 

John. S. John & Sarah — — — 

Abigail D Samuel & Sarah (aged 2 y") — — 

Joseph S. Eleazer & Anna — — — 

Sarah Larkin (aged about 15) — — — 

Joseph. S. Joseph & Hannah (of Swansey) — 

Mary D & Elizabeth (of y^ old ch : Boston 

John. S. Edward & Mary — — — — 

M ' ^ T)' [ (twins) Richard & Margaret — — < 

Elizabeth. D. John & Susanna — — — — 

Sarah D Joseph & Dorcas — — — — 

Joseph S Joseph & — — — — 

David S John & — — — — 

Mabel D. David & Mabell _ _ _ _ 

Abigail D. Luke & Abigail (of Bofton) — — 

Sarah D. Hopewell & — — — — 

Sarah D. Samuel & — — — — 

Mary D. Nathaniel & — — — — 

Samuel. S. & Mary — — — — 

Jonathan S Jonathan & — — — — 

Sarah D william & — — — — 

John. S. John & Ruth — — — — 





















pine (?) 




— Page 260— Baptized. 

Nathanael S. Jacob & — — 

Johanna D Michael & — — 

Hannah Barber (aged about 15) — 

Henry. S. of Henry & — — 
Anna. D 
John. S 

of Daniel & Anna 

In all 48. 

Males 23. 
females 25 

> aged 2 — 












Mary D Mary 

Mary D william & — — — — 

Union D Nathanael & — — — — 

Sarah D Samuel & Dows — 
Sarah D John Jun (Deceased) & Abigail 

Joseph S. Joseph & Johanna (of Boston) — 

Ruth D. John & Buth _ _ _ 

Sarah D John & — — — 

Rebecka D of Charles & Rebecka — — 

Margaret D of Stephen & — — — 

Mary ])eachy (aged about 17.) — — — 
Katiiarine D. & Mary (of Boston) — 

Dorothy D. Nathanael & — — — 
Anna. D. of Elizabeth (now) w. of John fosdick 

(aged 10) 
(To be continued.) 















1873.] Shirlei/s Expeditions, 1754-5, S^c. 281 


^ 1775-77. 

The Register is indebted to the Hon. George Sheldon, of Deerfield, Mass., for 
the following documents now first printed. These he describes as follows : 

1. A journal of the march of Capt. Elcazer Melvin's company in Gov, Shirley's 
expedition to the Norridgewock country when Fort llalilax was erected in 1754 ; 
kept by John Barber. 

2. A letter from the same man dated July 11, 1755, from Schenectady to his wife 
" in Sudbury New-England." lie was then with Shirley in his unfortunate expe- 
dition against Niagara. 

3. The Muster-KoU of the company of Capt. Paul Brigham, of Marlborough, 
with the time each member served in the army, from April 19, 1775, to April 30, 

John Barber, the writer of the above journal and letter, is supposed to have been 
killed in a skirmish soon after it was written ; but no certain knowledge was ever 
obtained of his fate. 

His widow Hannah married a Stone, of Sudbury, or Marlborough. She 

died a widow before Feb. 20, 1781. In her will, dated March 21, 1783, slie names 
children: " Abigail Barber, widow of my son John Barber," Samuel, Oliver, 
Nathan, Ephraim and Silas Barber also. " Grandchildren [children? G. S.] of my 
beloved daughter Abigail Loker dec'd and my beloved daughter Hannah Loker 

William Baldwin, of East Sudbury, was named Executor. 
L hor her 

P Witnesses :" Ezekiel Rice, Eunice X Rice, and Fanny X Rice." 

mark, mark. 

The heirs of Hannah Stone made an agreement Nov. 10, 1780, by which Eph. 
Barber was to take the property left them by her will, a house and four acres of 
land in Sudbury, and sell it for their joint benefit. The parties signing the agree- 
ment were Nathan, Oliver and Silas Barber, Henry Locar with Hannah his wife, 
Moses Locar, Benj. Mills and Sarah his wife, Jeremiah Smith and Mary his wile. 

Ephraim Barber, of Marlborough, son of John and Hannah, was the noted clock 
maker, who always insisted that he should return in a thousand years after his death 
to find his clocks running. One of them is patiently ticking away, awaiting his 
coming, at the house of his grandson, J. A. Barber, of Northfield, Mass. Ot this 
clock marvellous tales are told of supernatural interest in the aii'airs of the family. 

Ephraim resided in Marlborough, where he was one of the leading citizens for 
many years, and often represented her in the general court. He died Nov. 4, 1817, 
aged 70. 

Samuel, the son of John, was of Stockbridge, Jan. 22, 1789. Silas was of the 
city of New-York, Jan. 29, 1788. 

The writer does not feel certain of the ancestry of the old soldier John Barber, and 
has given many of the above particulars in hope that some correspondent of the 
Register may thereby find a clue, and give us the desired information concerning 


[jOHN barber's journal.] 


A journal of the Hon^^" 
Cap* Eleazer Melven : and his Company's Marching and Saileing : We 

Marched from Concord May 30 1754 to the Widdow Bowmans of Came- 

bridge and Lodged. 

31 May Marched to Medford from thence Sailed to Casstle William 
Where We Encamped untill June 22*^. 


Shirley^s ExpeditionSj 1754-5, S^c. 


22 Jvne We Embarqved On Board the Sloop Svccess Cap* Josiah Simp- 
son Master about twelve of the Clock Post Meridan When his Excellency 
Governovr Shirley In the Ship Shirley Galley Sailed from [torn] Casstle 
William Where [tornj 


Cap* Eleazer Melven' 
Dani4 Brewer